Guide to the Papers of William Morris Hughes

MS 1538

National Library of Australia


Date completed: October 2007
Last updated: October 2007


This finding aid was created by the Manuscripts Branch of the National Library of Australia with the assistance of the Australian Prime Ministers Centre.


Table of Contents

Collection Summary

Introduction

Scope and Content

Arrangement

Access

Copying and Publishing

Preferred Citation

Provenance

Digitised Material

Related Material

Biographical Note

Series List and Descriptions

Series 1 General correspondence, 1903-1952

Series 2 Financial papers, 1904-1952

Series 3 Birthday and congratulatory correspondence, 1916-1952

Series 4 Diaries and notebooks, 1900-c.1952

Series 5 Writings, 1907-1952

Series 6 Newspapers and newscuttings, 1891-1952

Series 7 Speeches and broadcasts, 1910-1952

Series 8 Christmas cards, 1921-1952

Series 9 Programs, invitations and cards, 1906-1953

Series 10 Photographs, c.1865-1950s

Series 11 Printed and roneoed material, c.1900-1952

Series 12 Family papers, 1875-1958

Series 13 Dame Mary Hughes, 1913-1953

Series 14 Legal notebooks, 1894-1902

Series 15 Politics and unions, 1890-1929

Series 16 Prime Minister, 1915-c.1925

Series 17 Primary industry, overseas trade, and shipping, 1906-1946

Series 18 Industrial relations, 1914-1922

Series 19 Defence, 1915-1922

Series 20 Recruiting and the second conscription referendum, 1915-1918

Series 21 Internal security, 1915-1922

Series 22 1916 overseas visits, 1909-1916

Series 23 1918 Imperial War Conference, 1900-1919

Series 24 1919 Paris Peace Conference, 1918-1919

Series 25 1921 Imperial Conference, 1920-1921

Series 26 1924 Tour of the USA, 1923-1924

Series 27 National Party, 1918-1931

Series 28 Elections, 1913-1951

Series 29 Backbencher, 1923-1933

Series 30 Constituency correspondence, 1922-1952

Series 31 Amalgamated Wireless (Australasia) Ltd, 1920-1952

Series 32 Subject files, 1919-1941

Series 33 The 1929 election, 1917-1929

Series 34 The Australian Party, 1929-1933

Series 35 League of Nations, 1919-1946

Series 36 United Australia Party, 1931-1944

Series 37 Minister for Health, 1923-1942

Series 38 Minister for Repatriation, 1934-1937

Series 39 Minister for the Navy, 1940-1942

Series 40 Minister for Territories, 1935-1941

Series 41 Minister for Industry, 1938-1940

Series 42 Minister for External Affairs, 1937-1940

Series 43 Attorney-General, c.1934-1942

Series 44 Australian Democratic Front, 1939-1943

Series 45 Parliamentarian and Cabinet member, 1934-1943

Series 46 Advisory War Council, 1940-1945

Series 47 Backbencher, 1913-1952

Series 48 Subject files, 1890-1952

Series 49 Liberal Party of Australia, 1945-1952

Series 50 Objects, ephemera and miscellaneous papers, 1885-1952

Container List

Name Index to Correspondence



Collection Summary

Creator: Hughes, W. M. (1862-1952)
Title: Papers of William Morris Hughes
Date Range: c.1865-1958 (bulk 1930s-1940s)
Collection Number: MS 1538
Extent: 53.62 m (236 boxes) + 23 folio boxes and 9 elephant folio items
Repository: National Library of Australia
Abstract: Correspondence (1903-1952), diaries and notebooks (c.1911-c.1952), financial papers, newspaper cuttings, photographs, family papers and political papers as well as much of Hughes' published output of books, press articles and speeches. Also contains corrected typescripts of L. F. Fitzhardinge's biography of W. M. Hughes. The date coverage of the collection is uneven with only a small portion of papers relating to Hughes' activities, 1894-1917. Much of the material is concentrated on the period of the 1930s and 1940s. The political papers include Hughes' time as Prime Minister (1915-1923), as a backbencher (1923-1934 and 1941-1952), as well as his various ministerial positions (1934-1941).

Introduction

Scope and Content

The collection includes correspondence, diaries and notebooks, financial papers, newscuttings, photographs, family papers and political papers as well as much of Hughes' published output of books, press articles and speeches. Also included are corrected typescripts of L. F. Fitzhardinge's biography of Hughes.

The date coverage of the collection is uneven, with only a small portion of papers relating to Hughes' activities, 1894-1917. Much of the material is concentrated on the period of the 1930s and 1940s. Although the earliest items date from c.1865, the collection contains almost no 19th century material. The events of a particular year, such as 1921 or 1929 are well documented, while for other key periods like 1915-1917 (encompassing events with which Hughes was intimately associated) the collection is virtually silent.

The political papers include Hughes' time as Prime Minister (1915-1923), as a backbencher (1923-1934 and 1941-1952), as well as his various ministerial positions (1934-1941). There is nothing in the collection relating to his responsibility as Vice-President of the Executive Council and the series covering Industry and Repatriation are quite meagre. Hughes' published output of books, press articles and speeches and forewords to others' works are reasonably well covered.

Arrangement

Prior to their transfer to the Library the papers were held at the Australian National University where they were used by Hughes' biographer, L. F. Fitzhardinge, and his staff. During this time some sorting was undertaken. The original packing lists show the collection was in complete disorder and did not contain evidence of any previous working order. The Library has arranged the papers into 50 series based on physical form, subject, activity or event. The first 11 are groupings of material distinct because of their physical form (e.g. correspondence, diaries) although they should not be regarded as exclusive categories. Series 14 and 15 are devoted to Hughes' earliest years, and, with the exception of Series 26 and possibly 31, Series 16-49 all relate in some way to Hughes' political career. Series 50 contains objects, maps and other items of ephemera and miscellaneous papers which do not naturally fit into the other series.

An alphabetical index has been compiled for all correspondence up to Series 30, Folder 65. Individual folio items have been numbered up to Series 30, Folder 65 (with the exception of some papers in Series 6 and 7).

The original finding aid which was prepared in 1978 was revised in 2007.

Access

Available for research.

Provenance

The W. M. Hughes Papers were presented to the National Library of Australia by Dame Mary Hughes in 1953. The collection was received in two consignments. One consisted of papers taken from the Perpetual Trustee Company comprising material from Hughes' Lindfield home and from his office rooms at the Commonwealth Offices, Sydney; the other came directly from Lindfield. Lists of the contents of both consignments are held in the Library's Manuscript Branch. With the agreement of the executors and the Library, much of the collection, was for a time, held at the Australian National University by Fitzhardinge. He was permitted sole access to the collection while writing the biography Hughes commissioned in 1951. Fitzhardinge's own papers documenting the writing of the biography are also held by the Library (MS 5400).

The papers transferred to the Library in 1953 are by no means the total collection of Hughes' personal papers, although it is impossible to say what proportion has survived. (see Fitzhardinge, p.936).

Copying and Publishing

Copying and publishing of unpublished manuscript material is subject to copyright restrictions. For such material, written permission to publish must be obtained from the copyright holder(s). Copying of unpublished material for research purposes is permissible 50 years after the death of the creator of the material.

Digitised Material

A small number of items from the Hughes Papers including photographs and newscuttings have been digitised. They can be accessed through the Library's catalogue at http://protocat.nla.gov.au.

Related Material

In addition to the Hughes Papers the Library holds other manuscript collections (including microfilm copies) which contain letters or other materials relating to Hughes. These materials are described separately in a guide Special collections relating to William Morris Hughes in the National Library of Australia ( http://www.nla.gov.au/ms/findaids/1538rm.html).

Pictorial works, photographs, some illuminated addresses and a brief case belonging to Hughes are located in the Pictures Collection. They can be accessed through the Library catalogue.

Preferred Citation

Items from this collection should be cited as '[Title or description of manuscript item], Papers of William Morris Hughes, National Library of Australia, MS 1538, [series and item number]'.

Biographical Note

The life of W. M. Hughes is the subject of numerous books, and Hughes himself published two works of reminiscence. It is therefore not intended to provide here any more than the briefest outline of the major events of his life.

Hughes was born the only child of Welsh parents in London on 25 September 1862 and died in Sydney on 28 October 1952. He was educated in Wales and later at St Stephen's School, Westminster, where he also worked as a pupil teacher. In 1884 he migrated to Queensland, and spent two years mostly in rural occupations before settling in Sydney. Between 1886 and his election in 1894 as the Labor Member for Lang in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly he worked again in a variety of miscellaneous occupations, ran a small bookshop, and worked for the Australian Workers' Union, the Sydney Wharf Labourers' Union, and the Labor Electoral Leagues. In the latter part of the 1890s he worked for the passage of the Early Closing Act and the Old Age Pension Act, and attended the 1900 Interstate Labor Conference as a NSW delegate.

Hughes was elected as the Member for West Sydney in 1901. In 1903 he was admitted to the New South Wales Bar, and in the following year was the Minister for External Affairs in J. C. Watson's Labor Government. In the governments of Watson's replacement, Andrew Fisher, Hughes was Attorney-General, and when Fisher resigned in October 1915 to become High Commissioner in London, Hughes was elected Leader of the Party and Prime Minister. During the next nine years he was at the very centre of national and international affairs. Hughes twice sought through referenda the approval of the electorate for compulsory military service, was expelled from the Labor Party and founded a new one, the National Party, and represented Australia at the Economic Conference of the Allies in 1916, the Imperial Conferences of 1918 and 1921 and the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. Early in 1923 Hughes was forced to resign his leadership of the Nationalists as a condition for Country Party support following the December 1922 election, and spent the next 11 years in Parliament as a backbencher.

In the 1920s Hughes was a constant critic of the Bruce-Page Government, and his eventual open opposition over one particular issue, arbitration, resulted in its destruction in 1929 and three years of Labor rule under J. H. Scullin. Expelled from the National Party, Hughes attempted to create his own party, the Australian Party, but, faced with little success, in 1931 joined a new non-Labor coalition formed around J. A. Lyons called the United Australia Party. During the 1930s and early war years Hughes held various portfolios in the Lyons and Menzies Governments including Health, External Affairs, Navy, and Attorney-General, and was a Member of the Advisory War Council between 1940 and 1945.

Following the defeat of Fadden's budget in September 1941 and Curtin's installation as Prime Minister, Hughes was elected Leader of the United Australia Party over Menzies, and fought the 1943 General Election as Deputy Leader of the Opposition. After this election Hughes stepped down as Leader, and was expelled in April 1944 for refusing a UAP direction to leave the Advisory War Council. The following year he joined the Liberal Party of Australia, and was its representative for North Sydney and later Bradfield until his death in 1952.

During his political career Hughes published several polemical works and many of his writings appeared in the press. For example, in 1910 his series of press articles titled The case for labor was published in book form. Two other works, argued with similar force, were The splendid adventure (1929) and Australia and war today (1935). In the 1940s when his search for a congenial biographer appeared fruitless, he brought out two works of reminiscence, Crusts and crusades (1947) and Policies and potentates (1950).

Hughes married twice. In 1886 or thereabouts he married Elizabeth Cutts and had seven children, six of whom survived him. His second marriage was to Mary Campbell, five years after Elizabeth's death in 1906. They had one child, Helen, who died in London in 1937.

Reference(s):
Hughes, William Morris, Australia's Prime Ministers, http://primeministers.naa.gov.au/meetpm.asp?pmId=8.
Hughes, William Morris, Australian Dictionary of Biography Online, http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A090395b.htm.
Browne, F.C. They called him Billy. Sydney : Peter Huston, 1946.
Fitzhardinge, L.F. William Morris Hughes: a political biography. 2 vols. Sydney : Angus & Robertson, 1964, 1977.
Hughes, W.M., Crusts and crusades: tales of bygone days, Sydney : Angus & Robertson, 1947.
Hughes, W. M. Policies and potentates. Sydney : Angus & Robertson, 1950.
Sladen, D. From boundary rider to Prime Minister. London : Hutchinson, 1916.
Sprigg, S.W. W.M. Hughes, the strong man of Australia. London : C. Arthur Pearson, 1916.
Whyte, W. Farmer. William Morris Hughes: his life and times. Sydney : Angus & Robertson, 1957.



Series List and Descriptions

Series 1 General correspondence, 1903-1952

The first series is made up of letters and telegrams to Hughes and copies or drafts of some of his replies which do not naturally relate to the subjects, activities or events of the remaining series. They are arranged in date order, with undated letters placed last. Many of the letters are from personal friends of Hughes. There are replies to sympathy letters, welcomes to Hughes upon his return from overseas trips, letters of introduction, invitations, letters of regret following his resignation in 1923, requests for photographs and autographs, copies of invitation acceptances, and applications for positions as secretary. Other letters deal with arrangements for golf, the supply of hearing aid batteries, people's reactions to speeches and broadcasts, requests for money, the forwarding of reports and publications and Hughes' opinion on the abdication in 1936.

The main correspondents are Sir Ronald Anderson, Joynton Smith, Claude McKay, George Payne, Lord Novar, L. S. Amery, Sir John Quick, Sir Atlee Hunt, Sir George Rich, Dame Mary Gilmore, Sir Keith Murdoch, Lindley Walker, C. R. Hall, Sir Philip Game, W. S. Robinson, Pauline Grieve, H. V. Howe, M. Hillary, Sir Charles Jones, Randolf Bedford, Sir Percy Hunter, R. M. Pontey, Percy Deane, and Field-Marshal Birdwood.

Folder 1 General correspondence, 1903-1920

Comprises items 1-108.

Folder 2 General correspondence, 1921-1922

Comprises items 109-168.

Folder 3 General correspondence, 1923

Comprises items 169-371.

Folder 4 General correspondence, 1924-1925

Comprises items 372-522.

Folder 5 General correspondence, January-June 1926

Comprises items 523-708.

Folder 6 General correspondence, July-December 1926

Comprises items 709-779.

Folder 7 General correspondence, 1927-1929

Comprises items 780-855.

Folder 8 General correspondence, 1930-1933

Comprises items 856-969.

Folder 9 General correspondence, 1934-1935

Comprises items 970-1098.

Folder 10 General correspondence, January-June 1936

Comprises items 1099-1191.

Folder 11 General correspondence, July-December 1936

Comprises items 1192-1307.

Folder 12 General correspondence, 1937

Comprises items 1308-1399/53.

Folder 13 General correspondence, 1938

Comprises items 1399/54-1515.

Folder 14 General correspondence, 1939

Comprises items 1516-1681.

Folder 15 General correspondence, January-February 1940

Comprises items 1682-1867.

Folder 16 General correspondence, March-April 1940

Comprises items 1868-1995.

Folder 17 General correspondence, May-June 1940

Comprises items 1996-2109.

Folder 18 General correspondence, July 1940

Comprises items 2110-2223.

Folder 19 General correspondence, August 1940

Comprises items 2224-2388.

Folder 20 General correspondence, September 1940

Comprises items 2389-2456.

Folder 21 General correspondence, October 1940

Comprises items 2457-2591.

Folder 22 General correspondence, November 1940

Comprises items 2592-2716.

Folder 23 General correspondence, December 1940

Comprises items 2717-2805.

Folder 24 General correspondence, January 1941

Comprises items 2806-3056.

Folder 25 General correspondence, February 1941

Comprises items 3057-3250.

Folder 26 General correspondence, March 1941

Comprises items 3251-3353.

Folder 27 General correspondence, April-June 1941

Comprises items 3354-3499.

Folder 28 General correspondence, July-September 1941

Comprises items 3500-3598.

Folder 29 General correspondence, October 1941

Comprises items 3599-3747.

Folder 30 General correspondence, November-December 1941

Comprises items 3748-3916.

Folder 31 General correspondence, January 1942

Comprises items 3917-4012.

Folder 32 General correspondence, February 1942

Comprises items 4013-4199.

Folder 33 General correspondence, March 1942

Comprises items 4200-4315.

Folder 34 General correspondence, April-May 1942

Comprises items 4316-4429.

Folder 35 General correspondence, June 1942

Comprises items 4430-4504.

Folder 36 General correspondence, July-August 1942

Comprises items 4505-4657.

Folder 37 General correspondence, September-October 1942

Comprises items 4658-4846.

Folder 38 General correspondence, November-December 1942

Comprises items 4847-5043.

Folder 39 General correspondence, January-February 1943

Comprises items 5044-5213.

Folder 40 General correspondence, March 1943

Comprises items 5214-5265.

Folder 41 General correspondence, April 1943

Comprises items 5266-5478.

Folder 42 General correspondence, May 1943

Comprises items 5479-5618.

Folder 43 General correspondence, June 1943

Comprises items 5619-5724.

Folder 44 General correspondence, July-August 1943

Comprises items 5725-5934.

Folder 45 General correspondence, September-October 1943

Comprises items 5935-6016.

Folder 46 General correspondence, November-December 1943

Comprises items 6017-6120.

Folder 47 General correspondence, January-February 1944

Comprises items 6121-6212.

Folder 48 General correspondence, March-April 1944

Comprises items 6213-6353.

Folder 49 General correspondence, May-June 1944

Comprises items 6354-6460.

Folder 50 General correspondence, July-August 1944

Comprises items 6461-6604.

Folder 51 General correspondence, September-October 1944

Comprises items 6605-6775.

Folder 52 General correspondence, November-December 1944

Comprises items 6776-6912.

Folder 53 General correspondence, January 1945

Comprises items 6913-6997.

Folder 54 General correspondence, February-March 1945

Comprises items 6998-7118.

Folder 55 General correspondence, April-June 1945

Comprises items 7119-7286.

Folder 56 General correspondence, July-August 1945

Comprises items 7287-7431.

Folder 57 General correspondence, September-October 1945

Comprises items 7432-7515.

Folder 58 General correspondence, November-December 1945

Comprises items 7516-7622.

Folder 59 General correspondence, January-February 1946

Comprises items 7623-7767.

Folder 60 General correspondence, March-April 1946

Comprises items 7768-7944.

Folder 61 General correspondence, May-June 1946

Comprises items 7945-8135.

Folder 62 General correspondence, July-August 1946

Comprises items 8136-8309.

Folder 63 General correspondence, September-October 1946

Comprises items 8310-8462.

Folder 64 General correspondence, November-December 1946

Comprises items 8463-8578.

Folder 65 General correspondence, January-February 1947

Comprises items 8579-8745.

Folder 66 General correspondence, March-April 1947

Comprises items 8746-8866.

Folder 67 General correspondence, May-June 1947

Comprises items 8867-8997.

Folder 68 General correspondence, July-August 1947

Comprises items 8998-9111.

Folder 69 General correspondence, September-October 1947

Comprises items 9112-9224.

Folder 70 General correspondence, November-December 1947

Comprises items 9225-9386.

Folder 71 General correspondence, January-February 1948

Comprises items 9387-9513.

Folder 72 General correspondence, March-April 1948

Comprises items 9514-9665.

Folder 73 General correspondence, May-June 1948

Comprises items 9666-9752.

Folder 74 General correspondence, July-August 1948

Comprises items 9753-9830.

Folder 75 General correspondence, September-October 1948

Comprises items 9831-9976.

Folder 76 General correspondence, November-December 1948

Comprises items 9977-10109.

Folder 77 General correspondence, January-February 1949

Comprises items 10110-10273.

Folder 78 General correspondence, March-April 1949

Comprises items 10274-10376.

Folder 79 General correspondence, May-June 1949

Comprises items 10377-10483.

Folder 80 General correspondence, July-August 1949

Comprises items 10484-10618.

Folder 81 General correspondence, September-October 1949

Comprises items 10619-10720.

Folder 82 General correspondence, November-December 1949

Comprises items 10721-10813.

Folder 83 General correspondence, January-June 1950

Comprises items 10814-10966.

Folder 84 General correspondence, July-September 1950

Comprises items 10967-11116.

Folder 85 General correspondence, October-November 1950

Comprises items 11117-11249.

Folder 86 General correspondence, December 1950

Comprises items 11250-11323.

Folder 87 General correspondence, January 1951

Comprises items 11324-11430.

Folder 88 General correspondence, February 1951

Comprises items 11431-11517.

Folder 89 General correspondence, March-April 1951

Comprises items 11518-11626.

Folder 90 General correspondence, May-June 1951

Comprises items 11627-11762.

Folder 91 General correspondence, July-August 1951

Comprises items 11763-11896.

Folder 92 General correspondence, September-October 1951

Comprises items 11897-12037.

Folder 93 General correspondence, November-December 1951

Comprises items 12038-12160.

Folder 94 General correspondence, January-March 1952

Comprises items 12161-12283.

Folder 95 General correspondence, April-June 1952

Comprises items 12284-12375.

Folder 96 General correspondence, July-August 1952

Comprises items 12376-12492.

Folder 97 General correspondence, October-December 1952

Comprises items 12493-12675.

Folder 98 General correspondence, n.d.

Comprises items 12676-12734.

Series 2 Financial papers, 1904-1952

Hughes' financial papers consist of quite a large body of correspondence, receipts, cheque butts, bank books, income tax forms, company circulars and prospectuses, and lists of donations. The series has been arranged in date order, although in some instances, where accounts and receipts have been clipped together, these have been filed by the date of the initial account. The series ends with a bundle of loose cuttings titled 'Private finance'.

Where appropriate, financial papers have been filed in other series. All accounts addressed to Dame Mary Hughes (regardless of who settled them) are in Series 13. Cheque books used by Hughes during his trips overseas are in the series devoted to them. Some miscellaneous cheque butts and books can also be found in Series 50. Financial correspondence with Amalgamated Wireless of Australia Pty Ltd is in Series 31.

Hughes' financial correspondents include car hire firms, companies of which he was a shareholder, the Taxation Commissioner, business houses, tradesmen, the Public Service Board, municipal councils, publishers, newspapers, assurance companies, the Commonwealth Bank, the Clerk of the House of Representatives, and the Department of the Prime Minister, share-brokers such as Arthur Long, E. L. & C. Baillieu, W. F. Dawson, and Arthur Tilley, and solicitors such as D. R. Hall & Co. and Blake & Riggall.

Folder 1 Financial papers, 1904-1919

Comprises items 1-125.

Folder 2 Financial papers, 1920-1922

Comprises items 126-234.

Folder 3 Financial papers, January-July 1923

Comprises items 235-363.

Folder 4 Financial papers, August-December 1923

Comprises items 364-506.

Folder 5 Financial papers, 1924

Comprises items 507-555.

Folder 6 Financial papers, January-August 1925

Comprises items 556-636.

Folder 7 Financial papers, September-December 1925

Comprises items 637-723.

Folder 8 Financial papers, January-May 1926

Comprises items 724-818.

Folder 9 Financial papers, June-December 1926

Comprises items 819-966.

Folder 10 Financial papers, 1927

Comprises items 967-1026.

Folder 11 Financial papers, 1928

Comprises items 1027-1087.

Folder 12 Financial papers, 1929

Comprises items 1088-1168.

Folder 13 Financial papers, 1930

Comprises items 1169-1200.

Folder 14 Financial papers, 1931

Comprises items 1201-1239.

Folder 15 Financial papers, 1932

Comprises items 1240-1262.

Folder 16 Financial papers, 1933

Comprises items 1263-1364.

Folder 17 Financial papers, 1934

Comprises items 1365-1447.

Folder 18 Financial papers, 1935

Comprises items 1448-1607.

Folder 19 Financial papers, 1936

Comprises items 1608-1709.

Folder 20 Financial papers, 1937

Comprises items 1710-1818.

Folder 21 Financial papers, 1938

Comprises items 1819-1881.

Folder 22 Financial papers, 1939

Comprises items 1882-1993.

Folder 23 Financial papers, 1940

Comprises items 1994-2143.

Folder 24 Financial papers, 1940

Comprises items 2144-2295.

Folder 25 Financial papers, 1941

Comprises items 2296-2496.

Folder 26 Financial papers, 1941

Comprises items 2497-2648.

Folder 27 Financial papers, 1942

Comprises items 2649-2762.

Folder 28 Financial papers, 1942

Comprises items 2763-2863.

Folder 29 Financial papers, 1943

Comprises items 2864-3016.

Folder 30 Financial papers, 1944

Comprises items 3017-3173.

Folder 31 Financial papers, 1944

Comprises items 3174-3317.

Folder 32 Financial papers, 1945

Comprises items 3318-3454.

Folder 33 Financial papers, 1946

Comprises items 3455-3652.

Folder 34 Financial papers, 1946

Comprises items 3653-3839.

Folder 35 Financial papers, 1946

Comprises items 3840-3939.

Folder 36 Financial papers, 1947

Comprises items 3940-4060.

Folder 37 Financial papers, 1947

Comprises items 4061-4205.

Folder 38 Financial papers, 1947

Comprises items 4206-4367.

Folder 39 Financial papers, 1947

Comprises items 4368-4547.

Folder 40 Financial papers, 1948

Comprises items 4548-4761.

Folder 41 Financial papers, 1948

Comprises items 4762-4945.

Folder 42 Financial papers, 1948

Comprises items 4946-5109.

Folder 43 Financial papers, 1949

Comprises items 5110-5251.

Folder 44 Financial papers, 1949

Comprises items 5252-5396.

Folder 45 Financial papers, 1949

Comprises items 5397-5560.

Folder 46 Financial papers, 1950

Comprises items 5561-5653.

Folder 47 Financial papers, 1951

Comprises items 5654-5759.

Folder 48 Financial papers, 1952

Comprises items 5760-5808.

Folder 49 Financial papers, n.d.

Comprises items 5809-5852.

Folder 50 Newscuttings, June 1941

Includes cuttings on the financial market, companies and company profits from the major Australian newspapers. Originally classified as 'Private finance'.

Comprises items 5853-5892.

Folder 51 Newscuttings, July 1941

Includes cuttings on the financial market, companies and company profits from the major Australian newspapers. Originally classified as 'Private finance'.

Comprises items 5893-5929.

Folder 52 Newscuttings, August-September 1941

Includes cuttings on the financial market, companies and company profits from the major Australian newspapers. Originally classified as 'Private finance'.

Comprises items 5930-6006.

Folder 53 Newscuttings, October 1941

Includes cuttings on the financial market, companies and company profits from the major Australian newspapers. Originally classified as 'Private finance'.

Comprises items 6007-6042.

Folder 54 Newscuttings, November 1941

Includes cuttings on the financial market, companies and company profits from the major Australian newspapers. Originally classified as 'Private finance'.

Comprises items 6043-6082.

Folder 55 Newscuttings, 6-11 April 1942

Includes cuttings on the financial market, companies and company profits from the major Australian newspapers. Originally classified as 'Private finance'.

Comprises items 6083-6090.

Series 3 Birthday and congratulatory correspondence, 1916-1952

The series consists of letters and telegrams to Hughes congratulating him on his various achievements, copies of some of his replies and of some of his own congratulatory letters and telegrams. There are also lists of people to whom these replies were to be sent. The correspondence covers 1916-1952, and is arranged in date order with undated letters placed last.

Most of the letters and telegrams were received in the 1940s and are birthday greetings and congratulations. The remainder congratulate Hughes on successes at elections, appointments to ministerial office, parliamentary and Empire continuous service records and election to the leadership of the United Australia Party in November 1941. The correspondents are friends, politicians, former staff members, soldiers, organisations, and many others with whom Hughes was associated during his public life.

Folder 1 Congratulatory letters, December 1916-December 1939

Comprises items 1-78.

Folder 2 Congratulatory letters, January-December 1940

Comprises items 79-99.

Folder 3 Congratulatory letters, January 1941

Comprises items 100-204.

Folder 4 Congratulatory letters, January 1941

Comprises items 205-323.

Folder 5 Congratulatory letters, January-March 1941

Comprises items 324-364.

Folder 6 Congratulatory letters, September 1941

Comprises items 365-437.

Folder 7 Congratulatory letters, September 1941

Comprises items 438-570.

Folder 8 Congratulatory letters, September-December 1941

Comprises items 571-629.

Folder 9 Congratulatory letters, April-September 1942

Comprises items 630-726.

Folder 10 Congratulatory letters, September-October 1942

Comprises items 727-815.

Folder 11 Congratulatory letters, February-July 1944

Comprises items 816-917.

Folder 12 Congratulatory letters, July-November 1944

Comprises items 918-1011.

Folder 13 Congratulatory letters, 1943

Comprises items 1012-1047.

Folder 14 Congratulatory letters, 1945

Comprises items 1048-1051.

Folder 15 Congratulatory letters, 1945

Comprises items 1052-1108.

Folder 16 Congratulatory letters, 1946

Comprises items 1109-1159.

Folder 17 Congratulatory letters, 1948

Comprises items 1160-1305.

Folder 18 Congratulatory letters, 1949

Comprises items 1306-1398.

Folder 19 Congratulatory letters, 1949

Comprises items 1399-1479.

Folder 20 Congratulatory letters, 1949

Comprises items 1480-1576.

Folder 21 Congratulatory letters, 1950

Comprises items 1577-1656.

Folder 22 Congratulatory letters, 1951

Comprises items 1657-1692.

Folder 23 Congratulatory letters, 1951

Comprises items 1693-1783.

Folder 24 Congratulatory letters, 1952

Comprises items 1784-1897.

Folder 25 Congratulatory letters, n.d.

Comprises items 1898-1904.

Series 4 Diaries and notebooks, 1900-c.1952

Hughes' diaries cover the years 1916, 1917, 1920, 1922, 1924, 1927-1929 and 1934-1951. They are mainly pocket size and only a few contain any strict diary entries. The rest have reminders, addresses, phone numbers, notes, statistics, cuttings and lists of words. Three of the diaries (1942-1944) are engagement diaries kept by Hughes' secretary, and include such facts as the dates and times of Cabinet and party meetings. Other diaries are in Series 23 (1918), Series 13 (1918, 1921), Series 39 (1941) and Series 40 (1938).

The main group of notebooks although undated, clearly relate to the 1930s and 1940s. They contain handwritten and typed notes, statistics, quotations from books, newspapers and Hansards and appear to have been used in the preparation of articles or speeches. The subjects covered vary greatly but certainly cover the recurring Hughes topics like immigration, the British Empire, Japan, the Curtin and Chifley Governments and communism. Two other notebooks can be roughly dated. One (c.1911-1913) contains an incomplete unidentifiable narrative and the second (1925) contains notes on the seamen's strike, communism in Great Britain, the Australian Labor Party and Australia's population.

Two distinct groups of notebooks and two exercise books containing shorthand exercises which were compiled in the early 1950s complete the series. The former begins with a set of six leather notebooks containing material on such topics as war, defence, conscription, foreign policy, industrial arbitration, welfare and communism. They are followed by a set of notebooks compiled during 1924-1925 relating largely to the British Empire and international affairs, and may have formed the basis of newspaper articles Hughes had published at the time as well as to his book The splendid adventure (Angus & Robertson, 1929). A note accompanying these notebooks indicates that notebooks 1 and 3 (in a sequence of 23) are missing from the series and 3 notebooks are not numbered. Other notebooks are located in Series 14 and Series 48.

Folder 1 Notebooks, 1924-1925

Contains notebooks 2 and 4-10 and three notebooks not numbered.

One of the 3 unnumbered notebooks is dated September 1925 which indicates that Hughes continued his sequence of notebooks. It was written after notebook 25 which is in Folder 2.

Comprises items 1-11a.

Folder 2 Notebooks, 1925

Contains notebooks 11-23 and 25. Notebook 25 is dated 8 August 1925.

Comprises items 12-23. However at the time of updating this finding aid (2007) item 17 was missing. It is possible that this could be notebook 24 or a mistake was made when the collection was originally allocated item numbers.

Folder 3 Notebooks, c.1911-1951

Includes notes on the economy; trade; government expenditure and communism.

Comprises items 24-108.

Bag 4 Notebooks, 1923-c.1950

A number of undated notebooks.

Comprises items 109-118.

Bag 5 Notebooks, n.d.

Bag containing 7 diaries missing since 2001.

Comprises items 119-125.

Bag 6 Diaries and notebooks, 1916-1917

Includes notes on health insurance; unemployment insurance; money and monetary policy; the Second World War and war statistics.

Also includes two pocket diaries for 1916 and 1917.

Comprises items 126-133.

Folder 7 Diaries and notebooks, 1920-1929

Date range 1920, 1924, 1927-1929.

Comprises items 134-141.

Bag 8 Diaries, 1934-1939

Comprises items 142-152.

Bag 9 Diaries, 1940-1941

Comprises items 153-160.

Bag 10 Diaries, 1942-1944

Items 161 and 163 are engagement diaries kept by Hughes' secretary.

Comprises items 161-169.

Bag 11 Diaries, 1944-1949

Item 170 is an engagement diary kept by Hughes' secretary.

Comprises items 170-176.

Bag 12 Diaries and notebooks, 1950-1951

Comprises items 177-187.

Bag 13 Notebook, 1937-1950

Notebook 1: includes notes on defence policy.

Comprises items 188-189.

Bag 14 Notebook, 1950

Notebook 2: includes notes on the rule of law and arbitration.

Comprises item 190.

Bag 15 Notebook, 1900-1950

Notebook 3: includes notes and speeches on Australian industry; wool; sugar; Anzac Day speeches and an election speech (1940).

Comprises items 191-195.

Bag 16 Notebook, 1946-1950

Notebook 4: includes notes and speeches on communism; government and socialism.

Comprises item 196.

Bag 17 Notebook, 1950

Notebook 5: includes notes and speeches on defence; foreign policy and the rule of law.

Comprises item 197.

Bag 18 Notebook, 1950

Includes notes and speeches on defence; armed forces and the situation in New Guinea.

Notebook is not numbered but is similar to previous five items which have leather covers.

Comprises items 198-201.

Bag 19 Notebook, n.d.

Text in shorthand.

Comprises item 202.

Bag 20 Notebook, n.d.

Text in shorthand.

Comprises item 203.

Bag 21 Notebooks, c.1947-c.1952

Includes notes on government expenditure; the war; defence; strikes; taxation and defence.

Comprises items 204-212.

Series 5 Writings, 1907-1952

This series contains all of the papers in the collection relating to Hughes' published writing, with the exception of papers on financial matters which are in Series 2. It is divided into two subseries.

Subseries 5.1 Writings by Hughes, 1907-1952

The first subseries chiefly pertains to four of Hughes' five books: The case for Labor (1910), The splendid adventure (1929), Crusts and crusades (1947), and Policies and potentates (1950). Papers relating to Australia and wartoday (1935) are in Series 35. There are drafts of each of the four books, correspondence with Hughes' publishers, readers of the books, people seeking autographs for their copies, and cuttings of reviews. The main correspondents are F. W. Waid, Sir Ernest Benn, Gordon Robbins, Sir Keith Murdoch, Brian Penton and Beatrice Davis.

The remainder of the subseries consists of correspondence with newspaper editors about articles by Hughes and with authors requesting Hughes to write forewords to their books, and cuttings of articles by Hughes published in newspapers and magazines. These include The Daily Telegraph, Life, The Sun, and The Sunday Sun, The Pacific, The Sydney Mail, and The Daily Chronicle.

Folder 1 The case for Labor, 1908-1950

Includes correspondence, notes and typescript drafts.

Comprises items 1-146.

Folder 2 The case for Labor, 1907-1908

Newscuttings of articles (book chapters) by Hughes from The Daily Telegraph.

Comprises items 147-211.

Folder 3 The case for Labor, 1908-1910

Newscuttings of articles (book chapters) by Hughes from The Daily Telegraph (1908) and a letter from the newspaper (1910) giving reasons for non-inclusion of a recent contribution.

Comprises items 212-270.

Folder 4 The case for Labor, 1909

Newscuttings of articles (book chapters) by Hughes from The Daily Telegraph.

Comprises items 271-370.

Folder 5 The case for Labor, 1911

Newscuttings of articles (book chapters) by Hughes from The Daily Telegraph.

Comprises items 371-444.

Folder 6 The case for Labor, 1911-1912

Newscuttings of articles (book chapters) by Hughes from The Daily Telegraph.

Comprises items 445-467.

Folder 7 The splendid adventure, 1928-1951

Correspondence and papers relating to the publication of Hughes book; a paper 'Australia and its immigrants' and notes on migration.

Comprises items 468-551.

Folder 8 The splendid adventure, Corrigenda and notes.

Corrigenda and notes.

Also includes a notebook (1?) dated 24 July 1928.

Comprises items 552-639.

Folder 9 The splendid adventure, 1928

Typescript draft.

Comprises items 640-764.

Folder 10 The splendid adventure, 1928

Typescript draft labelled Volume 1.

Comprises items 765-897.

Folder 11 The splendid adventure, 1929

Volume 1: retyped from corrected copy 1 February 1929.

Comprises items 898-1156.

Folder 12 The splendid adventure, 1929

Volume 2: retyped from corrected copy 1 February 1929.

Comprises items 1157-1408.

Folder 13 The splendid adventure, 1928

Volume 3: typescript draft.

Comprises items 1409-1639.

Folder 14 The splendid adventure, 1929

Volume 3: retyped from corrected copy 1 February 1929.

Comprises items 1640-1872.

Folder 15 The splendid adventure, 1928

Volume 3: typescript draft.

Comprises items 1873-2103.

Folder 16 The splendid adventure, 1926

Typescript draft of 'British Empire'.

Comprises items 2104-2216.

Folder 17 The splendid adventure, 1926

'British Empire' 1st revision (Chapter II).

Comprises items 2217-2333.

Folder 18 The splendid adventure, 1926

'The Empire' : typescript drafts for opening chapter and sundry.

Also includes notes for chapter.

Comprises items 2334-2527.

Folder 19 The splendid adventure, n.d. Typescript drafts of 'Future of the Empire'.

Typescript drafts of 'Future of the Empire'.

Comprises items 2528-2767.

Folder 20 The splendid adventure, n.d. Typescript drafts of 'Future of the Empire'.

Typescript drafts of 'Future of the Empire'.

Comprises items 2768-2940.

Folder 21 The splendid adventure, 1928

Typescript drafts of 'Heart of the Empire'.

Comprises items 2941-3089.

Folder 22 The splendid adventure, n.d. Typescript draft of 'Inter-empire relations'.

Typescript draft of 'Inter-empire relations'.

Comprises items 3090-3165.

Folder 23 The splendid adventure, 1912-1928

Typescript drafts of 'Heart of the Empire' (clear copy and rough copy) and two articles from Round Table (1912).

Comprises items 3166-3365.

Folder 24 The splendid adventure, 1917-1928

First folder includes typescript draft of 'Dominions and Empire' and notes on the Canadian system of government.

Second folder includes rough drafts of 'Future of the Empire' and notes on the Indian system of government.

Comprises items 3366-3533.

Folder 25 The splendid adventure, Typescript drafts of 'Democracy and war' and 'British Empire and the monarchy' and accompanying notes.

Typescript drafts of 'Democracy and war' and 'British Empire and the monarchy' and accompanying notes.

Comprises items 3534-3623.

Folder 26 The splendid adventure, 1913-1926

Includes notes on relations amongst British Empire countries and extracts from Round Table articles.

Comprises items 3624-3697.

Folder 27 The splendid adventure, 1926

Various rough typescripts drafts on inter-empire relations and foreign policy.

Comprises items 3698-3846.

Folder 28 The splendid adventure, 1926

Typescript draft of 'Democracy and war' and drafts for section on inter-empire relations.

Comprises items 3847-3934.

Folder 29 The splendid adventure, n.d. Various typescript drafts on empire relations, foreign policy and defence.

Various typescript drafts on empire relations, foreign policy and defence.

Comprises items 3935-4024.

Folder 30 The splendid adventure, n.d. Typescript drafts and manuscript notes on inter-empire relations and foreign policy.

Typescript drafts and manuscript notes on inter-empire relations and foreign policy.

Comprises items 4025-4091.

Folder 31 The splendid adventure, n.d. Typescript drafts on inter-empire relations, foreign policy and the dominions.

Typescript drafts on inter-empire relations, foreign policy and the dominions.

Comprises items 4092-4198.

Folder 32 The splendid adventure, 1926-1928

Typescript drafts on trade with varying headings.

Comprises items 4199-4293.

Folder 33 The splendid adventure, n.d. Typescript drafts on trade.

Typescript drafts on trade.

Comprises items 4294-4373.

Folder 34 The splendid adventure, 1928

Typescript drafts of 'Empire trade'.

Comprises items 4374-4523.

Folder 35 The splendid adventure, n.d. Typescript drafts and notes for the 'League of Nations'.

Typescript drafts and notes for the 'League of Nations'.

Comprises items 4524-4608.

Folder 36 The splendid adventure, 1928

Typescript drafts and notes on 'Foreign policy' and a draft of Chapter XIV, 'Defence, foreign policy and empire relations'.

Comprises items 4609-4708.

Folder 37 The splendid adventure, 1926

Typescript drafts on 'Foreign policy'.

Comprises items 4709-4858.

Folder 38 The splendid adventure, 1926-1928

Typescript drafts on 'Foreign policy'.

Comprises items 4859-5021.

Folder 39 The splendid adventure, 1928

Typescript drafts on 'Foreign policy'.

Comprises items 5022-5171.

Folder 40 The splendid adventure, 1926-1928

Typescript drafts on 'Foreign policy'.

Comprises items 5172-5308.

Folder 41 The splendid adventure, 1928

Typescript drafts on 'Foreign policy'.

Comprises items 5309-5551.

Folders 42-44 The splendid adventure, 1928

Typescript drafts on 'Migration'.

Comprises items 5552-6141.

Folders 45-46 The splendid adventure, n.d. Typescript drafts on the 'Imperial Conference' and 'Imperial Cabinet'.

Typescript drafts on the 'Imperial Conference' and 'Imperial Cabinet'.

Comprises items 6142-6407.

Folder 47 The splendid adventure, n.d. Typescript drafts on the 'Imperial Conference' and 'The future'.

Typescript drafts on the 'Imperial Conference' and 'The future'.

Comprises items 6408-6490.

Folder 48 The splendid adventure, n.d. Typescript drafts on 'Heart of the Empire'.

Typescript drafts on 'Heart of the Empire'.

Comprises items 6491-6582.

Folder 49 The splendid adventure, n.d. Typescript drafts on the 'Imperial Conference' and 'Imperial Cabinet'.

Typescript drafts on the 'Imperial Conference' and 'Imperial Cabinet'.

Comprises items 6583-6767.

Folders 50-51 The splendid adventure, n.d. Typescript drafts on the 'Imperial Conference'.

Typescript drafts on the 'Imperial Conference'.

Comprises items 6768-7001.

Folder 52 The splendid adventure, n.d. Typescript drafts and notes on the 'Imperial Conference' and the 'Imperial Court of Appeal.

Typescript drafts and notes on the 'Imperial Conference' and the 'Imperial Court of Appeal.

Comprises items 7002-7091.

Folder 53 The splendid adventure, n.d. Typescript drafts on the 'Peace Conference'.

Typescript drafts on the 'Peace Conference'.

Comprises items 7092-7205.

Folder 54 Crusts and crusades, 1935-1951

Includes correspondence with publishers and congratulatory letters .

Comprises items 7206-7330.

Folders 55-59 Crusts and crusades, n.d. Typescript drafts.

Typescript drafts.

Comprises items 7331-8066.

Folder 60 Crusts and crusades, February-March 1947

Typescript drafts (n.d.) and newscuttings containing book reviews.

Comprises items 8067-8131.

Folder 61 Crusts and crusades, n.d. Typescripts drafts.

Typescripts drafts.

Also includes newscuttings containing reviews of The splendid adventure (1929).

Comprises items 8132-8252.

Folders 62-63 Crusts and crusades, n.d. Typescripts drafts.

Typescripts drafts.

Comprises items 8253-8510.

Folder 64 Policies and potentates, 1949-1950

Includes correspondence with publishers; congratulatory letters and book reviews.

Comprises items 8511-8526.

Folders 65-69 Policies and potentates, n.d. Typescript drafts.

Typescript drafts.

Comprises items 8527-9095.

Folder 70 Policies and potentates, 1948-1950

Includes notes and book reviews.

Comprises items 9096-9126.

Folio bag 70a Newscuttings album, 1923-1927

Includes articles by Hughes.

Volume contains an index.

Comprises item 9127.

Folio bag 70b Newscuttings album, 1924-1927

Articles by Hughes.

Volume contains an index.

Comprises item 9128.

Folder 71 Correspondence, 1923-1952

Correspondence with newspapers and others relating to articles written by Hughes.

Comprises items 9129-9302.

Folder 72 Other writings by Hughes, 1923-1950

Typescript drafts of articles mainly for newspapers and notes.

Comprises items 9303-9450.

Folder 73 Other writings by Hughes, 1930

Typescript and manuscript drafts. Includes an article for Reveille (1930) on Australian troops participation in the war effort in 1918 and a response by Monash to Hughes' article.

Comprises items 9451-9528.

Folder 74 Other writings by Hughes, 1934-1939

Includes typescript and manuscript drafts; proofs for a series of five articles and a copy of an article from The Sunday Sun, 10 September, 1939, titled 'This is why we fight!'.

Comprises items 9529-9589.

Folder 75 Other writings by Hughes, 1911-1932

Miscellaneous articles by Hughes published in newspapers and magazines.

Comprises items 9590-9645.

Folder 76 Other writings by Hughes, n.d. Typescript drafts of articles.

Typescript drafts of articles.

Comprises items 9646-9829.

Subseries 5.2 Writings by others, 1915-c.1947

Typed drafts of articles by people other than Hughes make up the second subseries. It includes Warren Denning's 'John Curtin', W. A. Holman's 'Six years of Labor government', R. F. Scholl's 'The hand behind the mask', Colin Roderick's 'The immortal bondage', and part of an untitled work by Sir Bertram Stevens.

Folder 77 Writings by Sir Bertram Stevens, 1935-1936

Typescript drafts of sections of untitled work.

Comprises items 9830-9992.

Folder 78 Writings by Colin Roderick, - Typescript draft of 'Immortal bondage: the story of Mrs Campbell Praed' later published as In mortal bondage : the strange life of Rosa Praed.

Typescript draft of 'Immortal bondage: the story of Mrs Campbell Praed' later published as In mortal bondage : the strange life of Rosa Praed.

Comprises items 9993-10202.

Folder 79 Writings by J. F. Millington, n.d. Typescript draft of 'The procession of egos'.

Typescript draft of 'The procession of egos'.

Comprises items 10203-10354.

Folder 80 Writings by Reg. F. Scholl, n.d. Typescript drafts of 'The hand behind the mask'.

Typescript drafts of 'The hand behind the mask'.

Comprises items 10355-10715.

Folder 81 Writings by H. V. Evatt, 1915

Typescript drafts of an essay 'Liberalism in Australia ; an historical sketch of Australian politics down to the year 1915'.

Comprises items 10716-10791.

Folder 82 Writings by W. A. Holman, n.d. Photographs, graphs and diagrams to be included in 'Six years of Labor government'.

Photographs, graphs and diagrams to be included in 'Six years of Labor government'.

Photographs include the Holman Cabinet (1913); Neil Neilsen, Member for Yass; members of Andrew Fisher's first wartime conference (1914) and Premiers Holman (NSW) and W. A. Watt (Vic).

Comprises items 10792-10826.

Folder 83 Writings by W. A. Holman, n.d. Typescript draft of 'Six years of Labor government' up to chapter 12.

Typescript draft of 'Six years of Labor government' up to chapter 12.

Comprises items 10827-10968.

Folder 84 Writings by W. A. Holman, n.d. Typescript draft of 'Six years of Labor government': chapters 13-21.

Typescript draft of 'Six years of Labor government': chapters 13-21.

Comprises items 10969-11051.

Folder 85 Writings by W. A. Holman, n.d. Typescript draft of 'Six years of Labor government': chapters 36-42.

Typescript draft of 'Six years of Labor government': chapters 36-42.

Comprises items 11052-11130.

Folder 86 Writings by W. A. Holman, n.d. Typescript draft of 'Six years of Labor government': chapters 22-29.

Typescript draft of 'Six years of Labor government': chapters 22-29.

Comprises items 11131-11219.

Folder 87 Writings by W. A. Holman, n.d. Typescript draft of 'Six years of Labor government': chapters 22-29.

Typescript draft of 'Six years of Labor government': chapters 22-29.

Comprises items 11220-11283.

Folder 88 Miscellaneous writings, n.d. Includes an article by Hughes on the 1921 Peace Conference; 'John Curtin' by Warren Denning; a play 'Perfumes and politics : a not unmusical fantasy' by W. H. Meyers and 'A Monroe doctrine for the Pacific : my American tour' by Mrs Preston Stanley Vaughan.

Includes an article by Hughes on the 1921 Peace Conference; 'John Curtin' by Warren Denning; a play 'Perfumes and politics : a not unmusical fantasy' by W. H. Meyers and 'A Monroe doctrine for the Pacific : my American tour' by Mrs Preston Stanley Vaughan.

Comprises items 11284-11498.

Series 6 Newspapers and newscuttings, 1891-1952

All of the newscuttings in the collection that do not relate to subject activities or events that form the basis of other series are in Series 6. The majority of the cuttings form subject files, which have been arranged alphabetically. A number of the files were formed by Hughes or his secretaries, and these have been added to and new files created where the presence of loose cuttings warranted.

As well as the subject files there are loose cuttings and single issues of newspapers and magazines, an indexed book of cuttings for the period 1909-1927, cuttings files from 1933 on economic, financial and political matters, albums of cuttings titled 'Economic conditions', 'Monetary system', 'Second Front: 6/6/1944' and some containing a small number of cuttings from the 1934-1935 period. Another series of albums contains extensive coverage of recruitment in early 1939. Also included in one of these are 1945 cuttings on the atomic bomb and the Japanese surrender.

Material not itemised includes cuttings files titled 'Personal', newspaper criticism of Hughes, his 50 year jubilee and comment and speeches by W. M. Hughes (cuttings from Publicity Branch, Prime Minister's Department, 1922-1923).

Folders 1-3 Abdication, 1936

Comprises items 1-160.

Folder 4 Aircraft, 1943

Comprises items 161-180.

Folder 5 Allied Works Council, 1943

Comprises items 181-216.

Folder 6 Amusement tax, 1929

Comprises items 217-274.

Folder 7 Army equipment, 1945

Comprises items 275-292.

Folders 8-9 Atomic bombs, 1946-1949

Comprises items 293-349.

Folder 9a Basic wage, 1949-1950

Comprises items 350-421.

Folder 10 Bennett, H. Gordon, 1945

Comprises items 422-442.

Folder 11 Beveridge Plan - British domestic policy, 1943-1949

Includes cuttings on the Beveridge Plan; the Blain Inquiry; General Blamey and British domestic policy.

Comprises items 443-488.

Folder 12 Censorship - Coles secret war cables, 1940-1943

Includes cuttings on censorship and freedom of speech; centenary celebrations on the Darling Downs, Qld and the Coles secret war cables.

Comprises items 489-520.

Folder 13 Churchill, Sir Winston, 1948-1951

Comprises items 521-549.

Folder 14 Churchill, Sir Winston, 1942-1943

Comprises items 550-624.

Folder 15 Conscription, 1942-1943

Comprises items 625-683.

Folder 16 Conscription, 1942

Comprises items 684-718.

Folder 17 Conscription, 1943

Comprises items 719-776.

Folder 18 Cost of living, 1950-1951

Comprises items 777-860.

Folder 19 Curtin, John, 1941-1944

Comprises items 861-924.

Folder 20 Dedman, John - democratic federation, 1942-1943

Comprises items 925-935.

Folder 21 Devaluation, 1949-1951

Comprises items 936-998.

Folder 22 Economy - election of leader, 1935-1943

Includes cuttings on the economy; Anthony Eden and election of UAP Party leader.

Comprises items 999-1056.

Folder 23 Evatt, H. V., 1943

Comprises items 1057-1128.

Folder 24 Fadden, A., 1943

Comprises items 1129-1137.

Folders 25-26 Federal Parliament, 1949

Comprises items 1138-1251.

Folder 27 Floods, 1949

Comprises items 1252-1271.

Folders 28-29 Food rationing, 1943

Comprises items 1272-1386.

Folder 30 Funeral - W. M. Hughes, 1939-1952

Cuttings mainly relating to Hughes' funeral. Some cuttings from earlier years.

Comprises items 1387-1462.

Folder 31 Gold standard, 1934

Comprises items 1463-1465.

Folder 32 Hughes, W. M., 1921-1959

Comprises items 1466-1541.

Folder 33 Insurance, 1938

Comprises items 1542-1557.

Folder 34 Kravchenko, V., 1949

Comprises items 1558-1566.

Folder 35 Lang, J. T., 1943

Comprises items 1567-1575.

Folder 36 McKell, W. J., 1947

Comprises items 1576-1577.

Folder 37 Manpower, 1942-1943

Comprises items 1578-1608.

Folder 38 Mediterranean Front - Menzies, R., 1938-1943

Comprises items 1609-1635.

Folder 39 Miscellaneous, 1912-1952

Mainly cuttings relating to Hughes.

Comprises items 1636-1680.

Folder 40 Miscellaneous, 1910s-1952

Includes cuttings on the war; Evatt and Curtin.

Comprises items 1681-1765.

Folder 41 Miscellaneous, 1920-1950

Includes cuttings on the war; government and politics.

Comprises items 1766-1840.

Folder 42 Miscellaneous, 1942-1949

Includes cuttings on the war; government and politics and unionism.

Comprises items 1841-1914.

Folder 43 Miscellaneous, 1950

Includes cuttings on the war; government and politics.

Comprises items 1915-1992.

Folder 44 Miscellaneous, 1950

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade and economic issues.

Comprises items 1993-2059.

Folder 45 Miscellaneous, 1949-1950

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade and economic issues.

Comprises items 2060-2134.

Folder 46 Miscellaneous, 1943-1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade and economic issues and defence.

Comprises items 2135-2198.

Folder 47 Miscellaneous, 1919-1926

Includes cuttings on trade; economic development and inter empire relations.

Comprises items 2199-2234.

Folder 48 Miscellaneous, May-June 1930

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; economics and comments by General Monash in Reveille on Hughes and troop withdrawal in WWI at the Hindenburg Line.

Cuttings have been indexecd.

Comprises items 2235-2283.

Folder 49 Miscellaneous, 1923

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade and economic issues and the Australian Labor Party Victorian Branch Conference.

Also includes articles by Hughes. Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 2284-2361.

Folder 50 Miscellaneous, 1943-1944

Includes cuttings on the war; government and politics and industry.

Comprises items 2362-2399.

Folder 51 Miscellaneous, March-May 1930

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade and economic issues.

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 2400-2466.

Folder 52 Miscellaneous, 1944-1945

Includes cuttings on the war; government and politics and economic issues.

Comprises items 2467-2543.

Folder 53 Miscellaneous, 1945-1946

Includes cuttings on the war; government and politics and economic issues.

Comprises items 2544-2607.

Folder 54 Miscellaneous, 1929-1947

Includes cuttings on the war; government and politics; trade; finance and economic issues.

Comprises items 2608-2672.

Folder 55 Miscellaneous, 1929-1946

Includes cuttings on the war; government and politics; trade; finance and economic issues.

Comprises items 2673-2732.

Folder 56 Miscellaneous, March-July 1952

Includes cuttings on the war; government and politics; trade; finance and economic issues.

Comprises items 2733-2803.

Folder 57 Miscellaneous, March 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; finance and economic issues.

Comprises items 2804-2863.

Folder 58 Miscellaneous, May-December 1938

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; finance and economic issues.

Comprises items 2864-2929.

Folder 59 Miscellaneous, 1935-1948

Includes cuttings on the war; government and politics; trade; finance and economic issues.

Comprises items 2930-3023.

Folder 60 Miscellaneous, 1923-1924

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade and economic issues and the Australian Labor Party conference.

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 3024-3067.

Folder 61 Miscellaneous, 1924-1925

Includes cuttings on government and politics; Geneva Convention and dominion protocol and manufacturing industry.

Comprises items 3068-3094.

Folder 62 Miscellaneous, 1950-1951

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; finance and economic issues.

Comprises items 3095-3153.

Folder 63 Miscellaneous, May-June 1949

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; finance and economic issues.

Comprises items 3154-3186.

Folder 64 Miscellaneous, 1943

Includes cuttings on the Power Bill; Darlan affair; government and politics and economic issues.

Comprises items 3187-3233.

Folder 65 Miscellaneous, 1950-1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; national service; atomic energy; trade and economic issues.

Comprises items 3234-3270.

Folder 66 Miscellaneous, January-May 1941

Mainly cuttings on the war including government policy; operational reports; the war effort and war loans.

Comprises items 3271-3332.

Folder 67 Miscellaneous, 1943-1952

Includes cuttings on the war; government and politics; trade; finance and economic issues.

Comprises items 3333-3386.

Folder 68 Miscellaneous, September-December 1948

Includes cuttings on foreign policy; United Nations; Indonesia; government and politics and industrial issues.

Comprises items 3387-3413.

Folder 69 Miscellaneous, January-June 1950

Includes cuttings on government and politics; foreign policy; situation in Malaya; trade; finance and economic issues.

Comprises items 3414-3476.

Folder 70 Miscellaneous, April-May 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; foreign policy; trade; finance and economic issues.

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 3477-3518.

Folder 71 Miscellaneous, April-May 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; foreign policy; trade; finance;economic issues and Anzac Day.

Comprises items 3519-3581.

Folder 72 Miscellaneous, April-May 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; finance and economic issues.

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 3582-3659.

Folder 73 Miscellaneous, April-May 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; foreign policy; trade; finance and economic issues.

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 3660-3706.

Folder 74 Miscellaneous, 8-13 May 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; foreign policy; trade; finance and economic issues.

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 3707-3770.

Folder 75 Miscellaneous, 13-19 May 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; foreign policy; trade; finance and economic issues.

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 3771-3826.

Folder 76 Miscellaneous, 1943-1950

Includes cuttings on government and politics; foreign policy; trade; finance and economic issues.

Comprises items 3827-3850.

Folder 77 Miscellaneous, 1945-1952

Includes cuttings on the war; government and politics; trade; finance; economic issues; royalty and the death of King George VI.

Comprises items 3851-3886.

Folder 78 Miscellaneous, 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; Eva Peron and numerous miscellaenous topics.

Comprises items 3887-3931.

Folder 79 Miscellaneous, February 1950

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; economic issues and overseas news items.

Comprises items 3932-3984.

Folder 80 Miscellaneous, 1938-1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; the war; trade; finance; economic issues and the UK economic crisis (1947).

Comprises items 3985-4032.

Folder 81 Miscellaneous, 1917-1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics and the war.

Comprises items 4033-4083.

Folder 82 Miscellaneous, 1943-1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; the war; economic issues; foreign policy and the situation in Indonesia and Malaya.

Comprises items 4084-4154.

Folder 83 Miscellaneous, 1948

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; financial and economic issues.

Comprises items 4155-4199.

Folder 84 Miscellaneous, 1929-1948

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; economic issues and the war.

Comprises items 4200-4232.

Folder 85 Miscellaneous, 1945-1949

Includes cuttings on government and politics; financial and economic issues.

Comprises items 4233-4309.

Folder 86 Miscellaneous, February-March 1949

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; economic issues and the war.

Comprises items 4310-4360.

Folder 87 Miscellaneous, 1926-1948

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; economic issues and the war.

Comprises items 4361-4407.

Folder 88 Miscellaneous, 2-6 June 1948

Includes cuttings on government and politics; cold war; foreign policy; industrial and economic issues.

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 4408-4449.

Folder 89 Miscellaneous, May-June 1948

Includes cuttings on government and politics; strikes; financial and economic issues; cold war; foreign policy; communism and Korea.

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 4450-4512.

Folder 90 Miscellaneous, 1933-1950

Mainly on events leading up to the war; the war and post-war items.

Comprises items 4513-4554.

Folder 91 Miscellaneous, 24-28 May 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; strikes; financial and economic issues; foreign policy and the cold war.

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 4555-4595.

Folder 92 Miscellaneous, 27-29 May 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; strikes; financial and economic issues; cold war; foreign policy and Korea.

Comprises items 4596-4647.

Folder 93 Miscellaneous, May-June 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; industrial and economic issues and the cold war.

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 4648-4668.

Folder 94 Miscellaneous, August 1951-June 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; financial and economic issues.

Comprises items 4669-4698.

Folder 95 Miscellaneous, May-June 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; industrial relations; arbitration and the waterside workers' strike.

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 4699-4735.

Folder 96 Miscellaneous, May-June 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; foreign policy; economic issues; cold war and the waterside workers' strike.

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 4736-4781.

Folder 97 Miscellaneous, 1941-March 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; foreign policy; economic issues; Royal Family and other overseas items.

Comprises items 4782-4857.

Folder 98 Miscellaneous, 1945

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; economic issues; the war; peace process; foreign policy and UNRRA.

Comprises items 4858-4971.

Folder 99 Miscellaneous, 19-21 May 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; foreign policy; economic issues and the cold war.

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 4972-5003.

Folder 100 Miscellaneous, 21-22 May 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; foreign policy; economic issues and uranium.

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 5004-5036.

Folder 101 Miscellaneous, 17-23 May 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; foreign policy; economic and defence issues.

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 5037-5063.

Folder 102 Miscellaneous, 19-22 June 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; foreign policy; economic issues and overseas items.

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 5064-5120.

Folder 103 Miscellaneous, 23 June-10 July 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; foreign policy; finance; economic issues and overseas items.

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 5121-5182.

Folder 104 Miscellaneous, 22 June-11 July 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; financial policy and the Budget.

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 5183-5227.

Folder 105 Miscellaneous, 25-26 June 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; foreign policy; finance; economic issues and overseas items.

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 5228-5278.

Folder 106 Miscellaneous, 25-28 June 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; foreign policy; finance and economic issues.

Cuttings have been indexed. Also includes copies of indexes for previous two months.

Comprises items 5279-5341.

Folder 107 Miscellaneous, 30 June-5 July 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; foreign policy; finance; economic issues and overseas items.

Cuttings have been indexed. Also includes copies of indexes for previous two months.

Comprises items 5342-5449.

Folder 108 Miscellaneous, 6-14 July 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; foreign policy; finance; economic issues and overseas items.

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 5450-5520.

Folder 109 Miscellaneous, 11-23 July 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; taxation; finance; economic issues and overseas items.

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 5521-5583.

Folder 110 Miscellaneous, 24 July-4 August 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; foreign policy; finance; economic issues and overseas items.

Cutitngs have been indexed.

Comprises items 5584-5626.

Folder 111 Miscellaneous, 3-7 August 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; financial policy; the Budget and overseas items.

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 5627-5694.

Folder 112 Miscellaneous, 7-12 August 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; financial policy; the Budget and overseas items.

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 5695-5748.

Folder 113 Miscellaneous, 12-21 August 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; taxation; finance; economic issues and overseas items.

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 5749-5801.

Folder 114 Miscellaneous, 22 August-5 September 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; taxation; finance; economic issues and overseas items.

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 5802-5867.

Folder 115 Miscellaneous, 8-29 September 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; foreign policy; trade; finance; economic issues and overseas items.

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 5868-5917.

Folder 116 Miscellaneous, 12-26 September 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; finance; economic issues; overseas items and Hughes 88th birthday.

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 5918-5970.

Folder 117 Miscellaneous, 3-9 October 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; finance and economic issues.

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 5971-6028.

Folder 118 Miscellaneous, 1947-1948

Includes cuttings on government and politics; foreign policy; trade; finance; economic issues and overseas items.

Comprises items 6029-6087.

Folder 119 Miscellaneous, 1891-1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; finance; economic issues and overseas items.

Also includes an issue of The Daily Telegraph (2 March, 1891) listing delegates to the Australian Convention.

Comprises items 6088-6120.

Folder 120 Miscellaneous, August-October 1952

Includes cuttings on government and politics; finance; economic issues and overseas items.

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 6121-6174.

Folder 121 Miscellaneous, 1942-July 1943

Includes cuttings on government and politics; strikes, unions and industrial relations.

Some cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 6175-6235.

Folder 122 Miscellaneous, 1921-1951

Includes cuttings on government and politics; foreign policy; trade; finance; economic issues; overseas items and Korean war.

Comprises items 6236-6334.

Folder 123 Miscellaneous, 1949

Copy of the Christian Science Monitor, 2 April 1949 and Smith's Weekly, 2 July 1949.

Comprises items 6335-6336.

Folder 124 Miscellaneous, 1926-1934

Copy of The Sun (Sydney), 8 May 1926; The Australasian, 15 September 1928 and a loose newscutting dated 22 November 1934.

Comprises items 6337-6338a.

Folder 125 Miscellaneous, 1926-1950

Copy of the Times Literary Supplement, 17 June 1926 and loose cuttings (1943 and 1950).

Comprises items 6339-6340.

Folder 126 Miscellaneous, 1926-1950

Copy of the Times Literary Supplement, 3 June 1926; The Times (Sydney), 18 May 1944; The Express (Sydney), 18 March 1950 and 28 October 1950 and a loose cutting, n.d.

Comprises items 6341-6345.

Folder 127 Miscellaneous, February-March 1950

Cuttings from The Daily Telegraph containing extracts of Churchill's memoirs published in The Grand Alliance.

Comprises item 6346.

Folder 128 Miscellaneous, June 1952

Copy of The Daily Telegraph, 14 June 1952; the Sydney Morning Herald, 14 June 1952 and pages from Muster, 5 June 1952.

Comprises items 6347-6349.

Folder 129 Miscellaneous, 1945-1946

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; industry; economic issues and Winston Churchill.

Comprises items 6350-6363.

Folder 130 Miscellaneous, 1922-1951

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; immigration and economic issues.

Comprises items 6364-6384.

Folder 131 Miscellaneous, 1922-1948

Miscellaneous cuttings and sections of newspapers.

Comprises items 6385-6396.

Folder 132 Miscellaneous, 1937-1950

Issues of The Voice, August 1937, Vol 2: No 1 and 5, Vol 3: No 2, 4, 5-9 and single copies of The Daily Telegraph, 9 February 1938; The Express, 4 March 1950 and The Century, 25 June 1948.

Comprises items 6397-6409.

Folder 133 Miscellaneous, 1907-1950

Includes cuttings on government and politics; economic issues; the war and overseas items.

Also includes a drawing book belonging to Hughes daughter, Lily, containing drawings dated 1907, which has been used as a cuttings book.

Comprises items 6410-6444.

Folder 134 Miscellaneous, 1918-1937

Various pages from newspapers: The Daily Telegraph (1923-1924); Smith's Weekly (1922); Weekly Illustrated (1937) and the Journal of Commerce (1918).

Comprises items 6445-6452.

Folder 135 Miscellaneous, 1923-1934

Various pages from newspapers: The Sun, 9 April 1934; the Los Angeles Times, 1 January 1923 and the Brisbane Courier, 18 October 1924.

Comprises items 6453-6455.

Folder 136 Miscellaneous, 1922-1923

Various pages from newspapers: Daily Mail, 19 December, 1922; Smith's Weekly, 26 August 1922; Evening News, 2 April 1923 and The Daily Telegraph, 28 June 1923.

Comprises items 6456-6459.

Folder 137 Miscellaneous, 1942-1944

Various pages from newspapers; The Daily Telegraph, 28-29 April 1942 and 7 October 1944 and the Sydney Morning Herald, 28-29 April 1942 and 24 September 1943.

Comprises items 6460-6466.

Folder 138 Miscellaneous, 1942-1950

Various pages from newspapers: The Sun, 28 April 1942 and 4 April 1944; Sydney Morning Herald, 6 May 1941, 28 July 1943 and 20 October 1950 and The Daily Telegraph, 2 October 1944.

Comprises items 6467-6472.

Folder 139 Miscellaneous, 1923-1944

Various pages from newspapers: The Sun, 16 August 1923 and 11 March 1942; Sydney Morning Herald, 2 October 1942 and 27 July 1943 and 25 September 1943; The Daily Telegraph, 11 July 1944 and Daily Mirror, 18 March 1942.

Comprises items 6473-6480.

Folder 140 Montgomery, Field Marshall, visit to Canberra, July 1947

Comprises items 6481-6489.

Folder 141 Mussolini, January-August 1943

Comprises items 6490-6514.

Folder 142 New Guinea, May-June 1945

Comprises items 6515-6521.

Folder 143 Miscellaneous, 1948-1951

Comprises items 6522-6543.

Folder 144 Pacific Front, 1943

Comprises items 6544-6573.

Folder 145 Parliament, June 1943

Comprises items 6574-6623.

Folder 146 Pearce, Sir George, June 1952

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 6624-6627.

Folder 147 Political parties, December 1942-July 1943

Comprises items 6628-6676.

Folder 148 Post war problems, December 1942-July 1943

Some cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 6677-6713.

Folder 149 Post war problems, July-September 1943

Comprises items 6714-6748.

Folder 150 Post war problems, December 1942-June 1943

Comprises items 6749-6794.

Folder 151 Prices control, 1943-1948

Comprises items 6795-6817.

Folder 152 Primary products, June-July 1935

Comprises items 6818-6828.

Folder 153 Primary products, March-June 1935

Comprises items 6829-6970.

Folder 154 Queensland papers, July-August 1948

Comprises items 6971-7024.

Folder 155 Radio, September-October 1948

Comprises items 7025-7036.

Folder 156 Repatriation, 1942-1949

Mainly cuttings from 1943.

Comprises items 7037-7108.

Folder 157 Royal betrothal, July 1947

Comprises items 7109-7111.

Folder 158 Royalty: death of King George VI, February 1952

Comprises items 7112-7128.

Folder 159 Royal family, c.1940-1949

Comprises items 7129-7133.

Folder 160 Royal wedding, November 1947

Copies of The Sun and Daily Mirror for 21 November and the Courier Mail and Telegraph (Brisbane) for the 22 November.

Comprises items 7134-7137.

Folder 161 Royal wedding, November 1947

Copies of the Argus, 21 and 22 November; the Herald, 21 November and The Sun, 21 November 1947.

Comprises items 7138-7141.

Folder 162 Royal wedding, November 1947

Copies of The Daily Telegraph, 22 November; The Age, 22 November and the Sydney Morning Herald, 22 November.

Comprises items 7142-7144.

Folder 163 Soldier's mail, August 1943

Comprises items 7145-7152.

Folder 164 Stabilisation of money, June-July 1935

Comprises items 7153-7157.

Folder 165 Strikes, 1945

Comprises items 7158-7245.

Folder 166 Strikes, 1943

Comprises items 7246-7310.

Folder 167 Strikes, 1943-1947

Comprises items 7311-7367.

Folder 168 Strikes, 1945-1946

Mainly 1945 cuttings.

Comprises items 7368-7447.

Folder 169 Sydney port problem, June 1951

Comprises items 7448-7454.

Folder 170 Taxation, January-June 1945

Comprises items 7455-7498.

Folder 171 Taxation, 1942-1949

Comprises items 7499-7564.

Folder 172 Taxation, January-March 1943

Comprises items 7565-7632.

Folder 173 Timber Royal Commission, March 1949

Comprises items 7633-7636.

Folder 174 Timber Royal Commission, February-March 1949

Comprises items 7637-7687.

Folder 175 Tunisian campaign, May 1943

Comprises items 7688-7730.

Folder 176 Tunisian campaign, 1942-June 1943

Mainly 1943 cuttings.

Comprises items 7731-7782.

Folder 177 Waller, J. K., February 1940

Comprises items 7783-7786.

Folder 178 War effort, Great Britain, December 1942-April 1943

Comprises items 7787-7804.

Folder 179 War effort, December 1942-July 1943

Comprises items 7805-7877.

Folder 180 War effort, January-July 1943

Some cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 7878-7926.

Folder 181 War effort, April-July 1943

Comprises items 7927-7977.

Folder 182 War effort, August-September 1938

Comprises items 7978-8039.

Folder 183 War loans, June 1942-April 1943

Mainly 1943 cuttings.

Comprises items 8040-8070.

Folder 184 Ward, E., July 1942-August 1943

Mainly 1943 cuttings.

Comprises items 8071-8101.

Folder 185 Ward, E., December 1942-September 1943

Mainly 1943 cuttings. Includes notes and draft paper on Ward and the 'Brisbane Line'.

Comprises items 8102-8151.

Folder 186 Waterside disputes, March-June 1943

Cuttings have been indexed.

Comprises items 8152-8231.

Bag 187 Miscellaneous, 1935-1951

Miscellaneous cuttings and magazines.

Comprises items 8232-8236.

Folder 188 Miscellaneous, 1923-1951

Miscellaneous cuttings and pages from newspapers.

Comprises items 8237-8283.

Folder 189 Miscellaneous, 1918-1944

Miscellaneous cuttings and newspapers.

Comprises items 8284-8289.

Folder 190 Miscellaneous, 1919

Copy of The Times (London) with American supplement.

Comprises items 8290.

Folder 191 Miscellaneous, 1902-1952

Includes copies of The Daily Telegraph, 28 July 1937; City Press (London), 25 April 1952 and a coronation supplement from the New York Herald, 22 June 1902.

Comprises items 8291-8294.

Folder 192 Miscellaneous, 1927-1948

Miscellaneous cuttings and newspapers.

Comprises items 8295-8303.

Folder 192a Newscuttings album, 1901-1927

Includes cuttings on government and politics; foreign policy and empire relations.

Comprises item 8304.

Folder 193 Miscellaneous, 1931-1933

Includes cuttings on public works; trade; monetary and financial issues.

Mainly 1933 cuttings.

Comprises cutting 8305 and the remainder of the file is not itemised.

Folder 194 Miscellaneous, 1933

Includes cuttings on trade and industry; monetary and financial issues.

Cuttings not itemised.

Folder 195 Miscellaneous, 1931-1933

Miscellaneous cuttings and pages from newspapers.

Cuttings not itemised.

Folder 196 W. M. Hughes, personal cuttings, 1943-1949

Cuttings not itemised.

Folder 197 W. M. Hughes, personal cuttings, 1939-1943

Cuttings not itemised.

Folder 198 W. M. Hughes, personal cuttings, 1938-1939

Cuttings not itemised.

Folder 199 W. M. Hughes, personal cuttings, 1909-1938

Cuttings not itemised.

Folder 200 Miscellaneous, 1932-1951

Cuttings not itemised.

Folder 201 Miscellaneous, September 1949

Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; industry; economic issues and overseas items.

Cuttings not itemised.

Folder 202 Miscellaneous, 1923-1949

Includes cuttings on Hughes prepared by the Publicity Branch, Prime Minister's Department, 1922-1923.

Cuttings not itemised.

Folder 203 W. M. Hughes, 1922-1923

Cuttings prepared by the Publicity Branch, Prime Minister's Department, 1922-1923.

Cuttings not itemised.

Folder 204 W. M. Hughes, personal cuttings, 1913-1949

Includes a folder of cuttings relating to Hughes' 50 years in Parliament.

Cuttings not itemised.

Folder 205 Miscellaneous, June 1940

Mainly relating to World War II.

Cuttings not itemised.

Folder 206 Miscellaneous, June-July 1940

Mainly relating to World War II.

Cuttings not itemised.

Folder 207 Newspaper cuttings on trips abroad, 1932

Cuttings not itemised.

Folder 208 W. M. Hughes, October-November 1922

Cuttings prepared by the Publicity Branch, Prime Minister's Department, 1922.

Cuttings not itemised.

Folder 209 W. M. Hughes, comments and speeches, October-November 1922

Cuttings prepared by the Publicity Branch, Prime Minister's Department, 1922.

Cuttings not itemised.

Bag 210 Newscuttings album, titled 'Economic conditions', November 1934-March 1935

Includes cuttings on economic conditions; trade and industry.

Comprises item 8306.

Bag 211 Newscuttings album, titled ' The monetary system', January-March 1935

Includes cuttings on the monetary system and gold prices.

Comprises item 8307.

Bag 212 Newscuttings album, titled 'The Second Front', June 1944

Cuttings on the war in Europe in 1944 and the allied invasion.

Comprises item 8308.

Bag 213 Newscuttings album titled 'Invalid and old-age pensions', January-March 1935

Contains only a small number of cuttings.

Comprises item 8309.

Bag 214 Newscuttings album titled 'Primary products', January-March 1935

Contains only a small number of cuttings.

Comprises item 8310.

Bag 215 Newscuttings album titled 'Miscellaneous', October 1934-March 1935

Contains only a small number of cuttings.

Comprises items 8311.

Bag 216 Newscuttings album titled 'Recruitment campaign', January 1939

Cuttings on 1939 recruitment campaign to increase Commonwealth militia forces and defence policy.

Comprises item 8312.

Bag 217 Newscuttings album titled 'Recruitment campaign', 1939-1945

Cuttings on 1939 recruitment campaign to increase Commonwealth militia forces and defence policy.

Also includes cuttings on the atomic bomb and the Japanese surrender.

Comprises item 8313.

Bag 218 Newscuttings album titled 'Recruitment campaign', January-February 1939

Cuttings on 1939 recruitment campaign to increase Commonwealth militia forces and defence policy.

Comprises item 8314.

Bag 219 Newscuttings album, January-February 1939

Cuttings on 1939 recruitment campaign to increase Commonwealth militia forces and defence policy.

Comprises item 8315.

Bag 220 Newscuttings album, January-February 1939

Cuttings on 1939 recruitment campaign to increase Commonwealth militia forces and defence policy.

Comprises item 8316.

Bag 221 Newscuttings album, February 1939

Cuttings on 1939 recruitment campaign to increase Commonwealth militia forces and defence policy.

Comprises items 8317.

Bag 222 Newscuttings album titled 'Recruitment campaign', January-February 1939

Cuttings on 1939 recruitment campaign to increase Commonwealth militia forces and defence policy.

Comprises item 8318.

Bag 223 Newscuttings album titled 'Japanese surrender', February 1939-September 1945

Includes cuttings on the Japanese surrender as well as the recruitment campaign of 1939.

Also includes two copies of the Sydney Morning Herald, 16 August 1945.

Comprises item 8319.

Bag 224 Newscuttings album, February 1939

Cuttings on 1939 recruitment campaign to increase Commonwealth militia forces and defence policy.

Comprises item 8320.

Bag 225 Newscuttings album, February-March 1939

Cuttings on 1939 recruitment campaign to increase Commonwealth militia forces and defence policy.

Comprises item 8321.

Bag 226 Newscuttings album, 1934-1942

Album entitled 'Defence'. Contains cuttings from pre-war and war period.

Comprises item 8322.

Series 7 Speeches and broadcasts, 1910-1952

Hughes was well known as an entertaining and at times inspiring speaker and, in addition to many addresses to Parliament and to election rallies, he spoke on a wide variety of subjects to innumerable conventions, dinners, gatherings of various sorts, and ceremonies. A description of the way in which Hughes prepared his talks is given by three of his secretaries, Olga Northam, H. V. Howe, and Morris West, in John Thompson's radio feature A political triptych - panel 3: they worked for Billy Hughes (1962, pp.18-20). The evidence of their preparation (at times equally puzzling) constitutes this series. It consists of a mixture of research notes, statistics, extracts from books, articles and newspapers and drafts and texts. Wherever appropriate, letters discussing speeches, research material and texts of speeches and broadcasts have been placed in other series. Letters inviting Hughes to speak are in Series 1.

Many speeches and broadcasts are on world affairs, especially World War II, but topics like post war development, the Constitution, democracy, the Red Cross, the development of Northern Australia, Welsh culture, and human nature are also covered. Included in a group of Hughes' published talks are Keith Murdoch's ' The day' and after: war speeches of the Rt Hon. W. M. Hughes (Cassell and Co., 1916), broadcasts such as ABC jubilee celebrations (December 1950), and Winston Churchill: warrior-statesman (1941?), and speeches such as Britain has not failed (February 1942) and a Policy for Australia (January 1925).

The final part of the series is made up of speeches - published, typescript, or roneoed - by others. There are many parliamentary deliveries by Curtin and Menzies in particular, and speeches by L. S. Amery, J. Dooley and the Duke of Windsor. Where possible, the material has been arranged in chronological order. There is, however, a large body of material which is undated, or difficult to date precisely. Only a few folios in this series were numbered with the bulk of the papers unnumbered. Some re-arrangement of these folios has occurred and many items are now out of sequence.

Folder 1 Speeches, 1910-1918

Subjects include limitations of the Commonwealth Conciliation and Arbitration Act and an Empire Day speech (c.1917).

Folder 2 Speeches, 1920s

Subjects include Australian inventiveness; efficiency; unemployment; the church; world affairs and the League of Nations.

Folder 3 Speeches and notes, 1921-c.1927

Subjects include labour and capital; Anzac Day and the opening of the new parliament in Canberra, 1927.

Folder 4 Speeches and notes on Egypt, 1920s
Folder 5 Speeches, 1928-1929

Includes text of speeches from Hansard and opening address at Conference of Commonwealth and State Governments, 1929.

Folder 6 Speeches and notes on India, 1928
Folder 7 Speeches and notes on the Maritime Industries Bill, 1929
Folder 8 Speeches and notes on the Maritime Industries Bill, 1929

Includes second reading speech from Hansard.

Folder 9 Speeches and notes, 1932-1935

Subjects include the depression and the international political situation.

Folder 10 Speeches and notes, 1936

Subjects include the growth of Australian industries; the Dried Fruits Case and Australia in 50 years time.

Folder 11 Broadcasts, speeches and notes, 1937

Subjects include Cessnock Show; Armistice Day; Anzac Day; world affairs and the possibility of war.

Folder 12 Broadcasts, speeches and notes, c.1937-1938

Subjects include Anzac Day; Armistice Day and the effect of war on Australia and Britain.

Folder 13 Broadcasts and speeches, 1938

Subjects include freedom of speech; foreign policy and the effect of war on Australia and Britain.

Folder 14 Broadcasts and speeches, 1938

Subjects include Anzac Day; inter-war period and the impending war in Europe.

Folder 15 Broadcasts and speeches, 1938

Subjects include defence; situation in Europe; effect of war on Australia and Britain and foreign policy.

Folder 16 Speeches and notes, 1931

Subjects include Treaty of Versailles.

Folder 17 Broadcasts, January 1939

Subjects include foreign policy; democracy and war and the international situation in early 1939.

Folder 18 Broadcasts, February-March 1939

Subjects include foreign policy; democracy and war and the international situation in early 1939.

Folder 19 Broadcasts and speeches, 1939

Subjects include the international situation in early 1939; the Australian economy and the outbreak of war.

Folder 20 Broadcasts, speeches and notes, 1939

Subjects include the outbreak of war and the death of Joseph Lyons.

Folder 21 Broadcasts and speeches, 1939-c.1942

Subjects include conscription; the defence of Australia and the war.

Folder 22 Speeches, 1920s-1930s

Subjects include Anzac Day.

Folder 23 Speeches, 1930s

Subjects include international political situation, peace and the impending war.

Folder 24 Speeches, 1930s

Subjects include the British Empire; the international political situation and the impending war.

Folder 25 Speeches, 1930s

Subjects include the British Empire and the church.

Folder 26 Speeches and notes, 1930s

Subjects include the British Empire; democracy, fascism and communism and Australia and world problems.

Folder 27 Broadcasts and speeches, January-May 1940

Subjects include Sir Littleton Groom and the war.

Folder 28 Broadcasts and speeches, June-August 1940

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 29 Broadcasts and speeches, 1940

Subjects include the war and Sir John Monash.

Folder 30 Broadcasts, speeches and newscuttings, 1940

Subjects include the war; the courage of the British people; Sir John Monash and a review of the war situation by Winston Churchill.

Folder 31 Broadcasts and speeches, 1940

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 32 Broadcasts and speeches, January-February 1941

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 33 Broadcasts and speeches, March-April 1941

Subjects include the war and Anzac Day.

Folder 34 Broadcasts and speeches, June-July 1941

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 35 Broadcasts and speeches, August-September 1941

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 36 Speeches, November-December 1941

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 37 Speeches, 1941

Subjects include war loans appeal and Atlantic Charter.

Folder 38 Broadcasts and speeches, January-March 1942

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 39 Broadcasts and speeches, April 1942

Subjects mainly war related and includes Anzac Day and war loans.

Folder 40 Broadcasts and speeches, May-June 1942

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 41 Speeches, July 1942

Subjects mainly war related. Also includes American Independence Day.

Folder 42 Broadcasts and speeches, August-December 1942

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 43 Broadcasts and speeches, c.1942

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 44 Speeches and notes, c.1942

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 45 Speeches, January-February 1943

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 46 Broadcasts and speeches, March-May 1943

Subjects mainly war related. Also includes Anzac Day speeches.

Folder 47 Broadcasts and speeches, May 1943

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 48 Broadcasts and speeches, June-July 1943

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 49 Broadcasts and speeches, August-September 1943

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 50 Speeches, 1943

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 51 Broadcasts and notes, January-April 1944

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 52 Broadcasts and speeches, May-December 1944

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 53 Speeches and notes, c.1942-1944

Subjects include economic trends in the USA; economic statistics and post-war reconstruction.

Folder 54 Speeches and notes, 1943-1944

Subjects include economic trends in the USA; economic statistics; taxation and the war.

Folder 55 Broadcasts, speeches and notes, 1944

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 56 Broadcasts, speeches and notes, 1945

Subjects include the war; Anzac Day; end of the war and foreign policy.

Folder 57 Broadcasts, speeches and notes, 1945

Subjects include the war; employment of returned soldiers; Empire Day and Lloyd George.

Folder 58 Speeches and notes, 1940s

Subjects include the war; Anzac Day and Armistice Day.

Folder 59 Speeches and notes, 1940s

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 60 Broadcasts and speeches, 1940s

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 61 Speeches, 1940s

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 62 Speeches, 1930s-1940s

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 63 Speeches and notes, 1939-c.1945

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 64 Speeches and notes, 1930s-c.1950

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 65 Speeches and notes, c.1939-1940s

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 66 Speeches and notes, 1930s-c.1950

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 67 Speeches and notes, 1930s-1940s

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 68 Broadcasts and speeches, 1930s-c.1951

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 69 1930s-1940s

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 70 Speeches and notes, January-September 1946

Subjects include post-war problems; Anzac Day; foreign policy and the federal elections.

Folder 71 Speeches and notes, 1946

Subjects include peace; United Nations; world security and Liberal Party policy.

Folder 72 Speeches and notes, 1947

Subjects include the Red Cross and British Empire.

Folder 73 Speeches and notes, 1948

Subjects include Australia day; communism and the Cold War.

Folder 74 Speeches and notes, 1910-1949

Includes miscellaneous speeches from the 1910s-1920s along with material from March-April 1949.

Also includes a printed copy of a speech by Hughes titled U.N.O., Dr Evatt and world peace (January 1949).

Folder 75 Speeches and notes, May-December 1949

Subjects include the federal elections; socialism and government.

Folder 76 Speeches and notes, 1949

Subjects include government policy; economic policy; foreign policy; communism and compulsory military training.

Folder 77 Speeches and notes, c.1945-1952

Subjects include peace; economic policy; foreign policy; Russia; communism and the United Nations.

Folder 78 Speeches and notes, c.1945-c.1950

Subjects include employment; women; post-war issues and foreign policy.

Folder 79 Speeches and notes, c.1938-c.1950

Subjects include unionism; New Guinea; engineering and Parliament.

Folder 80 Broadcasts, speeches and notes, c.1939-c.1951

Subjects include the war and post-war reconstruction; the press; Russia and the mandate in New Guinea.

Folder 81 Speeches and notes, c.1938-c.1951

Subjects include the mandate in New Guinea and Winston Churchill.

Folder 82 Statistics, n.d.

Various miscellaneous statistics on agricultural commodities, industry, population and wages covering the period 1904-1949.

Folder 83 Speeches and notes, 1930s-c.1951

Subjects include the war; post-war reconstruction; Anzac Day and government and politics.

Folder 84 Speeches and notes, 1940s-c.1951

Subjects include the war; Red Cross; Russia and post-war issues.

Folder 85 Speeches and notes, c.1946-1952

Subjects include Parliament and the atom bomb.

Folder 86 Speeches and notes, c.1946-1951

Subjects include primary industry and agriculture and foreign policy.

Folder 87 Speeches and notes, 1930s-c.1952

Subjects include the British Empire.

Folder 88 Speeches and notes, c.1939-c.1944

Subjects mainly war related.

Folder 89 Speeches and notes, c.1944-c.1951

Subjects include post-war problems; peace; Cold War and defence.

Folder 90 Broadcasts, speeches, notes, newscuttings and printed items, 1935-1951

Subjects include Anzac Day; arbitration; treaties; Australian industry and the Snowy Mountains Hydro-Electric Power Bill, 1949.

Printed items include a lecture on Eastern competitions: industrial, political and cultural (1936); an address Do the fittest survive? (1935); a speech by Scullin on Distribution of wool profits, motion of censure (1924) from Hansard and a Digest of decisions and announcements and important speeches by the Prime Minister, the Hon John Curtin (1942).

Folder 91 Speeches and notes, May-August 1950

Subjects include communism; compulsory military training and Korea.

Folder 92 Broadcasts, speeches and notes, September 1950-1952

Subjects include Jan Christian Smuts and jubilee celebration speech.

Folder 93 Broadcasts, speeches and notes, c1949-c.1950

Subjects include recognition of Hughes' 55 years in Parliament; Cold War and Korean War.

Folder 94 Speeches and notes, 1951

Mainly material for jubilee celebration events.

Folder 95 Speeches and notes, 1951

Subjects include Commonwealth jubilee celebrations; world affairs; communism and the Cold War.

Folder 96 Broadcasts, speeches and notes, January-June 1952

Subjects include Australia Day; Anzac Day; Red Cross and the death of King George VI.

Folder 97 Speeches and notes, c.1951-1952

Subjects include the economy; death of King George VI: profile of Australia; defence and the threat of war.

Folder 98 Speeches and notes, c.1951-c.1952

Subjects include England in the days of Nelson; New Guinea and income tax.

Folder 99 Printed material, 1925-1952

Published copies of various speeches and broadcasts by Hughes and extracts from Hansard.

Folder 100 Notes, n.d.

Typed extracts from published works. Includes poems by A. A. Milne.

Folder 101 Speeches and notes, 1920-1951

Unsorted and undated material.

Folder 102 Speeches, notes and miscellaneous material, n.d.

Unsorted and undated material.

Folder 103 Speeches and notes, n.d.

Unsorted and undated material.

Folder 104 Speeches and notes, 1935-1940s

Unsorted material. Subjects include Newcastle; BHP jubilee and the war.

Folder 105 Broadcasts, speeches and notes, 1930-c.1951

Unsorted material. Subjects include the Depression and the war.

Folder 106 Speeches and notes, n.d.

Unsorted and undated material.

Folder 107 Speeches and notes, n.d.

Unsorted and undated material.

Folder 108 Speeches and notes, n.d.

Unsorted and undated material.

Bag 108a 'The day'-and after : war speeches of the Rt. Hon. W. M. Hughes 1916

Speeches arranged by Keith A. Murdoch with an introduction by D. Lloyd George.

Bag 108b 'The day'-and after : war speeches of the Rt. Hon. W. M. Hughes 1916

Speeches arranged by Keith A. Murdoch with an introduction by D. Lloyd George. This volume is missing its cover.

Bag 108c Notebook, c.1930-1932

Includes notes on war debts (WWI) and Australian economic and financial situation.

Folder 109 Speeches, n.d.

Unsorted and undated material.

Folder 110 Speeches and notes, n.d.

Unsorted and undated material.

Folder 111 Speeches and notes,

Unsorted material. Subjects include the Depression and the war.

Folder 112 Speeches, 1930s

Unsorted material. Eulogies/addresses prepared following the deaths of Sir Austen Chamberlain, William Holman and General Sir John Monash.

Folder 113 Speeches, 1930s

Unsorted material. Subjects include Anzac Day; Armistice Day and the death of Sir Littleton Groom.

Folder 114 Speeches and notes, 1930s

Unsorted material. Subjects include the secession of Western Australia.

Folder 115 Speeches and notes, n.d.

Unsorted and undated material.

Folder 116 Speeches and notes, n.d.

Unsorted and undated material.

Folder 117 Printed material, February 1943

Uncorrected Hansard proofs.

Folder 118 Speeches by others, 1926-1950

Includes speeches by Robert Menzies and R. G. Casey.

Folder 119 Speeches and notes by others, 1930s-c.1940

Includes quotes by Hitler.

Folder 120 Broadcasts, speeches and notes by others, 1929-1951

Includes speeches by Sir Earle Page and Sir Paul Hasluck.

Folder 121 Printed material, 1941-1949

Hansard proofs.

Folder 122 Printed material, 1941-1943

Uncorrected Hansard proofs.

Folder 123 Printed material and notes, 1943-1950

Uncorrected Hansard proofs.

Folder 124 Printed material, February 1952

Hansard proofs.

Folder 125 Printed material, speeches and notes, 1941-1952

Includes speeches by Prime Ministers Robert Menzies and John Curtin.

Folder 126 Speeches and notes by others, 1942-1952

Mainly speeches by Prime Minister Robert Menzies.

Folder 127 Speeches and notes by others, 1940-1948

Various speeches and quotes.

Folder 128 Speeches and notes by others, 1943-1950

Includes speeches by Prime Minister John Curtin and Professor D Copeland, Vice-Chancellor, Australian National University.

Folder 129 Broadcasts, speeches and notes by others, 1935-1952

Includes speeches by Arthur Fadden.

Folder 130 Broadcasts, speeches and notes by others, 1917-1952

Various speeches and quotes.

Folder 131 Printed material, 1920-1952

Reprints of speeches and extracts from Hansard.

Folder 132 Printed material, February 1943

Uncorrected Hansard proofs.

Folder 133 Printed material, 1943-1949

Uncorrected Hansard proofs.

Series 8 Christmas cards, 1921-1952

Hughes received a great many Christmas cards of an official and personal nature. The majority of the cards can be found in this series where they have been arranged in chronological order. Those which include a letter, however, have been filed in Series 1. As well as the cards, this series has some mailing lists for particular years along with some telegrams.

Folder 1 Christmas cards, 1921-1928

Comprises items 1-32.

Folder 2 Christmas cards, 1927-1928

Comprises items 33-74.

Folder 3 Christmas cards, 1929-1936

Comprises items 75-127.

Folder 4 Christmas cards, 1936-1942

Comprises items 128-171.

Folder 5 Christmas cards, 1943-1948

Comprises items 172-213.

Folder 6 Christmas cards, 1949-1950

Comprises items 214-261.

Folder 7 Christmas cards, 1950-1952

Comprises items 262-323.

Folder 8 Christmas cards, n.d.

Comprises items 324-368.

Folder 9 Christmas cards, n.d.

Comprises items 369-407.

Folder 10 Christmas cards, n.d.

Comprises items 408-468.

Folder 11 Christmas cards, n.d.

Comprises items 469-499.

Folder 12 Christmas cards, n.d.

Comprises items 500-536.

Folder 13 Christmas cards, n.d.

Comprises items 537-567.

Folder 14 Christmas cards, n.d.

Comprises items 568-627.

Folder 15 Christmas cards, n.d.

Comprises items 628-662.

Folder 16 Christmas cards, n.d.

Comprises items 663-706.

Folder 17 Christmas cards, n.d.

Comprises items 707-739.

Folder 18 Christmas card lists, 1936-1951

Includes personal and official mailing lists.

Comprises items 740-842.

Series 9 Programs, invitations and cards, 1906-1953

This series consists of programs, invitations, visiting cards, name cards, condolence cards, menus and entree cards, and tickets for concerts, balls etc. They refer to the many ceremonies, dinners, receptions, openings, Royal visits and official functions Hughes attended during his long public life.

Christmas cards are in Series 8, and invitations, programs, menus, and assorted cards Hughes received while overseas in 1907, 1916, 1918-1919, 1921, 1924, and 1932 are in other series. Some written invitations and any copies of replies are in Series 1. However, most have been placed at the end of this series.

Folder 1 Name cards, n.d.

Comprises items 1-559.

Folder 2 Programs, invitations and other cards, 1916-1951

Comprises items 560-581.

Folder 3 Programs, invitations and other cards, 1920-1951

Comprises items 582-659.

Folder 4 Programs, invitations and other cards, 1919-1952

Comprises items 660-690.

Folder 5 Programs, invitations and other cards, 1921-1951

Comprises items 691-735.

Folder 6 Programs, invitations and other cards, 1919-1952

Comprises items 736-755.

Folder 7 Programs, invitations and other cards, 1910-1949

Comprises items 756-806.

Folder 8 Programs, invitations and other cards, 1927-1952

Comprises items 807-834.

Folder 9 Programs, invitations and other cards, 1917-1952

Comprises items 835-874.

Folder 10 Programs, invitations and other cards, 1940-1952

Comprises items 875-981.

Folder 11 Programs, invitations and other cards, 1906-1950

Comprises items 982-1039.

Folder 12 Programs, invitations and other cards, 1914-1951

Comprises items 1040-1087.

Folder 13 Programs, invitations and other cards, 1910-1952

Comprises items 1088-1136.

Folder 14 Programs, invitations and other cards, 1925-1952

Comprises items 1137-1230.

Folder 15 Programs, invitations and other cards, 1934-1951

Comprises items 1231-1288.

Folder 16 Programs, invitations and other cards, 1905-1952

Comprises items 1289-1344.

Folder 17 Programs, invitations and other cards, 1908-1951

Comprises items 1345-1415.

Folder 18 Programs, invitations and other cards, 1926-1952

Comprises items 1416-1511.

Folder 19 Programs, invitations and other cards, 1940-1941

Includes copies of replies to invitations.

Comprises items 1512-1579.

Folder 20 Programs, invitations and other cards, 1942-1947

Includes copies of replies to invitations.

Comprises items 1580-1644.

Folder 21 Programs, invitations and other cards, 1941-1953

Includes copies of replies to invitations.

Comprises items 1645-1676.

Folder 22 Programs, invitations and other cards, 1919-1952

Includes copies of replies to invitations.

Comprises items 1677-1816.

Series 10 Photographs, c.1865-1950s

Most of the photographs in the Hughes papers are in this series. The remainder are in Series 1 (enclosures to some general correspondence), Series 22, Series 23, Series 24, and Series 35 (photographs taken on overseas trips), Series 28 (file on 1917 elections), Series 40 (1938 New Guinea trip), Series 46 (Advisory War Council meeting), and Series 48 (Indonesian and Northern Territory files).

This series contains albums and loose photographs of Hughes, his wives, and children (particularly Helen) and group photographs of a meeting of the Lyons Cabinet, the Novars, the visiting French Mission to Australia, Hughes' visit to Western Australia and Moreton Bay (1922), the sinking of the Emden (1914), and Australian exhibits of the British Empire Exhibition (1924). There are also a number of postcards from overseas countries such as England, France and Gibraltar.

The majority of the photographs in the series are undated and do not contain any caption details. A small number of them have been digitised and can be found in the Library's Pictures Catalogue.

Folder 1 Photographs, c.1865-1940s

Includes family and official photographs and some travel postcards.

Also includes copies of portraits of Hughes (aged around three-four) and his parents. The originals of these photographs are in Folder 4.

Comprises items 1-105.

Folder 2 Postcards, 1900s-1938

Mainly travel postcards from England and Egypt.

Comprises items 106-279.

Folder 3 Photographs, 1927-1938

Includes family and official photographs.

Comprises items 280-362.

Folder 4 Photographs, 1860s-1940s

Includes a portrait of Hughes aged around four; his parents; portraits of his daughter, Helen as a child and with her father at the Sydney Cricket Ground possibly in the 1930s.

Comprises items 363-377.

Folder 5 Photographs, 1920s-1950s

Mainly family photographs.

Comprises items 378-401.

Folder 6 Photographs and postcards, n.d.

Christmas card containing an unidentified child portrait and two postcards of Goulburn, NSW.

Comprises items 402-404a.

Bag 6a Souvenir booklet, 1922

Photographs of a visit to Western Australia by Hughes, 18-25th April, 1922.

Comprises item 405.

Bag 6b Photograph album, June 1922

Album presented to Hughes to remind him of 'a pleasant and happy day in Moreton Bay, 9th June 1922'.

Comprises item 406.

Bag 6c Photograph album, n.d.

Album titled 'Engineering enterprise in Queensland', presented to Hughes by Walkers Limited, Engineers and Shipbuilders, Maryborough, Qld.

Includes photographs of the construction of the S. S. Echuca and S. S. Echunga.

Comprises item 407.

Bag 6d Photograph album, March 1936

Album presented to Hughes (Minister for Health and Repatriation) to mark the official opening by him of the Bundanoon A. H. and I. Societies First Annual Show, 20 March 1936.

Comprises item 408.

Bag 6e Photograph album, April-October 1924

Album presented to Hughes showing the Australian Section, British Empire Exhibition, Wembley, London, held in April - October 1924.

Comprises item 409.

Bag 6f Photograph album, November 1917

Souvenir album of Emden photographs presented to Hughes by the Canteen Sergeant of Troopship A41 on 5th November 1917.

Comprises item 410.

Bag 6g Photograph album, December 1917

Album of photographs of 'Bishop's Knoll Hospital, Xmas 1917'.

Comprises item 410a.

Folder 7 Photographs, 1899-1916

Includes photographs of Hughes visiting his old school in 1916.

Comprises items 411-486.

Folder 8 Photographs, 1899-1948

Includes photographs of the battlefields during World War I.

Comprises items 487-518.

Folder 9 Photographs and postcards, 1880-1939

Includes studio portraits of Hughes; the first Legislative Assembly of New South Wales, 1880 and postcards from Gibraltar and Hawaii.

Comprises items 519-582, 609, 611-664.

Bag 9a Photographs, 1918-1935

Includes studio portraits of Hughes taken in Paris in 1919 by A. Langfier (items 583-590); two studio portraits taken in Paris by Henri Manuel, n.d. (items 592 and 593); studio portraits of Hughes and his wife, Helen, taken in London by Vandyk, n.d. (items 593-601); members of the French Mission to Australia, 1918, (item 602); studio portraits of Hughes by Kerry and Co, Sydney, n.d. (items 603 and 604); photograph of a meeting somewhere in Sydney, n.d. (item 605); a Christmas concert at the Hammond Hotel for single unemployed, Sydney, with Hughes being presented with a cake for his wife, December 1935 (item 606) and a portrait of Lord Novar and his wife, Helen, n.d. (item 607).

Comprises items 583-607.

Bag 9b Photograph album, n.d.

Album titled 'Air views of Melbourne and suburbs' presented to Hughes by R. Graham Carey (pilot) and W. H. Hanson (photographer) of the Melbourne Air Service.

Comprises item 608.

Bag 9c Photograph album, August 1926

Album titled 'North Sydney Municipal Council Chambers' presented to Hughes by the Mayor, 10 August 1926.

Comprises item 610.

Series 11 Printed and roneoed material, c.1900-1952

The series comprises mainly books, pamphlets, periodicals, bulletins and roneoed papers. There are 11 boxes (plus one folio item). The subject coverage is broad, but does not include those around which other series are formed. About a third of the series consists of books. Most relates to World War I (David Lloyd George's six volume War memoirs is here), Australian political history, England or Wales. There is also a variety of bulletins, circulars, other miscellaneous printed material and typescripts.

The bulletins and circulars include issues of Canberra Comment, Sane Democracy, Salt, Current Affairs Bulletin, The Palm, Graya Medical Journal of Australia, Ex-Nx, Things I Hear, London Tidings, Australian Business Conditions, Practical Patriot and Canberra Letter. Other printed material includes press releases issued by both government departments and interest groups, parliamentary papers, annual reports of clubs and associations such as the Returned Sailors Soldiers and Airmen's Imperial League of Australia, British Empire League circulars, and the Department of Information's weekly review of incoming short-wave news broadcasts. The latter, as well as bulletins issued by the United States Office of War Information, the Army activities bulletins of the Australian Military Forces and the Department of External Affairs political intelligence bulletins, are examples of the large amount of World War II material in the series.

The typescripts include reports by individuals seeking Hughes' support for various projects, such as Alfred Fry's 'Reconstruction of Australia' (May 1933) and H.C. Mallard's 'Geological report...' (1926).

Series 12 Family papers, 1875-1958

Hughes married twice. In 1886, or thereabouts, he married Elizabeth Cutts of Sydney (thus like Andrew Fisher marrying his landlady's daughter). There were seven children: Arthur, Ethel, Lily, Dolly, Ernest, Charles, and a son who died in infancy. Elizabeth Hughes died in 1906. The second marriage, in June 1911, was to Mary Campbell, and there was a daughter, Helen, born in 1915.

The family papers consist almost entirely of correspondence arranged chronologically, the bulk being letters to Hughes from his second wife, his children, and nephews, nieces and grandchildren. There is only one letter from Mrs Elizabeth Hughes. Letters to Hughes from his wife and children written while he was overseas in 1918, 1919, 1921 and 1924 can be found in Series 23-26 and all letters to Dame Mary Hughes are in Series 13. The letters from the children, mainly Charles and Helen, are full of family news and many refer to financial problems. Birthday greetings from the children are also filed here. There is also correspondence between Hughes and the Commonwealth Bank, C. S. Daley and Sir John Butters regarding a tender his son Ernest sought from the Federal Capital Commission in 1929, letters and telegrams of sympathy following Helen's death in London in 1937 and following a grandson's death in 1940, and letters from solicitors about the children of Hughes' first marriage.

A group of miscellaneous papers follows. It includes Helen's birth certificate, some cuttings on her social activities and some of her school reports, Elizabeth Hughes' death certificate, a draft document in which Hughes makes provision for his three eldest daughters (1925), one of Lily Hughes' school exercise books (1900), a copy of Hughes' birth certificate and will (1930), and some certificates (1875-1877) relating to his attendance at St Stephen's School, Westminster.

Folder 1 Correspondence and miscellaneous papers, 1875-1958

Includes a letter from Hughes' son, Bill, discussing conscription and the war (1917); certificates relating to Hughes attendance at St Stephen's School, Westminster (1875-1877); a school exercise book belonging to his daughter, Lily (1900) and an extract of Elizabeth Hughes' death certificate (1906) provided in 1958.

Comprises items 1-33.

Folder 2 Correspondence, 1920-1925

Includes letters to Hughes from his children and a draft deed (1925) making provisions for Hughes' three eldest daughters.

Comprises items 34-101.

Folder 3 Correspondence, 1926-1927

Mainly letters to Hughes from his children.

Comprises items 102-154.

Folder 4 Correspondence, 1928-1929

Mainly letters to Hughes from his children.

Comprises items 155-227.

Folder 5 Correspondence, 1930-1933

Includes letters from Hughes' children; school reports for Helen Hughes (1929-1930) and a will written by Hughes in 1930.

Comprises items 228-270.

Folder 6 Correspondence, 1934-1936

Mainly letters to Hughes from his children.

Comprises items 271-346.

Folder 7 Telegrams, August 1937

Telegrams of condolence received by Hughes on the death of his daughter, Helen.

Comprises items 347-550.

Folder 8 Telegrams, August-September 1937

Telegrams of condolence received by Hughes on the death of his daughter, Helen.

Comprises items 551-747.

Folder 9 Correspondence, 1937

Includes letters from Hughes' children and letters of condolence received by Hughes on the death of his daughter, Helen.

Comprises items 748-824.

Folder 10 Correspondence, September-November 1937

Mainly letters of condolence received by Hughes on the death of his daughter, Helen.

Comprises items 825-880.

Folder 11 Correspondence and cards, 1937

Includes correspondence, cards and newscuttings relating to the death of Hughes' daughter, Helen.

Comprises items 881-914.

Folder 12 Name lists, 1937

Lists of names of individuals and organisations who forwarded condolence messages to the Hughes family on the death of their daughter, Helen.

Comprises items 915-1042.

Folder 13 Correspondence, 1938-1939

Mainly letters to Hughes from his children.

Comprises items 1043-1104.

Folder 14 Correspondence, 1940-1944

Mainly letters to Hughes from his children, nieces and nephews and grandchildren.

Comprises items 1105-1186.

Folder 15 Correspondence, 1945-1949

Mainly letters to Hughes from his children, nieces and nephews and grandchildren.

Comprises items 1187-1289.

Folder 16 Correspondence, 1950-1952

Mainly letters to Hughes from his children, nieces and nephews and grandchildren.

Comprises items 1290-1345.

Folder 17 Correspondence, n.d.

Letters from Helen Hughes to her father.

Comprises items 1346-1408.

Folder 18 Correspondence, n.d.

Letters from Helen Hughes to her father.

Comprises items 1409-1472.

Folder 19 Correspondence, n.d.

Mainly letters and cards to Hughes from his children, nieces and nephews and wife.

Comprises items 1473-1559.

Series 13 Dame Mary Hughes, 1913-1953

Mary Campbell married Hughes in Melbourne in June 1911. She was the second daughter of grazier Thomas Campbell of Burrangong. In marrying Hughes, according to Fitzhardinge, she provided for him for the rest of his life 'the perfect domestic background'. She accompanied him on his several trips overseas, and in 1922 was created a Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire (GBE) for her charity work during the war. She died in Sydney in 1958.

The bulk of the series consists of letters she received while in Britain in 1918-1919 and 1921, in the USA in 1924, and in England in 1932; congratulations upon the award of her GBE in 1922; correspondence on the Regimental Flag Scheme conducted by Mrs Hughes and the wives of the High Commissioner and the States' Agents General in London in 1918; correspondence concerning groups such as the Rachel Forster Hospital for Women and Children and the Lindfield Women's Service League; Christmas greetings; some financial correspondence and sympathy letters following her husband's death in October 1952. The main correspondents are her husband, Lady Janette Birdwood, Lady Molly Northcliffe, Lady Alice Northcote, Ellis Rowan, Arthur Streeton, Lady Helen Munro-Ferguson, Mary Lyell, Mrs Florence Avery, Sir Ronald Anderson, Evelyn Grant, Mrs J. Wemyss Syme, Lady Enid de Chair, Mary Grant and Christabel Pankhurst.

The remainder of the series is made up of household invoices and receipts, bank statements, telegrams, miscellaneous newscuttings and invitations, three diaries (1918, 1921) and four ladies' passes to the Sydney Cricket Ground.

Folder 1 Correspondence, 1913-1918

Includes a bank passbook (1917); a bank statement for 1914-1917 and a pocket diary (1918) used mainly for appointments.

Comprises items 1-29.

Folder 2 Correspondence, 1918-1923

Includes a diary for 1918 containing addresses and a small number of daily entries.

Comprises items 30-57.

Folder 3 Correspondence, 1920-1921

Includes a diary for 1921 containing addresses, appointments and notes.

Comprises items 58-138.

Folder 4 Correspondence, 1922-1924

Comprises items 139-195.

Folder 5 Correspondence, 1925-1926

Comprises items 196-276.

Folder 6 Correspondence, 1927-1929

Comprises items 277-320.

Folder 7 Correspondence, 1930-1938

Includes two ladies' passes to the Sydney Cricket Ground, 1935-1936.

Comprises items 321-344.

Folder 8 Correspondence, 1940-1941

Includes notes for a talk titled 'Irrigation for the Central West' and a lady's pass to the Sydney Cricket Ground, 1940-1941.

Comprises items 345-495.

Folder 9 Correspondence, 1940-1946

Includes a lady's pass to the Sydney Cricket Ground, 1940-1941.

Comprises items 496-574.

Folder 10 Correspondence, 1946-1947

Comprises items 575-630.

Folder 11 Correspondence, 1948-1949

Comprises items 631-717.

Folder 12 Correspondence, 1951-25 October 1952

Comprises items 718-827.

Folder 13 Correspondence, 27-28 October 1952

Letters of condolence.

Comprises items 828-883.

Folder 14 Correspondence, 28 October 1952

Letters of condolence.

Comprises items 884-952.

Folder 15 Telegrams, 28 October 1952

Telegrams of condolence.

Comprises items 953-1137.

Folder 16 Correspondence and telegrams, 29 October 1952

Letters and telegrams of condolence.

Comprises items 1138-1237.

Folder 17 Correspondence, 29 October 1952

Letters of condolence.

Comprises items 1238-1294.

Folder 18 Correspondence and telegrams, 30 October 1952

Letters and telegrams of condolence.

Comprises items 1295-1372.

Folder 19 Correspondence, 31 October 1952

Letters of condolence.

Comprises items 1373-1423.

Folder 20 Correspondence, 1-3 November 1952

Letters of condolence.

Comprises items 1424-1474.

Folder 21 Correspondence, 4-5 November 1952

Letters of condolence.

Comprises items 1475-1520.

Folder 22 Correspondence, 6-14 November 1952

Letters of condolence.

Comprises items 1521-1580.

Folder 23 Correspondence, 15-30 November 1952

Letters of condolence.

Comprises items 1581-1622.

Folder 24 Correspondence, December 1952-January 1953

Mainly letters of condolence.

Comprises items 1623-1643.

Folder 25 Correspondence, c.1952

Mainly letters of condolence.

Comprises items 1644-1693.

Folder 26 Correspondence and cards, n.d.,

Includes some sympathy cards and miscellaneous correspondence from a much earlier period.

Comprises items 1694-1740.

Folder 27 Correspondence, 1934-1937

Includes a certificate of appointment to the position of Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire and miscellaneous correspondence and printed material relating to this award.

Comprises items 1741-1752.

Folder 28 Financial papers, 1920-1950

Mainly invoices and receipts.

Comprises items 1753-1894.

Folder 29 Correspondence and notes, 1918-1919

Material relating to a Regimental Flag Scheme for Australian battalions proposed by C. E. W. Bean during the First World War.

Comprises items 1895-1958.

Folder 30 Correspondence and notes, 1918

Includes correspondence and notes relating to the Regimental Flag Scheme arranged by states: Victoria, South Australia and Tasmania.

Notes include a diagram of the unit flags and colour samples of materials.

Comprises items 1959-2005.

Folder 31 Correspondence and notes, 1918

Includes correspondence and notes relating to the Regimental Flag Scheme arranged by states: New South Wales, Queensland and Western Australia.

Notes include a diagram of the unit flags and colour samples of materials.

Comprises items 2006-2052.

Folder 32 Correspondence, 1918

Includes correspondence relating to the Regimental Flag Scheme.

Comprises items 2053-2111.

Folder 33 Correspondence, 1918-1919

Includes correspondence relating to the Regimental Flag Scheme.

Comprises items 2112-2193.

Folder 34 Correspondence and notes, 1944-1952

Includes correspondence, notes and prose on religion and Christian Science.

Comprises items 2194-2312.

Series 14 Legal notebooks, 1894-1902

At the close of the nineteenth century Hughes began to read for the New South Wales Bar. He passed his exams convincingly and was admitted to the Bar in November 1903. He had received coaching from J. B. Peden and T. R. Bavin, a law graduate and university medallist from the University of Sydney.

There are ten notebooks in the series. Seven contain Hughes' notes from his reading and preparation for the Bar exams, and four are dated (1901, 1902). The other three are in Bavin's hand and similarly contain research notes. They are dated 1894 and 1896.

Bag 1 Notebook, 1894

Notebook belonging to Bavin.

Comprises item 1.

Bag 2 Notebook, 1896

Notebook belonging to Bavin.

Comprises item 2.

Bag 3 Notebook, 1902

Comprises item 3.

Bag 4 Notebook, n.d.

Comprises item 4.

Bag 5 Notebook, n.d.

Comprises item 5.

Bag 6 Notebook, n.d.

Comprises item 6.

Bag 7 Notebook, 1894

Notebook belonging to Bavin.

Comprises item 7.

Bag 8 Notebook, 1901

Comprises item 8.

Bag 9 Notebook, 1902

Comprises item 9.

Bag 10 Notebook, 1901

Comprises item 10.

Series 15 Politics and unions, 1890-1929

In his early parliamentary career, Hughes represented the Lang Division in the New South Wales Parliament from 1894 to Federation, and in federal politics was Minister for External Affairs in the Watson Government (1904) and Attorney-General in the three governments of Andrew Fisher (1908-1909, 1910-1913, 1914-1915). In the years before his Prime Ministership Hughes was also chairman of several commissions and one of Australia's representatives at the 1907 Imperial Conference on Navigation. Hughes was also associated with several Sydney transport and waterfront unions, and was founding president of the Waterside Workers Federation.

Unfortunately the collection covers only a small portion of the events and activities with which Hughes was associated between 1894 and 1915. With the exception of a small group of papers on the 1913 General Election (in Series 28), political and union material from the period is in Series 15. It begins with a group of letters covering subjects such as the 1907 Imperial Conference on Navigation, the 1909 coal strikes, defence, land taxes, the uniform railway gauge, the International Congress on Labour Legislation (1912), the prosecution of the Coal Vend (1913), the Royal Commission on the Sugar Industry (1911), the 1911 Imperial Conference, wire telegraphy, the coal combine (1912), tables of statistics on tax payers and land values, and the appointment of A. B. Piddington to the High Court. The main correspondents are Lord Dudley, Lord Denman, Justice Higgins, Andrew Fisher, E. L. Batchelor, G. A. McKay, Jethro Brown, J. H. Gordon, B. R. Wise, Sir John Gordon, Charles Powers, A. B. Piddington, and R. R. Garran.

The remainder of the series consists of miscellaneous papers, newscuttings and printed material. It includes information on the Postmaster-General's Department, New South Wales parliamentary papers (1894-1900), some legal briefs and agreements involving the Trolley Draymen's and Carters' Union of Sydney and Suburbs and the Sydney Wharf Labourers Union, a paper by Chas Wickens on old age pensions, newscuttings on the Coal Vend, the 1913 referendum and the sugar industry, and printed items on meetings of the Committee on Imperial Defence (1911), Sir Reginald Henderson's recommendations on the Australian Navy (1911) and a printed Cabinet Minute on the political situation in May 1909. Some Letters Patent and illuminated addresses are also included.

Folder 1 Correspondence, 1907-1909

Comprises items 1-35.

Folder 2 Correspondence, 1910

Includes a copy of a bill 'To make provision for giving effect to the rules and principles declared by the 'Elementary law of Queensland'' (1890).

Comprises items 36-85.

Folder 3 Correspondence, 1890-1911

Comprises items 86-172.

Folder 4 Correspondence and notes, January-August 1912

Comprises items 173-258.

Folder 5 Correspondence and notes, September-December 1912

Includes reports from the Postmaster-General's Department on automatic telephone switching mechanisms and systems.

Comprises items 259-364.

Folder 6 Correspondence, memorandum and notes, February-March 1913

Includes memorandum on the effects of land tax.

Comprises items 365-432.

Folder 7 Correspondence and notes, April-December 1913

Includes a copy of evidence to be given by George Alexander Mackay, Federal Commissioner of Land Tax, to the Dominions Royal Commission, Melbourne, 19 April 1913.

Comprises items 433-510.

Folder 8 Printed material and speeches, 1894-1902

Includes printed registers of bills originating in the NSW Legislative Assembly 1894-1900 and speeches by Hughes on the Immigration Restriction Bill and Act, 1901-1902.

Comprises items 511-577.

Folder 9 Legal papers and notes, 1904-1929

Includes extracts of speeches from Hansard on industrial issues and miscellaneous legal affidavits and agreements.

Comprises items 578-600.

Folder 10 Printed material, notes and speeches, 1907-1910

Includes a copy of a speech 'Compulsory military training from the point of view of an Australian Labor leader', delivered by Hughes at Caxton Hall, Westminster, on 24 April, 1907.

Also includes extracts from Hansard of some of Hughes speeches; parliamentary memorandum; a Cabinet minute [May 1909] advising a dissolution of Parliament and a certificate appointing Hughes as Australian representative to a conference on shipping in London, commencing 26 March, 1907.

Comprises items 601-644.

Folder 11 Printed material, 1911

Includes minutes of meetings (111-113) of the Committee of Imperial Defence, 26-30 May, 1911; recommendations by Admiral Sir Reginald Henderson on the Naval Forces of the Commonwealth, 1911, and a memorandum 'Sea training and the Empire' adopted by the Executive of the Navy League, 2 February, 1911.

Comprises items 645-699.

Folder 12 Miscellaneous notes, papers and printed material, 1912-1915

Includes proposed changes to the Constitution in the 1912 and 1915 referenda; notes on service improvements in the Postmaster-General's Department, 1911-1913, and a paper by Charles H. Wickens on 'National old age pensions'.

Comprises items 700-760.

Folder 13 Newscuttings, notes and printed material, 1913-1915

Includes cuttings on the 1910 Anti-Trust Act and the Vend case and articles against the 1913 referenda proposals.

Comprises items 761-824.

Folder 14 Newscuttings, 1910

Cuttings mainly relating to Hughes' political career.

Comprises items 825-879.

Folder 15 Notes, 1910

Extracts from the daily newspapers on political parties and policy.

Comprises items 880-929.

Folder 16 Newscuttings, 1911-1912

Subjects include politics and government; the Bellinger case and unionism.

Comprises items 930-989.

Folder 17 Newscuttings, 1907-1914

Includes cuttings on Hughes and miscellaneous copies of the Waterside Workers' Gazette 1907-1914.

Comprises items 990-1032.

Folder 18 Newscuttings, 1913

Includes articles on the 1913 referenda; NSW Liberal Party leader, C. G. Wade and his election campaign.

Comprises items 1033-1072.

Folder 19 Printed material, 1907-1915

Includes reprints of speeches by Deakin, Hughes and Pearce from Hansard; a copy of 'Official report of the 6th Commonwealth Conference of the Australian Labor Party', 31 May 1913 and a printed copy of an address by Hughes on compulsory military training (also listed in Folder 10).

Also includes a small diary and almanac (1909) containing limited appointments; two pamphlets on decisions made by the Canadian Parliament on a Canadian Naval Service (1913) and a menu for a luncheon for the premiers of the self-governing colonies in Westminster Hall, 24 April, 1907.

Comprises items 1073-1100.

Folder 20 Printed material, 1907-1915

Includes miscellaneous speeches by Hughes from Hansard ; a copy of Amendment of constitution: federal referendums: for and against (1913) and land value maps for the City of New York, Borough of Manhattan (1910).

Comprises items 1101-1111.

Folder 21 Miscellaneous notes, papers and printed material, 1897-c.1913

Includes a special issue of Punch titled 'The career of the colonial premiers' (1987).

Comprises items 1112-1124.

Bag 22 Newscuttings books, 1903-1909

Three books/albums containing cuttings on government and politics; tariffs; trade; finance; shipping and other strikes.

Comprises items 1125-1127.

NB. Item 1128 is missing or the number was skipped when the collection was itemised.

Piece 23 Letters Patent appointing Hughes a Commissioner to examine the Navigation and Shipping Bill, 13 June 1904

Two copies.

Comprises items 1129-1130.

Piece 24 Letters Patent appointing Hughes as Attorney-General, 18 November 1908

Comprises item 1131.

Piece 25 Letters Patent appointing Hughes as Attorney-General, 13 May 1910

Comprises item 1132.

Piece 26 Letters Patent appointing Hughes as Attorney-General, 28 September 1914

Comprises item 1133.

Bag 27 Illuminated address, April 1900

Illuminated address presented to Hughes by the Early Closing Association of New South Wales for his assistance in the passage of the Early Closing Act.

Comprises item 1134 [Previously held in Series 16: item 4978c].

Series 16 Prime Minister, 1915-c.1925

Although unfortunately not the largest part of the Hughes Papers, the material in Series 16 to 25 constitutes some of the most important as it refers to the period when Hughes was Prime Minister and Australia's chief representative at the Versailles Peace Conference and several important Imperial Conferences.

The papers in Series 16 cover the years 1915-1923 in a general way, and have been divided into two main subseries: domestic policy and administration, and international relations. A third subseries contains illuminated addresses, Letters Patent and miscellaneous material relating to this period. Other related series concern specific policy areas (Series 17-21) and Hughes' three overseas trips as Prime Minister (Series 22-25).

Subseries 16.1 Domestic policy and administration, 1915-c.1925

This subseries has been subdivided by form. It begins with correspondence, arranged in date order, and, with the exception of one or two drafts of replies, consists of letters, telegrams and memoranda to Hughes. Correspondents refer to such things as W. A. Watt's trip to London in 1920 and subsequent resignation in June, the Uniform Railway Gauge Commission, the Holman Government, the visit of the Prince of Wales in 1920, Sir Samuel Griffith's successor as Chief Justice of the High Court, the Commonwealth Oil Refineries Ltd and the Anglo Persian Oil Company Ltd, Australia's population, the administration of Papua, the development of Northern Australia, the procedure for calling meetings of the Executive Council, the implications of the 1922 election results, and negotiations with the Country Party early in 1923.

The subseries includes many of the 'Personal and confidential' letters to Hughes from the two Governors-General of the period, Sir Ronald Munro-Ferguson (later Viscount Novar), and Lord Forster. The majority are from the former, and reveal the extent to which the man interested himself in the policies and day-to-day administration of the Hughes Government. Some of the other correspondents are S. M. Bruce, Earle Page, J. H. Carruthers, Littleton Groom, J. C. Watson, John Thompson, Sir George Knibbs, George Pearce, W. G. Higgs, W. Massey-Green, the Prince of Wales, Dr J. A. Gilruth, W. A. Watt, J. H. P. Murray, Sir Robert Garran, Patrick McMahon Glynn, William Webster, W. Warren Kerr, Andrew Barton, Sir Adrian Knox, and Lord Forrest.

The second grouping within this subseries consists of handwritten notes of cabinet meetings, 1917-1918 and 1920-1922. They record those who attended and Cabinet decisions, and several have typed copies of submissions attached. The notes appear not to be a complete record of entire meetings and are certainly not a complete coverage of all of the meetings held while Hughes was Prime Minister. Many are in his own hand, and others can be identified as the work of Hector Lamond, Senator E. D. Millen, and Arthur S. Rodgers.

A group of miscellaneous papers, printed items, documents and cuttings completes the subseries. There are notes for speeches on Frank Tudor, the Brisbane Conference of the Australian Labor Party (1922) and the One Big Union, and other papers on Oswald T. Ermonde, the Nitrogen Products and Carbide Company Ltd, forestry, the Postmaster-General's Department, agricultural implements, the uniform railway gauge, the deportation of Father Jerger, a deputation from the Returned Soldiers' Association, and the 1919 referendum. The printed material includes a cypher book (1916), parliamentary papers on W. A. Watt's resignation (1920), and on the Premiers' Conference (Nov. 1915), copies of Britannia and J. G. Richert's 'The subterranean waters of Australia' (1916).

Folder 1 Correspondence, 1915-1917

Comprises items 1-45.

Folder 2 Correspondence, 1918

Comprises items 46-127.

Folder 3 Correspondence, 1919

Comprises items 128-188.

Folder 4 Correspondence, January-June 1920

Includes a copy of report titled 'Visit to London of the Rt Hon. W. A. Watt, PC, MP, and resignation of his position as Treasurer of the Commonwealth' (1920).

Comprises items 189-274.

Folder 5 Correspondence, July-December 1920

Comprises items 275-331.

Folder 6 Correspondence, 1921

Includes a preliminary report and sketch map on geological surveys by the Anglo-Persian Oil Co. Ltd in ex-German New Guinea, 21 March-21 September 1921.

Comprises items 332-434.

Folder 7 Correspondence, newscuttings and notes, January-June 1922

Includes a report on the operations of the Commonwealth Oil Refineries Ltd and financial estimates.

Comprises items 435-547.

Folder 8 Correspondence, July-December 1922

Comprises items 548-611.

Folder 9 Correspondence and memorandum, 1923

Comprises items 612-674.

Folder 10 Cabinet meeting notes, 1917-1918

Comprises items 675-725.

Folder 11 Cabinet meeting notes, 1920

Comprises items 726-908.

Folder 12 Cabinet meeting notes, January-June 1921

Comprises items 909-1030.

Folder 13 Cabinet meeting notes, July-December 1921

Comprises items 1031-1089.

Folder 14 Cabinet meeting notes, 1922

Comprises items 1090-1151.

Folder 15 Printed material, 1915-1916

Includes a copy of 'The Subterranean waters of Australia', by J. Gust Richert, (1916); a pamphlet with cover title Amendment of Constitution: Federal referendums: the case for and against, (1915) and a proof copy of 'Summary of proceedings, Premier's Conference, Melbourne, November 1915'.

Also includes a letter of appreciation presented to Hughes during a visit to South Africa on behalf of the Australian and New Zealanders resident in Bloemfontein, n.d.

Comprises items 1152-1160.

Folder 16 Printed material, 1916

Copy of Cypher "A", compiled by Major G. Steward, Official Secretary to the Governor-General and Secretary to the Federal Executive Council.

Comprises item 1161.

Folder 17 Miscellaneous papers and printed material, 1913-1917

Includes various reports prepared for the Nitrogen Products and Carbide Co. Ltd relating to carbide and cyanamide works and carbonisation schemes.

Also includes an issue of Britannia, 9 April 1917; an Australian Red Cross Society Monthly Leaflet, February 1917; a pamphlet American Labor's position in peace or war (March 1917) and miscellaneous parliamentary papers (1917-1918).

Comprises items 1162-1207.

Folder 18 Miscellaneous notes, newscuttings and printed material, 1919-1922

Includes newscuttings on the resignation of Treasurer W. Watt from the Hughes Cabinet; notes and newscuttings on amendments to the Constitution and a deputation from the Returned Soldiers' Association (1919).

Printed material includes a Union of South Africa report Cost of Living Commission: profits report (1919) and a pamphlet Nationalists' speaker's handbook No III: the reasons for the referendum (1919).

Comprises items 1208-1301.

Folder 19 Miscellaneous notes, newscuttings and printed material, 1920-1922

Includes notes and cuttings on various Australian Labor Party conferences including the Brisbane Conference and the One Big Union.

Also includes a certificate for the conferring of the Grand Cordon of the Belgian Order of the Crown on Hughes and a copy of Review of the Australian administration in Papua from 1907 to 1920 (n.d.).

Comprises items 1302-1382.

Folder 20 Newscuttings and notes, 1921

Includes cuttings on Hughes visit to England and Europe in 1921 to attend the Imperial Conference.

Comprises items 1383-1446.

Folder 21 Newscuttings and notes, 1922

Miscellaneous subjects.

Comprises items 1447-1477.

Folder 22 Notes and printed material, Mainly undated and untitled notes and speeches.

Mainly undated and untitled notes and speeches.

Printed items include Proposal to found an Imperial Bank of Industry (1917) and Notes upon the proposed Imperial Bank of Industry (1917).

Comprises items 1478-1553.

Folder 23 Miscellaneous notes, newscuttings and printed material, Mainly undated notes. Subjects include the Postmaster Generals' Department; forestry and the River Murray.

Mainly undated notes. Subjects include the Postmaster Generals' Department; forestry and the River Murray.

Also includes reports on the cases of Father Charles Jerger and Doctor Eugene Hirschfeld, both German internees during the First World War.

Comprises items 1554-1641.

Subseries 16.2 International relations, 1915-1923

This subseries is devoted to international relations, particularly imperial relations, and is arranged as follows: correspondence and cables; subject files; reports and British Cabinet papers; newscuttings and printed material; and petition.

The correspondence and cables subgrouping contains, in date order, letters and cables Hughes received, mostly from London, while in Australia. Correspondents refer to the war situation, proposals and arrangements for imperial conferences, the Chanak crisis of October 1922, the Imperial Wire Chain, the Hague Conference of June 1922, the Washington Disarmament Conference of December 1921, recommendations for British honours, the Lausanne Conference of 1922, and the sale of such products as copper, wolfram, tungsten, whole oil, and glycerine to Great Britain. Most of the cables are copies of decyphered communications Hughes received, often with a covering note, through the Governor-General or his Secretary, or from the Secretary of State for the Colonies, Walter Long. Other correspondents are Sir Ronald Munro-Ferguson, Sir Joseph Cook, George Pearce, M. Clemenceau, Ben Morgan, W. S. Robinson, Mark Sheldon, Malcolm Shepherd, Andrew Fisher, Keith Murdoch and G. J. Hogben. The subject files subgrouping includes other cables, letters, reports and British cabinet papers on aspects of international relations.

The reports and British Cabinet papers subgrouping includes most of the copies of reports, memoranda and Foreign Office Confidential Prints presented to the British Cabinet and sent to Hughes as a Dominion Prime Minister are filed here. Those sent while Hughes was in England or France in 1918-1919, and 1921 are in the appropriate series. Roneoed copies of reports of the Political Intelligence Department of the Foreign Office, and records of the proceedings of the 1917 Imperial War Conference and March-May 1917 meetings of the British War Cabinet are here also. The conferences covered by this section of the subseries are the International Financial Conference, Brussels (October 1920), the Air Navigation Conference (October 1919), the International Economic Conference, Genoa (May 1922), and the Conference on the Limitation of Armaments, Washington (1921-1922). The newscuttings and printed material subgrouping consists mainly of cuttings on international affairs from British newspapers sent to Hughes from the High Commissioner in London. The petition subgrouping includes an illuminated address and three large rolls of signatures of British women placed beneath the petition 'Women's Memorial to the Rt Hon. W. M. Hughes Prime Minister of Australia urging his immediate return to London, that he may share in the management of the War, as a member of the inner and supreme War Council of the Empire' (October 1916).

Folder 24 Correspondence and cables, 1915-1916

Comprises items 1642-1666.

Folder 25 Correspondence and cables, January-July 1917

Comprises items 1667-1744.

Folder 26 Correspondence and cables, August-December 1917

Comprises items 1745-1875.

Folder 27 Correspondence and cables, January-February 1918

Comprises items 1876-1981.

Folder 28 Correspondence and cables, March-December 1918

Comprises items 1982-2121.

Folder 29 Correspondence and cables, 1919-1920

Comprises items 2122-2245.

Folder 30 Correspondence and cables, 1921

Comprises items 2246-2277.

Folder 31 Correspondence and cables, June-August 1922

Comprises items 2278-2360.

Folder 32 Correspondence and cables, September 1922

Comprises items 2361-2437.

Folder 33 Correspondence and cables, October-December 1922

Comprises items 2438-2551.

Folder 34 Correspondence and cables, 1923

Comprises items 2552-2577.

Folder 35 Correspondence and notes, n.d. Comprises items 2578-2637.

Comprises items 2578-2637.

Folder 36 Subject file: Japan, 1917-1922

Papers include British Foreign Office Confidential Prints and reports of the Commercial Attaché at the British Embassy in Tokyo on the Japanese iron and steel industry, two minutes to Hughes by E. L. Piesse of the Pacific Branch of the Prime Minister's Department, and a long paper from the Secretary of State for the Colonies on the 'Organisation of the Japanese Secret Service in China and the Far East' (1922). There is additional material on Japan in subseries 1 of Series 23.

Comprises items 2638-2725.

Folder 37-38 Subject file: reparations, 1919-1923

These files of post Peace Conference papers on reparations comprise British Cabinet memoranda, statistics and copies of cables from the Secretary of State for the Colonies on the occupation of the Ruhr, the activities of the Reparations Commission, and the Spa Conference (1920). There is also a long undated and unsigned paper on reparations titled 'Australia's claim for an indemnity' (1920), containing figures on Australian exports and imports.

Comprises items 2726-2948.

Folder 39-40 Subject file: immigration, 1916-1922

The letters, reports, notes and cuttings in these files concern the British Empire and Commonwealth and State settlement/immigration schemes, the immigration of British women to Australia, and the Million Farmers Objective. L. S. Amery, Sir Ronald Munro-Ferguson, H. S. Gullett, Percy Hunter and Sir Ronald Anderson are the main correspondents. The file also has some examples of language tests used by Australian immigration officials.

Comprises items 2949-3100.

Folder 41 Subject file: India, 1919-1921

This subject file contains a copy of a letter from Lord Chelmsford to Sir Ronald Munro-Ferguson (April 1920), 'Weekly intelligence summaries' issued by the Indian General Staff, 'Weekly reports' of the Director, Central Intelligence, Simla, and some extracts from Indian newspapers.

Comprises items 3101-3123.

Folder 42 Subject file: League of Nations, 1919-October 1920

The League of Nations subject files (Folders 42-46) include copies of papers on the League of Nations presented to the British Cabinet and reports of the Permanent Mandates Commission, the British Empire Delegation and the Australian Delegation to the Third Assembly (November 1922). In addition, there are some papers on the Nauru Island Agreement (1919-20).

Comprises items 3124-3239.

Folder 43 Subject file: League of Nations, October 1920-September 1921

Comprises items 3240-3331.

Folder 44 Subject file: League of Nations, January-August 1922

Comprises items 3332-3455.

Folder 45 Subject file: League of Nations, September 1922-January 1923

Comprises items 3456-3558.

Folder 46 Subject file: League of Nations, n.d. Comprises items 3559-3570.

Comprises items 3559-3570.

Folder 47 Reports and British Cabinet papers, 1917

Minutes of meetings 1-14 of the Imperial War Cabinet, 20 March - 2 May, 1917 (2 copies).

Comprises items 3571-3572.

Folder 48 Reports and British Cabinet papers, 1917

Copy of Imperial War Conference 1917: minutes of proceedings and papers laid before the conference (other than those published in Cd 85660).

Comprises item 3573.

Folder 49 Reports and British Cabinet papers, 1917

Includes various reports prepared for the War Cabinet and proceedings of the Imperial War Conference, 1917.

Comprises items 3574-3662.

Folder 50 Reports and British Cabinet papers, 1917-1918

Includes various reports prepared for the War Cabinet and a 'Monthly report on foreign affairs, July 1918'.

Also includes a copy of Extracts from certain peace statements made since January 1917, prepared by the War Office.

Comprises items 3663-3723

Folder 51 Reports and British Cabinet papers, 1919-1921

Includes War Office and Foreign Office reports on the situation in Europe.

Also includes a copy of Report on the British military mission, South Russia, (1919).

Comprises items 3724-3774

Folder 52 Reports and British Cabinet papers, 1919

Includes various documents relating to the Peace Conference and Peace Treaty.

Comprises items 3775-3845.

Folder 53 Reports and British Cabinet papers, 1919

Includes papers relating to the Air Navigation Convention and the Commission of Enquiry on Freedom of Communications and Transit.

Comprises items 3846-3869.

Folder 54 Reports and British Cabinet papers, 1919-1920

Includes situation reports on Germany, Egypt, the Sudan and South Russia.

Comprises items 3870-3893.

Folder 55 Reports and British Cabinet papers, 1920

Includes War Office and Foreign Office reports on the Peace Treaty and the situation in Europe.

Also includes a report on the International Finance Conference held in Brussels, September-October 1920.

Comprises items 3894-3982.

Folder 56 Reports and British Cabinet papers, 1921

Includes various country situation reports.

Comprises items 3983-4046.

Folder 57 Reports and British Cabinet papers, 1921-1922

Includes various country situation reports.

Also includes reports on the Washington Conference on the Limitation of Armament, November 1921-February 1922.

Comprises items 4047-4115.

Folder 58 Reports and British Cabinet papers, 1922

Includes various country situation reports.

Also includes reports on the Washington Conference on the Limitation of Armament, November 1921-February 1922.

Comprises items 4116-4204.

Folder 59 Reports and British Cabinet papers, February 1922

Includes various country situation reports.

Also includes reports on the Washington Conference on the Limitation of Armament, November 1921-February 1922 and the International Economic Conference, Genoa, May 1922.

Comprises items 4205-4275.

Folder 60 Reports and British Cabinet papers, March 1922

Includes country situation reports on Iraq and Turkey.

Also includes reports on the Washington Conference on the Limitation of Armament, November 1921-February 1922.

Comprises items 4276-4327.

Folder 61 Reports and British Cabinet papers, April-July 1922

Includes country situation reports on Turkey.

Also includes a copy of Provisional verbatim record of the third plenary session of the International Economic Conference of Genoa, May 19, 1922.

Comprises items 4328-4373.

Folder 62 Reports and British Cabinet papers, August-September 1922

Includes various country situation reports.

Comprises items 4374-4420.

Folder 63 Reports and British Cabinet papers, October 1922

Includes various country situation reports.

Comprises items 4421-4482.

Folder 64 Reports and British Cabinet papers, October 1922

Includes various country situation reports.

Comprises items 4483-4526.

Folder 65 Reports and British Cabinet papers, November 1922

Includes various country situation reports.

Comprises items 4527-4573.

Folder 66 Reports and British Cabinet papers, November 1922

Includes various country situation reports.

Comprises items 4574-4602.

Folder 67 Reports and British Cabinet papers, December 1922

Includes various country situation reports.

Comprises items 4603-4634.

Folder 68 Reports and British Cabinet papers, n.d. Lists of cabinet papers and Foreign Office prints sent to the Prime Minister of Australia (mainly 1922).

Lists of cabinet papers and Foreign Office prints sent to the Prime Minister of Australia (mainly 1922).

Comprises items 4635-4672.

Folder 69 Newscuttings and printed material, 1919-1922

Includes cuttings (April 1922) on international affairs and war reparations.

Includes a copy of Conference on the Limitation of Armament held at Washington, D.C., United States of America from 12th November 1921 to 6th February 1922: report of the Australian delegate, Senator the Right Hon. George Foster Pearce (1922).

Comprises items 4673-4726.

Folder 70 Newscuttings, June-August 1922

Includes cuttings on international affairs and the British Empire.

Comprises items 4727-4778.

Folder 71 Newscuttings, November 1922

Includes cuttings on international affairs and economic conditions.

Comprises items 4779-4842.

Folder 72 Newscuttings, November 1922

Includes cuttings on international affairs and economic conditions.

Comprises items 4843-4906.

Folder 73 Newscuttings, December 1922

Includes cuttings on international affairs; economic conditions and the Empire. A small number of cuttings are undated.

Comprises items 4907-4959.

Bag 74 Petition, October 1916

Petition entitled 'Women's Memorial to the Rt. Hon. W. M. Hughes, Prime Minister of Australia, urging his immediate return to London, that he may share in the management of the War, as a member of the inner and supreme War Council of the Empire' and accompanying signatures.

Comprises item 4960.

Bag 75 Petition, October 1916

Large roll of signatures accompanying the petition listed above.

Comprises item 4961.

Piece 76 Petition, October 1916

Petition entitled 'Women's Memorial to the Rt Hon. W. M. Hughes, Prime Minister of Australia, urging his immediate return to London, that he may share in the management of the War, as a member of the inner and supreme War Council of the Empire' and accompanying signatures.

Comprises items 4962-4963.

Piece 77 Petition, October 1916

Petition entitled 'Women's Memorial to the Rt Hon. W. M. Hughes, Prime Minister of Australia, urging his immediate return to London, that he may share in the management of the War, as a member of the inner and supreme War Council of the Empire' and accompanying signatures.

Comprises items 4964-4965.

Bag 77a Illuminated address, October 1916

Illuminated address presented to Hughes in 1916. It reads: 'Women's Memorial to the Rt Hon. W. M. Hughes, Prime Minister of Australia, urging his immediate return to London, that he may share in the management of the War, as a member of the inner and supreme War Council of the Empire' and accompanying signatures.

Comprises item 4979.

Subseries 16.3 Illuminated addresses, Letters Patent and miscellaneous material, 1916-1921

This subseries consists of Letters Patent appointing Hughes to various ministerial portfolios and illuminated addresses presented to Hughes by various organisations on his return from the Peace Conference in 1919. Most of the addresses acknowledge his efforts during World War I and at the Peace Conference. Some miscellaneous souvenir material completes the subseries.

Bag 78 Illuminated address, September 1919

Illuminated address and accompanying signatures presented to Hughes by a group representing the mothers and widows of fallen soldiers on his return from the Peace Conference.

Cover title inscribed 'W. M. H. : For humanity : 15.9.19'

Comprises item 4966.

Bag 79 Illuminated address, August 1919

Illuminated address presented to Hughes by the people of Bendigo on his return from the Peace Conference.

Cover title reads 'Bendigo's welcome to the Right Honorable William Morris Hughes, P. C., K. C., Prime Minister of Australia'.

Comprises item 4967.

Bag 80 Illuminated address, October 1919

Illuminated address presented to Hughes by the Committee of the Brisbane Sub-Branch of the Returned Sailors and Soldiers Imperial League of Australia.

Comprises item 4968.

Bag 81 Souvenir program, June 1920

Program entitled 'Souvenir of the official Commonwealth and State Governments' gala performance in honour of His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales ... at Her Majesty's Theatre, Sydney, 22nd June, 1920'.

Also includes a portrait of the Prince of Wales and copies of the Evening News, 16 June, 1920 announcing the Prince's arrival in Australia.

Comprises items 4969-4975.

Bag 82 Illuminated address, 8 January 1916

Illuminated address presented to Hughes by the Welsh community of Melbourne following his appointment as Prime Minister.

Comprises item 4976.

Bag 83 Illuminated address, Illuminated address presented to Hughes by the Perth Branch of the Returned Sailors, Soldiers and Nurses Association on his return from the Peace Conference.

Illuminated address presented to Hughes by the Perth Branch of the Returned Sailors, Soldiers and Nurses Association on his return from the Peace Conference.

Comprises item 4977.

Bag 84 Illuminated address, Illuminated address presented to Hughes by the King and Empire Alliance (Queensland) on his return from the Peace Conference.

Illuminated address presented to Hughes by the King and Empire Alliance (Queensland) on his return from the Peace Conference.

Comprises item 4978.

Bag 85 Illuminated address, 30 August 1919

Illuminated address presented to Hughes by former colleagues of the Labor Party (who were expelled along with Hughes) on his return from the Peace Conference.

Comprises item 4978a.

[Item previously numbered 4978c is now held at Series 15, Bag 27, item 1134. For item 4979, see Subseries 16.2, Bag 77a.]

Piece 86 Illuminated manuscript, 24 November 1920

Illuminated manuscript presented to Hughes on behalf of 'the returned soldiers and sailors of Australia who fought in the Great War and the citizens of the Commonwealth'.

Comprises item 4980.

Piece 87 Illuminated address, 28 August 1919

Illuminated address presented to Hughes by representatives of the Municipal Councils of Port Augusta, Port Augusta West, Davenport and District Council of Woolundunga.

Comprises item 4981.

Bag 88 Illuminated address, Illuminated address presented to Hughes by the town of Wynnum.

Illuminated address presented to Hughes by the town of Wynnum.

Comprises item 4982.

Piece 89 Illuminated address, 1918

Illuminated address, 'Victory and peace', presented to Hughes by the Queensland Branch of the Returned Sailors and Soldiers Imperial League in Brisbane, 21 October 1919.

Comprises item 4983.

Piece 90 Letters Patent appointing Hughes to administer the Prime Minister's Department, 30 November 1916

Comprises item 4984.

Piece 91 Letters Patent appointing Hughes as Minister for External Affairs, 30 November 1916

Comprises items 4985.

Piece 92 Letters Patent appointing Hughes as Minister for Trade and Customs, 24 October 1916

Comprises item 4986.

Piece 93 Letters Patent appointing Hughes as Attorney-General, 21 January 1918

Comprises items 4987.

Piece 94 Letters Patent appointing Hughes as Attorney-General, 26 February 1917

Comprises item 4988.

Piece 95 Letters Patent appointing Hughes as Attorney-General, 30 November 1916

Comprises items 4989.

Piece 96 Letters Patent appointing Hughes to administer the Prime Minister's Department, 26 February 1917

Comprises item 4990.

Piece 97 Letters Patent appointing Hughes to administer the Prime Minister's Department, 21 January 1918

Comprises item 4991.

Piece 98 Letters Patent appointing Hughes as Minister for External Affairs, 30 December 1921

Comprises items 4992.

Series 17 Primary industry, overseas trade, and shipping, 1906-1946

World War I forced upon Hughes the need for specific federal policies on three broadly related areas, primary industry, overseas trade and shipping. He was faced in particular with the need of both the British and Australian military for wool and foodstuffs (and various raw materials) and with the need to obtain some means, independent of British shipping interests, of moving supplies and troops. Papers in the collection that document some of the measures Hughes took to requisition, sell, and transport Australia's primary products comprise the bulk of the series and can also be found in Series 16 and Series 23.

The series is basically arranged chronologically and consists of correspondence, memoranda, cables and telegrams, accounts, records of conferences and statistics. These cover such subjects as Australia's overseas trade representatives (June 1917), the importation of Japanese electrical goods into Great Britain, government chartering agents (March 1918), the establishment of the Central Wool Committee, the British Australian Wool Realisation Association Ltd, meat contracts with the British Government, the Bullot Meat Process, the John Cooke & Co. case (1920), the building of ships in the United States, sugar agreements between the Commonwealth and Queensland, the Bureau of Commerce and Industry, and the sale to Great Britain of Australian wool, wheat and flour, dried fruits, rabbits, meat and sugar.

The main correspondents are the Secretary of State for the Colonies, J. Jensen, Walter McLeitch, Sir John Higgins, Walter Massey-Green, Sir John Darling, H. R. Sleeman, H. B. Pitt, E. Eva, H. G. B. Larkin, W. Oldershaw, A. S. Rodgers, S. Taylor, W. S. Robinson, and organisations such as Westralian Farmers Ltd, Dalgety & Company Ltd and Elder Smith & Company.

Folder 1 Telegrams, notes and reports, 1915-1916

Comprises items 1-100.

Folder 2 Correspondence and cables, 1917

Comprises items 101-277.

Folder 3 Correspondence, cables, notes and printed material, 1918

Includes a copy of an agreement between the Commonwealth Government and New South Wales for the construction of six steel cargo steamers.

Printed items relates to a prices investigation into bread and the appraisal of the 1917-1918 wool clip.

Comprises items 278-366.

Folder 4 Correspondence, cables, memorandum and printed material, 1919

Includes a copy of an agreement between the Commonwealth Government and Queensland for the purchase of sugar for the 1920 season.

Printed items include Memoranda regarding the Bullot meat process (1919) and Facts: farmers and the wheat pool: the true position (1919).

Comprises items 367-412.

Folder 5 Correspondence, memorandum, reports and speeches, 1920

Includes a report by the Central Wool Committee on a contract between the Commonwealth Government and the Colonial Combing, Spinning and Weaving Company.

Also includes an address by Hughes on 'Wool and finance', 27 April 1920.

Comprises items 413-518.

Folder 6 Correspondence, cables, statistical information and printed material, 1921

Includes a pamphlet The re-valuation of gold.

Comprises items 519-638.

Folder 7 Correspondence, memorandum, newscuttings and printed material, 1922

Includes a statement presented to Hughes by 'Representatives of the sugar and commercial interests of Bundaberg and district' on 5 June 1922. Statement is encased in a bound leather folder.

Comprises items 639-719.

Folder 8 Correspondence, memorandum and printed material, 1923-1946

Includes a report of the Royal Commission in connexion with sugar purchases by the Commonwealth through Mr W. E. Davies in September and October 1920.

Two miscellaneous folios from 1935 and 1946 have also been filed in this folder.

Comprises items 720-724b.

Folder 9 Miscellaneous notes and printed material, n.d.

Includes a copy of That sugar agreement: a tale of an intrigue, a suppression and a forgery (Federal election pamphlet No 5).

Comprises items 725-745.

Bag 10 Newscuttings, notes and reports, 1906-1911

Bound volume entitled 'Sugar Commission 1911-1913' containing material on the sugar industry.

Comprises item 746.

Series 18 Industrial relations, 1914-1922

This small series refers to some of Hughes' conciliatory and legal attempts to settle industrial disputes during his term as Prime Minister and the determination of wage rates. It is arranged in two parts, with papers on a variety of subjects followed by material on the 1920 Royal Commission on the Basic Wage.

The first part contains reports and draft proposals on the industrial conference of February-March 1922; notes of a meeting with a deputation on the labour conditions at the Broken Hill smelting works (August 1917); some letters and notes on amendments to the Conciliation and Arbitration Act (1917 and 1921) and an opinion by Garran on industrial aspects of the War Precautions Act (1920). There are also papers on the seamen's strike, 1919, and the prosecution of Tom Walsh that include intelligence reports and Walsh's speech in court, annotated by George Knowles. The remainder contains the various reports of the Royal Commission on the Basic Wage, letters from the chairman, A. B. Piddington, speech notes, letters to Hughes from the Commonwealth Statistician, George Knibbs, and some newscuttings.

Folder 1 Correspondence, notes and printed material, 1914-1918

Includes letters and notes on the existing arbitration system and possible changes to the Conciliation and Arbitration Act.

Printed items include draft copies of the Industrial Peace Bill, 1917-1918.

Comprises items 1-80.

Folder 2 Correspondence and notes, 1919-1920

Includes correspondence relating to the selection of an Australian delegate to the International Labor Conference to be held in Washington in 1920.

Also includes notes on the seamen's strike and Tom Walsh and a transcript of a court hearing involving Walsh.

Comprises items 81-126.

Folder 3 Correspondence, notes and printed material, 1921

Includes notes and correspondence on arbitration and industrial issues.

Printed material consists of a report of debates and decisions arrived at during the Conference of Commonwealth and State Ministers, held at Melbourne, October-November, 1921.

Comprises items 127-146.

Folder 4 Correspondence, newscuttings, notes and printed material, 1922

Includes reports of debates from the Conference of Representatives of Employers' and Employees' Industrial Organisations held at Sydney, February 1922.

Comprises items 147-170.

Folder 5 Miscellaneous notes, n.d.

Mainly unidentified notes.

Comprises items 171-184.

Folder 6 Correspondence, newscuttings, notes and printed material, 1920-1921

Material relating to the Royal Commission on the Basic Wage.

Comprises items 185-242.

Series 19 Defence, 1915-1922

The participation of Australia in World War I caused many changes in the organisation of her defences and evidence of some of them is included in this small series. There are some important letters, minutes and reports on defence policy (Navy Board, October 1915), the reduction of defence expenditure (General White, 1920), the German colonies in the Pacific (J. G. Latham, February 1918), the Council of Defence (George Pearce, March 1918), and the acquisition of guns (A. F. Everett, January 1922). The series also has letters, minutes and reports by Joseph Cook, Walter Massey-Green, Admirals Percy Grant and John Dumaresq, and a paper by the Air Council on the organisation of the Royal Australian Air Force (April 1922).

Folder 1 Correspondence, reports and printed material, December 1915-August 1919

Includes a copy of 'Report on a defence policy for Australia: Report No II: a post-Bellum naval policy for the Pacific' and reports on German New Guinea and the organisation and command of the AIF.

Also includes a copy of Fourth progress report of the Royal Commission on Navy and Defence Administration (1918).

Comprises items 1-149.

Folder 2 Printed material, 1919

Copy of Report of the Admiral of the Fleet Viscount Jellicoe of Scapa ... on naval mission to the Commonwealth of Australia, May-August, 1919. Volumes I and II.

Comprises items 150-152.

Folder 3 Printed material, 1919

Copy of Report of the Admiral of the Fleet Viscount Jellicoe of Scapa ... on naval mission to the Commonwealth of Australia, May-August, 1919. Volumes III and IV.

Comprises items 153-154.

Folder 4 Correspondence and reports, October 1919-August 1920

Includes a copy of 'Report by the Conference of Senior Military Officers constituted by the Minister for Defence on 22/1/1920 to advise upon the military defence of Australia'.

Also includes a lecture entitled 'Modern airships', delivered by Air Commodore E. M. Maitland at the House of Commons, 28 June 1920.

Comprises items 155-266.

Folder 5 Correspondence and reports, April 1921-April 1922

Reports include 'Acquisition of spare naval guns from Admiralty by Commonwealth Government for Australian coast defences' (January 1922) and a policy for the development of Australia's air defence by the Air Council (April 1922).

Also includes a map showing wireless stations in the Atlantic, Indian and western portion of the Pacific Ocean and marked 'recommendations of Conference of Admirals, Pacific and Indian and Australian Waters'.

Comprises items 267-344.

Folder 6 Miscellaneous reports, c.1916-c.1922

Includes appendices to Part III of report 'A post-Bellum naval policy for the Pacific'; a precis of contents of Lord Jellicoe's reports and a report on reduction in expenditure on the Australian Military Forces.

Comprises items 345-439.

Series 20 Recruiting and the second conscription referendum, 1915-1918

In October 1916 and again in December 1917 Hughes sought through referenda the approval of the electorate for conscription for overseas service. This series comprises papers on the need for reinforcements and the second referendum. Most of the letters, copies of replies, telegrams and copies of cables are addressed to Hughes. They relate mainly to his concern for the depletion of the AIF, his concern to get messages urging a 'Yes' vote to troops overseas, his endeavours to obtain pro-conscription statements by overseas labour leaders, the selection of scrutineers for polling booths overseas, the censoring of T. J. Ryan's anti-conscription speech published in the Queensland State Parliamentary Hansard, and the reaction of Hughes' cabinet colleagues to the decision to close hotels on the day of the second referendum.

The main correspondents are Sir Ronald Anderson, Thomas Griffith, W. F. Massey, Andrew Fisher, Keith Murdoch, General Birdwood, Walter Long, George Knibbs, George Pearce, Sir John Forrest, Malcolm Shepherd, Percy Deane, and Octavius Beale. The series also has copies of correspondence between Pearce and General Birdwood, between Sir John Forrest and Sir Robert Collins, Forrest and Major-General E. Sinclair, and between Walter Long and Sir Ronald Munro-Ferguson. Copies of some speeches and cuttings complete the series.

Folder 1 Correspondence, cables and notes, 1915-1916

Comprises items 1-110.

Folder 2 Correspondence, cables and notes, October-November 1916

Comprises items 111-276.

Folder 3 Correspondence, cables, newscuttings and notes, 1916-1917

Comprises items 277-406.

Folder 4 Correspondence, cables, newscuttings, notes and printed material, November-December 1917

Includes a pamphlet Proposal for national service by 'Australian' (November 1917) and a leaflet Lottery of death by Henry Boote [1917].

Comprises items 407-522.

Folder 5 Correspondence and telegram, January-April 1918

Comprises items 523-526.

Folder 6 Correspondence, cables and notes, n.d

Miscellaneous undated material. Includes a statistical summary of electoral divisions of members of the AIF arranged by state.

Comprises items 527-580.

Series 21 Internal security, 1915-1922

This is a small but important group of papers covering what Hughes regarded as the three main sources of anti-conscription and anti-Empire activity in Australia during his term as Prime Minister: the Industrial Workers of the World, Sinn Fein, and Russian communism. Two organisations established to counter them were the Commonwealth Police and the Counter Espionage Bureau (CEB). The latter, part of an Empire-wide organisation, was absorbed into the Attorney-General's Department in the early 1920s.

The series consists in the main of letters, reports and memoranda sent to Hughes, Pearce and Garran from both Major G. Steward (Munro-Ferguson's Official Secretary and the first Director of the CEB) and Colonel H. Jones (Steward's successor as Director, and later head of the Investigation Branch of the Attorney-General's Department). They include Steward's first six monthly report to Pearce on the CEB (August 1916), Jones' 1922 annual intelligence report to the Solicitor-General, reports and intelligence summaries by Jones on communism in Australia (1921), letters from Steward and Munro-Ferguson on the need for a Federal Police Force (1917-1918), and a letter from Steward to Pearce which refers to a Special Intelligence Bureau (January 1917).

Other items have extracts of letters by unionists, priests and others passed to Hughes by the censors; intelligence information from W. G. Spence; an Australian Military Forces intelligence report (March 1918), an unsigned paper headed 'Unlawful Associations Act - intelligence report', a report by Captain Thomas W. White on the Bolshevik movement in Russia (n.d.), British Government Command Papers on Sinn Fein and its connection with Bolshevism, examples of Industrial Workers of the World stickers, and an intelligence report on a speech by Archbishop Mannix.

Folder 1 Correspondence, cables, notes and reports, 1915-1918

Includes the first report on the Counter Espionage Bureau (CEB) by Major G. Steward; a page of anti-conscription army songs and military intelligence reports, March 1918.

Comprises items 1-130.

Folder 2 Correspondence, cables, notes, reports and printed material, 1919-1922

Mainly reports on communism and the Sinn Fein movement.

Printed material includes a special issue of The Republic, 1 November 1919 and a British parliamentary paper, Documents relative to the Sinn Fein movement (1921).

Comprises items 131-209.

Folder 3 Correspondence, notes and reports, 1916-c.1919

Mainly miscellaneous undated reports. Includes a report by Captain Thomas White on the Bolshevik movement in Russia and a letter containing examples of Industrial Workers of the World stickers.

Comprises items 210-257.

Series 22 1916 overseas visits, 1909-1916

Hughes was the only Dominion Prime Minister able to accept Asquith's invitation to visit Britain in 1916. There he attended meetings of the British Cabinet, was made a Privy Councillor, and attended the Paris Economic Conference (June 1916) as a member of the British delegation.

There is very little on the visit in the papers, with the series containing a few letters (from Asquith, Marie Corelli, and Lord Fisher), some illuminated addresses and dedications relating to Hughes' receipt of freedoms of cities, some loose newscuttings and a newscuttings album, menus and programs, loose photographs, and an album of photographs presented by the Urban District Council of Llandudno (16 May 1916).

Folder 1 Correspondence, menus, newscuttings and notes, 1916

Includes a speech delivered at the Hotel Cecil on Anzac Day, 1916 before Australian troops; newscuttings of comments by Winston Churchill on Hughes and a copy of Recommendations of the Economic Conference of the Allies held at Paris on June 14, 15, 16 and 17, 1916.

Also includes an address presented to Hughes by members of the South African Labour Party, 12 July 1916.

Comprises items 1-53.

Folder 2 Newscuttings, newspapers and photographs, 1916

Includes copies of the Glasgow Bulletin (April) documenting Hughes' visit to the city and a photograph of a visit to his old school, 21 March 1916.

Comprises items 54-73.

Bag 3 Illuminated address, 13 July 1916

Illuminated address presented to Hughes by the Mayor and Councillors of the City of Capetown.

Comprises item 74.

Bag 4 Illuminated address, 22 May 1916

Illuminated address conferring upon Hughes the Freedom of the City of Birmingham.

Comprises item 75.

Bag 5 Printed material, 1909

Copy of Ancient guildhall of the city of York, presented to Hughes by the York and District Trades and Labour Council, 27 May 1916.

Comprises item 76.

Bag 6 Photograph album, 1916

Album presented to Hughes during his visit to his childhood home by the Urban District Council of Llandudno, 6 May 1916.

Comprises item 77.

Piece 7 Photograph album, 1916

Album of travel photographs taken during Hughes' overseas visit. Countries include New Zealand, Honolulu, Canada and England.

Comprises item 78.

Piece 8 Illuminated address, 13 July 1916

Illuminated address presented to Hughes by the Committee and members of the Cape Town Branch of the Over-seas Club.

Comprises item 79.

Piece 9 Illuminated address, 16 July 1916

Illuminated address presented to Hughes by the Queen Mary Lodge, Bloemfontein, of the Sons of England Patriotic and Benevolent Society.

Comprises item 80.

Piece 10 Illuminated address, 29 March 1916

Illuminated address conferring upon Hughes the Freedom of the City of Liverpool.

Comprises item 81.

Bag 10a Cylinder, n.d.

Cylinder which contained the illuminated address conferring upon Hughes the Freedom of the City of Liverpool. The address has been removed from the cylinder and rehoused in a flat box.

Comprises item 81a.

Piece 11 Illuminated address, 18 April 1916

Illuminated address admitting Hughes to the Brothership of the Clothworkers Company, London.

Comprises item 82.

Bag 12 Newscuttings album, 1916

Cuttings relating to Hughes' visit.

Comprises item 83.

Bag 13 Illuminated address, 1916

Illuminated address presented to Hughes by Australians and New Zealanders living in Durban, South Africa, on his return to Australia in 1916. Includes lists of signatures.

Comprises item 84.

Series 23 1918 Imperial War Conference, 1900-1919

In April 1918 Hughes, his wife, Sir Joseph Cook and their secretaries and advisers left Sydney to represent Australia at the Imperial War Conference which met in June and July. During the year he also attended meetings of the British War Cabinet and the Supreme War Council of the Allies in Paris, obtained direct representation for Australia in the British Empire Delegation to the 1919 Peace Conference and negotiated the sale of Australia's 1917-1818 surplus wheat crop.

All of the papers in the collection that Hughes received from April 1918 up to his departure for Paris on 11 January 1919 are in this series. There are five subseries.

Subseries 23.1 Correspondence, 1918-1919

This subseries comprises letters, cables and telegrams received or sent by Hughes and is in date order. They cover the war situation, Allied policy on the treatment of prisoners, the political scene in Australia, the problem of Birdwood's replacement as Australian Corps Commander, the raising of an additional 3-4000 light-horsemen, Japanese interest in nickel and iron ore in New Caledonia and copper in the New Hebrides, preparations for the Paris Peace Conference, and the opinion of the Australian Cabinet on various questions referred to it by Hughes.

The main correspondents are Sir Ronald Munro-Ferguson, George Pearce, C. E. W. Bean, W. A. Watt, H. S. Gullett, Keith Murdoch, Sir Ronald Anderson, General Monash, Annie Kenny, Walter Long, Lord Cecil, Theodore Roosevelt, Andrew Fisher, Sir Henry Wilson, Henry Lambert, Lloyd George, and E. A. Box. There are also some copies of Hughes' letters to Lloyd George, Alfred Milner, and Walter Long.

Folder 1 Correspondence, cables, telegrams and memorandum, April-June 1918

Comprises items 1-148.

Folder 2 Correspondence, notes and telegrams, July-September 1918

Comprises items 149-224.

Folder 3 Correspondence, cables and telegrams, October 1918-January 1919

Comprises items 225-315.

Subseries 23.2 Meetings of the Allied Powers, 1918

This subseries is a small collection of roneoed copies of British notes of meetings of the Allied Powers held in July and between October and December in Paris and London. They are headed variously 'Proces verbal' and 'Notes of a conversation with...' and relate either to full sessions of the Supreme War Council or meetings between Great Britain and representatives of individual Allied Powers.

Folder 4 Notes and resolutions of meetings, July-October 1918

Comprises items 316-386.

Folder 5 Notes and resolutions of meetings, November 1918

Comprises items 387-482.

Folder 6 Notes and resolutions of meetings, November-December 1918

Comprises items 483-600.

Subseries 23.3 Imperial War Cabinet papers, 1918-1919

Imperial War Cabinet papers make up this subseries. It includes agenda and a two volume set of printed minutes that includes a subject index (11 June-31 December), reports, memoranda, and a large group of other papers stamped as having been circulated to members of the Cabinet. These include Foreign Office telegrams, Air Ministry fortnightly reports, British Empire and African reports, Western and General reports, and reports of Cabinet subcommittees like the Committee of Prime Ministers and the Australian Purchases Committee.

Folder 7 Memorandum, notes and telegrams, 7 May-11 June 1918

Comprises items 601-729.

Folder 8 Memorandum, notes and minutes, 11 June-31 December 1918

Includes two printed volumes of minutes for meetings 15-29 (11 June-2 August 1918) and 30-48 (13 August-31 December 1918) with accompanying subject index.

Folder 9 Memorandum, notes, reports and telegrams, 15-21 June 1918

Comprises items 735-869.

Folder 10 Memorandum, notes, reports and telegrams, 12-14 June 1918

Comprises items 870-1013.

Folder 11 Memorandum, notes, reports and telegrams, 22-30 June 1918

Comprises items 1014-1204.

Folder 12 Memorandum, notes, reports and telegrams, 1-2 July 1918

Comprises items 1205-1336.

Folder 13 Memorandum, notes, reports and telegrams, 3 July 1918

Comprises items 1337-1444.

Folder 14 Memorandum, notes, reports and telegrams, 4-6 July 1918

Comprises items 1445-1589.

Folder 15 Memorandum, notes, reports and telegrams, 7-11 July 1918

Comprises items 1590-1646.

Folder 16 Memorandum, notes, reports and telegrams, 12-25 July 1918

Includes report entitled 'British military policy, 1918-1919', prepared by the War Office.

Comprises items 1647-1751.

Folder 17 Memorandum, notes and reports, 26-31 July 1918

Comprises items 1752-1806.

Folder 18 Memorandum, notes, reports and telegrams, 1-10 August 1918

Comprises items 1807-1868.

Folder 19 Memorandum, notes, reports and telegrams, 12-20 August 1918

Comprises items 1869-1966.

Folder 20 Memorandum, notes, reports and telegrams, 21-31 August 1918

Comprises items 1967-2024.

Folder 21 Memorandum, notes, reports and telegrams, September 1918

Comprises items 2025-2142.

Folder 22 Memorandum, notes, reports and telegrams, 1-15 October 1918

Comprises items 2143-2239.

Folder 23 Memorandum, notes, reports and telegrams, 16-24 October 1918

Comprises items 2240-2290.

Folder 24 Memorandum, notes, reports and telegrams, 25-26 October 1918

Comprises items 2291-2379.

Folder 25 Memorandum, notes, reports and telegrams, 27-31 October 1918

Comprises items 2380-2440.

Folder 26 Memorandum, notes, reports and telegrams, 1-20 November 1918

Comprises items 2441-2506.

Folder 27 Memorandum, notes, reports and telegrams, 21-30 November 1918

Comprises items 2441a-2507.

Folder 28 Memorandum, notes, reports and telegrams, 1-10 December 1918

Includes two copies of report entitled 'Memorandum by the Chief of the Air Staff on air power requirements of the Empire', 9 December 1918.

Comprises items 2508-2604.

Folder 29 Memorandum, notes, reports and telegrams, 11-22 December 1918

Comprises items 2605-2687.

Folder 30 Memorandum, notes, reports and telegrams, 23 December 1918-6 January 1919

Comprises items 2688-2779.

Subseries 23.4 Imperial War Conference papers, 1918

This subseries consists of printed minutes and papers of the Imperial War Conference. They comprise a proof copy of Extracts from minutes of proceedings and papers laid before the Conference (HMSO, 1918), Minutes of proceedings and papers laid before the Conference (other than those published in Cd. 9177) (November 1918), and a small number of roneoed Conference memoranda by the Secretary, Henry Lambert.

Folder 31 Draft resolutions, notes and proofs of proceedings, June-July 1918

Comprises items 2780-2811.

Folder 32 Printed material, July 1918

Includes a proof copy of Extracts from minutes of proceedings and papers laid before the conference, (HMSO, 1918).

Comprises items 2812-2814.

Folder 33 Printed material, November 1918

Copy of Minutes of proceedings and papers laid before the Conference (other than those published in [Cd. 9177]).

Comprises item 2815.

Subseries 23.5 Miscellaneous papers, 1900-1918

This subseries contains speeches, programs, photographs, printed material, and some documents pertaining to Hughes' award of the Legion of Honour (November 1918).

Folder 34 Newscuttings and printed material, 1918

Includes a folder of cuttings on the war in Europe, March 1918.

Comprises items 2816-2874.

Folder 35 Newscuttings, printed material and miscellaneous items, 1900-1918

Includes a copy of Interim and final reports of the Civil Aerial Transport Committee with appendices, published by the Air Ministry, July 1918.

Also includes notes on the history of the French award, the Legion of Honour dated 1900 and 1913.

Comprises items 2875-2892; 2894-2921 and 2923-2924.

Piece 35a Certificate, September 1918

Certificate conferring upon Hughes the honour of Grand Officer of the French Legion of Honour (Ordre National de la Legion d'Honneur).

Comprises item 2893.

Piece 35b Illuminated address, 21 October 1918

Illuminated address conferring upon Hughes the Freedom of the City for the Borough of Gravesend.

Comprises item 2922.

Folder 36 Newscuttings, printed material and miscellaneous items, 1918

Includes menus and programs relating to a visit by the President of the United States to England in December 1918.

Also includes a photograph of Hughes at the Trade Union Congess held in Derby, England with Christobel Pankhurst and others.

Comprises items 2925-3003.

Series 24 1919 Paris Peace Conference, 1918-1919

Hughes and Sir Joseph Cook were Australia's representatives in the British delegation to the Peace Conference in Paris held from January to July 1919. In addition, Hughes was Australia's representative at meetings of the Council of Ten and one of the vice-presidents of one of the committees the Council set up, the Reparations Commission. His two lasting achievements at Paris, acknowledged by most writers on the Peace Conference, were the exclusion of a racial equality clause implying free migration from the preamble to the Covenant of the League of Nations, and the virtual annexation for Australia of New Guinea under a 'C' class mandate.

Some of the evidence of Hughes' presence at the Conference can be traced in the present series which although small contains some excellent source material. It has been grouped into three subseries, and divides into correspondence, British War Cabinet and Supreme War Council and miscellaneous papers.

Subseries 24.1 Correspondence, 1918-1919

The correspondence includes letters, cables, telegrams, memoranda and copies of replies. This correspondence refers to a large number of subjects such as aspects of the various Allies' attitudes to the peace conditions, the exploration of Papuan oil fields, the Belgian war effort, the proposed International Hydrographic Conference, demobilisation, recommendations for honours, war memorials, an Australian air force, the purchase of ships, the supply of wool and wheat to Great Britain, the establishment of oil refineries in Australia, and trade with Italy.

The correspondents include W. A. Watt, R. R. Garran, George Pearce, Sir Ronald Munro-Ferguson, Lord Milner, Lloyd George, Sir Maurice Hankey, Lord Cecil and L. S. Amery.

Folder 1 Correspondence, notes, telegrams and postcards, January 1918-April 1919

Comprises items 1-118.

Folder 2 Correspondence, cables, notes and memorandum, May-July 1919

Comprises items 119-243.

Folder 3 Correspondence, cables, notes and memorandum, 16-31 May 1919

Comprises items 244-350.

Folder 4 Correspondence, cables and memorandum, June 1919

Comprises items 351-436.

Folder 5 Correspondence, cables, memorandum, telegrams and postcards, July-August 1919

File also includes some undated papers.

Comprises items 437-525.

Subseries 24.2 British War Cabinet and Supreme War Cabinet papers, 1919

The cabinet papers are an incomplete set of memoranda, printed and roneoed reports presented to War Cabinet that include reports of Conference Commissions on Bulgaria and Poland, translations of notes by the German delegation and copies of Foreign Office cables circulated to Cabinet. The remaining items are printed reports of meetings of the Supreme War Council and the Supreme Economic Council.

Folder 6 Memorandum and reports, 1919

Comprises items 526-552.

Folder 7 Reports, resolutions, notes and telegrams, June 1919

Comprises items 553-660.

Folder 8 Reports and memorandum, July-August 1919

Includes a rough sketch of a suggested staff to be carried in front of the Prime Minister of Australia at public ceremonies and rejoicings.

Comprises items 661-701.

Folder 9 Reports, n.d. Copy of 'Observations of the German Delegation on the conditions of peace' (Part 1).

Copy of 'Observations of the German Delegation on the conditions of peace' (Part 1).

Comprises items 702-775.

Folder 10 Reports, n.d. Copy of 'Observations of the German Delegation on the conditions of peace' (Part 2).

Copy of 'Observations of the German Delegation on the conditions of peace' (Part 2).

Comprises items 776-862.

Folder 11 Miscellaneous reports, notes and memorandum, n.d. Comprises items 863-955.

Comprises items 863-955.

Subseries 24.3 Miscellaneous papers, 1919

There are notes by Garran on phosphates and Nauru, draft Italian-Australian trade agreements, programs, cuttings, invitations, speeches and photographs.

Folder 12 Miscellaneous notes, memorandum and printed material, 1919

Includes newscuttings on the Peace Conference and the Australian shipping trade; speeches; various menus, invitations and entry cards and memorandum and notes on Nauru and phosphates.

Also includes a poster for a 'Diggers' lunch to Bill Hughes' at the AIF War Chest Club, Horseferry Road, London and a signed program relating to the 'signature of the Treaty of peace between the Allied and Associated Powers and Germany', 28 June 1919.

Comprises items 956-1061.

Folder 13 Photographs, 1919

Subjects include Paris; England; Hughes talking to troops at Sutton Veny (England); scenes from French battlefields and Hughes visit to Australian troops at Villers Bretonneux.

Also includes a series of postcards of buildings and monuments in Paris.

Comprises items 1062-1095.

Bag 14 Album, 1919

Album consisting mainly of postcards from England, France, America and Honolulu.

Also includes a small number of photographs including Hughes and his wife visiting wounded Australian troops and Andrew Fisher and Mary Hughes in London.

Comprises item 1096.

Series 25 1921 Imperial Conference, 1920-1921

Between May and September 1921 Hughes was absent from Australia, and occupied during June and July at a 'Conference of the Prime Ministers and Representatives of the United Kingdom, the Dominions and India'. With Deane his only adviser, Hughes pressed the Conference to renew the Anglo-Japanese Treaty and urged an airship service and wireless as solutions to the lack of inter-Empire communication and the alternative to regular Imperial Conferences. In London Hughes also supervised Australia House following Fisher's retirement in January 1921 and encouraged the sale of Australian primary products. In France on his way home he visited Paris and war graves at Amiens.

Series 25 contains all of the papers in the collection on this period of Hughes' career.

Subseries 25.1 Correspondence, 1921

This subseries contains a small group of letters, telegrams and cables received from people in Australia and Britain such as Joseph Cook, George Pearce, Lord Novar, L. S. Amery, Winston Churchill, Admiral Grant and Srinivasa Sastri. They refer to subjects such as the supply of ammunition to the Royal Australian Navy, an imperial airship service, recommendations for honours, reparations, and an exhibition of canned fruit at Australia House.

Folder 1 Correspondence, cables, notes, memorandum and telegrams, April-June 1921

Comprises items 1-42.

Folder 2 Correspondence, cables, notes, memorandum and telegrams, July 1921

Comprises items 43-94 and 97-159.

Folder 2a Photographs, n.d. Photographs of unidentified fruit exhibition.

Photographs of unidentified fruit exhibition.

Comprises items 95-96.

Folder 3 Correspondence, cables, notes, memorandum and telegrams, August-October 1921

Includes a copy of the 'A' minutes of the Imperial Conference along with a subject index.

Comprises items 160-357.

Subseries 25.2 Conference proceedings, 1920-1921

Most of this subseries consists of the basic records of the Conference known as the 'E' series. They are printed and roneoed sets of 'notes', 'stenographic notes', and minutes of meetings of the conference, referred to at the time as the 'Conference of Prime Ministers and Representatives of the United Kingdom, the Dominions and India'. A subject index is included.

Folder 4 Memorandum, notes and reports, 1920-1921

Includes memorandum on the reparations settlement and reports of the Imperial Shipping Committee.

Comprises items 358-420.

Folder 5 Notes of meetings, 1921

Comprises items 421-442.

Folder 6 Memorandum and notes of meetings, June-July 1921

Comprises items 443-474.

Folder 7 Notes of meetings, July 1921

Comprises items 475-573.

Folder 8-10 Notes of meetings, June-July 1921

Comprises items 574-646.

Folder 11-12 Notes of meetings, July 1921

Comprises items 647-932.

Folder 13 Notes of meetings, June-August 1921

Comprises items 933-1054.

Folder 14 Notes of meetings, August 1921

Comprises items 1055-1105.

Subseries 25.3 Miscellaneous papers, 1921

Includes an Admiralty report on 'Empire naval policy and cooperation', reports of the Imperial Shipping Committee, a memorandum by the overseas Subcommittee of the Committee of Imperial Defence, Foreign Office telegrams, statistics on the strength of the British fleets, some British Cabinet papers, and records of meetings of the Imperial Reparations Committee. There is also material on the Permanent Court of International Justice, the Conference on State-Aided Empire Settlement, the administration of Australia House, and Sir Ross Smith's views on a London-Australia air service.

Folder 15 Memorandum and reports, 1921

Report entitled Empire naval policy and co-operation: outline of Empire naval policy prepared by the Admiralty to form a basis for discussion at the Imperial Cabinet, 1921 (2 copies) and reports and memorandum of the Imperial Shipping Committee and Committee of Imperial Defence.

Comprises items 1106-1116.

Folder 16 Notes, memorandum and telegrams, June-July 1921

Comprises items 1117-1174.

Folder 17 Memorandum, notes and reports, July-September 1921

Comprises items 1175-1220.

Folder 18 Notes and reports, 1921

Includes a report on the fleets of Great Britain and foreign countries.

Also includes a manuscript note by Ross Smith on an 'Air service London - Australia' (7 July 1921).

Comprises items 1221-1276.

Folder 19 Memorandum, notes and reports, 1921

Comprises items 1277-1351.

Folder 20 Notes and reports, 1921

Comprises items 1352-1475.

Subseries 25.4 Newscuttings, ephemera and other miscellaneous material, 1921

Includes newscuttings, photographs, letters patent, speeches, programs and invitations, and refer mainly to Hughes' visit to Amiens. Two large albums of newscuttings from British newspapers covering this whole period also feature.

Folder 20a Notes and reports, 1921

Includes a report on Hughes visit to Amiens, France, 23-25 August 1921.

Also includes a Letters Patent from King George, 6 July 1921.

Comprises items 1476-1548.

Folder 21 Printed material, invitations, menus, souvenir programs and other ephemera, 1921

Includes a copy of Australia, its people, its resources, its progress; an address given by Hughes to the Bankers of London, 19 August 1921.

Comprises items 1549-1571.

Folder 21a Photographs of Hughes' visit to Amiens, 23-25 August 1921

Comprises items 1572-1598.

Folder 22 Newspapers and newscuttings, 1921

Includes French newspapers from the Somme region relating to Hughes visit to Amiens.

Also includes a cartoon from Punch, 28 April 1921, showing Hughes trying out his wardrobe prior to leaving for overseas.

Comprises items 1599-1618.

Piece 23 Illuminated address, 22 July 1921

Illuminated address conferring upon Hughes the Freedom of the City of Bath.

Comprises item 1619.

Bag 24 Souvenir program, 22 June 1921

Program for the 'Opening of the Parliament of Northern Ireland by his most gracious majesty, King George V', 22 June 1921.

Comprises item 1620.

Piece 25 Newscuttings album, 15 July-13 August 1921

Cuttings from British newspapers covering Hughes visit overseas; the Imperial Conference and world affairs at this time.

Comprises item 1621.

Piece 26 Newscuttings album, 20 May-15 July 1921

Cuttings from British newspapers covering Hughes visit overseas; the Imperial Conference and world affairs at this time.

Comprises item 1622.

Series 26 1924 Tour of the USA, 1923-1924

As if unable to settle to the comparative quiet of the backbenches, within a year of losing the Prime Ministership, Hughes accepted the invitation of Lee Keedick and H. C. Armstrong to do a lecture tour of the United States of America. He left in February 1924 and was back in Sydney at the end of August.

Letters Hughes received while on tour, as well as newscuttings, speeches, travel documents and some name cards have been collated to form this series. The correspondents include Keedick, Edward Harding, Donald Mackinnon, D. B. Edwards, Helen and Charles Hughes, Dr Charles Hunt, and Percy Deane and Sir John Quick in Australia.

Hughes' speeches cover topics including the war, Australia's immigration policy, the Conciliation and Arbitration Act, and Japan.

Folder 1 Correspondence, telegrams and train tickets, October 1923-June 1924

Comprises items 1-67.

Folder 2 Correspondence, notes and reports, July-August 1924

Comprises items 68-151.

Folder 3 Speeches, 1923-1924

Includes the text of a speech by A. Horsfall, (December 1923) on migration and annotated by Hughes. Other material undated.

Comprises items 152-238.

Folder 4 Speeches and notes, 1924

Subjects include Versailles Treaty; compulsory arbitration; the White Australia policy and world peace.

Comprises items 239-310.

Folder 5 Newscuttings and name cards, 1924

Comprises items 311-343.

Folder 6 Newscuttings, 1924

Mainly from American newspapers. Also includes a luncheon menu and lecture flyer.

Comprises items 344-372.

Series 27 National Party, 1918-1931

The collection has very little on the National Party, the party Hughes formed in February 1917 from the Liberals and National Labour Party and helped destroy 12 years later. This series has papers of a general nature on the Party, and there are also relevant papers in Series 28, Series 32 (Referenda file) and Series 33. It consists mainly of newscuttings reporting speeches by Hughes to the party organisation in 1922 and 1928, reprints of some speeches (e.g., by Bavin at the 9th Annual Convention of the National Association of NSW), constitutions, copies of the Australian National Review, and the text of and voting on resolutions put to meetings of the party in January 1918, and a few letters. The latter refer to his defeat in 1923 and negotiations with Lyons in 1931. The series also includes several items on the National Labour Party.

Folder 1 Correspondence, 1918-1931

Comprises items 1-31.

Folder 2 Speeches and notes, 1918-1931

Includes notes on National Party policy.

Comprises items 32-137.

Folder 3 Printed material, 1919-1929

Includes various party conference reports; speeches by T. Bavin (1926 and 1927) and Hughes (1925); copies of party constitution and rules and an issue of the Australian National Review (19 February 1923).

Also includes a certificate of appreciation presented to Hughes by members of the National Party, 1 March 1923.

Comprises items 138-150.

Folder 4 Newspaper cuttings, 1922-1930

Comprises items 151-172.

Series 28 Elections, 1913-1951

During his long career in federal politics, Hughes stood successfully for four electorates, West Sydney (1901-1917), Bendigo (1917-1922), North Sydney (1922-1949), and Bradfield (1949-1952). The collection has a good deal of material on the elections held between 1913 and 1951, including a file on the 1930 New South Wales State election and some papers on some Federal and State by-elections. With a couple of exceptions all of this material is in Series 28. Papers on the 1929 House of Representatives election are in Series 33 and there is material on the 1930 New South Wales election and the 1946 Federal election in Series 48. Congratulatory letters and telegrams are in Series 3.

This series relates primarily to the campaigns Hughes conducted within his own electorate, although the material on some elections, in particular the 1943 Federal election when he was leader of the United Australia Party, does refer to the wider campaign. It consists of letters, memoranda, speakers notes, campaign literature, and some of Hughes' published speeches and broadcasts, and finally newscuttings on the election. Material on each election has been combined into files and these are arranged in date order. The coverage of the series is uneven, and only the 1931, 1940, 1943, and 1949 elections are well documented.

Apart from the 1943 election, mention should also be made of the 1949 election and the electoral boundaries redistribution in the previous year. The material consists of correspondence with the public relations firm Eric White and Associates, a McNair political survey of the new electorate of Bradfield, speeches, Liberal Party publications, and correspondence indicating Hughes' work for other Liberal candidates. Hughes' preselection battle with H. B. Turner and the electoral repercussions of the 1948 redistribution are also covered.

Folder 1 1913 election, 1913

Comprises items 1-52.

Folder 2-3 1917 election, 1917

Comprises items 53-182.

Folder 4 1917 election, 1917

Consists of a photograph album presented to Hughes by W. A. Gibson as a memento of his great victory at the federal election, May 1917.

Many of the photographs are of Hughes on the campaign trail.

Comprises item 183.

Folder 5 1919 election, 1919-1920

Comprises items 184-221.

Folder 6-7 1922 election, 1922

Comprises items 222-440.

Folder 8 1925 election, 1925-1926

Comprises items 441-480.

Folder 9 1928 election, 1927-1928

Comprises items 481-544.

Folder 10 1928 election, 1929

Copies of statistical returns for the 1928 election.

Comprises items 545-609.

Folder 11 1930 NSW election, 1930

Comprises items 610-702.

Folder 12 1930 NSW election, 1930

Includes the musical song sheet Painting the clouds with moonshine (an election song).

Comprises items 703-778.

Folder 13 1930 NSW election, 1930

Comprises items 779-917.

Folder 14-15 1931 election, 1931

Comprises items 918-1293

Folder 16 1931 election, 1931-1932

Comprises items 1294-1543.

Folder 17 1931 election, 1931

Comprises items 1544-1681.

Folder 18 1934 election, 1934

Comprises items 1682-1786.

Folder 19-21 1937 election, 1937

Comprises items 1787-1919.

Folder 22 1937 election, 1933-1937

Comprises items 1920-1989.

Folder 23 1940 Corio by-election, 1940

Comprises items 1990-2070.

Folder 24-25 1940 election, 1940

Comprises items 2071-2294.

Folder 26 1940 election, 1940

Includes policy speeches by John Curtin and H. V. Evatt.

Comprises items 2295-2328.

Folder 26a 1940 election, March-September 1940

Newscuttings.

Comprises items 2329-2410.

Folder 27-29 1940 election, September 1940

Newscuttings.

Comprises items 2411-2590.

Folder 30 1940 election, 1940

Includes statistical returns for the 1940 election.

Comprises items 2591-2673.

Folder 31-32 1940 election, 1940

Mainly election speeches.

Comprises items 2674-2858.

Folder 33 1943 election, December 1942-July 1943

Mainly correspondence, memorandum, speeches and telegrams.

Comprises items 2859-3000.

Folder 34 1943 election, August-December 1943

Mainly correspondence and telegrams.

Comprises items 3001-3097.

Folder 35 1943 election, 1943-1944

Includes statistical returns for the 1943 election.

Comprises items 3098-3213.

Folder 36-38 1943 election, 1943

Mainly election speeches.

Comprises items 3214-3577.

Folder 39 1943 election, January-June 1943

Newscuttings.

Comprises items 3578-3667.

Folder 40 1943 election, June-July 1943

Newscuttings.

Comprises items 3668-3733.

Folder 41-42 1943 election, July 1943

Newscuttings.

Comprises items 3734-3870.

Folder 43 1943 election, July-August 1943

Newscuttings.

Comprises items 3871-3938.

Folder 44 1943 election, July-August 1943

Newscuttings.

Comprises items 3939-4018.

Folder 45 1943 election, August-December 1943

Newscuttings.

Comprises items 4019-4089.

Folder 46 1946 election, 1945-1946

Comprises items 4090-4208.

Folder 47-48 1946 election, 1946

Mainly correspondence, notes and telegrams.

Comprises items 4209-4463.

Folder 49 1946 election, 1946

Includes statistical returns for the 1946 election and an analysis of voting prepared by the Liberal Party of Australia.

Comprises items 4464-4596.

Folder 50 1946 election, 1946

Mainly pamphlets and speeches.

Comprises items 4597-4663.

Folder 51 1947 NSW state election, 1947

Comprises items 4664-4722.

Folder 52 1948 Coogee by-election and redistribution of electoral boundaries, 1948

Includes correspondence with public relations firm, Eric White and Associates.

Comprises items 4723-4800.

Folder 53 1948 redistribution of electoral boundaries, 1948

Newscuttings.

Comprises items 4801-4855.

Folder 54 1949 election, 1949

Includes a McNair political survey of the electorate of Bradfield, February 1949.

Comprises items 4856-5016.

Folder 55 1949 election, November 1949-January 1950

Comprises items 5017-5150.

Folder 56 1949 election, 1949

Includes speeches from NSW and Queensland Candidates' Convention, September 1949.

Comprises items 5151-5263.

Folder 57 1949 election, 1949

Mainly speeches and notes.

Comprises items 5264-5347.

Folder 58 1949 election, 1949

Newscuttings.

Comprises items 5348-5410.

Folder 59 1949 election, 1945-1949

Comprises items 5411-5515.

Folder 60 1950 NSW state election and 1951 federal election, 1950-1951

Includes miscellaneous papers on the 1950 NSW state election and 1951 federal election,

Comprises items 5516-5625.

Series 29 Backbencher, 1923-1933

Following his resignation and replacement by Bruce in February 1923, Hughes returned to the backbenches and did not gain ministerial office for another 11 years. All of the letters Hughes received in his capacity as a parliamentarian, 1923-1934, have been brought together to form this series. Many have copies of Hughes' replies attached, and these 'files' and all of the individual letters have been arranged in date order. The bulk of the letters are requests for support or opposition to legislation before the Parliament or requests to investigate grievances.

The topics covered include the Oil Agreement Bill (1926), the entertainment tax proposals (1929), individual cases of applications for war pensions to the War Gratuity Board, certain decisions of the Tariff Board, applications for positions in the Commonwealth Public Service, the prickly pear plague, the sale of liquor in Canberra, the flights of Sir Charles Kingsford Smith, and the duty on imported petrol and kerosene.

In addition there are papers of a purely parliamentary nature, such as reminders about Parliamentary Library Committee meetings, Senator Gardiner's testimonial, the rules covering travel allowances for parliamentarians, and papers on the visits of parliamentary delegations.

Folder 1 Correspondence, 1923-1924

Comprises items 1-45.

Folder 2 Correspondence, 1925

Comprises items 46-173.

Folder 3 Correspondence, January-June 1926

Comprises items 174-342.

Folder 4 Correspondence, July-December 1926, July 1927

Comprises items 343-423.

Folder 5 Correspondence and reports, 1927-1929

Includes a report of debates from the Conference of Commonwealth and State Ministers held at Parliament House, Melbourne, June 1927 to consider financial relations between the states and commonwealth and child endowment (1927).

Comprises items 424-452.

Folder 6 Correspondence, 1931-1933

Comprises items 453-496.

Series 30 Constituency correspondence, 1922-1952

This series contains a large amount of Hughes' correspondence with constituents (individuals and organisations) from his years as the Member for North Sydney (1922-1949) and Bradfield (1949-1952). The 'files' of correspondence and memoranda, which are mostly from the 1940s, have been arranged by the date of the initial request letter. In some cases, correspondence on certain matters has been continuous over a period of time and all relevant correspondence has been filed together.

The most common requests are for help in having a local post office built or a telephone installed. Other letters refer to job applications, pensions and introductions signed by the Prime Minister, and protests about the Statute of Westminster Bill, Chifley's Bank Bill, the building of a rocket range near Aboriginal settlements, petrol and meat rationing, and the Postal Workers Case (1947).

The series also includes the petition Hughes received prior to the December 1922 election from many North Sydney electors requesting that he leave the Bendigo electorate and stand for the new electorate of North Sydney. Please note, only part of the series has been item-numbered.

Folder 1 Petition, 1922

Petition signed by the constituents of the seat of North Sydney requesting Hughes to stand for the new electorate.

Comprises items 1-39.

Folder 2 Correspondence, 1922-1925

Comprises items 40-163.

Folder 3 Correspondence, January-August 1923

Comprises items 164-263.

Folder 4 Correspondence, June-August 1926

Comprises items 264-383.

Folder 5 Correspondence, 1931-1938

Comprises items 384-519.

Folder 6 Correspondence, 1939-1940

Comprises items 520-648.

Folder 7 Correspondence, January-December 1940

Comprises items 649-750.

Folder 8 Correspondence, February 1940-1941

Comprises items 751-872.

Folder 9 Correspondence, March 1940-1941

Comprises items 873-975.

Folder 10 Correspondence, May 1940-1941

Comprises items 976-1110.

Folder 11 Correspondence, June 1940-1941

Comprises items 1111-1253.

Folder 12 Correspondence, July 1940-1941

Comprises items 1254-1399.

Folder 13 Correspondence, August 1940-1941

Comprises items 1400-1551.

Folder 14 Correspondence, September 1940-1941

Comprises items 1552-1661.

Folder 15 Correspondence, October 1940-1941

Comprises items 1662-1789.

Folder 16 Correspondence, November 1940-1941

Comprises items 1790-1882.

Folder 17 Correspondence, December 1940-1941

Comprises items 1883-1955.

Folder 18 Correspondence, January-April 1941

Comprises items 1956-2116.

Folder 19 Correspondence, February-October 1941

Comprises items 2117-2242.

Folder 20 Correspondence, March-May 1941

Comprises items 2243-2346.

Folder 21 Correspondence, May-October 1941

Comprises items 2347-2431.

Folder 22 Correspondence, October 1941-1942

Comprises items 2432-2541.

Folder 23 Correspondence, October 1941-1942

Comprises items 2542-2627.

Folder 24 Correspondence, November 1941-1942

Comprises items 2628-2709.

Folder 25 Correspondence, December 1940-1943

Comprises items 2710-2830.

Folder 26 Correspondence, January-December 1942

Comprises items 2831-2927.

Folder 27 Correspondence, February-November 1942

Comprises items 2928-3028.

Folder 28 Correspondence, March 1942-1943

Comprises items 3029-3105.

Folder 29 Correspondence, May-December 1942

Comprises items 3106-3193.

Folder 30 Correspondence, July-October 1942

Comprises items 3194-3331.

Folder 30a Correspondence, August 1942-1943

Comprises items 3332-3440.

Folder 30b Correspondence, September 1942-1943

Comprises items 3441-3507.

Folder 30c Correspondence, October 1942-1943

Comprises items 3508-3600.

Folder 30d Correspondence, November 1942-1943

Comprises items 3601-3697.

Folder 30e Correspondence, January-April 1943

Comprises items 3698-3869.

Folder 30f Correspondence, March 1943-1945

Most letters range from March -June 1943. Some ongoing correspondence until 1945.

Comprises items 3870-3966.

Folder 31 Correspondence, April 1943-1945

Most letters range from April-June 1943. Some ongoing correspondence until 1945.

Comprises items 3967-4155.

Folder 32 Correspondence, April-June 1943

Comprises items 4156-4257.

Folder 33 Correspondence, June-August 1943

Comprises items 4258-4343.

Folder 34 Correspondence, August-November 1943

Comprises items 4344-4413.

Folder 35 Correspondence, August-November 1943

Comprises items 4414-4575.

Folder 36 Correspondence, November-December 1943

Comprises items 4576-4708.

Folder 37 Correspondence, December 1943-February 1944

Includes a series of pro-forma letters arguing against meat rationing through the use of coupons.

Comprises items 4709-4819.

Folder 38 Correspondence, January-November 1944

Comprises items 4820-5001.

Folder 39 Correspondence, March-August 1944

Comprises items 5002-5151.

Folder 40 Correspondence, May 1944-June 1945

Mainly correspondence originating in May-June 1944.

Comprises items 5152-5306.

Folder 41 Correspondence, July 1944-April 1945

Mainly correspondence originating in July-August 1944.

Comprises items 5307-5666.

Folder 42 Correspondence, September-December 1944

Comprises items 5667-5853.

Folder 43 Correspondence, October 1944-January 1946

Mainly correspondence originating in October 1944.

Comprises items 5854-5989.

Folder 44 Correspondence, November 1944-January 1945

Comprises items 5990-6044.

Folder 45 Correspondence, November 1944-September 1945

Comprises items 6045-6185.

Folder 46 Correspondence, December 1944-July 1945

Comprises items 6186-6413.

Folder 47 January 1945-April 1946

Comprises items 6414-6599.

Folder 48 Correspondence, January 1945-March 1947

Comprises items 6600-6838.

Folder 49 Correspondence, February-October 1945

Comprises items 6839-7105.

Folder 50 Correspondence, March-September 1945

Comprises items 7106-7296.

Folder 51 Correspondence, April-October 1945

Comprises items 7297-7434.

Folder 52 Correspondence, May 1945-January 1946

Comprises items 7435-7682.

Folder 53 Correspondence, June 1945-May 1946

Comprises items 7683-7853.

Folder 54 Correspondence, July 1945-September 1946

Comprises items 7854-8024.

Folder 55 Correspondence, August 1945-November 1946

Comprises items 8025-8237.

Folder 56 Correspondence, September 1945-June 1946

Comprises items 8238-8479.

Folder 57 Correspondence, October 1945-May 1946

Comprises items 8480-8712.

Folder 58 Correspondence, November 1945-March 1947

Comprises items 8713-8991.

Folder 59 Correspondence, December 1945-July 1946

Comprises items 8992-9262.

Folder 60 Correspondence, January 1946-January 1947

Comprises items 9263-9606.

Folder 61 Correspondence, February-May 1946

Comprises items 9607-9848.

Folder 62 Correspondence, March 1946-February 1947

Comprises items 9849-10144.

Folder 63 Correspondence, April-September 1946

Comprises items 10145-10443.

Folder 64 Correspondence, May 1946-August 1947

Comprises items 10444-10734.

Folder 65 Correspondence, June 1946-February 1947

Comprises items 10735-10855. Remaining folios have not been numbered.

Folder 66 Correspondence, June 1946-February 1947
Folder 67 Correspondence, August 1946-August 1947
Folder 68 Correspondence, September-December 1946
Folder 69 Correspondence, October 1946-August 1947
Folder 70 Correspondence, November 1946-June 1947
Folder 71 Correspondence, December 1946-February 1947
Folder 72 Correspondence, January-September 1947
Folder 73 Correspondence, February 1947-February 1948
Folder 74 Correspondence, February-August 1948
Folder 75 Correspondence, March-August 1947
Folder 76 Correspondence, April 1947-December 1948
Folder 77 Correspondence, May-October 1947
Folder 78 Correspondence, June-October 1947
Folder 79 Correspondence, July-November 1947
Folder 80 Correspondence, August 1947-March 1948
Folder 81 Correspondence, August 1947
Folder 82 Correspondence, September 1946-March 1949
Folder 83-84 Correspondence, September 1947

Includes many letters opposing bank nationalisation.

Folder 85-86 Correspondence, September-November 1947

Includes many letters opposing bank nationalisation.

Folder 87 Correspondence, October 1947-November 1948
Folder 88 Correspondence, November 1947-August 1948
Folder 89 Correspondence, c.1947

Mainly undated correspondence opposing the bank nationalisation.

Folder 90 Correspondence, c.1940s

Undated correspondence.

Folder 91 Correspondence, January 1948-August 1949
Folder 92 Correspondence, February-November 1948
Folder 93 Correspondence, March 1948-July 1949
Folder 94 Correspondence, April-July 1948
Folder 95 Correspondence, May 1948-May 1949
Folder 96 Correspondence, June 1948-April 1949
Folder 97 Correspondence, July 1948-April 1949
Folder 98 Correspondence, August 1948-January 1949
Folder 99 Correspondence, September 1948-January 1949
Folder 100 Correspondence, October 1948-March 1949
Folder 101 Correspondence, November 1948-August 1949
Folder 102 Correspondence, December 1948-November 1949
Folder 103 Correspondence, January-May 1949
Folder 104 Correspondence, February-July 1949
Folder 105 Correspondence, March-September 1949
Folder 106 Correspondence, April-June 1949
Folder 107 Correspondence, May-August 1949
Folder 108 Correspondence, June-September 1949
Folder 109 Correspondence, July 1948-August 1949
Folder 110 Correspondence, August-September 1949
Folder 111 Correspondence, September-November 1949
Folder 112 Correspondence, October 1948-October 1949
Folder 113 Correspondence, November 1949-June 1950
Folder 114 Correspondence, December 1949-February 1950
Folder 115 Correspondence, January-November 1950
Folder 116 Correspondence, May-October 1950
Folder 117 Correspondence, June-October 1950
Folder 118 Correspondence, July-December 1950
Folder 119 Correspondence, August-December 1950
Folder 120 Correspondence, September 1950-February 1951
Folder 121 Correspondence, November 1950-June 1951
Folder 122 Correspondence, January-August 1951
Folder 123 Correspondence, February-July 1951
Folder 124 Correspondence, April-August 1951
Folder 125 Correspondence, May-July 1951
Folder 126 Correspondence, June-September 1951
Folder 127 Correspondence, July-December 1951
Folder 128 Correspondence, September 1951-June 1952
Folder 129 Correspondence, November 1951-February 1952
Folder 130 Correspondence, January-June 1952
Folder 131 Correspondence, February-July 1952
Folder 132 Correspondence, March-November 1952
Folder 133 Correspondence, April-September 1952
Folder 134 Correspondence, June-September 1952
Folder 135 Correspondence, August-October 1952

Series 31 Amalgamated Wireless (Australasia) Ltd, 1920-1952

Amalgamated Wireless (Australasia) Ltd (AWA) was formed in 1913. Following a parliamentary enquiry in 1922, the Hughes Government bought a majority of its shares and transferred to it all the radio services conducted until then by the Post Office. Its controlling board consisted of three government appointed directors and three nominated by AWA, and incredibly, Hughes himself was the seventh and independent director. He remained a director for the rest of his life and was also a director of a subsidiary, the Amalgamated Wireless Value Company Pty Ltd. He was also a member of at least one Cabinet subcommittee on radio communications and AWA. More than once Hughes was obliged to defend his position and other AWA matters in Parliament.

With the exception of some letters to Hughes in 1932 while in Britain and Geneva by AWA's London representative, A. Longstaff, all of the papers in the collection that Hughes received as an AWA director and as a participant in various related government activities are in this series. It consists principally of letters, circulars and memoranda received as a director, 1922-1952. There are, however, some reports, Cabinet papers, letters requesting work with AWA, copies of some of the correspondence of AWA's Chairman and Managing Director, Sir Ernest Fisk, some speech notes, statistics, and cuttings.

The main correspondents are Sir George Knowles, L. A. Hooke, I. F. Wilson, George McLeay, John Curtin, and Fisk himself. Some of the topics dealt with in the series are the 1922 enquiry on the proposed merger with the Government, the 1930 agreement between AWA and the Imperial and International Communications Ltd, the 1927 Royal Commission, the building of beam wireless stations in the 1920s, proposals in the early 1940s involving Cable and Wireless Ltd and AWA's relinquishing of its overseas telecommunications functions, and the sale of the Government's shares in 1956.

Folder 1 Correspondence, newscuttings and reports, 1920-1923

Includes a copy of 'Proposal to establish direct wireless service between Australia and England' (June 1920).

Folder 2 Correspondence, memorandum, newscuttings and reports, 1924-1925

Subjects include broadcasting wave lengths, beam stations and wireless services.

Folder 3 Correspondence, memorandum, newscuttings and reports, 1926
Folder 4 Correspondence, memorandum, newscuttings and reports, 1927

Includes a copy of Report of the Royal Commission on Wireless together with appendices (1927) .

Also includes the 'actual creed perforated slip' of the first radiogram transmitted from Central Radio Office, Sydney by Hughes to Lord Burnham, London, via beam, 8 April 1927.

Folder 5 Correspondence, notes and reports, 1927

Includes copies of agreements between AWA and the Commonwealth Government and comments by AWA on the Royal Commission.

Folder 6 Correspondence, notes and memorandum, 1928-1929

Includes a statement on the wireless - cable merger scheme (1928).

Folder 7 Correspondence, memorandum, newscuttings and reports, 1930-1934

Includes cuttings on the first telephone service between Australia and England and notes on AWA.

Also includes a copy of Tune in to the Radiola advertising campaign (1932).

Folder 8 Correspondence, notes and reports, 1935

Includes notes on the activities of AWA and a report of the Imperial Wireless and Cable Conference, 1928.

Folder 9 Correspondence, newscuttings, notes and reports, 1925-1939

Includes a copy of Memorandum and articles of association of Amalgamated Wireless (Australasia) Limited (1925) and a report 'World range broadcasting' (1939).

Folder 10 Correspondence, 1940
Folder 11 Correspondence and reports, January-March 1941

Includes report 'Proposals relating to overseas telegraphic services : submitted by Postmaster-General for consideration of Cabinet' (January 1941).

Folder 12 Correspondence and reports, April-December 1941

Includes report 'Proposed formation of new telecommunication company in Australia' by the Postmaster-General's Department, April, 1941.

Folder 13 Correspondence, 1942
Folder 14 Correspondence, 1943
Folder 15 Correspondence, 1943-1944

Includes an address by Sir Ernest Fisk, Chairman of the Board of AWA, at a general meeting of the company, Sydney, 4 December 1944.

Folder 16 Correspondence, newscuttings, notes and reports, 1946

Includes an annual report for AWA, 1946.

Folder 17 Correspondence and receipts, 1947-1949
Folder 18 Correspondence, newscuttings, notes and reports, 1950-1952

Includes an annual report for AWA, 1951 and an address by the Chairman and Managing Director at a general meeting, 10 December 1951.

Folder 19 Reports, notes and printed material, c.1920s-c.1940s

Includes copies of the 1922 Wireless Service agreement and a report on the 'Development of AWA', (n.d.).

Also includes a copy of a pamphlet Facts regarding the wireless industry in Australia (n.d.).

Series 32 Subject files, 1919-1941

Between Hughes' political demise in 1923 and the outbreak of World War II, a number of broad areas of public policy held his attention and tapped his organising instincts. This series has papers on a number of these policy areas, particularly defence. Others such as federal policy on arbitration and to the League of Nations are covered, in part, by the next three series. The present series has been divided into two sub-series, the first being on defence, the second concerning 14 other policy areas, events or subjects.

Aside from his ministerial duties, Hughes gave close attention during the 1930s to the drift of international events towards war. In his view, there was a consequent need for Australia to rebuild her defence following the neglect of the 1920s and the impotence of the League of Nations to prevent the one thing more than anything else it was established to prevent. '70,000 men needed to keep 7,000,000 free' was one of his slogans, and as President of the Defence of Australia League (established in 1933) and later as Chairman of a Cabinet subcommittee on recruiting he attempted to recruit them. Re-equipping of the Royal Australian Air Force was also advocated.

Subseries 32.1 Defence, c.1920-1941

These papers relate basically to the work of the Cabinet subcommittee and the organisation it worked through, the Australian Defence League (ADL). There are letters and telegrams from Ministers of Defence, particularly G. A. Street, concerning the expenses of the ADL, the lines of responsibility between the subcommittee, the branches of the ADL, and the Army Recruiting Secretariat, and the strength of the Army. Other letters are from branch secretaries of the ADL, the Director-General of Recruiting Norman Whitefield, State Recruiting Committees, Pauline Grieve of the ADL Women's Auxiliary, other groups which supported the recruiting drive, and others such as Percy Deane.

This subseries also includes press statements, notes and drafts for speeches and broadcasts on defence, newscuttings including an album on Mussolini, Hitler, Great Britain defence preparations and Hughes recruiting rallies. The few items on the Defence of Australia League include a draft constitution, some correspondence, notes on the strategic importance of air defence and statistics on army numbers, an open letter to Hughes from Sir Thomas Henley, and the League's pamphlet Australia's defence.

Folder 1 Broadcasts, speeches and notes, 1938

Subjects include defence of Australia; defence policy and national unity.

Folder 2 Speeches and notes, n.d. Subjects include defence of Australia; League of Nations and world peace.

Subjects include defence of Australia; League of Nations and world peace.

Folder 3 Speeches and notes, Subjects include defence of Australia and the defence forces.

Subjects include defence of Australia and the defence forces.

Folder 4 Speeches and notes, Subjects include defence of Australia and the threat of war.

Subjects include defence of Australia and the threat of war.

Folder 5 Newscuttings, March-April 1935

Subjects include the political situation in Europe; the Stresa conference; League of Nations and re-armament.

Folder 6 Newscuttings, March-April 1935

Subjects include the political situation in Europe; the Stresa conference; League of Nations and re-armament.

Folder 7 Newscuttings, May 1935-May 1938

Mainly cuttings from May 1935 and May 1938. Subjects include the political situation in Europe; the Stresa conference; League of Nations and re-armament.

Folder 8 Newscuttings, 1928-May 1935

Mainly cuttings from March-May 1935. Subjects include the political situation in Europe; the Stresa conference; League of Nations and re-armament.

Folder 9 1935-1936

Mainly cuttings from March 1935. Subjects include the political situation in Europe; the Stresa conference; League of Nations and re-armament.

Folder 10 May 1938

Subjects include defence policy and the political situation in Europe.

Folder 11 Correspondence, notes and reports, 1926-1936

Includes Department of Defence Estimates of expenditu re and papers relating to the Australian Defence League.

Folder 12 Correspondence, notes and reports, 1938

Includes information requested by Hughes regarding the raising of the militia forces to 70,000.

Folder 13 Notes and speeches, 1937-1939

Material relating to the militia recruitment campaign.

Folder 14 Correspondence, notes and speeches, January-March 1939

Material relating to the militia recruitment campaign.

Folder 15 Correspondence, April 1939-August 1941

Mainly relating to the militia recruitment campaign.

Folder 16 Newscuttings, November 1938-February 1939

Cuttings relating to the militia recruitment campaign.

Folder 17 Newscuttings, November 1938-February 1939

Cuttings relating to the militia recruitment campaign.

Folder 18 Correspondence, notes, speeches and printed material, Miscellaneous material relating to the militia recruitment campaign.

Miscellaneous material relating to the militia recruitment campaign.

Also includes a leaflet Keep Australia safe!: 70,000 men to keep 7,000,000 people free.

Subseries 32.2 Other policy areas, 1919-1938

This subseries consists of letters, notes, speeches, newscuttings and printed material on the following subjects: broadcasting and the ABC Bill, 1932; Commonwealth Steamship Line; conciliation and arbitration; the Depression and the economy including Sir Otto Niemeyer's report; Federal/State relations; immigration; government and politics; wireless installation on small ships and the Navigation Bill (1935); New States Movement and the Royal Commission; northern development; power alcohol; referenda, 1919-1932; sugar; trade and tariffs and the Ottawa Agreement and the Welsh National Temple of Peace and Health.

Folder 19 Broadcasting, 1930-1932

Includes a copy of the bill to establish the Australian Broadcasting Commission (1932).

Folder 20 Commonwealth Steamship Line, 1927-1928
Folder 21 Commonwealth Steamship Line, 1921-1927
Folder 22 Depression and the economy, 1930-1933

Includes copies of Sir Otto Niemeyer' s report : bond or free : reply by W. M. Hughes (c.1932) and other material related to this report and the economy during this period.

Folder 23 Depression and the economy, 1929-1930

Includes material on Sir Otto Niemeyer's visit to Australia and the Australian economy.

Folder 24 Federal-state relations, 1926-1929
Folder 25 Depression and the economy, 1930-1931

Includes material on Sir Otto Niemeyer's visit to Australia and the Australian economy.

Folder 26 Immigration, 1927-1928

Cuttings have been indexed.

Folder 27 Immigration, 1928

Cuttings have been indexed.

Folder 28 Immigration, 1927-1928
Folder 29 Immigration, 1928-1929
Folder 30 Immigration, 1923-1935
Folder 31 Government and politics, 1934

Includes various memoranda and weekly briefings produced by Irvine Douglas, Publicity Officer, Prime Minister's Department.

File also includes some loose leaf election flyers for the UAP Party.

Folder 32 Wireless installation on small ships, 1934-1935

Includes papers on the Navigation Bill, 1935.

Folder 33 Wireless installation on small ships, 1935

Includes papers on the Navigation Bill, 1935.

Folder 34 Wireless installation on small ships, 1934-1935

Includes papers on the Navigation Bill, 1935 and a copy of the Navigatio n Act 1912-1926.

Folder 35 New States Movement and Royal Commission, - Includes copy of pamphlet Unificatio n proposals ... also objections to proposals and an explanatio n of the New State Movement .... [1924]

Includes copy of pamphlet Unificatio n proposals ... also objections to proposals and an explanatio n of the New State Movement .... [1924]

Folder 36 Northern development, 1933-1936

Includes report by Donald Thompson 'Interim general report of preliminary expedition to Arnhem Land, Northern Territory of Australia, 1935-1936' (1936).

Also includes report by George Treloar 'Nile of Australia: the case for the utilisation of the Darling River and its tributaries' (March 1933).

Folder 37 Power alcohol, 1925-1937

Includes a copy of Proposed power alcohol industry: in its direct relation to the sugar industry of Australia.

Folder 38 Referenda, 1919-1937
Folder 39 Sugar, February-September 1935
Folder 40 Sugar, September-December 1935
Folder 41 Sugar, January 1936-March 1937
Folder 42 Sugar, 1931-1935
Folder 43 Sugar, 1920-1933

Includes a copy of Reports of the Sugar Inquiry Committe e, 1931.

Folder 44 Welsh National Temple of Peace and Health, 1937-1938

Includes printed material on the Shrine.

Folder 45 Trade and tariffs, 1923-1938

Mainly printed material and newscuttings. Includes a newscutting dated 1948.

Folder 46 Trade and tariffs,
Folder 47 Trade and tariffs and the Ottawa Agreement, 1932

Series 33 The 1929 election, 1917-1929

The Bruce-Page Government had been troubled throughout 1926-1929 by industrial disputes, particularly in the transport and coal industries, and, frustrated by the failure of conferences, arbitration, prosecutions and de-registrations to settle them, in August 1929, Bruce introduced a Maritime Industries Bill abandoning federal arbitration powers to the States. The Bill was defeated in committee by the Labor Party, the committee chairman's abstaining from voting, and a small band of Nationalist backbenchers led by Hughes. He naturally lost party preselection at the subsequent House of Representative election, but enough North Sydney branches worked to ensure his re-election as an Independent Nationalist.

The papers in this series document the part Hughes played in the events that forced the election, and the campaign both in North Sydney and generally. It is arranged into two subseries.

Subseries 33.1 Hughes' campaign in North Sydney, 1925-1929

This subseries is devoted to Hughes' campaign in North Sydney, its organisation, and the campaign of his opponents. There is correspondence between Hughes and his supporters, letters from his campaign director Eric Birks, copies of some of Birks' own correspondence, memoranda with other organisers such as H. V. Howe and H. Gilchrist, lists of helpers and scrutineers, financial records of Birks' activities, and letters drafted for members of North Sydney branches of the National Party intended for H. W. Horsfield concerning Hughes' failure to gain party preselection.

The subseries also has examples of the contestants' electoral propaganda. These include Hughes' circular letter to electors, and the various leaflets and posters distributed for Hughes, the official National Party candidate Dr L. W. Nott, the ALP candidate C. G. Banko, and the Socialist Party candidate E. E. Judd. There are also some letters by Claude McKay and A. T. Shakespeare about Nott, and some newscuttings.

Folder 1 Correspondence and telegrams, February-September 1929
Folder 2 Correspondence, 1-12 October 1929
Folder 3 Correspondence, 13-16 October 1929
Folder 4 Correspondence, 17 October-12 December 1929
Folder 5 Press statements and notes, 1926-1929

Includes some printed statistical returns from the 1925 elections.

Folder 6 Correspondence and notes, September-October 1929

Includes a scrapbook of the activities of the Willoughby Committee compiled by Wallace Gilchrist (Secretary) and a list of campaign committee members and helpers.

Folder 7 Printed material, 1929

Includes election brochures, flyers, how to vote cards, posters, reprints of addresses by Hughes and newscuttings relating to the election.

Folder 8 Newscuttings, September-October 1929

Includes comments on Nationalism during the election campaign.

Folder 9 Notes and speeches, 1925-1929

Folder titled 'Notes used by W. M. Hughes during 1929 campaign'.

Folder 10 Correspondence and notes, 1929

Includes lists of campaign helpers, volunteers and other campaign details.

Subseries 33.2 Newscuttings and other papers, 1917-1929

This subseries begins with correspondence between Hughes and the other rebel Nationalists E.A. Mann, Walter Marks, Littleton Groom, George Maxwell, W. J. McWilliams, and P. G. Stewart. Other papers include letters from A. W. Steward and Sir John Quick and unions and associations about the Conciliation and Arbitration Act and the Maritime Industries Bill.

There are some leaflets and campaign literature published by the parties, individuals and interest groups, including items issued by Mann, Marks and Groom, the Public Service Arbitration Campaign Defence Committee, the Australasian Council of Trade Unions, the Blacksmiths' Society of Australasia, and the State Instrumentalities Unions Committee. Eleven folders of newscuttings on the election complete the subseries.

Folder 11 Correspondence and notes, 12 February-16 August 1929
Folder 12 Correspondence and notes, 20 August 1929-12 November 1929
Folder 13 Speeches and notes, by Latham and Bruce, 1917-1929

Mainly speeches by Latham and Bruce.

Also includes three copies of the Maritime Industries Bill, 1929.

Folder 14 Printed material, 1925-1929

Includes speeches by Latham and Bruce on the Conciliation and Arbitration Bill; other miscellaneous pamphlets and leaflets on the arbitration system and some election campaign material.

Folder 15 Notes and speeches, 1922-1929

Subjects include conciliation and arbitration and the Maritime Industries Bill (1929).

Folder 16 Notes and speeches, 1925-1929

Subjects include conciliation and arbitration and the Maritime Industries Bill (1929).

Folder 17 Election leaflets, 1929
Folder 18 Correspondence,
Folder 19 Newscuttings, September-October 1929

Vol I.

Folder 20 Newscuttings, September-October 1929

Vol II.

Folder 21 Newscuttings, September-October 1929

Vol III.

Folder 22 Newscuttings, September-October 1929

Vol IV.

Folder 23 Newscuttings, August-October 1929

Vol V.

Folder 24 Newscuttings, September-October 1929

Vol VI.

Folder 25 Newscuttings, April-October 1929

Vol VII.

Folder 26 Newscuttings, December 1928-October 1929

Vol VIII.

Folder 27 Newscuttings, September-October 1929

Vol IX.

Folder 28 Newscuttings, February-March 1929

Vol X.

Folder 29 Newscuttings, August-September 1929

Vol XI.

Series 34 The Australian Party, 1929-1933

Having been expelled from the National Party, Hughes formed a new political party, the Australian Party, soon after the October 1929 election, from those now tired of the main parties, some disaffected Nationalists and another new party, the Australian Peoples Party. Due largely to Hughes' autocratic methods and lack of money, the Australian Party lasted for little more than a year, and fought only one election, the New South Wales State election of October 1930. A full account of the party can be found in P. B. Westaway's 'The Australian Party formed by William Morris Hughes, 1929-30' (B.Ec. Honours thesis, University of Sydney, 1956).

The series comprises Hughes' correspondence with people wishing to join his party, with branch secretaries and officials and some former Nationalists like Maxwell and Marks. There are also papers on the first annual convention (April 1930), notes for speeches, drafts of the constitution, lists of branch secretaries, press statements by several officials who left the party, some leaflets and cuttings, and a minute book of the Publicity and Propaganda Committee of the State Councils.

Material on the October 1930 New South Wales State election is in Series 28, and papers on Hughes' pamphlet Bond or free, which caused serious resentment among some important Australian Party members have been placed in the Depression file of Series 32.

Folder 1 Correspondence, 11 January-5 December 1929
Folder 2 Correspondence, 17 October-31 December 1929
Folder 3 Correspondence, January-February 1930
Folder 4 Correspondence, March-October 1931

Correspondence March-October 1930. Includes a misfiled letter dated 16 October 1931.

Folder 5 Receipt books, minute book and conference program, 1930

Includes a minute book of the Publicity and Propaganda Committee.

Also includes a program, standing orders and agenda of the 1st Annual Convention of the Australian Party held in Sydney, 22-26 April 1930.

Folder 6 Notes and speeches, 1929-1933

Includes notes on the party platform and objectives.

Also includes an alphabetical index of people interested in the Australian Party.

Folder 7 Newspaper cuttings, 1929-1930

Cuttings have been indexed.

Also includes a copy of the Party constitution and rules for the NSW Division (folio 24) and general policy (folio 25).

Folder 8 Correspondence, notes and speeches, c.1930

Includes notes on the ideals and aims of the Australia Party.

Also includes a photograph of Hughes and other party members (no caption details or date).

Folder 9 Speeches and speakers' notes, 1929-1930
Folder 10 Notes, newscuttings, speeches and other printed material, 1930

Includes an Australian Party policy speech delivered by Hughes in the Lane Cove Theatre, 24 September 1930.

Printed items includes copies of the party platform, constitution and manifesto, how to vote cards and other election material.

Bag 10a Stamp for 'The Australian Party', n.d.

Series 35 League of Nations, 1919-1946

The bulk of Series 35 relates to two events in Hughes' life connected with the League of Nations in the 1930s. Other League papers are in Series 16, 24, and 42. The first is his 1932 overseas trip, intended to be a holiday, which ended with Hughes partnering Bruce at Geneva as one of Australia's delegates to the Thirteenth General Assembly of the League. The other concerns his scepticism of the League's ability to prevent war and especially of sanctions - a view included in his Australia and war today (Angus & Robertson, 1935) which led to his sacking from the Lyons Government late in 1935.

Subseries 35.1 1932 overseas trip, 1932-1935

While in Naples on his way to England with his wife and daughter Helen, Hughes received a cable from Lyons requesting his attendance at Geneva. Between July and September he holidayed in England and Scotland, was in Geneva and Paris in September and October, and by December was back in Australia. Hughes was acting leader of the delegation for most of the proceedings because Bruce was detained in London on business, and a member of three Assembly committees. Sir Donald Cameron, Professor Fred Alexander and Dr Lucy Osborne were also members of the delegation.

All of the letters in the collection that Hughes received between June and December 1932 can be found in this subseries. In addition, there are drafts of speeches, League publications, cuttings, some dinner programs, an engagement diary, and copies of some of Hughes' own letters. The latter includes a long letter to Claude McKay summing up his feelings at the end of the Assembly. There is also a record of a conversation about mandates that Hughes had with the French Prime Minister, Edouard Herriot and some photographs of a wreath-laying ceremony at Port Said (November 1932).

Folder 1 Correspondence, May-December 1932

Includes a small pocket engagement diary (July-October 1932).

Folder 2 Correspondence, October 1932
Folder 3 Correspondence, newscuttings, notes, telegrams and photographs, November 1932-Febrary 1933

Includes newscuttings, notes, order of service and photographs of the unveiling of the Australian and New Zealand Memorial at Port Said, Egypt, 23 November 1932.

Also includes an overseas driver's licence issued to Hughes in London (August 1932-August 1933).

Folder 4-5 Printed material, 1932

League of Nations report Appeal by the Chinese Government: report of the Commission of Enquiry (2 copies).

Folder 6 Printed material, 1932

League of Nation reports: Review of the Economic Councils in the different countries of the world ; International Labour Conference, Sixteenth S ession, Geneva, 1932 : report of the Director and Records of the Thirteenth Ordinary Session of the Assembly...

Also includes 'Notes on the International Labour Office'.

Folder 7 Printed material, 1932

Various reports from League of Nation meetings.

Also includes a copy of League of Nations Thirteenth Assembly, 26 September to 17 October 1932: report of the Australian delegation.

Folder 8-9 Printed material, 1932

Various reports from League of Nation meetings.

Subseries 35.2 Australia and war today, 1935-1943

The publication of Australia and war today coincided with the second reading debate of Pearce's Sanctions Bill. As Hughes' stand on the uselessness of sanctions directed by the League against Italy contradicted those of his leader, he was asked to resign (letter, 1 November 1935). Subseries 2 covers these events and comprises correspondence that includes letters from Lyons, L. S. Amery and Professor A. H. Charteris, speeches and notes, and cuttings of reviews and editorials.

Folder 10 Newscuttings, notes and press statements, 1935

Reviews of Hughes' publication.

Folder 11 Correspondence and telegrams, August 1935-March 1943

Includes a telegram from Lyons asking for Hughes' resignation.

Folder 12 Newscuttings, October-November 1935

Subjects include Hughes' publication; the request from Lyons for his resignation and the international political situation including League of Nation sanctions against Italy.

Folder 13 Miscellaneous notes,

Subseries 35.3 Miscellaneous papers, 1919-1946

This subseries is a mixture of letters, circulars, speeches and printed material relating in some way to the League. It includes a paper by R. G. Watt titled '1933-Chaos or recovery; where are the nations heading' (typescript, 1933), some Australian League of Nations Union circulars, the report of the Australian delegation to the Sixth Assembly (1925); some International Labour Organisation reports and journal issues reporting on the Thirteenth Assembly (1932) and the Conference for the Reduction and Limitation of Armaments.

Folder 14 Miscellaneous correspondence, circulars, notes and printed material, 1919-1946
Bag 15 Printed material, 1932

Various issues of Journal of the Thirteenth Session of the Assembly and of the Conference for the Reduction and Limitation of Arms.

Series 36 United Australia Party, 1931-1944

Following his support for a 'No Confidence' vote against Scullin in March 1931, Hughes accepted Latham's invitation to join a new coalition of non-Labour organisations formed under J. A. Lyons and called the United Australia Party (UAP). When Lyons died in April 1939 Hughes was narrowly defeated by Menzies for party leadership and became Deputy Leader. This decision was reversed in a ballot taken after Curtin's accession to power in October 1941, and Hughes remained UAP Leader and Deputy Leader of the Opposition until his resignation following the August 1943 General Election. During 1941-1943 there was disagreement in the Party over Curtin's legislation on uniform taxation and compulsory military service and open clashes with a group of sixteen led by Menzies called the National Service Group. After the 1943 Election Hughes remained as Deputy Leader to Menzies until April 1944, when he was expelled for refusing to accept a UAP decision to withdraw from the Advisory War Council.

This small series almost entirely relates to the period 1941-1943. Other UAP material is in Series 3, Series 28 (especially the 1943 election file) and Series 46. Series 36 consists of letters, telegrams, notes, press statements, reports, circulars and speeches and broadcasts, and mainly refers to the formulation of joint UAP-Country Party (CP) policy and Menzies' actions as National Service Group leader and his criticism of UAP-CP policies.

There are letters from people requesting advice about standing for UAP preselection, letters about policy addressed to Hughes as UAP leader or as Deputy Leader of the Opposition, and letters from such people as Fadden, George McLeay, H. W. Horsfield, Jos Francis, Percy Spender, Gwen Wilson, Lindley Walker, Allan Guy, N. Whitefield and UAP branch secretaries. The speeches include several referring to the disloyalty of Menzies including two that were published, Mr Menzies and unity (April 1943) and Tragedy of party strife (July 1943).

Folder 1 Correspondence and notes, 1931-1940

Includes a copy of the preliminary agenda for the annual general convention, 1933.

Folder 2 Correspondence, notes, speeches and press statements, 1941
Folder 3 Correspondence, notes, reports, telegrams and press statements, 1942
Folder 4 Correspondence, notes, speeches, telegrams and press statements, January-June 1943

Includes a copy of Hughes broadcast Mr Menzies and unity (6 April 1943).

Folder 5 Correspondence, notes, telegrams and press statements, July 1943-April 1944

Includes a copy of Hughes broadcast Tragedy of Party strife (13 July 1943).

Folder 6 Newscuttings, 1941-1943
Folder 7 Notes, speeches and press statements, c.1942-c.1943

Series 37 Minister for Health, 1923-1942

In a Cabinet reshuffle following the September 1934 election Lyons appointed Hughes Minister for Health and Minister for Repatriation. Apart from some congratulatory letters which are in Series 3, all of the papers on the former portfolio in the collection are in Series 37. They consist of letters, telegrams, memoranda and copies of cables, notes for speeches and broadcasts, some Cabinet papers, transcripts of meetings with deputations, newscuttings, printed material, and Letters Patent.

There are numerous letters and minutes from the Director-General of Health, Dr H. L. C. Cumpston, and other letters from Dr A. Watson Munroe, Roland Wilson, the Registered Nurses Association, the Tasmanian Women's Association, the Australian Mothercraft Society, and State Premiers writing in response to Hughes' request for information on State welfare schemes. The notes of deputations record Hughes' meetings with groups such as the Health Defence Association, and the Queensland Ambulance Transport Brigade, and are concerned with such diverse subjects as the establishment of a Medical Research Council and the importation of horses from India.

The series as a whole concentrates on Hughes' concern at Australia's high infant and maternal mortality and morbidity rates, and his campaign to raise money for the King George and Queen Mary Jubilee Memorial Fund. Other subjects covered include the Canberra Hospital, the Food for Babies Fund, the Stewart House Preventorium Fund, physical fitness, milk for schools, medical research, heart disease, malnutrition, tuberculosis, and the Therapeutic Substances Bill.

Folder 1 Correspondence, notes, newspaper articles and reports, 1923-1934

Includes a typescript report on the activities of the Department of Health, 1 July 1932-30 June 1933 prepared by Dr J. H. L. Cumpston.

Folder 2 Correspondence, notes and reports, January-April 1935
Folder 3 Correspondence, notes, reports, telegrams and press statements, May-December 1935
Folder 4 Correspondence, notes, newscuttings and reports, 1936
Folder 5 Correspondence, notes, newscuttings, reports and speeches, January-April 1937
Folder 6 Correspondence and newscuttings, May-June 1937
Folder 7 Correspondence, notes and press statements, July-September 1937
Folder 8 Notes and speeches, 1937
Folder 9 Newscuttings, journal articles, memorandum and notes, 1934-1937
Folder 10 Notes, speeches and printed material, 1937

Includes copies of the Therapeutic Substances Bill, 1937.

Folder 11 Printed material, 1926-1942

Various journal articles on medical issues.

Includes a copy of Save our mothers, an appeal by Hughes relating to the establishment of the Jubilee Memorial Fund.

Folder 12-14 Notes and speeches, c.1934-c.1937
Piece 15 Letters Patent appointing Hughes as Minister for Health, 23 November 1934
Piece 16 Letters Patent appointing Hughes as Minister for Health, 17 March 1936
Bag 17 Newscuttings album, 1935

Cover title 'Maternal and infant mortality'.

Bag 18 Newscuttings album, 1935

Cover title 'Health'.

Bag 19 Newscuttings file, 1935-1938

Cover title 'Health'.

Series 38 Minister for Repatriation, 1934-1937

This small series contains the few papers in the collection on the other portfolio Hughes was allocated in 1934, Repatriation. It is made up of notes of discussions between Hughes and various deputations some memoranda and handwritten notes of several cabinet decisions, a group of letters and replies and memoranda on Percy Deane's membership of the War Pensions Entitlement Appeal Tribunal (WPEAT), an album of newscuttings and Letters Patent.

The deputations concern submissions from such groups as the United Council of Ex Servicemen Associations of Queensland, the T. B. Sailors' and Soldiers' Association of Australia and the Limbless Soldiers' Association concerning new war pensions legislation enacted during Hughes' term as Minister for Repatriation.

The series also covers several personnel matters. They concern Percy Deane's request for leave and ultimate resignation as the Government's nominee on the WPEAT, the Chairmanship of the Repatriation Commission (1935), and the problem of a temporary replacement of N. R. Mighell while on leave. The series has little correspondence, but does include letters from Lieut-Col A. W. Ralston, N. R. Mighell, H. V. C. Thorby, O. H. Connell, Percy Deane, Dr T. E. Green, and Eric N. Birks.

Folder 1 Correspondence, notes and newscuttings, 1935
Folder 2 Correspondence, notes and telegrams, 1936
Folder 3 Correspondence and notes, 1937
Bag 4 Newscuttings album, 1934-1935

Only seven pages of this album have been used.

Piece 5 Letters Patent appointing Hughes as Minister for Repatriation, 23 November 1934
Piece 6 Letters Patent appointing Hughes as Minister for Repatriation, 17 March 1936

Series 39 Minister for the Navy, 1940-1942

In the third Menzies government, formed after the September 1940 general election, Hughes replaced A. G. Cameron as the Minister for the Navy, and retained this responsibility under Fadden's prime ministership until the latter was replaced by Curtin in October 1941. Papers on the Navy portfolio form this series; papers relating to the War Advisory Council from this period are in Series 46.

Most of these papers are Hughes' correspondence with members of the public, organisations, and parliamentarians seeking information about individuals in the Navy, offering suggestions and requesting to join-up. The remainder consists of minutes, from the Departmental Secretary (A. R. Nankervis), the Secretary of the Naval Board (G. L. Macandie), and the First Naval Member (Sir Ragnar Colvin). In addition, there are notes from the Department of Defence Coordination forwarding War Cabinet agenda, minutes, reports, and cables, reports from the Chief of the Naval Staff, and notes of deputations from such bodies as the Merchant Service Guild and the Maritime Transport Council concerning the sinking of merchant ships. Press statements, notes and statistics for speeches, and some Letters Patent complete the series.

Folder 1 Correspondence, cables and memoranda, January-October 1940
Folder 1a Correspondence, memoranda and telegrams, November 1940
Folder 2 Correspondence, notes and telegrams, December 1940
Folder 3 Correspondence, broadcasts, speeches, memoranda and telegrams, December 1940
Folder 4 Correspondence and notes, 1-15 January 1941
Folder 5 Correspondence, 16-31 January 1941
Folder 6 Correspondence and telegrams, 1-15 February 1941
Folder 7 Correspondence, cables and newscuttings, 16-28 February 1941
Folder 8 Correspondence, notes and newscuttings, 1-15 March 1941
Folder 9 Correspondence, speeches and telegrams, 16-31 March 1941
Folder 10 Correspondence, reports and War Cabinet agenda, 1-15 April 1941
Folder 10a Correspondence and War Cabinet agenda, 16-30 April 1941
Folder 11 Correspondence and War Cabinet agenda, May-June 1941
Bag 11a Notebook containing notes on the Navy, 1941
Folder 12 Correspondence, reports and War Cabinet minutes, July-December 1942
Folder 13 Notes, statistics and speeches, c.1940-c.1942
Piece 14 Letters Patent appointing Hughes Minister for the Navy, 19 December 1940
Piece 15 Letters Patent appointing Hughes Minister for the Navy, 7 January [1942?]

NB. On the document the date 1941 has been overtyped to become 1942(?) but by this time the Curtin government had replaced Fadden.

Series 40 Minister for Territories, 1935-1941

Hughes was appointed Minister for Territories in the cabinet reshuffle following the October 1937 General Election, and was replaced by J. A. Perkins after holding the portfolio for just under a year. During his term, decisions were made to remove the administrative capital of New Guinea from Rabaul and to investigate alternatives, and to build a road from Wau to Salamaua. Lyons recognised Hughes' interest in the strategic importance of Papua New Guinea and in the completion of these projects, and gave him permission (letter of 6 January 1939) to continue work with Perkins' replacement Eric Harrison. He was also kept informed of developments until early 1941 by J. R. Halligan of the Territories Branch of the Prime Minister's Department.

Papers in the collection on Australia's external territories, especially New Guinea, 1935-1940, form this series. It comprises correspondence, minutes, reports, telegrams, cabinet papers, press releases, some newscuttings, a typescript diary, and some printed items. The subject coverage is confined mainly to those already mentioned. The series documents the decision to leave Rabaul, with reports by vulcanologists and seismologists, and the reaction of local residents and organisations like the New Guinea Mining Association to the suggestion that the new capital be Salamaua. The draft and printed report of Brigadier-General Thomas Griffiths on the alternative sites is also here.

Other areas covered by this series are the proposed joint administration of Papua and New Guinea and the reactions of Sir Hubert Murray and the inquiry chaired by F. W. Eggleston, oil prospecting legislation, and an air service to New Guinea. There is also a copy of Jack Hides report of a Strickland-Purari Patrol (1935), a small file on Nauru, and a typed diary and some photographs covering Hughes trip to New Guinea in May-June 1938. In addition to many memoranda to Hughes from R. J. Halligan and copies of reports to Halligan from Sir Walter Ramsay McNicoll, the series has letters and telegrams from H. T. Allen, Charles Marr, Alex Rentoul, W. R. Carpenter, Sir Thomas Griffiths, Sir Charles Rosenthal, J. A. Lyons, R. G. Menzies and George Pearce.

Folder 1 Correspondence and reports, 1935-1937

Includes a report by Jack Hides on the 'Strickland-Purari patrol' (27 July 1935).

Folder 2 Diary and photographs, 1938

Material relating to a visit to Papua and New Guinea, May-June 1938.

Folder 3 Correspondence, memoranda and reports, January-April 1938

Includes a report of the Committee appointed to investigate a new site for the administrative headquarters of the Mandated Territory of New Guinea.

Folder 4 Report, April 1938

Copy of 'Report of Committee appointed to investigate new site for the Administrative Headquarters of the Mandated Territory of New Guinea' (April 1938).

Folder 5 Correspondence, notes and memoranda, May-June 1938
Folder 6 Correspondence, memoranda, notes and reports, January-July 1939

Includes a copy of Notes on the suggested combination of the administration of Papua and New Guinea by Sir Hubert Murray.

Folder 7 Report, August 1939

Copy of 'Report of Committee appointed to survey the possibility of establishing a combined administration of the Territories of Papua and New Guinea and to make a recommendation as to a capital site'.

Folder 8 Correspondence, notes and reports, August-September 1939
Folder 9 Correspondence, notes and memorandum, October-December 1939
Folder 10 Correspondence, notes and reports, 1939

Mainly relating to the Salamaua-Wau road.

Folder 11 Correspondence, memoranda, notes and reports, 1940-1941

Mainly relating to the Salamaua-Wau road.

Folder 12 Maps, notes and reports, c.1939-c.1940

Includes maps of the Salamaua-Wau road; the Bulolo and Watut areas showing goldfields and a map of Papua and New Guinea and New Britain showing seismic activity.

Also includes copies of reports on the removal of headquarters from Rabaul and the selection of a new site. (Most duplicate material found in previous folders in this series).

Folder 13 Notes and reports, c.1939-c.1940

Mainly relating to the Salamaua-Wau road.

Also includes material on air and mail services between Australia and New Guinea.

Series 41 Minister for Industry, 1938-1940

Hughes was appointed Minister for Industry in November 1938 and held this responsibility until the cabinet reshuffle a month after the September 1940 general election.

The series contains only a few papers including letters from the Australian Power Alcohol and Liquid Fuel League, Hume Cook, the Wool Repackers Association, Maritime Transport Council employees, temperance groups, G. Buckland and J. Cranwell. The subjects covered are shipbuilding, industrial trouble at a small arms factory in Lithgow, ship cargo lifting equipment and government subsidisation of the wine industry. Letters Patent appointing Hughes to this ministerial folio and a leather document wallet for signing papers complete the series.

Comprises Folder 1 and Folios 1-4.

Series 42 Minister for External Affairs, 1937-1940

Hughes was one of a rapid succession of ministers responsible for the Department of External Affairs following its re-establishment in 1935. He replaced Sir George Pearce in November 1937, held it during the brief Page Government appointed after Lyons' death, and was replaced by Sir Henry Gullett in the first Menzies Government of April 1939.

Letters, cables, memoranda, reports, cabinet papers, newscuttings, printed material and documents on this portfolio in the collection constitute Series 42. It consists principally of cables, memoranda, letters and reports, often being circulated copies of communications addressed to the Prime Minister or the Department Secretary. The correspondents include the various Secretaries of State for Dominion Affairs, Alfred Stirling, Keith Officer, Colonel W. R. Hodgson, John Hood, J. A. Lyons, Longfield Lloyd, and the Japanese and Chinese Consuls-General Wakamatsa and C. J. Pao.

The cabinet papers are agenda and refer to the International Labour Organisation, the granting of credits to the Spanish Government to purchase Australian wheat, oil concessions, and the League of Nations. Other subjects covered in Series 42 include the Senate Standing Committee on External and Territorial Affairs, the British Commonwealth Relations Conference (1938), the British diplomatic staff, and Hughes' criticism of the Dominions Office (August 1935).

Folder 1 Correspondence and reports, 1937

Includes a copy of 'Summary of proceedings of Council of Defence meeting, 17th December, 1937'.

Also includes an article by Hughes entitled 'Australia in relation to world affairs'.

Folder 2 Correspondence, notes and reports, January-July 1938

Includes a draft copy of 'Summary of proceedings of Council of Defence meeting, 24 February 1938'.

Also includes a paper titled 'Defence of Australia' presented at the British Commonwealth Relations Conference, 1938.

Folder 3 Correspondence, newscuttings, memoranda, notes and telegrams, July-December 1938
Folder 4 Cables, 1938

Includes a list of cables by number and date.

Folder 5 Correspondence, memoranda, notes and reports, January-April 1939

Includes Cabinet agenda papers.

Folder 6 Cables, January-April 1939
Folder 7 Miscellaneous notes, c.1937-c.1939
Piece 8 Letters Patent appointing Hughes as Minister for External Affairs, 14 December 1938
Piece 9 Letters Patent appointing Hughes as Minister for External Affairs, 19 December 1940
Bag 10 Leather document wallet with blotter for signing letters, 1937-c.1939

Item is inscribed with Hughes' name and 'Minister for External Affairs'.

Series 43 Attorney-General, c.1934-1942

Hughes was appointed Attorney-General by Menzies in the government he formed following the death of Lyons and remained so until Curtin replaces Menzies in October 1941. Series 43 contains all the relevant material in the Hughes Papers on the various responsibilities of this portfolio, and has been sorted into three subseries, General Papers, Industrial papers and Security papers. The following series, Series 44, is also related to Hughes' actions as Attorney-eneral.

Subseries 43.1 General papers, 1939-1942

The material in this subseries consists basically of letters written to the Attorney-General, and copies of the subsequent correspondence - usually beginning with a letter from Hughes' secretary Malcolm Booker to the Department Secretary. This correspondence refers to the use of the National Security Regulations against individuals such as Thomas Ratcliffe and organisations such as the Jehovah's Witnesses, to the search of homes and the confiscation of literature, and to the imprisonment of Mrs P. Johnston. The main correspondents are unions, branches of the Australian Labor Party, and the Australian Council for Civil Liberties.

Letters containing allegations of 'subversion' or examples of 'subversive' literature that were forwarded by Hughes of his secretary to the Department Secretary are also in this subseries. It also has minutes from Sir George Knowles and J. G. Castieu about subjects like the powers of sentries to fire on or arrest suspected persons, patent and copyright legislation, government employees engaged in communist activities, the National Security (Land Transfer) Regulations, and moratorium legislation. Hughes' several Letters Patent commissioning him as Attorney-General are also located here.

Folder 1 Correspondence, memorandum and notes, 1939-1942

Includes a copy of the judgement in the flour tax case.

Folder 2 Correspondence, memoranda and receipts, February-June 1940

Includes a copy of a pamphlet Makings of an Australian manifesto by J. H. Rhodes.

Folder 3 Correspondence, July 1940
Folder 4 Correspondence, August-September 1940
Folder 5 Correspondence and memoranda, October 1940
Folder 6 Correspondence, November-December 1940
Folder 7 Correspondence, January 1941
Folder 8 Correspondence, February 1941
Folder 9 Correspondence, March 1941

Includes an issue of Rail Road, 25 March, 1941 and extracts from newspapers relating to Lloyd Ross.

Folder 10 Correspondence and notes, July-October 1941
Folder 11 Correspondence, April-June 1941
Piece 12 Letters Patent appointing Hughes Attorney-General, 28 April 1939
Piece 13 Letters Patent appointing Hughes Attorney-General, 8 August 1939
Piece 14 Letters Patent appointing Hughes Attorney-General, 23 September 1940
Piece 15 Letters Patent appointing Hughes Attorney-General, 19 December 1940

(Two copies).

Piece 16 Letters Patent appointing Hughes Attorney-General, 7 January 1942

On the document the date 1941 has been overtyped to become 1942? But by this time the Curtin government had replaced Fadden.

Subseries 43.2 Industrial papers, 1939-1941

This subseries relates to Hughes concern for industrial disputes, amendments to the Conciliation and Arbitration Act, applications for work as Peace Officers and Industrial Inspectors, and reports like Justice Ferguson's on pensions for coalminers (1940) and Senator A. N. Macdonald's on employment on the waterfront (1939). The disputes referred to include the metal workers strike at the Broken Hill Proprietary Ltd, the builders strike in Darwin, several waterfront stoppages, a gas workers dispute and the question of a picking-up place for the Members of Painters and Dockers Union.

Letters to Hughes as Attorney-General on industrial matters are from J. Healey, John Curtin, J. S. Collings, H. Holt, G. R. Richards, J. Indehope, G. D. Williams, C. Macdonald, Justice George Beeby and from Hughes' secretary. Further papers on unions, such as intelligence reports, are filed in the following subseries.

Folder 17-18 Reports, 1939

Various reports relating to an investigation into conditions on the waterfront in Queensland ports, May 1939 and at Port Kembla, NSW.

Folder 19 Newscuttings and notes, May-June 1939

Subjects include the use of refugees and migrants as 'sweat' labour and wage conditions.

Folder 20 Correspondence and notes, 1939

Includes material relating to the Commonwealth Conciliation and Arbitration Bill 1939 and a strike in Darwin.

Folder 21 Correspondence and notes, January-June 1940
Folder 22 Correspondence and notes, 1940

Includes some transcripts of proceedings from the Royal Commission into pensions for coal miners compulsorily retired at 60 years of age.

Folder 23 Correspondence, memorandum, newscuttings and notes, 1941
Folder 24 Miscellaneous notes,

Subseries 43.3 Other papers, c.1934-1941

Under the powers of the National Security (Subversive Associations) Regulations the Government had the power to ban organisations whose activities it regarded as 'prejudicial to the defence of the Commonwealth or the efficient conduct of the war'. The Attorney-General was informed of the actions of such groups as the Communist Party of Australia (CPA) by his department's Investigation Branch, and this subseries includes reports and letters on rallies at the Sydney Domain, public meetings and weekly summaries of industrial news.

There are references to the Easter Festival of Drama, the Australian Peace Pledge Union, the CPA, the No Conscription Campaign Committee, the Air Raid Precaution Committee, the Congress Against Conscription and for the Defence of Australia, the Jehovah's Witnesses, Friends of the Soviet Union, Australian Labour League of Youth, Australian Youth Council, Think Australia Movement, Congress for Friendship and Aid to the Soviet Union and the British Soviet Friendship League.

In addition to reports, there are a number of cabinet papers, committee reports and cables documenting the reorganisation of the administration of internal security, letters containing information about 'subversive' organisations referred to the Investigation Branch and letters from men requesting work as investigation officers. The main correspondents are Colonel H. Jones, Longfield Lloyd, Sir George Knowles, Major Ware and D. B. Mitchell.

Folder 25 Correspondence, memoranda, notes and reports, February 1939-January 1940
Folder 26 Correspondence, notes, reports and printed material, January-February 1940

Includes examples of articles and magazines of organisations under the scrutiny of the government.

Folder 27 Correspondence, notes, reports and printed material, March-April 1940

Includes a report on Edward Conrad Englart of the Waterside Workers' Federation.

Folder 28 Correspondence, notes and reports, February 1939-June 1940

Includes a copy of 'Report of Inter-departmental Committee on Organization of National Security Intelligence' (February 1939).

Folder 29 Correspondence, reports and memoranda, July 1940
Folder 30 Correspondence, reports and memoranda, 1936-1940
Folder 31 Correspondence, notes and reports, September 1940
Folder 32 Correspondence, notes and reports, October-December 1940
Folder 33 Correspondence, reports and memoranda, January 1941
Folder 34 Correspondence and memoranda, February-March 1941
Folder 35 Correspondence, notes and reports, April-June 1941
Folder 36 Correspondence and reports, July-August 1941
Folder 37 Correspondence, notes, reports and printed material, September-October 1941

Includes issues of Freedom's Voice, Tribune and Communist Review.

Folder 38 Miscellaneous notes, reports and printed material,

Series 44 Australian Democratic Front, 1939-1943

In February 1940 the War Cabinet commissioned Hughes to organise a campaign to counter communist influence within the trade unions. Funds were allocated subject only to check by the Attorney-General. Hughes worked through the Australian Democratic Front (ADF), a body with little public support and little organisation, but with two very active officials, Organising Secretary J. T. Barnes and President George Christie. The Front did little more than arrange broadcasts for Hughes and distribute anti-communist pamphlets. Some of the funds allocated to the ADF were used to finance a tour in 1940 of strike bound coalfields by Charles Nelson, President of the Miners' Federation, and was passed to Nelson through an intermediary, the journalist Joseph Hinkler. Late in 1941, following allegations of bribery of union officials, Curtin appointed a Royal Commission to enquire into the 'secret funds' affair. Sir Percival Halse Rogers was the only Commissioner. Hughes was found guilty, in Fitzhardinge's opinion, of 'carelessness' and 'errors of judgment'.

Material in the collection on both the ADF and the Royal Commission forms Series 44. There is correspondence between Hughes and D. R. Mitchell of the Investigation Branch, and Hughes and Christie, a draft constitution, reports from Christie and Barnes, material on communism in the unions, and reports by Mitchell on the communists' reaction to the establishment of the Front. The bulk of the papers on the Royal Commission consists of transcripts of evidence. There are also draft statements by Hughes, Rogers' report, statements by G. A. Watson and the Department, cuttings on the inquiry, and correspondence between Hughes and well-wishers following the tabling of the report.

Folder 1 Correspondence, newscuttings, notes, speeches and reports, 1940

Includes a pamphlet containing Hughes' speech Call to the nation.

Folder 2 Correspondence, notes, reports and press statements, 1941-1943

Mainly papers from 1941.

Folder 3 Notes and reports, 1939-1941

Includes report entitled Royal Commission to inquire into circumstances under which certain public moneys were used, and to whom, and for what purposes such moneys were paid, etc.

Also includes 4 folders (Pts 1-4) entitled 'Communism in Australia: material for the Royal Commission'. Part 4 contains samples of anti-war propaganda literature.

Folder 4 Notes and reports, 1939-1941

Consists of three folders (Parts 5-7) entitled 'Communism in Australia: material for the Royal Commission'. Subjects include strikes; coal strike of 1940 and counter propaganda.

Folder 5 Notes, reports and printed material, 1939-1941

Material on communism and various pamphlets produced by the ADF.

Also includes 3 folders (Parts 10-12) entitled 'Communism in Australia: material for the Royal Commission'.

Folder 6 Transcripts of the Royal Commission, October 1941

Transcripts for 10 and 14 October.

Folder 7 Transcripts of the Royal Commission, October 1941

Transcripts for 15-17 October.

Folder 8 Transcripts of the Royal Commission, October 1941

Transcripts for 20-21October.

Folder 9 Transcripts of the Royal Commission, October-November 1941

Transcripts for 22 and 24 October and 10 November.

Folder 10 Transcripts of the Royal Commission, November 1941

Transcripts for 11-13 November.

Folder 11 Miscellaneous notes and statements, October-November 1941

Material relating to the Royal Commission.

Folder 12 Miscellaneous notes, newscuttings and statements, October-November 1941

Material relating to the Royal Commission.

Folder 13 Miscellaneous printed material, 1939-1941

Includes Communist Party material and leaflets and broadcasts issued by the ADF.

Folder 14 Miscellaneous correspondence, speeches and notes, c.1939-c.1941

Includes material on the ADF and communism.

Series 45 Parliamentarian and Cabinet member, 1934-1943

Papers in the collection of a general nature which came to Hughes while a Member of Parliament between 1934 and 1942 and while a member of the Lyons, Page, Menzies and Fadden Governments have been brought together to form Series 45. Papers on specific portfolios are in Series 37-Series 43, and papers on Hughes the parliamentarian are in Series 28, Series 29 and Series 47. This series has been divided into four parts: Correspondence; Cabinet papers; Cables; and Deputations and reports.

Subseries 45.1 Correspondence, 1934-1943

This subseries is Hughes' correspondence with individuals and organisations asking him to represent a cause or grievance in cabinet or with a fellow minister. For the earlier years, 1934-1938, the subseries is arranged by year of correspondence. The much greater volume of correspondence for the early war years, mainly 1940-1941, is further arranged alphabetically by correspondent (at this stage only to the letter of the correspondent's name). Most of this has the name written on the top right hand corner of the correspondence suggesting this was the way it was filed.

The subseries also has letters from a wide range of people including Francis Birtles, Mary Gilmore, and P. G. Taylor, forwarding suggestions, often inventions, for use in the war effort. Requests for release from the Army, the release of internees, an interview, the abolition of wet canteens, increased pensions, and employment are also common. Copies of letters addressed to the Prime Minister and circulated to his ministers are also filed here, as are letters and telegrams advising of the dates and times of cabinet and cabinet committee meetings.

Some of the specific request letters are from Kingsford Smith on the need for government support for an Australia-New Zealand air service proposal, L. J. Hartnett on tariffs and the representation of manufacturers interests in Australia, Mrs W. Sealby on the search for Kingsford Smith, R. M. Pontey on the manufacture of typewriters, and H. Gordon Bennett on his wish to be promoted to Lieutenant-General.

Folder 1 Correspondence, 1934-1936
Folder 2 Correspondence, 1936-1937
Folder 3 Correspondence and memoranda, 1935-1939

Includes a proposal for the development of air services between Australia and New Zealand by the Trans-Tasman Air Service Development Company Limited.

Folder 4 Correspondence, 1939-1941

Files arranged alphabetically: A.

Folder 5 Correspondence, 1939-1942

Files arranged alphabetically: B.

Folder 6 Correspondence, 1939-1941

Files arranged alphabetically: B.

Folder 7 Correspondence, 1940-1941

Files arranged alphabetically: B.

Folder 8 Correspondence, 1940-1941

Files arranged alphabetically: C.

Folder 9 Correspondence, 1939-1941

Files arranged alphabetically: C.

Folder 10 Correspondence, 1937-1941

Files arranged alphabetically: D.

Folder 11 Correspondence, 1940-1941

Files arranged alphabetically: E-F.

Folder 12 Correspondence, 1940-1941

Files arranged alphabetically: G.

Folder 13 Correspondence, 1940-1941

Files arranged alphabetically: H.

Folder 14 Correspondence, 1937-1941

Files arranged alphabetically: H.

Folder 15 Correspondence, 1938-1943

Files arranged alphabetically: H.

Folder 16 Correspondence, 1940-1941

Files arranged alphabetically: I-J.

Folder 17 Correspondence, 1940-1941

Files arranged alphabetically: K.

Folder 18 Correspondence, 1940-1941

Files arranged alphabetically: L.

Folder 19 Correspondence, 1940-1941

Files arranged alphabetically: L-M.

Folder 20 Correspondence, 1940-1941

Files arranged alphabetically: M.

Folder 21 Correspondence, 1939-1941

Files arranged alphabetically: N.

Folder 22 Correspondence, 1940-1941

Files arranged alphabetically: 0-P.

Folder 23 Correspondence, 1940-1941

Files arranged alphabetically: P-Q.

Folder 24 Correspondence, 1937-1941

Files arranged alphabetically: R.

Folder 25 Correspondence, 1940-1941

Files arranged alphabetically: R.

Folder 26 Correspondence, 1940-1941

Files arranged alphabetically: S.

Folder 27 Correspondence, 1939-1941

Files arranged alphabetically: S.

Folder 28 Correspondence, 1939-1941

Files arranged alphabetically: S-T.

Folder 29 Correspondence, 1940-1941

Files arranged alphabetically: U-V.

Folder 30 Correspondence, 1940-1941

Files arranged alphabetically: W.

Folder 31 Correspondence, 1939-1941

Files arranged alphabetically: W.

Folder 32 Correspondence, 1940-1941

Files arranged alphabetically: W-Z.

Subseries 45.2 Cabinet papers, 1935-1941

This subseries contains a variety of Cabinet papers Hughes received that did not relate to his own portfolios. It covers topics like the war, defence, power, alcohol, oil and the iron ore industry, the appointment of a Commonwealth Actuary, press censorship, producer gas, newsprint rationing, a proposal that Australian National Airways carry mail, aircraft production in Australia, Jewish immigration, the Australian Broadcasting Commission, housing for munitions workers, national insurance, Youth Parliament and tables of precedence. There are also references to cabinet subcommittees on preference for returned soldiers, the New Hebrides and the League of Nations. Memoranda from F. Strahan about Cabinet meetings are also filed in this subseries.

Folder 33 Memoranda, minutes, notes and reports, 1935-1936

Subjects include the Canadian-Australasian Line Ltd; 40 hour week; reform of the League Covenant and the New Hebrides.

Folder 34 Memoranda, notes and reports, 1938

Subjects include provident scheme for members of Commonwealth Parliament; freedom of speech; appointment of Commonwealth Actuary and iron ore at Yampi Sound.

Folder 35 Memoranda, notes and reports, 1939

Subjects include national health insurance; broadcasting; air services and tables of precedence and youth employment.

Folder 36 Memoranda, notes and reports, 1940

Subjects include petrol rationing; employment of returned soldiers; newsprint and paper rationing; iron and steel resources and various War cabinet agenda.

Folder 37 Memoranda, notes and reports, 1940

Subjects include coastal shipping; Jewish immigration; wheat; butter; post-war reconstruction and various War Cabinet agenda.

Folder 38 Memoranda, notes and reports, 1941

Subjects include the Australian Broadcasting Commission; an agreement for airmail services and a report of the Anglo-Dutch-Australian Conference at Singapore, February 1941.

Folder 39 Memoranda, notes and reports, 1941

Subjects include housing for munitions workers. Most of the rest of the file is War Cabinet agenda.

Folder 40-41 Memoranda, notes and reports, 1941

Mainly War Cabinet agenda.

Folder 42 Memoranda, notes and reports, 1941

Includes a report of the Western Australian War Industries Committee and various War Cabinet agenda.

Folder 43-44 Memoranda, notes and reports, 1941

Mainly War Cabinet agenda.

Subseries 45.3 Cables, 1935-1941

Hughes received copies of many cables from overseas in his capacity as a member of the War Cabinet. Those in the collection have been put in date order and constitute this subseries. They originate from the various Secretaries of State for Dominion Affairs, the Australian High Commissioner and External Affairs Officer in London, and the Australian Ministers in Washington and Tokyo.

Folder 45 Cables, 1935-1936
Folder 46 Cables, 26 April-20 June 1939
Folder 47 Cables, 22 June-24 August 1939
Folder 48 Cables, 17 January-29 February 1940
Folder 49 Cables, 1-13 March 1940
Folder 50 Cables, 14-31 March 1940
Folder 51 Cables, 2-19 April 1940
Folder 52 Cables, 9-14 May 1940
Folder 53 Cables, 14-22 May 1940
Folder 54 Cables, 22-31 May 1940
Folder 55 Cables, 1-11 June 1940
Folder 56 Cables, 11-17 June 1940
Folder 57 Cables, 17-23 June 1940
Folder 58 Cables, 23-30 June 1940
Folder 59 Cables, 1-4 July 1940
Folder 60 Cables, 5-13 July 1940
Folder 61 Cables, 13-17 July 1940
Folder 62 Cables, 20-26 July 1940
Folder 63 Cables, 10-18 August 1940
Folder 64 Cables, 18-29 August 1940
Folder 65 Cables, 14-30 September 1940
Folder 66 Cables, 1-8 October 1940
Folder 67 Cables, January-17 June 1941
Folder 68 Cables, 18-30 June 1941
Folder 69 Cables, 1-12 July 1941
Folder 70 Cables, 12-28 July 1941

Subseries 45.4 Deputations and reports, 1936-1941

This subseries is a mixture of papers on deputations to Hughes seeking his support for proposals when up for consideration by cabinet, and various reports received either as a member of the War Cabinet or as a matter of 'For information' or courtesy. The subjects covered include amendments to the Commonwealth Railways Act (May, 1936), Army contracts and the Abbco Bread Company Ltd (1941), the erection of a shelter and toolshed at Erskine and Lee Lanes (1937), the Kyeema crash (1938), a matter concerning the Authors as Artists Section of the Australian Journalists Associations (1940) and munitions production (1941).

Folder 71 Notes and reports, 1936-1938

Subjects include employment conditions of Brisbane waterside workers; trade policy and the Ottawa Agreement; amendments to the Commonwealth Railways Act and the Kyeema air disaster report.

Folder 72 Notes and reports, Subjects include the administration of the Civil Aviation Board; the import of overseas press copy and drawings and the Department of the Interior, Works and Services Branch.

Subjects include the administration of the Civil Aviation Board; the import of overseas press copy and drawings and the Department of the Interior, Works and Services Branch.

Folder 72 Notes and reports, 1941

Subjects include munitions production in Australia and the supply of bread to the Department of the Army by Abbco Bread Company Pty Ltd.

Series 46 Advisory War Council, 1940-1945

The Advisory War Council (AWC) was established by Menzies under the National Security (Advisory War Council) Regulations in October 1940, and abolished in August 1945. Hughes was a member throughout, with the exception of a brief period early in 1944 when he temporarily obeyed a United Australia Party ruling that its representatives withdraw from the Council. On Curtin's request, he returned in April 1944, and was expelled from a political party for the third time in his career. All of the AWC material in the collection is in Series 46.

Subseries 46.1 Advisory War Council papers, 1940-1945

This subseries contains papers Hughes received as a Council member such as the Australian Military Forces weekly intelligence reviews, intelligence summaries by the AHQ and GHQ, Department of External Affairs fortnightly political intelligence summaries, reports by the Combined Operational Intelligence Centre, copies of War Cabinet agenda, minutes and summaries of decisions, weekly progress reports by the Chiefs of Staff, deciphered cables from the Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs, and AWC agenda.

There is also a small amount of correspondence. It refers mainly to dates for AWC meetings, but includes letters on the decision to join the Council in October 1940 and to return in April 1944. The Letters Patent commissioning Hughes as a member and a group photo of the Council are also in this subseries. Papers are arranged in chronological order according to the month of the date of the document.

Folder 1 Correspondence, notes and memoranda, 1940

Includes a chart titled 'RAAF development: growth and distribution by area commands' (1940).

Folder 2 Correspondence and AWC agenda, January-March 1941
Folder 3 Correspondence and AWC agenda, April-May 1941
Folder 4 AWC agenda, June-July 1941
Folder 5 AWC and War Cabinet agenda, July-August 1941
Folder 6 Correspondence, AWC and War Cabinet agenda, September-October 1941
Folder 7 AWC and War Cabinet agenda and cables, November-December 1941
Folder 8 AWC and War Cabinet agenda and reports, January 1942

Includes a report on 'Lidcome aircraft engine factory' by A. W. Fadden.

Also includes a pass for entry to Victoria Barracks, Melbourne and a pass for various facilities of the Department of Munitions.

Folder 9 Reports, January 1942
Folder 10 Correspondence and cables, February 1942

Mainly cables.

Folder 11 Intelligence summaries and situation reports, February 1942
Folder 12 Cables and War Cabinet agenda, February 1942
Folder 13 AWC and War Cabinet agenda, cables, intelligence summaries and situation reports, March 1942
Folder 14 AWC and War Cabinet agenda, April 1942
Folder 15 AWC and War Cabinet agenda, cables, intelligence summaries and situation reports, April 1942
Folder 16 War Cabinet agenda, cables and situation reports, April-May 1942
Folder 17 War Cabinet agenda, cables, intelligence summaries and situation reports, June 1942
Folder 18 AWC and War Cabinet agenda, cables, intelligence summaries and situation reports, June 1942
Folder 19 AWC and War Cabinet agenda, intelligence summaries and situation reports, July-September 1942
Folder 20 AWC and War Cabinet agenda, cables, intelligence summaries and situation reports, October 1942
Folder 21 War Cabinet agenda and reports, October 1942
Folder 22 AWC and War Cabinet agenda and intelligence summaries, October-December 1942
Folder 23 War Cabinet agenda and intelligence summaries, December 1942
Folder 24 AWC and War Cabinet agenda, cables and intelligence summaries, March-June 1943
Folder 25 AWC and War Cabinet agenda, cables and intelligence summaries, July 1943

Includes a report by Sir Earl Page on malaria.

Folder 26 War Cabinet agenda and intelligence summaries and reviews, August-October 1943

Includes report 'Australia and the refugee: a record and an appeal to the Australian people.

Folder 27 AWC and War Cabinet agenda, cables and intelligence summaries and reviews, October 1943-February 1944

File includes an envelope containing extracts of cables which are mostly undated except for one for 1 February 1944.

Folder 28 AWC and War Cabinet agenda, cables and intelligence summaries and reviews, January-February 1944
Folder 29 War Cabinet agenda,
Folder 30 Reports, February-April 1944

First and second reports on 'Political welfare against Japan - report on Australian activities'.

Folder 31 Correspondence, cables, intelligence summaries and reviews, April-May 1944
Folder 32 AWC and War Cabinet agenda, cables and intelligence summaries and reviews, June-July 1944
Folder 33 AWC and War Cabinet agenda, cables and intelligence reviews, July 1944
Folder 34 AWC and War Cabinet agenda, cables and intelligence summaries and reviews, August-October 1944
Folder 35 AWC and War Cabinet agenda, cables and intelligence summaries and reviews, November-December 1944
Folder 36 AWC and War Cabinet agenda, cables and intelligence summaries and reviews, January-March 1945
Folder 37 AWC and War Cabinet agenda, cables and intelligence reviews, April 1945
Folder 38 AWC and War Cabinet agenda, cables and intelligence reviews, May 1945
Folder 39 AWC and War Cabinet agenda, cables and intelligence summaries, May-June 1945
Folder 40 AWC and War Cabinet agenda, cables and intelligence reviews, June 1945
Folder 41 AWC and War Cabinet agenda, cables and intelligence summaries and reviews, July 1945
Folder 42 AWC and War Cabinet agenda, cables and intelligence summaries, n.d.
Piece 43 Letters Patent appointing Hughes to be a member of the Australian Advisory War Council, 12 December 1941

Subseries 46.2 Hughes' criticism of the war effort, 1942

This small group of papers refers to Hughes' charges in August 1942 of complacency against the military following the Japanese landings at Buna and Gona. His statement was heavily censored for overseas transmissions and led to counter-charges by Curtin that he was using classified information of a pending attack in the Solomon Islands gained as a AWC member. A debate over censorship ensued and led to Sir Warwick Fairfax's resignation from the Press Censorship Advisory Committee. The sub-series contains a small collection of letters, drafts of speeches, press releases and cuttings on the affair.

Folder 1 Correspondence and press statements, June-August 1942
Folder 2 Correspondence, notes, press statements and speeches, August 1942
Folder 3 Newscuttings, July-August 1942

Series 47 Backbencher, 1913-1952

The series contains all of the correspondence in the collection that Hughes conducted with individuals and organisations outside his electorate between October 1941 and September 1952 requesting that he represent a particular cause or grievance. It has been arranged in date order by final or latest date with undated letters placed last. Only some of this material has the name of the correspondent written on the top right-hand corner and it is assumed most was originally not filed in alphabetical order.

As with Series 29 and Series 30, most of the correspondence consists of an initial request letter attached to a copy of Hughes' 'action' letter, usually to a minister, a copy of the minister's reply, and a thank-you letter to Hughes. The nature of the request is similar to those in Series 30, but in addition there are many letters protesting about the policies of Curtin and Chifley - rationing, tax laws, immigration policy, the bank bills, pensions, and the difficulties of buying a home.

Hughes' copy of letters sent to all parliamentarians are also in Series 47. They include for example resolutions passed by associations, circulars from the Australian Branch of the Empire Parliamentary Association, telegrams containing funeral arrangements following the death of Senator R. V. Keane (1946), some evidence presented to the Parliamentary Committee on War Profits, and circulars from the Joint House Department. There is also a draft statement of condolence by Hughes on the death of Curtin.

Folder 1 Correspondence, November 1937-November 1941
Folder 2 Correspondence, September-November 1941
Folder 3 Correspondence, August-December 1941
Folder 4-5 Correspondence, October 1941-February 1942
Folder 6 Correspondence, November-March 1942
Folder 7 Correspondence, July 1932-April 1942

Includes correspondence with attached references dated 1932.

Folder 8 Correspondence, February-May 1942
Folder 9 Correspondence, December 1941-August 1942
Folder 10 Correspondence, January-July 1942
Folder 11 Correspondence, December 1941-August 1942
Folder 12 Correspondence, March-September 1942
Folder 13 Correspondence, April-December 1942
Folder 14 Correspondence, August-November 1942
Folder 15 Correspondence, October-December 1942
Folder 16 Correspondence, 1913-January 1943

Includes correspondence with attached references dated from 1913-1934.

Folder 17 Correspondence, December 1942-March 1943
Folder 18 Correspondence, November 1942-March 1943
Folder 19 Correspondence, March-May 1943
Folder 20 Correspondence, September 1941-May 1943
Folder 21 Correspondence, December 1942-June 1943
Folder 22 Correspondence, May-July 1943
Folder 23 Correspondence, 1936-August 1943

Correspondence with F. E. Dixon including a note on city planning and housing dated 1936.

Folder 24 Correspondence, February-October 1943
Folder 25 Correspondence, May-December 1943
Folder 26 Correspondence, December 1943-February 1944
Folder 27 Correspondence, December 1943-April 1944
Folder 28 Correspondence, July 1942-July 1944
Folder 29 Correspondence, November 1943-September 1944
Folder 30 Correspondence, June 1943-October 1944
Folder 31-32 Correspondence, September-November 1944
Folder 33 Correspondence, November 1944-January 1945
Folder 34 Correspondence, June 1944-March 1945
Folder 35 Correspondence, December 1944-April 1945
Folder 36 Correspondence, August 1944-May 1945
Folder 37 Correspondence, June 1943-May 1945
Folder 38 Correspondence, February 1937-June 1945

Correspondence with G. F. Dampney includes printed material from 1937.

Also includes an information file prepared for Hughes on the 'Nationalisation of interstate airlines' by the Airline Operators Secretariat (AOS).

Folder 39 Correspondence, 1922-July 1945

Correspondence with E. Parham includes a reference dated 1929 and a letter of introduction dated 1922.

Folder 40 Correspondence, October 1944-July 1945
Folder 41 Correspondence, December 1944-August 1945
Folder 42 Correspondence, October 1941-September 1945

Correspondence with C. B. Brown includes a certificate of identity dated October 1941.

Folder 43 Correspondence, April-October 1945
Folder 44 Correspondence, December 1944-November 1945
Folder 45 Correspondence, March-December 1945
Folder 46 Correspondence, September 1945-February 1946
Folder 47 Correspondence, May 1945-March 1946
Folder 48 Correspondence, May 1940-April 1946
Folder 49 Correspondence, 1943-June 1946

Correspondence with H. H. Cross includes income tax receipts for 1943-1945.

Folder 50 Correspondence, November 1919-June 1946

Correspondence with L. E. de Mole includes 'Minutes of proceedings before the Royal Commission on awards to inventors', November 1919. It includes a claim by Mr Mole in relation to tank invention.

Folder 51 Correspondence, September 1945-July 1946
Folder 52 Correspondence, December 1942-August 1946
Folder 53 Correspondence, March-September 1946
Folder 54 Correspondence, June-December 1946
Folder 55 Correspondence, August-December 1946
Folder 56 Correspondence, April 1944-January 1947
Folder 57 Correspondence, June 1946-March 1947
Folder 58 Correspondence, February 1937-May 1947

Correspondence with G. F. Dampney includes printed material from 1937.

Also includes a submission from the Australian Automobile Association relating to the revision of the Federal Aid Roads and Works Agreement (January 1947).

Folder 59 Correspondence, January-July 1942
Folder 60 Correspondence, November 1946-September 1947
Folder 61 Correspondence, April-November 1947
Folder 62 Correspondence, April-December 1947
Folder 63 Correspondence, July 1947-February 1948
Folder 64 Correspondence, September 1947-April 1948
Folder 65 Correspondence, October 1947-June 1948
Folder 66 Correspondence, February-August 1948
Folder 67 Correspondence, February 1947-September 1948
Folder 68 Correspondence, January-November 1948
Folder 69 Correspondence, November 1947-December 1948
Folder 70 Correspondence, August 1948-February 1949
Folder 71 Correspondence, August 1948-March 1949
Folder 72 Correspondence, July 1948-May 1949
Folder 73 Correspondence, January-July 1949
Folder 74 Correspondence, April 1948-September 1949

Correspondence with Audley Reay contains a copy of his publication Memories of the Hunter and Newcastle in the eighties (n.d.)

Folder 75 Correspondence, September-November 1949
Folder 76 Correspondence, September-December 1949
Folder 77 Correspondence, November 1949-May 1950
Folder 78 Correspondence, December 1949-August 1950
Folder 79 Correspondence, January-September 1950
Folder 80 Correspondence, July-October 1950
Folder 81 Correspondence, June-November 1950
Folder 82 Correspondence, July-December 1950
Folder 83 Correspondence, June 1949-January 1951

Correspondence with V. R. Alldis contains a copy of 'Australian drought cycles' reprinted from the Australian Surveyor, June-September 1949.

Folder 84 Correspondence, December 1950-February 1951
Folder 85 Correspondence, September 1950-April 1951
Folder 86 Correspondence, March-June 1951
Folder 87 Correspondence, March-August 1951
Folder 88 Correspondence, January-August 1951
Folder 89 Correspondence, November 1950-September 1951

Correspondence with N. Grayson includes a submission by the Fair Tax League to the Spooner Committee review on taxation legislation.

Folder 90 Correspondence, January-October 1951
Folder 91 Correspondence, September-December 1951
Folder 92 Correspondence, December 1951-March 1952
Folder 93 Correspondence, October 1951-April 1952

Correspondence with N. Grayson includes a supplementary submission by the Fair Tax League to the Spooner Committee review on taxation legislation.

Folder 94 Correspondence, April 1950-June 1952
Folder 95 Correspondence, April-August 1952
Folder 96 Correspondence, February-November 1952
Folder 97 Correspondence and miscellaneous reports, 1920s-1950s

Most of the correspondence is undated.

Piece 98 Illuminated manuscript, 22 March 1949

Illuminated address presented to Hughes by the Borough of Gravesend, County of Kent, England.

Previously housed in Series 16.

Piece 99 Illuminated manuscript, 21 October 1944

Illuminated address presented to Hughes by members of the Gallipoli Legion of Anzacs congratulating him on his 50 years of parliamentary service.

Series 48 Subject files, 1890-1952

In his declining parliamentary years Hughes continued to speak out on the familiar themes of population, communism and the need for stronger defences. A large amount of papers collected by either Hughes or his secretaries on these and other subjects during 1941-1952 have been supplemented by loose newscuttings and other material in the collection to form Series 48. Material has been arranged into subseries by subject.

Subseries 48.1 Aviation, 1943-1952

This small series of miscellaneous papers on civil aviation includes Ansett Airways news releases, notes for speeches, material on the Australian-New Zealand Agreement on the international control of international air routes (1944), press releases, proposals for a Pacific Air Service, a copy of the Department of Civil Aviation's Report on civil aviation in Australia and New Guinea 1944-45 and some newscuttings.

Comprises Folders 1-2.

Subseries 48.2 Banking and bank nationalism, 1941-1952

Like most of Chifley's critics, Hughes regarded his Bank Act (1947) as part of a wider trend towards the complete socialisation of Australian life through the maintenance of war-time controls beyond 1945. The papers gathered have reflected this thinking and document some of the opposition to the Act. (Protest letters to Hughes are in Series 30 and 47).

There are leaflets and circulars of the Western Suburbs Voters' Policy Association, the People's Union (Non-Party), the Sound Finance League of Australia, the Sydney Women's Protest Movement, the Institute of Public Affairs (NSW), the Constitutional League, Associated Banks (Victoria) and the United Bank Officers' Association of New South Wales.

Other items include leaflets from the 1947 'Demand for referendum' campaign, Liberal Party notes circulated by its Research Officer R. J. Willoughby, pamphlets by W. C. Wentworth and L. J. McConnan, speech notes and texts of speeches and broadcasts, statistics, reports and newscuttings.

Folder 3 Correspondence, newscuttings and printed material, 1941-1945

Includes a copy of Hughes speech, the Commonwealth Bank Bill, reprinted from Hansard, 6 June 1945 and the Commonwealth Bank Act 1911-1943 (n.d.).

Folder 4 Notes, printed material and speech notes, 1945-1947

Includes pamphlets by W. C. Wentworth and L. J. McConnan.

Folder 5 Notes and printed material, 1947

Printed material consists mainly of pamphlets and leaflets against nationalisation.

Folder 6 Notes, printed material, press statements and speech notes, 1947

Includes copies of the Banking Bill 1947.

Folder 7 Correspondence, notes and research bulletins, 1945-1947
Folder 8-9 Newscuttings, 1947
Folder 10 Correspondence and newscuttings, 1948-1949
Folder 11 Newscuttings and miscellaneous material, - Includes a copy of Banking and credit: a simple explanation of important facts you should know (1949).

Includes a copy of Banking and credit: a simple explanation of important facts you should know (1949).

Subseries 48.3 Birth rate, 1901-1952

Australia's declining post-war birth rate, the White Australia Policy, and the need to encourage immigration were issues closely associated with Hughes' name. The material he gathered for speeches, articles, and replies to critics consisting of notes, statistics, correspondence, printed items and cuttings form this file. It includes J. H. Gaffney's Populate or perish (n.d.), Albert Golding's 'Reservation of the Australian continent for the British race' (typescript, 1945) and the Australian National Secretariat of Catholic Action's social justice statement for 1944, The Family.

Two controversies over Hughes' views are well documented here. In 1943 the Chicago Tribune blamed Japan's belligerency and Pearl Harbour on Hughes' unwillingness to allow Japan former German colonies north of the equator. The other involved an attack on Hughes in 1948 by an International War Crimes Tribunal, Justice Pal, for opposing the racial equity clause at Versailles.

Other notes, cuttings, press releases and correspondence reveal Hughes' interest in the cause of the declining birth rate and his belief in moral regeneration as the only real solution, and his interest in immigration schemes such as the settlement of Jewish refugees in the Kimberley region.

Folder 12 Newscuttings, notes and press statements, 1921-1944
Folder 13 Notes and newscuttings, Material relating to the 'racial equality clause' and Justice Pal.

Material relating to the 'racial equality clause' and Justice Pal.

Folder 14 Newscuttings, notes and speeches, 1948

Material relating to the 'racial equality clause' and Justice Pal.

Folder 15 Newscuttings, notes and speech notes, 1944-1949

Material relating to the 'racial equality clause' and Justice Pal.

Folder 16 Newscuttings, memorandum, notes and speeches, 1943-1952

Includes a copy of a statement by Arthur Calwell on the government immigration policy, 27 November 1947.

Folder 17 Newscuttings, notes and speech notes, 1901-1949

Includes pages from the Sydney Mail, 1900 and extracts from Hansard, 1901.

Folder 18 Correspondence, newscuttings, notes and speeches, 1938-1947
Folder 19 Newscuttings and miscellaneous material, - Includes a copy of The family: social justice statement 1944.

Includes a copy of The family: social justice statement 1944.

Folder 20 Newscuttings and miscellaneous material, 1938-1952

Includes a copy of Alarming Australia by A. E. Mander (1938).

Folder 21 Newscuttings, notes, speeches and statistics, 1946-1952

Includes a copy of a statement by Arthur Caldwell, British migration to Australia (1946).

Folder 22 Correspondence, notes, speeches and printed material, 1939-1949

Includes a copy of Populate or perish by J. H. Gaffney and 'The reservation of the Australian continent for the British race' by Albert Golding.

Also includes printed material on the proposed Jewish settlement in the Kimberley region.

Subseries 48.4 Bradfield Scheme, 1890-1948

In a radio broadcast in January 1945, Hughes appealed for support of renewed development of the empty north of Australia and in particular for the Bradfield scheme as the solution to both droughts and dust bowls. Dr J. J. Bradfield, the designer of the Sydney Harbour Bridge, had devised a plan in 1938 to divert a number of north Queensland rivers to central Australia. In addition to the text of the broadcast, the file includes some correspondence, cuttings, notes, a map and photographs.

The bulk of the material in this subseries is in the date range 1938-1948. Included is a paper entitled 'Observations on the past and present water system of the colony' by N. P. Carver (1890).

Comprises Folder 23.

Subseries 48.5 Brisbane Line, 1942-1943

In 1942 the Minister for Labour in the Curtin Government, E. J. Ward, claimed that while Menzies was Prime Minister, a contingency plan existed to abandon the entire area north of Brisbane to Japan in the face of an overwhelming invasion. The claim was investigated by Justice Lowe in a Royal Commission inquiry that reported in September 1943. This file contains typed extracts from press reports on Ward's 'Brisbane Line' statements, from Hansard and from a press conference with General Macarthur, a map, and other cuttings on Ward's suspension from cabinet.

Comprises Folder 24.

Subseries 48.6 Coal, 1940-1952

The 1940s was a troubled period for the Australian coal industry. The Australian Labor Party's handling of the numerous strikes in the industry, and the influence of communists in the Miner's Federation were two aspects of particular interest to Hughes. This file consists largely of cuttings, mainly from 1948 and 1949 on the efforts of Curtin, Chiefly, McGirr and the Coal Industry Tribunal to end the strikes. There is also a loose-leaf notebook of statistics and notes for speeches, some press releases, reports of the Joint Coal Board, and some Liberal Party research bulletins on the strikes.

Folder 25 Notebook, Includes notes on the Coal Bill and statistics on the coal industry.

Includes notes on the Coal Bill and statistics on the coal industry.

Folder 26 Correspondence, newscuttings, notes and research bulletins, 1940-1952
Folder 27 Correspondence, newscuttings and notes, 1942-1949

Includes a report by Charles McCosh, The case against nationalisation of the coal mines, January 1944.

Folder 28 Correspondence, newscuttings, notes and research bulletins, 1942-1950

Includes a paper entitled 'Some pertinent facts on coal and the ineptitude of Socialist Governments to tackle the problem'.

Folder 29 Newscuttings, 1941-1950
Folder 30-31 Newscuttings, 1942-1943
Folder 32 Newscuttings, 1944-1952
Folder 33 Newscuttings, 1948

Folder titled 'Miners' Federation calls off coal strike'.

Folder 34 Newspapers, 1949
Folder 35 Newscuttings, 1946-1949

Includes an issue of Capital Comments ( May 1946) containing an item on the coal strikes.

Subseries 48.7 Commonwealth Oil Refineries Ltd, 1943-1952

Weeks before his death Hughes was preparing a speech against the sale of Australia's shares in Commonwealth Oil Refineries Ltd which he had established in 1922. He felt that Australia would loose its independence of the oil cartel, thus increasing her vulnerability in times of war, and expressed these fears in a published speech We dare not, must not, sell C.O.R.: a great country - an empty north. The file in this subseries records Hughes' actions, including his vote in Parliament with the Labour Opposition. There are also newscuttings, notes and drafts for speeches, and press releases.

Comprises Folder 36.

Subseries 48.8 Communism, 1939-1952

Papers on communism form the largest part of the series and record Hughes' apprehension at the influence of communism both within Australia and throughout the world. They include many newscuttings, roneoed items, speeches, and a few letters. The 1951 referendum on communism is well covered, and there is also material on communism in the unions, and the Australian Labor Party, unionism in Russia, and the Korean War.

The subseries in addition has correspondence between S. L. Bartlett and Hughes on his introduction to Bartlett's book The coming defeat of Communism ; Communist Party of Australia pamphlets; leaflets published by the Australian Constitutional League and the People's Union (Non Party); newscuttings on Ernie Thornton, L. L. Sharkey and the communist influence in the New South Wales Teachers Federation; speeches and broadcasts and copies of the bulletin Sidelights on the Soviet.

Folder 37-38 Newspapers, 1939-1940

Various issues of the Tribune.

Folder 39 Correspondence and newscuttings, 1943
Folder 40 Newscuttings, December 1942-1943
Folder 41 Newscuttings, notes and speeches, 1944-1946

Includes comments by Maloney and Thornton.

Folder 42-43 Newscuttings, 1946-1947
Folder 44 Newscuttings, 1947
Folder 45-46 Newscuttings, 1948
Folder 47 Newscuttings, 1948-1949
Folder 48-49 Newscuttings, 1949
Folder 50-53 Newscuttings, 1950
Folder 54 Newscuttings, 1951-1952
Folder 55 Newscuttings, notes, newspaper articles and printed material, 1942-1952

Printed material includes Communist Party pamphlets and miscellaneous issues of the Maritime Worker.

Also includes a copy of Billy Hughes and censorship by R. Dixon [194-].

Folder 56 Correspondence, newscuttings, notes, newspaper articles and printed material, 1945-1951
Folder 57 Newscuttings, notes, articles and printed material, 1944-1946

Includes issues of Digest of Soviet activities (1945).

Also includes an ABC broadcast Does communism menace Australian trade unionism ?, 17 October 1945.

Folder 58 Correspondence, notes, newsletters, articles and speeches, 1941-1951
Folder 59 Notes, articles, speech notes and printed material, 1942-1950
Folder 60 Notes, articles, speeches and printed material, 1946-1952

Includes Liberal Party research notes and bulletins.

Folder 61 Newscuttings, notes, book reviews and bulletins, 1946-1952

Includes issues of Sidelights on the Soviets and Free people: the official organ of the People's Union (Non Party).

Folder 62 Correspondence, notes, articles, broadcasts and printed material, 1946-1951

Printed material mainly relates to the Communist Party Dissolution Bill (1950).

Folder 63 Correspondence, notes, articles, broadcasts and printed material,
Folder 64 Notes, articles, book reviews, broadcasts, press statements and printed material, 1947-1951

Includes a Liberal Party voting package for the 1951 election and referendum entitled Here are the facts!: use them for a 'yes' victory.

Also includes issues of Sidelights on the Soviets.

Folder 65 Notes, articles, speeches and printed material, Printed material mainly relates to the Communist Party Dissolution Bill (1950).

Printed material mainly relates to the Communist Party Dissolution Bill (1950).

Folder 66 Newscuttings, notes, articles, press statements and speeches, 1947-1950

Subseries 48.9 The Constitution, 1939-1949

In November 1942 a convention was held in Canberra to discuss proposals, in Curtin's words, 'made with the object of giving the Parliament ... sufficient legal authority in relation to the great problem of post-war reconstruction'. Hughes attended as leader of the United Australia Party. This subseries contains copies of the Convention proceedings; motions and addresses, and letters on the Constitution from Frank Louat, U. Ellis, L. G. de Garis, J. H. Cotts, and the Proportional Representation Group of South Australia.

Comprises Folders 67-68.

Subseries 48.10 Defence, 1942-1952

The material grouped under Defence ranges from Curtin's conscription bill to the Korean War and includes newscuttings, roneoed items, statistics and a few letters. The need for improved aerial defence, the Citizens Military Forces, school cadets, comparative national defence statistics, and the potential threats of an over-populated Asia and the Soviet Union are also covered. Hughes' main correspondent was the Director-General of Recruiting, Sir Horace Robertson.

The file also has some defence statements to Parliament, miscellaneous House of Representatives 'questions on notice' by Hughes, issues of Things I Hear, papers on the Australia New Zealand Defence Agreement, 1944 and some correspondence with the Air Force Association.

Folder 69 Newscuttings and notes, 1946-1949
Folder 70 Newscuttings, notes and speeches, 1943-1952
Folder 71 Notes and speeches, 1950-1952
Folder 72 Correspondence, newscuttings, notes and printed material, 1942-1950
Folder 73 Correspondence, newscuttings, notes, press statements, broadcasts and printed material, 1944-1952
Folder 74 Correspondence, newscuttings, notes, speeches and printed material, 1942-1952
Folder 75 Correspondence, notes and speeches, 1950-1952

Subseries 48.11 The economy, 1942-1952

Gathered here are mostly press statements and speeches to Parliament on budgets, international loans, employment, taxation, trade, inflation and devaluation. Most of the material dates from 1949, and the names Menzies, Fadden and McEwan reoccur. Some publications of the Sound Finance League of Australia and Hughes' 1949 speech Chifley's paradise: full employment: somewhere at something are located here.

Folder 76 Correspondence, newscuttings, notes and printed material, 1943-1952
Folder 77 Press statements, speeches and printed material, 1945-1952
Folder 78 Press statements, speeches and printed material, 1948-1952

Includes copies of Hughes speech Chifley's paradise: full employment: somewhere at something (1949).

Folder 79 Notes, speeches and printed material, 1942-1950
Folder 80 Notes and printed material, Includes Liberal Party research notes and bulletins.

Includes Liberal Party research notes and bulletins.

Folder 81 Notes, speeches and press statements, 1943-1952
Folder 82 Notes, speeches and broadcasts, 1949-1952
Folder 83 Newscuttings, notes, papers and printed material, 1942-1952

Includes Liberal Party research notes and bulletins.

Also includes issues of Sound Finance, a monthly publication of the Sound Finance League of Australia.

Folder 84 Newscuttings, notes and speeches, 1942-1952
Folder 85 Newscuttings, 1949-1951
Folder 86 Newscuttings and printed material, 1946-1952

Subseries 48.12 Elections, 1930-1946

This subseries consists of newscuttings on the New South Wales State election, 1930 and the Federal election of 1946. See also Series 28.

Comprises Folders 87-90.

Subseries 48.13 Housing and public health, 1944-1952

This subseries consists of newscuttings, publications and notes on housing and the Liberal Party's health schemes, tables of statistics and booklets on housing by the Royal Australian Institute of Architects and by the Department of Works and Housing.

Comprises Folders 91-94.

Subseries 48.14 Indonesia, 1945-1952

Hughes' attitude to the events in post-war Indonesia was a predictable one in view of his attitude on communism and the needs for a strong defence force in the face of a highly populated Asia. The cuttings, speech notes, copies of Frank Browne's Ex-Nx, press releases and letters and photographs from the Netherlands Information Bureau document his view as well as his opposition to the Australian Labor Government's support for Indonesia at the United Nations and his opposition to Dr Soekarno.

Comprises Folders 95-97.

Subseries 48.15 International affairs, 1937-1952

Hughes never lost his interest in the world arena and during his declining years collected material for speeches, press statements and ministerial statements, cuttings and pamphlets on world events. This subseries contains papers on the conference following the conclusion of World War II, the 1951 Peace Treaty with Japan, the 1946 evacuation of Egypt and the coup in 1952, Canada, and events in Czechoslovakia. In addition, there are some US Office of War Information bulletins, speeches by Evatt, Chiefly and Spender, Menzies' Roy Milne lecture (1950), and some bulletins issued by the French Delegations in Australia.

Folder 98 Bulletins, circulars and printed material, 1941-1952

Includes US Office of War Information bulletins (1943-1944).

Folder 99 US Office of War information bulletins, 1943-1944
Folder 100 Notes, speeches and printed material, 1943-1952
Folder 101 Notes, speeches, ministerial statements and printed material, 1943-1950

Includes the Roy Milne Memorial lecture by Menzies 'British Commonwealth of Nations in international affairs', 26 June 1950.

Also includes newsletters relating to the situation in Czechoslovakia (1944-1945).

Folder 102 Newscuttings, speeches and ministerial statements, 1943-1946
Folder 103 Statement on international affairs by H. V. Evatt, Minister for External Affairs, 12 March 1948

Pages 1-110.

Folder 104 Statement on international affairs by H. V. Evatt, Minister for External Affairs, 12 March 1948

Pages 111-212 and index.

Folder 105 Newscuttings, bulletins and printed material, 1943-1946

Includes US Office of War Information bulletins and Liberal Party research bulletins.

Folder 106 Bulletins and speeches, 1943-1944

Mainly US Office of War Information bulletins.

Folder 107 Newscuttings, 1943-1952
Folder 108 Newscuttings, 1937-1950
Folder 109 Documents tabled by the Minister for External Affairs in the House of Representatives, 26 February 1947
Folder 110 Newscuttings, bulletins, ministerial statements and speech notes, 1947-1950
Folder 111 Newscuttings, 1949-1952

Includes a supplement from the Australian Jewish Herald containing the text of a debate on Palestine in the British House of Commons (1949).

Folder 112 Newscuttings, 1949-1952
Folder 113 Notes, speeches and articles, 1948-1950
Folder 114 Notes, speeches, press statements and circulars, 1947-1952
Folder 115 Policy statements, 1950-1951

Includes a statement on foreign policy by the Minister for External Affairs, March 1950 and a draft 'Treaty of Peace with Japan' (1951).

Folder 116 Miscellaneous articles, speeches and statements, 1942-1952

Subseries 48.16 Labour, 1942-1952

Under this subject heading are speeches, notes, cuttings, and statistics on conciliation and arbitration, the Australian Labor Party's industrial record and relevant statements by Ward and Dedman, secret ballots, compulsory unionism, and the Stevedoring Industry Bill, 1947. There is also a small group of letters and publications from H. B. Thompson on the Waterside Workers Federation, and a copy of R. J. Larkin's Democracy versus Trade Hall dictatorship.

Folder 117 Notes, speeches and printed material, 1947-1952

Includes Democracy versus Trade Hall dictatorship by R. J. Larkin.

Folder 118 Correspondence, notes, ministerial statements and printed material, 1947-1952

Includes correspondence with H. B. Thompson.

Folder 119 Notes, speeches, press statements and printed material, 1947-1949
Folder 120 Newscuttings, notes and speeches, 1946-1952

Includes material on the Conciliation and Arbitration Bill 1952.

Folder 121 Newscuttings, 1942-1949
Folder 122 Miscellaneous newscuttings and speeches,

Subseries 48.17 Lend-lease, 1942-1945

This small subseries contains material relating to the Australian-American mutual wartime aid agreements called lend-lease and reciprocal lend-lease. Included are newscuttings, notes, speeches, statements by Roosevelt and Truman to Congress, and issues of Facts and figures of Australia at war and Current notes on international affairs.

Comprises Folder 123.

Subseries 48.18 Northern Territory, 1942-1944

In 1944, only weeks before his 82nd birthday, Hughes was granted permission to tour the Northern Territory. 'It was a trip', wrote Fitzhardinge, 'which might well have exhausted a younger man, but Hughes radiated energy and vigour, nor did heat, dust and travel abate his impish delight in the incongruous'. The files in this subseries record the tour.

There is some correspondence, Hughes' itinerary, notes on daily activities, copies of one of his broadcasts, notes on the resources of the Territory, photographs of farms on the Ord River, material on the Northern Territory Development League, and some pamphlets including A.A. Griffiths' Development of Northern Australia (1942).

Comprises Folders 124-125.

Subseries 48.19 Petrol rationing, 1946-1950

The rationing of petrol was introduced during the war under the power of the Commonwealth National Security (Liquid Fuel) Regulations and was maintained after the war by the Chifley Government. The small file in this subseries includes roneoed press statements by Chifley, newscuttings, and the text of his letter, with attachments, sent to all Premiers in June 1949.

Comprises Folder 126.

Subseries 48.20 Queensland trip, 1927-1948

Hughes was a member of the Commonwealth Parliamentary delegation led by T. Williams which toured Queensland in 1948. The papers on the trip preserved in the collection include letters from such people as the Queensland Premier E. M. Hanlon, itinerary, tourist brochures and booklets on Queensland, and maps.

Comprises Folder 127-130.

Subseries 48.21 1944 and 1948 referenda, 1944-1951

This subseries consists almost entirely of papers on the 1944 and 1948 referenda, although there is a small group of items on the 1946 social services marketing and industrial employment referendum. A miscellaneous newsletter from the 1951 referendum has also been filed with this subseries. The 1944 referendum on post-war reconstruction and democratic rights divided support along party lines with Hughes, no longer in the United Australia Party, campaigning with Evatt for a 'Yes' vote.

The file contains speeches and notes setting out the reasons for and against, and includes some of his correspondence with such groups as the Ku-Ring-Gai Citizens Non-Party Yes Committee and the South Australian Yes Committee. The 1948 referendum on rents and prices was another matter however, with Hughes urging a 'No' vote with the Liberal Party. The speeches, broadcasts, leaflets, included here, illustrate their view that through a 'Yes' vote Chiefly and Evatt sough to extend the socialisation of Australian society begun under Curtin.

The 1951 referendum on communism is covered by papers in Subseries 48.8 on communism.

Folder 131 Correspondence, notes, broadcasts, speeches and telegrams, 1944

Material relating to the 1944 referendum.

Includes a copy of Alteration of Constitution: Federal referendum: the case for and against (1944) .

Folder 132 Notes and speeches, 1944

Material relating to the 1944 referendum.

Folder 133 Correspondence, newscuttings, notes, speeches and printed material, 1944

Material relating to the 1944 referendum.

Folder 134 Correspondence, newscuttings and broadcasts, 1944

Material relating to the 1944 referendum.

Folder 135-138 Newscuttings, 1944

Material relating to the 1944 referendum.

Folder 139 Newscuttings, 1946

Material relating to the 1946 referendum.

Folder 140 Correspondence, newscuttings, notes and speeches, 1948

Material relating to the 1948 referendum.

Folder 141 Correspondence, newscuttings, notes, speeches and printed material, 1948-1951

Material relating to the 1948 and 1951 referendum.

Includes an August 1951 issue of Free people: the official organ of the People's Union (Non-party) relating to the referendum.

Subseries 48.22 Repatriation and social services, 1936-1952

The collection has many scattered references to repatriation. Those dating after 1941 are in Series 48. Here are notes and drafts for speeches on the Australia Soldiers Repatriation Bill, 1943. There are also Repatriation Commission reports, copies of the Bill and subsequent Act, the Parliamentary Inquiry into repatriation chaired by R. T. Pollard and the Report of a Committee of the Society of Returned Medical Officers of Queensland (1942). The file also has newscuttings, press releases and speeches on child endowment and invalid and old age pensions.

Folder 142 Notes, speeches, reports, statistics and printed material, 1943-1952
Folder 143 Statistics, summaries and printed material, 1949-1952
Folder 144 Notes, speeches, statistics and printed material, 1936-1951
Folder 145 Notes, speeches and printed material, 1943-1952
Folder 146 Notes, speeches and printed material, 1943
Folder 147 Correspondence, notes, memorandum, speeches and telegrams, 1942-1952

Subseries 48.23 Statute of Westminster Adoption Act (1942), 1939-1942

This Act abolished the last vestiges of Australia's dominion status and Hughes spoke strongly in its favour. The files in this subseries include a copy of his speech, some correspondence with supporters such as J. H. Catts, a copy of David Maughan's article on the matter in the Australian Law Journal (August 1939) and some newscuttings.

Comprises Folders 148-149.

Subseries 48.24 United Nations, 1943-1951

Having participated in the establishment of the League of Nations and analysed its failure in Australia and war today (1935), Hughes was very interested in, though not a confident supporter of the United Nations Organisation. His papers include a large UN file consisting of statements, reports, and supporting documents presented by Evatt to Parliament, drafts of some of his own speeches, and parliamentary papers on the International Labour Organisation, the UN Conference on trade and employment and the 1945 Bill approving the UN Charter. Also included are printed items like Hughes' 1949 pamphlets U.N.O. Dr Evatt and world peace, newscuttings and pamphlets and notes on the Conference at Bretton Woods.

Folder 150 Newscuttings, speeches, reports and printed material, 1944-1951

Includes the First report of the Atomic Energy Commission (1947) and a roneoed copy of the 'General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade' (n.d.).

Folder 151 Summaries and reports, 1948

Summaries and reports of UN conferences and GATT negotiations.

Folder 152 Notes, reports, speeches and printed material, 1945-1948

Includes summaries and reports of UN committees and a 1946 meeting of the General Assembly and material relating to Bretton Woods.

Folder 153 Correspondence, newscuttings, notes, speeches and printed material, 1944-1946

Material relating to the Bretton Woods conference and financial agreement.

Folder 154 Correspondence, notes, reports, speeches and printed material, 1944-1949

Material relating to the Bretton Woods conference and financial agreement.

Folder 155 Speeches and reports, 1949

Statement on foreign affairs by H. E. Evatt, Minister for External Affairs, presented to Parliament, 1949. It includes a report of the Australian delegation to the Third Annual Session (first part) of the UN General Assembly held in Paris, 1948.

Folder 156 Report, 1948

Resolutions adopted by the First Part of the Third Session of the General Assembly of the United Nations, Paris, 21 September to 12 December 1948'.

Folder 157 Newscuttings, speeches and printed material, 1946-1950

Includes a copy of Hughes' speech UNO, Dr Evatt and world peace (1949).

Also includes Report of the first session of the Preparatory Committee of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment.

Folder 158 Roneoed and printed material, 1945

Material relating to the approval of the United Nations Charter including the text of agreements signed in San Francisco, June 1945; the second reading speech by H. V. Evatt of the United Nations Bill and a copy of the Bill.

Folder 159 Speeches, reports and printed material, 1943-1949

Includes a statement and documents tabled in Parliament by H. V. Evatt on foreign affairs.

Folder 160 Notes, speeches and printed material, 1946

Includes reports on the 26th International Labour Organization sessions held at Montreal and Seattle, 1946.

Folder 161 Report, Report on the work of the Australian Delegation to the second annual session of the General Assembly of the United Nations ... (1947) and tabled in Parliament by H. V. Evatt, March 1948.

Report on the work of the Australian Delegation to the second annual session of the General Assembly of the United Nations ... (1947) and tabled in Parliament by H. V. Evatt, March 1948.

Series 49 Liberal Party of Australia, 1945-1952

When the Advisory War Council was disbanded in August 1945 the final obstacle between Hughes and Menzies disappeared and two weeks after the end of the war Hughes joined the Liberal Party. He stood successfully as its candidate in North Sydney and the 1946 general election, and following the distribution three years later, defeated H. B. Turner for preselection for the new electorate of Bradfield. Most of the papers in the collection on Hughes' membership in the Liberal Party form this series. Other papers are in Series 1, Series 28 and Series 48.The present series has been divided into four subseries.

Subseries 49.1 Electorate papers, 1945-1952

This subseries consists of correspondence with the branches in North Sydney and Bradfield, lists of branch secretaries and members of preselection committees, and copies of branch newsletters such as the North Sydney Liberal.

Folder 1 Correspondence and lists, 1945-1952

Includes lists of delegates attending the inaugural meeting of the North Sydney Federal Divisional Conference, 28 November 1945.

Folder 2 Correspondence and lists, 1946-1952

Includes lists of Party branches within the Bradfield electorate. Also includes issues of the North Sydney Liberal, 1946.

Subseries 49.2 Party records, 1945-1952

A general grouping of party records follows. They include roneoed sets of minutes of minutes of meetings of the New South Wales Division State Council 1945-1952; minutes of meetings of regional conferences held at Bowral, Hornsby and Wagga Wagga; minutes of the Constitutional Session of State Council, 1948-1950; and agenda for the New South Wales Division's Annual General Convention (1948 and 1950). Finally there are copies of W. S. Bengtsson's report on his overseas trip made to Federal Council (1950) and H. B. Turner's report on the Organisation of the Conservative Party, 1948.

Folder 3 Minutes and agenda, 1945-1949
Folder 4 Minutes and reports, 1948-1951
Folder 5 Minutes and reports, 1951-1952
Folder 6 Reports, 1948-1950

Reports by Bengtsson and Turner.

Subseries 49.3 Printed material, 1945-1952

This subseries consists of incomplete sets of Party publications including the Federal Secretariat's Research Bulletin, Weekly Newsletter, Talking Points and Points for Speakers (a good number of the research bulletins relate to subjects listed in the previous series.) There are also issues of circulars issued to Liberal Party MPs by the Party's Public Relations Officer in 1952, Edgar Holt, and of a newsletter circulated during the early years of the Party's history by Menzies' Press Secretary Charles Meeking.

Folder 7 Research bulletins, January-August 1946
Folder 8 Miscellaneous research bulletins, February-November 1946
Folder 9 Printed material, 1946-1949

Includes issues of the party's Research Bulletin, Research Notes, Weekly Newsletter and Talking Points.

Folder 10 Research bulletins and research notes, 1949-1952
Bag 11 Speakers' notes, 1946
Folder 12 Circulars and research notes, 1946

Includes circular by Edgar Holt.

Folder 13 Newsletters, 1945-1946

Newsletter by Charles Meeking.

Folder 14 Miscellaneous research bulletins, 1946-1947

Subseries 49.4 General papers, 1945-1952

The final subseries is a grouping of general correspondence, speeches, statistics, cuttings and printed material. Included are a draft platform (1946), telegrams and letters to Hughes advising of parliamentary party meetings, the Program of the inaugural Federal Council meeting (1945), some letters from J. H. Catts about a forerunner to the Liberals, the Democratic Party, correspondence with party branches outside North Sydney and Bradfield, copies of Liberal News and Victorian Liberal and statistics on the 1948 electoral redistribution.

Folder 15 Correspondence, newscuttings, notes and printed material, 1945-1952

Printed material includes Liberal Party pamphlets and the NSW division constitution.

Folder 16 Correspondence, newscuttings, notes and telegrams, 1945-1952

Includes copies of the Party's draft platform.

Folder 17 Correspondence, memorandum, newscuttings, notes and telegrams, 1945-1952

Includes a speech by Robert Menzies delivered at the first annual general convention of the Liberal Party, in Sydney, 17 October, 1945.

Folder 18 Printed material, 1945

Includes issues of Liberal News and Victorian Liberal.

Series 50 Objects, ephemera and miscellaneous papers, 1885-1952

This series consists of objects belonging to Hughes, ephemera, maps and miscellaneous printed material. The objects include various commemorative medals, railway passes, a silver cigarette case, despatch cases and Hughes' false teeth. There are also three examples of his hearing aids: a 1912 acousticon, a 1928 acousticon and a vactuphone. Many of the maps relate to World War II while items of ephemera include tickets to various official functions and conferences attended by Hughes.

Also included are miscellaneous papers which do not naturally fit into any of the previous series. There are notes for a film to commemorate Hughes' 50 years continuous parliamentary service, clothing ration cards from the war years, miscellaneous press statements, lists of engagements, envelopes, unidentified notes on cotton and oil in Australia, eye exercises, lists of names, some identification cards and a large address book.

Five folders (56-60) containing typescript drafts of part of L. H. Fitzhardinge's biography of Hughes are also located in this series. The folders are possibly drafts for the second volume and are labelled sections II-IV.

Bag 1 Printing block/plate, c.1920s

Contains a portrait of Hughes and his signature.

Bag 2 Bomb-blast protector, 1940s

Device used during the Second World War for protection from bomb blasts and the incidence of concussion, broken jaws and deafness.

Object no: A4000175X.

2 sets.

Bag 3 Canadian medal commemorating the centenary of Sir George-Etienne Cartier, 1914

Object no: A40001822.

Bag 4 Wallet belonging to Hughes, n.d.

Object no: A40001784.

Bag 5 Medal to commemorate the opening of the Prudential Building Society, Sydney, 1939

Object no: A40001814.

Bag 6 Railway pass, 1920s

All Australian Railway Lines Life Pass issued to Hughes in recognition of his service as Prime Minister and as a Minister in the Commonwealth Government.

Object no: A40001806.

Bag 7 Railway pass, 1920s

An original gold railway pass presented to members of Parliament. This design was replaced on 1 January 1924.

Object no: A40001830.

Bag 8 Driver's licence holder, n.d.
Bag 9 Cloth swatches of suiting material, n.d.

Object no: A40001865.

Bag 10 Waterman's ideal fountain pen, n.d.

Object no: A40001776.

Bag 11 Silver cigarette case, n.d.

Object no: A40001857.

Bag 12 Medallion presented to Hughes by the Lyon Chamber of Commerce, 1919

Object no: A40001741.

Bag 13 Hughes' false teeth, n.d.

Object no: A40001911.

Bag 14 Acousticon hearing aid, 1912

Object no: A40001873.

Bag 14a Acousticon hearing aid, model 56, 1928

Object no: A40002349.

Bag 15 Ivory letter opener, n.d.

Object no: A4000189X.

Bag 16 German infantry belt from World War I, 1914-1918

Object no: A40001849.

Bag 17 Globe vactuphone, n.d.

Object no: A40001881.

Bag 17a Printed material,

Pamphlets and promotional material on the Vactuphone and Electravox hearing aids.

Bag 18 Plans/drawings for a type of water wheel, n.d.
Bag 19 Certificate for the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws from the University of Sydney, 1952
Bag 20 Certificate for the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws from the University of Glasgow (written in Latin), 1916
Bag 21 Plaque cast by Hughes to commemorate the opening of Babcock & Wilcox Ltd foundry at Regents Park, NSW, 25 January 1923
Bag 22 Address book (roll in canister), n.d.

Object no: A40001768.

Bag 23 Holder for a scroll/illuminated address presented to Hughes by the City of London, n.d.
Bag 24 Unknown portrait, n.d.

Picture possibly from a magazine mounted on a piece of glass.

Bag 25 New Testament, n.d.
Bag 26 British passport belonging to Hughes, 1921

Passport issued to Hughes in 1921.

Bag 27 Aussie' wallet, n.d.

Wallet inscription reads 'Xmas wishes from the Australian YMCA, 1918'. Inside is a Military Pass issued to Gunner Charles Hughes in 1919.

Bag 28 Holy Bible, 1927

Inscription inside reads 'On this bible was administered the Oath of Office to the Right Honourable W. M. Hughes as Minister for Health and Minister of State for Repatriation at Government House, Canberra, 12 October 1934'. Signed by Isaac A. Isaacs, Governor-General.

Bag 29 Ephemera relating to the opening of Parliament House, Canberra, 9 May 1927

Includes a ticket wallet; a special railway pass; tickets to a state luncheon, a reception at Parliament House, accommodation at the Hotel Canberra; seating at the opening ceremony, a commemorative badge and notes for invited guests.

Bag 30 Miscellaneous ephemera, 1918-1919

Includes a pass to the Paris Peace Conference, 1919; passes to the Royal Enclosure at Ascot, 1919 and a 'Letter of introduction and list of correspondents' issued by the Commonwealth Bank, 1918.

Bag 31 Miscellaneous photographs, n.d.

Includes unidentified portrait shots (possibly Hughes' daughters?) and Hughes with Australian troops during World War I.

Bag 32 Membership cards and tickets,

Includes a driver's licence (1929); tickets to the Sydney Cricket Ground (1935-1936 and 1945-1946) and a members card for the Commercial Travellers' Clubs, Sydney and Melbourne (1930-1945).

Folder 33 Broadcasts, newsletters and printed material, 1940-1952

Includes issues of Ex-Nx, Things I hear and Budget News.

Also includes a memorandum by J. Roy Kinsman, Memorandum regarding vocational training in commerce with special reference to training in accountancy.

Folder 34 Certificate, 1937-1941

Certificate for the Order of the Companions of Honour and a booklet about the award.

Bag 35 Miscellaneous sketchbooks, paintings and drawings, n.d.
Bag 36 Maps, 1918-1945

Includes map of Western Europe (June 1944); map of the Pacific Islands (1918) and various maps outlining operations during World War II. Some of these appeared as newspaper supplements.

Also includes a chart of Australian Army operations, 1940-1945.

Bag 37 Maps, c.1939-1945

Includes a map of Australia showing railway systems (1934); maps of various overseas countries and wartime maps from newspapers or the AMF Weekly Intelligence Review and other Army sources.

Also includes a chart of Australian Army operations, 1940-1945.

Folder 38 Maps, c.1911-1948

Includes electoral maps for the proposed electoral seats of North Sydney, Lane Cove and Bradfield (1948).

Also includes a chart of routes of the Union Steam Ship Company of New Zealand between Australia and the United States and Canada (c.1911)

Folder 39 Maps, 1929-1951

Includes maps of the London underground, Asia and adjacent areas and Poland.

Also includes a Plan of the Freedom of Lands of Aberdeen, 1929 and a map of Llandudno (undated).

Folder 40 Notes, newscuttings and souvenir material, August 1952

Material relating to Hughes award of an honorary degree (Doctor of Law) from the University of Sydney, 29 August 1952.

Refer to Bag 19 for Hughes' certificate relating to this award.

Folder 41 Miscellaneous correspondence, notes, speeches and press statements, 1926-1952
Folder 42 Miscellaneous correspondence, newscuttings and notes, 1914-1945
Folder 43 Address book, n.d.

Mainly addresses from Sydney and North Sydney area.

Folder 44 Notes, engagement lists, press statements and ephemera, 1936-1951

Engagement lists cover the period 1945-1951 but are mainly for 1946.

Includes clothing ration cards, an identity card and travel permits from the Second World War.

Folder 45 Notes, engagements lists, reports, speeches and extracts from printed sources, c.1930s-1951

Includes engagements lists from 1950-1951.

Folder 46 Notes, lists, memorandum, postcards and other ephemera, c.1930s-1951

Includes a note from Kenneth Binns relating to a film to commemorate Hughes' fifty years of continuous parliamentary service.

Folder 47 Notes, speeches and miscellaneous material, c.1920s-1950

Includes congratulatory notes from Enid Lyons, Bill McMahon, Frank Forde and Bill Kekwick for a speech delivered in the late 1940s.

Also includes a file containing eye exercises.

Folder 48 Correspondence, notes, speeches and miscellaneous material, c.1919-c.1945
Folder 49 Miscellaneous material, 1947-1952

Includes a German poster and a certificate admitting Hughes as a 'Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Secretaries of Joint Stock Companies and other Public Bodies' (1947).

Folder 50 Cheque butts and cash book, 1909-1943

Cheque butts mainly cover periods 1909, 1918-1919 and 1938-1943.

Also includes a small cash book commenced in 1925 but contains very few entries.

Folder 51 Cheque butts, 1906-1947
Folder 52 Correspondence, 1920s-c.1951

Mainly undated correspondence.

Folder 53 Correspondence and notes, c.1930s-1952

Mainly undated correspondence.

Folder 54 Correspondence, notes, speeches, draft articles and sympathy cards, 1916-c.1951
Folder 55 Notes, reports and printed material, 1920s-1938

Miscellaneous material relating to unionism and strikes including the 1938 coal strike.

Also includes two pamphlets on the coal situation Coal: the struggle of the mineworkers (1935?)and Coal facts: the miner's case for a new agreement (1937).

Folder 56 'Empire statesman: life of W. M. Hughes', n.d.

Typescript draft of Section II: the Commonwealth.

Drafts of volume two of Fitzhardinge's biography of Hughes.

Folder 57 'Empire statesman: life of W. M. Hughes', n.d.

Typescript draft of Section III: triumph in Britain.

Drafts of volume two of Fitzhardinge's biography of Hughes.

Folder 58 'Empire statesman: life of W. M. Hughes', n.d.

Typescript draft of Section IV: Chapters I-XIV.

Drafts of volume two of Fitzhardinge's biography of Hughes.

Folder 59 'Empire statesman: life of W. M. Hughes', n.d.

Typescript draft of Section IV: Chapters XV-XVII.

Drafts of volume two of Fitzhardinge's biography of Hughes.

Folder 60 'Empire statesman: life of W. M. Hughes', n.d.

Typescript draft of Section IV: Chapters XVII-XXI.

Drafts of volume two of Fitzhardinge's biography of Hughes.

Folder 61 Note, 14 March 1946

Brief note (one folio) relating to a call from Chifley which was added to the collection in February 1985.

Folder 62 Printed material, 1912

Issue of the Lone Hand, 1 May 1912, containing an article about Hughes.

Bag 63 Journal article by G. L. Schwartz, 1943

Article entitled 'So you think capitalism doesn't work?' reprinted from the Daily Telegraph, 23 February 1943. Bag contains multiple copies of the article.

Bag 64 Framed chart, September 1918

Souvenir chart celebrating the first wireless message from Australia to England, sent from Wahroonga, Sydney on 21 September 1918.

The chart includes a facsimile of the message and Hughes' portrait in one of its corners.

Bag 65 Printed material, 1885-1941

Photocopies of articles from The Worker (1885-1900) and the Victoria Daily Times, 1941 on unionism.

Folder 66 Printed material and concert programs,

Includes a typed letter/circular 'How can we win?' addressed to John Curtin from Francis F. Bennett (29 June 1943).

Bag 67 Despatch case, n.d.

Black despatch case inscribed 'Committee of Imperial Defence'.

Bag 68 Despatch case, n.d.

Black despatch case inscribed 'Rt Hon W. M. Hughes MP'.

Piece 69 Coloured etching of L'eglise St. Wulfran, Abbeville, France by Paul Mansard, n.d.
Piece 70 Coloured etching of a scene in the town of Courtrai, Belgium, by Bertin, n.d.
Folder 71-72 Miscellaneous papers, 1920s-1950s

Estray papers which have not been incorporated into the original series and some papers which were removed from various series during a re-housing project in the mid 1990s and have not yet been re-arranged.



Container List

Series Subseries Folders/Pieces Items Box
1 1-7 1-855 1
1 8-14 856-1681 2
1 15-23 1682-2805 3
1 24-29 2806-3747 4
1 30-38 3748-5043 5
1 39-46 5044-6120 6
1 47-55 6121-7286 7
1 56-64 7287-8578 8
1 65-73 8579-9752 9
1 74-82 9753-10813 10
1 83-90 10814-11762 11
1 91-98 11763-12734 12
2 1-9 1-966 13
2 10-18 967-1607 14
2 19-27 1608-2762 15
2 28-36 2763-4060 16
2 37-44 4061-5396 17
2 45-53 5397-6042 18
2 54-55 6043-6090 19
3 1-9 1-726 19
3 10-17 727-1305 20
3 18-25 1306-1904 21
4 1-4 1-118 22
4 5 119-125 Missing since 2001
4 6-7 126-141 22
4 8-12 142-187 23
4 13-21 188-212 24
5 1-8 1-639 25
5 9-15 640-2103 26
5 16-24 2104-3533 27
5 25-34 3534-4523 28
5 35-43 4524-5943 29
5 44-53 5944-7205 30
5 54-62 7206-8430 31
5 63-70 8431-9126 32
5 70a-70b 9127-9128 Folio box 7
5 71-79 9129-10354 33
5 80-88 10355-11498 34
6 1-9 1-349 35
6 9a-17 350-776 36
6 18-27 777-1271 37
6 28-37 1272-1608 38
6 38-46 1609-2198 39
6 47-55 2199-2732 40
6 56-64 2733-3233 41
6 65-73 3234-3706 42
6 74-83 3707-4199 43
6 84-92 4200-4647 44
6 93-101 4648-5063 45
6 102-110 5064-5626 46
6 111-120 5627-6174 47
6 121-130 6175-6384 48
6 131-139 6385-6480 49
6 140-149 6481-6748 50
6 150-159 6749-7133 51
6 160-168 7134-7447 52
6 169-177 7448-7786 53
6 178-186 7787-8231 54
6 187 8232-8236 Folio box 3
6 188-192 8237-8303 55
6 192a 8304 Folio box 1
6 193-195 8305 55
6 196-204 56
6 205-209 57
6 210 8306 Folio box 5
6 211-212 8307-8308 Folio box 3
6 213-215 8309-8311 Folio box 2
6 216-218 8312-8314 Folio box 4
6 219-221 8315-8317 Folio box 5
6 222-224 8318-8320 Folio box 1
6 225 8321 Folio box 6
6 226 8322 Folio box 19
7 1-8 1-986 58
7 9-16 59
7 17-26 60
7 27-35 61
7 36-44 62
7 45-50 63
7 51-59 64
7 60-69 65
7 70-76 66
7 77-84 67
7 85-89 68
7 90-98 69
7 99-105 70
7 106-108c 71
7 109-116 72
7 117-124 73
7 125-133 74
8 1-9 1-407 75
8 10-18 408-842 76
9 1-9 1-874 77
9 10-18 875-1511 78
9 19-22 1512-1816 79
10 1-5 1-401 79
10 6 402-404 80
10 6a-6b 405-406 80
10 6c 407 Folio box 9
10 6d 408 80
10 6e-6f 409-410 Folio box 21
10 6g 410a 80
10 7-9 411-664 81
10 9a 583-607 Folio box 20
10 9b 608 Folio box 9
10 9 609 81
10 9c 610 Folio box 9
10 9 611-664 81
11 Publications 82
11 Publications 83
11 Publications 84
11 Publications 85
11 Publications 86
11 Publications 87
11 Publications 88
11 Publications 89
11 Publications 90
11 Publications 91
11 Publications Folio box 18
12 1-10 1-880 92
12 11-19 881-1559 93
13 1-10 1-630 94
13 11-21 631-1520 95
13 22-31 1521-2052 96
13 32-34 2053-2312 97
14 1-10 1-10 97
15 1-11 1-699 98
15 12-21 700-1124 99
15 22 1125-1127 Folio box 20
15 22 1128 Missing August 2007
15 23-26 1129-1133 Folio box 16
15 27 1134 Folio box 8
16 16.1 1-9 1-674 100
16 16.1 10-18 675-1301 101
16 16.1 19-23 1302-1641 102
16 16.2 24-28 1642-2121 102
16 16.2 29-38 2122-2948 103
16 16.2 39-46 2949-3570 104
16 16.2 47-55 3571-3982 105
16 16.2 56-65 3983-4573 106
16 16.2 66-73 4574-4959 107
16 16.2 74-75 4960-4961 108
16 16.2 76 4962-4963 109
16 16.2 77 4964-4965 110
16 16.2 77a 4979 Folio box 15
16 16.3 78 4966 Folio box 13
16 16.3 79 4967 Folio box 13
16 16.3 80 4968 Folio box 13
16 16.3 81 4969-4975 Folio box 13
16 16.3 82-83 4976-4977 Folio box 18
16 16.3 84 4978 Folio box 17
16 16.3 85 4978a Folio box 17
16 16.3 86 4980 Folio box 14
16 16.3 87 4981 HW map drawer 3
16 16.3 88 4982 Folio box 17
16 16.3 89 4983 HW map drawer 3
16 16.3 90-98 4984-4992 Folio box 16
17 1-9 1-745 111
17 10 746 Folio box 7
18 1-6 1-242 112
19 1-6 1-439 113
20 1-2 1-276 113
20 3-6 277-580 114
21 1-3 1-257 114
22 1-5 1-76 115
22 6-7 77-78 116
22 8-10 79-81 HW map drawer 3
22 10a 81a Folio box 14
22 11 82 HW map drawer 3
22 12-13 83-84 Folio box 22
23 23.1 1-3 1-315 117
23 23.2 4-6 316-600 117
23 23.3 7-8 601-734 117
23 23.3 9-15 735-1646 118
23 23.3 16-23 1647-2290 119
23 23.3 24-30 2291-2779 120
23 23.4 31-33 2780-2815 121
23 23.5 34-35 2816-2892 121
23 23.5 35a 2893 HW map drawer 3
23 23.5 35 2894-2924 121
24 24.1 1-5 1-525 122
24 24.2 6-8 526-701 122
24 24.2 9-11 702-955 123
24 24.3 12-13 956-1095 123
24 24.3 14 1096 Folio box 15
25 25.1 1 1-42 124
25 25.1 2 43-94 & 97-159 124
25 25.1 2a 95-96 Folio box 8
25 25.1 3 160-357 124
25 25.1 4-9 358-622 124
25 25.1 10-14 623-1105 125
25 25.3 15-17 1106-1220 125
25 25.3 18-20 1221-1475 126
25 25.4 20a-21 1476-1571 126
25 25.4 21a 1572-1598 Folio box 13
25 25.4 22 1599-1618 126
25 25.4 23 1619 Folio box 10
25 25.4 24 1620 Folio box 8
25 25.4 25-26 1621-1622 127
26 1-6 1-372 128
27 1-4 1-172 128
28 1-10 1-609 129
28 11-17 610-1681 130
28 18-25 1682-2294 131
28 26-32 2295-2858 132
28 33-38 2859-3577 133
28 39-45 3578-4089 134
28 46-51 4090-4722 135
28 52-60 4723-5625 136
29 1-6 1-496 137
30 1-11 1-1253 138
30 12-21 1254-2431 139
30 22-30 2432-3331 140
30 30a-34 3332-4413 141
30 35-44 4414-6044 142
30 45-52 6045-7682 143
30 53-59 7683-9262 144
30 60-65 9263-10855 145
30 66-71 146
30 72-80 147
30 81-90 148
30 91-100 149
30 101-110 150
30 111-119 151
30 120-129 152
30 130-135 153
31 1-9 154
31 10-19 155
32 32.1 1-10 156
32 32.1 11-18 157
32 32.2 19-25 158
32 32.2 26-34 159
32 32.2 35-43 160
32 32.2 44-47 161
33 33.1 1-10 162
33 33.2 11-18 163
33 33.2 19-26 164
33 33.2 27-29 165
34 1-7 166
34 8-10a 167
35 35.1 1-8 168
35 35.1 9 169
35 35.2 10-13 169
35 35.3 14-15 169
36 1-7 170
37 1-8 171
37 9-14 172
37 15-16 Folio box 16
37 17-19 Folio box 8
38 1-3 173
38 4 Folio box 19
38 5-6 Folio box 16
39 1-4 173
39 5-11 174
39 12-13 175
40 1-4 175
40 5-12 176
40 13-14 177
41 1 177
41 2 Folio box 18
41 3-5 Folio box 16
42 1-7 178
42 8-9 Folio box 16
42 10 Folio box 18
43 43.1 1-9 179
43 43.1 10-11 180
43 43.1 12-16 Folio Box 16
43 43.2 17-24 180
43 43.3 25-32 181
43 43.3 33-38 182
44 1-9 181a
44 10-14 182a
45 45.1 1-9 183
45 45.1 10-18 184
45 45.1 19-27 185
45 45.1 28-32 186
45 45.2 33-36 186
45 45.2 37-44 187
45 45.3 45 187
45 45.3 46-55 188
45 45.3 56-65 189
45 45.3 66-70 190
45 45.4 71-73 190
46 46.1 1-9 191
46 46.1 10-17 192
46 46.1 18-26 193
46 46.1 27-35 194
46 46.2 36-42 195
46 46.3 43-45 195
46 4 Folio box 16
47 1-10 196
47 11-20 197
47 21-30 198
47 31-40 199
47 41-49 200
47 50-58 201
47 59-68 202
47 69-78 203
47 79-89 204
47 90-97 205
47 98 Folio box 14
47 99 HW map drawer 3
48 48.1 1-2 206
48 48.2 3-11 206
48 48.3 12-21 207
48 48.3 22 208
48 48.4 23 208
48 48.5 24 208
48 48.6 25-28 208
48 48.6 29-35 209
48 48.7 36 209
48 48.8 37-45 210
48 48.8 46-54 211
48 48.8 55-62 212
48 48.8 63-66 213
48 48.8 67-68 213
48 48.9 67-68 213
48 48.10 69-71 213
48 48.10 72-75 214
48 48.11 76-80 214
48 48.11 81-86 215
48 48.12 87-88 215
48 48.12 89-90 216
48 48.13 91-94 216
48 48.14 95-97 216
48 48.15 98-107 217
48 48.15 108-116 218
48 48.16 117-122 219
48 48.17 123 219
48 48.18 124-125 219
48 48.19 126 220
48 48.20 127-130 220
48 48.21 131-133 220
48 48.22 134-141 221
48 48.22 142-147 222
48 48.23 148-149 222
48 48.24 150-156 223
48 48.24 157-161 224
49 49.1 1-2 225
49 49.2 3-6 225
49 49.3 7-9 225
49 49.3 10-14 226
49 49.4 15-18 226
50 1-13 227
50 14 228
50 14a Folio box 12
50 15-17 228
50 18-24 229
50 25-35 230
50 36-42 231
50 43-50 232
50 51-57 233
50 58-62 234
50 63 Folio box 15
50 64 FH room
50 65 Folio box 19
50 66 234
50 67 Folio box 23
50 68 Folio box 11
50 69-70 Folio box 18
50 71-72 234

Name Index to Correspondence

All letters in the collection have been name indexed. The numbers before the solidus (/) refer to the series, whilst those following the solidus refer to the individual items. Underlining indicates authorship. Non-underlining indicates receipt of a letter.

AARON, Joan 30/4488
AARON, Albert 30/7544; 30/7545; 30/7547; 30/7550; 30/7551
AARONS, R. W. 2/3102
ABBOTT, C. L. A. 28/4797-8; 28/4800
ABBOTT, E. C. 1/1399/16; 1/3175-6
ABBOTT, Hilda 13/568; 13/1323
ABBOTT, Joseph P. 1/6771-5; 1/6772-5; 1/6806; 1/7613; 13/1439; 28/3036; 28/4895
ABBOTT, Katie 13/815
ABBOTT, Walter T. 30/5867; 30/5868; 30/6032
A'BECKETT, Ada M. 1/8949; 1/9002; 3/204; 3/933
A'BECKETT, Gertrude 13/1577
ABRAM, A. 1/446
ACASON A., Major 30/9047; 30/9049; 30/9050; 30/9052; 30/9053; 30/9055; 30/9057; 30/9060; 30/9062; 30/9063
ACME ROLLER SHUTTERS 2/44
ADAIR, C., Dr 30/9103; 30/9104; 30/9105; 30/9108; 30/9110-9113
ADAIR, Lilian 13/1469
ADAMS, A. E. 1/4108; 1/4157
ADAMS, D. 1/8957
ADAMS, I., Mrs 30/5928; 30/5930-5931; 30/5932-5933; 30/5936; 30/5937; 30/5938; 30/5939; 30/5940; 30/5941; 30/5942; 30/5943; 30/5944-45; 30/5946; 30/5947-49; 30/5950; 30/5951; 30/5952; 30/5953-5955; 30/5956-5957; 30/5958; 30/5959; 30/5960; 30/5961; 30/5962; 30/5963; 30/5964; 30/5965-5966; 30/5967; 30/5970; 30/5971; 30/5972; 30/5974; 30/5975; 30/5976-5977; 30/5979; 30/5980
ADAMS, P. S. 30/6958
ADAMS, Phyllis 1/4092-3
ADAMS, R. F. 30/6262; 30/6902
ADAMSON, C. 30/1816
ADAMSON, John 16/482
ADAMSON, R. W. 30/4009
ADAMSON, T G. 29/72-3; 29/191-2
ADCOCK, C. D. 1/8492
ADDISON, Barton 1/9114; 28/2997; 28/3003
ADDISON, C. G. B. 1/9174; 1/9213; 2/4137
ADDISON, R. 28/962; 28/1042
ADERMANN, Charles F. 1/8549; 1/8566; 1/10335; 1/10358; 1/10726; 1/10826; 1/11422; 1/11425; 1/11432; 1/11466; 1/12373; 3/1315; 28/5305; 28/5095; 28/5120
ADNEY, Edith 1/6048-9
AERSSEN see Van Aerssen Beyeren, Baron F. C.
AGER and AGER, Solicitors 12/865-6
AGNEW, Peter G. 1/9331-3; 1/9466
AGST, Thomas 1/4639-41; 1/4651; 1/5520; 1/5572; 1/9705; 1/9707; 1/10259-63; 1/12486-7; 1/12496; 1/12498; 1/12561; 13/1254
AHERN, Jean 30/7147; 30/7148; 30/7151; 30/7152-53
AHERN, Margaret 1/8236; 1/8257
AIREY, W. L. 1/331; 1/3336; 1/3992-3; 1/6161-2; 1/8172; 1/8204; 1/8838; 2/2660; 2/2662-3; 2/3475; 2/3477; 2/3487; 2/3682; 2/3959; 2/3962; 2/3965; 2/3977; 30/7693; 30/7696; 30/7698; 30/7700; 30/7701; 30/7703; 30/7706; 30/7707; 30/7711
AITCHISON, B. 1/7114; 1/7137
AKEHURST, C. 30/9278
AKIYAMA, M. 3/323, 3/340
ALAN CROOK ELECTRICAL CO 30/5570
ALBERT, Frank 3/220, 13/920
ALBERT-CARTER, E. 3/589-90
ALBIG, W. Espey 26/85-9
ALCOCK, Mabel E. 30/3584; 30/3587; 30/3588; 30/3590
ALCORN, F. E. 1/7197; 1/7214; 1/7231; 1/7232; 1/7245; 1/7358; 1/7368
ALCORN, W. J. 30/1719; 30/1721
ALDER, H. R. 30/2163; 30/2278; 30/2281; 30/2282; 30/2285; 30/2343; 30/3695; 30/4541; 30/5493; 30/5494; 30/5495; 30/5496; 30/5497; 30/6537; 30/6539; 30/6541, 30/6542, 30/6544, 30/6547, 30/6548, 30/6549; 30/6550; 30/6797; 30/6798; 30/7261; 30/7262, 30/7263, 30/7813, 30/7815, 30/7817, 30/7819; 30/7821; 30/8174; 30/8176; 30/8177; 30/8466; 30/8469; 30/8471; 30/8825; 30/8827; 30/8830; 30/8831; 30/8832; 30/8834; 30/8836; 30/8895; 30/8898; 30/8901; 30/8907; 30/8915; 30/8917; 30/9463; 30/9465; 30/9467; 30/9806; 30/9808; 30/9810; 30/9812; 30/9813; 30/9816; 30/9826; 30/9828; 30/9830;30/9832; 30/9833; 30/9835; 30/9837; 30/9839; 30/10162; 30/10163; 30/1065; 30/10167; 30/10175; 30/10177; 30/10179; 30/10181; 30/10240; 30/10242; 30/10244; 30/10246, 30/10248
ALDER, Milton C. 1/12185
ALDERMAN, C. A. 1/4142, 1/4156
ALDERMAN, Harry G. 1/11770-1; 1/11778-80; 1/11816; 1/11817; 1/11831; 2/5710
ALDERTON, Bronwen 13/1278
ALDERTON, T. 2/1644
ALDIS, K. E. 30/7712; 30/7715-16; 30/7717-18
ALDRIDGE, E. A. 30/1802
ALDRIDGE, T. E. 1/6147; 2/3163-4; 2/3180; 2/3338; 2/3418; 2/3428; 2/3488; 2/3662; 2/3687; 2/3838-9; 2/4192; 2/4196; 2/4264; 2/4302; 2/4303; 2/4345; 2/4362; 2/4404; 2/4416; 2/4419; 2/4423; 2/4426; 2/4433
ALEXANDER, D. A. 1/4098; 1/4990; 1/11953; 30/3228; 30/6737
ALEXANDER, Desmond 1/10771
ALEXANDER, Edward 1/8907-8
ALEXANDER, George 1/245-6; 1/259; 1/306; 30/6069; 30/6070
ALEXANDER, J. A. 28/3053
ALEXANDER, J. A. (or T.A.) 2/1620
ALEXANDER, Katharine 1/4982; 13/1559
ALEXANDER, L. G. 30/10288; 30/10290
ALEXANDER, Roy 1/4513; 1/4535; 1/4598
ALFORD, W. 30/9483
ALLAN, Constance L. 13/1276
ALLAN, D. 13/1348
ALLAN, H.T. Major (Blue) 1/3524; 1/3617-18; 1/3735; 1/5295-6; 1/5917-20; 1/6358; 1/6869; 1/9126-30; 1/9144; 1/11334; 3/1524-5
ALLAN and Co 2/492
ALLARD, A. Gordon 2/1074; 2/1075; 13/305; 13/316
ALLARD, George Mason, Sir 1/715
ALLARS, R. H. 1/735
ALLBRIGHT, D. E. 2/1481
ALLCHIN, F. Lloyd 1/80
ALLDIS, J., Rev 1/250-3, 1/254
ALLDIS, V. R. 1/5386-7; 1/5460; 1/5509; 1/6163; 1/6172; 3/672; 3/1238; 3/1411
ALLEN, A. M. 30/4726; 30/4727
ALLEN, A.S. 13/2116
ALLEN, Charles 1/2652-6; 1/2735
ALLEN, F. B. 28/1088-91; 28/1108
ALLEN, G.B. 1/10909; 2/5574-5
ALLEN, Henry G. 1/1269; 1/1282
ALLEN, J. 1/382
ALLEN, J. W. 1/386-8; 1/1879
ALLEN, L.G. 13/2085; 13/2122
ALLEN, M. M. 1/3139-40; 1/3156
ALLEN, P.B. 13/1604
ALLEN, Phyllis 28/4969; 28/4971; 28/4978
ALLEN, Stanley F. 1/11240-1; 1/11246
ALLEN, Walter G. 30/1473; 30/4905
ALLEN, TAYLOR and CO 2/85-6
ALLEN, Thomas J. 1/597; 1/646; 1/657; 5/9143
ALLEN, William F. 1/10959-61; 1/1453-7
ALLIBON, L. 1/3653; 1/3708
ALLISON, Gertrude 1/2595-6; 1/2732
ALLISTON, C. 30/3726; 30/3727; 30/3931
ALLISTON, T.W., Bdr 30/3204
ALLISTON, T. W. 30/3283-4; 30/3285
ALLSOP, Roy 13/1436
ALLUVIAL PROSPECTORS 2/1825
AMER, F. T. 13/1502
AMERY, Florence 13/14; 13/33; 13/169; 13/228-30
AMERY L. S. 1/162-4; 1/265; 1/505; 1/602; 1/1023; 1/1172; 1/1413-15; 1/1445-7; 1/1454-5; 1/1456-7; 1/1459-62; 1/1465-6; 1/1467-70; 1/1472-5; 1/1477; 1/1479-81; 1/1482-3; 1/1530-2; 1/1722-3; 1/2666-8, 1/3974; 1/4190-5; 1/4316-17; 1/4404; 1/5020-1; 1/5059; 1/6423-4;1/6484; 1/7710; 1/7925; 1/8026; 1/9376; 1/10094; 1/10884; 1/11309; 3/114; 3/1509; 3/1510, 3/1893, 13/733, 15/14, 16/2162-3, 16/2163, 16/2953-4; 16/3008-14; 16/3015-21; 16/3056-8; 23/97; 23/186; 24/9; 24/32; 24/458-9; 24/469-70; 24/505; 24/506; 25/23-6
AMOORE, Trixie M. 1/5762-3; 1/5886
AMUNDSEN, G. R. 1/12339
ANDERMANN, C. F. 1/7921; 1/7922
ANDERSEN, Beryl 1/12574
ANDERSEN, I. M. 1/10135-6; 1/10145
ANDERSON, A. C. 13/816-17
ANDERSON, A. S.O. 30/8069; 30/8071; 80/8072; 30/8073
ANDERSON, Alan F. 30/3927; 30/3929; 30/3981; 30/3982; 30/4115; 30/4116
ANDERSON, B. H. 1/2185-6; 1/2206
ANDERSON, B. J. 5/9264
ANDERSON, Bernice R. 1/9711; 1/9728
ANDERSON, Charles 13/928
ANDERSON, D. C. 30/1631; 30/1632
ANDERSON, E. M. 30/2467-8; 30/2469; 30/2470; 30/2471; 30/2472; 30/2473; 30/2475; 30/2477; 30/2478
ANDERSON, F. E. 1/12511; 1/12648
ANDERSON, F. G. 1/7126
ANDERSON, G. H. 30/351; 30/352
ANDERSON, G. W. 30/2458
ANDERSON, G. W. J. 30/3454; 30/3457; 30/3459; 30/3461; 30/3462; 30/3463
ANDERSON, Grace 30/4927; 30/4934-4935
ANDERSON, H. K. 1/2459-60; 1/2526
ANDERSON, Harold S. 1/5448-50
ANDERSON, Harry 1/10773-4; 1/10832; 1/11070-1; 1/11548-9
ANDERSON, J. 2/2604
ANDERSON, J. 30/256
ANDERSON, J. A. 1/2115; 30/2676; 30/2678; 30/2679; 30/2681; 30/2684
ANDERSON, J. T. 20/356
ANDERSON, J. W. 2/1078-80
ANDERSON, Jean 13/32
ANDERSON, Joseph 30/264; 30/265; 30/266; 30/267
ANDERSON, K. A. 30/8110;;30/8115; 30/8117; 30/8119; 30/8120-21
ANDERSON, Kenneth 1/6691; 1/9041; 1/9054; 1/9229; 1/9244; 1/9778; 1/9789; 1/10533; 2/4364-5; 2/4383; 2/4399-400; 3/32
ANDERSON, Kenneth S. 13/129; 15/7; 25/220
ANDERSON, Lilian 30/3107; 30/3110
ANDERSON, M A. 1/2608; 1/2609
ANDERSON, M. E. 30/1484
ANDERSON, Malcolm 1/3821; 1/9018; 1/9042
ANDERSON, Marjorie 13/1961; 13/1962; 13/1963; 13/1964; 13/1965; 13/1978; 13/1979; 13/1980; 13/1981; 13/1990; 13/1991; 13/1993; 13/1994; 13/1995; 13/1996; 13/1997; 13/1998; 13/1999; 13/2000; 13/2001; 13/2002; 13/2008; 13/2009-10; 13/2011; 13/2012; 13/2014; 13/2015; 13/2016, 13/2048; 13/2049; 13/2050-1; 13/2053-5; 13/2058-9; 13/2091; 13/2096; 13/2101; 13/2145
ANDERSON, Morton 1/12324; 1/12331
ANDERSON, N. E. 30/1660
ANDERSON, R. C. 13/1279
ANDERSON, Ray 1/3534; 1/11055; 1/11090; 2/2546; 2/4311; 2/4315; 2/4967; 2/4992
ANDERSON, Robert M. McC. 1/4; 1/23-4; 1/26; 1/27-9; 1/34; 1/39; 1/40-3; 1/51-3; 1/73-5; 2/76; 2/125; 2/591-2; 13/26-9; 13/209; 16/263-8; 16/3053; 16/3054; 20/496; 23/13; 24/508
ANDERSON, S. L. 30/973; 30/2723; 30/10212; 30/10214
ANDERSON, S. S. 13/1388
ANDERSON, W. 30/1275
ANDRE, M., Sister see De Largie, Isobel
ANDREW, N. V. 1/7080-7; 1/7095
ANDREWS, Clement W. 1/618-19; 1/712
ANDREWS, W. 28/954; 28/1046
ANGLISS, W. & Co 1/868; 13/1277
ANGLO-PERSIAN OIL COMPANY LTD 16/151
ANGUS & ROBERTSON, Publishers 1/10998; 1/11111; 1/11126; 1/11462; 1/11643; 2/394; 2/863; 2/894; 2/2477; 2/2522; 2/3314; 2/3619; 2/3931; 2/3934-6; 2/4218; 2/4380; 2/4588; 2/4594; 2/5396; 5/546-7; 5/7206-8; 5/7210; 5/9136
ANNETTS, A. 30/2130
ANNING, Elizabeth 1/12601
ANNING, Mavis 1/11813-14
ANSTEY, A. M. 1/12251-2; 1/12256; 1/12272; 1/12278-9; 1/12303; 1/12349-50; 1/12353
ANSTEY, Frank 1/843; 1/1630; 16/84
ANSTEY, M. 12/901-2; 12/907
ANTHONY, Chas. Captain 30/8615; 30/8616
ANTHONY, Hubert L. 1/10501; 1/10515; 3/291; 28/3035; 28/5107
ANTHONY, Larry 28/5109
ANTHONY HORDERN & SONS 1/8990; 1/10740; 1/10743; 2/2262; 2/3035; 2/3072; 2/3310; 2/3331-2; 2/3340; 2/3341; 2/3342; 2/3347; 2/3350; 2/3351-2; 2/3494; 2/3498; 2/3514; 2/3577; 2/3779; 2/3854; 2/3919-20; 2/3929; 2/3967; 2/3978; 2/3996; 2/4077; 2/4139; 2/4189; 2/4289; 2/4322; 2/5312; 2/5326; 2/5328; 13/679
ANTROLUS, M. E. 1/6102
APPLETON, W. A. 1/974-6; 1/987; 1/1000; 1/2925
APSEY, Florence 1/17-19; 1/620-2; 1/641; 1/738-41; 1/768; 1/784-91; 1/2946-8; 1/3015-17; 1/3048; 1/4836-9; 1/4916, 1/5011-15; 1/7107; 1/7227-8; 13/62-71; 28/1176-7; 28/1239; 29/154-5; 30/1907
A. R. C. ENGINEERING 30/7337
ARCHDEACON, V. J. 1/2398-9; 1/2410
ARCHBOLD, A. 30/68; 30/69; 30/70, 30/71; 30/72; 30/73
ARCHBOLD, Ada E. 3/895-8
ARCHER, George A. 2/4583; 2/4683; 2/4711
ARCHER, Richard F. 1/9372; 2/1956-7
ARGLES, A. R. 2/5322; 2/5737; 2/5741-2
ARGUS, Newspaper 1/1384
ARKEY, J. H. 30/2167; 30/2169
ARKINS, J. G. D. 1/4593; 1/4622; 30/3246
ARMATI, Suzette 1/3784
ARMITAGE, C. C., Major 30/1240
ARMITAGE, Hugh T. 1/2955; 1/3009; 1/9012; 1/10331; 1/10332; 2/108-9; 2/317; 2/544; 2/3262-3; 2/3517; 2/4672; 2/4872; 12/898-9; 12/12339
ARMITAGE, K. 1/208
ARMSTRONG, C. A. 2/1311
ARMSTRONG, G. O. D. 1/1718-19; 1/1801
ARMSTRONG, G. S. 1/7789, 1/7830
ARMSTRONG, H. 13/1225
ARMSTRONG, Harry G. 1/1167
ARMSTRONG, Henry C. 1/392; 1/393-9; 1/1107-13; 1/1114; 1/1115-19; 1/1130-3; 1/1138-9; 1/1853-4; 1/4307; 1/7030-1; 1/7775; 1/10458-64; 1/10897-8; 1/11018-23; 1/11020-3; 1/11084-6; 1/1185-6; 1/11287-90; 1/11714-15; 1/11716; 1/11751-2; 1/12138; 1/12198; 3/282; 3/1292; 3/1687; 3/1809-10; 12/852-3; 13/197; 13/743-4; 13/780; 13/1526-30; 13/1531
ARMSTRONG, John 13/1280-1
ARMSTRONG, Marie M. 1/5515; 1/5640; 1/5665; 1/8799-800
ARMSTRONG, T. 2/75
ARNALL, Edwin E. 1/11094; 1/11101
ARNEL, K. L. 13/1524
ARNFIELD, V. 30/10228; 30/10230; 30/10232-33
ARNOLD, C. E. 30/3327; 30/3328
ARNOLD, Norman A. 12/1149
ARNOTT, John S. 30/6595; 30/6596
ARRON, J. P. 1/10326-7; 3/1345
ARROWSMITH, H. M. 1/6761; 1/6779; 1/6963; 1/6971; 1/6973; 1/6990; 1/7003; 1/7015-16; 1/7028; 1/7360-1
ARTARMON & DISTRICT PROGRESS ASSOCIATION 30/317; 30/318
ARTHUR, W. S., Group Captain (D.S.O., D.F.C.) 30/7749; 30/7755; 30/7761
ARTHUR-SMITH, J. A. 1/11149; 2/5633
ARUNDEL, Ernest A. 1/184-5
ARUNDEL, G. E. 30/2162
ARUNDELL, M. E. 30/6132
ASH, E. A. North see NORTH Ash, E. A.
ASH, Norman 29/386; 29/387-8; 29/389
ASHBOLT, Alfred H., Sir 1/390-1; 25/35-42; 25/44-55; 25/211-14
ASHBURNER, Margaret 3/1323
ASHBY, Sylvia 1/4500-2; 1/4522
ASHCROFT, Helen L. 1/1168-70; 1/11299
ASHE, J. 30/350
ASHLEY, Edith 13/1270
ASHLEY, J. 30/1998
ASHLEY, William P. 1/7383; 1/7402; 1/7404; 1/7612; 1/9251; 1/9610-11; 1/9611; 1/10351; 1/10366; 1/10440; 2/2887; 2/3234; 30/2574; 30/2780; 30/2782; 30/2786; 30/2859; 30/2860; 30/2861; 30/2863; 30/2988; 30/3928; 30/3930; 30/3938; 30/3941; 30/3942; 30/4245; 30/4246; 30/4262; 30/4366; 30/4377; 30/4768; 30/4824; 30/4826; 30/4869; 30/5148; 30/5149; 30/5150; 30/5263; 30/5265; 30/5267; 30/5370; 30/5371; 30/5372; 30/5432; 30/5433; 30/5435; 30/5436; 30/5759; 30/5862; 30/6000; 30/6008; 30/6024; 30/6025; 30/6053; 30/6071; 30/6073; 30/6277; 30/6976; 30/6977; 30/6978; 30/7006; 30/7008; 30/7011; 30/7012; 30/7018; 30/7019; 30/7022; 30/7074; 30/7075; 30/7079; 30/7081; 30/7083; 30/7086; 30/7087; 30/7462-64; 30/7569; 30/7571; 30/7809; 30/7879; 30/8005; 30/8007; 30/8227; 30/8234; 30/8271; 30/8273; 30/8279; 30/8281; 30/8436; 30/8437; 30/8913; 30/8914, 30/9200, 30/9201, 30/9291, 30/9292, 30/9539; 30/9541; 30/9547; 30/9795; 30/9797; 30/9799; 30/9872; 30/9874; 30/9918; 30/9919; 30/9922; 30/9923; 30/9927; 30/9935; 30/9937; 30/10013; 30/10014; 30/10147; 30/10149; 30/10196; 30/10198; 30/10199; 30/10601; 30/10604, 30/10605, 30/10688, 30/10690
ASHTON, Adrian 1/11395-7; 1/11447
ASHTON, Colin M. 1/44
ASHTON, Frank H. 1/11333; 1/12595
ASHTON, H. R. 1/86
ASHTON, Helen 1/1581
ASHTON, James 1/1028
ASHTON, Janet 13/1427
ASHTON, Marcus W. 1/695; 1/709; 1/734; 1/742-3; 1/760
ASHTON, Sam 30/62; 30/63
ASHTON, W. J. 30/2948; 30/2951; 30/2953
ASPINALL, Archie 1/1620
ASPINALL, D. 1/11989; 1/12004-5; 1/12123-4
ASQUITH, W. W. 22/2
ASSOCIATED BUSINESS SERVICES, Sydney 1/5304
ASTON, H. P. 30/3855
ATHERTON, Geo 29/195
ATKINS, Ada 30/2542; 30/2544; 30/2547
ATKINS, W. J. 13/1583
ATKINSON, J. St Barbe 30/8136; 30/8137-42
ATKINSON, L. 29/76-7
ARWOOD, Wallace W. 26/28
AUBREY, Melbourne E. 1/12074
AUDIPHONE Co. 2/38
AUERU, J. 1/203
AUGE, P. 28/4896
AULSEBROOK, J. C. 3/1287
AULSEBROOK, Joan 1/6444; 1/6449
AUSTIN, E. R. 2/2225, 2/2233
AUSTIN, H. S. 1/9942-4; 1/9950
AUSTIN, L. 2/3673; 2/3759
AUSTRALIA-POSTMASTER GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT 28/2957
AUSTRALIAN COMFORTS FUND 2/3052-3; 2/3062
AUSTRALIAN FOUNDATION INVESTMENT CO 1/89
AUSTRALIAN JOURNALISTS ASSOCIATION 2/314-5
AUTICO, Terribile 1/4228-9
AUTOMOBILE ASSOCIATION 2/5632; 2/5729
AVELING, Victor 28/1454; 28/10-11; 29/13; 29/14; 29/15; 29/274; 29/275; 29/292; 29/293; 30/190; 30/191
AVERBACH, Graeme (or William) 30/4089
A. W. Peters and Sons see PETERS AND SONS, A.W. 30/3815
AXTELL, John 30/4256-4257
AYLWARD, Phyllis 1/10441; 1/10447
ALYWARD, W. J. 30/4074; 30/4075; 30/4076; 30/4077; 30/4078-4079; 30/4080; 30/4081; 30/4082; 30/4083; 30/4084; 30/4085; 30/4086; 30/4087; 30/4089; 30/4090; 30/4094; 30/4108; 30/4110-4111
AYTON, I. 30/7025
AZANA 1/11938
BABBAGE, S. Barton, Rev 1/10138; 1/10354; 1/10363
BABBAGE, Laura L. 30/6078
BABBAGE, Z. G. 30/9207
BACHLI, Alfred 1/1399/2; 1/1399/4; 1/7456; 1/10617; 2/3042; 2/3981; 2/4197; 2/4265; 3/151; 28/4112; 28/4337; 28/5128
BADCOCK, E. O. 17/621-9
BADDELEY, J. M. 30/5285; 30/5309; 30/5311; 30/5320, 30/7324; 30/7326
BADEN, R. L. 24/155-60
BADER, George 1/260; 1/261
BADHAM, Kate M. 30/6126
BAGLIN, E. 1/2153-6
BAGNELL, A. 30/7511
BAILEY, Bill 1/12240
BAILEY, F. H. 30/3500
BAILEY, G. A. 1/6711; 1/7200; 1/7545; 1/8515; 9/1695; 9/1696; 9/1706; 9/1717; 9/1722; 28/1387; 28/1428; 30/97; 30/116; 30/557; 30/559; 30/560; 30/562; 30/570; 30/571; 30/574; 30/576; 30/577; 30/582; 30/585; 30/587; 30/588; 30/595; 30/596; 30/754; 30/849; 30/851; 30/853; 30/1378; 30/2752; 30/2754; 30/3682; 30/4313; 30/4365; 30/4480; 30/5376; 30/5377; 30/5378; 30/5760; 30/5761; 30/5863; 30/5864; 30/6023; 30/6072; 30/6074; 30/6289; 30/6353; 30/6801; 30/6802; 30/6804; 30/6805; 30/6906; 30/6907; 30/7503; 30/7504; 30/7506; 30/7509; 30/7510; 30/8114; 30/8116; 30/8132; 30/8150; 30/8246; 30/8247; 30/8249; 30/8251; 30/8253; 30/8897; 30/8909; 30/8910; 30/9493; 30/9495; 30/9497; 30/9499; 30/9501; 30/9503, 30/10289; 30/10292; 30/10294; 30/10296, 30/10298; 30/10299; 30/10300; 30/10302
BAILEY, L. O. 1/9033; 1/9046; 1/9050; 2/4511-12
BAILEY, Olive E. 1/9111; 1/9233
BAILEY, P. J., Major 13/2185; 30/43
BAILEY, Stanley A. 1/3083-5; 1/3165; 1/4059; 1/4076
BAILLIE, J. W., Major 30/7888; 30/7891
BAILLIEU, Arthur 1/1147
BAILLIEU, C. 2/1570; 2/1574-6
BAILLIEU, E. L. 2/1570; 2/1574-6
BAILLIEU, Elizabeth 13/1397
BAILLIEU, Peggy 13/154
BAIN, W. G. L. 1/7293; 1/7322-40
BAINTON, J. R. 1/380-1
BAIRD, F. W. 30/10651
BAIRD, John Logie 1/898-9
BAKER, A. J. 30/9513; 30/9515
BAKER, A. L. 1/5530-7; 1/5584; 1/5600-2
BAKER, Ada 1/2961; 1/2987
BAKER, B. 30/1299
BAKER, Clifford A. 1/10988; 1/10995; 13/1327; 28/4966-7
BAKER, H. H. 1/667; 1/671; 1/704; 1/1326
BAKER, H. N. 1/1399/23
BAKER, Herbert 16/2225-7
BAKER, L. M. 1/80
BAKER, Robert 30/8722; 30/8724; 30/8725; 30/8727; 30/8729
BAKER, S. 1/6533
BALCON, Michael 1/11
BALDRY, G. L. 30/3484; 30/3486
BALDRY, H. J. 30/3481
BALDRY, J. M. 30/2467; 30/2649; 30/2651; 30/2654
BALDWIN, Charles E. 26/90-1
BALDWIN, K., Col 13/1591
BALE, W. H. 1/4577; 1/4746
BALES, J., Mayor 1/2045; 3/193; 30/848; 30/854; 30/1376
BALFOUR, Alice 13/100; 13/102-3
BALFOUR, J. E. 1/1399/38-42
BALL, George 1/12564; 2/2856; 2/4274; 2/4304; 30/5611; 30/5612; 30/5614; 30/5615
BALL, I. A. 30/1143-4; 30/1145; 30/1149
BALL, Percy Manning 30/5308; 30/5310; 5312; 30/5314; 30/5315; 30/5316; 30/5317-5318
BALL, W. McMahon 1/2199; 1/2207-8; 1/10610; 1/10720; 30/2293; 30/2295
BALLARD, C. A. 28/931-2; 28/935; 28/972-3; 28/1154
BALMAIN, Alison 13/112
BALME, A. H. 24/331
BALMER, G. J. 30/9987; 30/9988
BALMFORD, W. C. 30/2634
BALSILLE, C. 30/6728; 30/6729; 30/10661; 30/10665; 30/10667
BALZER, Noel, Mrs 30/9199
BAMFORD, C. 1/38
BAMFORD, F. W. 28/1360
BAMPTON, John 9/1772; 9/1779
BANCROFT, N. 1/2043; 1/2125
BANDIDT, H. N. C. 1/5723; 1/5752
BANFIELD, Charlie R. F. 1/3360; 1/3370; 1/3660; 1/4041; 1/4109; 1/4143; 1/4146; 1/4159; 1/4321; 1/4918; 1/4922; 1/6276; 1/6277; 1/6660; 1/6690; 1/6702; 1/7038; 1/7041; 1/7103; 1/7104; 1/7435; 1/7444; 1/7479-80; 1/7485; 1/7820; 1/7851
BANKS, Walter 29/347; 29/355
BANNATYNE, Robert 1/5603-4; 1/5623
BANNISTER, Paul 1/04
BARBER, P. 1/10687; 1/10698
BARBETI, Tony 28/3062
BARCANES, Crawford 24/408; 25/19
BARCLAY, F. E. 30/8662
BARCLAY, James G. 1/10086
BARDER, H. W., Canon 1/2233; 1/2285
BARDON, J. A. 28/3073
BARHAM, Wilfred A. 30/10322; 30/10323; 30/10328-29
BARING Deck, G. H. 13/1424
BARKER, H. C. 1/8369-70
BARKER, R. L. 30/2499; 30/2500; 30/2502
BARKER, Terry 1/12025-7
BARKLEY, Enid G. 3/1900
BARNARD, C. J. 1/5362
BARNARD, Herbert C. 1/8979; 1/8991; 1/9030; 1/9179; 1/9193; 1/9250
BARNBY, S. 2/4498-9
BARNES, A. G. 30/8326
BARNES, John T. 1/845; 1/2760-1; 1/4201; 1/4206
BARNETT, C. F. 30/3701; 30/777
BARNETT, G. P. 30/2461; 30/2462
BARNETT, L. M. 1/6588
BARNETT, W. H. 30/4200; 30/4254
BARON, Richard, Sir 1/4945; 1/5090; 1/6030
BARR, Gordon 1/6210
BARR, Joan 2/5815
BARRACK, J. W. 1/11929; 2/4937; 2/4958; 2/5018
BARRENGER, H. A. 2/4877; 2/5376; 2/5407
BARRETT, Charles A. 1/2431
BARRETT, E. L. 1/2196; 1/8111; 1/8131; 1/8983; 1/9000; 30/1345
BARRETT, Ernest F. 30/9006; 30/9009; 30/9010; 30/9011
BARRETT, G. L. 30/3080; 30/3081
BARRETT, George 1/6520; 1/10269; 1/10342; 2/2984; 2/2994; 28/2895; 28/2902; 28/2904; 28/3097; 28/4145; 28/4148; 28/4241; 28/4250
BARRETT, J. E. 29/101; 29/102; 30/94; 30/107
BARRETT, James W., Sir 1/1175-6; 3/182
BARRETT, Lilian 1/11221; 1/11242; 1/11274; 1/11284; 1/11297
BARRETT, W. C. 1/6115; 1/6130; 2/3507; 2/3510; 2/4592-3; 2/4601; 2/4627-8; 28/4403
BARRINGTON-WARD, L. E. 30/490
BARROW, J. H. 1/3116; 1/3138; 1/3145; 1/3177
BARROW, Phoebe 30/1505; 30/1508
BARRY, R. D. 30/9724
BARRY, W. L. 1/8283
BARTHOLOMEW, Clive P. 1/1894; 1/4570
BARTLETT, F. T. 16/338-40
BARTLETT, G. O. C., Rev 30/1236; 30/7197; 30/7198; 30/7222; 30/7223; 30/7224; 30/7227; 30/7228; 30/7230; 30/7232; 30/7234
BARTLETT, W. F. 1/9113
BARTLETT-TAYLOR, N. 30/981
BARTLEY, Florence T., Mayoress 1/27
BARTLEY, Reginald J., Mayor 1/27
BARTON, A. W. 30/8376; 30/8387; 30/8389; 30/8391-92
BARTON, A. Tinley 1/3442-3; 1/3449
BARTON, Edmund, Sir 16/102; 16/111-14
BARTON, H. 1/6091; 1/6096
BARTON, M. D. Plunkett 1/958; 1/1205; 1/1315
BARTON, Wilfred T. 30/3329-30
BARWICK, A. N. S., Rev 1/3051; 1/3136; 1/3190; 1/3195; 1/3505; 1/3508; 3/433; 30/9274; 30/9282; 30/9295
BASHFORD, A. G. 30/2211-2; 30/2213
BASHFORD, Helen 30/3132; 30/3134
BASHFORD, Ruby M. 30/9758; 30/9760
BASIL, M., Mother 1/12029; 1/12030
BASSETT, W. A. 1/7991; 1/8021
BASTARD, E. A. 30/6803
BASTONE, J. 1/747; 1/774
BASTOW, Geoffrey 30/6158
BATCHELOR, Egerton L. 15/36; 15/145-6; 15/166
BATCHELOR, H. R. 2/1931
BATCHELOR, Stella A. 1/12246; 3/9, 8/175
BATE, Jeff 1/12125-8
BATEMAN, F. G. 1/9743; 1/9755
BATEMAN, W. J. 13/2112
BATES, Daisy 30/7056-7060; these letters refer only to Daisy Bates work (re Government assistance) written by Kathleen Campbell etc.
BATES, F. C. 15/34
BATES, G. W. 20/368
BATES, John 1/330; 29/33-4
BATESON, A. C. 1/4336; 1/4345; 1/5221; 1/5227; 1/6308; 1/7148; 1/7156; 30/3197; 30/3199; 30/3857; 30/3858; 30/3859; 30/3860
BATH, Keith P. 1/4589