Guide to the Papers of Lord Gowrie

MS 2852

National Library of Australia


Date completed: February 2001
Last updated: February 2001


Table of Contents

Collection Summary

Introduction

Scope and Content

Access

Copying and Publishing

Preferred Citation

Provenance

Related Material

Biographical Note

Series List and Descriptions

Series 1 Childhood and Youth, c 1880-91

Series 2 Military career, 1859-87

Series 3 Governor of South Australia, 1927-35

Series 4 Governor of New South Wales, 1934-37

Series 5 Governor-General of Australia, 1928-48

Series 6 Deputy Constable and Lieutenant Governor of Windsor Castle, 1928-55

Series 7 Family and personal correspondence, 1902-65

Series 8 Correspondence with the Royal Household, 1928-58

Series 9 Cables, 1907-45

Series 10 Correspondence and papers relating to the death of Hugh 'Puck' Grosvenor, c. 1914-39

Series 11 Correspondence and papers relating to the death of Patrick Hore- Ruthven, 1942

Series 12 Correspondence and papers relating to the death of Lord Gowrie, 1955-60

Series 13 Correspondence and papers relating to the death of Lady Gowrie, 1965

Series 14 Honours, 1916-51

Series 15 Genealogical and biographical papers, 1864-1987

Series 16 Legal, business and financial papers, 1901-62

Series 17 Speeches and broadcasts, c. 1923-51

Series 18 Collected poetry, verse and essays, c. 1930-54, c. 1930-54

Series 19 Photographs, c. 1890-1956

Series 20 Newspaper cuttings, 1908-57

Series 21 Memorabilia, c. 1904-56

Family Nicknames

Box List



Collection Summary

Creator: Hore-Ruthven, Sir Alexander Gore Arkwright, 1st Earl of
Title: Papers of Lord Gowrie
Date range: 1835-1987
Collection number: MS 2852
Extent: 8.54 m. (61 boxes) + 8 folio boxes

Introduction

Scope and Content

The collection constitutes a rich record of Gowrie's life, from a boy at Eton and young officer of the British Empire, to a 'mature man of affairs' who held several appointments of vice-regal office in Australia. The papers are varied in format and include official and private correspondence, cables, genealogical and biographical papers, legal and financial records, speeches, broadcasts, photographs, newspaper cuttings and memorabilia. Aspects of the life and work of Gowrie's wife, Zara, and their son, Patrick Hore-Ruthven, are also detailed in the papers.

Importantly, the successive phases of Gowrie's distinguished public career in Australia are recorded: as Governor of South Australia (1928-34), Governor of New South Wales (1935-36), and Governor-General of Australia (1936-44). Thus, the collection represents an almost unbroken period of vice-regal service in Australia, during times of great transition, including the Depression and World War II. Gowrie's popularity with Australians is reflected in extensive correspondence, and his friendship with Prime Minister John Curtin is also partially recorded in the papers.

Amongst the fellow governors, politicians, military leaders, monarchs and other prominent individuals, from both Australia and overseas, whose letters can be found in the collection are Lord Kitchener, Joseph and Enid Lyons, Lord Baden Powell, Sir George Murray, Lord Bruce, Stanley Baldwin, Sir John Latham, Sir Keith Officer, F.M. Forde, R.G. Menzies, W.M. Hughes, General Douglas MacArthur, Eamon de Valera, Maie Casey, Sir Donald Bradman, Sir Lloyd Dumas, Sir Earle Page, Sir Robert Garran, Sir Winston Churchill, Lord Montgomery, Ben Chifley, Daisy Bates, Lloyd Rees, Lord Dudley, Joan Hammond, Sir Keith Hancock, May Gibbs, Lady Stonehaven, Ivy Brookes, Lord Slim, Paul Sorensen, Mab Grimwade, Emily Dutton and Sir Philip Game.

Also well-documented are Gowrie's years as a soldier when he fought in the Egyptian Army in the Sudan, and held positions of high-command in World War I. Some of the military correspondence was written shortly after, or even in the midst of battles, and several items record his observations at Gallipoli where he witnessed the attack at Lone Pine, and at Suvla Bay.

Gowrie's life spanned the latter decades of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, and the collection reflects the prevailing importance of Empire, especially in papers relating to the Empire Day Movement of which he was president. There are also papers relating to the vice-regal couple's social service interests and charitable involvements such as the Boy Scout and Girl Guide Movements, the Australian Red Cross, and early childhood care centres.

A biographical account of Gowrie's life, Gowrie VC by John Blanch, was posthumously published in Melbourne in 1998. Typescript drafts of the title form part of the genealogical component of the collection.

Access

The collection is partly available for reference and partly closed. Folders 1, 11 and 15 in Series 6 and Folder 17 in Series 8 are subject to Royal Copyright and access restrictions, and remain closed for 60 years from the date of creation; all other papers are available for reference.

Provenance

The papers were donated to the National Library in seven instalments: by Gowrie's grandson, the Honourable Malise Hore-Ruthven, in 1970, 1981 (two instalments), 1983, 1986 and 1993, and; in 1999 by Barbara Blanch, widow of Gowrie's biographer, John Blanch.

In addition, in 1969 the Library received a collection of books acquired by Lord Gowrie, which had been housed at Australia House since 1955. Most of the volumes were presentation copies inscribed by the authors. Those books not already held were added to the Library's general book collection, whilst duplicate titles were offered to other libraries through the Clearing Centre.

Copying and Publishing

Copying and publishing of unpublished manuscript material is subject to copyright restrictions. For such material, written permission to publish must be obtained from the copyright holder(s). Copying of unpublished material for research purposes is permissible 50 years after the death of the creator of the material.

Related Material

In addition to Gowrie's own papers, a number of other Library collections contain materials relating to his and Lady Gowrie's careers. The papers of Phyllis Parkinson, Private Secretary to Lady Gowrie, including engagement lists, photographs, greeting cards, invitations and newspaper cuttings are housed at MS 7321. Correspondence between Lord Gowrie and Lord Huntingfield, Governor of Victoria (1934-39) and Acting Governor-General of Australia (March-September 1938) was microfilmed as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project and filed at mfm M2820-2824.

Four photographs of, and two short letters by, Lady Gowrie form part of the papers of Mabel Carrodus, a Red Cross and gardening acquaintance, at MS 8499. A portrait photograph of Lady Gowrie, taken by Charles Luke in the 1930s, is housed in the Pictorial Collection at PIC P1100 LOC M1.

Other correspondence by Lord Gowrie is located in the papers Sir John Latham (MS 1009), Sir Josiah Symon (MS 1736), H.H. Pearce (MS 2765), Alfred Deakin (MS 1540), Sir Isaac Isaacs (MS 2755) and Sir Ernest Scott (MS 703), and the literary critic Kate Baker (MS 2022). Additional letters by Lady Gowrie can be found in the papers of Latham and Symon, and in the correspondence of Sir Keith Officer (MS 2629).

Short recollections of Lord and Lady Gowrie recorded by Alec Chisholm, Hector Harrison and Nell Allgrove in 1972, 1973 and 1981 form part of the Oral History Collection at ORAL TRC 121/34, 121/46 and 1087, respectively.

Official papers relating to Gowrie's term of office as Governor-General of Australia are housed in the National Archives of Australia (http://www.naa.gov.au/).

Preferred Citation

Items from this collection should be cited as '[Title or description of manuscript item], Papers of Lord Gowrie, National Library of Australia, MS 2852, [series and/or folder number]'.

Biographical Note

Date Event
1872 Alexander Gore Arkwright Hore-Ruthven born 6 July, Windsor, England, second son of Walter Hore-Ruthven, eighth Baron Ruthven, and Lady Caroline Gore, daughter of the fourth Earl of Arran
1879 Zara Eileen Pollok born 20 January, Ireland, daughter of John Pollok, Lismany, Galway
c. 1882-83 Weekly boarder, Westward-Ho Junior School, Devon
c. 1884-85 Boarder, Winton House school, Winchester
1885-87 Educated, Eton College; withdrawn due to eyesight problem
1887-91 Office work at James Finlay and Co. (merchants),Glasgow
1892 Tea planting, Assam, India; succumbed to malaria and returned to England with parents via China, Japan, Canada and America
1898-99 Joined 3rd (Militia) Battalion, The Highland Light Infantry; served with Egyptian Army in the Sudan campaigns, where he was present at the Battle of Gedaref and other operations resulting in the final defeat of the Khalifa; awarded Victoria Cross (1898)
1899 Commissioned to Cameron Highlanders; captain (1900)
1905-08 Military Secretary and Aide-de-Camp to Lord Dudley, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, and his successor, Lord Aberdeen
1908 Married Zara Eileen Pollok, 1 June; promoted to captain in 1st (King's) Dragoon Guards
1908 Married Zara Eileen Pollok, 1 June; promoted to captain in 1st (King's) Dragoon Guards
1908-1910 Military Secretary to Lord Dudley, Governor-General of Australia (Alexander Hore-Ruthven arriving in Australia, July 1908, via Canada; Zara arrived September 1908 with Lady Dudley)
1909-1910 Served on staff of Lord Kitchener during Australian defence investigations
1910-1914 Military service, India
1913 Birth of only surviving son, Patrick, 30 August, Quetta
1913-14 Quetta Staff College
1914 (Sept.) Sailed from Karachi, India, to France in City of Poona
1914 (Nov.) Zara arrived in United Kingdom
1914-15 Brigade Major in France during WWI; severely wounded at Gallipoli as GSO II in Welsh Guards and returned to England
1916-1917 GSO I to 62nd Division
1917 (Jul.) Returned to France
1917 Second son Alistair born 2 August (died 4 August)
1916-18 GSO I to Welsh Guards Division, September-December
1916-19 Brigadier-General on general staff of 7th Army Corps; appointed to DSO with bar, CB and CMG, five times mentioned in dispatches
1918 Commander of 29th Infantry Brigade
1918-19 Commanded 28th Highland Brigade, France and Germany
1920-24 Commander of Welsh Guards
1924-28 Commander of 1st Infantry Brigade, Aldershot
1926-27 Senior Steward, National Hunt Committee
1928 Appointed KCMG; retired from Army
1928-34 Governor of South Australia
1930 (Jan.) Death of Aide-de-Camp, Hugh 'Puck' Grosvenor, Port Phillip Bay
1930 (Dec.) Zara departed for England, arriving 14 January 1931
1931 Patrick Hore-Ruthven entered Cambridge
1931 (Aug.) Zara returned to Adelaide
1935 Created a Baron (Lord Gowrie), GCMG
1935-36 Governor of New South Wales
1936-44 Governor-General of Australia
1937 Privy Counsellor; Zara in United Kingdom, January-May
1938 Toured Bali and Java at the invitation of the Government of the Netherlands East Indies; private visit to India to see Patrick
1939 Patrick Hore-Ruthven married Pamela Fletcher in London, 5 January
1942 Zara admitted to hospital with pneumonia; Patrick Hore-Ruthven killed in action in Libya, 24 December, unknown to parents
1943 (Feb.) Cable received with news of Patrick's death
1943 Undertook four week tour of inspection of Allied Defence Forces in Northern Australia and New Guinea, May-June
1944 Departed from Australia, September
1945 Created an Earl
1945-53 Deputy Constable and Lieutenant-Governor of Windsor Castle
1948 Elected President of Marylebone Cricket Club
1955 Death of Lord Gowrie, 2 May, Gloucestershire
1965 Death of Lady Gowrie, 19 July


Series List and Descriptions

Series 1 Childhood and Youth, c 1880-91

A series of childhood letters penned by Alexander Hore-Ruthven from about the age of seven until nineteen years old. Principally addressed to his mother, the correspondence includes weekly reports from Winton House school, Winchester College where he boarded from 1884 to 1885 and Eton College, Windsor, where his education continued from 1886 to 1888. His schooling finished prematurely when he was withdrawn from Eton due to eyesight problems, and was sent into business by his parents, to a tea merchant's office in Glasgow. Folder 13 contains some correspondence from India in 1891, where the young Gowrie subsequently worked on a tea plantation, together with two childhood letters from his brother Walter.

Folder 1 Letters to parents, c. 1880
Folder 2 Letters to parents, c. 1881-87
Folder 3 Letters to parents, c. 1882-83
Folder 4-5 Letters from Winton House, 1884-85
Folder 6-7 Letters from Winton House, 1885
Folder 8-9 Letters from Eton College, 1886
Folder 10-11 Letters from Eton College, 1886-88
Folder 12 Letters from Eton College, 1888
Folder 13 Correspondence, including letters from Walter Hore-Ruthven 1883-91

Series 2 Military career, 1859-87

The hopes of Lord and Lady Ruthven for a commercial career for their son were forestalled by his succumbing to malaria in India. This opened the way for the young Hore-Ruthven to follow his natural aspiration to enter the armed forces. He first enlisted in the militia as part of the 3rd Battalion Highland Light Infantry, but was soon drawn to the more exciting military theatre in the Sudan. There, as a member of the Egyptian Army under Kitchener, he was selected to command a detachment of the Slavery Department Camel Corps to Kassala. On 22 September 1898, during action of Gedaref, he saved the life of an Egyptian officer, for which he was awarded the Victoria Cross. Thereafter followed commissions as a Special Service Officer in the Somaliland operations between 1903 and 1904, and Military Secretary and Aide-de-Camp to Lord Dudley, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and his successor, Lord Aberdeen between 1905 and 1908. From 1908 to 1910 he was again Military Secretary to Dudley, as Governor-General of Australia, during which time he served on the staff of Kitchener during Australian defence investigations.

In 1912, at the request of Kitchener, Gowrie was appointed to the Quetta Staff College, West India. In 1914, when war was declared in Europe, he quickly joined British forces in France from where he was transferred to Gallipoli in May 1915. There he witnessed the Suvla Bay operations and attack on Lone Pine, before being severely wounded by shrapnel and returning to England. In 1916 after recuperation he was appointed Colonel of the 62nd Division, leading his troops on operations on the Somme and elsewhere in France until armistice was declared in 1918.

This series includes materials relating to the various aspects of Hore-Ruthven's military career, including a scrapbook of cuttings and photographs, together with some letters about his involvement in the Sudan War, and his brother Walter's participation in the Boer War. Other folders include commissions, military correspondence, a medical report and travel documents. Two folders contain reports received in Gowrie's capacity as Military Secretary to the Governor-General of Australia and orders and reports from World War I, 1917-19.

A copy of his observation report at Lone Pine is located in Series 15/Folder 2; letters written to his wife during his service on the Dardanelles are filed at Series 7.3.

Folder 1 Scrapbook, 1859, 1899-1902, documenting the involvement of Alexander Hore-Ruthven in the Sudan War, and Walter Hore-Ruthven in the Boer War 1859, 1899-1902
Folder 2 Letters and papers relating to the Sudan, 1898-1900, 1928, together with a 1987 letter from Malise Hore-Ruthven relating to his grandfather's association with a Captain Smyth
Folder 3 Correspondence and papers concerning award of Victoria Cross, 1899
Folder 4 Military papers and correspondence, 1903-24
Folder 5 Roneoed report 'Military forces, Commonwealth of Australia' by Alexander Hore-Ruthven; Memorandum on the defence of Australia by Field Marshal Viscount Kitchener
Folder 6-7 62nd Division operational orders, 1917, with map
Folder 8 Operational orders, 1918-19

Series 3 Governor of South Australia, 1927-35

Late in 1927, when commander of the 1st Guards Brigade, Aldershot, Gowrie received an unexpected summons to Downing Street. There Prime Minister Baldwin asked the astonished officer whether he could be recommended to the King for the position of Governor of South Australia, as successor to Sir Thomas Bridges. After consulting his wife and son Patrick, the five-year appointment was announced on 6 January 1928, and a knighthood created on 24 January. The newly dubbed Sir Alexander Hore-Ruthven and his wife arrived in Adelaide on 12 May 1928, on the eve of the Great Depression, leaving Patrick to continue his studies at Eton. Figuring in the disembarkation party was, the Honourable Hugh 'Puck' Grosvenor, a qualified pilot and Gowrie's Aide-de-Camp, with whom he flew on official duties to all areas of the State.

This series contains material largely recording the unofficial aspects of Gowrie's period of office. A popular governor, Gowrie's term was extended by one year to 1934, when an estimated crowd of 100,000 people bade him farewell. Within the series the papers are generally arranged chronologically, and include: arrangements and letters of congratulations on his appointment as Governor (from correspondents such as Sir Isaac Isaacs and Keith Officer); a volume of dispatches to and from the Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs, 1928-33 (one discussing the 'bodyline' cricket crisis); pocket appointment diaries, 1933-34; and printed souvenirs and pamphlets. Amongst the correspondence are letters from Lord Baden Powell requesting Hore-Ruthven's patronage of the scout movement (of which he became Chief Scout), items documenting Lady Hore-Ruthven's association with the Girl Guides, papers containing interesting information on administrative conditions in India, and a letter from Sir Philip Game, Governor of New South Wales, outlining his position in the constitutional crisis involving Premier Jack Lang.

Series 17 contains an album of speeches delivered during the period of Gowrie's governorship. Correspondence and papers relating to his appointment as Governor of New South Wales, received whilst still Governor of South Australia, are located in Series 4; papers and correspondence relating to the accidental death of 'Puck' Grosvenor are filed in Series 10.

Folder 1 Commission of appointment as Governor of South Australia, 1928, and, congratulatory cables
Folder 2 Pocket appointment diaries, 1933, 1934
Folder 3 Correspondence with Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs, 1927-34
Folder 4 Papers and correspondence, 1928
Folder 5 Correspondence, 1928-34, including letter relating to the New South Wales political crisis
Folder 6 Correspondence, 1929-34
Folder 7-8 Correspondence and papers, 1930-35, including papers relating to the Girl Guides
Folder 9 Speeches and correspondence, 1928-57
Folder 10 Despatches to Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs, 1928-33, including 'bodyline' cricket crisis
Folder 11 Miscellaneous printed items, 1929-34, including materials relating to: The Compatriot's Club, The Victoria League, Eton College, Sir Isaac Isaacs, Adelaide Peace Society, memorial service for Dame Nellie Melba, Anzac Day (1932), the Girl Guide Garden Festival (1934)

Series 4 Governor of New South Wales, 1934-37

After completing Sir Alexander's term as Governor of South Australia, the Hore-Ruthvens returned to England. They had not been home a year before he was gazetted as Governor of New South Wales on 14 December 1934, in succession to Sir Philip Game. Sir Alexander arrived in Sydney on 21 February 1935, with Lady Hore-Ruthven following on 23 March, having left Patrick to continue his studies at Cambridge. His governorship corresponded with a time of relative political calm in the State, but expectations for the fulfilment of his five-year term were cut short on 19 August 1935 with the announcement he would succeed Sir Isaac Isaacs as Governor-General of Australia in January 1936.

This series comprises papers relating to Hore-Ruthven's appointment and duties as Governor, such as letters of welcome, a Government House visitors' book, and copies of some outwards correspondence on concerns of the office. Of special interest are a number of items which document the 150th birthday celebrations of the State of New South Wales. There are also letters and cables of congratulation received on Hore-Ruthven's elevation to the peerage as Lord Gowrie of Canberra in Australia and Dirleton in East Lothian, on 22 November 1935. Also included are notifications and letters relating to his appointment as Governor-General of Australia in August 1935.

Folder 1 Notification and agreement of appointment as Governor of New South Wales
Folder 2 Personal and family congratulations received on appointment as Governor of New South Wales, 1934
Folder 3 Official correspondence, 1935, including New South Wales sesqui-centenary celebrations, arrangements for the arrival of Lord Gowrie
Folder 4 Illuminated address of welcome, 1935
Folder 5 Congratulations on appointment as Governor-General of Australia, 1935
Folder 6 Congratulations received on elevation to the peerage, 1935
Folder 7 Congratulations received on elevation to the peerage, 1935-37
Folder 8 Government House visitors' book, February 1935-January 1936

Series 5 Governor-General of Australia, 1928-48

On 22 January 1936, Gowrie assumed office as Governor-General, where he became immensely popular with the Australian public, and valued counsellor to Cabinet Ministers during World War II. His tenure coincided with a number of national international upheavals, such as the abdication of Edward VIII, outbreak of World War II and threat of Japanese invasion, and instabilities of the Menzies and Fadden governments. Gowrie became a close friend of John Curtin, in particular, and the Governor-General and Prime Minister conferred on frequent occasions. During this period Lady Gowrie was also appreciated for her extensive work for charity and the war effort. Australia's affection for the couple is evident in the letters they received when their only surviving child, Patrick, was killed in action in 1942, and on their departure from Australia on 10 September 1944. Gowrie was created an Earl on retirement from vice-regal duties, returning to England and the office of Deputy Constable and Lieutenant Governor of Windsor Castle.

The papers in this series have been arranged in four main groupings according to function or activity. The largest group, the sequence of general correspondence, contains material pertaining to the office of Governor-General, including copies of some outgoing letters. Joseph and Enid Lyons, John Curtin, Lord Baden Powell, Sir George Murray, S.M. Bruce, Stanley Baldwin, Sir John Latham, Sir Keith Officer, F.M. Forde, R.G. Menzies, Sir Ernest Clark, Sir Leslie Wilson and W.M. Hughes, amongst others, are represented in the correspondence. Folders 11, 13, 14, 16 and 18, which were borrowed by John Blanch for his biography Gowrie, VC, contain content listings at the beginning of each folder.

Also included are two folders of military communications, comprising secret cables on the progress of the War, and correspondence on war matters, such as copies of communications from General Douglas MacArthur. A sequence of farewells and good wishes received by the Gowries as they were preparing to leave Australia, form the next grouping, together with letters of congratulation on Lord Gowrie's Earldom. The series ends with a number of files of miscellaneous printed souvenirs and pamphlets which were collected by the Gowries during their term of office.

Folder 1-3 Congratulations on appointment as Governor-General of Australia, 1935
Folder 4 Congratulations on appointment as Governor-General of Australia, other letters and list of duties of Government House staff, 1935-37
Folder 5-7 Correspondence and papers, 1935-44
Folder 8 General correspondence, 1936
Folder 9 General correspondence and papers, 1936-37, including materials relating to migration, Imperial Conference, Mandated Pacific Territories, and correspondence with J.A. Lyons, Stanley Baldwin
Folder 10 General correspondence and papers, 1938-39, including visit to Netherlands East Indies, United Ireland, resignation of Menzies from Cabinet (1939), and correspondence with W.M. Hughes, J.A. Lyons, Eamon de Valera, Lord Baden Powell, Enid Lyons, Sir Edward Harding
Folder 11 Papers and correspondence, 1940, including letters from Maie Casey, record of interview with Arthur Fadden and John Curtin
Folder 12 General correspondence and papers, 1940-41, including R.G. Menzies, Lady Baden Powell
Folder 13 Papers and correspondence, 1941
Folder 14 Papers and correspondence, 1942
Folder 15 General correspondence and papers, 1942-43, including John Curtin, Keith Officer, Sir John Latham
Folder 16 Papers and correspondence, 1943, including notes on a meeting between,
Folder 17 General correspondence and papers, 1944, including John Curtin, S.M. Bruce
Folder 18 Papers and correspondence, 1944-45, including farewell speeches, letters from
Folder 19 Undated correspondence and papers, including appointment of Japanese envoy
Folder 20 Speeches and papers, c. 1936-45
Folder 21 Military communications, 1939-44
Folder 22 Military communications, 1940
Folder 23 Farewells and congratulations, 1944
Folder 24 Farewells and congratulations, 1944, including W.M. Hughes, Lloyd Dumas
Folder 25 Farewells and congratulations, 1944, including Earle Page, Frank Forde, John Curtin
Folder 26 List of farewell letters and telegrams acknowledged, c. 1944
Folder 27 Messages received on conferral of Earldom, 1944, including Sir Robert Garran
Folder 28 Printed souvenirs and pamphlets, 1937-44, including coronation of King
Folder 29 Printed souvenirs and pamphlets, 1937-44, including issues of The Masonic Club journal, dinner menu for 150th birthday celebrations of Australia
Folder 30 Miscellaneous printed items, including map of Australian tour (c. 1938), review of The happy warrior, 1st annual report of the Commandery of the Australian Commonwealth

Series 6 Deputy Constable and Lieutenant Governor of Windsor Castle, 1928-55

In 1945 the Earl of Gowrie, succeeded Lord Wigram as Deputy Constable and Lieutenant Governor of Windsor Castle. There he and Lady Gowrie resided in the Norman Tower in semi-retirement until 1953, attending to ceremonial and other aspects of Castle administration. The papers reflect both official Castle duties and Gowrie's varied personal interests, including many Australian contacts which he had developed over the course of his career.

Amongst the materials are engagement and pocket diaries for the years 1945-47, and a sequence of retrospective castle files inherited from Wigram, which include some interesting papers on arrangements made to protect the Royal Family during the war years. Also represented are some important files concerning castle administration, which include correspondence with the Lord Chamberlain and the Privy Purse Office. The death of King George VI in 1952 is also documented in Folder 20 with letters of condolence and copies of orders of memorial services.

The correspondence is varied, and comprises personal notes welcoming the Gowries back home to England, letters concerning a proposed biography, invitations to join the boards of companies, a controversial letter by Gowrie to the Times, and several items reflecting his interests in political and military matters. Winston Churchill, Lord Montgomery, General Douglas MacArthur, Ben Chifley, Daisy Bates, Bert Oldfield, the Queen Mother, Bishop E.H. Burgmann and Lloyd Rees are amongst the correspondents.

Gowrie's numerous associations with other institutions and organisations are also represented, such as the Order of the Garter, and the Empire Day Movement of which he was president. Folders 10 and 21 contain some correspondence, printed material and ephemera relating to Gowrie's involvement with the National Hunting Committee, and in horse racing in general. Papers regarding the Welsh Guards are located in Folder 23, including correspondence, speeches, ceremonial procedures, and some photographs documenting Gowrie's position as Colonel. Folder 22 contains some interesting papers on cricket, such as a letter to Lady Gowrie from Don Bradman, and a letter to Gowrie from Prince Phillip.

Please note: Folders 1, 11 and 15 subject to Royal Copyright and access restrictions and are therefore closed for 60 years from the date of creation.

Folder 1 Certificate of appointment as Deputy Constable and Lieutenant-Governor of Windsor Castle, 1945, and financial arrangements for his term of office. This folder is closed for 60 years from the date of creation.
Folder 2 Engagement diary, 1945; pocket appointment diaries, 1946, 1947
Folder 3 Retrospective file, 1928-40
Folder 4 Retrospective file, 1931-38
Folder 5 Retrospective file, 1936-37
Folder 6 Retrospective file, 1936-38
Folder 7 Retrospective file, 1937-39
Folder 8 Retrospective file, 1937-44
Folder 9 Retrospective file, 1937-45 (chiefly police reports)
Folder 10 Retrospective file, 1939-41
Folder 11 Correspondence and papers relating to Castle administration, 1940-53, including protection of the Royal Family during World War II. This folder is closed for 60 years from the date of creation.
Folder 12 Official papers relating to Castle defence, 1940-44
Folder 13 General correspondence, 1943-46
Folder 14 Correspondence and papers, 1944-52
Folder 15 Correspondence with the Lord Chamberlain and The Privy Purse, 1945-49. This folder is closed for 60 years from the date of creation.
Folder 16 General correspondence and papers, 1947-49, including Lloyd Dumas, E.H. Burgmann, Douglas MacArthur, a six-page letter and photograph from Daisy Bates, Victoria League, Empire Day Movement
Folder 17 General correspondence and papers, 1950-53, including journalist Gerald 'Paul' Cheyne, list of Christmas correspondents (1953)
Folder 18 Undated correspondence, including Winston Churchill, National Hunting Committee, together with defence machinery papers, 1947-48
Folder 19 Correspondence and papers relating to letter written by Gowrie to the editor of the Times, 1947
Folder 20 Death of King George VI, 1952
Folder 21 National Hunting Committee papers and correspondence, 1945-50
Folder 22 Cricket, 1948-50, including Don Bradman
Folder 23 Welsh Guards correspondence and papers, 1947-50
Folder 24 Order of the Garter, 1948-51
Folder 25-26 Miscellaneous printed pamphlets and souvenirs, 1938-53
Folder 27 Miscellaneous printed pamphlets and souvenirs, 1945-54
Folder 28 Miscellaneous printed pamphlets and souvenirs, 1945-55
Folder 29 Map of Windsor Castle and grounds, 1912 (with annotations, c. 1944)

Series 7 Family and personal correspondence, 1902-65

This series contains correspondence relating predominantly to unofficial concerns, which do not readily fall into the other series. Often, however, the distinction between business and personal correspondence is tenuous as many of the Gowrie's personal friends (and sometimes family members) were often involved in official matters, and Lady Gowrie's charity work was an integral part of her personal life. A list of nicknames used by family members when addressing one another is contained in Appendix 1.

The papers have been placed into the following subseries:

Subseries 7.1 Lord Gowrie to Lady Gowrie, c. 1907-45

Correspondence from Lord Gowrie to Lady Gowrie, from approximately the time of their engagement to his death in 1955. The material varies in format, and includes cables, personal letters and affectionate notes from Gowrie ('Sandy') to his wife ('Zara'). Many were penned during his long absences on military service, and give personal descriptions of the events at the front, such as his experiences at Gallipoli. The early years of their marriage are particularly well documented, and there are letters recording their wedding and voyage to Australia in 1908 and period at Quetta Staff College from 1911 to 1914. The folders sometimes include letters from relatives and associates, which the Gowrie's filed in situ with their own letters. The placement of these has not been disturbed in sorting.

Folder 1 Letters, c. 1907, including note from Lord Dudley
Folder 2-3 Letters from Ireland, c. 1907-8, including letter to Mrs Barry and from Sheela Pollok
Folder 4 Letters, 1908-10, including wedding and voyage to Australia
Folder 5 Letters, 1911-14, from Quetta, Simla and Ambala, India
Folder 6 Letters, 1914, from India, France
Folder 7 Letters, January-May 1915
Folder 8 Letters, June-August 1915, from Dardanelles, including General Sir William Birdwood, Fitzgerald and military messages
Folder 9 Letters, 1916, including Malise Hore-Ruthven
Folder 10-11 Undated letters, c. 1916, including letter to Patrick Hore-Ruthven
Folder 12 Letters, January-March 1917
Folder 13 Letters, April-June 1917
Folder 14 Letters, July-September 1917, including letters from Sheela Pollok, Malise Hore-Ruthven
Folder 15 Letters, October-December 1917, including letter to Lady De La Warr
Folder 16 Letters, January-March 1918, including letter from Patrick Hore-Ruthven
Folder 17 Letters, April-June 1918
Folder 18 Letters, July-September 1918
Folder 19 Letters, October-December 1918, together with a few others from Malise Hore-Ruthven, Bertie Faulkner
Folder 20 Letters, 1919, including Hugo Watson, Walter Hore-Ruthven
Folder 21 Letters, 1920-23, including Patrick Hore-Ruthven
Folder 22-23 Letters, 1930-31, including Patrick Hore-Ruthven
Folder 24 Letters, 1934-45
Folder 25 Letters, c. 1935-45 (mostly undated)
Folder 26 Letters, c. 1936-45

Subseries 7.2 Lady Gowrie to Lord Gowrie, 1907-c. 1935

Letters written by Lady Gowrie to her husband ('Sandy'), including some cables and notes, many of which are undated.

Folder 1 Letters, 1907-c. 1935
Folder 2 Undated letters

Subseries 7.3 Lady Gowrie correspondence, 1928-65

Family and personal correspondence of Lady Gowrie, together with letters relating to her extensive work for charity and the war effort. Of special interest in Folder 2 are two long letters by Daisy Bates, with accompanying photograph of Bates at Canberra Railway Station in 1933. Other correspondents include Sir Robert Garran, Dame Enid Lyons, Ben Chifley, Joan Hammond, George W. Waddell, Maie Casey, Sir Keith Hancock, May Gibbs, Lady Stonehaven, Ivy Brookes and Lord Slim. The chairs and secretaries of several charitable organisations are also represented, and there are letters exchanged with the Australian Red Cross and Lady Gowrie Child Centre (Perth).

Condolences received by Lady Gowrie on the death of her husband are filed in Series 12; a sequence of letters from Lady Stalbridge (mother of 'Puck' Grosvenor) forms part of Series 10.

Folder 1 Personal correspondence, 1929-45 (Australian and overseas correspondents)
Folder 2 Personal correspondence, 1931-49 (Australian correspondents), including two letters from Daisy Bates, together with a photograph of Bates at Canberra Railway Station (1933), R.G. Menzies, Sir George Murray, Elsie Curtin, Ivy Brookes
Folder 3 Personal correspondence, 1935-65 (Australian correspondents)
Folder 4 Personal correspondence, 1950-51 (Australian correspondents), including Maie Casey, Joan Hammond
Folder 5 Personal correspondence, 1952-65 (Australian correspondents), including Sir Robert Garran, May Gibbs, Lord Slim, Sir Keith Hancock, Sir Roy Dowling
Folder 6 Personal correspondence, 1928-64 (overseas correspondents), including Sir Keith Hancock
Folder 7 Personal correspondence, 1932-34 (overseas correspondents), including Josiah Wedgwood
Folder 8 Personal correspondence, 1943-53 (overseas correspondents)
Folder 9 Personal correspondence, 1941-44, including Enid Lyons, Paul Sorensen, General A.T. Anderson, John Beasley
Folder 10 Personal correspondence, 1945-47, including Ben Chifley, Sir Robert Garran
Folder 11 Personal correspondence, 1945-47, including Eugene Ormandy, Lady Dumas, Gladys Cumpston
Folder 12 Personal correspondence, 1948, including Maie Casey
Folder 13 Personal correspondence, 1949, including Lady Stonehaven
Folder 14 Personal correspondence, 1954, including Maie Casey, Sir Robert Garran
Folder 15 Personal correspondence, 1955, including Hope Hewitt, Ivy Brookes, Lady Lavarack, Maie Casey
Folder 16 Personal correspondence, 1956-65, including Lady Stonehaven, Lord Slim
Folder 17 Personal correspondence (undated), including Lady Grimwade, Lady McMaster, Emily Dutton
Folder 18 Personal correspondence (undated
Folder 19 Condolences received on the death of Lady Gowrie's mother, 1941
Folder 20 Official correspondence, 1934-55, including Anzac Fellowship of Women (London), Empire Day Movement
Folder 21 Correspondence with charitable organisations, 1945-52, including Lady Gowrie Child Centre (Perth), Australian Red Cross, Blankets for England Fund
Folder 22 Correspondence concerning entry of German refugees Mr and Mrs Hans Joachim Meyer to Egypt, 1937-39
Folder 23 Congratulations received by Lady Gowrie on Lord Gowrie's elevation to the Earldom, 1944, including Ivy Brookes
Folder 24 Letter from A.S. Le Souef regarding his Modern view of evolution, together with two signed copies; souvenir of dedication of St Paul's Church, Canberra, 1956

Subseries 7.4 Other personal correspondence of Lord and Lady Gowrie, 1902-55

This subseries contains correspondence predominantly to and from non-family members, though the Gowries did keep some family letters scattered through the files. There are some letters recording Lord Gowrie's early military service, whilst others are from prominent persons such as Sir Ernest Clark, William Slim and Sir Philip Game. Also filed here is a folder of letters seemingly unconnected to the Gowries, which were presumably forwarded to the vice-regal couple by their correspondents, or were acquired from some other sources because of their interesting contents. One letter, for example, is addressed to Lord Wakehurst by Hugh Frewen, a regular Gowrie correspondent and cousin of Sir Winston Churchill.

General cables received by the Gowries in the period 1907 to 1945 are filed in Series 9; condolences received on the death of Patrick Hore-Ruthven form part of Series 11, and 'Puck' Grosvenor of Series 10. Letters to the Gowries from Lady Cooper and Lord Ranfurly are located in Series 7.11.

Folder 1 Personal correspondence, 1902-28, including letter relating to the National Hunt Committee
Folder 2 Personal correspondence, 1908-18
Folder 3 Personal correspondence, c. 1928-55
Folder 4 Personal correspondence, 1934-39, including some family letters
Folder 5 Personal correspondence, 1940-49, including Sir Ernest Clark, some family letters
Folder 6 Personal correspondence, 1951-55, including Lord Slim, Sir Philip Game, some family letters
Folder 7 Correspondence, 1935-55, including Hugh Frewen, Julian Ashton Art School, Tubercular Soldiers Aid Society

Subseries 7.5 Correspondence of Patrick Hore-Ruthven, c. 1921-42

The Gowrie's only surviving son, Patrick, was born in Quetta, India on 31 August 1913. He was educated at Eton and Magdalene College, Cambridge before marrying Pamela Fletcher in 1939. This series comprises letters of Patrick, to and from his parents, his wife and other associates, beginning with childhood correspondence written whilst a boarder at Hawtrey's School in 1921. The letters continue from Eton, which he attended between 1926 and 1931, whilst Gowrie was Governor of South Australia. Of particular interest is correspondence received by the Gowries whilst Patrick was on active service, including a copy of his last letter to his parents in December 1942.

A small number of additional letters by Patrick are scattered in the various family correspondence series. Papers and correspondence relating to Patrick's death and the posthumous publication his poetry and letters are contained in Series 11; a statement relating to his hospitalisation in Misurata, Libya is filed in Series 7.6; a folder of press cuttings documenting aspects of his life are located in Series 20. Correspondence between Patrick and Pamela Hore-Ruthven and the Countess of Ranfurley is filed in Series 7.11.

Folder 1-2 Letters to parents, c. 1921-42, together with baptism certificate, lock of hair, army discharge documents and associated papers
Folder 3-4 Letters to and from parents and others, 1927-42
Folder 5 Letters from parents, 1932-42

Subseries 7.6 Correspondence of Pamela Hore-Ruthven, 1931-64

Patrick Hore-Ruthven married Pamela Fletcher, daughter of the Reverend Fletcher at Westminster Abbey on 5 January 1939. The couple spent their honeymoon in Australia. The couple had two sons, Alexander Patrick Greysteil ('Grey') in 1939, and Malise Maitland ('Skimper') two years later. Patrick was on active service for most of their short marriage, and never met either of his sons before his premature death. This subseries contains letters and cables to Pamela Hore-Ruthven, many received during her husband's long absences, from her mother and father-in-law, her own family and other friends and associates. In 1952 she remarried, becoming Mrs Derek Cooper.

Correspondence between Patrick and Pamela Hore-Ruthven and the Countess of Ranfurly is filed in Series 7.11; condolences received by Pamela Cooper on the death of her mother-in-law, Lady Gowrie, are filed in Series 13.

Folder 1 Cables, 1931-44
Folder 2-4 Correspondence, 1935-43
Folder 5 Correspondence, 1938-44
Folder 6 Correspondence, 1939-43, including statement relating to death of Patrick Hore-Ruthven, Italian Hospital, Misurata, Libya
Folder 7 Correspondence, 1943
Folder 8 Correspondence, 1943-64

Subseries 7.7 Correspondence of Malise and Angela Hore-Ruthven, 1908-40

Letters to and from Malise and Angela Hore-Ruthven, brother and sister-in-law of Lord Gowrie. Filed amongst the correspondence is a typescript copy of an letter describing the marriage of Walter Hore to the Honourable Mary Ruthven, founders of the Hore-Ruthven family in 1806.

Folder 1 Correspondence, 1908-40, including typescript copy of letter relating to the foundation of the Hore-Ruthven family (1806)
Folder 2 Correspondence, c. 1916-39 (some undated)

Subseries 7.8 Pollok family correspondence, c. 1880-43

Letters to and from Lady Gowrie's brothers Robert and Allan Pollok, including some family photographs.

Folder 1 Robert and Bettina Pollok correspondence, 1904-43, including family photograph of mother and baby on horse (c. 1880), letter to Allan Pollok
Folder 2 Allan Pollok correspondence, c. 1903-43, including photographs of Zulu girl, dug-out at Loisne

Subseries 7.9 Correspondence of Fleischmann and Blacker families, 1835-1950

Letters to and from Ruby and Louis Fleischmann and Sheela and Freddie Blacker, sisters of Lady Gowrie and their husbands. The three sisters maintained a close relationship and a partial record of their correspondence is preserved in this subseries.

Other letters by Ruby and Sheela are dispersed through the other correspondence series, especially Series 7.12.

Folder 1 Blacker correspondence and associated papers, 1835-1950
Folder 2 Fleischmann correspondence, 1930-32
Folder 3 Fleischmann correspondence, 1932-38
Folder 4 Fleischmann correspondence, c. 1938-39, including letter from 'Zara' (1884)

Subseries 7.10 Correspondence of Mrs Barry, 1917-39

Lady Gowrie retained this file of letters from her mother, Mrs James Barry, written in the period 1917-39 when her daughter was often abroad. An additional letter to Mrs Barry from daughter Sheela is contained in Series 7.1; condolences received on Mrs Barry's death are filed in Series 7.3.

Folder 1 Correspondence, 1917-39

Subseries 7.11 Correspondence of Lady Cooper, and the Lord and Countess of Ranfurley , 1928-45

Whilst at Eton, Patrick Hore-Ruthven became close friends with the young Lord Ranfurly (Dan). His mother Lady Cooper (Harriet) began a correspondence with Lady Gowrie in Australia, periodically reporting on the health and activities of their sons. The boys' friendship continued into adulthood, and there are a number of letters addressed to Patrick and Pamela Hore-Ruthven from Dan's wife, the Countess of Ranfurly (Hermione). Some of these were written in Egypt where the Ranfurlys were stationed during World War II, giving news of Patrick's movements in the Middle East.

Folder 1 Lady Cooper to Lord and Lady Gowrie, 1928-39; Lord Ranfurly to Lord and Lady Gowrie, 1935-39; Countess of Ranfurly to Patrick and Pamela Hore- Ruthven, 1942-45

Subseries 7.12 Other family correspondence, 1899-1943

This subseries contains files of general correspondence, mostly between family members. Lady Gowrie's sisters Sheela and Ruby are amongst the correspondents, together with their first cousins Lilian, Violet and Iris Brassey. A few non-family letters have been left undisturbed in the folders where they were filed by the Gowries.

Folder 1 Family correspondence, 1896-1921
Folder 2 Family correspondence, 1899-1939
Folder 3-4 Family correspondence, 1900-37, including Sheela Pollok, Lilian, Violet and Iris Brassey
Folder 5-6 Family correspondence, c. 1908-43
Folder 7-8 Family correspondence, 1929-43, including Ruby Fleischmann, letters relating to the death of Patrick Hore-Ruthven
Folder 9-10 Family and non-family correspondence, 1915-63, including letters from Lord Slim, R.G. Menzies

Series 8 Correspondence with the Royal Household, 1928-58

This series contains formal and informal communications with the Monarch, the Royal Family and the Royal Family's personal staff, during Gowrie's long period of service to the Crown. Together the folders span the reigns of King George V, King Edward VIII, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth II. In some cases Gowrie corresponded directly with the Monarch, but more usually, contact was directed through the successive private secretaries Lord Stamfordham (1901-31), Lord Wigram (1931-36) and Sir Alexander Hardinge (1936-43). Other representatives of the Crown whose letters appear in the folders are Sir Edward Harding, Sir Alan Lascelles, Sir Frederick Ponsonby, Lord Passfield, and Godfrey Thomas, Private Secretary to the Duke of Gloucester.

Gowrie's letters principally take the form of periodic reports, describing tours undertaken and current events, as well as reporting issues of political, economic and social importance. Accordingly, the series includes substantial correspondence of a political nature, and incorporates several letters from political leaders, such as Prime Ministers Curtin and Lyons, directly relevant to the accompanying Royal Correspondence. Other topics covered include the succession of office by the Duke of Kent; confidential notes of interview with Sir Robert Garran relating to the political crisis created by the death of Joseph Lyons in 1939; and arrangements for the importation of birds for the Royal aviary.

Please note: Folder 17 is subject to Royal Copyright and access restrictions and is therefore closed for 60 years from the date of creation.

Folder 1-2 Correspondence with the King and his Private-Secretary, 1936-39
Folder 3 Correspondence with the Private Secretary to the King, 1936-38
Folder 4 Correspondence with the Private Secretary to the King, 1939-41
Folder 5 Correspondence with the Private Secretary to the King, 1942-43, together with undated notes and cable from General Douglas MacArthur
Folder 6 Correspondence with the Private Secretary to the King, 1928-30
Folder 7 Correspondence with the Private Secretary to the King, 1931-32
Folder 8 Correspondence with the Private Secretary to the King, 1933-35
Folder 9 Correspondence with the Private Secretary to the King, 1936-46.
Folder 10 Letters by Lord Gowrie to the Private Secretary to the King, 1928-35
Folder 11 Correspondence relating to Lord Beauchamp, 1931-35, including letter from Sir Isaac Isaacs
Folder 12 Correspondence relating to conferral of Earldom, 1938-44
Folder 13 Correspondence relating to appointment of the Duke of Kent as Governor-General of Australia, 1938-39
Folder 14 Correspondence relating to possible appointment of the Duke of Kent as Governor-General of Australia, 1939-42, including letter from R.G. Menzies and draft vice-regal timetable (1940)
Folder 15 Correspondence relating to appointment of the Duke of Gloucester as Governor-General of Australia, 1944, together with letter from John Curtin
Folder 16 Private correspondence with assistants to the King, 1928-43
Folder 17 Private and other correspondence with the Royal Household, 1947-58, including certificate of appointment to the Privy Council (1938). This folder is closed for 60 years from the date of creation.

Series 9 Cables, 1907-45

A short series comprising three folders of general cables received by the Gowries in the period 1907-45.

Cables of condolence on the deaths of Patrick-Hore Ruthven and Lord Gowrie are filed in Series 11 and 12, respectively; secret cables relating to the progress of World War II are located in Series 6. Other cables of a congratulatory and personal nature are filed with the aspect of Gowrie's life to which they relate in Series 3, 4 and 7.

Folder 1-3 Cables, 1907-45

Series 10 Correspondence and papers relating to the death of Hugh 'Puck' Grosvenor, c. 1914-39

In 1930, Hore-Ruthven's Aide-de-Camp, 'Puck' Grosvenor, planned a flight to England via South Africa in a seaplane. Although an experienced and skilled airman, he and his co-pilot were killed in a freak accident on their first practice flight over Port Phillip Bay, Victoria. The Hore-Ruthvens felt his loss keenly.

Items in this series include planning documentation and arrangements for the proposed flight and fittings specifications for the aircraft, as well as obituaries and memorial services following the incident. After Grosvenor's death, a regular correspondence continued between his mother, Lady Stalbridge, and the Hore-Ruthvens which is recorded in Folders 2-6.

Gowrie's typescript recollections of Grosvenor are from part of his draft autobiography in Series 15.

Folder 1 Papers and correspondence, 1929-30, including obituaries, order of memorial service, letters relating to proposed flight from Cape Town to England (including maps), installation specifications for parts such as Cirrhus 'Hermes' aero engine
Folder 2 Correspondence with Lady Stalbridge, c. 1929-39
Folder 3-4 Correspondence with Lady Stalbridge, 1914?, 1930-31, together with small number of letters and poems by others, baby photographs of Hugh Grosvenor?
Folder 5-6 Correspondence with Lady Stalbridge, c. 1933-36,

Series 11 Correspondence and papers relating to the death of Patrick Hore- Ruthven, 1942

In 1933, after graduating from Cambridge, Patrick-Hore Ruthven joined the Rifle Brigade and served in the Middle East. On 20 December 1942 he was severely wounded whilst on a paratroop commando in the Western Desert, and died four days later in the Misurata Italian Hospital, Libya. Although reports of his wounding had filtered through, news of his death did not reach the Gowries at Government House, Yarralumla until February 1943. He was survived by his wife, and two young sons whom he had never met due to the intervention of World War II.

This series contains correspondence arising from the Patrick's death, including cables and dispatches establishing his fate, letters of condolence and copies of replies. Then follows a sequence of papers relating to the posthumous editions of his poems, which he had begun writing as a child (published as The happy warrior. Sydney : Angus and Robertson, 1943) and letters (published as Joy of youth. London : Peter Davies, 1950).

A review of The happy warrior is filed at Series 5/Folder 29; correspondence of Patrick is contained in subseries 7.5; a photograph of the Patrick Hore-Ruthven memorial fountain at Government House, Canberra can be found in Series 19; press cuttings documenting aspects of his life and death are located in Series 20.

Folder 1 Letters of condolence, 1943: A
Folder 2 Letters of condolence, 1943: B
Folder 3 Letters of condolence, 1943: C
Folder 4 Letters of condolence, 1943: D
Folder 5 Letters of condolence, 1943: E-F
Folder 6 Letters of condolence, 1943: G
Folder 7 Letters of condolence, 1943: H-I
Folder 8 Letters of condolence, 1943: J-K
Folder 9 Letters of condolence, 1943: L
Folder 10 Letters of condolence, 1943: M, including Walter Murdoch
Folder 11 Letters of condolence, 1943: N-O
Folder 12 Letters of condolence, 1943: P-R
Folder 13 Letters of condolence, 1943: S-T
Folder 14 Letters of condolence, 1943: V-Z
Folder 15 Condolences from General Douglas MacArthur, 1943
Folder 16-18 Cables and telegrams received on death of Patrick Hore-Ruthven, 1943
Folder 19 Telegrams received on death of Patrick Hore-Ruthven, 1943, including some replies and report by General Bernard Freyburg on circumstances of his death
Folder 20 Typed duplicates of cables, correspondence and accounts of the life and death of Patrick Hore-Ruthven, 1942-44, including notes by fellow officers
Folder 21 Correspondence, cables and accounts of the life and death of Patrick Hore- Ruthven, 1942-44, including papers relating to the Gowrie Scholarship Fund
Folder 22 Telegrams and correspondence relating to the death of Patrick Hore-Ruthven, 1943-44
Folder 23 Correspondence arising from the death of Patrick Hore-Ruthven, 1943-44
Folder 24 List of flowers received, private letters and telegrams acknowledged, organisational letters and telegrams acknowledged
Folder 25 Correspondence and papers relating to death of Patrick Hore-Ruthven, Gowrie Scholarships, 1940-47
Folder 26 Draft play 'A post-war principality' by Patrick Hore-Ruthven
Folder 27 Papers relating to the publication of verse by Patrick Hore-Ruthven, including draft poems, c. 1938-47
Folder 28-29 Papers relating to The happy warrior, 1932-43, including draft poetry
Folder 30 Typescript manuscript of Joy of youth

Series 12 Correspondence and papers relating to the death of Lord Gowrie, 1955-60

After a long period of declining health, Lord Gowrie died in Gloucestershire on 2 May 1955, survived by his wife and two grandsons. Papers in this series comprise alphabetically arranged letters and cables of condolence received by Lady Gowrie, together with a record of memorial arrangements and tributes to her husband. Also filed here is documentation for the design of Lord Gowrie's tomb and a memorial window, and papers detailing the family coat of arms and conferral of the Gowrie title.

Folder 1 Letters of condolence, 1955: A-B, including Ivy Brookes
Folder 2 Letters of condolence, 1955: C-D, including Maie Casey, Ninette and Peggy Dutton
Folder 3 Letters of condolence, 1955: E-Ha
Folder 4 Letters of condolence, 1955: He-L
Folder 5 Letters of condolence, 1955: M-R
Folder 6 Letters of condolence, 1955: S-Y, including Lady Stonehaven
Folder 7 Letters of condolence, 1955: unidentified
Folder 8 Letters of condolence, 1955: A-E (UK addresses)
Folder 9 Letters of condolence, 1955: F-L (UK addresses)
Folder 10 Letters of condolence, 1955: M-Y (UK addresses)
Folder 11-12 Letters of condolence, 1955: unidentified surnames (UK addresses, in date order)
Folder 13-14 Cables of condolence, 1955
Folder 15 Memorial arrangements, 1955-60
Folder 16 Condolences, tributes, orders of memorial services, 1955

Series 13 Correspondence and papers relating to the death of Lady Gowrie, 1965

A single folder of condolences received on the death of Lady Gowrie on 19 July 1965 are preserved in this series. Most letters are addressed to her daughter- in-law, the former Pamela Hore-Ruthven, who had remarried in 1952 becoming Mrs Derek Cooper.

Folder 1 Condolences received on the death of Lady Gowrie, 1965

Series 14 Honours, 1916-51

This series contains official documents conferring honours and offices on Lord Gowrie, together with related correspondence. Amongst the varied documentation are certificates awarding honorary degrees, a Masonic document appointing Gowrie the New South Wales representative of the United Grand Lodge of England, and associated documents such as 'The Oath of a Privy Counsellor' and a financial breakdown for the 'Creation of a Barony'.

Commissions and proclamations of appointments of Gowrie to positions of public office are filed in the appropriate series.

Folder 1 Honours, 1916-44, including Distinguished Service Order, Knight Cross Grand Order of St Michael and St George
Folder 2 Masonic document appointing Gowrie as New South Wales representative of the United Grand Lodge of England
Folder 3 Honours, 1945-51

Series 15 Genealogical and biographical papers, 1864-1987

A series of files containing genealogical, autobiographical and biographical information and writings about Gowrie and his family. Folders 1-3 contain some family history papers including printed notes concerning De Burgh Fitzpatrick Persse (1840-1921), an ancestor of Lady Gowrie, materials regarding the Gowrie baronetcy, and other items about the Ruthven family name researched by the vice-regal couple. There are also some letters about the so-called 'Gowrie conspiracy', which discuss the mysterious death on 5 August 1600 of the third Earl of Gowrie and his younger brother.

At the prompting of publisher Peter Davies, on his return to England Gowrie set about recording his life in an autobiography. The London manager of the Melbourne Herald John Blanch was contracted to assist as ghost writer in 1950. The manuscript was partially completed on the latter's return to Australia in 1953, but remained untouched for thirty years when Blanch, by this time blind from diabetes, again took up the project with the assistance of Shona McDowall. The resultant biography was posthumously published as Gowrie, VC by Blanch's wife Barbara in 1998. Folders 4-15 comprise successive versions of the original autobiographical manuscript, whilst Folders 17-25 contain the typed and edited stages of the reworked biography Gowrie, VC.

Folder 16 incorporates other papers used by Blanch in the course of his research, including copies of letters by John Curtin, and correspondence with Curtin's daughter, Elsie Macleod dated 1986-87.

Folder 1 Genealogical and biographical papers, 1864-1955
Folder 2 Genealogical and biographical papers, 1916-49, including statement of observations at Gallipoli and Suvla, correspondence relating to proposed autobiography
Folder 3 Family history papers, c. 1941-72
Folder 4 Draft autobiography: typescript dedication and [p. 1]
Folder 5 Draft autobiography: [Chapters I and II]
Folder 6 Draft autobiography
Folder 7-8 Typescript autobiography
Folder 9 Autobiographical typescript; recollections of Hugh 'Puck' Grosvenor
Folder 10 Bound typescript autobiography
Folder 11 Typescript autobiography: Chapters 1-3
Folder 12 Typescript autobiography: Chapters 4-8
Folder 13 Typescript autobiography: Chapters 9-12
Folder 14 Typescript autobiography: Chapters 13-16
Folder 15 Typescript autobiography: Chapters 17-19
Folder 16 Copies of letters by John Curtin to Gowrie, 1944-45, together with correspondence between John Blanch and Elsie Macleod, 1986-87; autobiographical and other notes by Gowrie for Blanch biography, 1939-52, including aerial photograph of Yarralumla (1945)
Folder 17 Gowrie, VC, rewritten by John Blanch and Shona McDowall. Typescript manuscript: Chapters 1-2
Folder 18 Gowrie, VC,Typescript manuscript: Chapters 3-6
Folder 19 Gowrie, VC, Typescript manuscript: Chapters 7-10
Folder 20 Gowrie, VC, Typescript manuscript: Chapters 11-14
Folder 21 Gowrie, VC, Typescript manuscript: Chapters 15-19
Folder 22 Gowrie, VC, Typescript edited by Don Gibb: Chapters 1-4
Folder 23 Gowrie, VC,Typescript edited by Don Gibb: Chapters 5-8
Folder 24 Gowrie, VC,Typescript edited by Don Gibb: Chapters 9-12
Folder 25 Gowrie, VC,Typescript edited by Don Gibb: Chapters 13-17

Series 16 Legal, business and financial papers, 1901-62

This series contains material relating to some of the legal, business and financial aspects of the Gowries' personal and official lives. The varied documentation includes: Lloyds Bank correspondence and statements; financial arrangements for official appointments; passports; life insurance of Patrick Hore-Ruthven; the wills of Lord and Lady Gowrie; a file relating to the financial and legal obligations of the Gowries to the bankruptcy of the leading Adelaide stockbroking firm H.W. Hodgetts and Co.; Bedford Jeffries Osborne's settlement regarding Patrick Hore-Ruthven's sons; correspondence and accounts pertaining to the rental of Gowrie's property; insurance papers, general accounts, and assorted ledgers; records of the estates of Lady Gowrie's father, James Barry and Lady De La Warr.

Folder 1 Legal, business, financial papers, 1901-62, including wills of Lord and Lady Gowrie
Folder 2 Legal papers, 1938-56, including passports, settlements for sons of Patrick Hore-Ruthven
Folder 3 Legal papers relating to the Hodgett's bankruptcy, 1945
Folder 4 Newspaper clippings relating to Hodgetts bankruptcy case, 1945
Folder 5 Insurance papers, 1931-48
Folder 6 Insurance papers, 1943-48
Folder 7 Financial papers, 1928-51
Folder 8 Financial papers, 1938-48, including James Ashton, Broken Hill Proprietary Company
Folder 9 Lloyd's Bank statements, 1936-39
Folder 10 Lloyd's Bank statements, 1939-44
Folder 11 Lloyd's Bank statements, 1946-48
Folder 12 Lee and Pembertons' correspondence and documentation, 1938-48
Folder 13 Canberra accounts, 1942-44
Folder 14 Taxation records, 1942-52
Folder 15 Dalgety and Co. Limited papers relating to the Board of Directors, 1942-44
Folder 16 Investments, director's fees, 1943-49
Folder 17 Accounts paid in, 1945-51
Folder 18 Papers relating to the estate of Major James Barry, 1936-45
Folder 19 Papers relating to the estate of Lady De La Warr, 1948-51

Series 17 Speeches and broadcasts, c. 1923-51

As part of their official duties Lord and Lady Gowrie made many speeches (an estimated average of one per day whilst they were in Australia), as well as regular national broadcasts. Some of the typescripts of these are preserved in this series (proportionally more by Lady Gowrie than her husband, as Lord Gowrie spoke from typed notes rather than full transcripts, especially later in his career).

Lord Gowrie's speeches include a volume of indexed orations, delivered whilst Governor of South Australia between 1928 and 1934, and his maiden speech in the House of Lords. Within the folders, speeches marked with a cross appear to have been rejected, or substantially reworked.

Another sequence of files contains a large number of drafts of Lady Gowrie's speeches and final typescripts, arranged according to her own subject divisions. Interfiled with these items are drafts and typescripts for prefaces to publications, some correspondence relating to her speeches and broadcasts, as well as copies of speeches by other individuals.

The series ends with some miscellaneous files, including the text of Gowrie's final broadcast to the people of Australia. Folders 28-29 contain speeches by other individuals which appear to have been collected for their inherent interest, or as an aid to their own speech making activities. Speeches by R.G. Menzies, Canon W.J. Edwards, Sir Ernest Fisk and Lady Wakehurst are included.

Farewell speeches given by Gowrie upon relinquishment of the office of Governor-General are filed in Series 5; some general speeches delivered as Deputy Constable and Lieutenant-Governor of Windsor Castle are contained in Series 6.

Folder 1 Speech by Lord Gowrie, c. 1923, relating to Sudan campaign; speech by General Smuts to British Parliament, 1942
Folder 2 Governor of South Australia speech album, 1928-34, including east-west air route
Folder 3 Speeches and broadcasts Lord Gowrie, c. 1928-44, including speech assuming governorship
Folder 4 Speeches and broadcasts Lord Gowrie, 1932-41
Folder 5 Speeches and broadcasts Lord Gowrie, 1932-44
Folder 6 Speeches by Lord and Lady Gowrie and others, 1936-43
Folder 7 Speeches and broadcasts by Lord Gowrie on Papua and New Guinea, c. 1937
Folder 8 Speeches and broadcasts by Lord Gowrie, 1938-44
Folder 9 Speeches in Australia and England by Lord Gowrie, c. 1938-45, including Gowrie's first speech in House of Lords, rejected speeches
Folder 10 Speech drafts and notes by Lord Gowrie, including Julian Ashton Art School
Folder 11-12 Undated and draft speeches by Lord Gowrie, some c. 1939-44
Folder 13 Speeches Miscellaneous speeches by Lady Gowrie, 1940-44: A-H
Folder 14 Miscellaneous speeches by Lady Gowrie, 1938-44: L-Z
Folder 15 Undated notes, speeches and drafts by Lady Gowrie relating to Country Women's Association , National Council of Women and other women's organisations:
Folder 16 Speeches, drafts and notes concerning Girl Guides movement by Lady Gowrie
Folder 17 Kindergartens by Lady Gowrie, 1940-44
Folder 18 Speeches, drafts, notes by Lady Gowrie regarding the League of Nations, war and peace (mostly undated)
Folder 19 Australian Red Cross by Lady Gowrie, 1940-44
Folder 20 Australian Red Cross, c. 1935-42, including notes and speeches and some correspondence by Lady Gowrie
Folder 21 Speeches, notes relating to schools (mostly undated) by Lady Gowrie
Folder 22 Speeches, drafts relating to servicewomen (mostly undated) by Lady Gowrie
Folder 23 Women's services, 1940-44 by Lady Gowrie
Folder 24 YWCA, 1940-44 by Lady Gowrie
Folder 25 Quotations, together with typed tribute to Sir Hubert Murray from native chiefs,by Lady Gowrie, Port Moresby, 1937
Folder 26 26 Poems, phrases, quotations by Lady Gowrie
Folder 27 Miscellaneous 'Appeals and speeches', 1932-44
Folder 28 MiscellaneousSpeeches, drafts, including final broadcast to the people of Australia,
Folder 29 Miscellaneous speeches, quotations
Folder 30 Miscellaneous Speeches by others, 1939-43, including Canon W.J. Edwards, Sir Ernest Fisk, Lady Wakehurst, R.G. Menzies
Folder 31 Miscellaneous Speeches by others, c. 1943-51, together with Gowrie's farewell speech to Parliament, 1944

Series 18 Collected poetry, verse and essays, c. 1930-54, c. 1930-54

A series comprising printed and draft prose and poetry, collected by the Gowries over the course of their careers. Featuring amongst the varied essay titles are the typescripts: 'Anzac operations' by the young Hore-Ruthven; a lengthy account entitled 'Experiences of an Australian nurse' by Edith White; 'An episode in the life of Lord Kitchener', an obituary 'The Bartons of Wallerawang', typed and annotated by Lord Gowrie;'Advance from Mons with apologies to the famous retreat of 1914' by Jim Lewis; and an annotated draft by J. Elliot Monfries 'Not test cricket'.

The verse and poetry in this series are also varied, some is in the Gowrie's handwriting, and it is often unclear whether they are the authors of the poems, or merely copiers. The verse is both serious and humorous (including some obvious parodies), typed, handwritten and sometime printed, often unsigned and originally retained in multiple copies. Much of this material appears to have been sent to the Gowries by friends who were aware of their appreciation of poetry.

Folder 1 Typescripts: 'Anzac operations' [account by Alexander Hore-Ruthven]; 'Nine prime ministers' by Sir James Barrie, 1930; 'Experiences of an Australian nurse' by Edith White, c. 1950
Folder 2 Typescripts: 'Not test cricket' by J. Elliott Monfries, 1949; 'An episode in the life of Lord Kitchener' [by Alexander Hore-Ruthven?]
Folder 3 Typescripts: 'Advance from Mons' by Jim Lewis; 'Ishbel and Helmuth's wedding', 1954; 'The Bartons of Wallerawang'; obituary for E.R. (Dickie) Wintour, former Aide-de-Camp of Lord Gowrie
Folder 4 Handwritten, typescript and printed verse, c. 1932-43
Folder 5 Typescript, handwritten and printed verse, including poems by T.W. White, Jessie Street; cartoons by Louis Wain

Series 19 Photographs, c. 1890-1956

The majority of images in this series are contained in photographic and special presentation albums, often associated with an official visit or event.

Folders 1-3 contain loose photographs, many of which are identified, which depict Gowrie's service in the Sudan, family portraits, and the departure of Sir Alexander and Lady Hore-Ruthven from Adelaide.

Other photographs relating to Lady Gowrie's family are filed in Series 7.8; a photograph of Daisy Bates at Canberra Railway Station in 1933 is located in Series 7.3.

Folder 1 Photographs, c. 1890-1945, including Sudan and family portraits
Folder 2 Photographs, c. 1890-1946, including Sudan, Malta, family portraits, Patrick Hore-Ruthven memorial fountain
Folder 3 Photographs, c. 1920-45, including departure of Hore-Ruthvens from Adelaide, garden at Anlaby, Kapunda, South Australia, pencil portraits of family by Wrede?
Folder 4 Half-tone printing plate for an official portrait of Lord Gowrie, c. 1945
Folder 5 Garden at Benwell, Brougham Place, North Adelaide, c. 1930 (album)
Folder 6 Second United Lone Girl Guide camp, Poltallock, South Australia, 1930 (album)
Folder 7 Visit to Port Augusta, c. 1930 (album)
Folder 8 Visit to Fisherman's Bend General Motors Holden Factory, 1 November 1937 (album)
Folder 9 Souvenir of Lord Gowrie's visit to Bulolo, New Guinea, 10-13 August 1937 (album)
Folder 10 Souvenir of scenes of Sydney and New South Wales, 1938 (album)
Folder 11 Sydney Day Nurseries and Nursery Schools, 1939 (album)
Folder 12 Visit to Bundaberg and Queensland, c. 1940 (album)
Folder 13 Souvenir album visit to Thailand, c. 1940 (album)
Folder 14 Flying Doctor Service of Australia (New South Wales Section), 1944 (album)
Folder 15 Girl Guides Association of New South Wales presentation album, 1944 (album)
Folder 16 Lady Gowrie Child Centre, Victoria Park, Western Australia, c. 1950 (album)
Folder 17 Lady Gowrie Child Centre, Perth, 1950-52 (album)
Folder 18 Photograph album and scrapbook of the Governor-General of Australia Lord Dudley and the Countess of Dudley, 1908-9 (compiled whilst Hore-Ruthven was Dudley's Military Secretary). Photographs include a re-enactment of the first landing at Farm Cove, Sydney, 8 September 1908; Lord and Lady Northcote; Deakin and Fisher ministries; Caulfield and Melbourne Cup races; autographed copy of words and music of 'God guide Australia' (words by Annie Rentoul); Marble Hill; souvenir program (with illuminated address) of Lilydale concert by Dame Nellie Melba, 1909; various other official visits by Lord Dudley as Governor-General, including to Auldana Vineyard, Adelaide.
Folder 19 Souvenir album views of Canberra, c. 1935 (folio)
Folder 20 Presentation album New South Wales Golf Club, La Perouse, c. 1936 (folio)
Folder 21 Souvenir album official visit to Netherlands Indies, 1938 (folio)
Folder 22 Souvenir album official visit to Netherlands Indies, 1938, together with portrait
Folder 23 Visits by Lord Gowrie to military establishments in Australia and by Eleanor Roosevelt, 1942-43; tour of Papua and New Guinea, 1938 (folio)
Folder 24 Visit to Forward Areas (Torres Strait and New Guinea), Southwest Pacific Area, 1943 (folio)
Folder 25 Souvenir album AAMWS, NSW, 1944 (folio)
Folder 26 Souvenir album Government House, Yarralumla, c. 1945, including view of Canberra from Red Hill (folio)
Folder 27 Portrait photograph of Lord Gowrie, c. 1950 (folio)

Series 20 Newspaper cuttings, 1908-57

The Gowries were extensive collectors of press cuttings, relating variously to the social and official aspects of their office, their unofficial activities, and their political, personal and international interests. For many years Lord Gowrie subscribed to a clippings service to help maintain his collection. A long sequence of loose clippings, which include coverage of the careers of Lady Gowrie and Patrick Hore-Ruthven, is followed by several albums which document the major aspects of Gowrie's vice-regal service. Some of the nine volumes are indexed by Lady Gowrie, others are numbered, and several contain occasional correspondence or photographs.

vOther clippings documenting aspects of Gowrie's military service and command of the Welsh Guards form part of Series 2 and 5.

Folder 1 Press cuttings, 1908-43, including items relating to the 'Gowrie conspiracy', and a small number of photographs and racing cards
Folder 2 Press cuttings, 1928-36, 1938
Folder 3-4 Press cuttings, 1930
Folder 5 Press cuttings, c. 1930-55, including death of Lord Gowrie
Folder 6 Press cuttings, 1931-43
Folder 7 Press cuttings, 1932-35
Folder 8-9 Press cuttings, 1934-48, 1955, including coverage of British campaign in Middle East from The Times
Folder 10 Press cuttings, 1936-41
Folder 11 Press cuttings, 1937-55, including obituaries
Folder 12 Press cuttings relating to Lady Gowrie, 1938-44
Folder 13 Press cuttings relating to Patrick Hore-Ruthven, 1938-44
Folder 14 Press cuttings, 1939-45 (marked 'very important')
Folder 15 Press cuttings, 1942
Folder 16 Press cuttings, 1942-44
Folder 17 Press cuttings, 1944
Folder 18 Press cuttings, 1945-49, including London farewell to Don Bradman (1948)
Folder 19 Press cuttings relating to the National Hunting Committee, 1948-49
Folder 20 Press cuttings, 1950-57
Folder 21 Press cuttings, 1909, 1943-45 (marked 'unimportant')
Folder 22 Press cuttings, c. 1930-49 (mostly undated)
Folder 23 Cuttings album, 1908-9, from papers including The Australasian, together with two childhood photographs of Hore-Ruthven? as inserts
Folder 24 Governor of South Australia cuttings album, 1928-29
Folder 25 Governor of South Australia cuttings album, 1929-33, together with letter regarding visit to South Africa (1935) and rough index and notes included as inserts
Folder 26 Press cuttings relating to the British administration of India, 1930-31
Folder 27 Governor of South Australia cuttings album, 1933-34
Folder 28 Governor of New South Wales cuttings album, 1934-38
Folder 29 Press cuttings, 1934-43
Folder 30 Press cuttings documenting visit to Papua and New Guinea, 1937, including itinerary and some correspondence
Folder 31 Governor-General of Australia cuttings album, 1936-38, with clippings dated 1939, 1943-45 inserted

Series 21 Memorabilia, c. 1904-56

This series contains personal and family papers and keepsakes which do not fall readily into the preceding series. It includes some unidentified address lists, an assortment of used and unused stationery, multiple copies of a roneoed recipe for 'Quenelles of rabbit', a few isolated, undated papers, miscellaneous printed material including hymn books, business cards, tickets and place cards, and an assortment of personal objects, such as postcards, an Old Contemptibles Association badge, Ascot races badge, one florin coin, tickets and placecards, glass fountain pen filler, plastic envelope holder, pin cushion, business cards, mirror and a Carta Della Zona Varese Domodossola map.

Folder 1 Personal papers, 1904-56, principally orders of service for weddings, funerals, including wedding of Lord and Lady Gowrie, wedding heath, honorary doctor of laws degree, other notes
Folder 2 Notebook containing entries entitled 'Australia' (1928?); Baghdad (1931?)
Folder 3 Memorabilia, including 1926 florin, Ascot race badges, Old Contemptibles Association badge, hand mirror, business cards, embroidered badge, postcards of English castles, map of Varese-Domodossala region, Italy
Folder 4 Stationery (chiefly blank), together with used and unused envelopes
Folder 5 Recipe for 'Quenelles of rabbit'
Folder 6 Services for young and old (special edition of The English hymnal). London : Humphrey Milford, 193?; The fireside hymn-book. London : Hamilton, Adams and Co., 1875




Box List

Box Series Folder/Piece
1 1 1-9
2 1 10-13
2 2 1
3 3 1
4 3 2-8
5 3 9-11
5 4 1-3
Folio box 1 4 4
6 5 1
7 5 2-8
8 5 9-15
9 5 16-22
10 5 23-30
11 6 1-8
12 6 9-16
13 6 17-24
14 6 25-29
14 7.1 1-3
15 7.1 4-10
16 7.1 11-17
17 7.1 18-25
18 7.1 26
18 7.2 1-2
18 7.3 1-5
19 7.3 6-13
20 7.3 14-21
21 7.3 22-24
21 7.4 1-5
22 7.4 6-7
22 7.5 1-5
22 7.6 1
23 7.6 2-8
23 7.7 1
24 7.7 2
24 7.8 1-2
24 7.9 1-4
25 7.10 1
25 7.11 1
25 7.12 1-6
26 7.12 7-10
27 8 1-8
28 8 9-15
29 8 16-17
29 9 1-3
29 10 1-2
30 10 3-6
30 11 1-4
31 11 5-11
32 11 12-18
33 11 19-25
34 11 26-30
34 12 1-2
35 12 3-10
36 12 11-16
36 13 1
36 14 1
37 14 2-3
37 15 1-6
38 15 7-12
39 15 13-18
40 15 19-25
41 16 1-8
42 16 9-16
43 16 17-19
43 17 1
Folio Box 1 17 2
43 17 3-5
44 17 6-12
45 17 13-19
46 17 20-27
47 17 28-31
47 18 1-4
48 18 5
48 19 1-8
49 19 9-11
50 19 12-14
51 19 15-16
52 19 17
Folio Box 2 19 18
Folio Box 3 19 19-20
Folio Box 4 19 21-22
Folio Box 5 19 23
Folio Box 6 19 24-27
52 20 1-5
53 20 6-13
54 20 14-20
55 20 21-23
56 20 24
57 20 25
58 20 26-27
Folio Box 7 20 28
Folio Box 8 20 29
59 20 30-31
60 21 1-4
61 21 5-6