Guide to the Papers of Elizabeth Chipman

MS 9635

National Library of Australia

Date completed: 2002
Last updated: March 2003

Collection Summary

Creator: Chipman, Elizabeth, 1934
Title: Papers of Elizabeth Chipman
Date Range: 1956-1998
Collection Number: MS MS 9635
Extent: 2.24 m. (17 boxes); plus 2 folio boxes
Repository: National Library of Australia


Scope and Content

The collection comprises papers relating to Chipman's career with the Australian Antarctic Division and the research for her books Australians in the frozen south (1978) and Women on ice (1986). They include photographs, transparencies, diaries, edited typescripts of her two novels, correspondence, reviews, questionnaires, newspaper cuttings and card index.


The collection is partly restricted.Series 1-2 and 4-8 are available for reference; Series 3 is restricted


The collection was purchased by the Library from Elizabeth Chipman in September 1998.

Copying and Publishing

Copying and publishing of unpublished manuscript material is subject to copyright restrictions. For such material, written permission to publish must be obtained from the copyright holder(s). Copying of unpublished material for research purposes is permissable 50 years after the death of the creator of the material.

Preferred Citation

Items from this collection should be cited as '[Title or description of manuscript item], Papers of Elizabeth Chipman, National Library of Australia, MS 9635, [series and/or folder number]'.

Biographical Note

Chipman worked for the Antarctic Division of the Department of Science in Melbourne between 1954 and 1977, where she had a varied career as a typist, information officer and scientific administrator.

She visited Macquarie Island with the Australian Antarctic Research Expeditions (ANARE) during summers of 1966-1967, 1971-1972, and 1975-1976. She was the first woman member of the ANARE Club and one of the first Australian women to set foot on the Antarctic mainland.

She is the author of two books: Australians in the frozen south (1978) and Women on ice (1986).

Chipman now lives in Melbourne.

Series List and Descriptions

Series 1 Diaries and correspondence, 1967-1996

The series contains one folder of diaries, correspondence and other papers.

Chipman recorded her daily activities while living on Macquarie Island in 1967, 1971-1972 and 1975 in three notebooks, used as diaries. They include references to the people with whom she worked, impressions and descriptions of the places she visited.

The correspondence files relate mostly to Chipman's research and the publication of her books. Copies of some of Chipman's letters are included. Other papers include handwritten drafts, typescripts and notes. The correspondents include Cleo magazine, Thomas Nelson Australia, Heinemann Publishers and Tim Bowden.

Folder 1 Diaries 1967-1975 (incomplete)
Folder 2 Correspondence and papers relating to 1975 trip
Folder 3 Correspondence, 1978-1996
Folder 4 Correspondence, c. 1980-1984
Folder 5 ERC expeditions correspondence, 1975-1976

Series 2 Antarctic Division, 1956-1998

The series includes notes, photocopies, copies of the Antarctic Treaty, newsletters and other papers of the Australian Antarctic Foundation, information booklets published by the Antarctic Division of Department of Science and Environment and information on ANAREDEX database.

Folder 1 Antarctic Division: administration, office personnel, , 1965-1975
Folder 2 Antarctic Division: administration, office personnel, 1970-1984
Folder 3 Antarctic Division: living, clothing supplies, food, 1966-1979
Folder 4 Antarctic Division: ships, shipping, passenger lists and cargo, 1956-1976
Folder 5 Antarctic Division: miscellaneous information

Transport, field work, loading schedule, barge, science news July 1976, media release Dec. 1975, handwritten notes, flora and fauna information, information leaflet no. 8 'Australian Science in Antarctica'

Folder 6 Antarctic Division: women,1975-1976
Folder 7 Antarctic Division - Treaty of co-operation, 1972-1977
Folder 8 Geography, climate, stations , 1957-1972
Folder 9 Australian Antarctic Foundation - newsletters, 1992-1993
Folder 10 Papers relating to the ANARE Jubilee celebrations in June and October , 1997
Folder 11 ANARE Club - correspondence and subscription, 1984
Folder 12 ANAREDEX, 1996

Series 3 Questionnaires, 1980-1984 (Restricted)

In researching for her book, Women on ice, Chipman sent out questionnaires to the women who had worked in the Antarctic. The series contains the completed forms and some correspondence.

Folder 1-3 Questionnaires, 1980-1984

Series 4 Australians in the frozen south (1978), 1976-1985

The book was published by published by Thomas Nelson Australia in 1978. The series comprises an author's proof, correspondence (including contract) with Thomas Nelson Australia, reviews and other papers.

Folder 1-5 Author's proof
Folder 6 Correspondence, 1976-1978
Folder 7 Correspondence, 1979-1985
Folder 8 Miscellaneous papers
Folder 9 Press clippings of reviews and other papers
Folder 10-12 Photographs and other papers

Series 5 Women on the ice (1986), 1979-1991

Chipman received a Special Purpose Grant from Australia Council in 1982 to write Women on ice, which was published by Melbourne University Press in1986. The book tells the story of the women who went to the Antarctic, set against the historical background of exploration, exploitation and scientific research.

The series comprises correspondence (including copies of Chipman's letters), research notes and typescripts. The correspondents include the New Zealand Antarctic Society, Scott Polar Research Institute (Cambridge), National Science Foundation (Washington), National Institute of Polar Research (Tokyo), British Antarctic Survey, Expéditions Polaires Francaises, Barbara Land, Phillip Law, National Maritime Museum (London), Royal Geographical Society, J.M. Caffin, Instituto de Estudios de Chile (Santiago), Melbourne University Press, Australia Council and Churchill Fellowship (Chipman applied for, but was not awarded, a Fellowship). The Library has kept the arrangement of papers within the files and their titles.

Folder 1 Correspondence,, 1979-1980
Folder 2 Correspondence, 1981-1982
Folder 3 Correspondence, 1983
Folder 4 Correspondence, 1984
Folder 5 Correspondence, 1985
Folder 6 Correspondence, , January to June 1986
Folder 7 Correspondence, July to December 1986
Folder 8 Correspondence, 1991
Folder 9 Correspondence, 1991
Folder 10 Correspondence with Melbourne University Press and the Australian Society of Authors, 1985-1992
Folder 11 Research and reference
Folder 12 Research notes
Folder 13 Typescript pages 1-199
Folder 14 Typescript pages 200 to end
Folder 15 Master copy pages 1-199
Folder 16 Master copy pages 200 to end
Folder 17 Reviews / advertising
Folder 18 Summary and list of possible purchasers
Folder 19 Rights and notification agencies
Folder 20 Australia Council
Folder 21 Churchill Fellowship
Folder 22 Proof copy

Series 6 Research material, 1972-1989

The series comprises notes, cuttings, a card file and photocopies used by Chipman in writing her books. The card file contains information on the people involved in ANARE. The Library has kept the arrangement of papers within the files and their titles.

Folder 1-5 Research material on Antarctica and the Arctic
Folder 6 Research notes
Folder 7-9 Polar and maritime biographies, , 1977-1989
Folder 10 Arctic Women - Research, c.1972
Folder 11 Copies of articles

'Emperors of the Ice' (National Geographic, March 1996) Dispatches from the Arctic Ocean by Will Stager and A Land of Isolation No More Antarctica by Bryan Hodgson.

Folder 12 Card file

Series 7 Press Cuttings

Folder 1 Antarctic general: press cuttings, 1957-1977
Folder 2 Antarctic general: press cuttings, 1978
Folder 3 Antarctic general: press cuttings, 1979
Folder 4 Antarctic general: press cuttings, 1980
Folder 5 Antarctic general: press cuttings, 1981
Folder 6 Antarctic general: press cuttings, 1982
Folder 7 Antarctic general: press cuttings, 1983
Folder 8 Antarctic general: press cuttings, 1984
Folder 9 Antarctic general: press cuttings, 1985
Folder 10 Antarctic general: press cuttings, 1986
Folder 11 Antarctic general: press cuttings, 1987
Folder 12-13 Antarctic general: press cuttings, 1988
Folder 14-19 Polar and maritime: general press cuttings, 1989
Folder 20-21 Polarmar press cuttings, 1990
Folder 22 Polarmar press cuttings, 1991
Folder 23 Polarmar press cuttings, 1992
Folder 24 Polarmar press cuttings, 1993
Folder 25 Polarmar press cuttings, 1994
Folder 26 Polarmar press cuttings, 1995
Folder 27-29 Polarmar press cuttings, 1996
Folder 30 Polarmar press cuttings, 1997
Folder 31 Polarmar press cuttings, 1998
Folder 32 Three women in Antarctica press clippings, 1975
Folder 33 First Australian women leaving for Antarctica - Press release and newspaper cuttings, 1976
Folder 34 Antarctic women: polar and maritime press cuttings, 1947-1959
Folder 35 Antarctic women: polar and maritime press cuttings, 1960-1969
Folder 36 Antarctic women: polar and maritime press cuttings, 1970-1974
Folder 37 Antarctic women: polar and maritime press cuttings, 1975-1979
Folder 38 Antarctic women: polar and maritime press cuttings, 1980-1989
Folder 39 Environmental concerns: press cuttings, 1989-1990
Folder 40 Environmental concerns: press cuttings, 1991
Folder 41 Environmental concerns: press cuttings, 1992
Folder 42 Environmental concerns: press cuttings, 1993
Folder 43 Environmental concerns: press cuttings, 1994
Folder 44 Environmental concerns: press cuttings, 1995-1998
Folder 45 Scrapbook of press cuttings relating to Falklands Islands War, 1982
Folder 46 Scrapbook of press cuttings relating to Falklands Islands War, 1982-1985
Folder 47 Scrapbook of press cuttings relating to Falklands Islands War, 1983-1997

Series 8 Photographs, 1967-1976

Piece 1 Photo Album 'Macquarie Island, March 1967..', some negatives and a card file
Piece 2 Slides of Macquarie Island and a card file
Piece 3 Colour transparencies 'Casey and Macquarie Island-summer 1975-1976' and card file
Piece 4 Miscellaneous negatives

Box List

Box Series Folder/Piece
1 1 1-5
1 2 1-3
2 2 4-12
3* 3 1-3
4 4 1-9
5 5 1-7
6 5 8-14
7 5 15-21
7 6 1
8 6 2-10
9 7 1-9
10 7 10-17
11 7 18-24
12 7 25-31
13 7 32-39
14 7 40-47
15 8 1-2
16 8 3-4

Folio Boxes 17-18

Series Piece
4 10-12
5 22
6 11-12