Guide to the Papers of Sir W. S. Kent Hughes

MS 4856

National Library of Australia

Collection Summary

Title
Papers of Sir W. S. Kent Hughes
Date Range
1914-1986
Collection Number
MS 4856
Extent
12.31 metres (82 boxes, 5 folio boxes)
Language of Materials
English
Repository
National Library of Australia

Introduction

Scope and Contents

The papers comprise correspondence (including letters written by Kent Hughes from the Middle East during World War I and POW camps during World War II), diaries, photographs, speeches, cuttings and cutting books and the manuscripts of his book Slaves of the Samurai and other writings. There are relatively few papers on Kent Hughes' career in Victorian politics, but extensive papers dating from his 21 years as a Federal Parliamentarian, including his work as Minister of the Interior and Works and Chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee. There are extensive papers on the 1956 Melbourne Olympic Games.

The correspondents include General Gordon Bennett, Sir Robert Menzies, Lord Casey, Sir Garfield Barwick, Sir Arthur Fadden, Louis Loder, Les Norman, Tom Lingford, Norman Martin, Major-General Hans de Fremery, Senator James W. Fulbright, Avery Brundage, Sir James Pitman, Derek Schreiber, J.H. Tyer and John Wedderburn-Maxwell.

The collection also includes papers of Lady Kent Hughes (including Kent Hughes' letters to her from POW camps), an account of Dr Wilfred Kent Hughes' journey to Russia in 1917, and papers relating to Kent Hughes: a biography by Frederick Howard.

Conditions Governing Access

Please refer to the collection's catalogue record for the access conditions (http://nla.gov.au/nla.cat-vn2631927).

Conditions Governing Use

Copying and publishing of unpublished manuscript material is subject to copyright restrictions. For such material, written permission to publish must be obtained from the copyright holder(s). Copying of unpublished material for research purposes is permissible 50 years after the death of the creator of the material.

Preferred Citation

Items from this collection should be cited as '[Title or description of manuscript item], Papers of Sir W. S. Kent Hughes, National Library of Australia, MS 4856, [series and/or file number]'.

Provenance

The collection was donated to the National Library, in several instalments between 1973 and 1991, by Lady Kent Hughes and her daughters, Mrs Janet Derham, Mrs Margaret Sasse and Dr Mary Lou Sheil.

Arrangement

Some of the papers had been kept in files. Wherever possible, the Library has preserved the file titles and the arrangement of the papers within them.

Biographical Note

Kent Hughes: a biography by Frederick Howard. Melbourne: Macmillan, 1972

Who's who 1968, pp. 494-95

Date Event
1895 Born in East Melbourne on 12 June, son of Dr Wilfred Kent Hughes
1900-8 Trinity Grammar School, Kew
1909-14 Melbourne Grammar School
1914 Enlisted as private in B Company 7 Infantry Batallion, promoted to Captain and on 18 October embarked for the Middle East
1915-18 Second Lieutenant 8th Light Horse Regiment and seconded as Orderly Officer 3rd Light Horse Brigade on 1 April 1915. During this time he took in various campaigns in the Middle East, including Gallipoli and Sinai.
1919 Entered Oxford University as a Rhodes Scholar
1920 Resigned commission in UK on demobilization, captain of Oxford ski team and represented Australia in athletics at Olympic Games in Antwerp
1923 Married Edith Kerr in Montclair, New Jersey on 3 February. They returned to Melbourne in April
1927-49 Member of Legislative Assembly for Kew
1940 Enlisted in A.I.F.
1941 Left for Singapore
1942-45 Prisoner of war in Malaya, Taiwan, Japan and Manchuria
1945 Returned to Australia
1947 Victorian Minister for Transport and Education
1948-49 Minister for Transport and Electrical Undertakings and Deputy Premier
1949-70 Member of the House of Representatives for Chisholm
1951-58 Chairman of the Olympic Games Organising Committee
1951-56 Federal Minister for the Interior and Minister for Works
1956-61 Chairman of Foreign Affairs Committee
1957 Awarded KBE
1970 Died in Melbourne on 31 July

Item Descriptions

Series 1. Family correspondence, 1914-70

Kent Hughes enlisted in the AIF and left Australia with the Australian Light Horse for the Middle East (Sinai, Palestine, Syria and Gallipoli) on 18 October 1914. At the end of the War, he went to Oxford to take up the Rhodes scholarship that had been awarded to him in 1915. In 1940 he enlisted in the AIF and served in Singapore and Malaya. In February 1942 Kent Hughes was taken prisoner and was sent to POW camps in Singapore, Formosa and Manchuria.

The series comprises Kent Hughes' correspondence, including some transcripts, with his father and other members of his family, written from the Middle East and Oxford. There are also letters from Lady Kent Hughes and their children (written while Kent Hughes was in the POW camps), letters from his parents-in-law (Mr and Mrs R. C. Kerr) and other members of the family.

Kent Hughes' letters to his wife can be found in Series 24.

File 1. Postcards, mostly from Egypt, 1914-17 - Box 1

File 2. Letters from Mena Camp, Egypt, 1915 - Box 1

File 3. Letters from Middle East, 1915-19 - Box 1

File 4. Transcripts of Kent Hughes' letters, 1915-17 - Box 1

File 5-6. Correspondence with father, Dr Wilfred Kent Hughes, 1917-22 - Box 1

File 7. Letters from Oxford, 1920 - Box 1

File 8. Letters from Mr and Mrs R. C. Kerr, 1933-53 - Box 1

File 9. Letters from Lady Kent Hughes and children, 1942-43 - Box 2

File 10. Letters from other members of family, 1953-70 - Box 2

Series 2. General correspondence, 1914-70

Through out his life, Kent Hughes corresponded with a large number of Australian and overseas friends, including those from his years in Oxford, as well as American and Asian friends and politicians. Usually Kent Hughes kept copies of his letters. The Australian correspondents include ex-World War I soldiers and other POWs. Other correspondents include Major General Hans de Fremery, E.J. Holt, W.R. Milligan, Vernon Morgan, William J. Sebald, H.A. Stokes Hughes, Felix Stump and John Wedderburn-Maxwell.

Most of the papers had been arranged in alphabetical order, either by subjects or names of the correspondents. The remainder were grouped in chronological order. The Library has preserved this arrangement and the file titles.

File 1. Correspondence with friends from Oxford days, 1914-50 - Box 2

File 2. Telegrams from friends on wedding day, February 1923 - Box 2

File 3-4. Welcome home letters and telegrams, 1945 - Box 2

File 5-6. Correspondence with American friends, 1946-47 - Box 2

File 7. Correspondence with friends from Oxford days, 1962-69 - Box 3

File 8. Derek Heathcoat Amory, 1954-68 - Box 3

File 9. ANZAC Day and RSL matters, 1963-68 - Box 3

File 10. Gordon Bennett, 1942-68 - Box 3

File 11. Chiang Kai-Shek, 1955-69 - Box 3

File 12. Church of St. Martin, South Yarra, 1960-67 - Box 3

File 13. Correct spelling of 'Wilfrid', 1957 - Box 3

File 14. Committee for the Third Australian Freedom Rally, 1959-61 - Box 3

File 15-19. Congratulatory letters and telegrams on receiving KBE, 1957 - Box 4

File 20. Desert Mounted Corps Memorial in Canberra, 1963-68 (See also Series 4/51) - Box 4

File 21. Sir Alec Douglas-Home, 1961-63 - Box 4

File 22. Sir John Elliott, 1949-67 - Box 4

File 23. Ex-Eighth Division Diggers, 1955-70 - Box 5

File 24. Famous signatures, 1935-64 - Box 5

The signatories are Duke of Gloucester, Willi Brandt, 'Weary' Dunlop, Cardinal Gilroy (Archbishop of Sydney), Sir Robert Menzies, Lord Casey, Sir Percy Spender and Sir William Slim

File 25. Sir Keith Feiling, 1938-67 - Box 5

File 26. Henry J. Fischer of the Australian International News Review, 1965-68 - Box 5

File 27. Major-General Hans de Fremery, 1950-70 - Box 5

File 28. Get well letters and telegrams, following hospitalisation, 1952 - Box 5

File 29. Get well letters and telegrams, following an operation, 1953 - Box 5

File 30. James Hodgkinson, 1964-69 - Box 5

File 31. E.J. Holt, 1957-70 - Box 5

File 32. Stan Howard, 1958-68 - Box 6

File 33. Japanese friends (G. Kitagawa, Yuichi Hayashi and Juro Oki), 1953-63 - Box 6

File 34. Sir Howard Kerr, 1934-36 - Box 6

File 35. Kinabalu Park War Memorial, correspondence and cuttings, Sabah, 1959-65 - Box 6

File 36. Korea and South East Asia Forces Association, 1963-70 - Box 6

File 37. Donald W. Lamm, 1962-68 - Box 6

File 38. Ernest K. Lindley, 1965-68 - Box 6

File 39. Princess Josephine Charlotte of Luxembourg, 1956 - Box 6

File 40. W.R. Milligan, 1938-70 - Box 7

File 41. Robert O'Neill, 1962-66 - Box 7

File 42. Overseas friends, 1932-38 - Box 7

File 43-44. Overseas friends (mostly with A.G. Vromans and Senator James W. Fulbright), 1948-69 - Box 7

File 45. K. Perkins, 1967-68 - Box 7

File 46. Sir Isaac Pitman Sons Ltd (UK), 1962-63 - Box 7

File 47. Anthony Quayle, 1949-53 - Box 7

File 48. Vernon Morgan, 1957-70 - Box 8

File 49. Tom Morris, 1963-67 - Box 8

File 50. J.J. Pitman, 1949-67 - Box 8

File 51-52. RSL, 1946-70 - Box 8

Correspondence with other ex- World War I soldiers, ex-POWs, Queensland Ex-POW Association and Ex-Servicemen's POW Subsistence Claims Committee concerning Prisoners of War Trust Fund and subsistence claim for ex-servicemen.

File 53. Walter S. Robertson, 1956-69 - Box 8

File 54. Rotary International (W.N. Oats and H.A. Bayoomi), 1960-63 - Box 8

File 55. Peter Roth, 1953 and 1959 - Box 8

File 56. Bishop G.T. Sambell, 1967 - Box 8

File 57. Derek Schreiber, 1934-56 - Box 9

File 58. William J. Sebald, 1959-70 - Box 9

File 59. H.A. Stokes Hughes, 1950-70 - Box 9

File 60. Felix B. Stump, 1956-70 - Box 9

File 61. Tadakatsu Suzuki, 1959-67 - Box 9

File 62. Thai correspondents (Konthi Suphamongkhon and Thanat Khoman), 1959-68 - Box 9

File 63. J.H. Thyer, 1949-50 - Box 9

File 64. War historian, 1953 - Box 9

File 65. Bill Weale, 1956-57 - Box 9

File 66. John Wedderburn-Maxwell, 1954-70 - Box 10

File 67. Wheat Board, 1962 - Box 10

File 68. Harry Wheeler, 1947 - Box 10

File 69. Don Whitington, 1961 and 1969 - Box 10

File 70. Correspondence arranged in chronological order: 1923-52 - Box 10

File 71. Correspondence arranged in chronological order: 1942-43 - Box 10

File 72. Correspondence arranged in chronological order: 1953-56 - Box 10

File 73. Correspondence arranged in chronological order: 1957-60 - Box 10

File 74. Correspondence arranged in chronological order: 1945-62 - Box 11

File 75. Correspondence arranged in chronological order: 1961-64 - Box 11

File 76. Correspondence arranged in chronological order: 1965-66 - Box 11

File 77. Correspondence arranged in chronological order: 1967-70 - Box 11

Series 3. Diaries and notebooks, 1940-70

Kent Hughes kept diaries most of his life and many of them have been transcribed. The series comprises the original diaries, typescripts of some of the diaries and miscellaneous notebooks.

Kent Hughes had kept the typescript of 'A diary of the American trip of the Oxford-Cambridge Track Team 6.7.21 to 12.8.21' with his Oxford papers (Series 5/ File 23). The diaries of Kent Hughes' visit to the Far East in 1958 are in Series 14/ Files 18-19 and 22.

File 1. Diary, c.1915 - Box 11

File 2. Diaries kept while serving in Malaya as a member of the Eighth Division of AIF, c.1940-42 - Box 11

File 3. Typescript of 'War diary of intelligence summary', 1 Nov. - 31 Dec. 1941 - Box 11

File 4. Diary, 1 Jan. - 17 Feb. 1942 - Box 12

File 5. Diary, 8 Feb. - 16 Aug. 1942 - Box 12

File 6. Diary, 21 Aug. 1942 - 17 Aug. 1943 - Box 12

File 7. Diary, 1942-44 - Box 12

File 8. Duplicate typescripts, 1 Jan. 1942 - 14 Aug. 1945 - Box 12

File 9. Duplicate typescripts, 8 Feb. 1942 - 18 Dec. 1943 - Box 12

File 10. Duplicate typescripts, 1942-45 (incomplete) - Box 12

File 11. Diary, 18 Aug. 1943 - 31 Oct. 1944 - Box 13

File 12. Diary, 1 Nov. - 16 Oct. 1945 - Box 13

File 13. Part of a diary kept on USS Relief, Sep. 1945. A plaque from the ship is in Series 22 - Box 13

File 14. Ten pocket diaries, 1946-59 - Box 13

File 15. Diary of a visit to England (1948) and interview with Ben Chifley (1949) - Box 13

File 16. Diary: 'Far East trip while Minister with Edith and Lou, 1953' - Box 13

File 17. Diary, Apr. - Aug. 1947 - Box 14

File 18. Diary of a trip to Papua as a Minister, [c.1955] - Box 14

File 19. Typescript of diary on Asian tour, Jan. - Mar. 1955 - Box 14

File 20. Typescript of diary on Asian tour (4th copy), Jan. - Mar. 1955 - Box 14

File 21. Typescript of diary on Asian tour (5th copy), Jan. - Mar. 1955 - Box 14

File 22. Diary of a trip to equestrian events in Stockholm (1956) and Papua New Guinea (1957) - Box 14

File 23. Diary of the Asian Games tour, May - July 1958 - Box 14

File 24. Diary of a visit to Antarctica, 1958 - Box 14

File 25. Diary of a visit to ECAFE (Economic Co-operation in Asia and the Far East), 1959 - Box 14

File 26. Diary of a visit to the Kimberleys, 1960 - Box 14

File 27-32. Diaries 3-8, 1958-63 (1-2 were not received) - Box 15

File 33-38. Diaries 9-14 (including a visit to the Tokyo Olympic Games), 1963-64 - Box 15

File 39-44. Diaries 15-20, 1965-67 - Box 15

File 45-49. Diaries 21-49, 1967-68 - Box 15

File 50-54. Diaries 50-54, 1968-70 - Box 16

File 55. Miscellaneous typescripts and extracts from diaries, n.d - Box 16

File 56-65. Notebooks, n.d - Box 16

Series 4. Photographs and photograph albums, early 1900s-70

In the First World War, Kent Hughes served in the Middle East, as a member of the Light Horse Brigade in the Australian Imperial Force, from June 1917 to March 1918. The earlier photographs document this period of his career.

Other photographs include those taken during Kent Hughes' frequent visits overseas, particularly to Asia, in his capacity as a Minister for the Interior and Works (1951-56) and Chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee (1956-61). Papers relating to these visits can be found in Series 14. There are also pictures of both the Victorian and Federal Liberal Ministries and photographs taken during the 1956 Melbourne Olympic Games.

Related papers are in Series 1, 6 and 19.

File 1. Photographs of Kent Hughes as a boy and at school, early 1900s - Box 16

File 2. Album of photographs, taken in Melbourne, Yemen, Suez Canal, Syria and Egypt, of the First Australian Imperial Expeditionary Force (B. Company Seventh Battalion), Sep. 1914 - Apr. 1915 - Box 16

File 3. Album of Headquarter of the Third Light Horse Brigade AIF, including Anzac Cove and Egypt, Apr. 1915 - Jan. 1916 - Box 17

File 4. Album of Headquarter of the Third Light Horse Brigade AIF, including Egypt and India, Jan. 1916 - June 1917 - Box 17

File 5. Album of the Third Light Horse Brigade AIF, include Egypt and Colombo, 1917-18 - Box 17

File 6. Black and white negatives of Egypt and Palestine, c.1915-18 - Box 18

File 7. Photograph, c.1915-18 - Box 18

File 8. Photographs, c.1918 - Box 18

File 9. Photographs of Palestine and Syria, c.1918 - Box 18

File 10. Oxford photographs, including the Oxford Ski Team, 1921 - Box 18

File 11. Portrait of Edith Kent Hughes (nee Kerr) on her wedding day 3 February 1923 - Folio-Box 1

File 12. Photographs of Premiers' Conference, Canberra, 1923 - Folio-Box 1

File 13. Photograph of Victorian Cabinet, 1947-48 - Folio-Box 1

File 14. Photographs of the Royal tour, 1954 - Folio-Box 1

File 15. Photograph of Kew Football Club, 1929 - Box 19

File 16. Photographs, 1930s - Box 19

File 17. Photograph of Premiers' Conference, Sydney, 1930s - Box 19

File 18. Photograph of Members of the Victorian Executive Council, 1934 - Box 19

File 19. Photographs, 1940-49 - Box 19

File 20. Group photograph of the Victorian Cabinet Picture of Kent Hughes with Tom Hollway taken after the announcement of the withdrawal of the Victorian Country Party Leader, J.G. McDonald, from the Coalition Government in 1948 - Box 19

File 21. Photographs of Avery Brundage, 195? - Box 19

File 22. Photographs of Menzies Government after the swearing-in ceremony at Government House Canberra, 1951 - Box 19

File 23. Photographs of visit to Malaya, 195? - Box 20

File 24. Photographs of Menzies Government, 1952 - Box 20

File 25. Photographs of Sports Foundation, Los Angeles, 1953 - Box 20

File 26. Photographs, 1950-59 - Box 20

File 27. Photographs of Thai Olympic Committee, 1953 - Box 20

File 28. Photographs of Kent Hughes skiing at Charlotte's Pass, 1955 - Box 20

File 29. Photographs of a visit to Thailand, 1955 - Box 20

File 30. Photographs of a visit to Asia, 1955 - Box 20

File 31. Album of visit to Taiwan, 1955 - Box 21

File 32. Photographs of official tour of War Cemeteries by the Minister of the Interior and Works, 1955 (See also Series 4/ File 61 and Series 14/ File 7) - Box 21

File 33. Photographs of a visit to Japan, 1955-58 - Box 21

File 34. Photographs of Australian 4 x 100m. Women's Relay Team Gold Medal winners, Melbourne Olympic Games, 1956 - Box 21

File 35. Photographs of Melbourne Olympic Games, 1956 - Box 21

File 36. Photographs of a visit to Kuala Lumpur, 1958 - Box 22

File 37. Photographs of a visit to Taiwan, 1958 - Box 22

File 38. Photographs of a visit to Vietnam, 1958 - Box 22

File 39. Photographs of a visit to Antarctica, 1958 - Box 22

File 40. Photographs of a visit to Taiwan, 1964 - Box 22

File 41. Photographs of a visit to Korea, 1964 - Box 22

File 42. Korean Embassy, Canberra, 1962-68 - Box 22

File 43. Photographs taken between 1962 and 1968 - Box 22

File 44. Photographs of a visit to Baguio City, Philippines, 1965 - Box 22

File 45. Photograph taken at a meeting of the Asian People's Anti-Communist League Executive Committee, Taiwan, 1967 - Box 23

File 46. Photographs of Anzac Day parade, c.1967-70 - Box 23

File 47-48. Photographs of a visit to Vietnam, 1966 - Box 23

File 49. Photographs of Anzac Day parade, 1967 - Box 23

File 50. Photographs of Somers Camp, Anglesea, 1967 - Box 23

File 51. Photographs of Opening ceremony of the Light Horse Memorial in Canberra, 19 April 1968 (See also Series 2/20) - Box 23

File 52. Photographs of Kent Hughes receiving an honorary degree from the China Academy, Taiwan, 1968 - Box 23

File 53. Photographs of a visit to Holland, 1956 - Box 24

File 54. Family photographs, n.d - Box 24

File 55. Photographs of a visit to Africa, n.d - Box 24

File 56. Visit to POW Camp in Taiwan, n.d - Box 24

File 57. Miscellaneous, n.d - Box 24

File 58. Album of visit to Taiwan, n.d - Folio-Box 1

File 59. Memorial to Matron Olive D. Paschke unveiled by Kent Hughes - Folio-Box 1

File 60. Visit to Egypt, n.d - Folio-Box 1

File 61. War cemetery in Jakarta, n.d. (See also Series 4/ File 32 and Series 14/ File 7) - Folio-Box 1

File 62. Glass negative, n.d - Box 25

File 63-82. Slides - Box 25

Series 5. Oxford, 1920-22

Kent Hughes went to Christ Church, Oxford on a Rhodes Scholarship in 1920 and graduated as a BA with honours in Modern History in 1922. While in Oxford, he took an active part in various sporting activities, including track and field and skiing.

The series comprises lecture notes, some of which are in notebooks. Kent Hughes' correspondence with his family is in Series 1/ Files 5-7 and his correspondence with his friends from Oxford is in Series 2/ Files 1 and 7. Other related papers are in Series 4/ File 10.

File 1. 'Master of Balliol: Aristotle's politics', 1920 - Box 26

File 2. 'Summary of history of the Papacy', 1920 - Box 26

File 3. 'Administration 1714-1815', 1920 - Box 26

File 4. 'Constitutions of Australia, Canada and South Africa', 1921 - Box 27

File 5. 'Constitutional documents 1660-1911', 1921 - Box 27

File 6. 'The development of nationality and nationalism in the British Isles', 1921 - Box 27

File 7. 'Analysis on cooperation of home and abroad', 1921 - Box 27

File 8. 'Armstrong on the Netherlands 16th century', 1921 - Box 28

File 9. 'Whitley Council', c.1921 - Box 28

File 10. 'Summary of English history', c.1921 - Box 28

File 11. 'Barker constitutional history', c.1921 - Box 28

File 12. 'Barker on social economic questions of 18th and 19th centuries', 1921 - Box 29

File 13. 'Leys on the Tudors', c.1921 - Box 29

File 14. 'Chrystallography', 1921 - Box 29

File 15-19. Lecture notes, 1921 - Box 29

File 20-22. Jottings and memoirs, 1920-21 - Box 30

File 23. Typescript of 'A diary of the American trip of the Oxford-Cambridge Track Team 6.7.21 to 12.8.21' - Box 30

File 24. Accounts, 1921 - Box 31

File 25. Programs and leaflets, 1920-22 - Box 31

File 25. Printed material, 1921 - Box 31

Series 6. World War I, 1914-19

Kent Hughes enlisted in the AIF and left Australia with the Australian Light Horse for the Middle East (Sinai, Palestine, Syria and Gallipoli) on 18 October 1914.

The series includes certificates of appreciation for gallant and distinguished service in the field, notes and correspondence relating to Kent Hughes' discharge from the AIF and non-military employment. His letters to his family can be found in Series 1 and the WW I photographs are in Series 4.

File 1. Notes kept on leaving Melbourne, 1914 - Box 31

File 2. Typescripts entitled 'Evacuation of Gallipoli', 3 December 1915 and 'Second Light Horse Brigade', 10 December 1917 - Box 31

File 3-4. Correspondence with the Department of Repatriation and Demobilisation concerning Kent Hughes' discharge from the AIF, non-military employment and the settlement of accounts, 1919-22 - Box 31

File 5. Certificates of appreciation for gallant and distinguished service in the field, 1916-18 - Box 32

File 6. Miscellaneous note and cuttings - Box 32

File 7-8. Maps of Gallipoli, Syria, Israel and Sinai Peninsula - Box 32

Series 7. World War II, 1942-55

Kent Hughes served in the 8th Division, AIF in 1940. He went to Malaya in 1941, where he became a Lieutenant-Colonel in 1941 and Colonel in 1942. He was taken Prisoner of War on 16 February 1942 and was in camps in Changi (18 months), Formosa (2 years), Japan (2 weeks) and Manchuria (1 year) until 1945. The series includes correspondence, notes and drafts of various writings about the camps.

For related papers see Series 1-3, 8, 15/ File 12 and 24.

File 1. Typescript of a speech given to POWs at Karenko, Formosa, August 1942 - Box 32

File 2. Notes on 'Japanese instructions given to Prisoners of War in Changi' by Kent Hughes, 1942 - Box 32

File 3. A photograph of a pencil portrait of Kent Hughes by Murray Griffin, the Official War Artist, May 1942 - Box 33

File 4. Transcript of an interview with Mr Hagiwara from Domei News Agency, Karenko, 1 June 1943 - Box 33

File 5-7. Notes, notebook and other writings (including a poem on Mukden) kept by Kent Hughes while he was in POW camps, 1942-45 - Box 33

File 8. Carbon copy typescript of 'An account of liberation by Col. W.S. Kent Hughes, Mukden Main POW Camp, 15-18 Aug. 1945' - Box 33

File 9. Interim report of POW camps in Singapore, n.d - Box 33

File 10. Printed material, 1940-46 - Box 33

File 11. Letters from Military Board of the Australian Military Forces, on matters such as entitlements and honours, 1943-49 - Box 34

File 12. Correspondence with the Australian Military Forces and other papers on POW matters, 1943-51 - Box 34

File 13. Correspondence with the Department of Repatriation, 1946-53 - Box 34

File 14. Handwritten draft and pencil drawings of 'The hell-hole of the Oryoku Maru' - Box 34

File 15. Handwritten draft and typescripts of 'Misery farm: a Taiwan tragedy' - Box 34

File 16. Typescript of 'Changi: the early phase' - Box 34

File 17. Typescript of 'The Malaya social scene' - Box 34

File 18. Handwritten draft and typescripts of 'Singapore: before and after' - Box 35

File 19. Typescript of 'Administrative HQ AIF Malaya' - Box 35

File 20. Typescript of 'Recollections during WW II', 1955 - Box 35

File 21. Handwritten draft and typescripts of 'Recollections of the last days of Singapore' by Capt. A.H.L. Wheeler, Cowra, 1942 - Box 35

File 22. Recollections by Brig. J. Tayer and Lt. Col. L. Stahle, 1971 - Box 35

File 23. Citations of Honours and awards and other papers relating to Kent Hughes' World War II service, n.d - Box 35

File 24. Maps - Box 36

Series 8. Slaves of the samurai (1946), 1946-69

The manuscript was written while Kent Hughes was in POW camps and was hidden between layers of cardboard in his suitcase. The book was published in Melbourne by Oxford University Press in 1946. The Series contains the manuscript and typescripts, letters from friends and the general public about the book and book reviews.

File 1. Original manuscripts - Box 36

File 2-5. Typescripts - Box 36

File 6. Letters from friends and the general public, giving their views on the book, 1947-69 - Box 37

File 7. Cover designs for the book - Box 37

File 8. Book reviews, 1946-47 - Box 37

Series 9. Member for Kew (Victorian Parliament), 1927-49

In 1927 Kent Hughes stood for the Victorian Parliament as a Nationalist candidate and was elected as the Member for Kew. He was Minister for Transport and Education in 1947 and Minister for Transport and Electrical Undertaking between 1947 and 1949 in the Ministry led by Tom Hollway.

The series include a small quantity of correspondence and other papers on various subjects, including the Victorian elections and houses for migrants.

File 1. Victorian election, including letters of congratulations, 1927 - Box 37

File 2. Correspondence, 1927-49 - Box 37

File 3. Victorian elections, 1937-40 - Box 37

File 4. Miscellaneous papers - Box 37

File 5. Correspondence on Kent Hughes' retirement from Parliament, 1949 - Box 37

Series 10. Minister for Transport, 1948-53

Kent Hughes became the Victorian Minister for Transport and Education in 1947 and Minister for Transport and Election Undertakings in 1947-49. This small series comprises correspondence and other papers relating to these portfolios, in some cases extending into the early 1950s. The correspondents include Les Norman, Norman Martin and Tom Lingford

File 1. Correspondence relating to the transportation of Callide coal (from Queensland) to Victoria, 1948-53 - Box 38

File 2. Correspondence, 1948-52 - Box 38

File 3. Papers relating to the Bombala - Bairnsdale Railway, 1950-53 - Box 38

File 4. Correspondence concerning the visit of John Elliott, 1948-49. The Victorian Government engaged the services of Elliott, Chief Executive of British Railways, to investigate the Victorian transport system - Box 38

File 5. Correspondence relating to the 'Operation snail': importation of pre-fabricated houses from England to accommodate English migrants, 1948-53 - Box 38

Series 11. Member for Chisholm (Commonwealth Parliament), 1954-70

Following his resignation from Victorian politics, Kent Hughes stood as a Liberal candidate and won the Federal seat of Chisholm in December 1949. He held the seat until his death in 1970. He was the Federal Minister for the Interior and Works between 1951 and 1956.

The series mostly comprises papers on a wide range of subjects that Kent Hughes received as a Federal Parliamentarian. They include both incoming and outgoing correspondence with other politicians, Cabinet Ministers and his constituents and with a wide range of acquaintances in Australia, Asia and other overseas countries. There are also files on Australian defence and foreign policy and relation with Asian countries and communism. Papers relating to Kent Hughes' work as a Minister can be found in Series 12 and papers on the Joint Foreign Affairs Committee are in Series 17.

The papers had been kept in files and, wherever possible, the Library has preserved the arrangement of the papers within them and also the file titles.

File 1. Sir Michael Adeane, the Queen's Private Secretary, concerning the Royal visit to Australia, 1954 - Box 38

File 2. Amendment of the Broadcasting and Television Act (correspondence with F.M. Osborne and Vernon Wilcox), 1953-58 - Box 38

File 3. Asian politics, 1951-69 - Box 38

File 4-5. Australian Broadcasting Commission (correspondence with C.W. Davidson, Sir Richard Boyer, Sir James Darling and T.S. Duckmanton), 1958-68 - Box 39

File 6. Australian Children's Theatre, 1954-55 - Box 39

File 7. Australian Dairy Produce Board, 1965-66 - Box 39

File 8. Australian Embassy in Bangkok, 1966 - Box 39

File 9. Australian Seamen's Union, 1962-63 - Box 39

File 10. Banking, 1957-59 - Box 39

File 11. Buffaloes for South East Asia, 1960 - Box 39

File 12. Burmese and Japanese politics, 1950-61 - Box 39

File 13. Caulfield Rifle Club, Williamstown Rifle Range, 1953-54 (See also File 39 and 44) - Box 40

File 14. China, 1956 - Box 40

File 15. Committee Against Communism (correspondents include T.K. Critchley and W.C. Wentworth), 1962-65 - Box 40

File 16. Communism, South Africa and other issues, 1960-68 - Box 40

File 17-18. Defence (correspondents include A.J. Forbes, Athol Townley and Shane Paltridge), 1952-65 - Box 40

File 19. Defend Australia Committee (correspondence with Rex Becke and C.R.R. Huxtable), 1962-68 - Box 40

File 20. Editors of major Australian newspapers The Age, Sydney Morning Herald and the Herald), 1958-68 - Box 40

File 21. Fan mail: letters from English people following the publication of Kent Hughes' letter, on his stand against Communism, to the editor of the Daily Telegraph, 1967 - Box 41

File 22. Federal elections, 1949-69. Papers include 'How to vote' leaflets and draft of speeches - Box 41

File 23. Fitzroy municipal election, 1964-65 - Box 41

File 24-26. Foreign affairs correspondence within Australia, 1950-68. Correspondents include Rohan Rivett, J.G. Porteus, Harold Holt, M.H. Hungerford, Sir Norman Kater, Eric Butler, Geoffrey Fairbairn, Jim Thyer and Robert E. Hoey - Box 41

File 27. Goverment Members Committee, 1963-70 - Box 41

File 28. Indonesia, 1965 - Box 41

File 29. Indonesia - Malaysia issues, 1956-65 - Box 42

File 30. Inigo Jones, 1953-68. Investigations of Jones, who was a long-range weather forecaster for Cromhurst Obsevatory, Queensland - Box 42

File 31-32. Ministers of External Affairs (correspondents include R.G. Casey, Sir Garfield Barwick and Sir Paul Hasluck), 1950-67 - Box 42

File 33. Move to Federal politics, 1949-50 - Box 42

File 34. Rupert Murdoch and other issues, 1958-64 - Box 42

File 35. New England New State Movement, 1950-59 - Box 42

File 36. Primary Industries (correspondents include Sir John Teasdale of Australian Wheat Board, Associated Chambers of Australia and T.C. Stott of Australian Wheat Growers' Federation), 1956-63 - Box 42

File 37. Regional security, 1970 - Box 42

File 38. Regular Defence Force Welfare Association and Defence Forces Retirement Benefits, 1959-62 - Box 43

File 39. Rifle Clubs, 1957-65 (See also Files 13 and 44) - Box 43

File 40. Rip tragedy, 1960. Two men were drowned during an Army training exercise outside the Port Phillip Bay Heads near Queenscliff - Box 43

File 41. Roads, 1959-64 - Box 43

File 42. Speaker's Chair for the new Parliament in Malaysia, 1955 - Box 43

File 43. Taiwan, 1969 - Box 43

File 44. Victorian Rifle Association (See also Files 13 and 39), 1960 - Box 43

File 45. Vietnamese Embassy, 1957-67 - Box 43

File 46. Western Australia, 1960 - Box 43

File 47. War Widows Guild and Homes for the Aged (correspondents include Lucy Dutton Green, Mrs M.D. Sparks, Mrs E. McKenzie-Rye and Mrs G.A. Vasey), 1960-63 - Box 44

File 48. A - K, 1951-70 - Box 44

File 49. L - M, 1951-70 - Box 44

File 50. N - W, 1951-70 - Box 44

File 51. Miscellaneous correspondence, 1950, 1957-59 - Box 44

File 52. Miscellaneous correspondence, 1960-62 - Box 44

File 53. Miscellaneous correspondence, 1963-64 - Box 44

File 54. Miscellaneous correspondence, 1965-66 - Box 44

File 56. Miscellaneous correspondence, 1967-69 - Box 45

Series 12. Minister for Interior and Works, 1952-57

Kent Hughes became the Federal Minister for the Interior and Minister for Works and Housing on 11 May 1951. In June 1952 the latter portfolio was changed to Minister for Works. As Minister for the Interior, he was responsible for the developmental planning and administration of Canberra. Other responsibilities included elections and franchise, astronomy, mapping and surveys, meteorology, forestry and timber, war graves, War Service Land Settlement, the Australian War Memorial, the acquisition and leasing of land for Commonwealth purposes, and publicity. The department of Works was responsible for the design, supervision, execution and inspection of all architectural and engineering works for the Commonwealth Government and the formulation of town planning proposals in areas controlled by the Commonwealth. In January 1956, as a result of a Cabinet reshuffle, Kent Hughes was dropped from the Menzies Ministry and he did not hold office again.

The series consists of semi-official and personal correspondence, cuttings, minutes, speeches, reports and papers relating to many of Kent Hughes' Ministerial responsibilities, including papers on his removal from the Ministry in 1956. The correspondents are mostly Ministerial colleagues or public servants, including R.G. Menzies, Sir Arthur Fadden, R.G. Casey, George McLeay, Paul Hasluck, W.H. Spooner, Louis Loder, Lionel Price and J.R. Fraser.

File 1. Accommodation for the Department of Defence upon its transfer to Canberra (correspondents include R.G. Menzies and W.E. Dunk), 1954-55 - Box 45

File 2. Cabinet minutes, 1952-55 - Box 45

File 3. Canberra housing: correspondence and cutting concerning rent increases and shortage of housing (correspondents include Jim Fraser), 1953-55 - Box 45

File 4. Canberra University College, 1953 - Box 45

File 5. Civil Defence Council Bill, 1955 - Box 45

File 6. Contracts, 1954 - Box 45

File 7. Department of Territories, concerning Papua New Guinea, 1954 - Box 45

File 8-10. Development of Canberra, 1949-55. The papers include correspondence, report, minutes and press releases on the development of Canberra, such as the creation of Lake Burley Griffin, Australian War Memorial, Australian National University, Mount Stromlo and the Olympic pool. The main correspondents are C.E.W. Bean, A.H. Corbett, J.A. McCallum and Sir William Slim - Box 46

File 11. Conference of the State and Commonwealth Ministers on War Service Land Settlement, Canberra, 1954 - Box 46

File 12. Financial policy, 1952 - Box 46

File 13. Japanese Ambassador attending ANZAC ceremony, 1953 - Box 46

File 14. Liquor trading hours in the ACT, 1954-55 - Box 46

File 15. Minister for Transport and Shipping (correspondence with George McLeay), 1952-53 - Box 46

File 16. Markham bridge, Papua New Guinea (correspondence with Michael Leahy), 1952 - Box 46

File 17. Medical School, ANU, 1953 - Box 47

File 18-19. R.G. Menzies, 1953-54 - Box 47

File 20-21. Miscellaneous correspondence (includes A.W. Fadden, L.F. Loder and R.G. Menzies), 1950-55 - Box 47

File 22. River Murray agreement and the enlargement of the Hume reservoir, 1951-54 - Box 47

File 23. Reports, minutes and correspondence on the 'Science of building', 1952-53 - Box 47

File 24. 'Operation administration': a proposal to centralised the administration of some Government Departments in Canberra, 1954 - Box 47

File 25. Sir Earle Page (Minister for Health) and Stuart Acason (Liberal Party, Queensland) concerning the opening of the Tuberculosis Annexe at Cairns General Hospital, 1954 - Box 47

File 26. J.M. Douglas Pringle, 1953 - Box 48

File 27. Public Accounts Committee, 1953 - Box 48

File 28. Snowy River Scheme, 1951 - Box 48

File 29. Snowy River and transport, 1953 - Box 48

File 30. Transfer of Tallangatta township, 1951-53 - Box 48

File 31. Transport, 1954-56 - Box 48

File 32. War Service Land Settlement, New South Wales, 1953-55 - Box 48

File 33. Papers (including typescript of Kent Hughes' recollections of his interview with Menzies and his conversation with other Ministers, such as John McEwen and draft of speech on Foreign Affairs given by Kent Hughes at the House of Representatives on 28 April 1955) relating to Kent Hughes' dismissal from the Menzies Ministry, 1955-57 - Box 48

File 34-35. Letters from friends and colleagues after the dismissal, 1956. Correspondents include Sir John Latham, John Oldham, J. Gordon Bennett, W.R. Lawrence, L.W. Hamilton, T.T. Colquhoun, Sir Malcolm McIntosh and Gavin Long - Box 49

File 36. Copies of letters written by Kent Hughes to thank various Departments for their support during his term as Minister for the Interior and Works, 1956 - Box 49

Series 13. Speeches, 1930s-70

The series comprises handwritten drafts, typescript and roneoed copies, as well as cuttings, of Kent Hughes' speeches. Some of the speeches were kept in files and have been either arranged in chronological order or according to subjects. These arrangements have been preserved by the Library.

Drafts of radio broadcasts, which were filed with the speeches, can be found in File 22.

File 1. Speeches arranged in chronological order: 1930s-39 - Box 49

File 2. Speeches arranged in chronological order: 1940s-49 - Box 49

File 3-4. Speeches arranged in chronological order: 1949-67 - Box 49

File 5-6. Speeches arranged in chronological order: 1950-59 - Box 50

File 7. Speeches arranged in chronological order: 1960-62 - Box 50

File 8-11. Speeches arranged in chronological order: 1960-69 - Box 50

File 12. Speeches arranged in chronological order: 1970 - Box 50

File 13-14. Speeches arranged by subjects: Anzac day speeches, including copies of order of service, 1927-70 - Box 51

File 15. Speeches arranged by subjects: Armistice Day, 1938 - Box 51

File 16. Speeches arranged by subjects: Australian defence, 1950-58 - Box 51

File 17. Speeches arranged by subjects: Empire Day, 1938 - Box 51

File 18. Speeches arranged by subjects: Entry into World War II - Box 51

File 19. Speeches arranged by subjects: Parliamentary dinner, 1935 - Box 51

File 20-21. Speeches arranged by subjects: Parliamentary speeches and published in the Parliamentary debates, 1955-70 - Box 51

File 22. Speeches arranged by subjects: Broadcasts, 1947-64 - Box 52

Series 14. Overseas visits, 1946-70

During his terms as the Minister of Interior and Works and as the Chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee, Kent Hughes undertook numerous overseas visits. The series includes correspondence, notes, invitations to official functions, cuttings, travel leaflets and other papers relating to these visits. Photographs of these visits can be found in Series 4.

File 1. UK, 1946 - Box 52

File 2. America, 1946-47 - Box 52

File 3. New Guinea, March - April 1952 - Box 52

File 4. South East Asia, 1954-55 - Box 52

File 5-6. Asia, February 1955 - Box 52

File 7-8. Asia, including a visit to Australian War cemeteries in Asia and the Pacific, February - March 1955 (See also Series 4/ Files 32 and 61) - Box 53

File 9-10. Taiwan, including an invitation from Chiang Kai-Shek, 1955 - Box 53

File 11. Taiwan, 1955-64 - Box 53

File 12. Royal dinner party, Stockholm Town Hall, 1956 - Box 53

File 13. Antarctica Sub-Committee (Operation 'Penguin'). As a member, Kent Hughes visited Antarctica in October 1958 - Box 53

File 14-15. Asia, 1958 - Box 53

File 16. Japan, 1958 - Box 54

File 17. Taiwan, 1958 - Box 54

File 18-19. Diaries of visit to the Far East, 1958 (For other diaries see Series 3) - Box 54

File 20-22. United States, UK and Europe (including correspondence, notes, drafts of reports and diaries kept during the trip), Apr. - Sep. 1961 - Box 54

File 23. Vietnam, 1961-65 - Box 55

File 24. South East Asia, Mar. 1962 - Box 55

File 25. United States and UK, Aug. 1962 - Box 55

File 26. South East Asia, Mr. 1963 - Box 55

File 27. Asia, Jan. - Feb. 1964 - Box 55

File 28-30. Korea and Taiwan, 1964 - Box 55

File 31. Asia, Oct. - Nov. 1964 - Box 56

File 32. United States and UK, June 1964 - Box 56

File 33. South East Asia, June-Aug. 1965 - Box 56

File 34-35. Rhodesia, includes correspondence and cuttings, 1965-68 - Box 56

File 36-39. Asia, 1966. Kent Hughes visited Taiwan as Australia's representative for the inauguration of Chiang Kai-Shek's 4th term in office, 1966 - Box 56

File 40-41. Africa, Aug. - Oct. 1967 - Box 57

File 42-44. UK and United States, May - July 1967 - Box 57

File 45-47. Asia, 1968 - Box 57

File 48. Taiwan, June - Aug. 1968. Kent Hughes was awarded an honorary degree of Doctor of Laws by the China Academy in Taipei - Box 58

File 49. Trinidad, to attend the 15th Commonwealth Parliamentary Conference, Apr. 1969 - Box 58

File 50-52. Africa, including South Africa, Malawi and Mozambique, Aug. - Sep. 1969 - Box 58

File 53. Travel expenses for Asia tours, 1968-70 - Box 58

File 54. Miscellaneous travel material - Box 58

Series 15. Cuttings and cutting books, 1902-70

The cuttings and cutting books have been arranged both in chronological order and by subjects. Wherever possible the arrangement of cuttings within the files and the file titles have been preserved by the Library.

File 1. 1902-53 - Folio-Box 2

File 2. 1920-29 - Folio-Box 2

File 3. 1926-27 - Folio-Box 2

File 4-6. 1927-33 - Folio-Box 2

File 7. 1920s-37 - Box 59

File 8. Lord Somers' camp, Anglesea, Vic, 1929-31 - Box 59

File 9. Victorian politics, 1929-34 - Box 59

File 10. 1931-34 - Box 59

File 11. Visit of the Duke of Gloucester to Australia, 1934 - Box 59

File 12. POW (See also Series 1/ File 9, 3 and 7) - Box 59

File 13. 1941-49 - Box 59

File 14. 1948-50 - Folio-Box 3

File 15. 1951-59 - Box 59

File 16. Article on Kent Hughes published in People, 26 Aug. 1953 - Folio-Box 3

File 17. 1955-58 - Folio-Box 3

File 18. 1955-69 - Folio-Box 3

File 19. Defence, 1957-64 - Folio-Box 3

File 20. Foreign Affairs and defence, 1961-64 - Folio-Box 3

File 21. Foreign Affairs, trade and communism, 1955-62 - Folio-Box 4

File 22. Knighthood, 1957 - Folio-Box 4

File 23. 1960-69 - Folio-Box 4

File 24. 1967-70 - Folio-Box 4

File 25. Anzac Day, 1968 - Folio-Box 4

File 26. 1970 - Folio-Box 4

File 27. Undated - Folio-Box 4

Series 16. Invitations and menus, 1931-70

The series comprises invitations to official functions and Liberal Party meetings and menus. Many of them were annotated to show whether or not they were accepted.

File 1. 1931-34 - Box 60

File 2. 1955-65 - Box 60

File 3. 1966 - Box 60

File 4. 1967-68 - Box 60

File 5. Liberal Party meetings, 1969 - Box 60

File 6-9. 1969 - Box 60

File 10. Liberal Party meetings, 1970 - Box 61

File 11. 1970 - Box 61

Series 17. Foreign Affairs Committee, 1956-61

In 1956 R.G. Casey proposed that a Joint Committee be appointed to consider foreign affairs generally and to inquire into matters referred to it by the Minister of External Affairs. It was boycotted by the Opposition and as a result the Committee consisted almost entirely of Government backbenchers from both the House of Representatives and the Senate. Kent Hughes was elected Chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee and held the position until 1961. The series includes correspondence (mostly with R.G Menzies and R.G. Casey), notes, drafts of reports or papers and minutes.

File 1. Correspondence on subjects including the recognition of China, ungary, Antarctica, trade and Taiwan, 1956-60 - Box 61

File 2-3. Drafts of papers and reports written by Kent Hughes, 1950-57 - Box 61

File 4. Extracts of minutes, 1952-58 - Box 61

File 5. Future of the Colombo Plan, 1956-61 - Box 61

File 6. Correspondence, reports and agenda papers, 1957-61 - Box 62

File 7. Notes and reports, 1956-60 - Box 62

File 8. Correspondence (including deserted Japanese wives of Australian servicemen), 1957-59 - Box 62

File 9. Minutes, 1956-57 - Box 62

File 10. Minutes, 1958-59 - Box 62

File 11. Minutes, 1960-61 - Box 62

File 12. Correspondence (mostly with R.G. Casey on West New Guinea) and other papers, 1957-60 - Box 62

File 13. Notes, 1956 - Box 62

File 14. Includes papers on regional economic development, 1956-60 - Box 63

File 15. Staffing diplomatic posts, 1959-60 - Box 63

File 16. Includes correspondence with Massey Stanley, R.G. Casey and Sir Garfield Barwick on citizenship in Papua New Guinea and the Fourth South Pacific Conference in Rabaul, 1956-59 - Box 63

File 17. Correspondence mostly with Fred Chaney and Sir Garfield Barwick on Papua New Guinea, South Pacific, China and Russia, 1960-61 - Box 63

File 18. Undated notes - Box 63

Series 18. Subject files, 1947-69

For most of his life Kent Hughes maintained files on various subject matters. They include some correspondence, cuttings, notes and other papers. The file titles and the arrangement of the papers within them have been preserved by the Library.

File 1. Attitude towards Japan, 1947-53 - Box 63

File 2. Australia's relations with China, 1951-65 - Box 63

File 3. Correspondence relating to Churchill's book on the fall of Singapore entitled Secret session speeches (1946), 1948-49 - Box 63

File 4. Federal-State financial relationships, c.1951 - Box 63

File 5. Foreign Affairs Private Study Group, 1950-51 - Box 64

File 6. Health scheme: correspondence with R.G. Menzies and A.W. Fadden, 1950-51 - Box 64

File 7. Hungary, 1957 - Box 64

File 8. Indonesia and West New Guinea, 1958-62 - Box 64

File 9. Indonesia and West New Guinea, 1963-65 - Box 64

File 10. Japanese Mission's visit to war graves in Papua New Guinea to collect the remains of their families, 1954 - Box 64

File 11. Libel case against the Australian, 1969 - Box 64

File 12. Official history of Australia in the War of 1939-1945: includes correspondence with Gavin Long, 1953-58 - Box 64

File 13. Juro Oki, 1953. Papers relating to Kent Hughes' visit to Dr Oki, who helped him while he was in POW camp in Manchuria - Box 64

File 14. Ratification of the Japanese Peace Treaty by the House of Representatives, 1952 - Box 65

File 15. Rhodes Scholars: correspondence and cuttings, 1914, 1953-69 - Box 65

File 16. Trade with China, 1957-65 - Box 65

File 17. Yarra Bend Park, Melbourne, 1955-68 - Box 65

Series 19. 1956 Melbourne Olympic Games, 1952-68

The Provisional Organising Committee of the 1956 Olympic Games was set up by the Australian Olympic Federation in 1949. Its main responsibility was the selection of venues and liaison with Governments and the Melbourne City Council in relation to the construction of venues and the Olympic Village. An office was opened in 1951 and in that year Kent Hughes became Chairman of the Organising Committee, holding the position until the Committee was wound up in 1958. He was also chairman of the Executive Committee and the Finance and general Purposes Committee, which was formed in 1953 and which met every two weeks or so.

The series comprises correspondence, cuttings, reports and press releases. After the Games, Kent Hughes received many letters from friends, colleagues and the general public the success of the Games. The correspondents include Avery Brundage, Lord Burghley, John T. McGovern, Hugh Weir, H.E. Bolte, Sir Arthur Fadden, Sir Harold Alderson, Lewis Luxton and T. Forristal.

The series also includes a letter from John Ian Wing, a schoolboy from Melbourne. Wing suggested that at the closing ceremony all athletes should walk together rather than as teams and the idea was adopted.

File 1. Correspondence, 1952-53 - Box 65

File 2. Correspondence, 1954-55 - Box 65

File 3. Correspondence, 1956 - Box 65

File 4. Correspondence, 1957-58 - Box 65

File 5. Correspondence with Sir Alexander Cadogan, Chairman of the BBC, relating to broadcasting the Games in the UK, 1957 - Box 66

File 6-7. China and Taiwan, 1955-68 - Box 66

File 8. Cuttings, 1956 - Box 66

File 9-10. Disputes over film and TV coverage, 1954-60 - Box 66

File 11. Lord Burghley, Vice-President of the Executive Committee of the International Olympic Committee, 1953-61 - Box 66

File 12. Correspondence on financial matters, 1957-66 - Box 66

File 13. Hungarian athletes seeking political asylum in Australia and America, 1956-57 - Box 66

File 14. Melbourne University as Olympic village, 1952-54 - Box 67

File 15. Opening speech, press release and other papers, 1952-56 - Box 67

File 16. Reports and statements, 1950-53 - Box 67

File 17. Trouble over Olympic site, 1950-68 - Box 67

File 18. Visit to United States, Holland and Sweden, May - June 1956 - Box 67

File 19. H.R. Weir and Peter Whitchurch, 1952-63 - Box 67

File 20. Copies of letter of John Ian Wing, 1956 (original in the Strong Room) - Box 67

Letter from John Ian Wing to the 1956 Melbourne Olympic Games Committee suggesting that athletes walk together rather than in teams by countries at the closing ceremony
Not Available Online

File 21. Winding up of the Committee, 1957-63 - Box 67

File 22. Letters of congratulations, 1956-57 - Box 67

File 23. Correspondence concerning proposal of Olympic honours and awards, 1956-59 - Box 68

File 24. Kent Hughes' report to the Australian Olympic Federation, 1958 - Box 68

Letter from John Ian Wing to Sir Wilfred Kent Hughes, thanking him for accepting his suggestion that athletes at the Olympic Games closing ceremony walk together as a single group, not by nation.

Not Available Online

Series 20. Sporting events and associations, 1920-72

The series includes cuttings and cutting books, correspondence and some photographs relating to various sporting events and associations. The cutting books date back from Kent Hughes' Oxford days and they include cuttings of his own participation in various sporting events (For other sporting photographs see Series 4).

File 1-2. Asian Games in Japan, including photograph and a diary kept during the visit, 1958 - Box 68

File 3. Asian Games in Jakarta, 1962 - Box 68

File 4. British Empire and Commonwealth Games in Perth, 1962 - Box 68

File 5. Bronze plaques for former Olympic gold medallists - Box 68

In 1972 the Victorian Government commissioned a memorial Bronze plaques to commemorate Kent Hughes' services to amateur sport. Replicas of the plaques were awarded to former Olympic gold medallists: Herb Elliott, Ralph Doubell, the late Russell Mockridge (received by his wife, Irene), Tony Marchant and Ian Browne. The papers include note and cuttings.

File 6. Cutting book, 1920-22 - Box 68

File 7. Cuttings, 1920-22 - Box 69

File 8. Olympic Committee, Hong Kong, 1955 - Box 69

File 9. Olympic Games in Helsinki, 1952 - Box 69

File 10-12. Olympic Games in Tokyo, 1964 - Box 69

File 13. Victorian Amateur Athletic Association, 1950-63 - Box 69

File 14. Victorian Olympic Council (Kent Hughes was President of the Council) correspondence, 1968 - Box 69

File 15-17. Miscellaneous papers, 1957-64 - Box 69

Series 21. Writings by Kent Hughes, 1920s-70

Through out his life, Kent Hughes wrote a great number of stories, essays, articles and poems, but most of them were not published. The series comprises handwritten manuscripts and typescripts of his writings. For papers relating to his published book, Slaves of the samurai, see Series 8.

File 1-3. Drafts of 'East: far or near' - Box 70

File 4. History essay - Box 71

File 5. Drafts of 'Peter Rutland' - Box 71

File 6. Drafts of 'Summer in the Jordan Valley' - Box 71

File 7. Corrected typescripts of 'Through the slip-rails' - Box 72

File 8-9. Drafts of poems, 1920s-66 - Box 72

File 10-11. Drafts of essays and articles, 1936-38 - Box 72

File 12. Drafts of essays and articles, 1948-49 - Box 73

File 13. Drafts of essays and articles, 1950s-59 - Box 73

File 14-16. Drafts of essays and articles, 1960-70 - Box 73

File 18-20. Miscellaneous drafts, n.d - Box 74

Series 22. Miscellaneous items, 1922-70

The series includes personal items (such as passports, health books), news letters, poems sent to Kent Hughes by friends and an emu feather.

File 1. Miscellaneous photocopies - Box 74

File 2. Notes, mostly on financial matters, c.1922-31 - Box 74

File 3. Passports and health books, 1919-68 - Box 74

File 4-6. Miscellaneous papers and personal items, 1963-70 - Box 74

File 7. A.I.F. Malayan Nursing Fund, 1945-60 - Box 75

File 8. Papers and copies of Ex-POWs' newsletter 'Chit Chat, 1949-69 - Box 75

File 9. Printed Liberal Party material - Box 75

File 10. Minutes of meetings of the Liquor club, 1924-25 - Box 75

File 11. Papers of the Melbourne Beefsteak club, 1953-70 - Box 75

File 12. Poems by friends - Box 75

File 13. An emu feather - Box 75

File 14-17. Miscellaneous items - Folio-Box 5

Series 23. Printed material, 1913-70 - Box 76-77

The series includes papers relating to the Intelligence digest (1953-70), index and copies of Intelligence bulletin (1958-69), copies of The (old) Melburnians (1913-23) and other printed material.

(5 bundles and 1 box)

Series 24. Papers of Lady Kent Hughes, 1922-86

Kent Hughes wrote many letters to his wife while he was in the POW camps and on his overseas visits. Some of the letters have been transcribed and, in some cases, the Library only holds the transcripts.

The series also includes letters of condolence, cuttings of obituaries and tributes to Kent Hughes.

File 1. Transcripts of Kent Hughes' letters, 1922-28 - Box 78

File 2. Transcripts of Kent Hughes' letters, 1934 - Box 78

File 3. Letters and messages sent by Kent Hughes through a Tokyo radio station while he was in POW camps, 1942-44 - Box 78

File 4. Letters from POW camps, c.1943 - Box 78

File 5. Letters from the Record Office of the Australian Military Forces containing news of Kent Hughes and letters and telegrams sent by Kent Hughes after Liberation, 1942-45 - Box 78

File 6. Original and transcripts of Kent Hughes' letters written from Mukden and Morotai, Aug. - Oct. 1945 - Box 78

File 7. Letters from Kent Hughes and Lady Kent Hughes, written from United States and UK, to Mr and Mrs Kerr, 1946 - Box 78

File 8. Kent Hughes' letters from South East Asia, 1968 - Box 78

File 9-11. Letters of condolence from family and friends, 1970-71 - Box 79

File 12. Letters of condolence from the armed services, 1970 - Box 79

File 13. Letters of condolence from political friends and colleagues, 1970 - Box 79

File 14. Letters of condolence from sporting organisations, 1970 - Box 79

File 15. Order of service and other papers, 1970 - Box 79

File 16-19. Cuttings of obituaries and tributes, 1970-71 - Box 79

File 20. Correspondence of Lady Kent Hughes, 1970-86 - Box 80

File 21. Financial papers, 1970-74 - Box 80

Series 25. Papers of Dr Wilfred Kent Hughes, 1917

Dr Wilfred Kent Hughes was the father of Sir Wilfrid. During World War I, he was appointed as Chief Surgeon to the Anglo-Russian Hospital in Petrograd. This small series comprises the account of his journey to Russia, via Norway and Sweden, in 1917 and his passport.

His correspondence with Sir Wilfrid is in Series 1/ Files 5-6.

File 1. Papers of Dr Wilfred Kent Hughes, 1917 - Box 80

Series 26. Kent Hughes: a biography by Frederick Howard, 1970-72

Frederick Howard's book, Kent Hughes: a biography, was published by Macmillan in 1972. In researching for the biography, Howard corresponded with some of Kent Hughes' friends, including Edmund J. Lilly Jr. and Sir James Pitman. The series also includes drafts of the book.

File 1-2. Correspondence about the research and publication of the book, 1970-72 - Box 80

File 3-8. Drafts - Box 81

File 9-12. Mailing list, design for the dust jacket and other papers - Box 81

Series 27. Audiovisual

Item 1. No 2. Start Out. Kent. Hughes + Wentworth. Magnetic. Full Track. A [moving image film] - Piece NLA.MS-SAV000045

Item 2. REPRINT KEM (KENT?) HUGHES INTERVIEW. B [moving image film] - Piece NLA.MS-SAV000046

Item 3. [W.S. Kent Hughes recording 1 of 2] [audio magnetic reel] - Piece NLA.MS-SAV000047

Item 4. [W.S. Kent Hughes recording 2 of 2] [audio magnetic reel] - Piece NLA.MS-SAV000048

Item 5. [W.S. Kent Hughes recording] [audio magnetic reel] - Piece NLA.MS-SAV000049