National Library of Australia
Created: November 1989
Please refer to the collection's catalogue record (http://nla.gov.au/nla.cat-vn552272) for the access conditions.
Copying and publishing of unpublished manuscript material is subject to copyright restrictions. For such material, written permission to publish must be obtained from the copyright holder(s). Copying of unpublished material for research purposes is permissible 50 years after the death of the creator of the material.
Items from this collection should be cited as '[Title or description of manuscript item], Papers of Ralph and Dorothy Gibson, National Library of Australia, MS 7844, [box number and series and/or file number]'.
These papers were acquired by the National Library between 1983 and 1989.
There are also Ralph Gibson papers held by the University of Melbourne Archives.
Dorothy Gibson (nee Alexander) was born in 1899, the daughter of a businessman. She graduated from the University of Melbourne and spent time teaching in Cambridge and Moscow. On her return to Australia in the 1930s she joined the Communist Party of Australia and married Ralph Gibson.
Ralph Gibson (1906-1989) was born in England, and was the son of a Professor of Philosophy who later taught at Melbourne University. In 1932 Ralph gave up his academic career to work full time for the Communist Party.
After their marriage Ralph and Dorothy devoted the rest of their lives to the CPA, remaining loyal to it through all its splits and upheavals. They were also active in the peace movement through all this time. Ralph wrote a number of books and pamphlets on communism and the couple visited the Soviet Union on a number of occasions. In the 1940s Dorothy organised the Australia-Soviet Friendship League. After Dorothy's death in 1978 Ralph wrote One woman's life: a memoir of Dorothy Gibson, published in 1980.
Including: Pamphlets, cuttings, articles on E. Kisch, program of 1936 Brussels Congress of International Peace Plan, notes for speakers at Congress, photographs.
Including: Pamphlets, leaflets, circulars, lists of office-bearers, constitution, cuttings, minutes of special meeting (12 November 1945), correspondence, notes.
Including: Programs, circulars, minutes, lists of speakers.
Including: Notes by Gibson of visit to Brussels Peace Congress (1936), Europe and Russia (1953), China and Russia (1960), India (1964), Russia and India (1967).
Including: Draft articles by Gibson, correspondence with E. Ross and W. Brown.
Including: Manuscripts of speeches by Gibson, 1960s-1980s, on Soviet policy, policies of Communist Party of Australia, Labor Party and United Front, Czechoslovakia, Vietnam War, Bangladesh and other subjects.
Including: Slips containing cuttings or notes for a projected work on struggle of ideas in the 1960s. Headings include Brown-Aarons struggle, Czechoslovakia debate, French communist policy, Sartre, Frankfurt School, Yugoslav line, Vietnam Moratorium, trade unions, student movement, international differences.
Including: Reviews and correspondence on My years in the Communist Party (1966), Soviet foreign policy 1917-1974 (1976), One woman's life; a memoir of Dorothy Gibson (1980) and The people stand up (1984). Correspondents include W. Gollan, W. Brown, L. Aarons, L. Churchward, W. Stone, Myra Roper, H. Anderson, Marjorie Pizer, J. Blake, L. Fox, R. Lockwood, A. Marshall, S. Murray-Smith.
Including: Cuttings of obituaries of many figures of the Left, including P. Clancy, W. McMahon Ball, N. Counihan, J. Waten, Helen Palmer, L. Sharkey, E. Elliot, Jessie Street, R. Mortimer, P. Troy. Also few replies to letters of condolence and manuscript of oration at funeral of Sally Barker.
Including: Autobiographical manuscripts, certificate of registration as teacher (1924), St. Andrew's Collegian (1927), photographs of Inverness, testimonials (1930-1932), proposal for activity school (c. 1932), D. Gibson. How I came to work for peace (1973).
Including: Letters of Dorothy Alexander to her family describing conditions in Russia (11 letters), cuttings.
Including: Letters, cuttings, photographs on peace campaigns.
Including: Detailed diaries, notebooks, copy of letter to friends in Melbourne.
Including: Note of National Congress of C.P.A., Australian Assembly for Peace and other bodies, mainly 1960s.
Including: Manuscripts and cuttings on philosophy, Vietnam, Soviet Union, civil liberties, South Africa, and other subjects, mostly 1960s and 1970s.
Including: Letters of R. Gibson to Dorothy Gibson (May-December. 1960) from China and Russia (24 letters).
Including: Notes, programs, cuttings
Including: Detailed diaries, notebooks, talks.
Including: Letters, telegrams, photograph.
Approx. 80 letters. Mostly 1960s and 1970s. Correspondents include A. Marshall, S. Murray-Smith and Aileen Palmer.