Guide to the Papers of Gordon Hannington Luce

MS 6574

National Library of Australia

Collection Summary

Title
Papers of Gordon Hannington Luce
Date Range
c.1912-1978
Collection Number
MS 6574
Extent
7.84 metres (57 boxes + 6 folio boxes + 1 map folio)
Language of Materials
English
Repository
National Library of Australia

Introduction

Scope and Contents

The books and papers of Gordon H. Luce, the eminent scholar of Burmese history, were purchased from his family in 1980, one year after his death. Further additional papers were received in 1985 and 1987.

The papers include drafts of his magnum opus, Old Burma - Early Pagan (3 vols.) and also of his second main work Phases of Pre-Pagan Burma, published posthumously in 1985 (2 vols.). Another important group comprises word tables, word charts, word lists and card indexes, comparing the languages of Burma with the classical traditions of China and India, as well as cognate languages of the region. Many of these word lists have never been published. There are also lectures and articles and some diaries and notebooks.

Although much of Luce's earlier correspondence was lost, the collection contains over 1,500 letters received by him, as well as drafts of his own letters to friends and colleagues. The correspondents include well known historians and South East Asian scholars such as D.G.E. Hall, Oliver W. Wolters, G.E. Harvey, A.B. Griswold, Charles Otto Blagden and some Burmese writers and academics. Family letters include letters from his wife Daw Tee Tee, who did valuable social welfare work in Burma setting up and running a Home for Waifs and Strays. There are also letters to and from Luce's sister Dr Ethel Luce-Clausen and Luce's children, John Luce and Sandra Harding.

Some material on Luce, his life and writings are also in the collection, like the special issue of New Burma Weekly, v.4. no.4 (24 Jan. 1959) in honour of his 70th birthday, reviews of his book Old Burma - Early Pagan and bibliographies of his work, such as DrThan Tun's 'Luce's Contribution to Burmese History'. There are also a few pamphlets and articles on Mrs Luce (Daw Tee Tee) and her work.

Luce collected many articles on South East Asia by scholars, mainly on history, culture and languages, and offprints and photocopies are in the collection. Finally, there are papers he gave or heard at conferences and some newspaper cuttings on Burmese history and archaeology.

Apart from history, Luce had wide interests ranging from classical music, poetry, classical and English literature and the translation of the Bible into Asian languages. These interests are reflected in some of the material in the Luce Papers.

Unfortunately, Luce lost his earlier collection of research materials during the Second World War: readings of old lithic inscriptions and card indexes to Chinese, Mon, Burmese and Pyu languages, as well as his earlier letters, diaries and notes. The present collection therefore does not have much material from the period 1912 to 1941.

Luce was a member of the Bloomsbury group of scholars and writers: friends from Cambridge and London included Rupert Brooke, E.M. Forster, John Maynard Keynes, Arthur Waley and others. Only some letters of E.M. Forster and Arthur and Hubert Waley survive in the collection.

U Thaw Kaung, formerly Chief Librarian, Universities Central Library, Rangoon, was awarded a 1999 Harold White Fellowship at the National Library. He arranged and listed the papers and manuscripts of G.H. Luce and was the compiler of this finding-aid.

Conditions Governing Access

Please refer to the collection's catalogue record for the access conditions (http://nla.gov.au/nla.cat-vn662497).

Conditions Governing Use

Copying and publishing of unpublished manuscript material is subject to copyright restrictions. For such material, written permission to publish must be obtained from the copyright holder(s). Copying of unpublished material for research purposes is permissible 50 years after the death of the creator of the material.

Preferred Citation

Items from this collection should be cited as '[Title or description of manuscript item], Papers of Gordon Hannington Luce, National Library of Australia, MS 6574, [box number and series and/or file number]'.

Biographical Note

Gordon Hannington Luce was born in Gloucester, England, on 20 January 1889. He was educated at Dean Close's School, Cheltenham, and Cambridge University, where he read Classics and English Literature. In 1912 he was appointed Lecturer in English Literature at Rangoon College in Burma, which became the main University College when the University of Rangoon was established in December 1920. He soon developed a strong interest in Burmese culture and history and from 1916 onwards published numerous articles on Burmese history, language, art and antiquities. His writings mostly appeared in the Journal of the Burma Research Society, published by the premier research society on Burmese Studies established in 1911. He became a close friend of U Pe Maung Tin, a prominent Burmese and Pali scholar, and later the Professor of Oriental Studies, Principal of University College and Chairman of the Burma Historical Commission. Luce was a founder member of this Historical Commission. He married U Pe Maung Tin's sister, Daw Tee Tee, in 1915.

In 1921 Luce was appointed a Lecturer in Burmese and Far Eastern History at the newly-established University of Rangoon. Daw Tee Tee set up the Home for Waifs and Strays in Rangoon in 1928. The Luces escaped from Burma in 1942 by trekking overland to India, recording languages en route. Luce retired from the Indian Education Service in 1944 and returned to Rangoon after the War. Luce was Visiting Professor at the School of Oriental and African Studies at the University of London from 1951-53 and was given a personal Chair at the University of Rangoon in 1953. In 1957 the University of Rangoon awarded him an Honorary D. Litt. for his life-long contributions to the study of Burmese history.

Luce was forced to leave Burma in 1964 and he and his wife settled on his sister's farm in Jersey in the Channel Islands. He continued to write on Burmese history and language and art and architecture. His great work Old Burma - Early Pagan was published in 1969-70. He was awarded the CBE in 1952 and the Gold Medal of the Royal Asiatic Society in 1966. He was invited to Paris in 1967 and 1968 to deliver a series of lectures on Old Burma. To the end of his life he maintained correspondence with scholars all over the world and was visited by old and new colleagues. He died on 2 May 1979.

Luce, together with his collegues and friends D.G.E. Hall, G.E. Harvey and a few others brought modern methods of Western historiography and epigraphy to the writing of Burmese history and exerted a big influence on later historians of Burma. But he was often criticised and attacked by the “old school” of Burmese historians who accepted the Burmese chronicles, even though they were legendary in many parts.

See also 'Burma and Beyond', by Andrew Gosling, National Library of Australia news, October 1996: 3-5.

Item Descriptions

Series 1. General Correspondence, 1922-79 Show allonly 1

There are over 1,500 letters written to Luce by relatives, scholars and friends over a period of 57 years, from 1922 to 1979 (in 92 Files). Only 8 Files are from the period 1912 to 1945, as Luce lost all his library, his research notes and letters during the Second World War. So although Luce had been closely connected in his younger days with eminent English intellectuals and writers, only a few letters from

E.M. Forster (File 56), Eric Blair ('George Orwell') (File 5), Arthur Waley and Hubert Waley have survived. There are also some letters of Maurice Collis, who wrote many books on Burma.

Among the correspondents are South East Asian scholars such as D.G.E. Hall (who was a colleague of Luce in the University of Rangoon before World War II), Professor Oliver W. Wolters, Charles Otto Blagden, H.L. Shorto, J.A. Stewart, H.G. Quaritch Wales, Dr Eugenie J.A. Henderson, Denise Bernot, Isaline B. Horner, Paul Wheatley, G.E. Harvey, Alexander B. Griswold and Dr Pamela Gutman. There are letters from well-known Burmese scholars and writers like U Pe Maung Tin, U Tet Htoot, U Thein Han (pen-name Zawgyi), U Wun (pen-name Minthuwun), U Kaung (first Chairman of the Burma Historical Commission), Dr Htin Aung, Dr Daw Thin Kyi, U Thant (later Secretary-General of the United Nations), U Tin Htway, U Lu Pe Win, U Aung Thaw, U Bo Kay, Nai Pan Hla and others. Luce also corresponded with the Burma Research Society, the Burma Historical Commission, the British and Foreign Bible Society, the Royal Asiatic Society and other organizations.

Through his knowledge of all areas of old Burmese culture, Luce was able to elucidate many matters, answer thousands of questions with patience and erudition, and place the history of Burma in the context of wider South East Asia and its neighbours.

In this series there are also many drafts of Luce's own letters to relatives, friends and scholars. Of special note are two interesting series of letters. In 1944-45 he corresponded with the Allied Military Authorities to spare Pagan, Mandalay and other prominent historical sites of Burma from bombing and other destructive shelling during the 'Reconquest' of Burma. The second series, dating from 1945-46, is his correspondence with the Military Administration Authorities and the Burma Office in London, trying to trace his library of precious manuscripts and rare books. The collection, which included Chinese and Tibetan material and 25 years of research notes compiled in Rangoon University Library, was taken to Japan during the War.

Some notes and short articles by Luce and others are attached to some of the letters. For example, there is a note entitled 'Old Burma Research', dated 22 May 1970, attached to a letter in Burmese by U Tin Htway dated 24 June 1970 (File 58) and an article 'The Wedding of Aung San Suu Kyi and Michael Vaillancourt Aris on New Year's Day 1972', by Lord Gore-Booth, attached to a letter sent by Gore-Booth to Luce on 14 January 1972 (File 63).

File 1. 1922-29 - Box 1 Show allonly 1

File 2. 1930-41 - Box 1 Show allonly 1

File 3. 1942 - Box 1 Show allonly 1

File 4-5. 1943 - Box 1 Show allonly 1

File 6. 1944 - Box 1 Show allonly 1

File 7-8. 1945 - Box 1, 2 Show allonly 1

File 9-11. 1946 - Box 2 Show allonly 1

File 12-13. 1947 - Box 2 Show allonly 1

File 14-15. 1948 - Box 2, 3 Show allonly 1

File 16. 1949 - Box 3 Show allonly 1

File 17-18. 1950 - Box 3 Show allonly 1

File 19-22. 1951 - Box 3, 4 Show allonly 1

File 23-25. 1952 - Box 4 Show allonly 1

File 26-27. 1953 - Box 4 Show allonly 1

File 28. 1954 - Box 4 Show allonly 1

File 29. 1955 - Box 5 Show allonly 1

File 30. 1956 - Box 5 Show allonly 1

File 31. 1957 - Box 5 Show allonly 1

File 32. 1958 - Box 5 Show allonly 1

File 33. 1959 - Box 5 Show allonly 1

File 34. 1960 - Box 5 Show allonly 1

File 35. 1961 - Box 5 Show allonly 1

File 36. 1962 - Box 5 Show allonly 1

File 37. 1963 - Box 6 Show allonly 1

File 38-42. 1964 - Box 6 Show allonly 1

File 43-45. 1965 - Box 6, 7 Show allonly 1

File 46-48. 1966 - Box 7 Show allonly 1

File 49-51. 1967 - Box 7 Show allonly 1

File 52-55. 1968 - Box 8 Show allonly 1

File 56-57. 1969 - Box 8 Show allonly 1

File 58-59. 1970 - Box 8, 9 Show allonly 1

File 60-62. 1971 - Box 9 Show allonly 1

File 63-66. 1972 - Box 9, 10 Show allonly 1

File 67-69. 1973 - Box 10 Show allonly 1

File 70-72. 1974 - Box 10 Show allonly 1

File 73-75. 1975 - Box 11 Show allonly 1

File 76. 1976 - Box 11 Show allonly 1

File 77-78. 1977 - Box 11 Show allonly 1

File 79-81. 1978 - Box 11, 12 Show allonly 1

File 82. 1979 - Box 12 Show allonly 1

File 83. Condolence letters and cards, 1979 - Box 12 Show allonly 1

File 84. Correspondence regarding the Festschrift in honour of Professor D.G.E. Hall, 1971-75 - Box 12 Show allonly 1

File 85. Burmese Dictionary – correspondence 1943-52, printed material and related notes - Box 12 Show allonly 1

File 86. Correspondence on World War II, 1943-50 – cultural losses to Burma - Box 12 Show allonly 1

File 87. Mainly Old Burma correspondence 1960-62 (A.B. Griswold) - Box 13 Show allonly 1

File 88-89. General correspondence - undated - Box 13 Show allonly 1

File 90. General correspondence - undated (probably 1960s) - Box 13 Show allonly 1

File 91. General correspondence - undated (1960s or 1970s) - Box 13 Show allonly 1

File 92. General correspondence - undated (some possibly as early as 1966) - Box 13 Show allonly 1

Series 2. Diaries, Notebooks and Personal Documents Show allonly 1

Luce left some small appointment diaries of the period 1945 to 1966. The pre-war diaries were probably lost during the Second World War. There are only a few pages of a diary written in pencil during the evacuation journey from Burma to India in 1942. There are no extensive or fuller diaries in the collection.

The notebooks cover a number of subjects in which Luce was interested, especially Pagan history and languages of Burma and neighbouring countries. Other subjects include Burmese history, culture, art, architecture and Chinese. There are also some notes on Western classical music, English literature, old cathedrals and churches of Gloucestershire and Jersey.

The notes are in two forms, being either written in small notebooks and some larger exercise books, or written on loose leaves of paper.

The personal documents include Luce's Appointment Order to the Indian Education Service in 1912, service records, stay permits for foreigners in Burma, Retirement Order, Termination Order of Service with the University of Rangoon and the Burma Historical Commission in 1966 and other important records.

File 1. Diary, notes, correspondence 1942 – Luce's departure from Burma - Box 14 Show allonly 1

File 2. Diaries (7) – 1945, 1946, 1950-53, 1966 - Box 14 Show allonly 1

File 3-4. Notebooks - Box 14 Show allonly 1

File 5. Notebook entitled 'Old Thai' - Box 14 Show allonly 1

File 6. Note-book and exercise books entitled 'Taungthu : St. John's Gospel' - Box 14 Show allonly 1

File 7. Notes on architecture and historical inscriptions. Jottings, draft of History of Burma - Box 14 Show allonly 1

File 8. Research notes – Chinese - Box 15 Show allonly 1

File 9-10. 4 notebooks containing vocabularies, notes on readings, language tones and other notes - Box 15 Show allonly 1

Two of the notebooks are entitled 'Arakan tour Apr 23rd-May 1963' and 'Danaw Nov 8th-18th 1963'

File 11. Notes of field research trips, 1958 - Box 15 Show allonly 1

File 12-13. Pagan field research - Box 15 Show allonly 1

File 14. Sri Bisanannarac plaques - notes, typescript, correspondence, 1977-78 - Box 15 Show allonly 1

File 15. Miscellaneous handwritten and typed notes - Box 16 Show allonly 1

File 16. Personal documents - Box 16 Show allonly 1

File 17. Certificates, history of service and other personal documents - Box 16 Show allonly 1

Series 3. Old Burma-Early Pagan Show allonly 1

Luce's magnum opus was published in 1969-70 in three volumes by Artibus Asiae and the Institute of Fine Arts, New York University. Luce's life-work on the history, iconography and architecture of Pagan is in vol. 1 (text). Based on lithic inscriptions and other primary sources, it radically changed the history as presented in the Burmese chronicles. He acknowledged the assistance of Bo-hmu (i.e. Colonel) Ba Shin, U Tin Oo (for the photographs in vol. 3 ) and the staff of the Burma Historical Commission and the Burma Archaeological Department.

This comprehensive work remains the only scholarly research treatise on Pagan (now spelt Bagan), although there are now a number of more popular books. Vol. 1 (text) is in three parts: Part A. History, chapters I to VII, pp. 1-128; Part B. Iconography, chapters VIII to XI, pp.129-227 and Part C. Architecture, chapters XII to XX, pp.228-422. The manuscripts show these parts as I, II and III.

Files have sometimes been labelled just as “Old Burma” or “Early Pagan”, rather than the full title.

The entire manuscript has been preserved, with corrections and additions. There are also proof copies and correspondence relating to this work. Reviews of this work can be found in Series 9, File 2.

The work was reviewed by U Lu Pe Win (retired Director-General of Archaeology, Burma), in Journal of the Burma Research Society, vol. LIV, parts I and II (Dec. 1971), pp.1-30. Some critical reviews, for example one by Katika U Thet Tin, are also in the collection.

File 1-13. Exercise books - Drafts of Old Burma - Box 16, 17 Show allonly 1

File 14-15. 2 exercise books - Drafts of Old Burma - Early Pagan - Box 17 Show allonly 1

File 16-21. 6 exercise books entitled 'Catalogue of plates' - Box 17 Show allonly 1

File 22. Notebook entitled 'Supplementary plates for Old Burma. 1963 Sept' - Box 17 Show allonly 1

File 23. Notebook entitled '2nd supplement. Plates for Old Pagan. 1964 March' - Box 17 Show allonly 1

File 24-25. Old Burma - Early Pagan Part I. History (handwritten manuscripts) - Box 18 Show allonly 1

File 26. Old Burma - Early Pagan Part II. Iconography (handwritten manuscripts) - Box 18 Show allonly 1

File 27-29. Old Burma - Early Pagan Part III. Architecture manuscript - Box 18 Show allonly 1

File 30. Old Burma - Early Pagan. Errata et corrigenda; Frontispiece vol. 2 - photograph and offprints - Box 18 Show allonly 1

File 31. Old Burma - Early Pagan. Offprints of some plates - Box 18 Show allonly 1

File 32-33. Old Burma - Early Pagan. Catalogue of plates - Box 19 Show allonly 1

File 34-35. Old Burma - Early Pagan Maps and map lists; printed material and notes - Box 19 Show allonly 1

File 36-40. Early Pagan Vol I. Personal (White) - Box 19, 20 Show allonly 1

File 41-42. Early Pagan Vol. I. Personal (Red) - Box 20 Show allonly 1

File 43-45. Early Pagan Vol.II. Personal (Incomplete) - Box 20 Show allonly 1

File 46-47. Early Pagan Vol.II. Personal (Red) - Box 21 Show allonly 1

File 48. Old Burma - Early Pagan (Personal finalized proofs) - Box 21 Show allonly 1

File 49-53. Early Pagan Vol. I. Press (White) - Box 21, 22 Show allonly 1

File 54-55. Early Pagan Vol. I. Press (Red) - Box 22 Show allonly 1

File 56-58. Early Pagan Vol. II. Press (Incomplete) - Box 22 Show allonly 1

File 59-60. Early Pagan Vol. II. Press (Red) - Box 22, 23 Show allonly 1

File 61. Vol. II. Press. Botanical index. Old Burma Calendar - Box 23 Show allonly 1

File 62-65. Glossaries and language charts - Box 23 Show allonly 1

File 66. Correspondence re Old Burma printing ,1955-69 (many letters from A.B. Griswold) - Box 23 Show allonly 1

File 67-72. Plates - Box 24 Show allonly 1

File 73. Pagan votive tablets - Box 24 Show allonly 1

File 73. List of plates, etc. for Old Burma - Box 24 Show allonly 1

File 74. Hmawza Votive tablets. - Box 25 Show allonly 1

File 74. Sri Ksetra bronzes – list. - Box 25 Show allonly 1

File 74. Printing instructions and correspondence on Old Burma re plates. - Box 25 Show allonly 1

File 74. Instructions for the press concerning plates for Old Burma. - Box 25 Show allonly 1

File 74. Notebook titled 'Photography : exposures' (also contains mini diary of 1947 field trip) - Box 25 Show allonly 1

File 75. Old Burma handwritten notes - Box 25 Show allonly 1

File 76. Miscellaneous papers - Box 25 Show allonly 1

File 77. Reviews of book - Box 25 Show allonly 1

Series 4. Phases of Pre-Pagan Burma Show allonly 1

This book was based on lectures delivered by Luce in 1966 at the Ecole des Langues Orientales Vivente at Paris. Having published Old Burma - Early Pagan in 1969-70, he had intended to complete similar works on the earlier and later periods. Phases of Pre-Pagan Burma was still incomplete when he died in 1979 and it was subsequently edited by Dr Eugenie Henderson. The work, including numerous word lists, was published posthumously in two volumes in 1985 by Oxford University Press and the School of Oriental and African Studies at the University of London

The eight chapters of the text (vol. 1) cover Southern Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Annam, Karens, Sak-Kantu (Thet-Kadu), Tircul, Pyu, Piao, Kyan (Chin), Mru and K'umi (N. Arakan), and Burma-Lolo.

Luce compared old Burma to the moon: one can see phases of the ancient history only and not the complete picture. “But it may yield partial glimpses of various phases of genuine history. In particular, it may show that some half-forgotten peoples, still surviving in remote corners of the hills, are not just primitive barbarians, but are, in reality, the fathers of Burma's civilization as it is to-day.” (Luce from Preface dated Nov. 1972.)

Up to now, this is the only work which provides a comprehensive survey of the early languages of Burma.

File 1-3. Phases of Old Burma. MS - Box 25 Show allonly 1

File 4. Plate references. Word list: Pali/Mon. - Box 26 Show allonly 1

File 4. Catalogue of plates. Notes (handwritten) - Box 26 Show allonly 1

File 5. Short index of plates. - Box 26 Show allonly 1

File 5. Short index of 100 plates and catalogue with full description - Box 26 Show allonly 1

File 6. Languages and history. Photocopy. - Box 26 Show allonly 1

File 6. Questionnaire d'Auteur - Box 26 Show allonly 1

File 7. Correspondence re Tibeto-Chinese language charts, 1970-73 - Box 26 Show allonly 1

File 8. Manuscript draft (in file) - Box 26 Show allonly 1

File 9-11. Edited typescript (159 pp.) - Box 26, 27 Show allonly 1

File 12. Cards for Chinese index - Box 27 Show allonly 1

File 13-14. Catalogue of plates (pp. 160-295) - Box 27 Show allonly 1

File 15. Language charts, notes and other papers - Box 27 Show allonly 1

File 16-18. Language charts (see also folios 23-26) - Box 27, 28 Show allonly 1

File 19-20. Comparative word lists including Old Burmese, Chinese and Tibetan - Box 28 Show allonly 1

File 21. Comparative word lists: Old, Middle and Late Mon - Box 28 Show allonly 1

File 21. Mon, Modern Mon, Old Khmer and Modern Khmer - Box 28 Show allonly 1

File 21. Typescript 'Old Mon and Austroasiatic' - Box 28 Show allonly 1

File 22. Comparative word lists: Hpun, Atsi, Maru and Lisu - Box 28 Show allonly 1

File 22. Modern and Old Burmese, Archaic Chinese and Tibetan - Box 28 Show allonly 1

File 22. Old, Middle and Late Mon - Box 28 Show allonly 1

Series 5. Other Manuscripts of Luce Show allonly 1

Luce left behind manuscripts of several talks and lectures and papers read at seminars and conferences, of which some are still unpublished. He spoke at the three annual Mon Conferences in Rangoon and Moulmein during the years 1954 to 1956 and these talks also remain unpublished.

There are also three important lectures on Pagan and early Burmese history that he gave to the commanding officers of the Burma Army at the Annual Conference of the Defence Services in Rangoon in 1956. They are also unpublished. This series contains various manuscripts of Luce, such as book reviews and short essays on various aspects of early Burmese history.

File 1-2. 'Myinkaba Kubyauk-gyi'. Typescript proofs at different stages - Box 28, 29 Show allonly 1

File 3-5. Bulletin II. Burma Historical Commission. 'Myinkaba Kubyauk-gyi' - Box 29 Show allonly 1

File 6. Indo-Aryan vocabulary and index. - Box 29 Show allonly 1

File 6. Notes on the history of Burma. Birds eye view of the history of Burma. - Box 29 Show allonly 1

File 7-8. 'Pagan Wetkyi-ia Kubyuak-gyi' for Artibus Asiae, vol. XXXI, 8 Oct 1971 - Box 29 Show allonly 1

File 9. Burmese glossary - Box 30 Show allonly 1

File 10. Proposed Burmese museum - Box 30 Show allonly 1

File 11. Shans of Burma - Box 30 Show allonly 1

File 12. Language exercise books - Box 30 Show allonly 1

File 13. 'A century of progress in Burmese history and archaeology'. MS. - Box 30 Show allonly 1

File 14. 'Sources of early Burma history'. Photocopy, drafts, correspondence, 1974 (article for Professor D.G.E. Hall's festschrift, Southeast Asian history and historiography : essays presented to D.G.E. Hall) - Box 30 Show allonly 1

File 15. 'Parable of the prodigal son' and 'Nursery rhyme'. -Translation into Riang-Lang. Notes, offprints, related correspondence, 1970 - Box 30 Show allonly 1

File 16. 'Kamram/Kamlam/Kamalanka'. MS, typescript and offprint. - Box 31 Show allonly 1

File 16. MS, marked proofs and offprints for entry in Two Sino-Tibeto-Burmese notes - Box 31 Show allonly 1

File 17-18. 'A 15th Century inscription and library at Pagan, Burma' (co-author Tin Htway) for Malasakera volume. MS, typescript, correspondence, 1973-76 - Box 31 Show allonly 1

File 19. 'Pagan. Buddhist capital of Burma in the 11th-13th centuries, AD'. MS, typescript - Box 31 Show allonly 1

File 20. 'Aspects of Pagan history - later period'. MS, typescript and offprint. - Box 31 Show allonly 1

File 20. Pagan guide book. MS, correspondence, 1954 - Box 31 Show allonly 1

File 21. 'The career of Htilaing Min (Kyanzittha), the Uniter of Burma'. MS, typescript, galley proofs, offprint and related correspondence, 1966 - Box 31 Show allonly 1

File 22. 'Introduction to the comparative study of Karen languages'. Typescript. 'Burma languages'. MS and offprint - Box 31 Show allonly 1

File 23. 'The advent of Buddhism to Burma'. MS, corrected proofs, correspondence, 1973-75 - Box 32 Show allonly 1

File 24. 'Rice and religion : a study of old Mon – Khmer evolution and culture' in File (lectures for Siam Society, Bangkok, March 1963). MS, typescript and notebook - Box 32 Show allonly 1

File 25. 'Old Kyaukse and the comings of the Burmans'. MS, notes and correspondence, 1959 - Box 32 Show allonly 1

File 26-31. Common form in Burma Chin languages. MS, typescripts, exercise books - Box 32, 33 Show allonly 1

File 32. 'The Early Syam in Burma's history'. Abstract and related material. - Box 33 Show allonly 1

File 32. Correspondence between Luce and the Siam Society, the British Embassy, Prince Dhaninvat of Thailand and others, 1956-63. - Box 33 Show allonly 1

File 32. 'Ballad of Aniruddha' - Box 33 Show allonly 1

File 33. 'Peoples of Old Burma', 1967-69 (lecture). Includes correspondence with A.E. Mourant, 1969-70 - Box 33 Show allonly 1

File 34-36. Lectures at School of Oriental and Asian Studies (University of London) on Burma languages - Box 33 Show allonly 1

File 37. 'Danaw', 1963 - Box 34 Show allonly 1

File 38. 'Some old references to the south of Burma and Ceylon'. MS, typescript and offprint. - Box 34 Show allonly 1

File 38. Mons of the Pagan dynasty. MS and typescript - Box 34 Show allonly 1

File 39. Lectures delivered by Luce at the Annual Conference of the Defence Forces, 1956 and related correspondence - Box 34 Show allonly 1

File 40. Miscellaneous notes and articles - Box 34 Show allonly 1

File 41. 'Miscellaneous notes and articles' file – including lectures delivered at the Mons Cultural Conferences, 1954-56 - Box 34 Show allonly 1

File 42. Bound volume of articles by Luce, published in Journal of the Burma Research Society - Box 34 Show allonly 1

File 43. Copy of Geography of Burma under the Pagan dynasty - Box 34 Show allonly 1

Series 6. Paris Lectures, 1967-68 Show allonly 1

Luce gave two series of lectures in Paris in 1967 and 1968, a few years after leaving Burma. He had settled in Jersey in the Channel Islands from where he maintained contact with scholars in France and elsewhere. He had completed writing his main work Old Burma - Early Pagan.

There were four lectures in April 1967: one on Pagan iconography and three on Pagan architecture. On Pagan iconography Luce talked about 'Symbol and Representation'. Luce's three lectures on Pagan architecture were entitled (1) 'A General Survey', (2) 'Early Temples especially on Nat-hlaung kyaung, Nanpaya, Manuha and Minpaya', and (3) 'On the Old Mon Temple'.

There were two lectures given in Paris in 1968. These lectures were on 'Old Burma - Peoples and Places', and covered early Pagan and Sri Ksetra temples and pagodas. The lectures are in Luce's handwriting. No text for Lecture 1 of 1968 has been found. They have not been published as a separate monograph, though the material contained in these lectures was included in his three volume work Old Burma-Early Pagan. The lectures were all based on old Mon and early Burmese inscriptions of the Pagan period.

The lectures were vetted by Isaline B. Horner, President of the Pali Text Society, and the correspondence relating to these lectures between Luce and Horner are preserved in this series. Horner greatly praised the lectures and urged Luce to publish them.

File 1. Lecture I. (1967) Pagan Iconography - Symbol and Representation - Box 35 Show allonly 1

File 2. Lecture II. (1967) Pagan Architecture, general survey - Box 35 Show allonly 1

File 3. Lecture III. (1967) Pagan Architecture - Early Temples - Box 35 Show allonly 1

File 4. Lecture IV. (1967) Pagan Architecture - The Old Mon Temple - Box 35 Show allonly 1

File 5. Lecture I. (1968) Old Burma - Peoples and Places? (No text, only lists) - Box 35 Show allonly 1

File 6. Lecture II. (1968?) Old Burma - Peoples and Places - Sri Ksetra - Box 35 Show allonly 1

Series 7. Word Lists Show allonly 1

After World War II Luce pursued his interest in the old language of Burma, with the aim of identifying the influences of the major cultures of the region on Burma, especially on Old Burmese and Old Mon. He also sought to clarify the origins of the pre-Burman languages, such as Pyu and Sak, through the languages spoken by ethnic minority groups in Burma at the time. To this end, he travelled throughout the country, finding language informants in villages and recording as much as possible, often under difficult conditions. Although he had planned to publish a book on the pre-Pagan period, it was still in draft form when he died, and eventually appeared, edited by Eugenie Henderson, as Phases of Pre-Pagan Burma in 1985.

The series contains language sheets and charts lists words in Pali, Sanskrit, Chinese, Tibetan, Thai, Mon and Burmese, as well as other languages of Burma like Karen, Palaung and Taung-yoe.

Subseries 7-1. Language Word Lists, including Burmese dialects, Tibetan, Chinese, Lolo, Sanskrit-Pali loan words Show allonly 1

File 1. Word lists - Box 36 Show allonly 1
File 2-6. Comparative word lists - Box 36 Show allonly 1
File 7. Comparative word lists - Burmese/dialects - Box 36 Show allonly 1
File 8-10. Comparative word lists – Burmese, Tibetan/Chinese - Box 37 Show allonly 1
File 11. Word lists – Burma-Lolo Group - Box 37 Show allonly 1
File 12. Sanskrit - Pali Loan word glossary - Box 37 Show allonly 1

Subseries 7-2. Language Words Lists, including Burmese, Chin, Riang, Chinese, Old Thai, Khasi, Mon, Sak-Kantu Show allonly 1

File 13. Burmese Phonetics - Box 37 Show allonly 1
File 14. Chin Languages. Notes and Correspondence - including Dr Henderson's re Chin Hills Linguistic Tour, 1954, and 'Need for Phonetic Type for Burma Languages' - Box 37 Show allonly 1
File 15. Riang. Translation of Markos. Correspondence, paperback copy of Markos, related material - Box 38 Show allonly 1
File 16. Chinese - Correspondence and related material - Box 38 Show allonly 1
File 17. Correspondence re language types. Old Thai inscriptions. Khasi - Box 38 Show allonly 1
File 18. Correspondence on language types and related material. Mon - Box 38 Show allonly 1
File 19. Language Charts. Sak Kantu strips - Box 38 Show allonly 1
File 20. Old and Middle Mon Estampages belonging to the Library of University College, Rangoon (photographed notes) and incomplete box of card indexes (2 items) - Box 38 Show allonly 1

Subseries 7-3. Language Word Lists, including Chin, Old Mon, Middle Mon, Modern Mon, Late Mon, Old Thai, Tangthu Show allonly 1

File 21. Comparative word lists - Box 39 Show allonly 1
File 22-24. Index of words - Chin - Box 39 Show allonly 1
File 25. 13 Sheets on Old Mon, Middle Mon, Modern Mon. - Box 39 Show allonly 1
File 25. Pronunciation and meaning, plus index, vocabulary and letters - Box 39 Show allonly 1
File 26-27. Language tables: Old Mon, Middle Mon, Late Mon, English - Box 39 Show allonly 1

Subseries 7-4. Language Word Lists, including Chin Hills Linguistic Tour, Chin, Burmese, Pali, Sanscrit, Old Mon Show allonly 1

File 28. Chin Hills linguistic tour. Manuscript and typescript - Box 40 Show allonly 1
File 29-30. Index of words (Chin) - Box 40 Show allonly 1
File 31. Common form in Burma Chin languages. Typescript - Box 40 Show allonly 1
File 32. Correspondence on language types. Burmese - Box 40 Show allonly 1
File 33. Correspondence on language types and related material. - Box 40 Show allonly 1
File 33. Pali- Sanskrit - Box 40 Show allonly 1
File 34-36. Old Mon inscriptions - Box 40, 41 Show allonly 1

Subseries 7-5. Language Word Lists, including Chinese, Tibetan, Burmese, Old Mon, Old Khmer, Karen Show allonly 1

File 37. Comparative word lists, including Chinese, Tibetan, Burmese - Box 41 Show allonly 1
File 38. Comparative word lists, including Old Mon, Old Khmer - Box 41 Show allonly 1
File 39. Comparative word lists. Karen index - Box 41 Show allonly 1
File 40. Karen index - Box 41 Show allonly 1
File 41. Karen languages - Box 42 Show allonly 1
File 42. Pre standard Old Burmese word lists - Box 42 Show allonly 1
File 43. Old Mon (Burma) glossary - Box 42 Show allonly 1
File 44. Burmese glossary: vowel finals, Pre standard Old Burmese comparative lists - Box 42 Show allonly 1
File 45. Anthropometry, notes, printed material - Box 42 Show allonly 1
File 46. Comparative word list Old Burmese, Chinese and Tibetan published by School of Oriental and African Studies, 1981 - Box 42 Show allonly 1
File 46A. Comparative word list Old Burmese, Chinese and Tibetan (photocopy of 46) - Box 42 Show allonly 1

Subseries 7-6. Language Word Lists, including Tibeto-Burman, Vietnamese Bibliographical Articles Show allonly 1

File 47. Linguistic papers and correspondence, including papers by Theodore Stern, A.B. Griswold, David Bradley - Box 42 Show allonly 1
File 48. Linguistic articles, including items by Eugénie Henderson, Than Tun, Pamela Gutman, Robbins Burling - Box 43 Show allonly 1
File 49. Linguistic articles, including items by L.F. Taylor, D.G.E. Hall, J.S. Furnivall, U Lu Pe Win, together with G.H. Luce's list of books - Box 43 Show allonly 1
File 50. Linguistic articles, including items by David Bradley, Eugénie Henderson, Janice Stargardt. Titles include Nashi and Proto Burmese-Lolo and Rapport sur les conferences de l'annee scolaire - Box 43 Show allonly 1
File 51. Languages: Tibeto Burman - Box 43 Show allonly 1
File 52. Languages: Tibeto Burman, also Nagari legends - Box 43 Show allonly 1
File 53. Languages: Vietnamese - Box 43 Show allonly 1
File 54. Linguistic bibliography - Typescript - Box 43 Show allonly 1
File 55. Exercise books: Late Mon, Old Khmer, Old Malay, Old Javanese - Box 44 Show allonly 1

Subseries 7-8. Miscellaneous Show allonly 1

File 56. Tables - Unidentified - Box 44 Show allonly 1
File 57. Pagan, Wetkyi-in Kubyauk-gyi - Box 44 Show allonly 1
File 58. Tangut or Proto Burman word list - Box 44 Show allonly 1
File 59-61. Word lists - Box 44 Show allonly 1
File 62. Selung (Mawken) - Box 45 Show allonly 1
File 63. Mon- Old, Middle and Late - Box 45 Show allonly 1
File 64-66. Mon- Khmer comparisons, 1964 - Box 45 Show allonly 1
File 67. Old Mon - Box 45 Show allonly 1
File 68. Mon- Old, Middle and Modern - Box 45 Show allonly 1
File 69-71. Mon-Khmer - Box 46 Show allonly 1
File 72. Danaw/Riang, 1966-67 - Box 46 Show allonly 1
File 73. Riang- St Mark's Gospel - Box 46 Show allonly 1
File 74. Riang- Wa- Palaing - Box 46 Show allonly 1
File 75-77. Tibeto Burman - Box 46, 47 Show allonly 1
File 78. Tibeto-Chinese (Kachin, Maru) - Box 47 Show allonly 1
File 79. Ch'iang - Box 47 Show allonly 1
File 80. Sak, Kadu, Ganan - Box 47 Show allonly 1
File 81. Maru ts'a, Awa K'umi - Box 47 Show allonly 1
File 82. Chin vocabularies - Box 47 Show allonly 1
File 82. Charts relating to Karen dialects, Mon-Khmer, K'umi, and other languages - Box 47 Show allonly 1
File 83-84. Comparative language sheets. Tibeto Burman language charts. Chin (Zo group). Tables A-J. Chin dialects (several sheets) - Map-Folio Map Folio Show allonly 1
File 85. Comparative language sheets. Tibeto Burman language charts. Mru and Sak groups - Map-Folio Map Folio Show allonly 1
File 86-88. Comparative language sheets. Burmese, Tibetan, Chinese language charts - Folio-Box 1, Map-Folio Map Folio Show allonly 1
File 89-90. Comparative language charts. Austro-Asiatic languages. Annam, Khmer, Mon, Khasi, Munda. Tibeto-Chinese languages. Burma-Lolo group. Tone pattern I-III and stops - Map-Folio Map Folio Show allonly 1
File 91. Comparative language charts. Karen tone patterns and Karen/Tibeto Chinese - Folio-Box 1 Show allonly 1
File 92. Karen names for months - Folio-Box 1 Show allonly 1
File 93. Karen tone patterns - Folio-Box 1 Show allonly 1
File 94. Burmese : Maru Atsi Hpua comparative sheets (blank form) - Map-Folio Map Folio Show allonly 1
File 95-96. Karen comparative list (photocopies) - Folio-Box 1 Show allonly 1
File 97. 100 words in Pwo Karen (3 dialects) - Folio-Box 1 Show allonly 1
File 98. 65 sheets Chin dialects - Map-Folio Map Folio Show allonly 1
File 99. Bodhi tree. Mss - Folio-Box 1 Show allonly 1
File 100-101. Luce tables (cards in 2 boxes) (Brown box measuring 12.5 × 16 × 19 cm.) - Folio-Box 2 Show allonly 1
File 102. Index cards (cards in tin) (Brown box measuring 13 × 22.5 × 24 cm.) - Folio-Box 3 Show allonly 1
File 103. Index cards (cards in tin) (Brown box measuring 13.5 × 24 × 23 cm.) - Folio-Box 4 Show allonly 1
File 104. Photographs - Folio-Box 5 Show allonly 1
File 105-108. Language charts - Folio-Box 6, Map-Folio Map Folio Show allonly 1

Series 8. Conferences, 1958-77 Show allonly 1

Luce attended a number of conferences during the post-Second World War period. Conference papers, programmes and correspondence relating to these conferences are in this series. In particular, he attended the Asian History Congress, held in New Dehli, India, on 9-13 December 1961, sponsored by the Indian Council for Cultural Relations and gave a paper on 'Foreign relations of King Aniruddha'.

Luce also attended the Conference on Linguistic Problems of the Indo-Pacific Area, held in London on 5-8 January, 1965. It was sponsored by the School of Oriental and African Studies at the University of London. Papers read at this conference include Luce's paper on 'Danaw, a dying Austroasiatic language' (File 12).

There are also some papers and addresses given at conferences which Luce did not attend, such as the International Conference on Asian Archaeology, 1961 and Conferences de l'Année Scolaire, 1976-1977.

Subseries 8-1. Asian History Congress, 9-13 December 1961 Show allonly 1

File 1. Notes, programmes, list of delegates. Also Luce's paper 'Foreign relations of King Aniruddha' - Box 48 Show allonly 1
File 2. Notebook entitled 'Foreign relations of King Aniruddha and his succcessors (11th-12th cent AD)'. Typescript 'Reign of Aniruddha' - Box 48 Show allonly 1
File 3. Papers by Khushwant Singh, Bimla Parsad, G.C. Mendis, H.R. Gupta, Boechari - Box 48 Show allonly 1
File 4. Papers by Radhakamal Mukerjee, R.K. Dikshit, C. von Furer-Haimendorf, Prof. P.V. Bapat, Paranvitana, Dr S. Dutt. - Box 48 Show allonly 1
File 5. Papers by D.C. Sircar, Uka Tjandrasasmita, F.R. Farid, B. Subba Rao, Charles Pellat - Box 48 Show allonly 1
File 6. Papers by K.S. Lal, G.M. Moraes , M. Abdulla Chaghatai, Satish Chandra, R.K. Das Gupta - Box 48 Show allonly 1
File 7. Papers by J. Filliozat, Sourin Roy, Nicola A. Ziadeh, S. H. Askari, Mohibbul Hasan - Box 48 Show allonly 1
File 8. Papers by P.L. Mehra, Dr H. Ros, Tomas S. Fonacier, Teodora A. Agoncillo, M. Nizamuddin, K.K. Datta - Box 49 Show allonly 1
File 9. Papers by Dr Enam, Prof S.M. Jaffar, L. Petech, Magbul Ahmed, G.E. Wheeler, S.A.A. Rizvi - Box 49 Show allonly 1
File 10. Papers by Irfan M. Habib, John Gallagher, Munibur Rahman, Nabih Amin Faris, Clovis Maksoud, M.S. Agwani, Anil Seal - Box 49 Show allonly 1
File 11. Papers by B.P. Sinha, H.D. Sankalia, D.G.E. Hall, Prof. R.S. Sharma, A.K. Narain, Mir Husain Shah - Box 49 Show allonly 1

Subseries 8-2. Conference on Linguistic Problems of the Indo-Pacific Area, January 5-8, 1965 Show allonly 1

File 12. Programme, circulars 1964-65, conference papers - Box 49 Show allonly 1
File 13-18. Conference papers - Box 49, 50 Show allonly 1
File 19. Miscellaneous conferences: 50th Anniversary Conference of the Burma Research Society, 28 Dec. 1961–2 Jan. 1962; Report on Conferences de l'Année Scolaire, 1976-1977 - Box 50 Show allonly 1
File 20-21. Historical Writing on the Peoples of Asia - South and South East Asia Seminars, 1956 - Box 50 Show allonly 1

Series 9. Cuttings and Publications Show allonly 1

Cuttings from newspapers and magazine on subjects of interest to Luce are in this series. Even after Luce left Burma, he was sent cuttings of news items from Burma on interesting archaeological finds and on the big earthquake at Pagan in 1975 and the subsequent restoration work.

File 1 contains a copy of the New Burma Weekly, vol. 4, no. 4, 24 Jan. 1959, 'in honour of Professor Luce on the occasion of his 70th birthday'.

File 1. Press cuttings 1946-70, including the 1946 newspapers The Citizen, The Mon Bulletin, The Daily Telegraph - Box 51 Show allonly 1

File 1. Press cuttings on the Pagan earthquake, 1975 - Box 51 Show allonly 1

File 2. Press cuttings found in books with book title attached - Box 51 Show allonly 1

File 2. Cards in envelope marked “Ref to dwarf people” - Box 51 Show allonly 1

File 3. Miscellaneous printed material – some relating to Luce - Box 51 Show allonly 1

File 4. Miscellaneous – includes press cuttings, membership cards, map entitled 'India orientalis nova descriptio' - Box 51 Show allonly 1

File 5. Printed material on India, Singapore - Box 51 Show allonly 1

File 6. Printed material - Box 52 Show allonly 1

File 7-8. Opera and exhibition programmes, 1950-1973 - Box 52 Show allonly 1

File 9-10. School of Oriental and African Studies book lists, 1964-65 - Box 52 Show allonly 1

Series 10. Manuscripts and Publications of Other Writers Show allonly 1

Luce acquired and kept some manuscripts and publications of other writers and they have been placed in this series.

File 1. 'Man-shu of Fan Cho'. Translation by M. Blackmore - Box 52 Show allonly 1

File 2. A Provisional sketch of Sizang (Siyin) Chin by Theodore Stern and other articles by D.G.E. Hall and Eugénie Henderson - Box 52 Show allonly 1

File 3. Oedipus at Colonus. Translated by R.C. Trevelyan. Corrected proof (incomplete), and correspondence, 1945 - Box 53 Show allonly 1

File 4. 'The Chinese cyclical signs and the origins of the alphabet' by E.G. Pulleybank, 1975 - Box 53 Show allonly 1

File 4. 'The effects of altitudinal variation in Ethiopian populations' by G.A. Harrison et al, 1969 - Box 53 Show allonly 1

File 5. 'Ceylon's relation with South-east Asia, with special reference to Burma' by Sirima Wickremasinghe - Box 53 Show allonly 1

File 6. 'Plains Chin, a linguistic minority in Burma' by Theodore Stern - Box 53 Show allonly 1

File 7. Articles: Vietnamese orthography; Burmese-Lolo - Box 53 Show allonly 1

File 8. Articles on the Karen, Thailand - Box 53 Show allonly 1

File 9. Miscellaneous papers, published and unpublished articles by J. Poonyo, Robbins Burling, Denise Bernot, Jane Terry Bailey, Judith M. Jacob, E. Michael Mendelson. - Box 53 Show allonly 1

Series 11. Miscellaneous Papers Show allonly 1

File 1. Tables on rubbings and related correspondence - Box 54 Show allonly 1

File 2. Slide, photographs and rubbings - statues and tablets - Box 54 Show allonly 1

File 3. Miscellaneous plate covers - Box 54 Show allonly 1

File 4-5. Articles, Siam Society meeting notices, annual reports, correspondence, vocabularies and other papers - Box 54 Show allonly 1

File 6. Scrapbook entitled 'Tibeto Burman : authorities' (on cover 'Tibeto-Burman : bibliography') - Box 54 Show allonly 1

File 7-9. Miscellaneous papers including exercise books, articles, and notes - Box 54, 55 Show allonly 1

File 10. Journal of the Oriental Society of Australia, Dec. 1965 - Box 55 Show allonly 1

File 11. Photographs of coins of the Candra Dynasty, sculptures and architectural features - Box 55 Show allonly 1

File 12. Cards and letters - Box 55 Show allonly 1

File 13. Inasmuch by Ethel M. Luce Clausen, and 'Daw Tee Tee's experiment', Eastern world, vol. 6, no. 6, June 1952 (photocopy) - Box 55 Show allonly 1

File 13. Report entitled First annual report of the Children's Aid and Protection Society: Home for Waifs and Strays 1928-29. Includes a report and a paper by Tee Tee Luce entitled 'The street children of Rangoon'. Programme of the Boxing tournament in aid of the Home for waifs and strays, … on 3rd January 1948. - Box 55 Show allonly 1

File 14. British and Foreign Bible Society. Correspondence, 1947-53 - Box 55 Show allonly 1

File 15. British and Foreign Bible Society. Annual report, circulars, financial papers, publications, correspondence, 1950-53 - Box 55 Show allonly 1

File 16. Name cards, business cards, greetings cards, newspaper cuttings, etc. - Box 55 Show allonly 1

File 17. 15 boxes card indexes (including, English, Old Mon, Modern Mon) - Box 56 Show allonly 1

File 18. Box of cards marked 'Lisu B' - Box 56 Show allonly 1

File 19. Papers relating to Daw Tee Tee (added 7 December 2001) - Box 57 Show allonly 1

Includes papers and cuttings (some are photocopies) relating to the Home for Waifs and Strays including annual reports for 1954, 1955 and 1962; photocopies of cuttings about the 1959 Ramon Magsaysay Award; assorted photographs, some photocopied; and program for a memorial service held on 9 September 1982