Guide to the Papers of John Molony

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MS 6634, MS Acc06.031

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Collection Summary

Creator
John Molony
Title
Papers of John Molony
Date Range
c.1930-2005
Collection Number
MS 6634, MS Acc06.031
Extent
19.95 metres (106 boxes, 12 cartons, 1 folio box)
Language of Materials
English
Repository
National Library of Australia

Introduction

Scope and Contents

The papers in this collection provide a comprehensive record of the life and career of John Molony.

Molony's long career with the Australian National University is reflected in the large amount of correspondence, lecture material, reports and administrative papers he has accumulated. There are also papers relating to much of Molony's published work and these include a large quantity of research material, draft typescripts, correspondence, newspaper cuttings and reviews.

The extensive correspondence is a particular strength of this collection. Molony is a prolific letter writer and has retained much of the correspondence received over the course of his life and career. This correspondence, particularly with family and friends, often provides very personal glimpses of Molony at various stages during his life. In addition to this, Molony's mother kept the very detailed letters he wrote from Rome while studying for the priesthood. Combined with the correspondence relating to his decision to leave the Church, they provide insights into life in the priesthood in the 1950s and 1960s. Apart from family and colleagues, correspondents include Ian Burns, Manning Clark, Dorothy Green, Bishop Bede Heather, Xavier Herbert, Ken and Amirah Inglis, Archbishop Frank Little, Geoff Lloyd and Bill Mandle.

Molony has been involved with many organisations over the years, mostly as a committee member. The collection includes correspondence, minutes of meetings and other papers relating to these organisations.

Conditions Governing Access

Please refer to the collection's catalogue record for the access conditions (http://nla.gov.au/nla.cat-vn662473).

Conditions Governing Use

Copying and publishing of unpublished manuscript material is subject to copyright restrictions. For such material, written permission to publish must be obtained from the copyright holder(s). Copying of unpublished material for research purposes is permissible 50 years after the death of the creator of the material.

Preferred Citation

Items from this collection should be cited as '[Title or description of manuscript item], National Library of Australia, Papers of John Molony, [class number, box number and series and/or file number]'.

Provenance

The bulk of the papers were acquired from John Molony in 1998, under the Taxation Incentives for the Arts Scheme (TIAS). Three earlier small consignments were received from Molony - two donated in 1981 and 1985 and one acquired under the TIAS in 1989.

The Oral History Section of the Library holds the following related recordings:

ORAL TRC 2285 Interview with John Molony by Peter Biskup, 1988

ORAL TRC 2275 Interview with Alex Jesaulenko, Australian football player and coach, by John Molony, 1988

ORAL TRC 2364 Proceedings of the 3rd National Folklore Conference held in the National Library of Australia on 26-27 November, 1988 (Molony was a participant at the Conference)

ORAL TRC 435 'The Italian elections', an ANU Convocation luncheon address given by John Molony on June 16, 1976

Arrangement

The Library has arranged the papers into 32 series.

The papers were accumulated by Molony over a long period of time and, on receipt, comprised mainly manila folders and a large quantity of loose papers. The loose papers were grouped by the Library according to series and placed in folders. The manila folders created by Molony were kept intact. Molony allocated titles to many of the manila folders and these titles have been used in the folder descriptions within each series. Where no title was available, the description is based on the contents of the folder.

Finding Aid Source(s)

Please note: This finding aid may comprise or contain descriptive information provided by donors, researchers and/or volunteers.

Collection Retrieval Advice

Please note: each consignment in this collection has a separate box number sequence (i.e. there may be multiple Box 1s). Please cite the relevant Class number as well as the Box number when requesting retrieval of material from the collection.

Bibliography

During the course of his career, Molony has published a number of scholarly works on subjects as diverse as the encyclical of Pope Leo XIII and Ned Kelly, as well as numerous newspaper and journal articles, chapters in books and literary reviews. His published works include: The Roman mould of the Australian Catholic Church, Melbourne, Melbourne University Press, 1969 An architect of freedom: John Hubert Plunkett in New South Wales, 1832-1869, Canberra, ANU Press, 1973 The emergence of political Catholicism in Italy: Partito Popolare, 1919-1926, London, Croom Helm, 1977 I am Ned Kelly, Melbourne, Allen Lane, 1980 Eureka, Melbourne, Viking, 1984 The Penguin bicentennial history of Australia, Melbourne, Viking, 1987 The worker question: a new historical perspective on Rerum Novarum, Melbourne, Collins Dove, 1991 A soul came into Ireland: Thomas Davis, 1814-1845, Dublin, Geography Publications, 1995 The Native-Born: the first white Australians, Melbourne, Melbourne University Press, 2000

Biographical Note

John Neylon Molony is an academic, historian and author. He was born in Melbourne on 15 April 1927, the first son of Michael Joseph and Bridget Jane (neƩ McInerney). Between 1933 and 1944, he was educated at Sea Lake State School and St Patrick's College, Ballarat.

In 1945, Molony began studies for the priesthood at Corpus Christi College, Werribee. His achievements at the College were such that he was selected to undertake a six-year study program at Propaganda Fide College in Rome. He left Australia in 1947 and was not to return until 1954. Molony was ordained a priest in Rome in December 1950. He continued his studies at the Propaganda Fide College and in 1952 completed post-graduate studies in Canon Law. In 1953-54 he practised Canon Law in Boston, USA.

Molony returned to Australia in 1954 to take up duty as a priest at St Patrick's Presbytery, Ballarat. During his time at Ballarat, Molony was a chaplain and teacher at St Patrick's College. In addition, in 1955-63 he was the Canon Lawyer for the Ecclesiastical Court of the Victorian Province and Director of Catholic Action organisations.

In 1964, Molony decided to leave the priesthood and in a civil ceremony in 1965 he married Denise Margaret Chandler, with whom he has four children. He was granted a dispensation from the priesthood in 1966 and was married in that same year in a private Catholic ceremony. In 1969, Molony and his wife agreed to tell their story in an episode of the ABC-TV documentary series Chequer Board.

Molony's long involvement with the Australian National University (ANU) began in 1964, when he was employed as a Research Assistant in Medieval History in the School of Social Science. He was to go on to become Head of the Department of History and to hold the Manning Clark Chair of Australian History from 1982 until his retirement from the University in 1990. On his retirement, the ANU appointed Molony as an Emeritus Professor of History.

During the early years of his career as an academic at the ANU, Molony also continued with his studies. In 1968 he was admitted to the degree of Master of Arts with his thesis 'The Roman mould of the Australian Catholic Church' and in 1971 to the degree of Doctor of Philosophy with his thesis 'John Hubert Plunkett in New South Wales, 1832-1869'. Both theses were subsequently published.

Molony returned twice to Rome to study. In 1974, he was awarded an exchange scholarship by the Italian Government to undertake one year of study in Rome. He also lectured at the university there. In 1984 he took sabbatical leave of one year to undertake research at the Vatican Library and Archives.

Following his retirement from the ANU in 1990, Molony was appointed to the Keith Cameron Professorship of Australian History at University College, Dublin. He held this position until 1993.

In 1993, on his return to Australia, Molony was appointed to the Foundation Research Professorship in History at the Australian Catholic University in Canberra. He left the University in July 1996.

Throughout his life, as well as maintaining a close relationship with the Catholic Church, Molony has played an active role in the community. He has been a committee member of a number of organisations including the Australian Labor Party, the Indo-China Refugee Association, the Eureka Stockade Memorial Trust and several Australian Rules Football groups. He has also been a long-standing member of the Dante Alighieri Society, holding the position of President from 1976 until 1990. In 1990, in recognition of his contribution to the interests of Italian culture, Molony was awarded the 'Onorifecenza Cavaliere OMRI' by the Italian Government.

Item Descriptions

Class MS 6634. Original Consignment

Comprises extensive run of correspondence with family and friends, papers relating to his long career with the Australian National University, copies of journal and newspaper articles and research notes and drafts relating to much of his writing.

Contained in 106 boxes, 1 fol. box.

Series 1. Family correspondence, 1939-97

This series comprises correspondence between Molony and his immediate and extended family. There are letters from his parents, brother Brian and sister Margaret, his wife Denise, his children Damien, Michael, Leah and Justine, his aunts and his parents-in-law. There is also a collection of letters written by his aunt, Sister Mary Loyola, a Catholic nun, to both Molony and members of the family.

In 1945, Molony entered the Seminary at Corpus Christi College, Werribee, to train for the priesthood. In 1947, he travelled to Rome to undertake further studies and did not return to Australia until 1954. Included are the many letters Molony wrote to his parents during his time overseas. They contain much detail about his life during this time, as well as expressing many of his thoughts and ideas.

In 1964, Molony decided to leave the priesthood and marry. This was a difficult decision and one which was not supported by either the church or his family. The distress caused to both himself and his family by this decision is reflected in the correspondence of this time. In 1969, Molony and his wife appeared on a program of the ABC-TV documentary series Chequer Board. Correspondence received from extended family and friends after the program was aired expresses overwhelming support for them and a better understanding of what they had experienced.

Childhood letters written by Molony to his parents, 1930s (File 1) - Box 1
Letters written by Sister Mary Loyola to Molony and his family, 1939-50 (File 2-4) - Box 1
Letters written by Brian Molony to his family, 1940-58 (File 5) - Box 1
Letters written to each other by members of Molony's family, 1940-65 (File 6-8) - Box 1, 2
Letters from Molony to his family while at the Seminary in Werribee and while en route to Rome, 1945-47 (File 9-10) - Box 2
Miscellaneous Christmas and birthday cards, 1946-64 (File 11) - Box 2
Letters from Molony to his family while studying in Rome, 1948-53 (File 12-16) - Box 2, 3
Letters from Molony to his family from Rome and Boston, 1953 (File 17) - Box 3
Letters from Molony to his family while en route from Boston to Australia to take up his position at St Patrick's Presbytery, Ballarat, 1954 (File 18) - Box 3
Condolence letters and cards, received on the death of Molony's father, 1958 (File 19-21) - Box 3, 4
Letters from Molony to his family, 1963-67 (File 22-23) - Box 4
Closed file, (1964-65) (File 24)
Letters to Molony from his mother, 1966-69 (File 25) - Box 5
Correspondence between Molony and his wife, 1967-1970 (File 26) - Box 5
Letters to Molony from his family, 1968-70 (File 27) - Box 5, 6
Letters to Molony from his family, following the screening of the ABC program Chequer Board, 1969 (File 28) - Box 6
Closed file (1969-70) (File 29)
Correspondence, 1971-76 (File 30) - Box 6
Correspondence, 1977-83 (File 31) - Box 6
Correspondence while Molony was on sabbatical in Rome, 1984-86 (File 32) - Box 6
Correspondence, 1988-89 (File 33) - Box 6
Correspondence, 1990 (File 34) - Box 7
Correspondence, 1991 (File 35) - Box 7
Correspondence, 1992 (File 36-37) - Box 7
Correspondence, 1993-94 (File 38) - Box 7
Correspondence, 1995-97 (File 39) - Box 7

Series 2. Correspondence with friends, 1949-96

Molony has been a prolific letter writer and has retained a large collection of the letters received from friends during the course of his life and career. This correspondence is contained in this series.

Friends with whom Molony has had a long and close relationship include Ian Burns, Des O'Hagan (who was at the seminary with Molony in Werribee and also left the priesthood), Archbishop Frank Little and Geoff Lloyd. Other correspondents include Manning Clark, Bishop Bede Heather, Xavier Herbert, Ken and Amirah Inglis, Bill Mandle and Gerald Walsh.

Correspondence with Des Hagan (1966-68), Manning Clark (1969-90) and Xavier Herbert (1978-83) was filed separately by Molony and these files have been retained and incorporated into the Library's arrangement of the correspondence into chronological order by year.

Correspondence, undated Correspondence, 1949-54 (File 1) - Box 8
Correspondence, 1964-70 (File 2) - Box 8
Letters to Molony from colleagues in the church, 1965-66; Correspondence regarding Molony's petition for dispensation from the Priesthood, 1965-66 (File 3) - Box 8
Correspondence, 1966-67 (File 4) - Box 8
Letters from Des O'Hagan, 1966-68 (File 5) - Box 8
Correspondence, 1968 (File 6) - Box 8
Correspondence, 1969 (File 7-8) - Box 8
Letters to Molony from friends, acquaintances and strangers, following the screening of the ABC program Chequer Board, 1969 (File 9) - Box 9
Correspondence, 1970 (File 10) - Box 9
Correspondence, 1971 (File 11) - Box 9
Correspondence, 1972 (File 12) - Box 9
Correspondence, 1973 (File 13) - Box 9
Letters and cards from Manning Clark, 1969-90 (File 14) - Box 9
Correspondence, 1974 (File 15) - Box 10
Correspondence, 1975 (File 16) - Box 10
Correspondence, 1976 (File 17) - Box 10
Correspondence, 1977 (File 18) - Box 10
Correspondence, 1978 (File 19) - Box 10
Correspondence with Xavier Herbert, 1978-83 (File 20) - Box 10
Correspondence, 1979 (File 21) - Box 10
Correspondence, 1980 (File 22) - Box 11
Correspondence, 1981 (File 23) - Box 11
Correspondence, 1982 (File 24) - Box 11
Correspondence, 1983 (File 25) - Box 11
Correspondence, 1984 (File 26-28) - Box 11
Correspondence, 1985 (File 29) - Box 12
Correspondence, 1986 (File 30) - Box 12
Correspondence, 1987 (File 31) - Box 12
Correspondence, 1988 (File 32) - Box 12
Correspondence, 1989 (File 33) - Box 12
Correspondence, 1990 (File 34) - Box 12
Correspondence, 1991 (File 35-36) - Box 13
Correspondence, 1992 (File 37-38) - Box 13
Correspondence, 1993 (File 39) - Box 13
Correspondence, 1994 (File 40) - Box 13
Correspondence, 1995 (File 41) - Box 13
Correspondence, 1996 (File 42) - Box 14

Series 3. General correspondence and papers, 1963-96

As well as correspondence with family and friends, Molony accumulated a great deal of general correspondence, the bulk of which relates to his life after he left the priesthood. Contained in this series is correspondence with publishers, editors, clergy of the Catholic Church and community groups and projects with which Molony was involved. Interleaved with these papers is a large quantity of correspondence relating to Molony's time as the Keith Cameron Professor of Australian History at the University College, Dublin (1990-93). Much of this is from colleagues in Australia.

For a period of time from 1977 to 1983, Molony filed some of his correspondence alphabetically. In some cases, he also filed correspondence with certain organisations separately. These files have been retained and incorporated into the Library's arrangement of the correspondence into chronological order by year.

While there are separate series for Australian National University (Series 7) and the Australian Catholic University (Series 8), papers relating to both these institutions may be included in this series.

Interleaved with the correspondence are items such as news cuttings, reports, invitations to functions and drafts of papers by Molony.

Undated correspondence (File 1) - Box 14
Correspondence, 1962-67 (File 2) - Box 14
Correspondence regrading research in Ireland about Edward Butler, 1967-68 (File 3) - Box 14
Correspondence, 1968 (File 4) - Box 14
Correspondence with the Australian Society of Authors, 1968-70 (File 5) - Box 14
Correspondence, 1969 (File 6) - Box 15
Correspondence, 1970 (File 7) - Box 15
Correspondence, 1971 (File 8) - Box 15
Correspondence, 1972 (File 9) - Box 15
Correspondence, 1973 (File 10) - Box 15
Correspondence, 1974 (File 11) - Box 15
Correspondence, 1975 (File 12-13) - Box 16
Correspondence, 1976 (File 14) - Box 16
Correspondence, 1977 (File 15-16) - Box 16
Correspondence, 1977 (alphabetical order) (File 17) - Box 17
Correspondence, 1978 (File 18) - Box 17
Correspondence, 1978 (alphabetical order) (File 19) - Box 17
Correspondence with the Australian Broadcasting Commission, 1979-81 (File 20) - Box 17
Correspondence, 1979 (File 21) - Box 17
Correspondence, 1979 (alphabetical order) (File 22) - Box 17
Correspondence, 1980 (File 23) - Box 18
Correspondence, 1980 (alphabetical order) (File 24-25) - Box 18
Correspondence, 1981 (File 26) - Box 18
Correspondence, 1981 (alphabetical order) (File 27-28) - Box 18, 19
Correspondence, 1982 (File 29-30) - Box 19
Correspondence, 1982 (alphabetical order) (File 31-32) - Box 19
Correspondence, 1983 (File 33-34) - Box 20
Correspondence, 1983 (alphabetical order) (File 35-36) - Box 20
Correspondence, 1984 (File 37) - Box 20
Correspondence, 1985 (File 38-41) - Box 21
Correspondence with Monsignor Eric D'Arcy, Bishop of Sale relating to the 'Non-belief Project', 1985-87 (File 42) - Box 21
Correspondence, 1986 (File 43-44) - Box 21, 22
Correspondence, 1987 (File 45-46) - Box 22
Correspondence with Oxford University Press regarding proposals for an illustrative history of Australia, 1988-90 (File 47) - Box 22
Correspondence, 1988 (File 48-51) - Box 22, 23
Correspondence with Penguin Books, 1989-90 (File 52) - Box 23
Correspondence, 1989 (File 53-55) - Box 23
Correspondence relating to appointment at University College, Dublin, 1989-92 (File 56) - Box 23
Correspondence, 1990 (File 57-62) - Box 23, 24
Correspondence, 1991 (File 63-69) - Box 24, 25
References written while at the University College, Dublin, 1991 (File 70) - Box 25
Correspondence, 1992 (File 71-76) - Box 26
References written while at the University College, Dublin, 1992 (File 77) - Box 26
Correspondence, 1993 (File 78-84) - Box 27, 28
References written while at the University College, Dublin, 1993 (File 85) - Box 28
Correspondence, 1994 (File 86-90) - Box 28, 29
Correspondence, 1995 (File 91-95) - Box 29
Correspondence, 1996 (File 96-100) - Box 29

Series 4. Family papers, 1930s-1990

Contained in this series is a miscellaneous group of papers and memorabilia relating to Molony and his family. Included are papers about Molony's parents, his studies for the priesthood, and his two study trips to Rome. In addition, there is a transcript of an oral history interview with Molony conducted in 1988, the certificate of Onorifecenz Cavaliere OMRI, awarded to Molony by the Italian Government in 1990 and newspaper cuttings.

Family history research (File 1) - Box 31
Papers from the 1930s - memorabilia of Molony's parents Papers from the 1940s relating to Molony's studies for the priesthood (File 2) - Box 31
Papers from the 1950s and 1960s - newspaper cuttings and a copy of the will of Molony's mother (File 3) - Box 31
Memorabilia from Molony's study trip to Rome, 1974-75 (File 4) - Box 31
Memorabilia from Molony's study trip to Rome, 1983-84 (File 5) - Box 31
Transcript of an interview of Molony conducted by Peter Biskup on behalf of the National Library of Australia, 1988 (File 6) - Box 32
News cuttings and miscellaneous ephemera, 1990s; A small packet of photographs, mostly undated Certificate of 'Onorificenza Cavaliere OMRI', 1990 (File 7) - Box 32

Series 5. Financial papers, 1969-96

This series contains a small amount of financial papers, which include bank statements, royalty statements, pay slips, receipts, tax forms and cheque butts.

Financial papers, 1969-75 (File 1) - Box 32
Cheque butts, 1969-96 (File 2) - Box 33
Bank statements, 1983-84 (File 3) - Box 33
Income tax papers, 1989-90 (File 4) - Box 33
Financial papers, 1990 (File 5) - Box 33
Financial papers, 1991 (File 6) - Box 33
Financial papers, 1991-92 (File 7) - Box 33
Financial papers, 1993-96 (File 8) - Box 33

Series 6. Diaries, 1951, 1976-94

The diaries in this series were maintained by Molony, apart for two from 1990, which were written by his wife, Denise. Some contain appointments only and some are narrative in style and record his daily activities and his thoughts.

Narrative diary, 1951 (File 1) - Box 34
Appointment diary, 1976 (File 2) - Box 34
Appointment diary, 1977 (File 3) - Box 34
Appointment diary, 1978 (File 4) - Box 34
Appointment diary, 1979 (File 5) - Box 34
Appointment diary, 1980 (File 6) - Box 34
Appointment diary, 1981 (File 7) - Box 34
Appointment diary, 1982 (File 8) - Box 34
Appointment diary, 1983 (File 9) - Box 34
Narrative diary, 1984 (File 10) - Box 34
Narrative diary, 1985 (File 11) - Box 34
Appointment diary, 1985 (File 12) - Box 34
Appointment diary, 1986 (File 13) - Box 34
Narrative diary, 1986-87 (File 14) - Box 34
Narrative diary, 1988 (File 15) - Box 35
Appointment diary, 1989 (File 16) - Box 35
Narrative diary, 1989 (File 17) - Box 35
Appointment diary, 1990 (File 18) - Box 35
Narrative diaries, 1990 (File 19-21) - Box 35
Diaries of Denise Molony, 1990 (File 22-23) - Box 35
Appointment diary, 1990-91 (File 24) - Box 35
Narrative diary, 1991 (File 25) - Box 35
Narrative diary, 1992 (File 26) - Box 35
Appointment diary, 1992-93 (File 27) - Box 35
Narrative diary, 1993 (File 28) - Box 35
Narrative diary, 1993-95 (File 29) - Box 35
Appointment diary, 1994 (File 30) - Box 35

Series 7. Australian National University, 1964-90

This series comprises a large group of papers relating to Molony's long career as an academic at the Australian National University (ANU). Included is correspondence, reports, administrative papers, research grant applications submitted by Molony, references written by Molony for others and papers relating to course work.

During the period 1975-83, Molony filed some of his correspondence in chronological order within the year, and some in alphabetical order. These files have been retained and incorporated into the Library's arrangement of the papers into chronological order by year.

Correspondents include Geoffrey Fairbairn, Dorothy Green, Ian Hancock, Ken Inglis Hector Kinloch, Bill Mandle, Bede Nairn and John Ritchie.

Summary of Molony's career at ANU: Research Assistant, School of Social Sciences, 1964; Part-time tutor in British History, Department of History Part-time lecturer in Australian History, Royal Military College, Duntroon, 1965; Tutor in Modern History, 1966; Senior Tutor in History, 1967; Lecturer in History, 1968; Senior Lecturer in History, 1974; Professor of History, 1975; Head of Department of History, 1977-85; Manning Clark Professor of Australian History, 1978-90; Emeritus Professor of History, 1990.

Undated files (File 1) - Box 36
Employment history, 1964-84 (File 2) - Box 36
Papers relating to Molony's PhD thesis, 1971 (File 3) - Box 36
General papers, 1971 (File 4) - Box 36
General papers, 1971-83 (included are letters of Geoffrey Fairbairn, 1978-79) (File 5) - Box 36
General papers 1972-85 (File 6) - Box 36
General papers, 1972-73 (File 7) - Box 37
General papers, 1974-85 (File 8) - Box 37
Correspondence, 1975-77 (chronological) (File 9) - Box 37
General papers, 1975-76 (File 10) - Box 37
References written, 1976-84 (alphabetical) (File 11-21) - Box 37, 38, 39
Research grant applications, 1977-82 (File 22) - Box 39
Correspondence, 1977-78 (chronological) (File 23) - Box 39
Reports of theses examined, 1977-89 (File 24) - Box 40
Correspondence, 1979 (chronological) (File 25) - Box 40
General papers, 1979-80 (File 26) - Box 40
Correspondence, 1980 (chronological) (File 27) - Box 40
Correspondence regarding the appointment of a research assistant to Molony, 1982-84 (File 28) - Box 40
General papers, 1982 (File 29) - Box 41
Correspondence, 1982 (chronological) (File 30) - Box 41
General papers, 1983 (File 31) - Box 41
Correspondence, 1983 (chronological) (File 32) - Box 41
Correspondence and examiners' reports regarding a disallowed PhD thesis, 1983-87 (File 33) - Box 41
General papers, 1984 (File 34) - Box 41
General papers, 1985-86 (File 35) - Box 41
References written, 1985 (File 36) - Box 42
Research grant applications, 1985 (File 37) - Box 42
References written, 1986 (File 38) - Box 42
General papers, 1987 (File 39) - Box 42
References written, 1987-89 (File 40) - Box 42
Correspondence and papers regarding a proposal for Sir Donald Bradman to be offered an Honorary Doctorate and Bradman's subsequent refusal of the offer, 1988 (File 41) - Box 42
General papers, 1988 (File 42-43) - Box 42, 43
General papers, 1989 (File 44) - Box 43
Reports of theses examined, 1989-90 (File 45) - Box 43
Papers relating to the proposed amalgamation of the ANU and the Canberra College of Advanced Education (CCAE) and to an enquiry into the administration of the ANU, 1989-90 (File 46-51) - Box 43, 44
Papers relating to an 'Academic Staff Questionnaire' regarding the administration of the ANU, 1990 (File 52) - Box 44
Responses to academic staff poll regarding the future role of the ANU, 1990 (File 53-54) - Box 44, 45
References written, 1990 (File 56) - Box 45
General papers, including notes for farewell speeches made by Molony at functions for his retirement from the ANU, 1990 (File 57)

Series 8. Australian Catholic University, 1993-96

In 1993, Molony took up the appointment of Foundation Research Professor in History at the Australian Catholic University in Canberra. He resigned from the position in 1996. This series contains papers relating to Molony's appointment to the position and his work at the University.

Correspondence and papers, 1993 (File 1) - Box 45
Papers relating to Molony's visits to other Catholic University campuses, 1993 (File 2) - Box 45
References written, 1994 (File 3) - Box 45
Correspondence and papers, 1994 (File 4) - Box 45
Papers relating to Molony's visits to other Catholic University campuses, 1994 (File 5) - Box 46
References written, 1995-96 (File 6) - Box 46
Correspondence, 1995 (File 7-8) - Box 46
Correspondence, 1996 (File 9) - Box 46

Series 9. Lecture material, 1964-93

The bulk of the papers in this series relate to Molony's academic career at the Australian National University (1964-90). They comprise a large group of lecture notes as well as student work and papers relating to administrative matters. Also included are two folders of papers relating to Molony's time at the University College, Dublin (1990-93).

Undated files (File 1-12) - Box 47, 48, 49
Lecture material, 1964 (File 13-14) - Box 49
Lecture material, 1965 (File 15-16) - Box 49, 50
Lecture material, 1967 (File 17) - Box 50
Lecture material, 1968 (File 18-19) - Box 50
Lecture material, 1969 (File 20) - Box 50
Lecture material, 1970-71 (File 21) - Box 51
Lecture material, 1972 (File 22-23) - Box 51
Lecture material, 1973 (File 24-27) - Box 51, 52
Lecture material, 1974-75 (File 28) - Box 52
Lecture material, 1975 (File 29) - Box 52
Lecture material, 1976 (File 30) - Box 52
Lecture material, 1977 (File 31) - Box 53
Lecture material, 1978 (File 32) - Box 53
Lecture material, 1979 (File 33) - Box 53
Lecture material, 1980-81 (File 34) - Box 53
Lecture material, 1982 (File 35) - Box 53
Lecture material, 1983 (File 36) - Box 54
Lecture material, 1985-86 (File 37) - Box 54
Lecture material, 1988 (File 38-39) - Box 54
Lecture material, 1989 (File 40) - Box 54
Lecture material, 1990-93 (File 41-42) - Box 55

Series 10. The Roman mould of the Australian Catholic Church, 1967-72

Molony's book, The Roman mould of the Australian Catholic Church, is the published version of his thesis completed for his MA studies at the Australian National University. It was published by Melbourne University Press in 1969.

The papers in this series include research notes, reviews and correspondence with Tony Gill, Monsignor C.J. Duffy and Melbourne University Press regarding the publication of the book.

Research notes (File 1) - Box 55
Correspondence, 1967-72 (File 2-4) - Box 55, 56
Reviews, 1969-72 (File 5) - Box 56

Series 11. An architect of freedom: John Hubert Plunkett in New South Wales, 1832-1869, 1969-74

Molony's docotoral thesis, An architect of freedom: John Hubert Plunkett in New South Wales, 1832-1869, was published by Australian National University Press, Canberra, in 1973. The book details the life and work of Plunkett, who was appointed Attorney-General in New South Wales in 1836, and who was a leading figure throughout the period of transition from a penal to a self-governing colony.

Included in this series are research notes, correspondence, a small amount of typescript, galley proofs and reviews.

Research notes, 1969-73 (File 1) - Box 56
Correspondence with publishers, 1970-73 (File 2) - Box 56
Typescript of Chapter 4 (pp 1-37) Edited galley proofs (File 3) - Box 57
Reviews, 1973-74 (File 4) - Box 57

Series 12. The emergence of political Catholicism in Italy: Partito Popolare 1919-1926, 1975-77

In 1974, Molony was awarded an exchange scholarship by the Italian Government to undertake one year of study in Rome. His book, The emergence of political Catholicism in Italy: Partito Popolare 1919-1926, resulted from research undertaken while in Rome. It was published by Croom Helm, London, 1977. Contained in this series is a small quantity of papers relating to the book.

Edited typescript and manuscript of first draft (File 1) - Box 57
Correspondence with publishers, 1975-78 (File 2) - Box 57
Reviews, 1977 (File 3) - Box 57

Series 13. I am Ned Kelly, 1977-90

Molony's book, I am Ned Kelly, was published by Allen Lane, Melbourne, in 1980. Molony undertook extensive research for the book, and this research material makes up the major part of this series. Also included is correspondence, an early manuscript and edited typescript drafts.

Research material: index cards (File 1-9) - Box 57, 58, 59
Research material: photocopies of Public Record Office, London, records (File 10-12) - Box 59
Research material: photocopies of records from a variety of sources (File 13-18) - Box 60
Research material: maps (File 19) - Box 61
Research material: notes on the Royal Commission into the Kelly outbreak (File 20) - Box 61
Research material: photocopies of notes of evidence from the trial The Queen-v-Edward Kelly, (File 21-22) - Box 61
Research material: files on Constable Fitzpatrick and the township of Avenel (File 23) - Box 61
Research notes (File 24-26) - Box 61, 62
Research material: transcripts and photocopies of Kelly correspondence, including the Jerilderie letter of 1879 (File 27-28) - Box 62
October 1880 (File 28-29) - Box 62
Research material: newspaper cuttings (File 29) - Box 62
Research material: ephemera and booklets relating to Kelly (File 30) - Box 62
Copies of papers written/presented by others on topics relating to Kelly (File 31) - Box 62
Research material used for Chapters 1 and 4 of the book 33 Research material used for Chapter 7 of the book (File 32) - Box 63
Correspondence: research enquiries and with publishers, 1977-79 (File 34-35) - Box 63
Early manuscript (File 36) - Box 63
Edited typescript (File 37-39) - Box 63, 64
Notes and drafts of a paper on Kelly, presented by Molony at the Third National Folklore Conference, Canberra, 1988 (File 40) - Box 64
Copies of papers relating to Kelly by Bob Reece and Deborah Rose, c1990 (File 41) - Box 64

Series 14. Eureka, 1980-84

Molony's book, Eureka, is an account of the bloody uprising in 1854 of 200 gold diggers at the Eureka mine near Ballarat, in protest over government taxes. It was published by Viking, Melbourne, in 1984. Papers relating to this book are included in this series, and comprise correspondence, research material and a small amount of draft manuscript.

Research material: index cards (File 1-7) - Box 64, 65, 66, 67
Research material: photocopies of records from various sources (File 8-13) - Box 68, 69
Research notes (File 14-17) - Box 69
Research material: copies of thesis papers on topics of relevance to Eureka (File 18-19) - Box 70
Correspondence relating to research and with publishers, 1980-85; Reviews, 1984 (File 20) - Box 70
Draft manuscript of Chapters 1-15 (File 21-22) - Box 70
Fragments of draft typescript (File 23-24) - Box 70
Research material: photocopies of records from various sources (File 25) - Folio-Box 1

Series 15. The Penguin history of Australia, 1985-89

In 1985, the Australian Bicentennial Authority (ABA) commissioned Molony to write a one-volume General History of Australia for the 1988 Bicentenary. In an arrangement with the Australian National University, Molony resigned as Head of the Department of History, but retained his Chair of History. The ABA funded the cost of a replacement lecturer and provided Molony with a research grant. The book was published by Viking, Melbourne, 1987.

Papers relating to the project are contained in this series. They include correspondence with publishers and the ABA, financial records relating to the project, edited manuscript and typescript and reviews. Also included are congratulatory letters on the publication of the book. Correspondents include Ken Inglis, John Ritchie and Russel Ward.

Financial records, 1985-88 (File 1) - Box 71
Correspondence, 1985-89 (File 2-3) - Box 71
Edited manuscript, 1986 (File 4) - Box 71
Edited typescript (File 5) - Box 71
Edited proofs (File 6) - Box 72
Correspondence and reviews, following the release of the book, 1988 (File 7) - Box 72

Series 16. The worker question: a new historical perspective on Rerum novarum, 1984-91

In 1984, Molony spent one year in Rome, undertaking research in the Vatican Archives. His book, The worker question: a new historical perspective on Rerum novarum, about the encyclical letter entitled Rerum Novarum issued by Pope Leo XIII in 1891, is the result of this research. It was published by Collins Dove, Melbourne, in 1991.

The papers in this series include correspondence with publishers (1990-91) and colleagues, including Charles Mayne (to whom the book is dedicated), Bede Nairn and Tony Gill.

Research material (File 1) - Box 72
Correspondence, 1984-91 (File 2) - Box 72
Edited manuscript and typescript (File 3-4) - Box 72, 73
Typescript of a talk by Molony on Rerum Novarum, nd (File 5) - Box 73
Photographs used in the book (File 6) - Folio-Box 1

Series 17. A soul came into Ireland: Thomas Davis, 1814-1845, 1993-96

In 1990, Molony took up the appointment of the Keith Cameron Professorship of Australian History at University College, Dublin. During this time he undertook the research for his book A soul came into Ireland: Thomas Davis, 1814-1845, the biography of the 19th century Irish patriot Thomas Davis. It was published by Geography Publications, Dublin, in 1995.

The bulk of the papers contained in this series comprise research material relating to the book. Also included is correspondence, mostly between Molony and William Nolan of Geography Publications, regarding the writing, editing and publication of the book.

Research material: index cards (File 1-4) - Box 73, 74, 75
Research material: photocopies of published sources (File 5-7) - Box 75, 76
Research notes Photographs of a statue of Davis and his headstone (File 8-9) - Box 76
Research material: photocopies of unpublished theses on related topics (File 10-11) - Box 76
Correspondence, 1993-96 (File 12) - Box 77
Manuscript of Chapter 1 (File 13) - Box 77
Papers relating to the book launch, 1995 Reviews, 1995 (File 14) - Box 77

Series 18. Other published writings by Molony, 1955-92

As well as his books, during the course of his career, Molony has published journal and newspaper articles, numerous book reviews and chapters in books, mostly biographical dictionaries. Papers relating to these published works are contained in this series.

Copies of the Ballarat Diocesan Journal, Light, to which Molony regularly contributed historical articles, 1955-63 (File 1-2) - Box 77
Review of a booklet written by Molony entitled Moral re-armament, published by the Australian Catholic Truth Society, 1961 (File 3) - Box 78
Typescripts and cuttings of book reviews, 1965-93; Correspondence regarding reviews, 1971-89 (File 4-6) - Box 78
Typescript copies of Letters to the Editor, 1988-89; Cuttings of newspapers articles, 1966-79 (File 7) - Box 78
Typescripts and cuttings of newspapers articles, 1981-91 (File 8) - Box 78
Papers and drafts of chapters for books, 1967-92 (File 9) - Box 78

Series 19. Unpublished writings by Molony

This series comprises a small group of mostly undated typescripts of unpublished writings by Molony. Works include fictional short stories, chapters of unidentified books and political writings. There are also religious writings, including one piece with comments by Manning Clark, and a television proposal for a history series.

Fictional short stories Short play (File 1) - Box 79
Book chapters (File 2-3) - Box 79
Religious writings (File 4) - Box 79
Political writings Television proposal, 1987 (File 5) - Box 79

Series 20. Speeches by Molony, 1969-96

On numerous occasions over the course of his career, Molony has been invited to give speeches at functions ranging from academic occasions, political dinners, sports dinners, farewell dinners and as a guest speaker. Contained in this series are manuscripts, typescripts and note cards relating to these speeches.

Undated note cards and typescripts (File 1) - Box 80
Speeches, 1969-77 (File 2) - Box 80
Speeches, 1980-83 (File 3) - Box 80
Speeches, 1985 (File 4) - Box 80
Speeches, 1987-89 (File 5-6) - Box 80
Speeches, 1990-91 (File 7) - Box 80
Speeches, 1992-94 (File 8) - Box 81
Australian Catholic University Aquinas lectures, 1994 (File 9) - Box 81
Speeches, 1995-96 (File 10) - Box 81

Series 21. Research material

The research material in this series was accumulated by Molony and covers a range of topics. It includes a large group of papers relating to a project entitled The Colony of "Australia" and to Charles Gavan Duffy, Premier of Victoria, who also published a biography of Thomas Davis in 1894. These papers include photocopies of government records, newspaper cuttings, photocopies of correspondence between Duffy and Parkes regarding Federation and a letter from Duffy's grandson to Molony regarding his research (1984).

Copies of papers and journal articles written by others (File 1-3) - Box 81, 82
Newspaper cuttings (File 4) - Box 82
Notes and index cards (File 5) - Box 82
Note cards relating to William Charles Wentworth (File 6) - Box 82
Material on the early Australian Police Force (File 7-8) - Box 83
Australian politics (File 9-10) - Box 83
The Wool Industry (File 11) - Box 83
Charles Gavan Duffy (File 12-16) - Box 84
The Colony of "Australia" (File 17-26) - Box 85, 86
Miscellaneous material (File 27-29) - Box 87
Duffy: photocopies of papers relating to Intercolonial Conferences he attended (File 30) - Folio-Box 1
Colony of Australia: photocopies of government records (File 31) - Folio-Box 1

Series 22. Newsletters and other publications, 1982-95

This series contains a small group of newsletters and publications accumulated by Molony.

Williamstown Historical Society Newsletter, 1987-95; NCRC Newsletter, published by the National Catholic Research Council, 1988 (File 1) - Box 87
Canberra and District Historical Society Newsletter, 1982-83 (File 2) - Box 87
Miscellaneous newsletters, journals and publications (File 3-6) - Box 88

Series 23. Australian Rules Football, 1971-95

Molony has long been a keen follower and supporter of Australian Rules Football, both in the ACT and nationally. Over the years he has been involved with the Australian National University Australian Rules Football Club (ANUARF), of which he was President, a committee member of the ACT Australian Football League (ACTAFL), the Belconnen Australian Football Club (BAFC), of which he has been President and Chairman, a committee member of the National Football League of Australia (NFLA), Chair of the National Competition Committee and a committee member of the ACT Academy of Sport.

The papers in this series comprise correspondence, minutes of meetings, reports, submissions, discussion papers, financial statements and newspaper cuttings relating to the various football organisations with which Molony has been involved.

ANUARF papers, 1971, 1976-78, 1988 (File 1) - Box 89
ACTAFL papers, 1980-82 (File 2-3) - Box 89
National Competition Feasibility Study, 1985 (File 4) - Box 89
ACTAFL papers, 1987 (File 5) - Box 89
ACTAFL proposal to bid for the Sydney Swans AFL team, 1987-88 (File 6-7) - Box 90
BAFC papers, 1987-90 (File 8) - Box 90
NFLA papers, 1987 (File 9) - Box 90
ACTAFL papers, 1988 (File 10-12) - Box 90, 91
NFLA papers, 1988 (File 14-19) - Box 91, 92
Newspaper cuttings and typescripts of a weekly column on Australian Football, written by Alex Jesaulenko and published in the Canberra Times, 1988 (File 20) - Box 92
ACT Academy of Sport, 1988-89 (File 21-23) - Box 93
BAFC papers, 1989-90 (File 24-25) - Box 94
ACTAFL papers, 1989 (File 26-27) - Box 94
NFLA papers, 1989 (File 28-32) - Box 94, 95
NFLA papers, 1990 (File 33-34) - Box 95
Miscellaneous papers, 1991-95 (File 35) - Box 95

Series 24. Dante Alighieri Society, 1971-95

Molony has had a long involvement with the Dante Alighieri Society in Canberra, having been both a committee member and President. In 1990, the Italian Government honoured Molony with the award of Onorificenza Cavaliere OMRI, in recognition of his contribution to the interests of Italian culture.

Correspondence and committee papers relating to Molony's involvement with the Society are contained in this series, together with copies of the Society's newsletter.

Papers, 1971-80 (File 1) - Box 96
Papers, 1981 (File 2-3) - Box 96
Papers, 1982-85 (File 4) - Box 96
Papers, 1986-88 (File 5) - Box 96
Papers, 1989-90 (File 6) - Box 96
Papers, 1991-95 (File 7) - Box 97
Miscellaneous newsletters and newspapers relating to Italy (File 8) - Box 97

Series 25. CRIPAC Press, 1971-73

This series contains papers relating to the religious education publishing company CRIPAC Press, of which Molony was a founding member. In 1972, during a time of legal problems, Molony was elected Chairman of Directors and oversaw the transfer of the business operations to Dove Communications. Papers include correspondence, legal documents, financial statements, minutes of meetings and copies of the religious education journal Shalom, which was published by CRIPAC Press.

Papers relating to CRIPAC Press, 1971-73 (File 1-2) - Box 97

Series 26. Australian Labor Party, 1973-96

Molony has had a long involvement with the Australian Labor Party (ALP). He has been a member of the ACT Branch, and has held the positions of Secretary and President.

The papers in this series comprise correspondence, committee papers, conference papers and newsletters relating to Molony's involvement with the ALP.

Miscellaneous notes and note cards (File 1) - Box 97
Conference papers from Molony's participation in the 30th Federal Conference of the ALP, Surfers Paradise, 1973 (File 2) - Box 97
Conference papers from Molony's participation in the inaugural conference of the ACT Branch of the ALP, 1973 (File 3) - Box 98
Papers, 1973 (File 4) - Box 98
Papers, 1976-96 (File 5) - Box 98

Series 27. Australian Bicentennial Authority, 1977-83

Molony was Chair of the Australian Bicentenary Authority's History and Political Democracy Task Force, which was set up to consider various projects which could be undertaken to mark the Bicentenary.

Included in this series are minutes of meetings, correspondence, committee papers and reports.

Papers, 1977-80 (File 1-2) - Box 98, 99
Papers, 1981-83 (File 3-5) - Box 99
Minutes of meetings, 1982 (File 6-7) - Box 99

Series 28. Australian Society for the Study of Labour History, 1979-95

The small group of papers in this series relate to Molony's involvement with the Australian Society for the Study of Labour History, of which he was a committee member and President for many years. Included is correspondence, minutes of meetings and copies of the Society's newsletter Recorder.

Papers relating to the Australian Society for the Study of Labour History, 1979-95 (File 1-2) - Box 100

Series 29. Indo-China Refugee Association, 1979-95

Molony has been involved with the Indo-China Refugee Association for a number of years as both a committee member and President (1988). Activities of the organisation include the settling of newly arrived refugees and liaising with Government authorities on their behalf.

The papers in this series comprise correspondence, minutes of meetings, reports, Government publications, newspaper cuttings and copies of the ICRA newsletter.

Correspondence and papers, 1979-87 (File 1-2) - Box 100
Correspondence and papers, 1982-85 (File 3) - Box 100
Correspondence and papers, 1988 (File 4-9) - Box 101
Correspondence and papers, 1988-89 (File 10-12) - Box 102
Correspondence and papers, 1989 (File 13) - Box 102
Correspondence and papers, 1990-95 (File 14) - Box 102

Series 30. Canberra History Project, 1984-91

Molony was one of the supervisors of a bicentenary project to produce a three-volume history of Canberra, to be written by Jim Gibbney, Lyall Gillespie and Eric Sparke. Sparke and Gibbney received scholarships from the Department of Territories and Local Government to undertake the project. Two volumes, Canberra 1913-1953 by Gibbney and Canberra 1954-1980 by Sparke were published in 1988 and the third, Canberra 1820-1913 by Gillespie, was published in 1991.

This series comprises correspondence, minutes of meetings and news cuttings relating to the project.

Correspondence, minutes of meetings and news cuttings relating to the Canberra History Project, 1984-91 (File 1) - Box 102

Series 31. Church papers, 1985-94

Since leaving the priesthood, Molony has continued to play an active role within the Catholic Church. The papers in this series reflect this involvement and comprise three groups. Firstly, papers relating to Molony's involvement with the task force for the visit to Canberra of Pope John Paul II in 1986. Included is correspondence, drafts of statements, addresses and homilies and tour arrangements. Secondly, papers relating to the 1989 Diocesan Synod, at which Molony was the appointed representative for the Archdiocese of Canberra and Goulburn. And thirdly, papers relating to Molony's involvement in the preparation of the 1994 Social Justice Sunday Statement on Unemployment on behalf of the Australian Catholic Bishops. The Statement was formulated following an approach made to Molony, in 1993, by Michael Costigan, then Executive Officer for the Australian Catholic Social Justice Council. Molony's draft statement was subsequently rejected by the Council. Included is correspondence, research material and drafts of the statement.

Papal visit, 1985-86 (File 1) - Box 103
Diocesan Synod, 1989 (File 2-3) - Box 103
Statement on Unemployment, 1993-94 (File 4-9) - Box 103, 104

Series 32. Eureka Stockade, 1988-97

The papers in this series relate to Molony's involvement as a committee member of the group Eureka's Children, and with the Eureka Stockade Memorial Trust of which he was both an historical consultant and a trustee. They comprise papers relating to meetings of the Executive Committee of Eureka's Children and correspondence, applications for funding, minutes of meetings, design submissions and background material for the Eureka Stockade Memorial Trust's project to redevelop the site of the Eureka uprising in Ballarat.

Undated papers and ephemera (File 1) - Box 105
Correspondence and papers, 1988-89 (File 2) - Box 105
Correspondence and papers, 1992-94 (File 3) - Box 105
Correspondence and papers, 1995 (File 4) - Box 105
Submissions regarding the draft background text, which were received by the Eureka Historic Content Sub-Committee, 1996 (File 5) - Box 105
Correspondence and papers, 1996-97 (File 6-8) - Box 105, 106
Newspaper cuttings, 1993-97 (File 9) - Box 106
Bound copies of the Interim Design Brief and accompanying background material, 1995 (File 10) - Box 106
Design plans (1996) and copies of old sketches of the site (File 11)

Class Acc06.031. Consignment Added 2006

Comprises correspondence, research material and writings. Material from the 1950s to 1974 relates to Molony's humanitarian, political and church activities. The papers from 1989-2005 include Eureka's Children Inc. minutes, Australian National University Emeritus Faculty files, material relating to a petition against an ANU-Canberra College of Advanced Education merger in 1989 and Republic of the Free Campaign 1997 papers.

Contained in 12 cartons.


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