Guide to the Papers of George Collingridge

MS 9395

National Library of Australia

Table of Contents

  1. Collection Summary
  2. Introduction
    1. Scope and Contents
    2. Conditions Governing Access
    3. Conditions Governing Use
    4. Preferred Citation
    5. Provenance
  3. Biographical Note
  4. Item Descriptions
    1. Series 1. The first discovery of Australia: a critical, documentary and historic investigation concerning the priority of discovery in Australasia by Europeans before the arrival of Lieut. James Cook, in the 'Endeavour', in the year 1770
    2. Series 2. 'Voyages to Australasia: the first voyages of the Dutch East India Company'
    3. Series 3. Form and color, 189?
    4. Series 4. The first discovery of Australia and New Guinea: being the narrative of Portuguese and Spanish discoveries in the Australasian regions, between the years 1492-1606, with descriptions of their old charts
    5. Series 5. Alice in one dear land
    6. Series 6. Berowra and the unsolved mystery of its amazing ridge
    7. Series 7. It: is principally a collection of wood cuts
    8. Series 8. Round and round the world
    9. Series 9. Pictures and places
    10. Series 10. 'Columbus's Cipango'
    11. Series 11. Pacifika: the antediluvian world
    12. Series 12. Tales of the Papal Zouaves, n.d
    13. Series 13. 'The island of the hand of Satan: a story of the Spanish Main and the solution of the mystery concerning the first voyage to Australia'
    14. Series 14. The seven stages of art in Australasia: notes to serve for the history of art in Australasia
    15. Series 15. Other writings of Collingridge
    16. Series 16. Miscellaneous papers
    17. Series 17. Sales records
    18. Series 18. Biographical material, 1895-1923
  5. Online Items
  6. Related Documentation

Collection Summary

Title
Papers of George Collingridge
Date Range
1895-1930
Collection Number
MS 9395
Extent
1.4 metres (10 boxes, 1 folio)
Language of Materials
English
Repository
National Library of Australia

Introduction

Scope and Contents

The bulk of the papers comprise original manuscripts of works by Collingridge. They consist of drafts of a number of his published works, together with drafts of a large number of articles. Some of the manuscripts include sketches, maps, mock-ups and lists of subscribers. Apart from one business letter, there is no correspondence included in the papers. Most of the papers are undated.

Accompanying the papers was a hand-painted globe, made from a wooden newel post, depicting world geography in 1530. Dating from the late 19th century, it is believed to be one of the earliest globes made in Australia. This globe has been transferred to the Maps Section of the Library (RM 3429)

The papers are evidence of Collingridge's wide-ranging interests. They bring together a large quantity of his writings and provide evidence of his sources, his skills as a creative writer and the methods he used in producing his books.

Conditions Governing Access

Please refer to the collection's catalogue record for the access conditions (http://nla.gov.au/nla.cat-vn89978).

Conditions Governing Use

Copying and publishing of unpublished manuscript material is subject to copyright restrictions. For such material, written permission to publish must be obtained from the copyright holder(s). Copying of unpublished material for research purposes is permissible 50 years after the death of the creator of the material.

Preferred Citation

Items from this collection should be cited as '[Title or description of manuscript item], Papers of George Collingridge, National Library of Australia, MS 9395, [box number and series and/or folder number]'.

Provenance

The papers of George Collingridge were purchased from Hordern House Rare Books in 1999.

Biographical Note

George Alphonse Collingridge de Tourcey was an artist, engraver, cartographer, linguist, historian and writer. He was born in Oxfordshire on 28 October 1847. In 1853 he moved with his family to Paris where he was educated at the Jesuit College, Vaugirard. In 1863, Collingridge studied architecture under Viollet le Duc and entered Horcholle's studio as an apprentice in wood engraving. He left architecture to study painting, attending classes at the Ecole des Beaux Arts and studying under the artist Corot. Collingridge became an expert wood engraver and worked for all the leading illustrated newspapers of the day. At the 1879 International Exhibition in Paris, he was awarded the bronze medal for engraving. In 1878, Collingridge was one of three engravers selected by Le Monde Illustre to accompany the artist Vierge to Madrid to cover the marriage of the King Alfonso XII of Spain.

In 1867 Collingridge went to Italy and enlisted in the Papal Zouaves to fight the Garibaldians. He served with distinction and was mentioned for bravery, receiving the Mentana Cross and the Cross of St Gregory the Great.

In 1879 Collingridge followed his brother Arthur to Australia, and joined the staff of the Illustrated Sydney News. The brothers became important identities in the Sydney art world, teaching in art schools and in technical colleges. Collingridge was a staff member of the Sydney Technical College for some years. In 1880 they founded the Royal Art Society of New South Wales. In 1888 Collingridge published Australian Art, the first Australian journal devoted to art.

Collingridge was a prolific author, writing a number of books and articles on a wide range of subjects. He had a passion for the geographical history of the Pacific and researched the history of Australian maritime exploration widely. His most acclaimed work was The discovery of Australia, which was published in 1895. This book was the first serious attempt at a geographical history of Australia and dealt with the discovery of the continent prior to Cook's arrival. Collingridge was a strong supporter of Portuguese priority in the discovery of Australia, publishing some 30 articles on the subject.

Collingridge was also an accomplished linguist, being fluent in six languages and Esperanto. He set up the first Esperanto Club in Australia in 1908. It was his hope that Esperanto would become the universal language.

The value of Collingridge's work on the early maritime history of the Pacific was recognised in Europe by various Geographical Societies. In 1908, the King of Portugal made him a Knight of Santiago and in 1917 the King of Spain conferred upon him the Order of Isabela la Catolica.

In 1880 Collingridge took up a selection of 88 acres on the bend of Berowra Creek, which later became Collingridge Point, where his stone cottage 'Capo di Monte' still stands. Towards the end of the century he moved to Hornsby. His stone cottage, 'Jave-la-Grande', is now a non-denominational chapel in the Hornsby Ku-ring-gai Hospital grounds. His final residence was 'Nerola' in Balmoral Street, Hornsby.

George Collingridge died in 1931.

Collingridge's published works include:

Australian art: a monthly magazine and journal, published by Collingridge, Jan-Mar 1888

The fantastic islands of the Indian Ocean and of Australasia in the Middle Ages: and their significance in connection with the early cartography of Australia [1894?]

The discovery of Australia: a critical, documentary and historic investigation concerning the priority of discovery in Australasia by Europeans before the arrival of Lieut. James Cook in the 'Endeavour' in the year 1770, Hayes Bros., Sydney, 1895 (Republished by Golden Press in 1983)

Progress: an illustrated journal and magazine devoted to the record of facts concerning the growth, progress and history of Australasia, published by Collingridge, 1898

Form and color, Part 1 & 2, published by Collingridge [189?]

The first discovery of Australia and New Guinea: being the narrative of Portuguese and Spanish discoveries in the Australasian regions, between the years 1492-1606, with descriptions of their old charts, William Brooks, Sydney, 1906

(Facsimile editions published by Pan Books in 1982 and 1989)

La Australia verdastelo: the illustrated Australian magazine for those who know and those who do not know Esperanto, published by Collingridge, began in 1908; ceased in 1909

The early discovery of Australia and the reason for a 'no man's land' on this continent of ours, W.E. Smith, Sydney, 1912

Alice in one dear land [published by Collingridge, 1922]

Through the joke in class [published by Collingridge, 1923]

It: is principally a collection of wood cuts [published by Collingridge, 1924]

Berowra & the unsolved mystery of its amazing ridge, published by Collingridge [1924]

Round and round the world, published by Collingridge [1925-1927]

Pictures and places, published by Collingridge [1926]

Pacifika: the antediluvian world, published by Collingridge [1928-1930?]

Item Descriptions

Series 1. The first discovery of Australia: a critical, documentary and historic investigation concerning the priority of discovery in Australasia by Europeans before the arrival of Lieut. James Cook, in the 'Endeavour', in the year 1770

Collingridge had a great interest in the early geographical history of Australia. He spent 14 years and a considerable sum of money researching the subject. He produced a book of his theories entitled The first discovery of Australia: a critical, documentary and historic investigation concerning the priority of discovery in Australasia by Europeans before the arrival of Lieut. James Cook, in the 'Endeavour', in the year 1770, which was published in Sydney by Hayes Bros in 1895.

The bulk of this series consists of fragments of research notes relating to the discovery of Australia. There is a small amount of manuscript directly relating to the book. There are also manuscripts of articles on related subjects, a map entitled 'Jave le Grande' and lecture notes.

Also included is a letter to Collingridge from Professor G. Arnold Wood, University of Sydney, dated 20 April 1917, with a query about the book.

File 1-6. Research notes and manuscripts of articles - Box 1

File 7. Manuscript, lecture notes and letter from Professor Wood - Box 1

File 1-2. [folio items]1 page of research notes and 1 map

Series 2. 'Voyages to Australasia: the first voyages of the Dutch East India Company'

File 1. A manuscript of a work by Collingridge entitled 'Voyages to Australasia: the first voyages of the Dutch East India Company' - Box 2

It is believed that this work was published in the periodical Progress: an illustrated journal and magazine devoted to the record of facts concerning the growth, progress and history of Australasia, which was published by Collingridge in 1898.

Series 3. Form and color, 189?

In the late 1890s Collingridge wrote and published Form and color, a seven-part series of booklets of lessons in drawing and painting, which Collingridge offered by post.

File 1-2. Manuscripts and notes, mainly relating to Parts 1 and 2 of the series. Also included is a complete mock-up booklet of Parts 1 and 2 - Folio-Box 2

Series 4. The first discovery of Australia and New Guinea: being the narrative of Portuguese and Spanish discoveries in the Australasian regions, between the years 1492-1606, with descriptions of their old charts

Collingridge was commissioned by the Under-Secretary of Public Instruction to prepare a condensed and revised edition of his book The discovery of Australia for use in schools. Before the book was issued, the Under-Secretary died, and his successor declined to accept the book. The book was published by William Brookes in 1906, under the title The first discovery of Australia and New Guinea.

File 1. A small bound manuscript booklet and a segment of a draft for the book - Box 2

The front section of the booklet contains a draft list of maps and the list of engravings for the book. The remainder of the booklet is the draft of a work entitled 'The 300th anniversary of the discovery of Australia'. This work does not appear in the published version of the book.

Series 5. Alice in one dear land

Collingridge wrote and published two small children's books entitled Alice in one dear land and Through the joke in class. Set in Australia, they were inspired by the novels Alice in wonderland and Through the looking glass by Lewis Carroll.

File 1-4. Papers relating to Alice in one dear land, thought to have been published privately by Collingridge in 1922 - Box 2, 3

The papers include three small notebooks containing corrected and annotated printed text of the book with sketches, some of which were not included in the published version. There are also manuscripts of the French version of the book, two small booklets with sales records and the draft of a letter from Collingridge to the editor of La France Australe, dated 4 April 1923, proposing publication.

Series 6. Berowra and the unsolved mystery of its amazing ridge

Collingridge lived for a number of years at Berowra, near Sydney.

File 1-2. Papers relating to Collingridge's book Berowra and the unsolved mystery of its amazing ridge, published by Collingridge around 1924 - Box 3

They include two complete draft manuscripts, incomplete segments of draft manuscript and a printed list entitled 'Names and dates of appointments of licensed surveyors, New South Wales'. Also included is a small booklet, the cover and first few pages of which relate to Collingridge's work Pictures and places (see series 9) and the remainder of which consists of edited draft manuscript and printed text for this book.

Series 7. It: is principally a collection of wood cuts

In about 1924, Collingridge published his book It: is principally a collection of wood cuts, an alphabetical listing of words and their meanings, often humorous, which includes wood cut illustrations.

File 1. One complete manuscript and one segment of manuscript - Box 3

Series 8. Round and round the world

Collingridge travelled widely before coming to Australia to live. During the period 1925-27 he published a six-part series recounting his travels entitled Round and round the world. It was originally proposed to consist of ten parts, but only six were ever published. The papers consist of two distinct but incomplete sets of manuscript and two small segments of manuscript, much of which was not included in the published version.

File 1-3. Manuscript 1 - Box 3

File 4-6. Manuscript 2 - Box 3, 4

File 7. Segments of draft - Box 4

Series 9. Pictures and places

In about 1926 Collingridge published a booklet entitled Pictures and places. The booklet contained wood-cut illustrations of beauty spots of the world, together with Australian places which had some meaning for Collingridge.

Note: Series 6 contains part of a manuscript which relates to this work.

File 1. Layout dummy of the book, a draft list of illustrations and the draft of a circular promoting the book - Box 4

Series 10. 'Columbus's Cipango'

File 1. Two draft manuscripts and various fragments of manuscript of a work by Collingridge, titles of which include 'Columbus's Cipango' and 'Columbus' Cipango: it is not Japan' - Box 5

Series 11. Pacifika: the antediluvian world

During the period 1928-30, Collingridge published a three-part series of historical booklets about a theory that the Antediluvian World was situated in the Pacific Ocean. This series contains research notes and manuscript of Parts 1, 2 and 3 of the series.

File 1-2. Manuscript - Box 5

File 3-4. Research notes - Box 5

Series 12. Tales of the Papal Zouaves, n.d

File 1-4. This series consists of draft manuscript of Collingridge's work Tales of the Papal Zouaves, which it is believed was published. Also included is a translation of a report by a Major O'Reilly of the attack of Spoleto in 1860, published in Souvenir du Régiment des Zouaves Pontificaux par le Bon de Charette. Patay, 2 Décembre 1870 - Box 5, 6

Series 13. 'The island of the hand of Satan: a story of the Spanish Main and the solution of the mystery concerning the first voyage to Australia'

File 1-2. Two draft manuscripts and two original pen and ink drawings of maps relating to a work entitled 'The island of the hand of Satan: a story of the Spanish Main and the solution of the mystery concerning the first voyage to Australia' - Box 6

Series 14. The seven stages of art in Australasia: notes to serve for the history of art in Australasia

File 1. A small segment of manuscript, which includes pen and ink drawings, for a work entitled 'The seven stages of art in Australaisa: notes to serve for the history of art in Australasia' is contained in this series - Box 6

Series 15. Other writings of Collingridge

Collingridge was a prolific author and as well as his books, wrote articles on a wide range of subjects. This series consists of manuscripts, some incomplete, of writings of Collingridge. They include drafts of articles and chapters for proposed books. Some of the drafts include illustrations by Collingridge. Most of the manuscripts are undated, and there is no indication as to whether or not they were published. The manuscripts are listed by title.

File 1. The advent of the bearded strangers: a tale of Peru; An amazingly early description of a kangaroo, 1928; Another queer town, 1903 - Box 7

File 2. At the close: re free-trade; Australia: its discovery as evidenced by ancient charts, 1914; Australia: the baptismal font of Brazil - Box 7

File 3. An Australian calendar' or 'A calendar zodiacal signs for Australia; Australian decorative art, c1926; Australian origins of the winged-disk - Box 7

File 4. Australian planisphere; Bibliotheca Australiana Vetustissima; The beast of Gevauda - Box 7

File 5. The black labour question; The blooming of the red gum, 1901; Christopher Columbus and de Queiroz compared - Box 7

File 6. The early cartography of New Guinea; Early Hawkesbury River farmers; Early notions concerning the shape of the earth - Box 7

File 7. Eating in Australia; The emu and the kangaroo: their early history; The enchanted reeds: a legend of the South Seas - Box 7

File 8. Esperanto jokes; The Federal Capital (in the hand of Collingridge's daughter, Catherine Collingridge); Good words gone astray; The Hereford map of the world - Box 8

File 9. How we lost New Guinea; Ideas floating in air; An Inca tale; The Island of Women: a legend of the Pacific - Box 8

File 10. The islands that went astray; It wasn't the hippopotamus: a tale from Paris; Jonah and the whale - Box 8

File 11. Lope de Vega; The Marseillaise (see also 'The speech of the President of the French Republic'); A nation's art - Box 8

File 12. No man's land: an early French attempt at settlement in Australia; The Northern Territory: Australia's front door; Notes on the rise and spread of certain early emblematic carvings - Box 8

File 13. An old map of the world; The oldest house in Australia and some of its companions; The Papal States - Box 8

File 14. Paul Soleillet, the pioneer; The Pope and Australian lines of demarcation; The rain tree - Box 8

File 15. The resurrection of Poland; The romance of giant birds under the Southern Cross, 1928; The romance of the Great South Land - Box 9

File 16. Romance of Terra Australis and the discovery of Australia; Round about the Philippines in the days of early Spanish conquest; Ruskin - Box 9

File 17. Something about bezoars; The Southern Cross as a guide to early navigators; The sixth sense and Impressionism: a warning - Box 9

File 18. Speech of the President of the French Republic: translated from French; official documents [President Poincaré]; The splendid Australian - Box 9

File 19. Strange words borrowed from the French; Tasman's visit to the three Kings; Vierge - Box 9

File 20. A visit to Styx; Vlaming's post; War in the air - Box 9

File 21. What's wrong with the Irish?; Wood engraving; The wreck of the Vianen on the northwest coast of Australia 300 years - Box 9

Series 16. Miscellaneous papers

File 1-2. A small collection of miscellaneous notes, fragments of manuscripts and several empty folders with titles of articles on the front - Box 10

Series 17. Sales records

File 1. A collection of small notebooks recording sales of various of Collingridge's publications - Box 10

Series 18. Biographical material, 1895-1923

File 1. A small collection of photocopied newspaper articles and a reprint of a photograph of Collingridge, c. 1918. The articles include a review of Collingridge's book The discovery of Australia and items about Collingridge - Box 10