Guide to the Records of Liebig's Extract of Meat Company Ltd (as filmed by the AJCP)



National Library of Australia View Catalogue Record

Created: 2018

Collection Summary

Liebig's Extract of Meat Company Ltd.
Records of Liebig's Extract of Meat Company Ltd (as filmed by the AJCP)
Date Range
December 1897 - 1900
Collection Number
4 items
Language of Materials
Australian Joint Copying Project
The Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP) online portal was created with the assistance of the Australian Public Service Modernisation Fund, 2017-2020. The National Library of Australia gratefully acknowledges the contribution of the other foundation AJCP partners, the State Library of New South Wales and The National Archives of the UK, and all other organisations which supported the work of the AJCP, the world's most extensive collaborative copying project, operating from 1948 to 1997.


Scope and Contents

Typescripts, draft agreement and notes concerning the visits of F.H. Meyer, O. Dutting and C.M. Rotter to Australia. They deal with the Australian cattle industry and possible contract with meatworks, including the Broadsound Meat Co and the North Queensland Meat Export Co.

Conditions Governing Access

Available for Access.

Conditions Governing Use

Many of the records digitised as part of the AJCP are still in copyright. Readers wishing to publish or reproduce documents should seek permission, in the first instance, from the owner of the original material.

Preferred Citation

Acknowledgement of use of this material should refer to the location of the original material and to the Australian Joint Copying Project.

Items from this collection should include references to the location of the original material and to the AJCP nla.obj number, which serves as the online identifier for the digital copy.

Example: M Series: Journal of Capt. James Cook, 18 February 1770, British Library Add. MS 27885 (AJCP ref:

Archival History

Filmed at Unilever PLC, London, as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project, 1986 (AJCP Reel: M2007). Original microfilm digitised as part of the NLA AJCP Online Delivery Project, 2017-2020.

Existence and Location of Originals

Unilever Plc. Unilever House, Blackfriars, London EC4P 4BQ, England.

For further information, see Unilever Archives and Records Management (

Existence and Location of Copies

The original AJCP microfilm of the records filmed from this collection is available at the National Library of Australia [] as well as other institutions holding AJCP microfilm.

Administrative History

Liebig's Extract of Meat Co Ltd was founded in 1865, with its headquarters in Antwerp. It was a pioneer in the production of concentrated food, including the fluid extract Oxo.

In 1847 the celebrated German chemist Justus von Liebig published a treatise on the production of extract of meat. In 1862 an engineer George C. Giebert consulted von Liebig on the commercial production of extract of beef. With the support of Antwerp merchants, the firm of Giebert and Co. was set up in 1863 and a factory established at Fray Bentos in Uruguay. In 1865 Liebig's Extract of Meat Company Ltd. was incorporated in London, taking over Giebert and Co., with Giebert remaining in charge of the factory in Uruguay. The headquarters of the Company were in Antwerp. It was a pioneer in the manufacture of concentrated food and achieved its greatest success in 1899 with the production of the fluid extract Oxo, followed during World War I with the Oxo cube. The company owned 32 subsidiaries and also cattle ranches and canned meat and extract factories in Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, Zimbabwe and the Sudan. In 1968 it amalgamated with Brooke, Bond and Co. In 1985 Brooke Bond Liebig Ltd. was taken over by Unilever PLC.

Finding-Aid Notes

This finding aid is a revised online version of the original finding aid prepared by the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP), published by the National Library of Australia in 2019. The original AJCP finding aids were unpublished typescripts or photocopies available from libraries that held copies of the original microfilm.

Dates used in this finding aid refer to the date range of the records selected for filming rather than to the date range of the Series or Files.


Australia; Broadsound Meat Co; Cattle; Dutting, O.; Great Britain; Liebig's Extract of Meat Co Ltd; Meat industry and trade; Meyer, F.H.; North Queensland Meat Export Co; Rotter, C.M.


Originally cited in Australian Joint Copying Project Handbook. Part 8: Miscellaneous (M) Series. Third Edition, published 1998. Entry 278, p.103.

Item Descriptions

Series LIE/6/1. Miscellaneous, 22 June 1899 - 1900

2 items

Draft agreement between Liebig's Extract of Meat Company Ltd. and Broadsound Meat Company of Queensland (12pp), 1900 (File i)

A.D. (Antwerp). Notes concerning offers of Broadsound Meat Company and North Queensland Meat Export Company (5pp), 22 June 1899 (File ii)

Series LIE/15/1. Visit of F.H. Meyer to Australia, December 1897 - July 1898

1 item

Typescript copies of reports of F.H. Meyer sent to Liebig's Extract of Meat Company, London., December 1897 - July 1898 (File)

The reports were written in Melbourne, Sydney, Rockhampton, Bowen, Townsville, Normanton, Dalgonally, Brisbane and Antwerp. They deal inter alia with visits to Broadsound Boiling Down and Meat Export Company, North Queensland Meat Export Company, Queensland Meat Export and Agency Company, and Central Queensland Meat Export Company. They are written in German, but there are many quotations from publications and prospectuses in English.


Series LIE/15/4. Visit of O. Dutting and C.M. Rotter to Australia, 29 September 1900

1 item

Typescript copy of report of Otto Dutting and C.M. Rotter of visit to Queensland, 29 September 1900 (File)

The report, which is in English, describes visits to Brisbane, St. Lawrence, Rockhampton, Mackay, Townsville, Normanton, Burketown, Hughenden, Bowen, Biboohra, Longreach, Barcaldine and Gladstone. It is divided into four sections: (i) contract for manufacture of extract of beef at Broadsound Meat Company works at St. Lawrence, (ii) possible contracts with other Australian meatworks, (iii) possible acquisition of North Queensland Meat Export Company at Alligator Creek, (iv) survey of cattle industry and meatworks in Australia. There are twenty appendices. Dutting and Rotter opposed entering into contact with or purchasing any Australian meatworks, including the Broadsound Meat Company. They considered that the acquisition of North Queensland Meat Export Company might be justified in order to obtain a footing in a country other than South America.