Guide to the Records of the British Museum (Natural History), Anthropology Library and Archive Section (as filmed by the AJCP)



National Library of Australia View Catalogue Record

Created: 2019

Online Items

Fonds. Bone Analysis

Filmed selectively.

Pages of Australian Series (3p.) (File)

[Gives measurements and site of discovery of specimen.

Fonds. Edward J. Dunn (1844-1937), 1901 - 1914

Collection of miscellaneous manuscripts...

Bibliography of D.J. Dunn's works, 1870-1926 and a list of his 'discoveries' of traces of glaciations, minerals, plants etc. in South Africa and Australia, 1862-1913 (11p.) (File 1)

Fragments of diary of his travels in Australia and New Zealand, 1901 - 1914 (File 2)

Includes notes of anthropological, geological and geographical interest. (10p.)

Draft of a letter to Geological Society, London, n.d. (File 7)

Re method of transmitting funds to the Society on his death via Union Trustees Co. of Melbourne. (1p.)

Stone implements: South Africa and New Zealand, notes on the type of stone chosen and the manufacture of tools (13p.), n.d. (File 9)

Methods of working in stone by different races of man, n.d. (File 10)

Includes general remarks and notes on Tasmania. (Typescript) (8p.)

Fonds. Sir William H. Flower F.R.S. (1831-1899)

Manuscripts and notes [on anthropology].

Series A. Loose Papers and Lectures

Height and Proportions of Skeleton, n.d. (File 1)

Includes measurements of Australian skeletons. (7p.)

Transverse Sections of Hair, n.d. (File 2)

Gives measurements for samples from Australia, and several Pacific Islands. (1p.)

Pelvis. Description and measurements, n.d. (File 3)

Includes: Australian and Pacific Island examples. (65p.)

Orbital Index, n.d. (File 4)

Includes: Tasmanian and Polynesian examples. (11p.)

Nasal Index, n.d. (File 5)

Includes: Australian and Pacific Island examples. (14p.)

Introductory lecture. General introduction to the history of the Science of Anthropology, n.d. (File 6)

Includes early description of 'Australoid Type'. (34p.)

Basilar Angle of Broca, n.d. (File 8)

Includes measurement of Australian examples (10p.)

Age of Skulls (5p.), n.d. (File 9)
Stature, n.d. (File 10)

Includes Australians and Malay examples. (19p.)

Colour of Skin and Hair, n.d. (File 11)

Includes: Malay and Polynesian examples. (11p.)

Lectures on the Principal Types of mankind (Lecture 1), 25 February 1884 (File 12)

Includes comparative material on Malays and Polynesians. (39p.)

Man, Zoologically Considered, n.d. (File 13)

Includes comparison of Malays and Polynesians. (6p.)

The Smallest Races of Man, n.d. (File 14)

Includes examples from the Pacific. (17p.)

Series. Folders

The Folders contain Sir William's working papers, rough notes, measurements and sketches. All contain material on Australian and Pacific Island peoples...

General Craniology (88p.) (File 1)

Includes: Methods and results of measurement of the capacity of crania by William Henry Flower. (9p.)

Proportions of Limb Bones (46p.) (File 2)
Naso-Molar Angle (37p.) (File 3)
Artificial Deformity (54p.) (File 4)
Dentition (65p.) (File 1)
Papuan (File 2)

Includes notes on five Papuan mummy skeletons, and notes on The People of Melanesia. (51p.)

Tasmanian (File 3)

Includes notes for lectures on characteristics of Tasmanian Indigenous Australians, and measurements of Tasmanian bones. (68p.)

New Zealanders or Maoris (3p.) (File 5)
Melanesians (29p.) (File 6)
Chinese and Japanese (File 9)

Includes comparative data from Malaya and Borneo. (30p.)

Polynesians (File 12)

Includes material on New Zealand. (41p.)

Australians (File 13)

Includes lecture notes on characteristics of Indigenous Australians. (69p.)

Africa (File 14)

Includes comparative data on Australians and Pacific Islanders. (70p.)

America (File 15)

Includes comparative data on Australians and Pacific Islanders. (36p.)

Series. Loose Papers

Filmed selectively.

Sheets of statistics on Indo-Malay Archipelago Australia, Melanesian Islands (9p.) (File)

Fonds. Gregory M. Mathews (1876-1949), 1939

G.M. Mathews (Winchester) to C.D. Sherborn (Geologist and Palaeontologist, 1861-1942), 1 March 1939 - 3 March 1939 (File)

Re presenting his ornithological library to the [National Library of] Australia. (2 letters)

Fonds. Rosemary Powers, 1957 - 1961

Anthropology. Newspaper cuttings collected by R. Powers. (10 Vols)

Cannibalism, 1959 - 1960 (File 1)

Pages on cannibalism in Tasmania, New Guinea and New Zealand with cuttings from Reveille and Sunday Express. (2p.)

Archaeology Abroad, 1957 - 1961 (File 2)

Pages from Far East Section on discoveries in Sarawak and North Borneo with cuttings from Sunday Times, Radio Times, Daily Telegraph, Observer, News Chronicle. (19p.)

Living Races, c.1958-1964 (File 3)

Sections on Polynesia and Australia with cuttings from New Scientist, Daily Telegraph, Times, Evening News, Observer, Sunday Times...

Fonds. George Williamson, 1857-1927[?]

Material on the Williamson Collection of human skulls. 5 Items

G. Williamson. Observations on the human crania contained in the Museum of the Army Medical Department, Fort Pitt, Chatham, (1857?-1908) (File 1)

Manuscript. (Damaged, faint in places)...

General introduction and index (Item ff. 3r-6r)
New Caledonian skulls (Item ff. 64r-65l)
Australia, Van Diemen's Land, New Zealand, Pacific Islands, Malay Archipelago (Item ff. 90r-101r)
[Named] criminals executed in New South Wales (Item ff. 107r-109l)
Tables of anatomical measurements (Item ff. 127l-128r)
[Analysis of measurements] (Item ff. 130l-133l)
Appendix on additional murderers and Australian native skulls (Item ff. 133r-134l)
Appendix on additional murderers and Australian native skulls (Item ff. 138l-139r)
Appendix on additional murderers and Australian native skulls (Item ff. 141l-142r)
Appendix on additional murderers and Australian native skulls (Item ff. 143r-145l)

Williamson Collection of Human Crania Revised Catalogue prepared at Oxford by F.H.S. Knowles (and) Professor A. Thomson Manuscript, 1910 (File 2)

Filmed selectively.

Explanatory notes on the classification of the collection (2p.) (Item)
Maps (2p.) (Item)
Index (2p.) (Item)
Indo-Malay Archipelago (2p.) (Item)
Australia (4p.) (Item)
Melanesia (2p.) (Item)
Micronesia (1p.) (Item)
Polynesia (5p.) (Item)
Miscellaneous (Probably New Zealand) (2p.) (Item)

Catalogue of Skulls in the Williamson Collection. Royal Army Medical College. Millbank (Volume 1), n.d. (File 3)

Filmed selectively.

Index (1p.) (Item)
Europe (Includes details of murderers from Hobart) (2p.) (Item)
Indo-Malay Archipelago (2p.) (Item)

Catalogue of Skulls in the Williamson Collection. Royal Army Medical College. Millbank (Volume 2) (File)

Filmed selectively.

Index (1p.) (Item)
Australia (4p.) (Item)
Melanesia (2p.) (Item)
Micronesia (1p.) (Item)
Polynesia (5p.) (Item)
Miscellaneous (Probably New Zealand) (2p.) (Item)

Catalogue of [Skulls] in the Department of Human Anatomy, Oxford (Volume 1), n.d. (File 4)

Gives place and date skull found and various measurements...

Index (3p.) (Item)
Indo-Malay Archipelago (Item ff. 16-17)
Australia (Item ff. 33-36)
Melanesia (Item ff. 37-38)
Micronesia (Item ff. 39)
Polynesia (Item ff. 40-42)

Catalogue of crania illustrating the various races of mankind (University Museum, Oxford) (Volume 2. Europe - South Africa), 1927[?] (File 5)

Gives place and date skull found. Filmed selectively.

Asia - Indo-Malay Archipelago (Item ff. 84-85 (iii))
Polynesia (including New Zealand) (Item ff. 86-90A (iv))
Australia (Item ff. 109-117)
Melanesia (including Tasmania) (Item ff. 118-123A)

See also DF 141/34.

Fonds DF 140. Anthropology Department: Correspondence

Series 140/1. W.P. Pycraft Correspondence, 17 January 1910 - 1944

Filmed selectively.

W.L. Crowther (Hobart) re collection of Tasmanian aborigional skulls and bones for sale, 17 January 1910 (File f. 9)
Eric Reed (London) re collection of Tasmanian aboriginal skulls (see also Cotton), 12 August 1912 - 31 August 1912 (File ff. 10-13)
Note re mummy of Torres Straits Islander. Includes extracts from letter to Dr Gunther from donor John Douglas (File f. 23)

See also: Correspondence with G.L.Pretty. DF 141/106.

Warren Dawson (London) re Torres Straits mummy, 24 February 1924 (File f. 24)
List of specimens ethnological collected by D.W.Gaukrodger, Alice Downs, Blackall (1p.), 1923 - 1944 (File f. 54)
Norman Herbert (London) re Maori skull found on his sheep station, Taurimu, at Turakina in 1888 (2p.), 10 October 1924 (File f. 56)
Department of Internal Affairs (Wellington) re export permit for Maori skulls, 14 April 1925 (File ff. 57-58)
G.C.Wheeler (London) re skulls found at Wagina Island, Solomon Islands, 15 August 1930 (File ff. 84-85)
H.H.Scott (Launceston) re casts of Tasmanian aboriginal skulls, including that of 'Cobia' shot by police in 1844, 28 March 1930; 28 August 1930; 25 November 1930; 27 November 1930; 18 February 1930 (File ff. 124-132)
W.H.Farrar (Niugooloo Station, W.A.) re aboriginal skulls, 8 June 1914 (File ff. 250-251)
J.Cotton (Triabunna, Tasmania) re Maori heads for sale, 22 April 1914; 2 April 1914 (File ff. 258-261)

(See also Reed)

Series 140/2. F.C.Fraser Correspondence, 19 August 1934 - 20 September 1935

Filmed selectively.

H.H.Scott (Launceston), 19 August 1934 - 17 January 1935 (File 1934/11)

Re photographes of Tasmanian Indigenous Australians, together with key to Indigenous Australians in 'Bay of Fires' by Robert Dowling, 1859. (8p.)

N.W. Gregory Walker (London), 20 September 1935 (File 1935/5)

Re photographes of Indigenous Australians he obtained in Adelaide from Holden, who had recently been on an expedition to Central Australia.

Series 140/3. F.C.Fraser Correspondence, 30 July 1936 - 3 February 1937

Filmed selectively.

G.C.Wheeler (London) re skulls from Solomon Islands he has given to the museum, 30 July 1936 (File 1936/10)
BM(NH). Ack, 7 August; 24 August 1936 (File)
Frank Steadman (London) re Tasmanian skulls (4p.), 9 December 1936 - 29 December 1936 (File 1936/16)
Joan M.Aspinall (Aughton) re skulls found at ancient burial ground 18 miles from Chaffey, S.A. (5p.), 19 January 1937 - 3 February 1937 (File 1937/1-4)

Series 140/4. F.C.Fraser Correspondence, 26 October 1948 - 11 October 1949

Filmed selectively.

Alphonse Riedenfeld (New York) requesting details of their skeletal material from Melanesia, 26 October 1948 (File)
BM(NH) reply, listing material in the collections, 2 December 1948 (File)
W.J.Phillips (Dominion Museum, Wellington) requesting copies of photographs of Maoris, 4 August 1949 (File)
BM(NH) reply that the Museum's photographic collection was damaged during the war, 11 October 1949 (File)

Series 140/7. K.P.Oakley Correspondence, F - W

Filmed selectively.

Subseries. Folder Noone, 18 June 1957 - 11 December 1957
Correspondence between K.P.Oakley and Herbert Vander Vard Noone (Killeney, Vichy, Nice, London, North Adelaide, Bandarawela, Ceylon) (15 letters), 3 January 1949 - 15 February 1954? (File 1)

Subjects include: Tool making, locations in Australia of exchange material from Australian Museum, taking of a photograph of Austrobo stone-working site...

Correspondence between Norah Noone (Walmer, Kent) and K.P. Oakley (6 letters), 29 September (1956?) - 10 January (1959?) (File 2)

Subjects include: Her sons, her husband's career.

Norman Tindale (South Australian Museum, Adelaide) to Oakley an appreciation of Noone, 18 June 1957 (File 3)
Oakley (BM(NH)) to Gale de G. Sieveking (BM), sending collection of Late Stone Age artifacts from Ceylon collected by Noone, 11 December 1957 (File 4)

Fonds DF 141. Anthropology Department: Subject files, 20 March 1946 - 13 December 1966

Filmed selectively.

W.G.Trotman (Caves Reserve, Naracoorte) re present whereabouts of a mummified Indigenous Australian found in the Big Cave, Naracoorte in 1859, 11 June 1952 - 21 June 1952 (File 17 [GL 1952/55])

Includes reply to Trotman: that his mummy is not in the Museum.

Frank Ellis (Launceston) re his survey of extant skeletal and preserved remains of Tasmanian Indigenous Australians, 3 June 1953 - 10 June 1953 (File 26 [GL 1953/50])

Includes reply to Ellis with a list of the Museum's collections.

Kenneth Pawson (Nuku'alofa) sending specimens from Tonga (copy), 7 June 1953 - 21 November 1953 (File 27 [GL 1953/77])

Includes reply Kenneth Pawson (Launceston) sending skull from Maka'a Island.

Correspondence on the Williamson collection of skulls, which includes Australian material (24p., 20 March 1946 - 19 December 1957 (File 35 [AL 1954/15A])

[see Williamson material in Library Section]

Correspondence on Torres Straits mummies and decorated heads (21p.), 27 April 1962 - 22 July 1960 (File 106 [AL 1962/7])

Correspondents Include: T.F.Spence (Birmingham) re Dyak trophy skulls; Douglas Newton (New York) re skulls from New Guinea formally in collections of Royal College of Surgeons; Graeme Pretty (Adelaide) re mummies from Torres Straits; includes drawing of BM(NH) specimen and notes on specimens held. See also DF 140/1 f. 23.

Everett Collection, Sarawak (51p.), 8 April 1959 - 23 October 1959 (File 109 [AL 1959/20])

Correspondence between BM(NH) and Tom Harrisson (Sarawak Museum) re collection of remains from Sarawak Caves forwarded to the Museum by A.Hart Everett; possible sharp practice by Everett and connection with Dawson in Piltdown Hoax.

New Zealand anthropology (15p.), 10 September 1958 - 13 December 1966 (File 116)

Includes: Correspondence with Cecil M.Bevan (Minehead) re skull of Maori brought back from New Zealand by H.White Wickham.

F.A.Robinson (Clevedon) re his visit in 1894-1895 to Chatham Islands and the Moriou teeth he picked up, 9 February 1953 - 16 February 1953 (File 139 [GL 1953/15])

Includes reply to Robinson suggesting teeth be returned to New Zealand.