Guide to the Papers of the Tyson Family


MS 877

National Library of Australia View Catalogue Record

Collection Summary

Tyson Family
Papers of the Tyson Family
Date Range
Collection Number
MS 877
0.03 metres (2 folders)
Language of Materials
National Library of Australia


Scope and Contents

MS 877 contains documents relating to claims to inheritance; and to the administration of Tyson’s estate from 1898 to 1907.

It includes a diary of James Tyson and also notes on the Tyson family prepared by a descendant in 1961.

Conditions Governing Access

Please refer to the collection's catalogue record for the access conditions (

Conditions Governing Use

Copying and publishing of unpublished manuscript material is subject to copyright restrictions. For such material, written permission to publish must be obtained from the copyright holder(s). Copying of unpublished material for research purposes is permissible 50 years after the death of the creator of the material.

Preferred Citation

Items from this collection should be cited as '[Title or description of manuscript item], Papers of the Tyson Family, National Library of Australia, MS 877, [box number and series and/or file number]'.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Received in 1963.

Existence and Location of Copies

The collection has been microfilmed (G7727-7728)


Note that the collection starts at Series 9; Series 1 to Series 8 are held separately at MS 34.

Separated Materials

Note that further papers of James Tyson are held at MS 34.

Biographical Note

James Tyson was a pastoralist who acquired extensive properties through Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria becoming a legendary figure during his life time, celebrated in a poem by A. B. Paterson “T.Y.S.O.N.” He died intestate in 1898 leaving and estate of £2,500,000. See Australian Encyclopaedia volume 9.

Item Descriptions

Series 9. Diary of James Tyson, 21 July 1863-13 December 1864

Contained in 1 memo book. 8 x 13 cm. This is a rough diary in pencil and ink (some pages illegible) including memoranda of stock, stores and other purchases and payments; some details of property transactions and properties – one entry lists runs, licence fees payable and assessments as at (30 December 1863?); and notes of movements and people met. Contains some account of case McEvoy v Tyson. 139p. MS 877/1

Series 10. Document of James (Scrammy) Tyson Establishing His Claim As Nephew To James Tyson

Document headed “Call James Tyson, of Hay, New South Wales, Gentleman. To prove: I am a nephew of the late Honarable James Tyson.” 11p. Typescript carbon. Double spaced. 40 x 34 ins. n.d. A copy of this is included in Item 4 below where it is described as being a “Document found in the Bank of New South Wales Branch in Hay, written by James Tyson (Scrammy)”. This gives considerable of the business habits, life and property acquisitions of the Hon. James Tyson and autobiographical information of James (Scrammy) Tyson. MS 877/2

Series 11. Report On Estate of James Tyson

“Report of Queensland Trustees Limited, Administrators of the Queensland Estate of the Honarable James Tyson, M.L.C. Late of Felton, in the State of Queensland, Grazier, Deceased, Intestate, to his next-of-kin together with Balance Sheets and Summarised Accounts showing the administration of the Queensland Estate from 4 December, 1898 (date of death, to 31 December, 1907”. Dated 10 February 1908. 1 volume 108p. MS 87/3

Series 12. Miscellaneous

Typescript headed ‘Tyson Clan’ and dated 33 July, 1961. Xerox copy 9p. (Prepared by the National Library of Australia from original loaned by Mr A.P. Tyson of “Hambledon”, Tarcutta, NSW). Three pages consist of a copy of Item 2 above, the remaining page considerable genealogical and other information on James Tyson and on the Tyson descendents generally. MS 877/4

Extract from the Riverine Grazier 1p. (Xerox copy) of MS copy of an extract from the Riverine Grazier n.d. of drive by car of Mr. Albert Tyson from Melbourne to Hay in ten and a half hours; an average speed of 27 m.p.h. MS 877/5