Guide to the Papers relating to William Lane and the New Australia Colony

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MS 3205

National Library of Australia View Catalogue Record

Collection Summary

Title
Papers relating to William Lane and the New Australia Colony
Date Range
1890-1930
Collection Number
MS 3205
Extent
.06 metres (1 folder + 1 volume)
Language of Materials
English
Repository
National Library of Australia
Sponsor
The digitisation of the Library’s Currency Collection was made possible by the generous financial support of donors to the Banknotes and Currency Preservation Appeal (2015). The Library gratefully acknowledges this support.

Introduction

Scope and Contents

Letters, documents, currency and newspaper clippings relating to William Lane and the New Australia Colony.

Conditions Governing Access

Please refer to the collection's catalogue record for the access conditions (http://catalogue.nla.gov.au/Record/345282).

Conditions Governing Use

Copying and publishing of unpublished manuscript material is subject to copyright restrictions. For such material, written permission to publish must be obtained from the copyright holder(s). Copying of unpublished material for research purposes is permissible 50 years after the death of the creator of the material.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Acquired as part of the collection of Sir John Ferguson, bibliographer and judge.

Historical Note

The utopian communal settlement of New Australia was founded by journalist and trade unionist William Lane in 1893 near Asuncion, Paraguay. After a schism in the original colony, Lane set up a new colony, Cosme, 72 kilometres south of New Australia.

Item Descriptions

Volume containing papers and cuttings (File 1)

Includes a ‘Plan for village organisation, unanimously adopted as the Constitution of Cosme on Tuesday Sept 1, 1890’, signed by William Lane; cuttings from various newspapers and journals relating to the colony; four personal letters from Henry Connelly at ‘Colonia Nueva Australia’ to Geo. Reeve in Sydney, which include news of the colony (1923-1928); two letters from Mary Gilmore, Sydney, to Geo. Reeve (1927) regarding printed materials relating to Cosme; letters from Geo. Reeve to Ferguson regarding material relating to the colony; a booklet of biographical articles on William Lane, published following his death in 1917; several letters relating to Ferguson’s search for papers relating to the colony and miscellaneous notes made by him about the collection.

Currency from the New Australia Colony (File 2)

Letter to John Ferguson from [illegible] enclosing specimens of New Australia colony money, 30 May 1930 (Item 1)

Five centavo note from Colonia Nueva Australia (New Australia Colony), Paraguay, [?] May 1895 (Item 2)

Issue details

Category: money value coupon

Type: Type Three

Denomination: 5 centavos

Issuer: New Australia Co-operative Settlement Association

issue date: May 1895

Signature/s: F Kidd, Presidente

Overprinting: circular date stamp 'Nueva Australia, Paraguay [?] May 1895'

Circulation status: circulated

Illustrative content: central vignette of lion and Phrygian cap

Physical description: dimensions - 109x69 mm; black print on white paper

Ten centavo note from Colonia Nueva Australia (New Australia Colony), Paraguay, 17 May 1895 (Item 3)

Issue details

Category: money value coupon

Type: Type One

Denomination: 10 centavos

Issuer: New Australia Co-operative Settlement Association

Issue date: May 1895 Signature/s: F Kidd, Presidente

Overprinting: circular date stamp 'Nueva Australia, Paraguay 17 May 1895'

Circulation status: circulated

Illustrative content: central vignette of clasped hands with bare arms

Physical description: dimensions - 123x69 mm; blue print on white paper

Ten centavo note from Colonia Nueva Australia (New Australia Colony), Paraguay, 8 May 1895 (Item 4)

Issue details

Category: money value coupon

Type: Type One

Denomination: 10 centavos

Issuer: New Australia Co-operative Settlement Association

Issue date: May 1895

Signature/s: F Kidd, Presidente

Overprinting: circular date stamp 'Nueva Australia, Paraguay 8 May 1895'

Circulation status: circulated

Illustrative content: central vignette of clasped hands with bare arms

Physical description: dimensions - 123x69 mm; blue print on white paper

One peso note from Colonia Nueva Australia (New Australia Colony), Paraguay, 14 October 1895 (Item 5)

Issue details

Category: money value coupon

Type: Type Two

Denomination: 1 peso

Issuer: New Australia Co-operative Settlement Association

Issue date: October 1895

Signature/s: F Kidd, Presidente

Overprinting: circular date stamp 'Nueva Australia, Paraguay 14 October 1895'

Circulation status: circulated

Illustrative content: central vignette of clasped hands with cuffed arms

Physical description: dimensions - 110x68 mm; red print on white paper


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