National Library of Australia
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The papers comprise correspondence, manuscripts and typescripts of poems, sheet music, photographs, press cuttings, scrapbook, and printed material.
A description of the Dame Mary Gilmore Collection appears in W.H. Wilde Courage and grace: a bibliography of Dame Mary Gilmore (Melbourne, 1988).
Available for research.
Items from this collection should be cited as '[Title or description of manuscript item], Papers of Dame Mary Gilmore, National Library of Australia, MS 727, [series/file/item number]'.
The papers held at MS 727 were received by the Library in several instalments between 1958 and 1991.
Other collections containing letters and papers of Mary Gilmore include the following:
Kate Baker (MS 1533); W.P. Bluett (MS 4714); J.H. Catts (MS 658); Alec Chisholm (MS 1880), M. Condon (MS 2375); Ralph De Boissiere (MS 8402); Harold W. Eather (MS 2015); Edward Findley (MS 2111); Annie Louise Green (MS 8574); Elioth Gruner (MS 8965); Clement Hosking (MS 2680); Norman Jeffery (MS 1948); Marie McNiven (MS 2012); and W. Farmer Whyte (MS 970).
The Library also holds records of the Mary Gilmore Centenary Committee, 1964-65 at MS 1696.
Papers of Mary Gilmore are held at MS 1662, MS 1695 and MS 8766 and diaries, 1940-49 are held at MS 614 (copies: originals held by Mitchell Library, Sydney). Small collections of letters by Mary Gilmore are held at MS 633, MS 1728, MS 1888, MS 2685 and MS 5644.
Other papers of Dame Mary Gilmore are held by the Mitchell Library, Sydney; the Australian Defence Force Academy, Canberra; and Charles Sturt University Regional Archives.
Mary Cameron, poet and journalist, was born at Mary Vale, Woodhouselee, near Goulburn, NSW, on 16 August 1865. She was educated at Brucedale, near Wagga Wagga, and later at Wagga Wagga Public School. Between 1877 and 1895 she taught in a variety of schools in New South Wales. She became involved in the New Australia movement and on 31 October 1895 resigned from teaching and sailed to Paraguay on the Ruapehu. Cameron remained at the Cosme settlement in Paraguay until 1899. She married fellow colonist and Victorian shearer William Alexander Gilmore (1866-1945) in 1897 and their only child William Dysart Cameron Gilmore (1898-1945) was born at Villarica, near Cosme. Before returning to Australia in 1902, she taught English in Rio Gallegos in southern Patagonia and wrote for Buenos Aires papers.
Gilmore's verse first appeared in the Australian Worker in 1902, and from 1908-31 she edited the women's page of this newspaper. Her first published volume, Marri'd and other verses appeared in 1910. Other publications include The passionate heart (1918), Hound of the road ( 1922), The tilted cart (1925), The wild swan (1930), The rue tree (1931), Under the wilgas (1932), Battlefields (1939), and Fourteen men (1954).
In 1937, in recognition of her contribution to Australian literature, she was made a Dame of the British Empire - the first woman to receive this award for services to literature. Dame Mary was a founder of the Lyceum Club, Sydney, a founder and vice-president in 1928 of the Fellowship of Australian Writers, an early member of the New South Wales Institute of Journalists and life member of the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.
Dame Mary Gilmore died on 3 December 1962.
For the purposes of this inventory "unpublished" means any verse not included in the published works listed in Series III below. The series comprises 21 folders.
Arrangement is alphabetical by first line.
This series comprises 61 folders.
This material has been arranged in order to allow:-
(1) a broad survey of Gilmore's verse. This is possible since the arrangement is basically chronological. However in some cases Gilmore has conjoined variously dated pieces with similar titles. Also variously dated poems often appear on the one sheet.
(2) location of a specific item. This is possible since the arrangement of poems under each year is alphabetical by the first letter of the first line.
Poems subsequently published in the eight books listed below have been separated and arranged alphabetically by first line in ten folders. Series III is by no means complete and it is likely that there are drafts in Series I and Series II which should be placed in Series III.
2. Fourteen men (3 folders)
3. Marri'd and other verses
4. The passionate heart
5. The rue tree
6. The tilted cart
7. Under the wilgas
8. The wild swan
Eight pieces, including drafts and copies of "Australian Battle Cry", "Six poems by Dame Mary Gilmore set to music by John Arcot" and Six songs from the South (words by Mary Gilmore; music by G.H. Clutsam) (3 folders + 1 volume).
Material added 13 July 1972 comprises manuscript and printed scores of 'Australian battle cry' (arranged by Evelyn Grieg), 'The green, green hill' (music by Louis Lavater) and Yesternight (music by Maie E. Coulson-Blair) (1 folder).
1 volume containing hints, recipes, etc., also some articles on socialism, Aboriginal place names.
Articles for publication and letters to editors by Gilmore (27 pieces). See also MS 727/XI/5.
See also addition 13 July 1972.
Correspondence, 1957-58. Correspondents include Book Collectors' Society of Australia, Clair White, Stephen Murray-Smith, Edith Haynes, Herbert S. Groves, Rev. Armand Whitehead, J.K. Moir, Ada Warner, Australian Aboriginal Fellowship, James McAuley, W.E. Steele-Smith, Albert E. Leane, Dr W. McRae Russell, Dr A.L. McLeod, Bernard Peach, R.H. Croll, Helen Cameron Roberts, H.M. Green, Philip Whelan, Jessie D. Fisher, Sheila Searle, Dorothy Catts, H.J. Brophy, Colin Newsome, Brownie Downing, Grace Cheers, Maude Healey, B. O'Donovan, E. Ailsa Lewis, and Rita Turner (2 folders).
The series includes letters, programs, circulars, reports, pamphlets and publications. See also the additions of 1972 and 1991.
A booklet created by Byram Mansell entitled on the front cover 'In the Dream Time' which encloses three stories under the title 'Australian Legends', the stories being 'How the sky was lifted', 'The rain cloud' and 'The fish cave'. The cover is illustrated in ink and clay pigment and inserted on the inside cover are two letters to Gilmore from Mansell. The first page includes an inscription to Mary Gilmore from Mansell, dated 1950. There is a separate copy of 'How the sky was lifted' in a hand-made paper, painted cover, inscribed from Mansell to Gilmore in 1951 and a decorated wallet containing b & w photographs and news cuttings of Mansell's work, together with a letter to Gilmore, 1950. Also included is a typescript entitled 'Report on Aborigines in Australia', 1957, and a program for the Bolshoi Ballet, 1959, both sent to Gilmore by Jessie Street.
Programs, booklets, agendas and other printed items, 1956-58 and two issues of the Bulletin, 1957 (2 folders)
Publications added to the collection in 1991.
In Box 11.
In Box 12.
In Box 13.
Press cuttings kept by Mary Gilmore including cuttings on personal and biographical topics (1924-1961), cuttings of Gilmore's poems published in newspapers and the Bulletin (1919-1957), cuttings of Gilmore's column for the Tribune entitled "Arrows" (1956-1960), cuttings on Australian literature and writers (1919-1960) and letters to the editors of various newspapers. There are also miscellaneous cuttings relating to various general interests. Subjects include Australiana, local history, health, and the English language. There is also a small group of printed items including a copy of the New Australia Colony's monthly magazine Cosme (14 folders).