The biological campaign against prickly-pear / by Alan P. Dodd

Creator
Dodd, Alan P. (Alan Parkhurst), 1896-
Call Number
NL 632.5 DOD
Created/Published
Brisbane : A.H. Tucker, Government Printer, 1940
Images
219
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Contents

BIOLOGICAL CAMPAIGN AGAINST PRICKLY-PEAR 1
BIOLOGICAL CAMPAIGN AGAINST PRICKLY-PEAR 2
CONTENTS 4
Biological Campaign Against Prickly-Pear 6
SURVEY OF THE PROBLEM. 6
WORK OF THE BOARD. 7
RESULTS. 9
PRESENT POSITION. 12
CONTROL OF THE LESS IMPORTANT PRICKLY-PEARS. 14
RECLAMATION OF THE PRICKLY-PEAR LANDS. 15
II. THE PRICKLY-PEARS. 19
INTRODUCTION INTO OTHER COUNTRIES. 20
INTRODUCTION OF PRICKLY-PEAR INTO AUSTRALIA. 21
MAJOR PEST PEARS. 28
PROBLEM AND DIFFICULTIES OF CONTROL. 34
ADMINISTRATION OF THE PEAR LANDS. 35
III. THE BOARD AND ITS POLICY. 36
CO-OPERATION WITH STATE DEPARTMENTS. 38
COST OF BIOLOGICAL CONTROL. 38
POLICY OF THE BOARD. 39
ORGANISATION OF THE WORK IN AUSTRALIA. 41
OVERSEAS PROGRAMME. 42
PRICKLY-PEAR INSECTS SUPPLIED TO OTHER COUNTRIES. 43
HOST RESTRICTION. 45
IV. THE CACTUS INSECTS. 45
SURVEY OF THE CACTUS INSECTS. 50
CACTUS PHYCITEDS. 51
CACTUS BEETLES. The Cerambycid Longicorns. 53
OTHER LEPIDOPTEROUS ENEMIES. 53
DIPTEROUS ENEMIES. 55
PLANT-SUCKING BUGS. 56
SCALE INSECTS AND MEALY-BUGS. 56
PRICKLY-PEAR RED SPIDER. 58
V. THE PLANT DISEASES OF THE CACTACEAE. 59
VI. THE HOST LIMITATION ASPECT. 63
METHODS ADOPTED IN THE STARVATION TESTS. 66
GENERAL CONCLUSIONS. 72
PLANTS ON WHICH FEEDING AND DEVELOPMENT OCCURRED. 72
SPECIES OF INSECTS TESTED. 74
ATTACK ON OTHER PLANTS BY INTRODUCED INSECTS. 85
TRANSPORTATION. 89
VII. ESTABLISHMENT OF THE INSECTS IN AUSTRALIA. 89
ACCLIMATISATION. 94
EFFORTS TO ESTABLISH THE VARIOUS INSECTS. 96
LEPIDOPTEROUS ENEMIES. 96
COLEOPTEROUS INSECTS. The Moneilema Longicorns. 107
PLANT SUCKING BUGS. 116
DIPTEROUS INSECTS. The Seed-Midge, Asphondylia opuntiae. 120
COCHINEAL INSECTS. 121
SCALE INSECT, DIASPIS ECHINOCACTI. 130
SPIDER MITES. Tetranychus opuntiae. 130
VIII. CACTO BLAST IS CACTORUM AND ITS CONTROL OF PRICKLY-PEAR. 132
HISTORY OF ITS INTRODUCTION TO AUSTRALIA. 133
BREEDING IN CAGES. 139
ESTABLISHMENT IN THE FIELD. Early Liberations. 140
LIFE HISTORY AND HABITS. Generations. 145
PROGRESS IN THE FIELD. 169
CACTOBLASTIS AND THE LESS IMPORTANT PRICKLY-PEARS. 182
IX. ENEMIES OF CACTOBLASTIS AND OTHER CONTROL FACTORS. 184
TEMPERATURE. 184
DISEASE. 185
VARIOUS ENEMIES. 186
PARASITES. 188
TWO MAJOR PARASITES. 193
EFFECT OF PARASITES ON CACTOBLASTIS. Degree of Attack. 206
APPENDIX. THE PERSONNEL OF THE BOARD AND ITS STAFF. THE BOARD. 215
SCIENTIFIC STAFF. 215
LITERATURE. 217

Text

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http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-52813806

APA citation

Dodd, Alan P & Commonwealth Prickly Pear Board (Australia). (1940). The biological campaign against prickly-pear Retrieved May 23, 2024, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-52813806

MLA citation

Dodd, Alan P and Commonwealth Prickly Pear Board (Australia). The biological campaign against prickly-pear Brisbane: A.H. Tucker, Government Printer, 1940. Web. 23 May 2024 <http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-52813806>

Harvard/Australian citation

Dodd, Alan P & Commonwealth Prickly Pear Board (Australia). 1940, The biological campaign against prickly-pear A.H. Tucker, Government Printer, Brisbane viewed 23 May 2024 http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-52813806

Wikipedia citation

{{Citation
  | author1=Dodd, Alan P.
  | author2=Commonwealth Prickly Pear Board (Australia).
  | title=The biological campaign against prickly-pear
  | year=1940
  | section=ii, 177 p., [36] p. of plates, [1] folded leaf of plates : ill. (some col.), 1 col. map ; 24 cm.
  | series=RNB agricultural series
  | location=Brisbane
  | publisher=A.H. Tucker, Government Printer
  | url=http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-52813806
  | id=nla.obj-52813806
  | access-date=23 May 2024
  | via=Trove
}}

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Since 1990 [Created/Published Date + 50 Years]

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1940
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