Guide to the Papers of Sir John Clunies Ross (as filmed by the AJCP)



National Library of Australia View Catalogue Record

Created: 2018

Collection Summary

Clunies Ross, John
Papers of John Clunies-Ross (as filmed by the AJCP)
Date Range
1824 - 1854
Collection Number
7 items
Language of Materials
Australian Joint Copying Project
The Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP) online portal was created with the assistance of the Australian Public Service Modernisation Fund, 2017-2020. The National Library of Australia gratefully acknowledges the contribution of the other foundation AJCP partners, the State Library of New South Wales and The National Archives of the UK, and all other organisations which supported the work of the AJCP, the world's most extensive collaborative copying project, operating from 1948 to 1997.


Scope and Contents

The papers consist primarily of autobiographical writings of Clunies-Ross referring especially to his relations with Alexander Hare and the visit of HMS Beagle to Cocos in 1836.

Conditions Governing Access

Available for Access.

Conditions Governing Use

Readers wishing to publish or reproduce documents should seek permission, in the first instance, from the British Library. For more information visit: How I use the images I order?-The British Library [].

Preferred Citation

Acknowledgement of use of this material should refer to the location of the original material and to the Australian Joint Copying Project.

Items from this collection should include references to the location of the original material and to the AJCP nla.obj number, which serves as the online identifier for the digital copy.

Example: M Series: Journal of Capt. James Cook, 18 February 1770, British Library Add. MS 27885 (AJCP ref:

Archival History

Material selectively filmed as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project, 1981 (AJCP Reel: M1191). Original microfilm digitised as part of the AJCP Online Delivery Project, 2017-2020.

Existence and Location of Originals

British Library, 96 Euston Road, London.. Collection reference: Add MS 37631. For more information see Sir John Clunies Ross at the British Library (

Existence and Location of Copies

The original AJCP microfilm of the records filmed from this collection is available at the National Library of Australia [] as well as other institutions holding AJCP microfilm.

Finding-aid Notes

This finding aid is a revised online version of the original finding aid prepared by the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP), published by the National Library of Australia in 2018. The original AJCP finding aids were unpublished typescripts or photocopies available from libraries that held copies of the original microfilm.

Dates used in this finding aid refer to the date range of the records selected for filming rather than to the date range of the Series or Files.


Beagle, HMS (ship); Clunies Ross, John; Cocos (Keeling) Islands; Hare, Alexander; Royal Navy: voyages


Originally cited in Australian Joint Copying Project Handbook. Part 8: Miscellaneous (M) Series. Third Edition, published 1998. Entry 104, p37.

Biographical / Historical

John Clunies-Ross was born in Chetland and developed extensive commerical interests in Batvia, Singapore, the Seychelles and Mauritius before he formed a settlement on the Cocos-Keeling Islands in 1825. Clunies Ross did a great deal of writing in his later years, including a criticism of Darwin's work on coral reefs. He died on Cocos and his descendants have lived there for the next 150 years.

Item Descriptions

Clunies Ross (Cocos) to J.L. Adams, April 1854 (File ff. 1-15)

Account of Ross' relations with Alexander Hare and affairs at Cocos, c. 1820-34.

A. Hare. 'Outline of facts', c. 1830-1831 (File ff. 16-127)

Annotated by Clunies Ross. Copied by J.G.H. Dill in 1854.

E. Pressgrave (Fort Marlborough) to Clunies Ross, 8 January 1824 (File ff.128-132)

Approval given by Lieut. Governor to trading settlement on Poggy Islands; encloses letter to J. Christie on same subject.

J. and J. Hare to Clunies Ross, 4 October 1826 (File ff.133-141)

Sends power of attorney.

Account of A. Hare with Clunies Ross, 25 July 1823 (File ff.142-143)

Hare's instructions to his supervisor, August 1830 (File f. 145)

J. Clunies Ross. Voyages of Adventure and Beagle, a supplement to 2nd. and 3rd. Appendices . (File ff.146-233)

A satire on Capt. R. FitzRoy's work, accusing him of plagiarism, and dealing with the people of the Cocos Islands and Alexander Hare.