Guide to the Papers of George Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon (as filmed by AJCP)

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M2004-M2006

National Library of Australia View Catalogue Record

Created: 2019

Collection Summary

Creator
Villiers, George, 4th Earl of Clarendon, 1800-1870
Title
Papers of George Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon (as filmed by the AJCP)
Date Range
1843 - 1870
Collection Number
M2004-M2006
Extent
225 items
Language of Materials
English
Repository
Australian Joint Copying Project
Sponsor
The Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP) online portal was created with the assistance of the Australian Public Service Modernisation Fund, 2017-2020. The National Library of Australia gratefully acknowledges the contribution of the other foundation AJCP partners, the State Library of New South Wales and The National Archives of the UK, and all other organisations which supported the work of the AJCP, the world's most extensive collaborative copying project, operating from 1948 to 1997.

Introduction

Scope and Contents

Papers 1843-1870 of Lord Clarendon, relating to his career as Lord Lieutenant. of Ireland, and Foreign Secretary.

Subjects include female Irish emigration, convicts, the 1848 rebellion in Ireland and transportation of W.S. O'Brien and other political prisoners, creation of Bishopric of Labuan, and the threatened United States annexation of Sandwich Islands.

Major correspondents include Sir George Grey, Lord Grey, T.F. Elliot, Lord John Russell and T. Redington.

Conditions Governing Access

Available for Access.

Conditions Governing Use

Many of the records digitised as part of the AJCP are still in copyright. Readers wishing to publish or reproduce documents should seek permission, in the first instance, from the owner of the original material.

Preferred Citation

Acknowledgement of use of this material should refer to the location of the original material and to the Australian Joint Copying Project.

Items from this collection should include references to the location of the original material and to the AJCP nla.obj number, which serves as the online identifier for the digital copy.

Example: M Series: Journal of Capt. James Cook, 18 February 1770, British Library Add. MS 27885 (AJCP ref: http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-1234)

Archival History

Material selectively filmed at the Bodleian Library, University of Oxford, Oxford, as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project, 1984 (AJCP Reels: M2004-M2006). Original microfilm digitised as part of the AJCP Online Delivery Project, 2017-2020.

Existence and Location of Originals

Bodleian Library, University of Oxford, Broad Street, Oxford.

For further information, see Clarendon at the Bodleian Library. [http://www.bodley.ox.ac.uk/dept/scwmss/wmss/online/1500-1900/clarendon/clarendon.html]

Existence and Location of Copies

The original AJCP microfilm of the records filmed from this collection is available at the National Library of Australia [https://nla.gov.au/nla.cat-vn765778] as well as other institutions holding AJCP microfilm.

Finding-Aid Notes

This finding aid is a revised online version of the original finding aid prepared by the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP), published by the National Library of Australia in 2018. The original AJCP finding aids were unpublished typescripts or photocopies available from libraries that held copies of the original microfilm.

Dates used in this finding aid refer to the date range of the records selected for filming rather than to the date range of the Series or Files.

The identifiers used in this finding aid were accurate at the time of filming. They have been kept to preserve the historical context of the collection.

Subjects

Convicts; Elliot, T.F.; Emigration and immigration: women; Grey, Henry G., 3rd Earl; Grey, Sir George, 2nd Baronet; Hawaii: annexation; Ireland; Labuan, Borneo; O'Brien, William S.; Redington, T.; Russell, Lord John, 1st Earl; United States of America; Villiers, George, 4th Earl of Clarendon

Bibliography

Originally cited in Australian Joint Copying Project Handbook. Part 8: Miscellaneous (M) Series. Third Edition, published 1998. Entry 102, p.37. [http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-397322928]

Biographical / Historical

George Villiers (1800-1870), 4th Earl of Clarendon (succeeded 1838), Officer in Diplomatic Service 1820-1839. Lord Privy Seal 1839-1841, President of Board of Trade 1846-1847, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1847-1852, Foreign Secretary 1853-1858, Chancellor of Duchy of Lancaster 1864-1865, Foreign Secretary 1865-1866, 1868-1870. Whig politician.

Item Descriptions

Series I. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, 31 July 1847 - 11 November 1851

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP Reel M2004-M2005.

Subseries Box 8. Clarendon Dep. Irish: Correspondence: C, 26 May 1848 - 5 August 1849

Filmed selectively.

T. Carlyle to Clarendon, 26 May 1848 (File)

Character of J. Mitchel; hopes he will not be treated as common felon.

T. Carlyle to Clarendon, 27 October 1848 (File)

Character and convictions of C. Gavan Duffy; believes he could achieve something useful.

T. Carlyle (Londonderry) to Clarendon, 5 August 1849 (File)

Visit to Ireland; changes in views of C. Gavan Duffy; his popularity.

Subseries Box 10. Clarendon Dep. Irish: Correspondence: D, 24 February 1848

Filmed selectively.

G.V. Drury to Clarendon, 24 February 1848 (File)

Sends pamphlet on enclosure of waste lands; sends extract from letter from Melbourne on need for skilled emigrants; regrets N.S.W. Government permits 'facilities for drunkenness'.

Subseries Box 11. Clarendon Dep. Irish: Correspondence: E, August 1847 - June 1850

Filmed selectively.

T.F. Elliot (Colonial Office) to Clarendon, August 1847 - June 1850 (File)

Emigration from Ireland to colonies, including N.S.W.; conditions on emigrant ships; free passages and land grants for Crown witnesses; appointment of teachers on ships carrying Irish orphans; emigration of Irish girls to Australia; arrangements for cabin passages on emigrant ships to Van Diemen's Land. (22 letters).

Subseries Box 12. Clarendon Dep. Irish: Letters of Sir George Grey, 15 February 1848 - 11 December 1848

Filmed selectively.

Sir George Grey to Clarendon, 15 February 1848 (File)

Accommodation for convicts on hulks.

Lord Campbell to Sir George Grey, [1848-04] (File)

Advocates charge of treason against Irish political prisoners in order to secure sentences of transportation.

Sir George Grey to Clarendon, 3 April 1848 (File)

Charges against Irish prisoners; transportation.

Sir George Grey to Clarendon, 3 June 1848 (File)

Convict question; opposition of Van Diemen's Land to further convicts.

Sir George Grey to Clarendon, 8 June 1848 (File)

Views on transportation; treatment of Irish convicts.

Sir George Grey to Clarendon, 12 August 1848 (File)

Prosecution of W.S. O'Brien; disposal of Irish convicts.

Sir George Grey to Clarendon, 10 October 1848 (File)

Prosecution of W.S. O'Brien; would recommend transportation for life.

Sir George Grey to Clarendon, 21 November 1848 (File)

Remission of sentences of transportation.

Sir George Grey to Clarendon, 30 November 1848 (File)

Provision of female convict ship.

Sir George Grey to Clarendon, 11 December 1848 (File)

Sentences of transportation for simple larceny.

Return of number of Irish convicts sentenced to transportation at October Quarter Sessions, 27 November 1848 (File)

Subseries Box 13. Clarendon Dep. Irish: Letters of Sir George Grey, 1 January 1849 - 3 December 1849

Filmed selectively.

Sir George Grey to Clarendon, 1 January 1849 (File)

Proposed changes in law on transportation; petition of J. Mitchel.

Sir George Grey to Clarendon, 30 January 1849 (File)

Transportation difficulties; resistance in colonies to Irish convicts.

Sir George Grey to Clarendon, 12 March 1849 (File)

Amendment of law on transportation.

Sir George Grey to Clarendon, 27 April 1849 (File)

Sentences of transportation for crimes of larceny.

Sir George Grey to Clarendon, 5 May 1849 (File)

Trial of W.S. O'Brien.

Sir George Grey to Clarendon, 30 May 1849 - 27 June 1849 (File)

Arrangements for despatch of political prisoners; discussions with Sir Lucius O'Brien; protest of W.S. O'Brien against commutation of sentence to transportation; Lord Campbell's Bill to validate commutation; outbreak of cholera on ship. (31 letters)

Sir George Grey to Clarendon, 24 November 1849 (File)

Convict question; tendency of Quarter Sessions to sentence to transportation for light offences; large number of convicts sentenced to transportation still in Ireland.

Sir George Grey to Clarendon, 3 December 1849 (File)

Conditional pardons granted to political exiles on arrival in Van Diemen's Land; case of J. Mitchel.

Subseries Box 14. Clarendon Dep. Irish: Letters of Sir George Grey, 11 January 1850

Filmed selectively.

Sir George Grey to Clarendon, 11 January 1850 (File)

Protectionism and Irish landlords; instructions should be sent to Sir William Denison to give ticket of leave to J. Mitchel.

Subseries Box 15. Clarendon Dep. Irish: Letters of Sir George Grey and Sir Charles Wood, 28 May 1851

Filmed selectively.

Sir George Grey to Clarendon, 28 May 1851 (File)

Objections of colonies to convicts; Van Diemen's Land; openings for limited numbers in Western Australia; Moreton Bay; treatment of convicts prior to transportation.

Subseries Box 16. Clarendon Dep. Irish: Correspondence: H, 9 October 1849 - 21 November 1849

Filmed selectively.

Sir John Hobhouse to Clarendon, 9 October 1849 (File)

Wishes to give Recordership of Penang to Irish barrister.

Sir John Hobhouse to Clarendon, 16 October 1849 (File)

Salary of Recorder of Penang.

Sir John Hobhouse to Clarendon, 8 November 1849 (File)

Cavalier behaviour of Sampe, applicant for Recordership of Penang.

Sir John Hobhouse to Clarendon, 14 November 1849 (File)

Application by W. Jeffcott; believes he was involved in unfortunate affair in Australia.

Sir John Hobhouse to Clarendon, 21 November 1849 (File)

Acknowledges pamphlet; considers that W. Jeffcott should be given Recordership.

Subseries Box 19. Clarendon Dep. Irish: Correspondence: M, 20 September 1848 - 21 September 1848

Filmed selectively.

J. Monahan to Clarendon, 20 September 1848 (File)

Trial of W.S. O'Brien; subpoena for Lord John Russell.

J. Monahan to Clarendon, 21 September 1848 (File)

Trial of W.S. O'Brien, T. Meagher and other political prisoners.

Subseries Box 21. Clarendon Dep. Irish: Correspondence: O, 10 February 1848 - 9 April 1851

Filmed selectively.

Lord Oranmore to Clarendon, 10 February 1848 (File)

Enormous expenditure on Irish relief; only remedy transportation of those who cannot be employed.

Lord Oranmore to Clarendon, 19 April [1850] (File)

Necessity for Irish colonization on great scale in South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, rather than emigration to United States.

Lord Oranmore to Clarendon, 9 April 1851 (File)

Need to divert Irish migrants from United States to Natal or New Zealand.

Subseries Box 24. Clarendon Dep. Irish: Letters of T. Redington, 22 October 1848 - 9 June 1849

Filmed selectively.

T. Redington to Clarendon, 22 October 1848 (File)

Conviction of T. Meagher; plans to charge C. Gavan Duffy.

T. Redington to Clarendon, 23 October 1848 (File)

Charges against C. Gavan Duffy.

T. Redington to Clarendon, 23 October 1848 (File)

Conviction of J. O'Donoghue and T. Meagher.

T. Redington to Clarendon, 24 October 1848 (File)

Trials of political prisoners, including K. O'Doherty.

T. Redington to Clarendon, 25 October 1848 (File)

Cases of K.O'Doherty and Williams.

T. Redington to Clarendon, 1 November 1848 (File)

Cases of K. O'Doherty and W.S. O'Brien.

T. Redington to Clarendon, 2 November 1848 (File)

Difficulty of commuting sentence of W.S. O'Brien except on his petition; trial of K. O'Doherty.

T. Redington to Clarendon, 16 November 1848 (File)

Cases of J. Martin and W.S. O'Brien.

T. Redington to Clarendon, 18 November 1848 (File)

Case of W.S. O'Brien.

T. Redington to Clarendon, 24 November 1848 (File)

Case of W.S. O'Brien; skill of Sir Charles O'Loghlen.

T. Redington to Clarendon, 25 November 1848 (File)

Case of W.S. O'Brien.

T. Redington to Clarendon, 28 November 1848 (File)

Gaols filled with convicts under sentences of transportation; excessive sentences.

T. Redington to Clarendon, 31 March 1849 (File)

Trial of C. Gavan Duffy.

T. Redington to Clarendon, 2 April 1849 (File)

Trial of C. Gavan Duffy; unlikelihood of conviction.

T. Redington to Clarendon, 18 May 1849 (File)

Conviction of W.S. O'Brien.

T. Redington to Clarendon, 6 June 1849 (File)

Bill to cover commutation of sentence of W.S. O'Brien.

T. Redington to Clarendon, 9 June 1849 (File)

Despatch of Governor of N.S.W. on Irish prisoners.

Subseries Box 26. Clarendon Dep. Irish: Letters of Lord John Russell, 11 June 1849 - 2 July 1849

Filmed selectively.

Lord John Russell to Clarendon, 11 June 1849 (File)

Necessity for legislation to cover transportation of W.S. O'Brien.

Lord John Russell to Clarendon, 14 June 1849 (File)

W.S. O'Brien legislation.

Lord John Russell to Clarendon, 15 June 1849 (File)

W.S. O'Brien legislation.

Lord John Russell to Clarendon, 19 June 1849 (File)

Stormy debate on O'Brien Bill.

Lord John Russell to Clarendon, 2 July 1849 (File)

Hopes W.S. O'Brien is on his way to Tasmania.

Subseries Box 27. Clarendon Dep. Irish: Letters of Sir William Somerville, 6 March 1848 - 13 November 1848

Filmed selectively.

Sir William Somerville to Clarendon, 6 March 1848 (File)

Character of J.D. Balfe and his association with J. Mitchel and other agitators.

Sir William Somerville to Clarendon, 13 November 1848 (File)

Forwards petition from jury recommending mercy in case of K. O'Doherty.

Subseries Box 29. Clarendon Dep. Irish: Correspondence: T, 12 March 1850 - 15 March 1851

Filmed selectively.

H. Tufnell to Clarendon, 12 March 1850 (File)

Economic policy; refers to Australian difficulties being negotiable; wishes they had been conducted with more diplomacy.

H. Tufnell to Clarendon, 21 March 1850 (File)

Refers to debate on Australian Bill.

H. Tufnell to Clarendon, 15 March 1851 (File)

Need for head of Colonial Office to be in House of Commons; unpopularity of Lord Grey and Colonial Office.

Subseries Box 41. Clarendon Dep. Irish: Correspondence: G, 1 November 1847 - 11 November 1851

Filmed selectively.

Lord Grey to Clarendon, 1 November 1847 (File)

Titles of Roman Catholic bishops in colonies; refers to N.S.W. and Western Australia.

Lord Grey to Clarendon, 3 December 1847 (File)

Criticizes emigration plan of Lord Monteagle.

Lord Grey to Clarendon, 4 February 1848 (File)

Titles of Roman Catholic bishops in colonies.

Lord Grey to Clarendon, 1 June 1848 (File)

Irish share of colonial patronage J. Mitchel.

Lord Grey to Clarendon, 4 June 1849 (File)

Despatches to Sir William Denison about W.S. O'Brien.

Lord Grey to Clarendon, 3 December 1849 (File)

Believes J. Mitchel should receive conditional pardon, not ticket of leave.

Lord Grey to Clarendon, 10 December 1849 (File)

Rights of Australian judges to pensions.

Lord Grey to Clarendon, 7 March 1850 (File)

Appointments in Australian colonies; rapid progress of South Australia; capable administration of Sir William Denison; involvement of Dr Madden in Western Australian politics.

Lord Grey to Clarendon, 11 April 1850 (File)

Regulations on free passages to Van Diemen's Land; arrival of political exiles; role of W.S. O'Brien as voluntary martyr; emigration of Irish orphans.

Lord Grey to Clarendon, 2 May 1850 (File)

Despatch of Sir William Denison on Irish convicts.

Lord Grey to Clarendon, 7 May 1850 (File)

Despatch of Sir William Denison; escape of J. Mitchel.

Lord Grey to Clarendon, 17 June 1850 (File)

Appointment for J.D. Balfe.

Lord Grey to Clarendon, 21 June 1850 (File)

Treatment of W.S. O'Brien in Van Diemen's Land.

Lord Grey to Clarendon, 21 January 1851 (File)

Police forces in Australian colonies; colonial Bishops; attacks on Australian policies of Lord Grey in Times.

Lord Grey to Clarendon, 4 March 1851 (File)

Female emigration from Ireland to Van Diemen's Land.

Lord Grey to Clarendon, 10 March 1851 (File)

Female emigration to Van Diemen's Land.

Lord Grey to Clarendon, 8 May 1851 (File)

Influence of colonial press.

Lord Grey to Clarendon, 6 November 1851 (File)

Visit of Lord Audley to N.S.W.

Lord Grey to Clarendon, 11 November 1851 (File)

Visit of Lord Audley to N.S.W.

Subseries Box 43. Clarendon Dep. Irish: Letters of Lord John Russell, 23 March 1848 - 3 November 1848

Filmed selectively.

Lord John Russell to Clarendon, 23 March 1848 (File)

Arrest and trial of J. Mitchel.

Lord John Russell to Clarendon, 18 May 1848 (File)

Prosecution of Confederates; Irish poor relief; trusts poor will be absorbed by England, North America and Australasia.

Lord John Russell to Clarendon, 25 May 1848 (File)

Trial of J. Mitchel.

Lord John Russell to Clarendon, 26 May 1848 (File)

Trial of J. Mitchel.

Lord John Russell to Clarendon, 29 May 1848 (File)

Conviction of J. Mitchel and its effect on Ireland.

Lord John Russell to Clarendon, 2 June 1848 (File)

Conviction of J. Mitchel; W.S. O'Brien.

Lord John Russell to Clarendon, 8 August 1848 (File)

Capture of W.S. O'Brien.

Lord John Russell to Clarendon, 8 August 1848 (File)

Trial of W.S. O'Brien.

Lord John Russell to Clarendon, 14 August 1848 (File)

Advises prosecution of T. Meagher and W.S. O'Brien for high treason.

Lord John Russell to Clarendon, 19 September 1848 (File)

Possible summons of Russell to trial of W.S. O'Brien.

Lord John Russell to Clarendon, 6 October 1848 (File)

Trial of W.S. O'Brien.

Lord John Russell to Clarendon, 12 October 1848 (File)

Conviction of W.S. O'Brien; sufficient grounds for commutation of sentence to transportation.

Lord John Russell to Clarendon, 19 October 1848 (File)

Commutation of sentence of W.S. O'Brien.

Lord John Russell to Clarendon, 30 October 1848 (File)

Postponement of trial of C. Gavan Duffy.

Lord John Russell to Clarendon, 3 November 1848 (File)

Letter to Sir Lucius O'Brien; sentence of transportation.

Subseries Box 50. Clarendon Dep. Irish: Letters of Lord Monteagle, 31 July 1847 - July 1848

Filmed selectively.

Lord Monteagle to Clarendon, 31 July 1847 (File)

Sends report of House of Lords Select Committee on Colonization from Ireland; importance of evidence.

Lord Monteagle to Clarendon, 29 May 1848 (File)

Irish poor laws; excessive sentence of transportation for J. Mitchel; W.S. O'Brien and T. Meagher should accompany him.

Lord Monteagle to Clarendon, [July 1848] (File)

Sends propositions to be considered by Committee on Colonization from Ireland.

Subseries Box 58. Clarendon Dep. Irish: Correspondence: S, 11 June 1848 - 2 July 1851

Filmed selectively.

J. Abel-Smith to Clarendon, 2 July 1851 (File)

Urges appointment of Capt. A. Kennedy as Colonial Secretary of Western Australia; experience in Army and Poor Law Board would be useful in managing convict system.

Count P.E. Strzelecki (Dublin) to Clarendon, 11 June [1848] (File)

Sends memorandum on emigration to colonies.

Subseries Box 77. Clarendon Dep. Irish: Letters of J.D. Balfe, 10 October 1851

Filmed selectively.

J.D. Balfe (Hobart) to Clarendon, 10 October 1851 (File)

Attacks on Balfe by Launceston Examiner as suspected author of Letters of Dion ; W.S. O'Brien; Balfe's role in events of 1848; effects of gold discoveries on Tasmania; strong support for continuance of transportation; unsuitablility of Irish girls for domestic service.

Subseries. Clarendon Dep. Irish: Letterbook 1, 13 October 1847 - 29 November 1847

Filmed selectively.

Clarendon to Lord John Russell, 13 October 1847 (File ff. 84r-85v)

Urges Government informers be given free passages and land grants in Canada or Australia, as otherwise they will be murdered.

Clarendon to Lord Grey, 29 October 1847 (File ff. 105v-7r)

Free passages for Government informers; titles of Roman Catholic bishops.

Clarendon to T.F. Elliot, 3 November 1847 (File ff. 112v-13v)

Emigration of informers to colonies.

Clarendon to Lord Grey, 4 November 1847 (File ff. 115r-16v)

Titles of Roman Catholic bishops in colonies.

Clarendon to Lord Grey, 29 November 1847 (File ff. 162r-63v)

Proposals of Lord Monteagle for assisted Irish emigration to colonies.

Subseries. Clarendon Dep. Irish: Letterbook 2, 7 January 1848 - 6 June 1848

Filmed selectively.

Clarendon to Lord John Russell, 7 January 1848 (File ff. 67v-68v)

Sentence of transportation for life on Frewen.

Clarendon to Sir George Grey, 7 January 1848 (File ff. 68v-69r)

Sentence on Frewen and its moral effect.

Clarendon to Sir George Grey, 11 January 1848 (File ff. 73r-74r)

Doubts of judges on propriety of sentence.

Clarendon to Lord John Russell, 12 January 1848 (File ff. 75v-76v)

Bad effects of accumulation of large numbers of Irish convicts under sentence of transportation.

Clarendon to Lord Grey, 6 February 1848 (File ff. 108r-9v)

Titles of Roman Catholic bishops and effect on colonial bishops.

Clarendon to Sir George Grey, 14 March 1848 (File ff. 158r-v)

Refers to services of J.D. Balfe in providing information about Young Irelanders.

Clarendon to Lord John Russell, 27 May 1848 (File ff. 266r-v)

Sentence of 14 years transportation for J. Mitchel.

Clarendon to Sir George Grey, 30 May 1848 (File ff. 272v-73v)

Reactions to sentence on J. Mitchel.

Clarendon to Sir George Grey, 1 June 1848 (File ff. 275v-77v)

Overcrowding of Irish gaols; few could be sent to N.S.W. with tickets of leave.

Clarendon to Sir George Grey, 6 June 1848 (File ff. 288r-89r)

Requests convict ship; question of transportation must be settled soon or number of convicts will be overwhelming.

Subseries. Clarendon Dep. Irish: Letterbook 3, 26 June 1848 - 3 February 1849

Filmed selectively.

Clarendon to Sir George Grey, 26 June 1848 (File ff. 13v-14r)

Principles for sending convicts out with tickets of leave.

Clarendon to Sir George Grey, 25 July 1848 (File ff. 57r-58r)

Hopes C. Gavan Duffy and Co. will not be transported to Bermuda; confinement in Irish prison would cause excitement.

Clarendon to Sir George Grey, 17 August 1848 (File ff. 114v-15v)

Conviction of J. Martin.

Clarendon to Lord John Russell, 20 August 1848 (File ff. 123r-24r)

Discharge of jury in case of K. O'Doherty.

Clarendon to Sir George Grey, 22 August 1848 (File ff. 128v-29v)

Convict ship required to send political convicts to Van Diemen's Land; transportation justified for cattle-stealing in Ireland.

Clarendon to Sir George Grey, 8 October 1848 (File ff. 169v-70r)

Reasons for commuting sentence on W.S. O'Brien to transportation for life.

Clarendon to Lord John Russell, 12 October 1848 (File ff. 172r-v)

Sentence on W.S. O'Brien.

Clarendon to Lord John Russell, 10 December 1848 (File ff. 185r-86r)

Discussion with Lord Monteagle on Irish emigration.

Clarendon to Lord John Russell, 17 December 1848 (File ff. 193v-94v)

Emigration scheme.

Clarendon to Lord John Russell, 23 December 1848 (File ff. 202v-5r)

Objections of Lord Grey to emigration proposals.

Clarendon to Sir George Grey, 27 December 1848 (File ff. 210r-11r)

Return of persons sentenced to transportaton for larceny; trial of C. Gavan Duffy.

Clarendon to Sir George Grey, 2 January 1849 (File ff. 217r-v)

Sentences of transportation; remonstrances from Grand Juries and prison boards.

Clarendon to Sir George Grey, 22 January 1849 (File ff. 245r-46v)

Decision urgently required on transportation.

Clarendon to Sir George Grey, 1 February 1849 (File ff. 256r-58v)

Transportation prevailing notion that tickets of leave are gratuitous emigration.

Clarendon to Sir George Grey, 3 February 1849 (File ff. 259r-61r)

Convicts under sentence of transportation; seeks report of Irish convicts sent to Van Diemen's Land in 1848.

Subseries. Clarendon Dep. Irish: Letterbook 4, 3 May 1849 - 14 October 1849

Filmed selectively.

Clarendon to Sir George Grey and others, 3 May 1849 - 28 June 1849 (File ff. 16r-67v)

Resistance of colonies to influx of convicts; capacity of gaols; transortation of political convicts; objections of W.S. O'Brien to commutation of sentence and consequent legislation; accommodation for political convicts on ships; outbreak of cholera; departure of convicts to Australia.

Clarendon to Sir George Grey, 9 July 1849 (File ff. 77r-v)

Departure of political convicts.

Clarendon to Lord John Russell, 2 October 1849 (File ff. 137r-39r)

Economic conditions; emigration; young people crowding workhouses should be sent to Canada or Australia.

Clarendon to Lord John Russell, 14 October 1849 (File ff. 149r-50r)

Desirability of Irish emigration.

Subseries. Clarendon Dep. Irish: Letterbook 5, 31 October 1849 - 30 April 1850

Filmed selectively.

Clarendon to Sir George Grey, 31 October 1849 (File ff. 16r-v)

Virtual end of transportation; urgent question of disposal of Irish convicts.

Clarendon to Sir John Hobhouse, 17 November 1849 (File ff. 33v-34r)

Honourable behaviour of W. Jeffcott in N.S.W.; highly suitable for position at Penang.

Clarendon to Lord Grey, 5 December 1849 (File ff. 50v-51r)

No distinction should be made in treatment of political convicts; suggests penal settlement 100 miles or more from any colony to which convicts with tickets of leave would migrate.

Clarendon to Sir George Grey, 5 December 1849 (File ff. 51r-52r)

Opposes any remission of sentence of J. Mitchel.

Clarendon to Sir George Grey, 13 January 1850 (File ff. 94r.-95r)

Danger of political convicts escaping from Van Diemen's Land.

Clarendon to Sir George Grey, 30 April 1850 (File f. 154r)

Life of Irish exiles in Van Diemen's Land; need for great vigilance to prevent escapes.

Subseries. Clarendon Dep. Irish: Letterbook 6, 20 August 1850 - 5 April 1851

Filmed selectively.

Clarendon to Lord Grey, 20 August 1850 (File ff. 11r-12v)

Views on Irish emigration to United States and colonies.

Clarendon to Sir George Grey, 5 April 1851 (File ff. 165v-66r)

C. Gavan Duffy; necessity to commute many sentences of transportation.

Subseries. Clarendon Dep. Irish: Letterbook 7, 14 May 1851 - 25 May 1851

Filmed selectively.

Clarendon to Sir George Grey, 14 May 1851 (File ff. 15v-16r)

Urgency of transportation question; enormous difficulty of dealing with convicts.

Clarendon to Sir George Grey, 25 May 1851 (File ff. 21r-22r)

Wishes to discuss ways of dealing with convicts.

Series II. Foreign Secretary, 1843 - 1870

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP Reel M2005-M2006.

Subseries C. 3. Mss. Clar. Dep: Cabinet, 11 March 1853 - 25 June 1853

Filmed selectively.

Lord John Russell to Clarendon, 11 March 1853 (File f. 267)

Answer to question of J. Hume on Sir James Brooke and action against Borneo pirates.

Lord John Russell to Clarendon, 25 June 1853 (File ff. 344-345)

Printing of paper on Sir James Brooke; risk of prosecution.

Subseries C. 4. Mss. Clar. Dep: Cabinet, 21 March 1853 - 29 May 1853

Filmed selectively.

Lord Aberdeen to Clarendon, 21 March 1853 (File f. 9)

Inquiry should be made into actions of Sir James Brooke.

Lord Aberdeen to Clarendon, 24 March 1853 (File ff. 15-16)

Inquiry on Sir James Brooke; need for caution in naval interference in native wars.

Lord Aberdeen to Clarendon, 9 April 1853 (File f. 23)

Wishes to see instructions to Board of Control on Brooke inquiry.

Lord Aberdeen to Clarendon, 4 December 1853 (File ff. 137-138)

Suggests Foreign Office study 1843 correspondence with France on Sandwich Islands.

Sir James Graham to Clarendon, 17 April 1853 (File f. 156)

Draft instructions to Fleet; naval force should not assist territorial aggrandizement of Sir James Brooke.

W.E. Gladstone to Clarendon, 23 February 1853 (File f. 277)

Establishment of Bishopric of Labuan.

Sir Charles Wood to Clarendon, 13 May 1853 (File ff. 283-284)

Inquiry on Sir James Brooke.

Sir Charles Wood to Clarendon, 29 May 1853 (File ff. 292-293)

Selection of person to undertake inquiry on Sir James Brooke.

Subseries C. 11. Mss. Clar. Dep: United States, 20 November 1853 - 28 November 1853

Filmed selectively.

J.F. Crampton (Washington) to Clarendon, 20 November 1853 (File ff. 456-461)

Cuba; Sandwich Islands; need for Britain and France to offer King joint protection if American annexation to be prevented.

J.F. Crampton to Clarendon, 28 November 1853 (File ff. 466-472)

Danger of American annexation of Sandwich Islands; possible understanding between United States and Russia in event of war.

Subseries C. 13. Mss. Clar. Dep: Belgium, Holland, Borneo, Germany, 1854

Filmed selectively.

Papers on Borneo, 1854 (File ff. 506-663)

Pamphlet, memoranda and correspondence on Sir James Brooke, charter of Eastern Archipelago Company, Bishopric of Labuan, and inquiry into conduct of Brooke.

Correspondents include Clarendon, Lord Ellesmere, J.C. Templer, E. Cardwell, Lord Hobart and Bishop C. Bloomfield.

Subseries C. 14. Mss. Clar. Dep: Cabinet, 2 March 1854 - 7 December 1854

Filmed selectively.

Lord Aberdeen to Clarendon, 17 May 1854 (File f. 44)

Political appointment for Sir James Brooke.

Lord Aberdeen to Clarendon, 15 September 1854 (File ff. 82-83)

Establishment of Bishopric of Labuan; alternative of missionary Bishop.

Sir James Graham to Clarendon, 2 March 1854 (File ff. 222-229)

Instruction to Admiral of East Indies Station on piracy in Malayan seas; letters from Sir Fleetwood Pellew on Sir James Brooke.

Sir James Graham to Clarendon, 25 September 1854 (File ff. 443-445)

Possible American annexation of Sandwich Islands; weakness of Pacific squadron.

Sir James Graham to Clarendon, 6 December 1854 (File ff. 533-534)

Instructions for Admirals of East Indies and Pacific Stations.

Sir James Graham to Clarendon, 7 December 1854 (File ff. 535-536)

American hostility towards Britain over Sandwich Islands; British naval strength in north Pacific.

Sir George Grey to Clarendon, 8 September 1854 (File ff. 673-676)

Sends letter to Lord Nelson on creation of Bishopric of Labuan.

S. Herbert to Clarendon, 10 September 1854 (File ff. 677-678)

Creation of Bishopric of Labuan; views of Bishop G.A. Selwyn; Selwyn's plans to concentrate on Pacific Islands.

Sir George Grey to Clarendon, 20 September 1854 (File f. 683)

Approval of Queen of creation of Bishopric of Labuan.

Subseries C. 15. Mss. Clar. Dep: Cabinet, 27 February 1854

Filmed selectively.

Duke of Newcastle to Clarendon, 27 February 1854 (File ff. 797-798)

Complaint by Buchanan about Passengers Act; loss of American ship Monumental City on coast of Australia.

Subseries C. 16. Mss. Clar. Dep: France, 24 March 1854

Filmed selectively.

Capt. H. Denham (Sydney) to Clarendon, 24 March 1854 (File ff. 596-610)

Account of French occupation of New Caledonia and Isle of Pines; Pacific missions; need for British consul in Fiji.

Subseries C. 18. Mss. Clar. Dep: France, 27 September 1854 - 5 December 1854

Filmed selectively.

Lord Cowley (Paris) to Clarendon, 27 September 1854 (File ff. 146-152)

Conversation with French Minister on Sandwich Islands and United States.

Lord Cowley to Clarendon, 5 December 1854 (File ff. 647-649)

Despatch of instructions to French Admiral in Pacific.

Subseries C. 24. Mss. Clar. Dep: United States, 3 April 1854

Filmed selectively.

J. Crampton (Washington) to Clarendon, 3 April 1854 (File ff. 221-227)

Talks on privateering; Clayton anxious to see 1843 note on independence of Sandwich Islands.

Subseries C. 25. Mss. Clar. Dep: United States, 4 September 1854 - 4 December 1854

Filmed selectively.

P. Griffith (Washington) to Clarendon, 4 September 1854 (File f. 118)

Talks with Assistant Secretary of State on American plans to annex Sandwich Islands.

J. Crampton (Washington) to Clarendon, 10 September 1854 (File ff. 125-135)

Greytown; believes United States Government has definitely decided to annex Sandwich Islands.

J. Crampton to Clarendon, 22 October 1854 (File ff. 210-219)

Spanish affairs; declaration on Sandwich Islands by Webster in 1851.

J. Crampton to Clarendon, 29 October 1854 (File ff. 225-237)

Statements by Fillmore on independence of Sandwich Islands; proposed Tripartite Convention.

J. Crampton to Clarendon, 6 November 1854 (File ff. 239-247)

Conversation with Marcy on Sandwich Islands; opposition in Senate to annexation; fishing rights.

J. Crampton to Clarendon, 27 November 1854 (File ff. 321-328)

Soule affair; despatch on Sandwich Islands; opposition to admission of Sandwich Islands as a State.

Cutting on annexation of Sandwich Islands, Baltimore Sun, 27 November 1854 (File f. 335)
J. Crampton to Clarendon, 4 December 1854 (File ff. 357-361)

Enlistment in United States; despatch on Sandwich Islands.

Subseries C. 28. Mss. Clar. Dep: Belgium, Holland, Spain, South America, 9 February 1855 - 7 August 1855

Filmed selectively.

Lord Ellesmere to Clarendon, 23 May 1855 (File ff. 284-285)

Commission on Sir James Brooke.

Lord Ellesmere to Clarendon, June 1855 (File ff. 288-301)

Commission on Sir James Brooke. (4 letters).

Lord Ellesmere to Clarendon, 11 July 1855 (File f. 310)

Wishes to present Sarawak Report as soon as possible.

Lord Ellesmere to Clarendon, 7 August 1855 (File ff. 315-324)

Brooke inquiry; Eastern Archipelago Company.

Lord Malmesbury to Clarendon, 9 February 1855 (File ff. 778-782)

Sends letter from Capt. E. Harris (Santiago) on weakness of Britain in Pacific and need to annex unoccupied islands.

Subseries C. 29. Mss. Clar. Dep: Cabinet, 3 June 1855 - 11 September 1855

Filmed selectively.

Sir Charles Wood to Clarendon, 11 September 1855 (File f. 474)

East India Company has no complaints of piracy near Singapore.

Lord Carlisle to Clarendon, 3 June 1855 (File ff. 575-576)

Opposes allowing W.S. O'Brien to return to Ireland.

Subseries C. 30. Mss. Clar. Dep: Cabinet, 22 November 1855

Filmed selectively.

Lord Cranworth to Clarendon, 22 November 1855 (File ff. 457-460)

Judgment against Eastern Archipelago Company; granting of new charter.

Subseries C. 43. Mss. Clar. Dep: United States, 24 July 1855

Filmed selectively.

J. Crampton (Washington) to Clarendon, 24 July 1855 (File ff. 393-395)

Talk with Mercy on Sandwich Islands; Commercial Reciprocity Treaty.

Subseries C. 48. Mss. Clar. Dep: Cabinet, 2 January 1856

Filmed selectively.

Sir Charles Wood to Clarendon, 2 January 1856 (File ff. 455-456)

Increase in Russian naval strength and likely collusion with United States.

Subseries C. 70. Mss. Clar. Dep: Cabinet, 7 April 1857

Filmed selectively.

H. Labouchere to Clarendon, 7 April 1857 (File f. 93)

Governor of Labuan; residence of Consul at Borneo.

Subseries C. 82. Mss. Clar. Dep: Cabinet, 15 February 1858

Filmed selectively.

H. Labouchere to Clarendon, 15 February 1858 (File f. 172)

Cocos Islands; impossible to indemnify J. Ross for loss of trade with Batavia; suggests Government offer to withdraw from Cocos provided Dutch allow trade to resume.

Subseries C. 103. Mss. Clar. Dep: Miscellaneous, 6 February 1858

Filmed selectively.

Lord Grey to Clarendon, 6 February 1858 (File ff. 757-761)

Memorandum of Sir James Brooke on need for British protection to prevent Dutch encroachment on Sarawak.

Clarendon. Note on memorandum of Sir James Brooke, 6 February 1858 (File ff. 762-763)

Subseries C. 127. Mss. Clar. Dep: Letterbook, 2 December 1853 - 23 December 1853

Filmed selectively.

Clarendon to J. Crampton, 2 December 1853 (File ff. 151r-52r)

Banquet given for J. Mitchel; need to prevent American annexation of Sandwich Islands; Turkish affairs.

Clarendon to J. Crampton, 9 December 1853 (File ff. 173v-74v)

United States Government seeking popularity over Sandwich Islands; suggestion that King should ask for tripartite protectorate.

Clarendon to J. Crampton, 23 December 1853 (File ff. 198r-v)

Situation in East; need to keep status quo in Sandwich Islands.

Subseries C. 128. Mss. Clar. Dep: Letterbook, 22 May 1854

Filmed selectively.

Clarendon to Lord Ellesmere, 22 May 1854 (File ff. 289v-90r)

Memorandum of J.C. Templer on Sir James Brooke; request for warship; his position as Consul-General.

Subseries C. 129. Mss. Clar. Dep: Letterbook, 11 August 1854

Filmed selectively.

Clarendon to J. Crampton, 11 August 1854 (File ff. 195r-97r)

Scheme of President for mediation in Crimean War; fears of American annexation of Sandwich Islands.

Subseries C. 130. Mss. Clar. Dep: Letterbook, 7 September 1854 - 17 November 1854

Filmed selectively.

Clarendon to Sir George Grey, 7 September 1854 (File ff. 34-36)

Appointment of Bishop of Labuan.

Clarendon to J. Crampton, 22 September 1854 (File ff. 109-114)

United States indifference to friendly relations with Britain; maintenance of independence of Sandwich Islands.

Clarendon to J. Crampton, 6 October 1854 (File ff. 176-180)

Likely British reaction to American annexation of Sandwich Islands; Russian support for United States.

Clarendon to Lord Ellesmere, 30 October 1854 (File ff. 319B-321)

Request by Eastern Archipelago Company for protection against piracy.

Clarendon to J. Crampton, 17 November 1854 (File ff. 442-452)

Amendment of despatch on Sandwich Islands; allegations by W. Miller of bribery of Royal Family of Sandwich Islands.

Subseries C. 131. Mss. Clar. Dep: Letterbook, 4 December 1854

Filmed selectively.

Clarendon to Lord Cowley, 4 December 1854 (File ff. 21-24)

Refers to character of French Admiral in Pacific.

Subseries C. 148. Mss. Clar. Dep: Letterbook, 6 January 1869

Filmed selectively.

Clarendon to Lord Lyons, 6 January 1869 (File ff. 49-51)

Eastern affairs; United States planning armed diplomacy in Sandwich Islands.

Subseries C. 224. Mss. Clar. Dep: Register of despatches to Minister at Washington, 1 November 1853 - 16 August 1855

Filmed selectively.

Possible American annexation of Sandwich Islands, 1 November 1853 (File ff. 10v-11v)
Reception at San Francisco to escaped convict J. Mitchel, 9 December 1853 (File ff. 20r-v)
American annexation of Sandwich Islands, 6 October 1854 (File ff. 57r-68r)
Conduct of United States Commercial Agent at Samoa, 20 December 1854 (File f. 81v)
Request by King of Sandwich Islands for joint protectorate, 30 December 1854 (File f. 87r)
Reports of Americans from Sandwich Islands taking possession of island of Natividad, 30 July 1855 (File f. 99v)
Declaration of independence of Sandwich Islands, 16 August 1855 (File f. 105r)

Subseries C. 225. Mss. Clar. Dep: Register of despatches from Minister at Washington, 13 March 1853 - 4 December 1853

Filmed selectively.

Establishment of line of mail steamers in Pacific, 13 March 1853 (File f. 9r)
Annexation of Sandwich Islands, 20 November 1853 (File ff. 21r-22v)
Arrival of J. Mitchel in New York, 4 December 1853 (File f. 23r)

Subseries C. 499. Mss. Clar. Dep: Cabinet, 6 January 1869 - 22 March 1870

Filmed selectively.

H.C.E. Childers to Clarendon, 6 January 1869 (File ff. 118-125)

Reorganization of Pacific Station; note by Sir Sydney Dacres on importance of Station.

Capt. B. Seymour to H. Hervey, 22 March 1870 (File ff. 222-224)

Queen Victoria has agreed to Duke of Edinburgh being employed in Western Pacific but must not revisit Australian ports.

Subseries C. 500. Mss. Clar. Dep: Cabinet, January 1869 - 27 August 1869

Filmed selectively.

Lord Granville to Clarendon, 27 August 1869 (File ff. 36-37)

Request by R. Price for employment for R. Dansey in New Zealand.

R. Price to Clarendon, 22 August 1869 (File ff. 38-39)

Employment in New Zealand for R. Dansey.

E. Cardwell to Lord Granville, [1869-01] (File ff. 131-132)

Colonial military expenditure. (printed).

Subseries C. 549. Mss. Clar. Dep: Miscellaneous papers, 1848

Filmed selectively.

Further papers on affairs of New Zealand; correspondence with Governor Grey (printed), 1848 (File)
J. Yates to Clarendon, 1 September 1848 (File)

Application by India and Australian Mail Steam Packet Company for Royal charter; sends papers on agreement on Singapore-Sydney portion of line. (16pp).

Subseries C. 555. Mss. Clar. Dep: Miscellaneous papers, c. 1843

Filmed selectively.

Clarendon. Notes on establishment of French protectorate at Tahiti (6pp.), c. 1843 (File)

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