National Library of Australia
According to Rupert Lockwood's biographer, Rowan Cahill, some of Lockwood's papers were destroyed in a fire in 1957. Certainly there is little in the collection that documents Lockwood's career as a journalist before that date. The papers in the Lockwood collection consist of correspondence, writings, notes, research material, photographs, sound recordings and printed material relating to Lockwood's life as a journalist, writer, Communist Party member, historical, industrial and political researcher, and editor. A major portion of the collection comprises drafts of his pamphlets, articles and books, particularly of Black armada, War on the waterfront and Ship to shore. Notes and research material, including titled subject files, are also abundant. Records documenting Lockwood's role in the Petrov Affair include copies of official records, including 'Document J', correspondence, articles, news cuttings and printed material. Many of the photographs were collected by Lockwood when editor of Maritime worker and reflect the subject matter of that journal. There is also correspondence and submissions from readers sent to him as editor. Family who are represented in the correspondence include Lockwood's siblings, Douglas, Allan and Lionel Lockwood, ex-wife Betty Searle and his children, in particular Penny Lockwood. Other correspondents include Vic Bird, Tim Bowden, Tas Bull, Rowan Cahill, Veronica English, Irina Golovnya, Ken Gott, Jo Hawke, David McKnight, Ron Maxwell, Bernice Morris, Helen Palmer, Katherine Prentice, Paul Stenhouse, Russel Ward, Judah Waten and Douglas Wilkie.
Available for research. Not for loan.
The papers of Rupert Lockwood were received in eleven instalments between 1997 and 2011 from Lockwood's daughter, Penny Lockwood.
The papers were created and collected by Lockwood. After his move to a nursing home, the collection was placed in the custody of his daughter, Penny Lockwood. Ms Lockwood filed a small portion of the papers inside titled files, but in general there was little evidence of order amongst the collection at the time of receipt by the National Library.
Physical arrangement of the collection follows the order in which each successive instalment was received, with the arrangement of files and loose material within the original boxes largely retained. Loose material in some instances has been collocated in containers at the end of the sequence of files within the original box. See the concordance list for locations of files inside boxes and their relationship to original accession/box numbers. Lockwood's files have been retained (sometimes inside plastic bags), but fragile material, loose papers and those originally in envelopes have been rehoused into archival containers by Library staff.
In addition, an artificial intellectual arrangement within a series framework has been imposed on the collection by the Library. Lockwood's file and envelope titles (and/or those of Penny Lockwood) have been retained in the finding aid file titles and can be distinguished from Library-allocated titles by the absence of square brackets. However due to Lockwood's habit of filing material on a range of subjects into the same file/envelope etc, the majority of file titles in the finding aid do not represent all material inside containers. Rather, file titles and descriptions summarise material formats and highlight subjects and/or correspondents which/who are represented inside containers by significant amounts of material.
The National Library holds all Lockwood's published works in its General Collection, with the exception of The miraculous union: a hundred years of waterfront unionism.
In the Manuscript Collection there are also: a typescript of an article entitled "What is in Document J" by Rupert Lockwood at MS 1337; the papers of Lockwood's brother, Douglas Lockwood, at MS 6575; and transcripts of interviews of Lockwood by Tim Bowden at MS 9114.
There is a portrait of Lockwood by Keith Looby held in the Pictures Collection, available online at http://nla.gov.au/nla.pic-an14239307. This portrait was donated to the Library by Penny Lockwood.
In the Oral History Collection, there is: an interview of Lockwood by Hazel de Berg at ORAL TRC 1/1245; and an address by Lockwood at the National Press Club on 11 November 1987 at ORAL TRC 4045.
Papers collected by Rupert Lockwood c.1970 for a written history of the Waterside Workers Federation are held in the Mitchell and Dixson Library Manuscript Collection at the State Library of New South Wales at MLMss1956.
Rupert Ernest Lockwood was an Australian journalist, writer and editor. He was born in 1908 at Natimuk in the Wimmera region of Victoria, to parents Alfred Wright Lockwood and Alice (nee Francis). After Alice died in 1913, Alfred married a woman of German descent, Ida Dorothea Klowss. This event led to the family being subjected to anti-German harassment, a theme which figures in Rupert Lockwood's autobiographical writings. Alfred was proprietor of the local West Wimmera Mail newspaper, which he used as a forum for expressing his personal views. Alfred also involved his children in the newspaper's production, as a result of which Rupert not only grew up setting type and using the printing machine, but from the age of fourteen was reporting local news. Rupert was educated at Natimuk State School and Wesley College, Melbourne.
In 1930 Lockwood joined the Melbourne Herald as a cadet journalist, and in 1933 became chief Parliamentary press reporter in Canberra. In 1935, he sailed for Singapore, where he undertook a variety of newspaper jobs and travelled throughout South East Asia, China and Japan, witnessing the Japanese military in action in China. He travelled via Trans-Siberian Railway to Russia and thence to London. Here Lockwood joined the Australian Newspaper Service and used this as a basis for travel thoughout Europe, including Germany, Italy and Spain, where he reported from Spanish Civil War fronts in 1937. His experiences in Spain in particular radicalised his existing anti-fascist political leanings, fostered during his time in bohemian Melbourne and by a period as Herald unemployment roundsman.
In 1938 Sir Keith Murdoch recalled Lockwood to Australia, where he resumed his work at the Herald and Canberra press gallery. However Lockwood's involvement with the Australian Council for Civil Liberties and an incident in which he insulted Deputy Prime Minister Menzies at a Canberra Press Gallery dinner, led to Herald management disapproval and Lockwood seeking employment elsewhere in 1939. In this year he also joined the Communist Party of Australia (CPA), and although he kept his membership a secret until 1942 when the Party was legalised, he became the subject of Commonwealth Investigation Branch surveillance. Lockwood produced a number of communist pamphlets and became a regular public speaker for the CPA during the 1940s-1950s.
Lockwood worked for ABC Weekly and the labour paper Daily News over the next two years. Thereafter he worked in labour movement journalism for the next 45 years, including as associate editor of the Waterside Workers Federation journal, Maritime Worker, 1952-1985, and as Communist newspaper Tribune Moscow correspondent 1965-1968. During this latter period Lockwood toured Roumania, Czecholslovakia, Bulgaria, Poland, East Germany and Hungary and inside the USSR. His articles were published in Pravda and other Soviet, East German, Hungarian and Bulgarian newspapers. After his return to Australia in 1968, Lockwood began to disengage from the CPA.
Lockwood was brought to public notoriety in 1954 at the time of the defection of Soviet spies Vladimir and Evdokia Petrov. During the Royal Commission into Espionage in Australia in 1954-1955, Locwood was examined for nine days in the witness box regarding the authorship of a document, known as 'Document J', which was handed to ASIO by Petrov. He was ultimately cleared of being a Soviet agent, but the Petrov Affair remained the incident for which he was best-known. In later years he was sought after by students, television and film producers and journalists, particularly for his knowledge of the 1930s-1950s.
Apart from his writings as a journalist and pamphleteer, Lockwood's published a number of books, including Black armada (1975), Humour is their weapon (1985), War on the waterfront (1987), and Ship to shore (1990).
Lockwood died in 1997, survived by his ex-wife, Betty Searle, and daughters Penny, Althea and Andria.
Cahill, Rowan. 'Geo-politics of a soul: Rupert Lockwood (1908-1997)', in Labour History, no. 72, May 1997.
Cahill, Rowan. 'Rupert Lockwood abroad, 1935-1938: genesis of a Cold War journalist', History Cooperative's Conference Proceedings (2007), http://www.historycooperative.org/proceedings/asslh2/cahill.html
This series comprises letters and cards to Lockwood, largely for the period from the 1960s to his later years in hospitals and nursing homes. Whilst there is also a strong presence in the collection of Lockwood's letters to family members, generally he did not retain copies of his own correspondence to others. Major correspondents include Lockwood's siblings, children and grandchildren, Ken Gott, Rowan Cahill, Tim Bowden, Irina Golovnya, Katherine Prentice, Tas Bull, Ron Maxwell, Douglas Wilkie, David McKnight, Vic Bird, Russel Ward, Helen Palmer, Judah Waten, Jo Hawke, Veronica English, Bernice Morris and Paul Stenhouse. In addition there is correspondence with publishers, Waterside Workers Federation office bearers, Maritime Worker readers and contributors, and union colleagues. Due to Lockwood's habit of filing a range of material together, correspondence can be found throughout the collection. Likewise, papers other than correspondence are scattered throughout this series.
The publications comprise a journal containing an article by Rupert Lockwood and a history of Natimuk by Allan Lockwood.
Includes: letters relating to the Australian Journalists Association Gold Honour badge awarded to Lockwood in 1995; letters and notes written by Lockwood; family history papers; sympathy messages received by the family after Lockwood's death; and a list of people to invite to his wake.
Includes: biographical material about Lockwood; news cuttings; notes written by Lockwood; copy of an extract from Alice Lockwood's diary; and a photo, captioned 'Meeting Leichhardt Stadium, the turbulent years'.
The suspension file was titled 'Press releases - to do!'. Contents include: typescripts and copies of articles by Lockwood on the Petrov Affair (1984), 'Wilfred Burchett's retreat from Moscow' and a conference paper, 'Seeing Red -- and darker colours' (1991); transcripts of interviews of Lockwood by Tim Bowden of the ABC (1973-1974); an article about Lockwood by Rowan Cahill (1991); and a file of correspondence of the Waterside Workers Federation from 1938 entitled 'Kembla support', largely messages of support for the Federation's embargo on loading scrap iron onto SS Dalfram bound for Japan.
Includes: notes on the Communist Party of Australia; draft excerpt relating to the Waterside Workers Federation; and an itinerary and notes on a trip to China in 1989.
Correspondents include Rowan Cahill, family members, David McKnight, Douglas Wilkie, Vic Bird and Jim Davies.
Correspondents include Drew Cottle, family members (many of the letters are from Rupert Lockwood to Penny Lockwood), Rowan Cahill and Katherine Prentice. There is also a photograph of Lockwood dated 1993.
The documents largely relate to travel in Cairo and Russia, whilst Lockwood was a correspondent for the Australian Tribune. Correspondents include Arthur Calwell and the Waterside Workers Federation.
Includes a funeral oration by Lockwood for George Docker, 1969. Correspondents include Betty Searle [Lockwood] and Douglas Wilkie.
Includes a paper by S. Cooper entitled 'The Sino-Soviet split re-visited', 1981. Correspondents include Rowan Cahill.
Includes a photograph of Neville Wran. Correspondence is from family or relates to the launch of War on the waterfront.
Correspondents include Russel Ward and family members.
Includes a photograph of Lockwood in Egypt in 1968, and Russian ephemera dating from the 1960s. Correspondents include family members, Katherine Prentice, Ken Gott, Drew Cottle and Rowan Cahill. One letter from Cahill contains information about M.H. Ellis in relation to the Petrov Affair.
Includes a statutory declaration by James Frederick Staples attesting to the characters of Rupert and Betty Lockwood and that they had severed connections to the Communist Party of Australia, 1973.
The draft relates to Petrov. Correspondents include Douglas Wilkie, family members and Steve Brook. In addition there are copies of letters from journalist John Fisher to Dr H.V. Evatt seeking employment and accusing Lockwood and other Australian Communist Party members of creating problems for him in Europe, 1951.
Includes a 1976 letter from Lord Mountbatten of Burma, commenting on Lockwood's Black armada, and explaining his part in the Indonesian Dutch shipping industrial dispute. Other correspondents include Lockwood family members and the publisher Rigby.
Largely letters addressed to Penny Lockwood, particularly from her mother, Betty [Searle] Lockwood, and from Rupert Lockwood. Other correspondence is addressed to Rupert Lockwood, from his publisher, Rigby, and from Helen Palmer.
Correspondents include Penny Lockwood and other family members, the ABC (including Tim Bowden), Don Watson, Russel Ward, Tom Uren and Alan Marshall. Contents include a photographic slide of Lockwood speaking in a park.
Correspondents include Franca Arena, Helen Palmer, Judah Waten (regarding Frank Hardy), the publisher Rigby, family members and Eastern European journal publishers re articles by Lockwood. Contents also include a eulogy for Bob Allen (author unclear) and photographic negatives of divers and other scenes from Broome, Western Australia.
Includes personal and professional mail received by Lockwood after he returned from Russia where he was the Tribune correspondent. Correspondents include: Geoff Sharp and others regarding Lockwood leaving the Communist Party of Australia, and Wilfred Burchett. Other contents include photographs of Russia, India and Singapore dated 1962, many of Phil O'Brien and his family, and photographs of the 1974 Brisbane floods.
Correspondents include family members, the Waterside Workers Federation, Vic Bird, Katherine Prentice and Peter Hopper.
Correspondents include family members, Rowan Cahill, the ABC's Bill Bunbury, Katherine Prentice, Betty Nesbit and Ken Gott.
Correspondents include family members, Russel Ward, the ABC and Mick Healy.
Correspondents include family members, Katherine Prentice, Ken Gott and Rowan Cahill. Contents also include Lockwood family history material.
Includes: an interview of Lockwood by Steve Brook published in the Journal of the Indonesian Association; a copy of a House of Representatives Question without notice and the reply, relating to Lockwood's travel plans in 1948; Francis family history material; and a copy of a letter awarding Lockwood a Gold Honour Badge for services to Journalism and the Australian Journalists Association.
Includes: a letter to Lockwood from Joe Goddard protesting at Lockwood's portrayal of his father, Joe Goddard, in Ship to shore; and a letter from Rowan Cahill, sending a copy of 'Rupert Lockwood and the spooks'.
Includes: an excerpt from David McKnight's book, Australia's spies and their secrets, sent by Rowan Cahill to Lockwood with his comments about the book; and a transcript of an excerpt of the diary of Alice Ellen Lockwood.
Correspondents include: Hale and Iremonger (regarding rights to War on the waterfront and Black armada); and copies of a threatening note from David Bearlin.
Correspondents include family, Katherine Prentice and Irina Golovnya.
Correspondents include Hale and Iremonger (regarding editing of a Waterside Workers Federation history) and Rowan Cahill.
Correspondents include family, including Betty Searle, John Bell (regarding a visit by Professor Irina Golovnya to Australia), Ken Gott, Drew Cottle, Rowan Cahill, Ron Maxwell and Katherine Prentice. There are also copies of: a request from Lockwood to the Waterside Workers Federation for an advance for his work on The miraculous union; a letter from Lockwood to Jim Beggs of the WWF, about a threatening note from David Bearlin; and an extract of entry for Lockwood's birth.
Includes: a letter from Mrs B. Poniewierski regarding her research into Japanese people in Australia; a short note from Tas Bull; and snaps of Lockwood with unidentified others at a social gathering.
Correspondents incude Drew Cottle, Ken Gott, Rowan Cahill, Vera Deacon, ABC's Bill Bunbury, family members, Margaret Ely, Katherine Prentice, Michael Threlfall, Ron Maxwell and Tas Bull. In addition, there is a copy of a letter to Lockwood from Lord Mountbatten of Burma.
Correspondents include the Australian Literature Board (regarding a project by Lockwood), Russel Ward, Rowan Cahill, Vietnam War correspondent Pat Burgess, Laurie and Tricia Brereton, Ken Gott, Drew Cottle, Betty Searle, Katherine Prentice, Irina Golovnya and Vic Bird. In addition there is a letter from William Heinemann Australia rejecting the manuscript of Black armada, and a photograph of Irina Golovnya with two other women.
Correspondents include Betty Lawson, family members, Ken Gott, Katherine Prentice, Russel Ward, Max Brown and Rowan Cahill. In addition there is a letter on Minister for Aboriginal Affairs letterhead regarding research into the Reed Inquiry of 1943 and a memo and article on the death of Jim Healy by Stan Moran.
Letters include messages of condolence to the family after Lockwood's death in 1997 and letters and cards to Lockwood whilst he was in hospital in 1992. Correspondents include David McKnight (to Betty Searle, regarding Lockwood, Document J and spies in Australia), Katherine Prentice, family members, Vic Bird and Ron Maxwell. In addition there is a photograph of Lockwood in 1995, at the time he was awarded the Australian Journalists Association medal.
Includes: an issue of Annals Australia containing an article by Lockwood (1991); obituaries for Douglas Lockwood (1980); an article by Lockwood, 'Wimmera boyhood', published in Overland; and an issue of Outlook containing an article by Lockwood, 'As long as the heirs of Stalin remain ...'. Correspondents include family members, Alan Marshall and Katherine Prentice. Subjects covered in the letters include travel and Lockwood's departure from Moscow. There is also a letter from Lockwood to Manning Clark regarding an introduction written by Clark for a book by Tas Bull, Politics in a union: the Hursey Case (1977).
Includes an article by Lockwood entitled 'Recollections of the Sharkey Case' and a letter from an editor regarding cuts to Lockwood's manuscript, 'Tempestuous shore'.
Correspondents include Irina Golovnya, family members, Drew Cottle and Ken Gott.
Correspondents include Betty Searle, family members and Drew Cottle.
Correspondents include family members, Betty Searle, Drew Cottle and Ken Gott.
Correspondents include family members, Drew Cottle, Irina Golovnya, Ken Gott and Rowan Cahill.
Correspondents include Katherine Prentice, Natasha Deakin, Ken Gott, Vic Bird, Bernard Smith (re Noel Counihan), family members, Rowan Cahill, Drew Cottle and Irina Golovnya. Also includes an itinerary for a visit to China made by Rupert Lockwood and Penny Lockwood in 1989.
Correspondents include family members, Katherine Prentice, Drew Cottle, Ken Gott and Beth Gott (advising Lockwood of Ken's death), Rowan Cahill, Anna Murdoch (addressed to Allan and Frank Lockwood) and Vic Bird.
Correspondents include Irina Golovnya, family members and Katherine Prentice. Also includes receipts and ephemera from Lockwood's visit to China in 1989.
Correspondents include Katherine Prentice, Rowan Cahill, family members, David McKnight and Drew Cottle. Also includes a memorandum of agreement between Lockwood and Hale and Iremonger Pty Ltd for War on the waterfront.
Correspondents include family members, Irina Golovnya, Drew Cottle, Laurie Aarons (second page only) and Tim Bowden.
Correspondents include Drew Cottle, family members, Bernard Smith (regarding a book he was writing on Noel Counihan), Rowan Cahill and Vic Bird.
Includes: photographs of Lockwood; papers relating to a wreath for the funeral of Lionel Lockwood; and 'Notes on Japanese espionage in Australia'. Correspondents include Drew Cottle, Katherine Prentice and Rowan Cahill.
Includes: family correspondence; snapshots of family; and an article by Lockwood, 'Miracle in Minnesota'.
Includes copies of fliers regarding a referendum 'to alter the Constitution ... to make laws with respect to Communists and Communism'; an Australian Dictionary of Biography entry for Alfred Lockwood written by Allan and Rupert Lockwood; a photograph of Waterside Workers Federation delegates, 1912; and condolence cards following Lockwood's death.
Includes an article, 'Dr H.V. Evatt's hour of glory: the Petrov conspiracy'. Correspondents include family members, Ken Gott, Katherine Prentice and publisher UQP (regarding Black armada). There is also material relating to a Lockwood family reunion and the funeral of Lockwood's brother Raymond.
Correspondents include family members. There is also a letter from Lockwood to Stewart West MP regarding the launch of War on the waterfront and publicity material for the book.
Correspondents include publishers, Russel Ward, Ken Gott, family members, Lockwood's Russian girlfriend Tanya, Rowan Cahill and Pat Connelly. There is also a copy of a resolution by the Maritime Branch of the Communist Party of Australia expressing their 'contempt for Rupert Lockwood, ... for his current writings in the anti-working class press ...'.
Correspondents include family members, Russel Ward and publishers. The photographs depict Polish seamen meeting with Phil O'Brien in Gdansk.
Correspondents include family members, Katherine Prentice and Irina Golovnya. There is also a transcript of an interview of Wilfred Burchett (by The economist?) entitled 'Turn Hiroshima into the antinuke base' (1982).
Papers specifically relating to Lockwood and Lockwood's family. They comprise: Lockwood's own taxation, financial, medical, legal, official and other personal papers; diaries and other records of family members; family history material; papers relating to Lockwood's property in, and interest in the environment around, St Albans, New South Wales; biographical material about Lockwood; and obituaries and funeral documents for Lockwood and family members. Correspondence between Lockwood and family members is largely to be found in Series 1, Correspondence. However, due to Lockwood's habit of filing a range of material together, family correspondence may be present in this series. Likewise, personal and family papers can be found throughout the collection.
The proposed film was a program in the Smith St Films series, 'The other Australian'. Includes a transcript of the ABC program by Tim Bowden, 'The making of an Australian communist' (1973).
Includes: a letter written by Lockwood to Bob Carr and forwarded to Carr on Lockwood's behalf by his daughter, Penny Lockwood; passport-style photographs of Lockwood; and a speech text, possibly written by Tim Bowden, delivered on the occasion of Lockwood's birthday celebrations in 1989.
Includes an agreement between Lockwood and David Ell Press Pty Ltd for publication of Humour is their weapon.
Includes: passports of Lockwood; transcript excerpts from the diary of Alice Lockwood; a photocopy of a photograph of Lockwood, Penny Lockwood, Jim Snow MP and Andrew Refshauge MLA; other uncaptioned and captioned photographs, including one of Ted Roach.
Includes photographs of Lockwood and other family members and of the Lockwood family tree.
Includes: condolence letters to Penny Lockwood following Lockwood's death; a note from Penny Lockwood to Lockwood's girlfriend in Russia, Tanya, informing her of Lockwood's death; information about Alice Francis (Lockwood); and an article by Penny Lockwood about a trip to China by Lockwood and Penny during the Beijing democracy uprisings in 1989.
Lockwood joined the Communist Party of Australia (CPA) in 1939, an action which attracted government surveillance over a prolonged period. After World War II, he represented the CPA in Europe and was leader of the Australian delegation to the World Peace Congress in Paris, 1949. He became embroiled in the 1954 Royal Commission into Espionage in Australia after the defection of Vladimir and Evdokia Petrov, largely in relation to the authorship of what was termed 'Document J', a background briefing document on Australian politics and history supplied to Tass News Agency correspondent, Viktor Antonov. Lockwood confessed that he had written parts of the document but claimed that it had been altered by an unknown third party. Lockwood worked for the CPA's newspaper, the Tribune, as their Moscow correspondent between 1965-1968. His experiences in Moscow led to disillusionment with Soviet-style Communism and on his return to Australia he resigned from CPA and published a series of articles in 1970 in The Australian newspaper explaining his change of view (see 'The Lockwood file' in File 140, Box 22). Lockwood was also interviewed by ABC's Tim Bowden for a number of programs in the 1970s relating to his CPA membership and role in the Petrov Affair.
This series includes: copies of 'Document J'; surveillance reports by the Commonwealth Investigation Branch; articles and conference papers by Lockwood and others (principally Rowan Cahill) and research material, news cuttings, drafts and notes about the Soviet Union, Communism, Petrov, Lockwood's association with Communism and other related material; papers dating from his period as Tribune correspondent; and transcripts of ABC interviews of Lockwood. Due to Lockwood's habit of filing a range of material together, papers relevant to this series may also be found throughout the collection, particularly in Series 1, Correspondence (letters to and from Lockwood during his time in Moscow), Series 8, Notebooks and notes (some of which appear to document the same period), and Series 9, Subject files.
Includes the text of a report delivered to the Congress by Lockwood, who was leader of the Australian delegation.
The article is entitled 'Farewell Jack Child, a hero of the AJA', and the Communist Party of Australia New South Wales State Committee discussion paper is a 'Draft statement on major economic, political and social problems facing the people of NSW and the Communist Party program' (1959).
Contents include: a typed list of 'Chronological notes on Australian socialism'; and Lockwood's paper to the Evatt Memorial Foundation Conference, 'Seeing red --- and darker colours' (1991).
Contents include: papers from a Socialist Scholars Conference (1970), including one by Lockwood, 'Comment to Dr John Playford's papers, 'The myth of the sixty families'; and a copy of a pamphlet by M.N. Julius, The truth about the Brisbane Line.
Includes: CPA Congress papers (1967); 'Trends in literature in Australia' by Judah Waten (1966); and an issue of Discussion: a Communist forum on Australian and international affairs (1967).
Includes a small publication, Notes on the history of New Theatre, Australia.
Includes: an address book containing Moscow addresses; notes of Lockwood's returned by a researcher, including correspondence of Jim Comerford regarding Petrov and the 1949 Coal Strike and a 'Statement by Rupert Lockwood from which quotes may be made' about the strike; and other writings by Lockwood.
Includes an item by Lockwood, 'Reds under the beds. The Menzies-ASIO Cold War dilemma'; an article by Rowan Cahill published in Overland (1988), 'Heroes and villains'; and a copy of 'Report of Royal Commission on Australia's security and intelligence agencies on term of reference (c)'.
Includes a transcript of a program on 'Nationwide' about Petrov, which included an interview of Lockwood.
Includes: notes by Lockwood, 'What is in Document J'; and a list of questions for a documentary about Petrov, Lockwood's links to the Communist Party of Australia and his attitude to the Communism of the Soviet Union.
Includes: a reading list about Petrov (1984); a typescript of Part 2 of the ABC program, 'To Lockwood with love' (1975); and a seminar paper by Kim Beazley MP (1976).
Lockwood became associate editor of the Waterside Workers Federation's (WWF's) journal, Maritime worker, in 1952 and remained in that position or as editor until 1985. The WWF amalgamated with the Seamen's Union of Australia in 1993 and is now the Maritime Union of Australia. This series includes: material relating to Lockwood's editorship of Maritime worker and his retirement from the position; drafts, proofs and notes created by Lockwood whilst writing a centenary publication, The miraculous union (1985), and the history of the Melbourne Branch of the WWF, published as Ship to shore (1990); research material; Federation election ephemera; photographs; and WWF correspondence and files. See Series 1, Correspondence, File 22, Box 4, for WWF correspondence relating to the embargo on loading scrap iron onto SS Dalfram bound for Japan in 1938. For photographs collected by Lockwood to use in Maritime worker, see Series 11, Photographs. See also Series 6, War on the waterfront, which touches on WWF subjects and includes WWF material, although this book was not written under the auspices of the Federation. Due to Lockwood's habit of filing a range of records together, WWF-related material can be found throughout the collection. For the same reason, unrelated papers are present in this series.
Draft manuscript and typed copies of Lockwood's resignation letter.
Includes a page from notes or a letter about Black armada and plans by a 'left wing group in Melbourne ... to do some working class plays', including one 'on the Dutch ship dispute'.
Includes an issue of Longshoremen's Bulletin, 1942.
Includes a March 1990 issue of Socialist action and a record of comments by John Laws on radio 2UE on 23 November 1990.
The WWF material includes: wharfie jokes and nicknames; constitution, rules and guide; photographs of members and delegates; and a memo regarding commissioning a writer to compile a history of the Federation.
Includes: printed material relating to the 1956 WWF General Strike; a thesis by Peter Hopper, 'The 1919 Fremantle Lumpers' strike' (1975); a statement by Jack McPhillips of the Maritime Branch of the Communist Party of Australia, expressing contempt for Lockwood's resignation from the Party (1970); and a memo book containing a waterside worker's employment records (1955-1956).
Includes a 'Report by Phil O'Brien as Australian delegate to World Peace Council Presidential meeting ... at the Polish Parliament House, 1973'.
Includes: photographs of ships, dockside machinery and Bob Hawke at a Waterside Workers Federation conference; and a WWF Federal Office memo regarding a Bicentennial project with a 'Brief chronology of WWF history'.
Includes: a letter from Drew Cottle; photographs used in Maritime worker, including a Fretilin rally, Jim Cairns and container ships; photographs of Lockwood at a 'Port Kembla opening of War on the waterfront'; a speech from a Waterside Workers Federation centenary event; and 'Chronological notes on Australian socialism'.
The photographs include images of: a Fretilin rally; Waterside Workers Federation President Jim Healy and Secretary Harry Bouquet(?); Lockwood at a Centenary event; Melbourne Branch President Jim Beggs with a group; and Bob Hawke.
Includes: Maritime worker photographs, including one of Lockwood taking notes for the journal at a presentation by C.H. Fitzgibbon; a letter from Irina Golovnya; article by Lockwood, 'The shipping cartel'; and a copy of a letter from Lockwood to Mrs Hill about the death of her husband, Ted.
Includes: a Maritime worker letter, 'Iran report', and an article, 'Islam "threatens" progress' by Iranian worker Farhad Yawari; an 'Open letter to Australian Labor Party members ... and unions' regarding ALP changes in New South Wales; photographs of Tas Bull and Harry Bridges; an annotated copy of a 'Brief chronology of Waterside Workers Federation history'; and a letter from Ted Roach to Lockwood regarding union action against Groupers.
Includes: Maritime worker photographs, including a shot of Bill Gardner, the first wharfie Lord Mayor; and a Royal Institute of Naval Architects Centenary meeting paper by J.C.R. Sundercombe, entitled 'One hundred years of merchant ships on the Australian coast'.
Includes a card celebrating Lockwood's retirement and signed by Waterside Workers Federation staff and members, including Tas Bull.
Includes: a photograph of 'Eric the Red' blessing a new bakehouse; a Waterside Workers Federation memo regarding funding for Black armada; and a 'Brief chronology of the WWF history'.
Includes: draft chapters of Ship to shore; World Peace Council material (1970-1971); an undated circular 'For the guidance of Torres Strait Islanders who will be voting for the first time'; an electoral map of Baroona; and a statement by Dr H.V. Evatt on the Suez Canal crisis (1956).
Lockwood states in the introduction to his book, Black armada (1987), that he 'addressed many meetings to incite and maintain boycott of the Dutch' during the Indonesians' fight for independence after World War II, providing him with firsthand experience of Australia's role in its neighbour's break with Dutch colonialism. This series includes: drafts, manuscripts and proofs of the book; other writings by Lockwood on Indonesia; letters (largely copies) to Lockwood from Lord Louis Mountbatten of Burma regarding his role during the boycotts; other correspondence relating to the book; and printed material. Due to Lockwood's habit of filing a range of records together, material relevant to this series can be found throughout the collection and unrelated papers are also present in this series.
Includes a proposal from Lockwood to the Waterside Workers Federation Council to underwrite the publication of War on the waterfront.
The correspondents include Mick Healy and Rowan Cahill.
Includes memos relating to the forthcoming publication of Black armada and a request by Lockwood to the Waterside Workers Federation to assist with sales of the book.
Includes letters from Arthur Calwell and Stephen Murray-Smith, and copies of two letters from Lord Mountbatten.
Includes a copy of a letter from Mohd. Boudan regarding discrepancies in Black armada.
The research project by Steve Brook is entitled 'Australia, Indonesia and the Cold War: 100 cartoons'.
This series contains material relating to Lockwood's book, War on the waterfront: Menzies, Japan and the pig-iron dispute, published in 1987. It includes: correspondence of the WWF relating to the embargo by the Federation on loading scrap iron destined for Japan; other correspondence; photographs; research material, including on pre-war Australia-Japan connections; notes; and drafts, manuscripts and proofs of the book. Lockwood headed most of the files and drafts for the book, 'Kembla'. See Series 1, Correspondence, File 22, Box 4, for letters of support to the WWF for their embargo on loading scrap iron onto SS Dalfram bound for Japan in 1938. Due to Lockwood's habit of filing a range of records together, material relevant to this series can be found throughout the collection and unrelated papers are also present in this series.
Includes: a copy of a Commonwealth Investigation Bureau dossier on Charles Cousens, regarding his relationship with the Japanese, Sato, and statements by witnesses; Annals of the ACP; and photographs and images of ships.
Includes a speech by Stewart West MP at the unveiling of a plaque in commemoration of the SS Dalfram dispute 1938-1939.
Includes a transcript of a letter from Irina Golovnya and a copy of a letter to 'Tassie' from Les Mad Dog Stuart containing memoirs, including of the Waterside Workers Federation.
The material appears to be National Archives of Australia records.
Includes a 'Short history of the Kembla Branch' dated 1942.
This series comprises drafts, manuscripts and copies of Lockwood's writings on a range of subjects, including excerpts from unidentified books, articles, seminar papers, speech texts and lists ('catalogues') of Lockwood's published works. In some instances the published title is written on the container or suggested by the header which Lockwood used on most of his writings. However in many cases the title of the work is unclear or the typed information may in fact be research notes collated by Lockwood. A significant amount of material relates to the history of German immigrants, Lutherans and Wends in Australia, which Lockwood refers to in autobiographical writings (eg 'Wimmera Boyhood', published in Overland, see Bag 243, Box 36 in this series). See Series 5, Black armada and Series 6, War on the waterfront for material relating specifically to these books, and Series 4, Waterside Workers Federation, for drafts and other papers relating to The Miraculous union, Ship to shore and articles published in Maritime worker. Due to Lockwood's habit of filing a range of records together, material relevant to this series can be found throughout the collection and unrelated papers are also present in this series.
Includes a copy of a letter from Lorraine Murray to Desmond Alexander regarding Document J, with annotations by Lockwood.
Includes: draft excerpts from Black armada; draft excerpts entitled 'Mitsui'; and a memoir by Lockwood published in the Wimmera Mail-Times.
Contents also includes an empty file entitled 'Rupert Lockwood's mss on C.S.R.'
Includes writings by Lockwood on Churchill, Judge George Beeby and Prime Minister Stanley Bruce.
The file entitled Australian Broadcasting Commission contains notes relating to the Petrov Affair from Svetlana Alliluyeva's Twenty letters to a friend.
Content is on Australian mining industry unions and strikes.
The content relates to a visit to China by Rupert Lockwood and Penny Lockwood.
Includes an article by Lockwood, 'When Joe McCarthy invaded Australia' (1980), and papers relating to the creation of the 'New Left Party' in 1991. Material unrelated to the CPA or Menzies includes assorted drafts, family correspondence and letters addressed to Drew Cottle regarding Kennosuke (Ken) Sato.
Includes a letter from Vivienne Chiplin, wife of Rex Chiplin, Tribune correspondent in Moscow, to Alan Cross, teacher of Gymea, describing life in Russia.
Includes articles contributed by Lockwood to the ABC weekly whilst he was employed as a feature writer.
Includes a copy of a CIB secret investigation report on Lockwood, a report from Rowan Cahill of CIB files on Lockwood and a summary by Lockwood of Cahill's findings.
Includes uncaptioned photographs of Communist Party speakers in a park.
Includes: a tribute to Norman Docker by Lockwood; and a draft entitled 'Misrepresenting the USSR'.
Includes a Natimuk Historical Society publication, 'Recipes and hints of the early settlers'.
Includes a telegram from the Branch Secretary of the Australian Journalists' Association regarding an actor (John Howard) who was to play Lockwood in a film.
Includes: an invitation from ABC's television program "Media watch' to Lockwood to be interviewed for the program (1993); Vic Bird's publication, 'SS Silksworth dispute of 1937: a memoir'; and an article by Lockwood, 'Monopoly in Australia'. Correspondents include Rowan Cahill, family members, the Australia Council's Literature Board (notifying Lockwood that he was unsuccessful in his 1981 grant application) and Ken Gott.
This series comprises notebooks and notes created of Rupert Lockwood, as well as unsorted loose papers identified by the Library as 'notes'. Some of the notebooks contain notes taken by Lockwood during his period in Moscow as Tribune correspondent, 1965-1968. Notes relating to specific subjects or books of Lockwood can also be found in the relevant series. Due to Lockwood's habit of filing a range of records together, material relevant to this series can be found throughout the collection and unrelated papers are also present in this series.
Includes draft excerpts about ANZACs and a notebook marked 'Memoirs'.
Includes a photograph of Bob Hawke.
Includes notes on Mongolia and China.
Includes two small diaries used by Lockwood as address books.
Contents include: a speech by Hon. Peter Morris MHR at the launch of Lockwood's, The miraculous union; and a draft describing Wilfred Burchett's departure from Moscow.
Includes a draft article by Lockwood, 'Australian Government prefers illiterates as New Guinea Ministers'.
Includes copies of a letter from H.C. Coombs, representing the Aboriginal Treaty Committee, to Lockwood, inviting his participation in treaty work as a public speaker, and Lockwood's acceptance letter.
Includes: a transcript of an ABC interview by Tim Bowden, 'To Lockwood with love' (1975); photographs of a plaque honouring 'Men on the Port Kembla waterfront who refused to load pig-iron for [Japan] aboard the SS Dalfram' and of Ted Bull addressing a United Pensioner-Unionist rally in Sydney (1975); and a copy of a letter from Lockwood to the editor of the Bulletin regarding an article about Petrov.
Includes: an unaddressed proposal for War on the waterfront and a seminar paper by Sondra J. Silverman, 'Political strikes'.
The photographs include images of Lockwood's Russian girlfriend, Tanya (1968), and a Queensland Trade Union Congress, 1962, including Waterside Workers Federation delegates Phil O'Brien, A. Arnell and H. Pritchard.
This series comprises files of material which have titles on them indicating the subject coverage of the material within. Files contain news cuttings, correspondence, drafts, notes and publications. The original file titles can be distinguished from other information that has been added by Library staff by the absence of square brackets. Due to Lockwood's habit of filing a range of records together, material relevant to this series can be found throughout the collection and unrelated papers are also present in this series.
Subjects include: Australian companies and American interests; Communist Party of Australia; Lord Casey; and a draft by Lockwood, 'Eight columns of invaders'.
Includes ephemera relating to avoidance of/resistance to the Australian National Service draft.
Includes a publication by Rowan Cahill, Notes on the New Left in Australia (1969).
Includes a paper by Lockwood entitled 'Notes on American stockpiling for war, the American blockade attempts against People's China, the USSR and the People's Democracies, the American attacks on Australian and British economy and independence and the general crisis affecting Australian economy', which has been annotated 'Prepared for Communist Party of Australia propagandists 1951'.
This series contains material identified by the Library as research material, including papers inside files on which content description or titles have been written and loose papers on specific subjects. The papers include news cuttings, typed and handwritten notes, drafts, printed material, ephemera, correspondence and photographs. A significant amount of material relates to the history of Germans in Australia, a subject of family and local history interest to Lockwood. Due to Lockwood's habit of filing a range of material together, research material can be found throughout the collection, particularly in Series 8, Notebooks and notes, and Series 9, Subject files. Research material relating to Lockwood's books, Black armada, War on the waterfront and those he wrote for the Waterside Workers Federation, can be found in those series. However due to Lockwood's habit of filing a range of records together, material relevant to this series can be found throughout the collection and unrelated papers are also present in this series.
Includes: drafts of Black armada, 'Memoirs' and a Melbourne Waterfront history; and a book proposal from Lockwood to the Australasian Book Society for War on the waterfront.
Includes a paper by Rowan Cahill entitled 'Return of the Sea Devil: von Luckner in Australia 1938'.
Includes English language Soviet publications and the text of a lecture delivered by Sir Arthur Fadden at University of New England, 1972.
Includes original documents (1851) relating to the appointment by the Imperial Ministry of Foreign Affairs at St Petersbury, of Edmund Monson Paul as Russian Vice Consul in Sydney.
Includes: a proposal by Andrew Moore and Drew Cottle (as editors) for a book entitled 'Red devils, white knights: the Petrov Affair and Cold War anti-Communism in Australia'; an ABC program transcript of 'To Lockwood with love', part I; an article on Frank Hardy by Dulcie Mortier, 'But the living are many'; and a transcript of an interview of Lockwood by Steve Brook and Rosemary Taylor about Natimuk.
Includes a copy of an article written by Lockwood in 1939.
Includes: an issue of a newsletter 'The examiner', containing an article by B.A. Santamaria entitled 'Religious apostalate and political action' (1955); a letter addressed to 'Catholics of Australia' from Joseph Buturovich, Dean of St Louis Roman Catholic Church in Moscow (1953); and publication-ready photographs of Lockwood amongst unidentified groups of men, women and children.
Includes: an article about the first hundred years of the West Wimmera mail; an article about Communist Ted Hill; a number of articles written by Lockwood; a prose-poem by D.J. Lake, The portnoyad; and copies of news articles from the 1920s and 1940 about Waterside Workers Federation members.
Includes: notes by Lockwood and statements by others of their experiences with Hardy; and an 'Extended treatment for a Television documentary by Margaret Smith: The other Australian, a portrait of Rupert Lockwood'.
Includes news articles about Lockwood and family members and reviews of Lockwood's books.
Includes a photograph of IWW members charged with treason.
Includes a copy of Lord Mountbatten's letter about Black armada.
Subject of the material relates largely to the presence of the USA in the Pacific during World War II.
Many of the photographs in this series were used by Lockwood whilst editor of the Waterside Workers Federation journal, Maritime worker, and depict wharfside scenes, ships, machinery, marches, strikes, rallies, groups of WWF officials and members, branch members and events, and picnics and other recreational services provided by the WWF for its members. In addition there are photographs of Lockwood, many taken during his later years, and of him at book signings and other events. Family photographs, a signed photograph of boxer Jimmy Carruthers and souvenir photographs of Russia and China are also present. Due to Lockwood's habit of filing a range of records together, photographs can be found throughout the collection. Correspondence and other papers which were filed with the photographs are also present in this series.
Includes images of a memorial march in Innisfail (1928).
Includes images of: dockside industrial action relating to vessels Malaysia and Roma; strikes in Lithgow; an anti-Vietnam War rally in Sydney; and Bob Hawke marching with WWF officials.
Includes: images of Aboriginal leaders Mick Rangiari, Bobby Secretary and Bill Day of Darwin; and a short manuscript article by WWF Darwin Branch.
Includes images of: Bob Hawke with Lockwood; the unveiling of the Tom Edwards memorial; and a WWF Melbourne centenary event.
Includes photographs of Gough Whitlam at a press interview and Wally Galbraith.
Branches are Port Hedland, Port Augusta, Innisfail, Launceston, Darwin, Coffs Harbour, Cairns, Burnie/Strahan, Broome, Bowen, Beauty Point, Derby, Edithburg, Brisbane, Esperance, Grafton, Hobart and Fremantle. Other subjects include: the Melbourne WWF building; Federal Organiser Leo Lenane; WWF Credit Union; and portraits of employers.
Subjects include: portraits of Australian politicians, personalities and sport; picnics, ballet etc, football, bowling; branches in Port Kembla, Newcastle, Mackay, and Port Adelaide; [WWF] Federal Council; and N. Docker, Assistant General-Secretary.
Subjects include: Australian politicians, including Jim Cairns and Bob Hawke, fighters and other personalities; sport; Maurie Wellington; WWF Albany Branch; picnics; and Island seamen.
Includes: two 'Fretilin photos from Brian Manning'; shots of Bob Hawke, Bill Hayden and Neville Wran; two Searle family photographs; and images of Vietnam marches and other parades.
The inscription reads: 'To Jim Healy. From one fighter to another. Yours Jimmy Carruthers'.
Includes: portraits of Bull and images of him with John Healy, Bob Hawke, Fijian Dock Workers and others; colour family snapshots; postcards; protesters, rallies and meetings, including anti-Vietnam protests, policeman and arrests.
Includes: images of protesters, rallies and meetings, including anti-Vietnam protests, policemen and arrests.
Includes images of: meeting halls and other buildings, including housing; the first aid post; wharfie protests; workers at docks; the 1974 federal election; peace seminars; and Don Minogue speaking. There are also handwritten letters to the editor.
Includes: portraits, in which the only person identified is Dennis Marsden; lawn bowls teams; the Port of Melbourne team; Brisbane Women's team; Port of Newcastle team; Port of Sydney team; images from the International Transport Workers Federation, Asian Regional Dock Workers Seminar; and a fundraising/carnival day.
Includes images of: various social events; ships and dock workers; board meetings; construction sites; and Melbourne docklands.
Images include: colour harbour snapshots; wildlife; anti-Menzies demonstrations; docklands; store fronts; shipping containers; Jim Beggs and family; people with injuries; miners; warehouses; mining equipment; R.Cowles; Jack Haines boxing; and industrial clothing. Also includes news cuttings, magazine proofs and articles.
Images include: shipyards and shipping containers; Queenstown; Canberra; Jack Hassen; sheep and shearing; various public speakers; and Vietnam. There is also a postcard to Lockwood and other loose papers.
Images include: Fitzgibbon at meetings and conferences; demonstrations; public speakers; social events; various portraits; Tom Supple; J. Roper in Townsville; H. Teasel portrait.
Includes a souvenir photo set of waterside residences and postcards. Images include hunger strikes; meetings and social events; Gdansk, Poland; military equipment; protests; Vietnam; ballet classes; and rallies.
Images include: union meetings; portraits of Tom Healy and others; school groups; Bob Allen; protest posters; protests and sit-ins; Nauru village shots; social events; press conferences; and dock workers.
Images include: portraits of C.H. Fitzgibbon and Tas Bull; retirement parties, a retired members conference and a retired members parade; rallies and marches; John Healy; docklands; family photos; Max Ryan; social occasions; ships; and Harvey Black.
Includes images of: ships in dock and at sea; seals; industrial clothing; meat packing; a Brisbane Branch march; protests and rallies; picnics; dock workers; a Women for Peace march; Italian seamen's strike.
Images include: meetings; N. Docker and A.E. Bull; a retired members conference; Ronald Kreiger; Belorussia; an anti-nuclear rally; machinery; Gunnar Karlsson; bowls clubs; Ted Bull; dock workers; the International Transport Workers Federation; L. Symes; a family holiday; Jack Fegan; American protesters; and the 1969 Federal Council.
Images include portraits, including of Harry Bridges, and Ivan Kudj in Minsk. There are also newspaper cuttings and transparencies.
All sound recordings in the collection are in this series and all are on audiocassette. They include interviews of Lockwood, interviews of Lockwood's wife, Betty Searle, and recordings of a party in Lockwood's honour at the time of his retirement as Maritime worker editor, 1985.
Includes a recording of the proceedings at Rupert Lockwood's retirement party in 1985, and a number of interviews by Betty Searle (Lockwood) and Penny Lockwood of women Communist Party members.
This series comprises books, including Lockwood's books, Black armada and War on the waterfront, journals, newspapers, ephemera and publications containing articles by Lockwood. Due to Lockwood's habit of filing a range of records together, material relevant to this series can be found throughout the collection and unrelated papers are also present in this series.
Includes: a printed Waterside Workers Federation code book, used for official communications; an Outlook discussion pamphlet on 'Nationalisation ... road to socialism'; several Paton-Wilkie-Deamer Newspaper addresses; and a Communist Party of Australia 'Draft program towards socialism in Australia'.
Includes: a paper by Dr E.C. Fry, 'The Communist Party in Australian history'; and a Communist Party of Australia report of the Central Committee, delivered by L. Aarons.
Lockwood was in demand by researchers, as evidenced by the amount of correspondence he received from them (many to be found in Series 1, Correspondence). Amongst his papers are copies of theses sent by those he helped, as well as articles, memoirs, conference and seminar papers and speech texts collected by Lockwood in the course of his own research and professional activities. For written submissions sent to Lockwood when he edited Maritime worker, see Series 4, Waterside Workers Federation. Due to Lockwood's habit of filing a range of records together, material relevant to this series can be found throughout the collection and unrelated papers are also present in this series.
Includes: an article by Iranian Farhad Yawari on Iran (1979); and a speech by Justice Staples, 'The case for compensation for David Combe' (1984).