Guide to the Records of the New Zealand and Australian Land Company (as filmed by the AJCP)

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M1000 - M1092

National Library of Australia View Catalogue Record

Created: 2019

Collection Summary

Creator
New Zealand and Australian Land Company
Title
Records of New Zealand and Australian Land Company (as filmed by the AJCP)
Date Range
1862 - 1963
Collection Number
M1000 - M1092
Extent
404 items
Language of Materials
English
Repository
Australian Joint Copying Project
Sponsor
The Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP) online portal was created with the assistance of the Australian Public Service Modernisation Fund, 2017-2020. The National Library of Australia gratefully acknowledges the contribution of the other foundation AJCP partners, the State Library of New South Wales and The National Archives of the UK, and all other organisations which supported the work of the AJCP, the world's most extensive collaborative copying project, operating from 1948 to 1997.

Introduction

Scope and Contents

Minute-books, balance sheets and balance account records of the New Zealand and Otago Agricultural and Land Investment Association Ltd 1862-68, the Canterbury and Otago Association Ltd 1865-76, the New Zealand and Australian Land Co Ltd 1866-1962.

Letter-books 1864-1945 of the New Zealand and Australian Land Co. The letters are arranged in chronological order, with each volume prefaced by a nominal index. M1003 begins with the letter-book of Douglas Alderson & Co of Dunedin, New Zealand.

Outward Australian correspondence 1882-1912, arranged chronologically.

Outward New Zealand correspondence 1882-1912, arranged chronologically.

Letter-books containing outward colonial correspondence 1879-1939, arranged chronologically.

Australian and New Zealand correspondence 1939-45; foreign letter-book, Australia 1882-1934; foreign letter-book, New Zealand 1882-1924.

Letters inwards book 1932-62 giving name and address of sender, with a brief indication of the contents; letter-book of correspondence with HM Inspector of Taxes and Inland Revenue 1945.

David Murray correspondence 1881-84; 'Kawarau' letter-book 1884-89; private letter-book 1887-1907.

Colonial cablegrams 1888-1963, being copies of cables received and sent to both Australia and New Zealand. Many of the cables deal with financial arrangements, but the majority contain brief reports on rainfall and pastoral conditions; private reports by William S. Davidson, the General Manager, to the Directors concerning New Zealand and Australian properties, 1882 and 1886.

Balance sheets, reports and circulars 1865-1926.

Miscellaneous papers, including memoranda and articles of association.

Reports on estates 1909-30.

Taxation files 1926-47.

Land and wool sale files 1935-49.

M1088-1092:

Miscellaneous legal and financial documents, pamphlets, maps and plans.

Conditions Governing Access

Available for Access.

Conditions Governing Use

Many of the records digitised as part of the AJCP are still in copyright. Readers wishing to publish or reproduce documents should seek permission, in the first instance, from the owner of the original material.

Preferred Citation

Acknowledgement of use of this material should refer to the location of the original material and to the Australian Joint Copying Project.

Items from this collection should include references to the location of the original material and to the AJCP nla.obj number, which serves as the online identifier for the digital copy.

Example: M Series: Journal of Capt. James Cook, 18 February 1770, British Library Add. MS 27885 (AJCP ref: http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-1234)

Archival History

Filmed at the Scottish Record Office, Edinburgh, as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project, 1976 (AJCP Reel: M1000-M1092). Original microfilm digitised as part of the NLA AJCP Online Delivery Project, 2017-2020.

Existence and Location of Originals

Scottish Record Office. HM General Register House, Edinburgh, Scotland. Collection Reference GDI/553. Previous Collection Reference GDI/553. Current Collection reference:GD435. For further information see Scottish Record Office catalogue (http://catalogue.nrscotland.gov.uk/nrsonlinecatalogue/welcome.aspx).

Existence and Location of Copies

The original AJCP microfilm of the records filmed from this collection is available at the National Library of Australia [https://nla.gov.au/nla.cat-vn8049749] as well as other institutions holding AJCP microfilm.

Finding-aid Notes

This finding aid is a revised online version of the original finding aid prepared by the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP), published by the National Library of Australia in 2019. The original AJCP finding aids were unpublished typescripts or photocopies available from libraries that held copies of the original microfilm.

Dates used in this finding aid refer to the date range of the records selected for filming rather than to the date range of the Series or Files.

Subjects

Alderson, Douglas & Co; Australia; Business records; Canterbury and Otago Association Ltd; Canterbury, New Zealand; Davidson, William S.; Dunedin, New Zealand; Farms and Farming: Australia; Farms and Farming: New South Wales; Farms and Farming: New Zealand; Glasgow, Scotland; Investment in New Zealand; Kawarau, New Zealand; Land companies; Land: Australia; Land: New South Wales; Land: New Zealand; Land: Queensland; Land: Western Australia; Maps, plans and charts; Meat industry and trade; Murray, David; New South Wales: economic conditions; New Zealand; New Zealand and Australian Land Co; New Zealand and Otago Agricultural and Land Investment Association Ltd; Otago, New Zealand; Queensland: pastoral industry; Western Australia; Wool and woolgrowing: Australia; Wool and woolgrowing: New Zealand

Bibliography

Originally cited in Australian Joint Copying Project Handbook. Part 8: Miscellaneous (M) Series. Third Edition, published 1998. Entry 344, pp131-132.

Biographical / Historical

General Managers of the New Zealand and Australian Land Company
DateEvent
1877-1878 James Morton
1878-1924 William S. Davidson (joint manager 1916-24)
1916-1928 William Bonnar (joint manager 1916-24)
1928-1936 Samuel McCall-McCowan
1936-1946 T. Dangerfield

Between 1859 and 1877 the landed interests in New Zealand of 17 individuals, companies and associations, all based in Scotland, were brought together to form the Australian and New Zealand Land Company. In 1865 the Canterbury and Otago Association was formed, with the Glasgow financier James Morton as the general manager. It took over three large properties which had been selected by Mathew Holmes, an Otago merchant. In 1869 it absorbed the holdings of another pastoral company, the New Zealand and Otago Agricultural and Land Investment Association, bringing its total acreage to almost 500,000 acres. Three years earlier, the New Zealand and Australian Land Company had been formed in Glasgow, taking over estates in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Otago and Southland. Its holdings amounted to 186,000 acres of freehold, mostly in New Zealand, and 1.2 million acres of leasehold, mostly in Australia. The Company was also managed by James Morton and in 1875 he proposed that the two companies be amalgamated. In 1877 a new company was formed by a private Act of Parliament, taking over the interests of the two older companies. It had a capital of £2.5 million. The head office was initially at Glasgow, but moved to Edinburgh in 1879. Morton was briefly general manager of the new company, but in 1878 he stood aside in favour of William Soltau Davidson.

Davidson had migrated to New Zealand in 1865 and had been employed by the Canterbury and Otago Association, first as a shepherd and ultimately as inspector of estates. He remained the general manager of the New Zealand and Australian Land Company until shortly before his death in 1924. He and his New Zealand superintendent, Thomas Brydone, played a leading part in the establishment of the frozen meat trade in the 1880s. From the beginning, Davidson believed that Australia was more suitable than New Zealand for large scale pastoralism and his plan was to release capital from freeholds in New Zealand and re-invest in leaseholds in Australia. The withdrawal from New Zealand began in the last years of the nineteenth century and by 1910 the Company retained only two estates in the South Island. Between 1880 and 1914 its sheep flocks in Australia rose from 257,000 to 1.6 million and its cattle herds rose from 1100 to 100,400. It owned or leased over 50 stations in New South Wales and Queensland and in this period it began to acquire estates in Western Australia as well. It opened an office in Sydney in 1908, while its office in Dunedin was closed in 1917.

Under Davidson's successors, the Company continued to be the largest woolgrower in Australia. After World War II, it lost some of its largest properties when they were taken over for soldier settlement, but during the 1950s wool boom it purchased several new stations. By the early 1960s resumptions and rationalisations had reduced the number of properties to 22, extending from Charleville in Queensland to Yathroo in Western Australia. In 1968 the Company was taken over by Dalgety and New Zealand Loan Ltd., which in the next ten years proceeded to sell off all the stations.

Item Descriptions

Series. Minute Books, March 1862 - April 1962

Minutes of meetings of directors of New Zealand and Otago Agricultural and Land Investment Association, March 1862 - August 1868 (File [1])

Minutes of meetings of directors of Canterbury and Otago Association, May 1865 - October 1877 (File [2])

Minutes of general meetings of Canterbury and Otago Association, November 1865 - June 1877 (File [3])

Minutes of meetings of directors of Canterbury and Otago Association, December 1866 - April 1876 (File [4])

Minutes of meetings of directors of Canterbury and Otago Association, May 1876 - October 1877 (File [5])

Minutes of meetings of directors of New Zealand and Australian Land Company, March 1866 - January 1867 (File [6])

Minutes of meetings of directors of New Zealand and Australian Land Company, March 1866 - October 1877 (File [7])

Agenda book of meetings of directors of New Zealand and Australian Land Company, with notes by the chairman, December 1866 - November 1873 (File [8])

Agenda book of meetings of directors of New Zealand and Australian Land Company, with notes by the chairman, November 1873 - October 1877 (File [9])

Minutes of general meetings of New Zealand and Australian Land Company, March 1867 - June 1877 (File [10])

Minutes of meetings of directors of New Zealand and Australian Land Company, November 1877 - November 1886 (File [11])

Minutes of meetings of directors of New Zealand and Australian Land Company, December 1886 - May 1900 (File [12])

Minutes of meetings of directors of New Zealand and Australian Land Company, June 1900 - July 1910 (File [13])

Minutes of meetings of directors of New Zealand and Australian Land Company, August 1910 - September 1921 (File [14])

Minutes of meetings of directors of New Zealand and Australian Land Company, October 1921 - April 1934 (File [15])

Minutes of meetings of directors of New Zealand and Australian Land Company, May 1934 - October 1941 (File [16])

Minutes of meetings of directors of New Zealand and Australian Land Company, November 1945 - March 1955 (File [17])

Private minute book of meetings of directors of New Zealand and Australian Land Company, May 1910 - April 1962 (File [18])

Series. Balance Sheets, March 1868 - March 1877

Balance sheets of Canterbury and Otago Association, March 1870 - March 1876 (File)

Balance Sheet, March 1870 (Item [62])
Balance Sheet, March 1871 (Item [63])
Balance Sheet, March 1872 (Item [64])
Balance Sheet, March 1873 (Item [65])
Balance Sheet, March 1874 (Item [66])
Balance Sheet, March 1875 (Item [67])
Balance Sheet, March 1876 (Item [68])

Balance accounts of New Zealand and Australian Land Company, March 1868 - March 1877 (File)

Balance account, March 1868 (Item [69])
Balance account, March 1869 (Item [70])
Balance account, March 1870 (Item [71])
Balance account, March 1871 (Item [72])
Balance account, March 1872 (Item [73])
Balance account, March 1873 (Item [74])
Balance account, March 1874 (Item [75])
Balance account, March 1875 (Item [76])
Balance account, March 1876 (Item [77])
Balance account, March 1877 (Item [78])

Series. Letterbooks of the New Zealand and Australian Land Company, 1863 - September 1963

The letter books, general letter books, outward Australian correspondence and outward New Zealand correspondence all contain indexes.

Subseries. Letter books, 1863 - 1882

Letter book of Douglas Alderson & Co. (Dunedin) (January. 1864 – November 1866), 1863 - 1866 (File [278])

Includes copies of letters received by Alderson & Co., 1863-1866.

General letter book of New Zealand and Australian Land Co, April 1882 - October 1882 (File [279])

Subseries. Letter books, October 1867 - October 1877

The letter books contain copies of letters written by James Morton, the first general manager of the New Zealand and Australian Land Company. Australian and New Zealand recipients include Thomas Brydone (Dunedin), Archibald Buchanan (Chinchilla, Queensland), John Douglas (Dunedin), Bank of New South Wales (London), Bank of Otago (London), Douglas, Alderson & Co. (Dunedin), Holmes, White & Co. (Melbourne), B.D. Morehead & Co. (Brisbane), G.G. Russell & Co. (Dunedin) and Russell, Ritchie & Co. (Dunedin).

Index to letter book, October 1867 - July 1868 (File [280])
Letter book, October 1867 - July 1868 (File [280])
Letter book, July 1868 - December 1869 (File [281])
Letter book, December 1869 - May 1871 (File [282])
Letter book, May 1871 - January 1873 (File [283])
Letter book, October 1873 - April 1875 (File [284])
Letter book, April 1875 - July 1876 (File [285])
Letter book, July 1876 - October 1877 (File [286])

Subseries. General letter books, October 1877 - July 1945

The letter books mostly contain copies of letters sent to individuals, companies and government agencies in Britain, but there are occasional letters to individuals and companies in Australia and New Zealand. The letters were mostly written by the Company's secretaries (James Ellis, William Bonnar, J. Norman Bonnar, T. Dangerfield and Eric Burnet), but there are as well letters from the general managers and the colonial inspector. The legibility of the early letter books is variable.

General letter book, October 1877 - August 1878 (File [287])
General letter book, September 1878 - March 1879 (File [288])
General letter book, March 1879 - October 1879 (File [289])
General letter book, October 1879 - March 1880 (File [290])
General letter book, March 1880 - July 1880 (File [291])
General letter book, July 1880 - February 1881 (File [292])
General letter book, February 1881 - August 1881 (File [293])
General letter book, August 1881 - April 1882 (File [294])
General letter book, October 1882 - March 1883 (File [295])
General letter book, March 1883 - August 1883 (File [296])
General letter book, September 1883 - February 1884 (File [297])
General letter book, February 1884 - September 1884 (File [298])
General letter book, September 1884 - February 1885 (File [299])
General letter book, February 1885 - July 1885 (File [300])
General letter book, July 1885 - February 1886 (File [301])
General letter book, February 1886 - May 1886 (File [302])
General letter book, May 1886 - November 1886 (File [303])
General letter book, November 1886 - March 1887 (File [304])
General letter book, March 1887 - July 1887 (File [305])
General letter book, July 1887 - January 1888 (File [306])
General letter book, January 1888 - May 1888 (File [307])
General letter book, May 1888 - November 1888 (File [308])
General letter book, November 1888 - April 1889 (File [309])
General letter book, April 1889 - September 1889 (File [310])
General letter book, September 1889 - February 1890 (File [311])
General letter book, February 1890 - June 1890 (File [312])
General letter book, June 1890 - November 1890 (File [313])
General letter book, November 1890 - April 1891 (File [314])
General letter book, April 1891 - January 1892 (File [315])
General letter book, January 1892 - October 1892 (File [316])
General letter book, October 1892 - July 1893 (File [317])
General letter book, July 1893 - March 1894 (File [318])
General letter book, March 1894 - November 1894 (File [319])
General letter book, November 1894 - June 1895 (File [320])
General letter book, June 1895 - February 1896 (File [321])
General letter book, March 1896 - October 1896 (File [322])
General letter book, October 1896 - July 1897 (File [323])
General letter book, July 1897 - March 1898 (File [324])
General letter book, March 1898 - January 1899 (File [325])
General letter book, January 1899 - October 1899 (File [326])
General letter book, October 1899 - June 1900 (File [327])
General letter book, July 1900 - July 1901 (File [328])
General letter book, July 1901 - May 1902 (File [329])
General letter book, May 1902 - April 1903 (File [330])
General letter book, April 1903 - February 1904 (File [331])
General letter book, February 1904 - December 1904 (File [332])
General letter book, December 1904 - September 1905 (File [333])
General letter book, September 1905 - June 1906 (File [334])
General letter book, June 1906 - March 1907 (File [335])
General letter book, March 1907 - January 1908 (File [336])
General letter book, January 1908 - October 1908 (File [337])
General letter book, October 1908 - May 1909 (File [338])
General letter book, May 1909 - February 1910 (File [339])
General letter book, February 1910 - October 1910 (File [340])
General letter book, October 1910 - February 1911 (File [341])
General letter book, February 1911 - October 1911 (File [342])
General letter book, October 1911 - March 1912 (File [343])
General letter book, March 1912 - November 1912 (File [344])
General letter book, November 1912 - July 1913 (File [345])
General letter book, July 1913 - January 1914 (File [346])
General letter book, January 1914 - September 1914 (File [347])
General letter book, September 1914 - March 1915 (File [348])
General letter book, March 1915 - September 1915 (File [349])
General letter book, September 1915 - January 1916 (File [350])
General letter book, January 1916 - July 1916 (File [351])
General letter book, July 1916 - January 1917 (File [352])
General letter book, January 1917 - December 1917 (File [353])
General letter book, January 1918 - July 1919 (File [354])
General letter book, July 1919 - November 1920 (File [355])
General letter book, November 1920 - May 1921 (File [356])
General letter book, May 1921 - January 1922 (File [357])
General letter book, January 1922 - September 1922 (File [358])
General letter book, September 1922 - February 1923 (File [359])
General letter book, February 1923 - October 1923 (File [360])
General letter book, October 1923 - February 1924 (File [361])
General letter book, February 1924 - October 1924 (File [362])
General letter book, October 1924 - February 1925 (File [363])
General letter book, February 1925 - August 1925 (File [364])
General letter book, August 1925 - January 1926 (File [365])
General letter book, January 1926 - June 1926 (File [366])
General letter book, June 1926 - December 1926 (File [367])
General letter book, December 1926 - May 1927 (File [368])
General letter book, May 1927 - December 1927 (File [369])
General letter book, December 1927 - June 1928 (File [370])
General letter book, June 1928 - December 1928 (File [371])
General letter book, December 1928 - September 1929 (File [372])
General letter book, September 1929 - January 1930 (File [373])
General letter book, January 1930 - October 1930 (File [374])
General letter book, October 1930 - March 1931 (File [375])
General letter book, March 1931 - November 1931 (File [376])
General letter book, November 1931 - August 1932 (File [377])
General letter book, August 1932 - January 1933 (File [378])
General letter book, January 1933 - October 1933 (File [379])
General letter book, October 1933 - April 1934 (File [380])
General letter book, April 1934 - November 1934 (File [381])
General letter book, November 1934 - July 1935 (File [382])
General letter book, July 1935 - January 1936 (File [383])
General letter book, January 1936 - October 1936 (File [384])
General letter book, October 1936 - April 1937 (File [385])
General letter book, April 1937 - November 1937 (File [386])
General letter book, November 1937 - August 1938 (File [387])
General letter book, August 1938 - June 1939 (File [388])
General letter book, June 1939 - August 1942 (File [389])
General letter book, August 1942 - July 1945 (File [390])

Subseries. Outward Australian correspondence, May 1882 - March 1912

The great bulk of the letters were written by the general manager, W.S. Davidson, and the secretary, James Ellis and William Bonnar (who succeeded Ellis in 1886). The recipients were White, Alford & Co. (Melbourne), Dennys, Lascelles, Austin & Co. (Melbourne) and, from 1908 onwards, the New Zealand and Australian Land Company (Sydney). Occasionally, letters were addressed to individuals.

Outward Australian correspondence, May 1882 - March 1883 (File [391])
Outward Australian correspondence, April 1883 - March 1884 (File [392])
Outward Australian correspondence, April 1884 - November 1885 (File [393])
Outward Australian correspondence, April 1884 - March 1885 (File [394])
Outward Australian correspondence, April 1886 - March 1887 (File [395])
Outward Australian correspondence, April 1887 - March 1888 (File [396])
Outward Australian correspondence, April 1888 - March 1889 (File [397])
Outward Australian correspondence, April 1889 - March 1890 (File [398])
Outward Australian correspondence, April 1890 - March 1891 (File [399])
Outward Australian correspondence, April 1891 - March 1892 (File [400])
Outward Australian correspondence, April 1892 - March 1893 (File [401])
Outward Australian correspondence, April 1893 - March 1894 (File [402])
Outward Australian correspondence, April 1894 - March 1895 (File [403])
Outward Australian correspondence, April 1895 - March 1896 (File [404])
Outward Australian correspondence, April 1896 - March 1897 (File [405])
Outward Australian correspondence, April 1897 - March 1898 (File [406])
Outward Australian correspondence, April 1898 - March 1899 (File [407])
Outward Australian correspondence, April 1899 - March 1900 (File [408])
Outward Australian correspondence, April 1900 - March 1901 (File [409])
Outward Australian correspondence, April 1901 - March 1902 (File [410])
Outward Australian correspondence, April 1902 - March 1903 (File [411])
Outward Australian correspondence, April 1903 - March 1904 (File [412])
Outward Australian correspondence, April 1904 - March 1905 (File [413])
Outward Australian correspondence, April 1905 - March 1906 (File [414])
Outward Australian correspondence, April 1906 - March 1907 (File [415])
Outward Australian correspondence, April 1907 - March 1908 (File [416])
Outward Australian correspondence, April 1908 - March 1909 (File [417])
Outward Australian correspondence, April 1909 - March 1910 (File [418])
Outward Australian correspondence, April 1910 - March 1911 (File [419])
Outward Australian correspondence, April 1911 - March 1912 (File [420])

Subseries. Outward New Zealand correspondence, May 1882 - March 1912

The great bulk of the letters were written by the general manager, W.S. Davidson, and the secretary, James Ellis and his successor William Bonnar. They were sent to the Dunedin office of the New Zealand and Australian Land Company. Occasionally letters were addressed to individuals, such as John Angus.

Outward New Zealand correspondence, May 1882 - March 1883 (File [421])
Outward New Zealand correspondence, April 1883 - March 1884 (File [422])
Outward New Zealand correspondence, April 1884 - March 1885 (File [423])
Outward New Zealand correspondence, April 1885 - October 1885 (File [424])
Outward New Zealand correspondence, April 1886 - March 1887 (File [425])
Outward New Zealand correspondence, April 1887 - March 1888 (File [426])
Outward New Zealand correspondence, April 1888 - March 1889 (File [427])
Outward New Zealand correspondence, April 1889 - March 1890 (File [428])
Outward New Zealand correspondence, April 1890 - March 1891 (File [429])
Outward New Zealand correspondence, April 1891 - March 1892 (File [430])
Outward New Zealand correspondence, April 1892 - March 1893 (File [431])
Outward New Zealand correspondence, April 1893 - March 1894 (File [432])
Outward New Zealand correspondence, April 1894 - March 1895 (File [433])
Outward New Zealand correspondence, April 1895 - March 1896 (File [434])
Outward New Zealand correspondence, April 1896 - March 1897 (File [435])
Outward New Zealand correspondence, April 1897 - March 1898 (File [436])
Outward New Zealand correspondence, April 1898 - March 1899 (File [437])
Outward New Zealand correspondence, April 1899 - March 1900 (File [438])
Outward New Zealand correspondence, April 1900 - March 1901 (File [439])
Outward New Zealand correspondence, April 1901 - March 1902 (File [440])
Outward New Zealand correspondence, April 1902 - March 1903 (File [441])
Outward New Zealand correspondence, April 1903 - March 1904 (File [442])
Outward New Zealand correspondence, April 1904 - March 1905 (File [443])
Outward New Zealand correspondence, April 1905 - March 1906 (File [444])
Outward New Zealand correspondence, April 1906 - March 1907 (File [445])
Outward New Zealand correspondence, April 1907 - March 1908 (File [446])
Outward New Zealand correspondence, April 1908 - April 1909 (File [447])
Outward New Zealand correspondence, April 1909 - March 1910 (File [448])
Outward New Zealand correspondence, April 1910 - March 1911 (File [449])
Outward New Zealand correspondence, April 1911 - March 1912 (File [450])

Subseries. Outward colonial correspondence, April 1879 - April 1939

The 1879-80 letters were written by W.S. Davidson and James Ellis and were sent to the Dunedin office of the New Zealand and Australian Land Company and its Australian agent, Alford & Co. in Melbourne. The 1912-39 letters written by the general managers (W.S. Davidson, William Bonnar, Samuel McCall-McCowan and T. Dangerfield), the secretaries (William Bonnar, J. Norman Bonnar and Eric Burnet) and the colonial inspector (J.C. Thierens). The letters were sent to the Sydney office of the New Zealand and Australian Land Company, the Dunedin office of the Company and, from 1917 onwards, the National Mortgage and Agency Company in Dunedin. The letters were often addressed to particular individuals, such as Samuel McCall-McCowan and R.C. Botterill in Sydney, R.H. Botterill in Perth, and John Angus in Dunedin.

Outward colonial correspondence, April 1879 - March 1880 (File [451])
Outward colonial correspondence, April 1912 - December 1913 (File [452])
Outward colonial correspondence, December 1913 - September 1915 (File [453])
Outward colonial correspondence, September 1915 - June 1917 (File [454])
Outward colonial correspondence, June 1917 - April 1920 (File [455])
Outward colonial correspondence, April 1920 - November 1922 (File [456])
Outward colonial correspondence, March 1926 - November 1929 (File [457])
Outward colonial correspondence, November 1929 - November 1933 (File [458])
Outward colonial correspondence, November 1933 - November 1936 (File [459])
Outward colonial correspondence, November 1936 - April 1939 (File [460])

Subseries. Outward Australian and New Zealand correspondence, April 1939 - June 1945

Outward Australian correspondence, April 1939 - December 1944 (File [461])
Outward Australian correspondence, December 1944 - June 1945 (File [462])
Outward New Zealand correspondence, April 1939 - May 1945 (File [463])

Subseries. Foreign letter books, Australia and New Zealand, March 1882 - May 1934

The letter books contain copies of letters from W.S. Davidson and William Bonnar, the general manager and secretary of the Company, to the Company offices in Sydney and Dunedin and to individuals and companies in Australia and New Zealand. The Australian recipients include J.C. Alford (Melbourne), James Ashton (Sydney), R.C. Botterill (Sydney), Dennys, Lascelles, Austin & Co. (Melbourne), John Leahy (Brisbane), Samuel McCall-McCowan (Sydney), Donald McLarty (Jerilderie) and B.D. Morehead & Co. (Melbourne). The New Zealand recipients include Thomas Brydone (Dunedin), Canterbury Frozen Meat Export Co. (Christchurch), James Drysdale, Robert Jackson, National Mortgage and Agency Co. (Christchurch) and South Canterbury Refridgerating Co. (Timeru).

Foreign letter book Australia, March 1882 - March 1915 (File [464])
Foreign letter book Australia, March 1915 - May 1934 (File [465])
Foreign letter book New Zealand, March 1882 - March 1906 (File [466])
Foreign letter book New Zealand, September 1907 - November 1924 (File [467])

Subseries. Inwards letters registers, August 1932 - July 1962

The registers, known as letters inwards books, give the registered number and date of each letter, the name and address of the sender, and a brief note on the contents.

Letters inwards register, August 1932 - July 1936 (File [468])
Letters inwards register, July 1936 - November 1939 (File [469])
Letters inwards register, November 1939 - March 1946 (File [470])
Letters inwards register, March 1946 - September 1951 (File [471])
Letters inwards register, September 1951 - September 1957 (File [472])
Letters inwards register, September 1957 - July 1962 (File [473])
Letter book of correspondence with H.M. Inspector of Taxes and Inland Revenue, April 1945 - September 1945 (File [474])

Subseries. New Zealand and Australian correspondence, September 1882 - October 1907

The three letter books contain copies of correspondence between the general manager and secretary of the company and employees and agents in New Zealand and Australia. The correspondents include William Davidson (Edinburgh), James Ellis (Edinburgh), John Angus (Dunedin), Thomas Brydone (Dunedin), W. Cunningham Smith (Dunedin), R.A. Hopkins (Wellshot, Queensland), John Lindsay, J.M. Ritchie, and White, Alford & Co. (Melbourne).

New Zealand and Australian correspondence, September 1882 - November 1882 (File [475])
New Zealand and Australian correspondence, November 1882 - August 1883 (File [476])
New Zealand and Australian correspondence, September 1883 - April 1884 (File [477])
Kawarau letter book, June 1884 - November 1888 (File [478])

Kawarau was a property in Otago owned by the New Zealand and Australian Land Company. Most of the letters are from James Melvin of the Boroughloch Brewery in Edinburgh to Thomas Brydone and the National Mortgage and Agency Company of New Zealand in Dunedin.

Private letter book, June 1887 - October 1907 (File [479])

Copies of private letters written by W.S. Davidson and William Bonnar, the general manager and secretary of the Company. The recipients include Robert Stewart, the chairman of the company, J.C. Alford (Melbourne), Thomas Brydone (Dunedin), F.J. Croaker (Quirindi, NSW), George Drysdale (Melbourne), Dennys, Lascelles, Austin & Co. (Melbourne), R.A. Hopkins (Wellshot, Queensland), David Murray (Glasgow) and J.M. Ritchie (Dunedin).

Subseries. Colonial cablegrams, April 1888 - September 1963

Copies of cables received from or despatches to New Zealand and Australia.

Colonial cablegrams, April 1888 - March 1900 (File [480])
Colonial cablegrams, March 1903 - January 1910 (File [481])
Colonial cablegrams, March 1910 - July 1915 (File [482])
Colonial cablegrams, July 1915 - March 1921 (File [483])
Colonial cablegrams, April 1921 - February 1927 (File [484])
Colonial cablegrams, February 1927 - July 1933 (File [485])
Colonial cablegrams, July 1933 - February 1940 (File [486])
Colonial cablegrams, March 1940 - September 1963 (File [487])

Subseries. Reports and balance sheets, 1867 - 1926

Private report by the general manager, W.S. Davidson, to the directors of the Company (198ff), March 1882 (File [488])
Private report by the general manager, W.S. Davidson, to the directors of the Company, 1886-10, 1887-04 (File [489])

Includes a supplementary report on reduction of capital. Main report 141ff and supplementary report 21 ff.

Report by the general manager, W.S. Davidson, to the directors of the Company (71ff), January 1890 (File [490])
Report by the general manager, W.S. Davidson, on the Company's estates in New Zealand, January 1896 - March 1896 (File [491])

Report covers the estates Clydevale, Edendale, Hakateremea, Kawarau, The Levels, Moeraki and Pareora.

Printed reports of the annual general meetings of the New Zealand and Australian Land Company, 1877 - 1909 (File [492])
Printed balance sheets and reports by the directors, 1867 - 1883 (File [493])
Printed balance sheets and reports by the directors, 1884 - 1889 (File [494])
Printed balance sheets and reports by the directors, 1890 - 1907 (File [495])
Printed balance sheets and reports by the directors, 1908 - 1915 (File [496])
Printed balance sheets and reports by the directors, 1916 - 1926 (File [496A])
Printed balance sheets and reports by the directors and other printed papers, 1877 - 1883 (File [497])
Printed balance sheets and reports by the directors and other printed papers, 1884 - 1909 (File [498])

Series. Miscellaneous papers, 1865 - 1946

Canterbury and Otago Association. Circulars sent to members, 1865 - 1877 (File [499])

New Zealand and Australian Land Company. Circulars sent to members, 1866 - 1877 (File [500])

New Zealand and Australian Land Company. Circulars sent to members, 1877 - 1883 (File [501])

New Zealand and Australian Land Company. Circulars sent to members, 1884 - 1913 (File [502])

Valuations book, with values of New Zealand properties, 1867 - 1870 (File [503])

Valuations book, with values of New Zealand properties (68ff), 1889 (File [504])

Land sales register, with sales of New Zealand properties, 1879 - 1913 (File [505])

Newspaper cutting book, with cuttings from British, Australian and New Zealand papers (100ff), 1906 - 1909 (File [506])

Newspaper cutting book, with cuttings from British and Australian papers (300ff), 1933 - 1946 (File [507])

Volume containing miscellaneous papers relating to the New Zealand and Australian Land Company and the Canterbury and Otago Association, 1882 - 1886 (File [508])

Includes railway rates for wheat and oats, statistics of frozen meat exports by the company, notes of shareholders, lists of mortgage debentures.

Report of Hogg Lindley (Lloyds), average adjustor, concerning loss of SS Minderoo off Port Hedland, Western Australia, September 1935 - 30 December 1936 (File [509])

Private report by William Drysdale to directors of the company on its properties in Australia and New Zealand (25pp.), 31 October 1883 (File [510])

Notes on the New Zealand properties of the Company by Thomas Bydone (typescript, 12pp.), November 1889 (File [511])

New Zealand and Australian Land Company. Memorandum in reference to the real estate of the Company and its purchases and sales of land, 1888 (File [512])

Report of the trial before the High Court of Justiciary, Her Majesty's Advocate against the directors and the manager of the City of Glasgow Bank, 1879 (File 513)

Report written by Charles Tennant. William Morton, the general manager of the New Zealand and Australian Land Company, and two of its directors were implicated in the collapse of the Bank in 1878 (476ff).

Agreement between the New Zealand and Australian Land Company, the liquidators of the City of Glasgow Bank, and John Young, June 1879, the 1882 City of Glasgow Bank (Liquidation) Act, and memorandum and articles of association of the Assets Company Ltd, 22 May 1882 (File [514])

New South Wales Supreme Court. Joint print of documents, Shaw and another against Assets Company Ltd. and another (199pp.), 1885 (File [515])

Canterbury and Otago Association Ltd. Resolutions, reports and valuations, 1865 - 1877 (File [516])

Contains memorandum and articles of association, 28 April 1865, with signatures of subscribers. (3 copies) The second and third copies contain special resolutions, inventories of valuations, reports to shareholders, reports of committees.

New Zealand and Australian Land Company. Prospectus, memorandum and articles of association, reports and resolutions (61ff), 1866 - 1872 (File [517])

New Zealand and Australian Land Company. Prospectus, memorandum and articles of association, report and resolutions (126pp.), 1866 - 1877 (File [518])

Printed documents relating to the amalgamation of the New Zealand and Australian Land Company and the Canterbury and Otago Association (295pp.), 1876 - 1877 (File [519])

Documents concerning the rearrangement of capital (481pp.), 1888 (File [520])

William Wilson's Reports on Queensland estates, April 1925 - October 1925 (File [540])

William Wilson's Reports on Queensland estates, April 1926 - March 1927 (File [541])

William Wilson's Reports on Queensland estates, July 1927 - October 1927 (File [542])

William Wilson's Reports on Queensland estates, May 1928 - December 1928 (File [543])

William Wilson's Reports on Queensland estates, April 1929 - November 1929 (File [544])

Reports by R.H. Botterill and others on Western Australian estates, July 1909 - December 1909 (File [545])

Reports by R.C. Botterill on New South Wales and Western Australian estates, February 1924 - March 1925 (File [546])

Reports by R.C. Botterill on New South Wales and Western Australian estates, April 1925 - March 1926 (File [547])

Reports by R.C. Botterill on New South Wales and Western Australian estates, May 1926 - March 1927 (File [548])

Reports by R.H. Croaker on New South Wales estates, August 1929 - January 1930 (File [549])

Series. Files on taxation, land sales, station realisations and clearing sales, 1926 - 1949

Australian double and treble taxation (87pp.), 1926 - 1947 (File [550])

Tax papers (26pp.), 1934 - 1938 (File [551])

Dominion income tax relief (87pp.), 1934 - 1944 (File [552])

Dominion income tax relief (92pp.), 1936 - 1941 (File [553])

Dominion income tax relief (52pp.), 1943 - 1947 (File [554])

United Kingdom income tax (119pp.), 1936 - 1943 (File [555])

United Kingdom taxation (81pp.), 1937 - 1940 (File [556])

United Kingdom income tax (84pp.), 1941 - 1945 (File [557])

Land sales: Walhallow, Orandunbie, Wingadee (72pp.), 1935 - 1946 (File [558])

Land and station sales: Edgeroi, Walhallow, Wingadee, Gragin, Orandunbie, Bobundara (140pp.), 1936 - 1947 (File [559])

Station realisations (33pp.), 1945 - 1947 (File [560])

Station realisations (49pp.), 1945 - 1948 (File [561])

Station realisations (9pp.), 1945 - 1949 (File [562])

Land sales (blocks) (11pp.), 1945 - 1949 (File [563])

Clearing sale account sales: Bobundara, Gragin, Orandunbie, Moeraki (49pp.), 1946 - 1947 (File [564])

Clearing sale account sales: Edgeroi (26pp.), 1947 (File [565])

Series. Files on wool account sales, 1936 - 1948

1936-1937 Wool clip: Australia and New Zealand (111pp.) (File [566])

1937-1938 wool clip: Australia and New Zealand (100pp.) (File [567])

1938-1939 wool clip: Australia and New Zealand (110pp.) (File [568])

1939-1940 wool clip: wool appraised in New Zealand (30pp.) (File [569])

1939-1940 wool clip: wool to be appraised in Australia (18pp.) (File [570])

1939-1940 wool clip: wool appraised in Australia (288pp.) (File [571])

1939-1940 wool clip: wool appraised in Australia (51pp.) (File [572])

1939-1940 wool clip: Australia and New Zealand (60pp.) (File [573])

1939-1940 wool clip: Australia and New Zealand (37pp.) (File [574])

1940-1941 wool clip: wool appraised in New Zealand (26pp.) (File [575])

1940-1941 wool clip: wool to be appraised in Australia (49pp.) (File [576])

1940-1941 wool clip: wool appraised in Australia (46pp.) (File [577])

1940-1941 wool clip: wool appraised in Australia (318pp.) (File [578])

1940-1941 wool clip: wool appraised in Australia (363pp.) (File [579])

1941-1942 wool clip: wool appraised in New Zealand (23pp.) (File [580])

1941-1942 wool clip: wool to be appraised in Australia (36pp.) (File [581])

1941-1942 wool clip: wool appraised in Australia (29pp.) (File [582])

1941-1942 wool clip: wool appraised in Australia (591pp.) (File [583])

1942-1943 wool clip: wool appraised in New Zealand (18pp.) (File [584])

1942-1943 wool clip: wool to be appraised in Australia (28pp.) (File [585])

1942-1943 wool clip: wool appraised in Australia (602pp.) (File [586])

1942-1943 wool clip: wool appraised in Australia (29pp.) (File [587])

1943-1944 wool clip: wool appraised in New Zealand (25pp.) (File [588])

1943-1944 wool clip: wool to be appraised in Australia (22pp.) (File [589])

1943-1944 wool clip: wool appraised in Australia (284pp.) (File [590])

1943-1944 wool clip: wool appraised in Australia (17pp.) (File [591])

1944-1945 wool clip: wool appraised in New Zealand (21pp.) (File [592])

1944-1945 wool clip: wool to be appraised in Australia (20pp.) (File [593])

1944-1945 wool clip: wool appraised in Australia (257pp.) (File [594])

1944-1945 wool clip: wool appraised in Australia (23pp.) (File [595])

1945-1946 wool clip: wool appraised in New Zealand (23pp.) (File [596])

1945-1946 wool clip: wool to be appraised in Australia (21pp.) (File [597])

1945-1946 wool clip: wool appraised in Australia (236pp.) (File [598])

1945-1946 wool clip: wool appraised in Australia (26pp.) (File [599])

1946-1947 wool clip: wool sold in New Zealand (12pp.) (File [600])

1946-1947 wool clip: wool appraised in Australia (29pp.) (File [601])

1946-1947 wool clip: wool appraised in Australia (54pp.) (File [602])

1946-1947 wool clip: wool to be sold in Australia (14pp.) (File [603])

1946-1947 wool clip: wool sold in Australia (202pp.) (File [604])

1947-1948 wool clip: wool sold in New Zealand (12pp.) (File [605])

1947-1948 wool clip: wool to be sold in Australia (16pp.) (File [606])

1947-1948 wool clip: wool sold in Australia (190pp.) (File [607])

1947-1948 wool clip: wool sold in Australia (21pp.) (File [608])

Series. Miscellaneous papers, 1866 - 1957

Miscellaneous legal documents, 1866 - 1919 (File [609])

Includes contract of sale between Glasgow Association and New Zealand and Australian Land Company (1866), New Zealand and Australian Land Company Limited Act (1877), Memorandum and articles of association of New Zealand and Australian Land Company (1877), special resolutions of New Zealand and Australian Land Company (1879-1919), New Zealand and Australian Land Company Act (1888) and cases and opinions of counsel (1887-1919).

Miscellaneous financial papers, 1872 - 1932 (File [610])

Includes statement showing distribution of stock amongst proprietors at date of formation (1877), reports to shareholders, a memorandum with regard to debenture stocks (1905), and a bank book with the Bank of Scotland (1930-32).

Miscellaneous documents relating to the Company's properties, 1867 - 1909 (File [611])

Report on properties in New Zealand and Australia by James Melvin (printed 17pp.), 19 June 1887 (Item [661/1])
Private report on the estates belonging to the New Zealand and Australian Land Company by W.S. Davidson (printed 127pp.), November 1878 (Item [611/2])
Report on the estates belonging to the New Zealand and Australian Land Company by W.S. Davidson (printed 64pp.), April 1879 (Item [611/3])
Thomas Brydone's notes on New Zealand properties of the New Zealand and Australian Land Company, Dunedin (printed 15pp.) (Item [611/4])
Notes describing the freehold lands offered for sale and leasing by the New Zealand and Australian Land Company, 1880 (Item [611/5])

Includes general remarks on farming in New Zealand, Edinburgh (printed 93pp.).

Information regarding the freehold lands in New Zealand offered for sale by the New Zealand and Australian Land Company, 1882 (Item [611/6])

Includes general remarks on farming in New Zealand, Edinburgh (printed 111pp.).

The Cheviot Estate, 13 November 1893 - 17 November 1893 (Item [611/7])

Includes particulars, terms and conditions of disposal and occupation of 33,474 acres open on 13 and 17 November 1893 in Wellington (printed 51pp.).

The Ardgowan Estate, Otago, 12 May 1896 (Item [611/8])

Includes the particulars, terms and conditions of disposal and occupation of 4,234 acres open on Tuesday 12 May 1896, Wellington (printed 24pp.).

The Pareora No. 2 settlement, Canterbury, New Zealand, 22 March 1900 (Item [611/9])

Includes the particulars, terms and conditions of disposal and occupation of 8064 acres 3 roods open on Thursday 22 March 1900, Wellington (printed 31pp.).

Two catalogues for sales of Lincoln sheep in Argentina, 1907 - 1909 (Item [611/10])
Canterbury and Otago Association and New Zealand and Otago Agricultural and Land Investment Association: comparative valuations, 1867 - 1876 (Item [611/11])
New Zealand and Australian Land Company. Comparative statements of working of Company's properties, 1890 - 1908 (Item [611/12])

Includes statements from years 1890-1892, 1892-1894, 1895-1897, 1897-1899, 1901-1903, 1906-1908.

Miscellaneous memoranda about estates, 1887 - 1889 (Item [611/13])

Papers relating to the liquidation of the City Bank of Glasgow, 1879 - 1884 (File [613])

The papers cover the liquidators' interest in the New Zealand and Australian Land Company, and the Assets Company, including correspondence, reports and a list of shareholders.

Manuscript notes and printed pamphlets on the history of the frozen meat trade from Australia and New Zealand, the development of dairying in New Zealand, and the establishment of the Corriedale breed of sheep in New Zealand, 1882 - 1957 (File [614])

George Barclay. Obituary notice of David Davidson, Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 1892 (File [615])

Thomas Brydone. Notes on a trip to the old country, Dunedin (printed 28pp.), 1899 (File [616])

History of the pure-bred stud flocks of the New Zealand and Australian Land Company Ltd., Dunedin, 1905 (4pp.) (File [617])

Includes a letter from C.G. White (Wellington) to Eric Burnet, 13 July 1949.

The New Zealand and Australian Land Company Ltd., its history and its general manager, Edinburgh (printed 15pp.), 1915 (File [618])

William S. Davidson: an appreciation, Glasgow (printed 7pp.), 1924 (File [619])

W.E. Abbott and Lewis Carroll. Through the looking glass: the squatters and the blowflies: a fairy tale and a prophecy, Sydney (printed 8pp.), n.d (File [620])

Series. New Zealand balances, inventories and valuations, March 1900 - March 1911

Inventories and valuations of New Zealand estates, March 1900 (File [79])

Inventories and valuations of New Zealand estates, March 1901 (File [80])

Inventories and valuations of New Zealand estates, March 1902 (File [81])

Inventories and valuations of New Zealand estates, March 1903 (File [82])

Inventories and valuations of New Zealand estates, March 1904 (File [83])

Inventories and valuations of New Zealand estates, March 1905 (File [84])

Inventories and valuations of New Zealand estates, March 1906 (File [85])

Inventories and valuations of New Zealand estates, March 1907 (File [86])

Inventories and valuations of New Zealand estates, March 1908 (File [87])

Inventories and valuations of New Zealand estates, March 1909 (File [88])

Inventories and valuations of New Zealand estates, March 1910 (File [89])

Inventories and valuations of New Zealand estates, March 1911 (File [90])

Series RHP. Maps, 1879 - 1928

Map of Western Australia, with the Land Company's stations marked. Perth, F.W. Simpson, 1924 (File RHP 12454)

Map of New South Wales, including an index to pastoral stations and marked to show Land Company stations. Sydney, H.E.C. Robinson, n.d. (File RHP 12456)

Map of Queensland showing pastoral stations. Sydney, H.C. Robinson, n.d. (File RHP 12458)

Plan of the Walhallow and Piallaway Estates in the counties of Buckland, Pottinger and Parry, New South Wales, n.d. (File RHP 12459)

Map of Queensland, including the Gregory South district, marked to show Land Company stations. Brisbane, Surveyor-General's Office, 1897 (File RHP 1260)

Plan of portions of the Dromore Estate in the county of Beresford, New South Wales, 1922 (File RHP 12461)

J.A. Feilen. Plan of the Dromore Estate, 1922 (File RHP 12463)

Plan of Edgeroi in the county of Jamison, New South Wales. Melbourne, Mason, Firth & McCutcheon, n.d. (File RHP 12464)

Plan of Gundemain and Edgeroi runs in the county of Jamison, New South Wales, n.d. (File RHP 12465)

Plan of Wellshot Station, Queensland, 1883 (File RHP 12466)

Plan of Walhallow, New South Wales, n.d. (File RHP 12467)

Plan of Piallaway and Woodlands, New South Wales, n.d. (File RHP 12468)

Plan of Tootra Station, Western Australia, 1911 (File RHP 12472)

Plan of Walhallow and Piallaway holdings in the counties of Buckland, Parry and Pottinger, New South Wales, n.d. (File RHP 12474)

Plan of the Canonbie Station in the Burke district, Queensland, n.d. (File RHP 12475)

Plan of Goondublui, New South Wales, 1907 (File RHP 12476)

Plan of Midkin Station, New South Wales, 1907 (File RHP 12477)

Plan of Mogil Mogil in the county of Finch, New South Wales, n.d. (File RHP 12478)

Plan of the Bancheet, Nullawa and Muckerawa holdings in the counties of Narran and Finch, n.d. (File RHP 12479)

Plan of the Goondublui area in the county of Finch, New South Wales, n.d. (File RHP 12480)

Plan of holdings in the Maranoa district, Queensland, n.d. (File RHP 1282)

Plan of Wellshot, Queensland, n.d. (File RHP 12483)

Plan of the Nookawarra and Erivilla area, Western Australia, 1911 (File RHP 12484)

Plan of Bangate, Muckerawa and Nullawa holdings, New South Wales, n.d. (File RHP 12502)

Plan of Piallaway in the counties of Pottinger and Buckland, New South Wales, n.d (File RHP 12503)

Crossland & Hardy. Plan of Yere Yere, Western Australia, n.d. (File RHP 12504)

Plan of Beringarra, Western Australia, n.d. (File RHP 12505)

Plan of Walhallow Estate in the counties of Buckland and Pottinger, n.d. (File RHP 12506)

Plan of Lowe's Creek area, Walhallow, New South Wales, n.d. (File RHP 12507)

Plan of Mogil Mogil, New South Wales, n.d. (File RHP 12508)

Plan of part of Piallaway, New South Wales, 1914 (File RHP 12509)

Plan of Piallaway, New South Wales, 1914 (File RHP 12510)

Plan of Orandumby Station in the county of Vernon, New South Wales, n.d. (File RHP 12511)

Plan of Edgeroi in the county of Jamison, New South Wales, n.d. (File RHP 12512)

Plan of Tootra Station, Western Australia, 1914 (File RHP 12513)

Plan of Nundah, New South Wales, 1914 (File RHP 12514)

Plan of Bobundara, New South Wales, with sketch plan of portion of a fence, n.d. (File RHP 12515)

Plan of Mascotte, New South Wales, n.d. (File RHP 12516)

Plan of part of the Murchison area, Western Australia, n.d. (File RHP 12517)

Plan of Cragin in the counties of Burnett and Arrawatta, New South Wales, n.d. (File RHP 12518)

Plan of Hakateramea and Dalzell, Canterbury Province, New Zealand, n.d. (File RHP 12519)

Plan of the Hakateramea Station, Canterbury Province, n.d. (File RHP 12520)

Plan of Hakateramea Downs, Canterbury Province. Whitecombe & Tombs, n.d. (File RHP 12521)

Plan of area south of the River Opihi, Canterbury Province, n.d. (File RHP 12522)

Plan of the Moeraki Estate near Hampden, Otago Province, n.d (File RHP 12523)

Lieut. J.R. Withell. Plan of the Waianakarua Manoeuvre area, Otago Province, 1928 (File RHP 12524)

Map of the South Island, showing properties belonging to the New Zealand and Australian Land Company. Edinburgh, W. & A.K. Johnston, 1879 (File RHP 12526)


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