Guide to the Papers of Henry Pelham Clinton, 5th Duke of Newcastle under Lyme (as filmed by the AJCP)


M1575 - M1577

National Library of Australia View Catalogue Record

Created: 2019

Collection Summary

Clinton, Henry Pelham, Earl of Lincoln, 5th Duke of Newcastle
Papers of Henry Pelham Clinton, 5th Duke of Newcastle under Lyme (as filmed by the AJCP)
Date Range
1841 - 1865
Collection Number
M1575 - M1577
57 items
Language of Materials
Australian Joint Copying Project
The Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP) online portal was created with the assistance of the Australian Public Service Modernisation Fund, 2017-2020. The National Library of Australia gratefully acknowledges the contribution of the other foundation AJCP partners, the State Library of New South Wales and The National Archives of the UK, and all other organisations which supported the work of the AJCP, the world's most extensive collaborative copying project, operating from 1948 to 1997.


Scope and Contents

Letter-books, correspondence and official papers documenting such subjects as: colonial appointments; honours; constitutional difficulties in New South Wales; inter-colonial relations; Victorian goldfields; the New Zealand Company; church in the colonies; introduction of coloured labour; colonial defences; transportation to Western Australia; the Maori Wars; confiscation of Maori lands; and American claims to Fiji.

Correspondents include Queen Victoria, Sir George Grey, W.E. Gladstone, Sir Frederic Rogers, Sir Edward Bulwer Lytton, Sir Charles Fitzroy, Sir William Denison, Sir John Young, C.J. La Trobe, Sir Charles Hotham, T.G. Browne and Governor Sir George Grey.

Conditions Governing Access

Available for Access.

Conditions Governing Use

Many of the records digitised as part of the AJCP are still in copyright. Readers wishing to publish or reproduce documents should seek permission, in the first instance, from the owner of the original material.

Preferred Citation

Acknowledgement of use of this material should refer to the location of the original material and to the Australian Joint Copying Project.

Items from this collection should include references to the location of the original material and to the AJCP nla.obj number, which serves as the online identifier for the digital copy.

Example: M Series: Journal of Capt. James Cook, 18 February 1770, British Library Add. MS 27885 (AJCP ref:

Archival History

Filmed at the Manuscripts Department, Library of the University of Nottingham, as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project, 1982 (AJCP Reels: M1575-1577). Original microfilm digitised as part of the NLA AJCP Online Delivery Project, 2017-2020.

Existence and Location of Originals

University of Nottingham Library, King's Meadow Campus, Lenton Lane, Nottingham, England.

For more information see: University of Nottingham Library archives catalogue []

Existence and Location of Copies

The original AJCP microfilm of the records filmed from this collection is available at the National Library of Australia [] as well as other institutions holding AJCP microfilm.

Finding-aid Notes

This finding aid is a revised online version of the original finding aid prepared by the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP), published by the National Library of Australia in 2019. The original AJCP finding aids were unpublished typescripts or photocopies available from libraries that held copies of the original microfilm.

Dates used in this finding aid refer to the date range of the records selected for filming rather than to the date range of the Series or Files.

Advisory Statement

Maori and Pacific Islander people are advised that this Finding Aid contains material and descriptive information which may be considered culturally sensitive and may cause distress. This Finding Aid contains terms that reflect authors' views or those of the historical period, but which may not be considered appropriate today. While the information may not reflect current understanding, it is provided in an historical context.


Anglican Church; Army and defence; Australia; Australia: defence; Browne, Sir Thomas Gore; Bulwer-Lytton, Sir Edward, 1st Baron Lytton; Clinton, Henry P., 5th Duke of Newcastle; Constitutions: Australian colonies; Denison, Sir William T.; Fiji; FitzRoy, Sir Charles; Gladstone, W.E.; Gold and goldfields: Victoria; Great Britain; Great Britain. Colonial Office; Grey, Sir George, 2nd Baronet; Grey, Sir George, Governor; Honours; Hotham, Sir Charles; La Trobe, C.J.; Land: New Zealand; Maori; New Zealand; New Zealand Company; New Zealand Wars; Politicians: Britain; Rogers, Sir Frederic; Transportation of convicts; United States of America; Victoria, Queen of Great Britain


Originally cited in Australian Joint Copying Project Handbook. Part 8: Miscellaneous (M) Series. Third Edition, published 1998. Entry 345, p132. []

Biographical / Historical

Henry Pelham Clinton (1811-1864), Earl of Lincoln, 5th Duke of Newcastle (succeeded 1851).

Educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford. Tory M.P. 1832-1846, Peelite M.P. 1846-1851. Lord of Treasury 1834-1835, Commissioner of Woods and Forests 1841-1846, Chief Secretary for Ireland 1846. Secretary of State for War and Colonies in Aberdeen Government December 1852-June 1854, Secretary of State for War in Aberdeen Government June 1854-February 1855, Secretary of State for Colonies in Palmerston Government June 1859-April 1864.

Item Descriptions

Series. (i) Political (c) Colonial Office and War Office, 1852 - 1855

5 items

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP Reels M1575-M1576.

Letterbook, 1852 - 1854 (File NeC 9555)

Correspondence concerning the Australian colonies, New Zealand, Ceylon, Mauritius, St. Helena and Hong Kong. It deals inter alia with the appointment of a successor to Sir Charles Fitzroy, changes in the N.S.W. Constitution, proposed translation of Bishop G.A. Selwyn to Sydney, transportation, the Church in the colonies, the establishment of a steamship service to Australia, the appointment of a Governor of Victoria, economic conditions in Tasmania, the Victorian goldrushes, the appointment of Sir George Grey to the Cape of Good Hope, and the affairs of the New Zealand Company. Among the correspondents are Sir Charles Fitzroy, Sir William Denison, C.J. La Trobe, Sir Charles Hotham, Sir Henry Young, Sir George Grey, Reverend J. Woolley (Sydney) and Lord John Russell. (266 ff.)

Letterbook, 1852 - 1854 (File NeC 9557)

Correspondence concerning the Colonial Church Regulation Bill, the formation of a Metropolitan See in Sydney, and the appointment of the Bishop of Sydney. The correspondents include Archbishop J.B. Sumner, Bishop G.A. Selwyn, Reverend E. Coleridge, A. Grant and Lord Palmerston. (141 ff.)

Letters from C. Trevelyan, 1853 (File NeC 9666-9671)

Letters from C. Trevelyan of the Treasury and also R. Lowe concerning colonial matters, including the use of the Cornwallis as a guardship to prevent seamen deserting vessels at Melbourne and the activities of the Highland and Island Emigration Society in 1852.

Correspondence with Sir George Grey, 1854 - 1855 (File NeC 9672-9680)

Correspondence concerning colonial matters, including the arrival of Sir Charles Hotham in Melbourne, A.C. Gregory's exploring expedition and the appointment of T. Baines as artist, the appointment of a Governor-General of Australia, and Australian federalism.

Letterbook, 1853 - 1854 (File NeC 9785)

Copies of letters from Newcastle to Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. The subjects include a specimen of gold from Victoria, the appointment of Sir Charles Hotham as Governor of Victoria, the proposed appointment of G.A. Selwyn as Bishop of Sydney, the recommendation of Sir Henry Young as Governor of New Zealand, and the appointment of Sir William Denison as Governor of N.S.W. (c. 132 ff.)

Series. (i) Political (d) Colonial Office, 1841 - 1865

22 items


Originally filmed on AJCP Reels M1576-M1577.

Letterbook, December 1860 - December 1861 (File NeC 10,885)

1 item

Copies of Newcastle's letters to Sir Henry Barkly, Sir George Bowen, T.G. Browne, Sir George Grey, Sir Richard Macdonnell, A.E. Kennedy, Sir John Young, Sir Henry Young and others. The subjects include the Victorian Land Act, the abolition of the title Governor-General, the validity of Queensland laws, the New Zealand Native Councils Act, the Maori War, the appointment of Sir George Grey as Governor of New Zealand, the role of Bishops in New Zealand public life, the growth of cotton in Queensland, the introduction of Asian labour, constitutional difficulties in N.S.W., and the appointment of T.G. Browne as Governor of Tasmania. (238 pp.)

Letterbook, December 1861 - November 1862 (File NeC 10886)

Copies of Newcastle's letters to Sir Henry Barkly, Sir John Young, Sir George Bowen, Sir George Grey and others. The subjects include the dissolution of the Victorian Parliament, the introduction of protection, swamping of the N.S.W. Legislative Council, conduct of clergy in New Zealand, Maori War, constitution of Queensland Legislative Council, corruption in Victorian politics, Australian defence, the financing of the Maori War, and N.Z. Provinces Act. (246 pp.)

Letterbook, November 1862 - August 1863 (File NeC 10887)

Copies of Newcastle's letters to Sir John Young, Sir George Bowen, Sir Henry Barkly, Sir Charles Darling, Sir George Grey and others. The subjects include Australian defence, appointment of Chief Justice of Queensland, C. Gavan Duffy's book on Australian federation, appointment of Sir Charles Darling as Governor of Victoria, erection of a statue of Prince Albert in Sydney, Maori War, administration of native affairs, complaints of Sir George Grey, despatch of troops to New Zealand, and colonial honours. (242 pp.)

Letterbook, August 1863 - April 1864 (File NeC 1088)

1 item

Copies of Newcastle's letters to Sir George Bowen, Sir Charles Darling, Sir John Young, Sir Dominick Daly, Sir George Gray and others. The subjects include the Intercolonial Conference, colonial honours, transportation to Western Australia, and confiscation of Maori lands. (78 pp)

Letterbook, June 1859 - July 1861 (File NeC 10889)

Copies of Newcastle's letters to Lord Palmerston, S. Herbert, W.E. Gladstone, Bishop E.W. Tufnell and others concerning American claims to Fiji, State aid to religion in Queensland and Tasmania, Governor T.G. Browne, Colonial Office administration, and reinforcement of troops in New Zealand. (220 pp.)

Letterbook, July 1861 - February 1863 (File NeC 10890)

Copies of Newcastle's letters to Lord Palmerston, Sir George Lewis, W.E. Gladstone, Archbishop J.B. Sumner, Sir Henry Young, J. Hampton and Bishop F. Barker concerning appointment of Governor of Western Australia, emigration, colonial honours, appointment of colonial bishops, and W.T. Pritchard and Fiji. (236 pp.)

Letterbook, February 1863 - April 1864 (File NeC 10891)

Copies of Newcastle's letters to Lord Palmerston, W.E. Gladstone, J.H. Wentworth and others concerning the presentation of New Zealand chiefs to Queen Victoria, colonial honours, colonial finances and Newcastle's resignation. (70 pp.)

Subseries NeC 10892-10940. General colonial papers, 1859 - 1864

1 item
Correspondence, memoranda, reports and cuttings on colonial matters, 1859 - 1864 (File)

Including the administration of the Colonial Office, colonial defence, emigration, appointment of colonial bishops, coolie emigration, New Zealand Bill, Sir George Grey. Among the correspondents are Sir Edward Bulwer-Lytton, H. Merivale, S. Herbert, Sir Frederic Rogers, Lord Shaftesbury, J. Wolf, W.E. Gladstone, Lord Clarendon, Sir Charles Wood, C. Fortescue and Florence Nightingale. (350 pp.)

Subseries NeC 11036-11037. Straits Settlements, 1859 - 1861

1 item
Straits Settlements, 1859 - 1861 (File)

Letter on proposed transfer of Singapore to Colonial Office and memoranda by P.B. Maxwell on Singapore, Penang and Malacca.

Subseries NeC 11038-11072. Australia, 1841 - 1865

7 items
Seven letters from Sir William Denison to Sir Edward Bulwer-Lytton and Newcastle, 1859 - 1860 (File 11038-44)

N.S.W. election; progress towards universal suffrage; inter-colonial relations; division of debt between N.S.W. and Queensland; relations between Europeans and Maoris; colonization of Fiji; gold discoveries in Snowy Mountains; tariff; future career.

Papers concerning claims of P.E. Strzelecki for remuneration, 1841 - 1861 (File 11045-46)
Five letters from Sir John Young to Newcastle, April 1862 - August 1862 (File 11047-51)

Visit to Norfolk Island; honours; alteration of constitution of Legislative Council; convict J. Hart; Fiji Commission; military defences.

Seven letters from Newcastle to Sir John Young, 1861 - 1863 (File 11052-58)

Fiji Commission; Legislative Council; honours; military arrangements; Governorship of Victoria; transportation.

Papers belonging to Sir John Young, 1849 - 1865 (File 11059-67)

Mostly on British politics but also printed papers on episcopal jurisdiction in South Australia and E. Cardwell's appointment to the Colonial Office in 1864.

Papers concerning transportation, 1863 (File 11068-69)

Including petition from landowners, merchants and others urging increased transportation to Western Australia.

Miscellaneous papers, 1859 - 1862 (File 11070-72)

Including memo on progress of N.S.W. and Victoria, letter from W. Bland on pauper emigration to N.S.W., and pamphlet on defenceless state of Sydney.

Subseries NeC 11073-11101. New Zealand, 1860 - 1864

6 items
Memorandum by Governor T.G. Browne on Maori uprising (29 pp.), 7 September 1860 (File 11073)
Blue books relating to disturbances in New Zealand, 1861 (File 11074-75)
Memorandum by Colonial Office on N.Z. Constitution (36 pp.), 23 May 1861 (File 11076)
Miscellaneous papers, 1860 - 1864 (File 11077-82)

Including letter from Sir George Grey on Taranaki land affair, 21 November 1860; letter from Sir Frederic Rogers on Sir George Grey and Native Council 23 May 1861; plan of Maori position on Waikato River, 1863; memorandum from Colonial Defence Office, Auckland, on measures taken by colonial Government in Maori War, 1863; letter from Lord Palmerston returning maps of N.Z. battlefields, 1864.

10 letters from Sir George Grey to Newcastle, 1861 - 1863 (File 11083-93)

N.Z. affairs; lack of confidence by Maoris in governments; death of Prince Albert; opening of Parliament; letter from General D. Cameron; financing of War; fears of Maoris they would be exterminated.

Letters relating to visit of Maori Chiefs to England, 1863 (File 11094-10101)

Correspondents include Lord Leigh, Sir Frederic Rogers, W. Jenkins and Lord Shaftesbury.

Series. Miscellaneous Letters, 21 July 1846 - 3 March 1864

30 items

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP Reel M1577.

Newcastle to Sir William Denison, 22 February 1853 (File NeC 9591)

Discontinuance of transportation to Van Diemen's Land.

Newcastle to Sir William Denison, 7 February 1853 (File NeC 9592)

Transportation to Van Diemen's Land. (printed)

Queen Victoria to Newcastle, 12 November 1853 (File NeC 9714)

Approves appointment of Sir Charles Hotham as Governor of Victoria; premature announcement.

Queen Victoria to Newcastle, 2 December 1853 (File NeC 9717)

Agrees to appointment of G.A. Selwyn as Bishop of Sydney and O. Hadfield as Bishop of New Zealand.

Queen Victoria to Newcastle, 11 June 1854 (File NeC 9734)

Approves appointment of Sir William Denison as Governor of N.S.W. and Sir Henry Young as Governor of N.Z.

Sir James Graham to Newcastle, October 1854 (File NeC 10249)

Melancholy picture of Victoria presented by Sir Charles Hotham.

Sir Roderick Murchison to Newcastle, 25 January 1855 (File NeC 10749)

Delay in North Australian Expedition; urges increase in salary for Wilson, geologist and topographer.

Newcastle to Sir James Graham, 2 May 1854 (File NeC 10786)

Dangers arising from French possession of islands in Pacific; annexation of Tonga.

Newcastle to Sir Charles Hotham, 3 October 1854 (File NeC 10803)

Newcastle's departure from Colonial Office; transfer of Sir William Denison to Sydney; position of Governor-General.

Newcastle to Sir Roderick Murchison, 30 January 1855 (File NeC 10848)

Australian Expedition; agrees salaries are low; loss of services of Dr. Lyall.

Newcastle to W.E. Gladstone, [1853]-06-21 (File NeC 11728)

New Zealand Bill.

Newcastle to W.E. Gladstone, 3 October 1853 (File NeC 11733)

Bishopric of Sydney; G.A. Selwyn.

Newcastle to W.E. Gladstone, 6 August 1853 (File NeC 11735)

G.A. Selwyn.

Newcastle to W.E. Gladstone, 31 December 1859 (File NeC 11750)

Expenses of Fiji Commissioners.

Newcastle to W.E. Gladstone, 21 January 1861 (File NeC 11753)

King Movement in New Zealand.

Newcastle to W.E. Gladstone, 23 October 1861 (File NeC 11755)

Appointment of Sir George Grey as Governor of New Zealand.

Newcastle to W.E. Gladstone, 18 December 1861 (File NeC 11757)

Letter from G.A. Selwyn.

Newcastle to W.E. Gladstone, 15 February 1864 (File NeC 11764)

Governors' pensions

W.E. Gladstone to Newcastle, 21 July 1846 (File NeC 11786)

Despatches to Governor G. Grey.

Newcastle to S. Herbert, 15 August 1860 (File NeC 12562)

Financial support by Victorian Government for imperial troops; discouraging news from New Zealand.

Lord Russell to Newcastle, 21 October 1861 (File NeC 12701)

Claims by P.E. Strzelecki.

Queen Victoria to Newcastle, 27 October 1859 (File NeC 12724)

Approval of name Royal Society of Victoria.

Queen Victoria to Newcastle, 21 January 1860 (File NeC 12730)

Loyal address from people of Victoria.

Queen Victoria to Newcastle, 23 November 1860 (File NeC 12749)

Approves appointment of Sir John Young as Governor of N.S.W.

Queen Victoria to Newcastle, 22 May 1861 (File NeC 12754)

Approves appointments of Sir George Grey as Governor of N.Z. and T.G. Browne as Governor of Tasmania.

Queen Victoria to Newcastle, 14 August 1861 (File NeC 12756)

Approves appointments of Sir Dominick Daly as Governor of South Australia and J.S. Hampton as Governor of Western Australia.

Queen Victoria to Newcastle, 3 October 1861 (File NeC 12759)

Visit to England of Queen of Sandwich Islands.

Queen Victoria to Newcastle, 18 July 1863 (File NeC 12762)

Autographs for New Zealanders.

Queen Victoria to Newcastle, 22 April 1863 (File NeC 12763)

Statue of Prince Albert in Sydney.

Queen Victoria to Newcastle, 3 March 1864 (File NeC 12768)

Maori War.