Guide to the Papers of Donald Cleland
National Library of Australia View Catalogue Record
- Donald Cleland
- Papers of Donald Cleland
- Date Range
- ca. 1960-1990
- Collection Number
- MS 9600
- 5.55 metres (37 boxes)
- Language of Materials
- National Library of Australia
Scope and Contents
Sir Donald Cleland was meticulous in keeping his papers in order. However, he seems to have been very selective in what he kept. Dame Rachel, who transferred the papers to the Library, said he destroyed a good deal of material despite her protests. He did arrange and make into files, those papers which meant much to him, which illustrated his career. He was clearly conscious of history in the making during his service in World War II. Although not a good diary-keeper, he created documents after the event, when time permitted, sometimes illustrating them with photographs he took himself.
By the time he went to New Guinea for service with the Australian New Guinea Administrative Unit (ANGAU), he was keeping a more in-depth diary, but still episodic, not daily. In ANGAU too, he kept copies of a lot of the official correspondence between ANGAU and the Directorate of Research and Civil Affairs (DORCA) and arranged them in an official bureaucratic manner, in numbered or named files with every folio numbered. These files are also available in the National Archives of Australia (A518) and the Australian War Memorial (AWM54), though not necessarily in the same named files or order.
Very little has survived concerning his political activities in Perth, either before or after the War, or from his period as Director of the Liberal Party Secretariat - election leaflets, a few notes from speeches, one or two reports. Even the Liberal Party archives, also housed in the National Library (MS 5000), has little on this period, and it is difficult to find. It is also probable that the Liberal Party records were not assigned as archives until many years after their creation, with many earlier papers consequently going astray.
The most important period in Sir Donald’s life being the Administrator of Papua and New Guinea, one might expect a full range of papers. One of his officers once remarked that he was surprised to learn that there were any papers. Sir Donald was such an efficient Administrator, his method was to write in red ink in the margins of incoming mail, how he wished the reply to be framed. He then sent it off to the action officer, whoever it might be. This was in the days before photocopying. The consequent correspondence would then be filed within the appropriate department. The National Archives of Papua New Guinea is the custodian of government archives and is quite rich in those of this period. A Guide [to the] Records of the Department of the Administrator, was published in 1991 by the National Archives and Public Records Services of Papua New Guinea, and is available from that institution.
What Sir Donald did keep was his correspondence with his Minister, Sir Paul Hasluck. He regarded it as personal and it is beautifully arranged in files and numbered folios. Sir Paul kept his end of the correspondence, but regarded it as official, and has deposited it in the National Archives of Australia (M333). This correspondence has therefore been available to the public for some years. Each pursued the same arrangement - each has the other’s original and has interfiled chronologically his only carbon copy reply. Sir Donald did keep selected copies of a small amount of official correspondence, mainly concerning matters of particular interest to him, but there is comparatively little of this. Otherwise, there are complete files of his speeches, programs of events and VIP visits, and official typed up appointment diaries. Together, the speeches, programs and diaries can date accurately, any important event that occurred over the period, but very little about it.
Apart from his official papers, there are papers relating to his other activities. After his retirement, all the papers are personal including his unfinished memoirs, of which there are two drafts. While the ANGAU section is reasonably complete if unpolished, the part dealing with his Administration is little more than chapter headings and summaries.
Conditions Governing Access
Please refer to the collection's catalogue record for the access conditions (http://nla.gov.au/nla.cat-vn716629).
Conditions Governing Use
Copying and publishing of unpublished manuscript material is subject to copyright restrictions. For such material, written permission to publish must be obtained from the copyright holder(s). Copying of unpublished material for research purposes is permissible 50 years after the death of the creator of the material.
Items from this collection should be cited as '[Title or description of manuscript item], Papers of Donald Cleland, National Library of Australia, MS 9600, [box number and series and/or file number]'.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The papers of Sir Donald Cleland were donated to the Library by Dame Rachel Cleland in 2002.
MS 9601, papers of Dame Rachel Cleland.
Order has been imposed on the collection by Nancy Lutton, who mediated in the acquisition of the papers of Sir Donald and Dame Rachel Cleland by the Library. The papers have been arranged in 25 series, taking into account chronological order and subject matters.
Sir Donald Cleland was born on 28 June 1901, in Coolgardie, Western Australia, the eldest son of Elphinstone Davenport Cleland, mining engineer, and his second wife, Anne Emily, née Mackinnon. He was educated at Guildford Grammar School in Perth. In 1919 he wished to pursue a career in the Army, but was turned down because of a varicose vein at a time when the Army was winding down following World War I. He therefore chose to be a lawyer, and in due course was admitted to the Bar, becoming a partner with the firm Villeneuve Smith and Keall.
Cleland’s outside interests were several. He remained interested in the military as a member of the Militia and military reserve. He was a leader in the Toc H movement in Perth for many years. He became interested in politics and joined the National Party of Western Australia. During the 1930s he stood for election to the Western Australian Legislative Assembly three times, in 1933 and 1936 for the seat of Claremont, and in 1939 for the seat of Perth, but to no avail in each case. He was also the Chairman of the Executive of the National Party from 1935-1939. He also delivered a number of lectures on political philosophy over ABC radio from 1937-1939.
In 1928, Cleland married Rachel Evans (1906-2002), later Dame Rachel Cleland (see MS 9601). They had two sons, Robert (born 1931) and Evan (1935).
When World War II broke out in 1939, Cleland was one of the first recruits from WA as his army identity number WX40 indicates. By the end of the year he had been appointed as Staff Captain to the Commander of the Royal Artillery, (later Sir) Edmund Herring, while the 6th Division was being established by Sir Thomas Blamey. He proceeded overseas with the first convoy in January 1940 and spent most of the following two years in Palestine with the 1st Australian Corps. He was chosen to attend the first staff officers’ course in Haifa. He carried out a number of reconnaissance trips to North Africa and was actively involved in the lead up to the Greek Campaign through reconnaissance, and during the retreat from overwhelming German forces. He was also involved in the reconnaissance and supply side of the army’s advance in Syria. By this time he had been promoted to Lieutenant Colonel.
Following the Japanese invasion in 1941, early in 1942 he was transferred with a small party of officers to Java where they endeavoured to set up headquarters, but the Japanese thrust was too quick and the party had to evacuate speedily. Cleland returned to Australia where the army was undergoing a complete re-organisation and was appointed Deputy Adjutant and Quartermaster General (DA&QMG) to the Third Australian Corps stationed in Western Australia, under Major General Henry Gordon Bennett. During this time he was promoted to Brigadier.
In January 1943 Cleland was appointed by General Blamey to a newly created position in New Guinea, that of DA&QMG to Major General Morris, head of the Australian New Guinea Administrative Unit (ANGAU) in Port Moresby. He was also assigned to be the Chairman of the Production Control Board (PCB) being established to oversee the return of planters to Papua and New Guinea as the Japanese were driven back, and to encourage increase in production of essential plantation produce, mainly rubber and copra. Over the next two years he was virtually assistant administrator in New Guinea, and was much involved in the politics of the army and the government through the Directorate of Research and Civil Affairs (DORCA). His wartime service earned him both an MBE and a CBE as well as receiving a ‘mention in despatches’ twice.
When the senior partner in his law firm died early in 1945, Cleland resigned from the army and endeavoured to re-establish himself in law. However, the call of politics was strong. Robert Menzies had established the Liberal Party in 1944, to replace and unite the scattered conservative parties around Australia, including the National Party of WA. Cleland was an enthusiastic early member and office bearer, and when the Prime Minister John Curtin died in July 1945, Cleland decided to stand for his seat of Fremantle, though it had a strong Labor majority. He was unsuccessful, as he was also with an application to become Administrator of the Territory of Papua and New Guinea. However, the Liberal Party head hunted him to become its first Director of the Secretariat, and accepting this, the family moved to Sydney.
Cleland’s six years as director included the organisation of two election campaigns, with success in 1949, when the Liberal Party won the Federal election. Politics had now lost its appeal and Cleland realised that administration was more his bent. Accordingly, when the new government decided to appoint an Assistant Administrator to the Administrator, Jack Murray in the Territory of Papua and New Guinea, Cleland’s qualifications, especially his experience in ANGAU, could not be overlooked.
Cleland arrived in Port Moresby in September 1951. Early in 1952, Paul Hasluck, the Minister for Territories, sacked the Administrator, Jack Murray amidst some controversy. Cleland became Acting Administrator and then confirmed as Administrator in February 1953. For the next ten years, Cleland and Hasluck had a close relationship as policies were implemented to lead the Territory gradually to full independence, especially in the training of teachers, doctors, nurses and others and the establishment of a university. Problems of contacting all peoples in the fractured lands and tribes of the Territory, land tenure, roads and communications and the introduction of law courts, all had to be resolved. Cleland was created KB in 1961. Hasluck left the Territories portfolio in 1963 to be replaced by Charles Barnes. Cleland retired in January 1967. As he had not lived in Western Australia since 1939, and now regarded Papua New Guinea as his home, he and Lady Cleland decided to build a house in Port Moresby and retire there.
After a world tour in 1967, Cleland returned to Port Moresby to take up several directorships. The South Pacific Games were held in 1969 and Cleland headed the Finance Committee. His skills as a lawyer were again called upon when he was asked to write the constitution for an independent Anglican Church. He became Pro-Chancellor of the University of Papua New Guinea for a time. He and Lady Cleland participated in many activities in Port Moresby, including the garden competition, which they won several times and the Waigani Seminars.
On 27 August 1975, just prior to the official ceremonies marking the granting of Independence to Papua New Guinea, Cleland died. He was given a State Funeral and is buried in the Bomana Cemetery (civilian) in Port Moresby, the only Administrator of Papua New Guinea, except for the Lieutenant-Governor of Papua, Sir Hubert Murray, to be buried in New Guinea.
Contains all records dated prior to World War II, including various certificates and official papers, personal mementos and family matters, Toc H, the Economic Studies Club, National Party politics, and ABC broadcasts.
Elphinstone Davenport Cleland (Cleland’s father): probate jurisdiction, grant of burial Karrakatta Cemetery, 1928. Also letter to Donald Cleland from EDC on the occasion of Donald Cleland’s 18th birthday, 28 June 1919, and a notebook, 1907. See also MS 9601/Series 28, Cleland and Evans family histories (1888-1928) (File 3) - Box 1
A Toc H pilgrimage: articles and notes (handwritten), 1-27 November 1926. Invitation to the Distinguished Strangers Gallery, House of Commons, 10 February 1927. Also booklet The Theme of the Vigil on the Occasion of the World Chain of Light and the Fortieth Birthday of TOC H, December 1955 (1926-1955) (File 6) - Box 1
Contains war service records, brief diaries, handwritten accounts, some illustrated, notes on Palestine, Syria and Netherlands East Indies, notebooks from Staff Officer Training College, Haifa.
Letters written nearly every week from 1939 to 1941 and each usually six pages long, some much longer. These contain detailed accounts of the life of a war time wife as well as lengthy discussions on world matters and the progress of the war. They are also love letters. Letters during 1942 are fewer and more irregular, and apart from two only in 1944, then peter out. The letters received by Cleland in New Guinea while in ANGAU (1943-1945) have not survived. He probably destroyed them, keeping only two of particular sentiment. Apparently, soldiers in New Guinea were ordered to destroy letters and to not keep diaries in New Guinea if they were in forward fighting areas. Cleland was not, but may have been setting an example for his juniors. (See also MS 9601/Series 2 Dame Rachel Cleland Papers).
Two full letters and two undated letters missing first pages, which seem to reply to his letter of 17 May 1943, but may never have been sent. Other letters for this series were probably destroyed on receipt and after reading in New Guinea because of Army orders
Files, mainly put together by Cleland himself, of copies of official correspondence (marked AQ), covering his work at ANGAU, a military administrative unit which was established in Port Moresby to maintain the civil administration’s functions such as preserving and controlling native labour and keeping law and order. Added to these are some photographs taken by him (not good quality), some private correspondence and honours and awards received. The numbers with letter prefix in brackets were assigned by Cleland and these files also mostly have folio numbers assigned.
Melbourne diary (Donald Cleland) - Personal diary on visit to LHQ etc., 9-27 July 1944. Typed 20pp. (File 19) - Box 8
Includes index, 3pp.
Honours and awards for military service: Mentions in Despatches 1941 and 1944, MBE 1942 and CBE 1945. Recommendation from US Navy for an award for co-operation in Western Australia, 1944. Recommendation as Honorary ADC to Governor General 1945. Release from Australian Military Forces, 1945 (File 23) - Box 8
Files marked PCB concerning the genesis of the Production Control Board and including annual reports. Includes a later file concerning the Board’s incorporation with the Provisional Administration.
Before World War II Cleland had been active in conservative politics. He was president (1936-1938) of the National Party of Western Australia and thrice stood unsuccessfully for the Legislative Assembly (1933, 1936 and 1939). On his return to Perth in mid-1945, he was elected vice-president of the State branch of the Liberal Party. Following the death of John Curtin in July 1945 Cleland contested the by-election for the seat of Fremantle in the House of Representatives but was unsuccessful. In October 1945 he was appointed Director of the Federal Secretariat of the Liberal Party, and in that position organized the effective 1949 campaign.
This series includes papers relating to post-war politics including the foundations of the Liberal Party of Australia, the Fremantle by-election, Cleland’s appointment as Director of the Federal Secretariat of the Liberal party (and later resignation), miscellaneous leaflets, reports and some personal letters.
Series 7. Territory of Papua and New Guinea. Assistant Administrator and Administrator applications and appointment, 1941-1953
Includes some personal correspondence and Cleland’s first application for the position of Administrator in 1945. The files give details of his appointment as Assistant Administrator in 1951, the retirement of Administrator J. K. Murray, and his own subsequent appointment.
Series 8. Territory of Papua and New Guinea. Administrator: Monthly reports and Official Diaries, 1954-1966
The monthly reports were written by Cleland, the Assistant Administrator in 1951-1954, and produced in roneoed form. The official diaries began in 1954 and were loose leaf pages typed up daily by the Official Secretary, showing the Administrator’s engagements for the day. They were later bound into yearly volumes: (Monthly reports were duplicated and circulated to Departments. Official diaries were typed up daily by Official Secretary and bound in heavy covers).
Mostly pocket diaries with very scant and spasmodic entries.
See above in notes on scope and arrangements. In an added file is correspondence with the Minister about Government House Staff. The following files had been arranged and folios numbered by Sir Donald Cleland. For summary see Series 23/File 5 below.
(f 527 is the last from P. M. Hasluck. Thereafter correspondence is with the Secretary, Dept of Territories, G. Warwick Smith. Last letter dated 21 Feb 1966, 10 months before retirement)
The first three files were arranged and numbered by Cleland. The last three files are miscellaneous official documents, which seemed to fall most appropriately into this series. (Files 1-3 arranged and folios numbered by Donald Cleland)
Miscellaneous copies of documents: Appointment of cadet patrol officers 1953; Position of Official Members of a Territorial Legislative Council 1954; Land policy in P NG 1954; Goilala Incident (2 letters) 1957; Navuneram affair (2 letters) 1959; co-operation with Netherlands New Guinea political advancement of indigenous people, 1962 (File 4) - Box 16
These are typescript documents falling into this category, and which were arranged and numbered in chronological order by Cleland. Most were probably written by Cleland himself, but some have clearly been written for him, particularly when performing the honours at the opening of an institution with which he was unfamiliar. There are certain idealistic themes which appear several times, indeed had appeared earlier in his ABC broadcasts 1937-1939 (Series 1), such as his ‘Seven pillars of public service’ suggested by John Ruskin’s ‘Seven pillars of architecture’. (Files arranged and folios numbered by Donald Cleland).
Mostly letters of congratulations upon receiving various honours. There is very little private correspondence. Lady Cleland was a prolific correspondent, and much of her inward mail is addressed to them both (See MS 9601/Series 6 and 16).
Includes rough notes of arrangements, printed programs and newspaper clippings.
The VIPs include several Governors General, Administrators of the Commonwealth, Chief Scout of the Commonwealth, Prime Minister of Australia, Ministers for Territories, Federal Treasurer and several other Ministers, United Nations Visiting Mission, Ambassador for the Netherlands, and others.
R. G. Menzies, Prime Minister, 24-28 April, 1957 Lady Slim, 22 July-3 August, 1957 Sir Arthur Fadden, Treasurer, 26 October-3 November 1957 C. Helders, Dr. J. van Baal and B. Kruijger, Netherlands New Guinea, 6-8 November 1957 Dr P. J. Plateel, Governor, Netherlands New Guinea, 27 August -3 September 1958. Harold Holt, Minister for Labour and Phillip McBride, Minister for Defence, 20-29 June 1958 A. H. J. Lovink, Ambassador for the Netherlands, 2-8 October 1958 Earl Mountbatten of Burma 23-28 February 1965 Sir George Taylor, official opening of the Lae Herbarium, 12 April 1965 Lord Casey, Governor General, 10-23 May 1966 Also presentation of Queen’s and Regimental colours to 2 Battalion Pacific Islands Regiment, 18 May 1966 (File 11) - Box 21
Openings include the Port Moresby Coronation Celebrations, hospitals, industrial installations, clubs, memorials, parks, colleges, conferences and highland agricultural shows. Presentations include hand illustrations and mementos, and songs of welcome arising out of official visits to districts.
Port Moresby Coronation Celebrations, 31 May-6 June 1953. Program, menu and proceedings, Territorial Dinner, and ‘Shall we be loyal’ address given by Bishop Andre Sorin. Also includes brochures of coronation celebrations from Canberra and Brisbane and the Order of Divine Service recommended in the Church of England (File 1) - Box 21
Frangipani fair (in aid of Girl Guides), 30 October 1954; St Marie Therese Native Maternity Hospital, Koki. Celebrating the birth of the 1,000th baby, 1950-1955; Official opening, Memorial Bible House, 15 October 1955; Shell installation, Rabaul, 21 October 1956; Rotary Club of Port Moresby, Presentation of Charter, 4 December 1957; Rotary Club of Port Moresby. Boys’ and Girls’ Week, 17-23 December 1958; International Youth Art Exhibition, 15-17 October 1959; Official Opening New Monier Factory, 6 November 1959; Official Unveiling of Memorial to Native Carriers of the Kokoda Trail, 2 November 1959
Konedobu Club. Official opening of new club building, 17 June 1960; Apprenticeship prize giving, 28 March 1962; Official opening J. B. McAdam Park, Wau, 25 May 1963; Enthronement David Hand, Bishop of New Guinea, 29 June 1963; W. D. & H. O. Wills establishment in Territory, 30 July 1963; Dedication of the Church of St Francis of Assisi, Koke, 13 June 1964; Papuan Medical College - First graduation ceremony, 3 February 1965; Sixth South Pacific Conference, Lae, July 1965; Mount Hagen Show, 21-22 August 1965, including community service of praise and thanksgiving; Balob Teachers College, 27 November 1965
Hand drawn map of Sepik District showing places visited on tour, 9-15 October 1954; Hand illustrated invitation from the pupils and staff of the Idubada Central School to a concert, 10 December 1956; Hand illustrated memento of visit to Education Centre Dregerhafen, 12 December 1956; Song on the occasion of visit to Kwato, February 18, 1959; Hand illustrated memento from children of Kiriwina on occasion of visit, n.d.; Hand designed welcome from the children of Nimowa on the occasion of visit, n.d.
Briefs for the Administrator for various events carried out by the Pacific Islands Regiment, such as parades and Trooping the Colour.
Including royal visits to Australia, visit to Netherlands New Guinea, visit to Malaysia, visit to Perth for the British Empire and Commonwealth Games.
Hollandia, 2-4 March 1956. Menus only. Seventh British Empire and Commonwealth Games, Perth, opening ceremony, 22 November 1962. Ceremonial Parade Presentation of Queen’s and regimental Colours to 1 Battalion Royal Western Australia Regiment, 25 November 1962. Australian Territories’ Delegations in Canberra, 9-14 March 1963.
Including Boy Scouts Association, Returned Services League, Council of Social Service, Copra Marketing Board, New Guinea Society, ANGAU Association, International Commission of Jurists
Papua New Guinea Copra Marketing Board. Ordinance No 70 of 1952. Also Chairman’s Minute, 18 June 1963, noting the 20th Anniversary of the formation of the Australian New Guinea Production Control Board. The first meeting was held on 16 June 1943 with Brigadier D. M. Cleland as Chairman (File 7) - Box 25
Publications found with the papers of Sir Donald Cleland, including a number of official publications, such as the Papua and New Guinea Act and Standing Instructions for General Field Administration, a number of United Nations reports on the Territory of New Guinea, and miscellaneous pamphlets and papers of interest.
The Provisional Administration of the Territory of Papua-New Guinea: its policy and its problems, being the John Murtagh Macrossan Memorial Lectures delivered by J. K. Murray, 22 and 24 April 1947 (Two copies: one a presentation copy inscribed to Brigadier D. M. Cleland by the author) (File 2) - Box 25
The Kibi: Cooperative Journal – PNG, No 2, December 1962, Kumul: Quarterly Police News, June 1966 Courier-Mail (Qld), Sat 10 June 1965. ‘No independence day hint for NG’. (Article on Sir Donald Cleland) Sydney Morning Herald, June 10, 1961. (14 knights named by Queen); June 8, 1964. Article on House Assembly. July 18, 1966. ‘Answer in the hands of people’ The Age, June 10, 1961. (13 new knights) The Industrial Review, TPNG Dept of Labour, Vol 1 No 1, August 1963 Papers on Education, TPNG Dept. of Education, No 2, ‘Vunamami: an experiment in rural education in a native village community’, October 1954 (File 18) - Box 27
South Pacific Post, 20 February 1953; 13 June 1961; 20 October 1961; 31 October 1961; 24 April 1962; 7 June 1963; 23 August 1963; 5 June 1964; 9 June 1964; 28 August 1964; 22 September 1964; 3 March 1965; 12 March 1965; 10 September 1965; 25 April 1966; 29 April 1966; 13 June 1966; 22 July 1966; 16 September 1966; 1 December 1973 (File 20a_d) - Box 28
Farewell visits paid to various parts of the Territory, programs and mementos, and House of Assembly Debates, farewell speeches and Sir Donald’s final address.
Notes of overseas tour 1967, directorships, constitutional development, Waigani seminar paper, University Pro-Chancellor, Chancellor Anglican Church of PNG, Return to Kokoda ceremony, 70th Birthday celebrations.
Waigani Seminar, 1968. Includes notes for research of paper by Sir Donald Cleland ‘An Administrator reflects’, multiple copies of the paper (as printed in The Journal of the Papua and New Guinea Society) and papers by J. K. Murray ‘In retrospect 1945-1952’, Peter Ryan, ‘The Australian New Guinea Administrative Unit’ and Introductory speech to the Seminar by Dr J. T. Gunther, Vice Chancellor of the University of Papua New Guinea. Also some press cuttings (File 7) - Box 30
Letters, papers and publications collected, notes made from sources, drafts of chapters, first handwritten draft of ‘New Guinea Days, original typed copy including photos [Folders 18 and 19 -not for public access], and photocopy of the latter [for public use]
W. E. H. Stanner. Reconstruction in the South Pacific Islands: a preliminary report. Part I. Papua and New Guinea. New York, International Secretariat, Institute of Pacific Relations, 47. [Noted as received from Australian Institute of International Affairs, 369 George St, Sydney, ?/2/48. DCM] (File 10) - Box 32
Farewell speeches from the House of Assembly and speeches at Sir Donald Cleland’s 70th birthday.
Most appear to be official photographs and cover a wide variety of events and places visited in Papua New Guinea, a few are historical. [See also photographs in MS 9600/2/4 and MS 9600/4/2 taken during World War II]
VIP visits and openings: Sir Robert Menzies 1957, Opening, Bomana War cemetery 1944, Various conferences (official photos well labelled) - United Nations Trusteeship Council, UN - New York 1955, District Commissioners’ Conference, 1965, World Health Organisation 1958 [See also Series25 File 18], District Medical Officers’ Conference 1963, South Pacific Commission, 1965 (File 12) - Box 36
Port Moresby and Government House Including Port Moresby general (2), Sogeri (2), Elevala 1900, street tree planting 1966; Government House 1952-1953, the family at GH, Moresby in early days 1951-55; Investitures 1952, 1954, 1963, various loose photographs; Special visitors, Tom Mboya, Cardinal Gilroy, Lady Slim (File 15) - Box 36
Lord Dunrossil, Sir Dallas Brooks, Lord de Lisle, Lord Casey; Lord Casey at Goroka Show and some loose photographs; Lord de Lisle (including investiture of Sir Donald) [loose]; Sir William Slim [loose]; Queen’s visit to Canberra 1954 and later 1964?; Duke of Edinburgh visit to PNG, November 1956
Schools, New Ireland Lemankot, Madang Sagalau, Yule Island, Balimo, Boroko, Rabaul, Goroka; Balls and other occasions
Swearing in as Administrator, 1953; Coronation festivities, 1953 [See also Series 25,File 3] ; Conference of the World Health Organisation, 1958
Training institutions, local government councils, war memorials, and cemeteries, modes of transport, Queen’s visit, University of PNG (File 19) - Box 37
Modes of transport, horses, canoes and trawler; Opening new institutions, Plywood Mill Bulolo, St John’s Church, Bible Society; Local government councils ; R. G. Menzies visit, 1963 [See also Series 25 File 12]; Donald Cleland (later Sir) and R. G. Casey (later Lord) in Liberal Office Sydney, 1949; War memorials and cemeteries, Sohano, Bougainville, Kokoda Memorial to carriers; University of PNG and Administrative College