National Library of Australia
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Papers of Hallam, 2nd Baron Tennyson; his wife Audrey Georgina Florence, Lady Tennyson; Alfred Aubrey Tennyson, 2nd son of Hallam; Zacyntha Boyle, mother of Lady Tennyson; and miscellaneous papers. The papers consist of diaries, commissions, secret despatches, family correspondence, correspondence relating to administration and defence, telegrams, drafts of speeches, accounts, newspaper cuttings, invitations, photographs and passports.
Please refer to the collection's catalogue record for the access conditions (http://nla.gov.au/nla.cat-vn2245809).
Copying and publishing of unpublished manuscript material is subject to copyright restrictions. For such material, written permission to publish must be obtained from the copyright holder(s). Copying of unpublished material for research purposes is permissible 50 years after the death of the creator of the material.
Items from this collection should be cited as '[Title or description of manuscript item], Papers of Lord Tennyson, National Library of Australia, MS 479, [box number and series and/or file number]'.
On 1 May 1957 a letter from the President of the Senate was addressed to Harold Christopher, 4th Baron Tennyson, requesting the transfer of any papers relating to Hallam, 2nd Baron Tennyson and his periods of office as Governor of South Australia and Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia. On 9 May 1957 Lord Tennyson replied, stating his willingness to transfer such papers as were available, and pointing out that although classed as 'heirlooms' there was no objection to them being placed in the Commonwealth National Library 'on permanent loan'. In March of 1958 the Liaison Officer of the National Library in London reported that he had inspected the material and that arrangements for its shipment to Australia had been made. The material was received into the National Library early in June 1958, and a letter of thanks was sent to Lord Tennyson on 12 June 1958.
Other papers of Lord Tennyson are held in the Manuscript Collection at MS 254, MS 1553, MS 1851, MS 1963, MS 2237 and MS 2409.
Hallam, 2nd Baron Tennyson, was the oldest surviving son of Alfred, 1st Baron Tennyson, Poet Laureate, and Emily Tennyson (nee Sollwood). He was born at Twickenham on 11 August 1852, and educated at Marlborough College, Trinity College Cambridge, and the 'Inner Temple'. For many years he acted as his father's secretary, and following his father's death and his succeeding to the barony on 6 October 1892, he wrote a memoir of the poet. Later, as the 2nd Baron Tennyson, he was prepared to accept a colonial governorship - a fact which may not be unrelated to his father's interest in Imperial Federation. In 1899 he was appointed Governor and Commander-in-Chief of South Australia. He took up office on 10 April 1899, and continued in it until 17 July 1902 (from 1 January 1901 - the inauguration of the Australian Commonwealth - the designation 'Commander-in-Chief' was omitted from his title).
Lord Tennyson relinquished his position in South Australia in order to take up the appointment of Acting-Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia, following the resignation of the 7th Earl of Hopetoun. Lord Tennyson served as Acting-Governor-General from17 July 1902 to 9 January 1903, from which latter date he was confirmed in the appointment. He continued to serve as Governor-General until 21 January 1904 when he returned to England. Lord Tennyson did not undertake any subsequent governorships, although in March 1903 he indicated his readiness to serve as the Governor-General of Canada, and in November 1905 he was offered the governorship of Madras. In 1901 while still in South Australia, Lord Tennyson was Deputy Governor of the Isle of Wight.
On 25 June 1884 Lord Tennyson married Audrey Georgiana Florence Boyle, daughter of Charles John Boyle and Zacyntha Boyle (née Moore), and had issue - 1. Lionel Hallam, born 7 November 1889, died 6 June 1951 (3rd Baron Tennyson) 2. Alfred Aubrey, born 2 May 1891, killed in action March 1918. 3. Harold Courtenay, born 27 April 1896, killed in action 29 January 1916.
Lady Tennyson died on 7 December 1916. Lord Tennyson married secondly, Mary Emily widow of Andrew Kinsman Hichens, and daughter of Charles Robert Princep, on 27 July 1918 (she died on 20 July 1931). Lord Tennyson died on 2 December 1928.
Lord Tennyson was created K.C.M.G. in 1899 and G.C.M.G. in 1903, and was made a Privy Councillor in 1905.
For additional biographical information, see the London Times of 3 December 1928, p.19, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage, and Knightage and Christopher Cunneen 'The role of Governor-General in Australia, 1901-1927' (PhD, Australian National University, 1973).
Entries are both of a private and official nature, and cover part of Lord Tennyson's term of office as Governor of South Australia, and most of his term as Governor-General. Pinned to pages of the diaries were many letters received, drafts of letters sent, drafts of speeches, memoranda, newspaper cuttings, and a sketch. In order to preserve these items, as well as the diaries themselves, the extra items have been removed and maintained separately. So that the association of the diary entry and any item may not be lost, a note has been placed in the diary at every page from which items have been removed, showing what has been removed. In addition, each item so removed has been provided with a reference to the page and diary from which it was taken. Drafts of letters (and telegrams) occur within the diary entries themselves, and it should be noted that some of the dates on the extra items may be outside the period covered by the diaries themselves.
Indexes to letters received, drafts of letters sent, some of the telegrams and to other miscellaneous material in this series will be found in Appendix 1 (part A and B - under related documents tab).
Many of the despatches are in code, but with translation or paraphrase supplied. The despatches are in long-hand, but typed copies of enclosures have been inserted at appropriate pages. The volume is marked 'Private Despatches' on the spine and 'Secret Despatches' on page 1. The despatches cover a wide variety of official administration, recommendations and comments.
This series was maintained separately by Lord Tennyson and deals with the administrative arrangements relating to the Governor-General's despatches and his private secretary, a matter which led to some friction between Lord Tennyson and Sir Edmund Barton, the Prime Minister of Australia. Some other topics are dealt with in the correspondence.
For an index to this series, see Appendix 2. (under related documents tab) References to the Secretary of the Executive Council and the conduct of the Governor-General's correspondence will also be found in other series, notably Series 3.
For an index to this series, see Appendix 3 (under related documents tab). Additional letters received and sent by Lord Tennyson will be found in Series 5, 17, 20, 21, 24, 38, and 50.
(a) Hutton, Maj.-Gen. Sir Edward The defence and defence power of Australia. Melb., Angus and Robertson . 100 p.
(b) Australia - Parliament House of Representatives. Military forces of the Commonwealth.[Melb.] Govt. Printer, 1902. fo. 8p.
(c) Australia - Parliament. Annual report upon the military forces of the Commonwealth of Australia.Melb.,Govt Printer, 1903. fo. 38p.
(d) Australia - Parliament. Military forces of the Commonwealth - Scheme of organisation ... [Melb.,Govt Printer] 1903. fo. 27p.
(e) Australia - Army. Peace and war establishments of the military forces of the Commonwealth of Australia. [Melb.,Govt Printer] 1902. 31p.
(f) Australia - Army. Tables showing the allotment of the whole of the existing units to the field forces and the garrison troops ...Melb.,Govt Printer, 1903. 20p.
(g) Typescript copy of memorandum: Sir Edward Hutton to the Minister of Defence on the subject of transcontinental railway to Kalgoorlie and its relation to defence, 14 May 1903. fo. 3p.
These are official communications addressed principally to the Colonial Office in Great Britain, to State Governors, and to Commonwealth Prime Ministers and Ministers. Translations are supplied.
This series includes some official communications, but is principally comprised of telegrams relating to personal and domestic affairs.
These telegrams relate to Lord Northcote's arrival in Australia and to certain domestic arrangements between Lord Tennyson and Lord Northcote. Some of the telegrams are in the form of typescript copies, and some drafts are in code (translations supplied).
The drafts are undated and over a variety of occasion. Drafts of other speeches will be found in other series, notably Series 2.
Other material relating to this visit will be found in the drafts of speeches, Series 11.
These have been arranged in order of date of account (or of receipt if account date is not given). In some cases the accounts were already grouped in folders and this arrangement has been preserved, the individual accounts being arranged in the order shown on the outside of the folder.
This series also includes summaries of gas and electricity charges for Government House Sydney and Government House Melbourne for the period 1902-03.
This visitors' book was maintained at Government House Adelaide and Marble Hill (the South Australian summer residence), and at Government House Melbourne and Sydney. It includes periods when Lord Tennyson, as Governor-General, resided at Marble Hill, South Australia.
Comprises 1 volume (18 cm x 23 cm)
This series includes some undated and incomplete letters.
Further drafts and copies of letters sent will be found in other series, notably Series 2. For an index to the letters in this series (i.e. Series 17) see Appendix 4. (under related documents tab)
These cuttings have been mounted on foolscap sheets in the National Library. They were originally maintained by Lord Tennyson in envelopes (and this order has been preserved) which he titled by subject as follows:-
For an index to the correspondence contained in this series, see Appendix 5. (under related documents tab)
For an index to correspondence contained in this series, see Appendix 6. (under related documents tab)
These cuttings were made by press cutting agencies in England, and the items relate to the announcement of Lord Tennyson's appointment as Governor-General. They have been arranged chronologically and then according to the newspaper title. One item relating to the subject of copyright (and dated 24 June 1889) is also included in this series.
This volume contains cuttings relating to Adelaide colleges, cricket descriptions, and other material of a private nature (1 vol., 26cm x 36 x 4cm).
For and index to correspondence contained in this series, see Appendix 7. (under related documents tab)
This volume contains cuttings from English papers relating to Lord Tennyson as Governor-General of Australia. Also included in the volume are telegrams and letters, principally relating to Lord Tennyson's appointment as Governor-General of Australia, covering the period 22 Sep 1902 - 20 Dec 1902 (1 vol., 31cm x 24cm x 2cm).
For and index to items in this series, see Appendix 8. (under related documents tab)
This series includes copies of acts of the South Australian Parliament, regulations made under acts, forms, tables, financial statements and publicity matter.
This series is held by the Pictorial Section.
(a) 2 Photographs of the tablet at the Bluff, Victor Harbour, each 20cm x 28cm, 1902.
(b) Photograph of Encounter Bay looking towards the Bluff, 1902, 21cm x 28cm
(c) Photograph of the causeway, Victor Harbour, 1902, 21cm x 28 cm
(d) Photograph of the breakwater, Victor Harbour, 1902, 21cm x 28cm
(a) Photograph of Flinders' Column, 1902, 21cm x 28cm
(b) Photograph of unveiling tablet on Flinders' Column, 1902, 18cm x 23cm
(c) Photograph of tablet on Flinders' column, 1902, 13cm x 18cm
These passports carry a photograph of Lord and Lady Tennyson.
In 1900 Hallam, 2nd Baron Tennyson presented the sum of £100 to the University of Adelaide to provide medals as awards for English Literature at the Public Examinations. The gift provided for the award of a gold medal for Leaving Honours standard, and silver medals each for Leaving and Intermediate standard examinations. The awards continue to be made.
For an index to items in this series, see Appendix 9.(under related documents tab)
The letters are principally from Joanna Barr Smith, and are largely undated (but 3 are of the year 1909). Further letters from Joanna and Robert Barr Smith will be found in other series in the papers of Lady Tennyson.
For an index to items in this series, see Appendix 10. (under related documents tab)
For an index to items in this series, see Appendix 11. (under related documents tab)
The Queen Victoria Maternity Hospital was suggested by Lady Tennyson, and it was originally intended to call the hospital the Lady Tennyson Home. The death of Queen Victoria led to the suggestion that the Queen's name be used, to which Lady Tennyson agreed. The foundation stone of the building was laid in 1901 by the Duke of Cornwall and York (later King George V), and the hospital was opened by Lady Tennyson in 1902.
For an index to the letters contained in the volume, see Appendix 12. (under related documents tab)
The volume contains correspondence, circular letters, and photographs.
This item accompanied the gift of a necklet to Lady Tennyson by some of her women friends in South Australia. It carries the signatures (or names) of these women.
Some miscellaneous material has been included in the diaries, e.g. theatrical programmes and sports day programmes, and one letter from Diment (?) Farringford Farm, Isle of Wight, to the Hon. Lionel Hallam Tennyson, dated 14 Jan 1902. At the time he maintained these diaries, Alfred Aubrey Tennyson's age ranged from 9 years to 12 years. Most of the entries are devoted, naturally, to children's activities, but references to such topics as reviews and processions may have a wider significance.
The letters in this series give a most detailed account of the life of Lord and Lady Tennyson in Australia, and include comment on Australian life and personalities.
The two letters are dated 30 Jan 1899 and 8 April 1900, and largely personal in content.
These letters are personal and descriptive.
There are personal and descriptive letters. Only one is dated, 5 April 1903.
A number of these letters are in French, and one is in German. The letters are personal and descriptive.
This series includes letters written by Lady Tennyson in Adelaide, Sir John Cockburn (South Australia Agent-General) in London, and Major C. J. Reade and Captain F. H. Howland in South Australia. Zacyntha Boyle, together with her daughter, Lady Tennyson, played some part in providing comforts for South African soldiers in the South African War.
This series also includes some biographical and connecting narrative material - possibly by Lord Tennyson who had made some notes on the original letters of Lady Tennyson. For note on Lady Tennyson's letters by Herbert Warren (?), President of Magdalen College, Oxford, see MS 479/5/1.
For an index to items in this series, see Appendix 13. (under related documents tab)
This series also includes one printed item, viz. Sir Henry Parkes, a pamphlet of 4p. published in Sydney, giving details of his political career. For other Tennyson-Parkes associations, see MS 479/2, diary for 1903, p.21, and MS 479/2/331.