National Library of Australia
View Catalogue Record
The Latham Papers form a very large collection and one that documents in great detail nearly all facets of Sir John Latham's long and varied public career. The collection is strongest for the 45 years extending from his first overseas trip in 1918-1919 to his death in 1964. Nevertheless, there are many papers dating from pre-World War I years. The main gaps in the collection relate to the Liberal Party of 1909-1914, the Navy Office in 1917-1918, constituency affairs after 1925, and Japan in 1940-1941, and there are not many papers on the Boobooks or World War II years. Apart from these subjects, it is a remarkably complete collection. There is a very wide range of papers: correspondence, notes, speeches, diaries, minute books, account books, cuttings, photographs, pamphlets, official publications, invitations, menus, programs, receipts, bills and tourist publications.
Available for research. Not for loan.
Copying and publishing of unpublished manuscript material is subject to copyright restrictions. For such material, written permission to publish must be obtained from the copyright holder(s). Copying of unpublished material for research purposes is permissible 50 years after the death of the creator of the material.
Items from this collection should be cited as '[Title or description of manuscript item], Papers of Sir John Latham, National Library of Australia, MS 1009, [series and item number]'.
The bulk of the collection was presented to the National Library by Sir John Latham in December 1963, a few months before his death.
In November 1974 the Library purchased some further papers from a secondhand book dealer. They comprised family letters and photographs, some diaries and papers relating to the High Court. These papers have been amalgamated into the original collection.
The Latham Papers (with the exception of Series 3 and 4) have been microfilmed (mfm G 28473-28579).
Another large collection of family correspondence is held at MS 6409. It includes correspondence, especially between Sir John and Lady Latham, childhood correspondence of Sir John Latham and also correspondence of Richard, Freda and Peter Latham. There are also family documents, certificates of honours and awards, invitations, photographs and newscuttings.
The collection has been arranged into 82 series by the Library. Series 10-81 relate to specific events, activities, or subjects and contain all the papers that relate exclusively to those matters. Other papers have been, arranged by form in series 1-9, and some miscellaneous papers are in Series 82.
The original finding which was prepared in 1978 was revised and upgraded in 2008.
There is a name index to all the correspondence; please consult staff regarding access to this index.
John Greig Latham was born on 25 August 1877 in Melbourne, the eldest child of Thomas and Janet Latham. He was educated at state schools, Scotch College and the University of Melbourne, where he graduated Bachelor of Arts in 1897. He taught at the Hamilton Academy for two years and then returned to the University to study Law. He graduated Bachelor of Laws in 1902 and was called to the Bar in 1904. He was a part-time lecturer in philosophy at Melbourne University from 1907 to 1910 and a part-time lecturer in law from 1910 to 1920. In 1907 he married Ella Tobin and they had three children, Richard, Freda and Peter.
In the period before World War I Latham was active in many fields. He was captain of the Victorian lacrosse team, he founded the Rationalist Society of Victoria, he was secretary for seven years of the Education Act Defence League, he was the Australian representative of the London newspaper The Standard, he wrote for the Melbourne Argus, and he was involved in the Liberal Party organisation. In 1915 he helped establish the Universal Service League and in 1917 joined the staff of the Navy Office. Latham attended the 1918 Imperial War Conference in London, as an adviser to the Minister for the Navy, Sir Joseph Cook. He was an assistant secretary to the British Empire Delegation to the Peace Conference in Paris in 1919 and was present at the signing of the Peace Treaties at Versailles in June 1919. In 1920 he was awarded the CMG for his wartime services.
Latham returned to Melbourne in September 1919 and resumed his practice at the Bar, becoming a King's Counsel in 1922. He founded the Victorian branch of the League of Nations Union. At the general elections of 1922 he successfully stood as a Progressive Liberal for the Federal seat of Kooyong, which he held for twelve years. He joined the Nationalist Party in 1925 and became Attorney-General in the Bruce-Page Government in December 1925. In 1926 he represented Australia at the League of Nations General Assembly and attended the Imperial Conference. Following the defeat of Bruce in the 1929 elections Latham was elected leader of the Nationalist Party and led the Opposition in the Federal Parliament until April 1931. He then gave up the leadership in favour of J. A. Lyons, their new party being the United Australia Party. The UAP was victorious at the 1931 elections and Latham became Deputy Prime Minister, Attorney-General, Minister for External Affairs and Minister for Industry. He attended the 1932 Disarmament Conference and led the 1934 Australian Goodwill Mission to Far East and South East Asian countries. He retired from politics in 1934 and returned to the Bar. He had been appointed a Privy Councillor in 1933 and in 1935 he received a knighthood.
Latham was appointed Chief Justice of the High Court of Australia in October 1935 and held that office until 1952. He was granted leave in 1940 to become Australia's first Minister to Japan, but returned to Australia in November 1941. As Chief Justice and later as a retired septuagenarian Latham continued to be an office-holder and active participant in numerous organisations. He was Chancellor of Melbourne University, a trustee of the Gowrie Scholarship Trust Fund, Vice-President of the Australian Red Cross Society, a member of the Royal Empire Society, President of the Library Association of Australia, President of the Australian-American Association, President of the Australian Elizabethan Theatre Trust, and President of the Australian Association for Cultural Freedom. In 1956 he led an Australian Goodwill Mission to Formosa.
In 1961, at the age of 84, illness forced Latham to end his association with most of these organisations but he continued to be a prolific reader and letter-writer. Lady Latham died in March 1964. On 25 July 1964 Latham died in Melbourne, after suffering a stroke.
Sir John Latham, Australian Dictionary of Biography Online, http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A100002b.htm
Zelman Cowen, Sir John Latham and other papers, Melbourne : Oxford University Press, 1965
Cecil Edwards, Bruce of Melbourne: man of two worlds, London : Heinemann, 1965
John Williams, John Latham and the Conservative recovery from defeat, 1929-1931, Sydney : Australasian Political Studies Association, 1969
Wherever possible letters have been placed in series relating to specific activities, subjects, events and organisations (Series 10-81). The remaining letters, being of a more general or personal nature, have been placed in this series. It is arranged chronologically and covers the whole of Latham's adult life. However, there are not many letters dating from earlier than 1914, nor are there many dating from World War II. Among the subjects discussed are Latham's overseas trips in 1918-1919 and 1932, his appointment as Attorney-General (1925) and as a Privy Councillor (1933), and his knighthood (1935). The correspondence for the last 15 years of Latham's life is very extensive.
Most of Latham's own letters were typed and the series therefore contains carbon copies of hundreds of his own letters, as well as the letters that he received. Among the people with whom he maintained a long or extensive correspondence were H. W. Allen, Sir Thomas Bavin, Lord Casey, Sir Owen Dixon, J. G. Duncan-Hughes, Thomas P. Dunhill, Sir Frederic Eggleston, Sir Robert Garran, Sir Henry Gullett, B. A. Levinson, J. A. Lyons, Sir Robert Menzies, Walter Murdoch, Sir George Pearce, Sir Arthur Robinson, Sir Percy Spender, and H. A. Standish.
Comprises Items 1-125
Comprises Items 126-243
Comprises Items 244-345
Comprises Items 346-452
Comprises items 453-576a
Includes a letter relating to Latham's appointment as a Companion of the Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George
Comprises Items 577-683
Comprises items 684-858
Comprises Items 859-962
Comprises Items 963-1029
Includes a piece of cloth stamped 'Special constable' and annotated 'Police strike, Melbourne 1923' by Latham
Comprises items 1030-1206
Comprises Items 1207-1283
Comprises Items 1284-1482
Congratulatory messages received on Latham's appointment as Attorney-General in the Federal Government
Comprises Items 1483-1588
Comprises Items 1589-1638
Mainly 1927 correspondence. Includes an extract from the Moe Register and Narracan Shire Advocate, 23 February 1889, on the West Gippsland election
Comprises Items 1639-1773
Comprises Items 1774-1851
Comprises Items 1852-1948a
Comprises Items 1949-2009
Congratulatory letters relating to the award of a Rhodes Scholarship to Latham's son, Richard
Comprises Items 2010-2107
Comprises Items 2108-2183
Comprises Items 2184-2372
Comprises Items 2373-2494
Mainly correspondence relating to the arrangement of financial matters while Latham is overseas
Comprises Items 2495-2574a
Messages of goodwill received at the time of Latham's departure for Europe
Comprises Items 2575-2653
Congratulatory messages received on Latham's appointment to the Privy Council
Comprises Items 2654-3422
Comprises Items 3423-3514
Comprises Items 3515-3906
Congratulatory messages received on Latham's knighthood
Comprises Items 3907-3987
Includes a paper by F. W. Eggleston titled 'Memorandum on the principle of grants'
Comprises Items 3988-4067
Includes a paper titled 'Observations on Mr Eggleston's memorandum on the principle of grants' by Sir Harrison Moore (April 1935)
Comprises Items 4068-4151
Comprises Items 4152-4212
Comprises Items 4213-4273
Congratulatory messages received on Latham's appointment as Chief Justice
Comprises Items 4274-4996
Comprises Items 4997-5023
Comprises items 5024-5085
Comprises Items 5086-5165
Comprises Items 5166-5251
Comprises Items 5252-5380
Comprises Items 5381-5507
Comprises Items 5508-5542
Comprises Items 5543-5599
Comprises Items 5600-5654
Comprises Items 5655-5736a
Comprises Items 5737-5788
Comprises Items 5789-5844
Comprises Items 5845-6238
Comprises Items 6239-6866
Comprises Items 6867-6968
Comprises Items 7506-7908
Comprises Items 7909-7995
Comprises Items 7996-8076
Comprises Items 8077-8152
Comprises Items 8153-8242
Comprises Items 8243-8331
Comprises Items 8332-8404
Comprises Items 8405-8481
Comprises Items 8482-8601
Comprises Items 8602-8741
Comprises Items 8742-8865
Comprises Items 8866-8998
Comprises Items 8999-9150
Comprises Items 9151-9234
Comprises Items 9235-9317
Comprises Items 92318-9418
Comprises Items 9419-9505
Comprises Items 9506-9640
Comprises Items 9641-9683
Comprises Items 9684-9742
Comprises Items 9743-9778
Comprises Items 9779-9837
Comprises Items 9838-9925
Comprises items 9926-9965
Comprises Items 9966-10015
The series contains pocket diaries for the years 1896-1899, 1901-1902, 1906-1909, 1923-1932, 1934-1939 and 1941-1962. The diaries for 1896-1899, when Latham was an undergraduate at the University of Melbourne and a teacher at the Hamilton Academy, are quite detailed and record his reading as well as his various activities. The later diaries mainly contain appointments and some of them were not used for weeks at a time.
When Latham was overseas he usually started a diary and continued it for some days or even weeks. These diaries have been placed in the appropriate series: 1919 Paris Peace Conference (Series 21), 1926 League of Nations Assembly and Imperial Conference (Series 30), 1934 Eastern Mission (Series 58) and 1955 Milan Conference on Cultural Freedom (Series 71). There are also diary notes on the events leading to the withdrawal of the John Brown prosecution in 1929 (Series 38), and on the events leading to the formation of the United Australian Party in 1931 (Series 49).
Contains detailed diary entries
While this diary has a calendar for 1900 in the rear cover it has been overwritten and the dates in the diary indicate it was actually used in 1901. Contains limited appointments and personal expenses
Contains limited appointments (with B. P. H. ?) and personal expenses
Contains limited appointments and personal expenses
Contains mainly personal expenses
1907 notebook containing personal expenses for 1908-1909
Contains limited and irregular entries
Contains brief, irregular entries and some personal expenses
Contains brief, irregular entries mainly for appointments
Contains appointments for the months October-December while overseas in London and some addresses
Contains irregular entries mainly for appointments
Contains brief, irregular entries mainly recording location on specific days e.g. Canberra
Contains brief, irregular entries
Contains brief, irregular entries mainly for appointments and dates of court sittings
Contains limited entries
Most of the specific series (10-81) contain newspaper cuttings dealing with the subject or events covered by the series. In this series are some loose cuttings concerning Latham or subjects that interested him and also the cutting books which he kept for much of his career.
Relating to the Imperial War Conference
Issues of The Socialist (18 and 25 September 1914) and The Times Weekly Edition (31 July and 7 August 1914)
Various issues and extracts from The Argus; The Herald; The Age; and The Maryborough and Dunnolly Advertiser relating to the Armistice and the Peace Treaty
Various issues and extracts from The Argus ; The Herald; and The Age relating to the Armistice and the Peace Treaty
Various issues and extracts from The Argus; The Herald; and The Daily Telegraph relating to the war, the Armistice and the Peace Treaty
Also includes an envelope of cuttings relating to the Armistice and Peace Treaty and miscellaneous invitations and menus
Issues of The Age and The Argus announcing the outbreak of the Second World War
In this large series is an extremely mixed collection of periodicals, pamphlets and reprints, and also a few books. They include pamphlets and articles written by Latham, parliamentary papers and other official publications, legal works, political pamphlets, numerous tourist publications and street maps. There are only one or two issues of most periodicals, but there are longer sets of Round Table (1918-1919), Balkan Review (1919), Pan Pacific Worker (1929-1931), Institute of Public Affairs Review (1947-1951), and International Conciliation (1948-1949).
Whenever possible periodicals and pamphlets have been placed in the appropriate specific series. Box 37 contains publications written by Latham.
Comprises 17 boxes and one folio box.
The series contains theatre and concert programs, invitations and programs for political, legal, academic and other ceremonies, invitations and menus for lunches and dinners, and invitations for a wide range of social functions.
Comprises Items 1-28
Comprises Items 29-53
Comprises Items 54-76
Comprises Items 77-149
Comprises Items 150-170
Comprises Items 171-175
Comprises Items 176-217
Comprises Items 218-226
Comprises Items 227-242
Comprises Item 243
Comprises Items 244-244a
Comprises Items 245-258
Comprises Items 259-277
Comprises Items 278-299
Comprises Items 300-313
Comprises Items 314-327
Comprises Items 328-342
The papers include an account book kept by Latham in 1904-1905, in which he recorded his assets and every item of expenditure. Most of the other papers date from the 1930s and consist of invoices, receipts and rate notices.
Comprises Files 1-3 (Items 1-1274).
The series contains handwritten and typed notes for hundreds of speeches made by Latham, mostly in the period 1930-1960. They are generally dated. In addition, there are some extracts and reprints from Hansard and other printed speeches.
Most of the political series and some other series contain pencilled notes for speeches.
Comprises Items 1-15
Comprises Items 16-23
Comprises Items 24-36
Comprises Items 37-49
Comprises Items 50-65
Comprises Items 66-118
Comprises Items 119-146
Comprises Items 147-152
Comprises Items 153-158
Comprises Items 159-176
Comprises Items 177-202
Comprises Items 203-220
Comprises Items 221-230
Comprises Items 231-297
Apart from some postcards, mostly acquired in 1918-1919, the photographs are of Latham and his friends and colleagues. There is a small album of photographs taken on a camping holiday at Mount Buffalo in 1906-1907, the 1907 Australian lacrosse team, cricket photographs, and many photographs of holidays at Waterfall Farm, near Khancoban.
There are many family photographs in Series 10 and there are also photographs in Series 12, 20, 21, 30, 52, 56, 58, 68, 71 and 75.
Also included are some Christmas cards and copper plates for Latham's name cards (1910s-1920s).
Comprises Items 1-11
Comprises Items 12-51
Comprises Items 52-65
Comprises Items 66-67
Comprises Item 68
Comprises Items 69-71
Included postcards of scenes in England and France and photographs of the Trans-continental Railway (1919)
Comprises Items 72-86
Photographs of a camping trip to Buffalo Mountains
Comprises Item 87
Mainly books of postcards from France. Also includes a portrait of Latham taken in London in October 1918 (Item 90)
Comprises Items 88-96
Comprises Items 97-113
Comprises Items 114-119
Mainly postcards but also includes photographs taken Easter 1917
Comprises Items 120-124
Comprises Items 125-133
Comprises Items 134
Comprises Items 135-144
Includes photographs taken in the Kiewa Valley in 1917
Comprises Items 145-150
Comprises Items 151-156
Comprises Items 157-185
Also includes copper plates for Latham's name cards (1910s-1920s)
Comprises Items 186-193
Comprises Items 194-199
Comprises Item 199a
Comprises Items 200-209. These items were added to the collection in March 1987
This series contains a small collection of Christmas cards received by Latham and his wife in 1936.
Comprises one bag of cards.
This series mainly comprises correspondence between Latham and various members of his family. Where Latham's letters to his family deal entirely with public affairs, such as many of his letters written in 1918-1919, they have been placed in the appropriate series but where they are concerned with private family matters they have been placed in this series.
Latham's mother, Janet Scott, migrated to Australia from the Orkneys, Scotland, and married a tinsmith, Thomas Latham, on 2 March 1876. The first papers are a few letters written to Janet Scott by John Houston referring to mutual friends in the Orkneys (1868-1891). The earliest letters received by J. G. Latham were written by his brothers and cousins, Russell and Ethel Fenton, on his tenth birthday in 1887. There is a small amount of correspondence between Latham and his mother when he was teaching at the Hamilton Academy (1897-1898) and when he was holidaying at Mt. Gambier (1901). There are a few other letters from his mother written shortly before her death in 1912.
Latham married Ella Tobin on 19 December 1907 and there are a great many letters which they wrote to each other over the next fifty years, particularly when Latham was overseas in 1918-1919, 1926, 1941 and 1956. Most of the other family letters date from about 1910 onwards. The correspondents include Latham's father, Thomas, who died in 1938, his brothers Bertram, Leslie and Alan, his sister Elsie, his children Richard, Freda and Peter, his cousins the Fentons, and his English cousins the Greigs. There are not many letters written after 1943.
Apart from the letters of Ella Latham, the largest group of letters were written by Latham's eldest son Richard. They date from 1916 to his death in 1943. Like his father, Richard went to Scotch College and Ormond College at the University of Melbourne. He was President of the Students Representative Council and in 1931 was Victoria's Rhodes Scholar. He studied law at Magdalen College, Oxford, and was elected a Fellow of All Souls' College, Oxford. He lectured in law at Oxford and at King's College, London, and wrote several articles on constitutional law. He travelled widely and was in Spain during the Civil War. He joined the British Foreign Office shortly before the War, but later enlisted with the RAF and became a navigator. His plane was lost on a flight to Norway in 1943. Richard Latham wrote regularly to his mother and fairly frequently to his father right up to his death, and he kept his parents' letters. They provide a detailed record of English political and intellectual life in the 1930s, as well as of Richard's personal affairs.
In addition to the correspondence, the series contains documents, manuscripts, newscuttings, publications and photographs. There are typescript copies of documents concerning the Scott Family; certificates awarded to Richard Latham; manuscripts, speeches and a cutting book (c.1917) of Richard Latham; articles by and obituaries of members of the family in the Australian Intercollegian (1928), Melbourne University Magazine (1928), Victorian Historical Magazine (1938), Golden Jubilee of Ivanhoe Methodist Church (1940), Reveille (1944), and the Medical Journal of Australia (1950); a few cuttings concerning Janet and Richard Latham; an album and photographs, including many of Richard and Freda Latham; and the tributes by the Commonwealth Parliament on the death of Sir John Latham, 11 August 1964.
Includes a wedding invitation and two newscuttings reporting on the wedding of Latham and Ella Tobin
Comprises Items 1-91
Includes three 'gum leaf' letters from Latham's son, Richard, and Billy? (items 291a-291c)
Comprises Items 92-291c
Comprises Items 292-396
Comprises Items 397-520
Comprises Items 521-601
Comprises Items 602-748
Comprises Items 749-800
Comprises Items 801-925
Comprises Items 926-1030
Comprises Items 1031-1150
Comprises Items 1151-1344
Comprises Items 1345-1529
Comprises Items 1530-1678
Comprises Items 1679-1723
Comprises Items 1724-1800
Comprises Items 1801-1903
Comprises Items 1904-2046
Comprises Items 2047-2127
Comprises Items 2128-2200
Includes certicates awarded to Richard Latham from Scotch College (1932-1933) and Oxford University.
Also includes transcripts and photocopies of documents relating to the history of the Scott family (1815-1876)
Comprises Items 2201-2327
Consists of magazines and newscuttings containing biographical information about the Latham family
Comprises Items 2328-2382
Items belonging to Richard Latham including a scrapbook (1917-1921) and manuscript notes and possible speeches
Comprises Items 2383-2456
Mainly Latham family photographs. Limited caption information available
Comprises Items 2457-2484
Comprises Items 2485-2499
Comprises Items 2500-2506
Latham attended State Schools and there is a photograph of his class at the George Street School. He won a scholarship to Scotch College, Melbourne, in 1890 and stayed there for three years. The series contains a small number of school notebooks, exam papers, certificates and newspaper cuttings. Latham was not active in old scholars' activities, but he did keep a number of letters, invitations, menus, and publications concerning Scotch College and the Old Scotch Collegians' Association. The series also has some exam papers and certificates of the Wesleyan Methodist Sunday School, which Latham attended in 1885-1887.
Comprises Files 1-4 (Items 1-196).
Latham matriculated in 1893 and enrolled at the University of Melbourne. He graduated as a Bachelor of Arts in 1897 and as a Master of Arts in 1899. After teaching at Hamilton for two years Latham returned to the University to study law and graduated as a Bachelor of Laws in 1902. He was a tutor in philosophy at Ormond College from 1903-1907, a part-time lecturer in philosophy from 1907-1910, and a part-time lecturer in the Law of Contracts and Personal Property from 1910-1920. Latham was a member of the Council of the University from 1922-1949, Deputy Chancellor from 1935-1939 and Chancellor from 1939-1941. This large series has three major components: Items 1-620 date from the period when Latham was a student and lecturer; Items 621-2360 date mainly from the period when he was a member of the Council; and Items 2120-2360 consist of publications, invitations and newscuttings.
Items 1-620 consist of exam papers and newscuttings; leaflets, letters, photographs, and notes on university societies; Latham's notes for debates; letters, notes and cuttings on Ormond College; notes, newscuttings and publications concerning Victoria's first Rhodes Scholarship in 1904; letters, leaflets and newscuttings concerning the proposal in 1910 to establish a Faculty of Divinity; notes on logic; notes and exam papers on law; general publications; and letters concerning the University before World War I.
Items 621-2119 comprise an extensive correspondence, Council papers and minutes, newspaper cuttings and extracts from publications. The subject matter of the papers includes the proposal to establish a university in Canberra (1927); University finances (1928); the activities of the Extension Board; the functions of the Chancellor and Vice-Chancellor (1935-1937); the report of R. E. Priestley on his survey of overseas universities (1936); the work of the anthropologist Donald Thompson in Arnhem Land; the conflict and debate leading up to the appointment of J. G. Medley as Vice-Chancellor in 1937; the public statement by University staff on the censorship of newspapers (1940); the University and the war effort (1940); proposed changes in the Law curriculum (1944); the Ormond College Appeal (1952); and the University Building Fund (1959). The principal correspondents are Sir James Barrett, Sir John Medley and Sir George Paton.
Mainly relating to annual commencement activities
Comprises Items 1-35
Comprises Items 36-74
Comprises Items 75-108
Comprises Items 109-177
Comprises items 178-293
Comprises Items 294-327
Comprises Items 328-354
Comprises Items 355-369
Comprises Items 370-406
Comprises Items 407-487
Papers relating to Latham's position as part-time lecturer in law
Comprises Items 488-498
Comprises Items 499-509
Comprises Items 510-532
Comprises Items 533-567
Comprises Items 568-582
Comprises Items 583-608
Comprises Items 609-620
Comprises Items 621-690
Comprises Items 691-757
Comprises Items 758-858
Comprises Items 859-958
Comprises Items 959-1042
Comprises Items 1043-1092
Comprises Items 1093-1140
Comprises Items 1141-1240
Comprises Items 1241-1328
Pt 1: USA and Canada: Sections I and II
Comprises Items 1329-1442
Pt 1: USA and Canada: Section III
Comprises Items 1443-1555
Pages 70-207 of a section on universities in Great Britain
Comprises Items 1556-1691
Comprises Items 1692-1739
Comprises Items 1740-1793
Includes papers on University staffing and other administrative matters and career notes on the anthropologist, Donald Thomson
Comprises Items 1794-1885
Comprises Items 1886-1906
Comprises Items 1907-1945
Comprises Items 1946-2018
Comprises Items 2019-2036
Includes material relating to Ormond College and the University Building Fund.
Comprises Items 2037-2077
Includes material relating to the University's voluntary register for national service
Comprises Items 2078-2119
Comprises Items 2120-2142
Comprises Items 2143-2163
Includes issues of The Ormond Chronicle and The Melbourne Graduate
Comprises Items 2164-2230
Includes copies of the University students' handbook (1902 and 1905); issues of the Melbourne University Magazine (1931 and 1932); programs, invitations and other ephemera; and an 1898 photograph of the University Historical Society
Comprises Items 2231-2360b
The series contains correspondence and documents concerning Latham's articled clerkship (1902), his final Bar examination papers, documents concerning his admission to the Bar (1904), and papers on his admission to the New South Wales Supreme Court (1919) and the English Bar (1920, 1926). There is a small amount of correspondence (1914-1935), an index to opinions, copies of opinions (1929-1935), retainers (1915-1935), a notebook entitled 'Fraudulent conveyances', and other papers. Finally there is the transcript of the 1919 High Court case, Public Curator of Queensland v. Davies Brothers Ltd, in which Latham was counsel for the defendants.
Includes correspondence and documents relating to Latham's appointment as an articled clerk and examination papers for his admission to the Bar
Comprises Items 1-79
Includes papers relating to Latham's admission to the NSW Supreme Court and the English Bar
Comprises Items 80-136
Comprises Items 137-160
Transcript of 1919 High Court case between the Public Curator of Queensland and Davies Brothers
Comprises Items 161-291
Comprises Items 292-311
Copies of opinions
Comprises Items 312-389
Comprises Items 390-494
Comprises Items 495-612
Cover sheets of opinions
Comprises Items 613-684
Cover sheets of retainers
Comprises Items 685-810
Comprises Items 811-924
Comprises Items 925-1041
Includes a notebook entitled 'Fraudulent conveyances' (n.d.); notes; a copy of a Supreme Court case (1897) and a financial statement (1918-1919)
Comprises Items 1042-1071
The Victorian Education Act permitted clergymen and lay teachers to give religious instruction in State Schools. The Scripture Instruction Campaign Council sought an amendment of the Act to enable State School teachers to give Scripture lessons as part of the ordinary curriculum, subject to a conscience clause. In 1907, 1910 and 1913 Scripture Referendum Bills were introduced in the Victorian Parliament but the 1907 Bill was abandoned and the other Bills were defeated in the Legislative Assembly in October 1910 and November 1913. The Education Act Defence League was set up in 1907 to oppose the amendment to the Act and it arranged public meetings, circulated leaflets and lobbied parliamentarians. Henry Gyles Turner was President and Latham was Secretary.
The series contains pamphlets, leaflets and other publications of the Education Act Defence League, the Scripture Instruction Campaign Council, the Australian Catholic Truth Society, the Australian Catholic Federation and the Secular Education League, several Irish National School Books publications, and the report of the Royal Commission on Religious Instruction in State Schools in Victoria (1900). Manuscript material includes Latham's drafts of the League's platform, circulars and campaign literature; the League's minute book (1907-1914); a register of members of the League; balance sheets, a receipt book and cheque book; and correspondence, arranged chronologically. The principal correspondents are H. G. Turner, Richard Crouch, J. G. Horne, J. F. Noack and Robert Vickers. Finally, there are newscuttings books and loose newscuttings, including Latham's letters to the press.
Includes articles, leaflets and pamphlets relating to the proposed referendum on scripture instruction in schools and the Education Act Defence League
Comprises Items 1-34
Includes articles, leaflets and pamphlets on the topics of religious instruction and the scripture instruction election campaign
Comprises Items 35-66
Comprises Items 67-120
Includes articles, leaflets and pamphlets on the topic of secular education (including religious instruction) and the scripture instruction election campaign
Comprises Items 121-157
Copies of Irish scripture books entitled Scripture lessons. Volumes are from the old and new testaments
Comprises Items 158-162
Royal Commission held in Victoria
Comprises Item 163
Material produced by the Education Act Defence League
Comprises Items 164-216
Includes minute book of the Education Act Defence League
Comprises Items 217-217p
Comprises Item 218
Includes a cheque book, bank book, invoices and receipts
Comprises Items 219-256
Comprises Items 257-355
Comprises Items 356-457
Comprises Items 458-539
Comprises Items 540-640
Comprises Item 641
Comprises Item 642
Comprises Items 643-742
The Boobooks were a group of Melbourne academics and professional men who dined and argued together every month or so. The first meeting was in November 1902 when B. A. Levinson and F. W. Eggleston called together fifteen friends at the Old Mitre Tavern to hear Bernard O'Dowd give a paper on 'Democracy and the Poet'. Latham, the first secretary, was for a time Arch-Boobook, and was still a member at the time of his death.
This small series includes a paper read by Latham in June 1903 on the philosophy of Goethe's Faust, some Boobook verse, including 'The masque of the Boobooks' (1912, 1958), minutes and notices of meetings, dinner menus, and correspondence with the secretaries H. W. Allen and G. L. Wood. There are many references to the Boobooks in Series 1 and other series.
Comprises Files 1-2 (Items 1-78).
In January 1908 Latham became the Melbourne representative of the London newspaper, The Standard, and wrote regular articles on Australian affairs. In May 1908 The Standard began publishing a weekly supplement, The Standard of Empire, containing cables received from the British dominions and colonies. Due to the pressure of his legal work Latham ceased to write cables after a few months, but he continued to write articles for The Standard until May 1909. In the first part of the series are Latham's cable books (May-July 1908), notes for articles and cables, Australian press comments on The Standard and its relations with the Deakin Government, and Latham's correspondence with the editor, E. A. Gwynne, and with government departments and organisations, seeking information for articles. There are also copies of Latham's articles on Australian naval policy, Deakin's defence scheme, the Income Tax Case appeal in the Privy Council, and the Queensland elections.
The papers in the latter part of the series relate to The Trident, a monthly magazine published in Melbourne between April 1908 and March 1909. The editorial staff consisted of Latham, Walter Murdoch, A. T. Strong, Bernard O'Dowd, B. A. Levinson and H. H. Champion. The papers include an agreement between the editors and the publisher, T. A. Lothian, an agreement between the editors on the sharing of profits, financial accounts, and correspondence, mainly with Lothian.
Comprises Files 1-2 (Items 1-512).
In August-October 1915 a Universal Service League was established in the various states to press for universal compulsory military service, to secure the necessary legislation, and to support the Government by providing the organisation to implement the policy. Latham and O. Masson were the secretaries of the Victorian branch.
This small series contains printed items such as the manifesto of the League, lists of New South Wales officers, and a pamphlet written by Latham and A. T. Strong entitled A proposal for national service. Typescript material includes the League's platform, a paper entitled 'A proposal for national service for war purposes', and lists of members. The correspondence mostly dates from 1915, the main correspondent being T. R. Bavin, the secretary of the New South Wales branch. Finally, there are some newscuttings.
Comprises Files 1-4 (Items 1-80).
Latham enlisted for home service in the 53rd (Glenferrie) Regiment and in August 1915 he was appointed a lieutenant. In May 1917 he transferred to the Royal Australian Naval Brigade on a full-time basis. He was made an honorary lieutenant commander and was engaged in intelligence work. He was based at the Navy Office in Melbourne.
Items 1-62 relate to Latham's military service and comprise copies of the Commonwealth Gazette, newscuttings, a few letters, district orders, tactical exercises, reports, military handbooks and training manuals, and a small number of photographs. Items 63-121 relate to the Navy Office. There is correspondence concerning Latham's appointment and service (April 1917-September 1919), including a letter from Sir William Creswell, a diary kept by Latham in July 1917 and notes on intelligence work in October 1917, a few memoranda, and papers on the AIF Education Service (1918).
Comprises Files 1-8 (Items 1-121).
The Round Table Group was formed in Britain in 1909 to organise influential citizens in Britain and the dominions to discuss the Empire and its future. The journal Round Table commenced publication in 1911, each issue containing anonymous articles about each of the dominions. In 1910 Lionel Curtis and John Dove visited Australia to promote the formation of local groups.
Most of the papers in this small series date from the years 1916-19, with a few letters from later years. They include notices of meetings, correspondence, articles, notes, a report of the activities of the Australian Round Table in 1917, and minutes of conferences of Round Table groups in July 1917 (Melbourne), September 1919 (Melbourne) and May 1921 (Sydney). Latham attended meetings of the London group in 1918 and there is correspondence concerning Britain's failure to consult the dominions about the terms of the Armistice in November 1918. The correspondents include R. Coupland, Philip Kerr, L. Curtis, Isabel Fussel, and T. H. Laby. There are notes on the freedom of the seas and notes by W. Harrison Moore and W. Jethro Brown on the alteration of the Australian Constitution. The articles deal with White Australia, Australia and the South Pacific (1921), the institute of Pacific Relations (1925) and the defence of Australia (1935).
Comprises Files 1-2 (Items 1-179).
In April 1918 Latham left Australia to attend the Imperial War Conference in London as the adviser to the Minister for the Navy, Sir Joseph Cook. The Conference, chaired by Walter Long, the Secretary of State for the Colonies, commenced on 12 June 1918 and closed on 27 July 1918. The Australian delegation arrived on 17 June 1918. The Australian delegates, the Prime Minister, W. M. Hughes, and Cook, and Latham and R. R. Garran, the Solicitor-General attended all the meetings. As in 1917, the Imperial War Cabinet met on alternate days to those of the Conference. Hughes represented Australia in the Imperial War Cabinet. Its meetings ended on 20 August 1918 but the Australian delegation decided to remain in England. In October 1918 the Imperial War Cabinet was summoned again and its meetings continued until December 1918. Latham was present at some of its meetings.
Items 1-434 consist of printed papers relating to the Imperial War Conference and also the Imperial War Cabinet, beginning with the list of subjects suggested by the various governments (June 1918). There are memoranda prepared for the Conference on the following subjects: Imports and Exports (Temporary Control) Bill, Committee on Imperial Meat Resources, Imperial War Graves Commission, Emigration Bill, control of shipping, nationality and naturalization, Non Ferrous Metal Industry Act, enemy debts, Empire Cotton Growing Committee, dye manufacturing industry, German pronouncements on economic policy, Trade Commissioner Service, Imperial News Service, Imperial Statistical Bureau, Imperial Bureau of Mycology, Imperial Court of Appeal, and reciprocity of treatment between India and the dominions. These are followed by draft resolutions; final resolutions; publication of British Empire Producers' Organizations; minutes of the Conference (incomplete); and proceedings of the Conference. In addition, there are published speeches of David Lloyd George and Lord Curzon and the minutes of a few meetings of the Imperial War Cabinet (June, December 1918).
Items 435-586 consist of manuscript material. They include Australian memoranda on the Pacific and Australia's claim to the German islands, memoranda written by Latham for Cook, notes for speeches, notes on demobilisation, double income tax and the fate of the Kaiser. There are also cables received by the Australian High Commission (July-August 1918), notes on Australian Imperial Forces and Cook's visit to AIF units and court martial statistics, instructions of the 15th Australian Infantry Brigade (August 1918), and programs of visits, addresses and miscellaneous notes by Latham. Items 587-865 consist of correspondence (April-December 1918). There are circular letters written by Latham to his friends (20 June, 23 July, 16 October 1918), describing inter alia his visits to France, and a circular letter which he drafted for Cook (2 September 1918). There are letters of introduction from Harrison Moore, Gilbert Rigg and W. J. Schutt. The correspondence between Latham and friends and relatives in Australia, friends serving in the AIF, and acquaintances in England gives his general impressions of the military situation and describe his hectic official and social life, but there are few references to the Conference. Many of the letters are invitations to dinner or to join clubs. The correspondents include Bertram Latham, R. H. Gregory, H. W. Allen, E. Thring, F. Eggleston, T. P. Dunhill and Marion Phillips.
The last part of the series contains a large collection of invitations, programs, menus, tourist and other publications, accounts and receipts, Latham's passport, photographs of Cook and Latham, drawings, and newscuttings concerning the War, the Imperial Conference, speeches of Hughes and Cook, and peace negotiations.
Comprises Items 1-17
Comprises Items 18-64
Comprises Items 65-123
Comprises Items 124-188
Comprises Items 189-194
Comprises Items 195-255
Comprises Items 256-268
Publication entitled Extracts from minutes of proceedings and papers laid beore the conference
Comprises Items 269-270
Comprises Items 271-274
Includes a speech by Earl Curzon of Kedleston, a statement by the Prime Minister, Lloyd George and a transcript of parliamentary debate about the war (10 June 1918)
Comprises Items 275-307
Comprises Items 308-433
Comprises Items 434-457
Comprises Items 458-485
Comprises Items 486-504
Includes notes on the Australian Imperial Force, court martial statistics and a biographical note on Joseph Cook
Comprises Items 505-537
Comprises Items 538-576
Comprises Items 577-586
Comprises Items 587-662
Inlcudes photographs of unidentified aeroplane parts
Comprises Items 663-738
Comprises Items 739-801
Comprises items 802-865
Comprises Items 910-968
Includes invitations, menus, programs, pamphlets and an English ration book
Comprises Items 969-977
Includes invitations, menus, programs and pamphlets
Comprises Items 978-1047
Comprises Items 1048-1116
Comprises Item 117
Comprises Items 1118-1161
Includes maps, postcards, programs and souvenir booklets
Comprises Items 1162-1205
Mainly travel guides, postcards and souvenir booklets
Comprises Items 1206-1285
Comprises Items 1286-1309
Comprises Items 1310-1339
Comprises Items 1340-1353
The Peace Conference began on 12 January 1919 with a meeting of the Supreme War Council, now called the Council of Ten (representing the United States, France, Britain, Italy and Japan). It agreed that the British Empire should have 14 representatives at the Peace Conference, including two from Australia. Hughes and Cook were the Australian representatives. Latham was an assistant secretary to the British Empire Delegation, the Secretary being Sir Maurice Hankey. The Peace Conference was a complex affair. The plenary Conference held only six sessions. The most important decisions were taken by the Council of Ten, and later the Council of Four (the United States, France, Britain and Italy). Lloyd George represented Britain, and the Australian delegates could influence him at the regular meetings of the British Empire Delegation. The Australian delegates were present when the Council of Ten considered the future of the German colonies and Latham was one of the authors of the system of classified mandates adopted by the Conference. Commissions were set up to frame the sections of the Peace Treaty dealing with the League of Nations, the International Labour Office, reparations and other matters. Cook was a member of the Czechoslovakian Commission and Latham was one of its secretaries. The draft peace terms were submitted to Germany on 7 May 1919. Following memoranda of protest, some changes were made and the Treaty of Peace was signed at the Palace of Versailles on 28 June 1919. The Australian delegates immediately returned to Australia, reaching Melbourne on 30 August 1919.
The first part of this large series (Items 1-1283) contains a great deal of printed material. It includes the General Scheme of the Treaty of Peace, the Conditions of Peace, the observations of the German delegation on the conditions of peace (May 1919), the note from Count Brockdorff-Rantzau on the responsibility for the War (28 May 1919), the reply and summary of the reply made by the Allies to the German comments. There are agenda of the Supreme War Council, minutes of the Supreme War Council (17 June 1919), minutes of the Council of Five (24 January-3 June 1919), minutes of a meeting of Foreign Ministers (18-19 June 1919), minutes of the League of Nations Commission (11 April 1919), minutes of the Commission on German Colonies (24-25 April 1919) minutes of the Commission on Czechoslovakian Affairs (28 February-13 March 1919), minutes of the Under-Commission on Frontiers (1-13 March 1919), and reports and notes prepared by the Commission on Czechoslovakian Affairs. These are followed by a list of the British Empire Delegation and staff, the minutes of a few meetings of the British Empire Delegation (27 January-10 June 1919) and the British Empire Delegation papers on prisoners of war, the International Labour Convention, the German attitude to the League of Nations, Admiralty policy in relation to the Peace Settlement, the Sarre Basin, reparations, the treatment of German religious missions, German property abroad, German colonies, and the economic clauses of the Treaty. Finally, there are the Australian Parliamentary Papers on the Peace Treaties (1919-21).
The second part of the series (Items 1284-1408) consists of memoranda on the German colonies in the Pacific. They include: 'The British case with reference to the captured German colonies' (January 1919), 'Memorandum regarding the Pacific Islands' by W. M. Hughes (8 February 1919), 'Mandates', 'New Hebrides', 'Memorandum on mandates' by Lord Milner (8 March 1919), memorandum for the War Cabinet on the German Colonies by W. L. Long and 'Some further remarks on the German colonies' by Lord Curzon (25 July 1918). Several memoranda were written by Latham: 'Australia and the German Islands' (5 December 1918), 'Australia's claim to the German Islands' (19 December 1916), 'The case against internationalisation of the Pacific Islands south of the Equator' (25 January 1919), 'Control by a mandatory state of certain German colonies: a criticism' (27 January 1919) and 'Mandatory system and the German Pacific Islands' (21 February 1919).
There is a notebook kept at the Conference and a fairly detailed diary kept during February 1919 (Item 1409). The series also contains a small amount of correspondence (Items 1412-1459), including letters that Latham wrote to his wife and to Admiral Sir William Creswell. They mostly give general impressions of the Conference, the signing of the Peace Treaty, dinners, concerts and tours of Paris and the French countryside.
Finally, there are menus, programs, passes, financial papers, newscuttings, books, pamphlets and maps which Latham collected during 1919, mostly on political questions but some of a tourist nature. There is a large set of handbooks (Items 2073-2242) issued by the Historical Section of the British Foreign Office in 1919.
Comprises Items 1-77
Comprises Items 78-82
Comprises Item 83
Comprises Items 84-315
Comprises Items 316-358
Includes roneoed report 'Observations of the German delegation on the conditions of peace' and a copy of Reply of the Allied and Associated Powers to the observations of the German delegation on the conditions of peace
Comprises Items 359-547
Comprises Items 548-631
Includes an address delivered by Latham on 23 October 1919 entitled The significance of the Peace Conference from an Australian point of view
Comprises Items 632-640
Comprises Items 641-782
Comprises Items 783-824
Comprises Items 825-867
Comprises Items 868-881
Inlcudes copies of a report submitted to the Supreme Council by the Committee on Czechoslovakian Questions,
Comprises Items 882-907
Comprises Items 908-981
Comprises Items 982-1035
Comprises Items 1036-1038
Comprises Items 1039-1091
Includes a copy of Summary of Admiralty policy in relation to the Peace Settlement (January 1919)
Comprises Items 1092-1142
Comprises Items 1143-1180
Comprises Items 1181-1218
Comprises Items 1219-1283
Also includes a memorandum by W. M. Hughes 'Australia and the Pacific Islands'
Comprises Items 1284-1340
Comprises Items 1341-1408
Comprises Items 1409-1410
Comprises Items 1411-1460
Comprises Items 1461-1518
Includes Latham's pass for attendance at the Peace Conference and ticket for the signing of the Peace Treaty
Comprises Items 1519-1535
Includes a series of photographs of the conference delegates
Comprises Items 1536-1566
Comprises Items 1567-1638
Comprises Items 1639-1722
Comprises Items 1723-1737
Comprises Items 1738-1752
Comprises Items 1753-1761
Comprises Items 1762-1790
Comprises Items 1791-1819
Includes issues of Daily Review of the Foreign Press
Comprises Items 1820-1863
Comprises Items 1864-1899
Comprises Items 1900-1906
Comprises Items 1907-1934
Comprises Items 1935-1948
Comprises Items 1949-1990
Includes complete issues of magazines such as the Illustrated London News, Country Life, L'Illustration, The Graphic and The Sphere
Comprises Items 1991-2002, 2004 and 2007-2011. Within these ranges some items are missing or the item numbers have not been used
This piece has been transferred to Series 25, Piece 48
Originally Item 2003. New Item number is 3730
Poster produced in 1923 when Cook's journal was purchased by the Commonwealth National Library. This item has been transferred to Series 25, Piece 49
Originally Items 2005-2006. New Item numbers 3731-3732
Mainly relating to the Peace Conference
Comprises Items 2012-2025
Comprises Items 2026-2038
Mainly country reports in relation to the Peace Conference
Comprises Items 2039-2051
Comprises Item 2052
Includes a copy of Unguarded Australia: a plea for immigration by H. S. Gullett and issues of The Little Review (1917-1918)
Comprises Items 2053-2072
Comprises Items 2073-2079
Comprises Items 2080-2092
Comprises Items 2093-2105
Comprises Items 2106-2117
Comprises Items 2118-2128
Comprises Items 2129-2146
Comprises Items 2147-2161
Comprises Items 2162-2174
Comprises Items 2175-2186
Comprises Items 2187-2204
Comprises Items 2205-2217
Comprises Items 2218-2229
Comprises Items 2230-2242
The first items in the series are Latham's pamphlet The significance of the PeaceConference from an Australian point of view (Melbourne, 1920), and Percy Deane's pamphlet Australia's rights: the fight at the Peace Table. They are followed by typescript notes on the Peace Conference, including 'The effect of the Peace Treaty upon Imperial relations' and 'The Peace Conference at work' and handwritten notes for many speeches on the Conference which Latham delivered between 1919 and 1925.
Most of the correspondence dates from 1919-1921 and is concerned with the publication and reception of Latham's pamphlet and the addresses that he gave to various clubs and societies. There is also correspondence with E. L. Piesse on Japanese opposition to the New Guinea mandate (1920); with Clement Jones on the role of the Dominions at the Conference, especially in relation to the mandates (1920), and with C. E. W. Bean concerning the Official War History (1934-1936).
The series also contains miscellaneous documents used by Piesse in 1920, articles by Latham in the Melbourne University Magazine (July 1920) and Both Sides (October 1920), notices of meetings addressed by Latham, and newscuttings (1919-1920).
Comprises Files 1-7 (Items 1-173). Newscuttings in Folder 7 have not been assigned item numbers.
In February 1921 Latham, F. W. Eggleston and J. W. Colville called a meeting in Melbourne to consider steps to make the objects and nature of the League of Nations known to the Australian people. Latham had already been in correspondence with the League of Nations Union in London. He was elected first President of the Victorian branch of the League of Nations Union and held that office until 1925.
Publications in the series include the Covenant of the League of Nations, S. M. Bruce's report on the second General Assembly (September-October 1921), the report of the Australian delegation to the fourth General Assembly (September 1923), papers prepared for the fifth General Assembly (August 1924), and miscellaneous publications of the League. There are also notices of meetings of the League of Nations Union and other organisations at which Latham spoke about the League.
The minutes of the second annual League of Nations Union Conference at Melbourne (May 1923) are followed by correspondence with T. R. Bavin concerning the formation of the League of Nations Union in Sydney and with the League of Nations Secretariat in Geneva. There are also letters about meetings and publications of the League. Most of the correspondence dates from 1921-24, with very little after 1927. There are also handwritten notes for speeches on the League and newscuttings on the 1926 General Assembly.
Series 30 also contains material on the League of Nations. The records of the Victorian branch of the League of Nations Union are held in the National Library (MS 2198).
Includes a copy of the Covenant of the League of Nations ; Bruce's speech and various parliamentary papers containing reports on the League of Nations
Comprises Items 16-20
Inlcudes leaflets advertising meetings and lectures
Comprises Items 21-41
Comprises Items 42-49
Comprises Items 50-113
Comprises items 114-175
Comprises Items 176-229
Cuttings have not been assigned item numbers
At the Federal election of December 1922 Latham won the Melbourne seat of Kooyong. He stood as an Independent Liberal, supported by the Liberal Union, in opposition to the sitting Nationalist Member, Sir Robert Best. The election resulted in the Country Party holding the balance of power and after long negotiations, in which Latham took an active part, W. M. Hughes resigned as Prime Minister and a coalition Government was formed, headed by S. M. Bruce and Earle Page.
The series contains correspondence dating from October 1922-March 1923 organising campaign meetings and the distribution of leaflets, discussing issues with pressure groups, wishing Latham success and congratulating him on his victory. The pressure groups include the Liberal Union, the Single Purpose League, the Returned Soldiers and Sailors Imperial League, the Navy League, the Proportional Representation Society, the Australian Railways Union, and the Victorian Protestant Federation.
Other papers comprise a return of electoral expenses, handwritten notes for speeches, a book containing the names of canvassers and officers of organisations in the Kooyong Electorate, lists of helpers and meetings, two books containing press cuttings and leaflets, and a few loose newscuttings from Melbourne newspapers.
Comprises Files 1-9 (Items 1-425b). Newscuttings in Folder 9 have not been assigned item numbers.
This large series contains Latham's correspondence with his constituents and letters which he received in his capacity as a parliamentarian. Most of the papers date from the period when he was a backbencher (1923-1925). Papers which he wrote or received in his capacity as a Minister are contained in Series 27-42, 44, 52-58, and other political papers are in Series 24, 26, 43, 45-46, 48-51 and 59.
The letters and other papers are arranged chronologically, with replies and follow-up letters attached to the initial letters. Many of the letters are concerned with constituents' grievances, meetings and functions in the electorate, the distribution of Hansards, and the needs and views of a wide range of pressure groups. There is extensive correspondence on the following subjects: import duties on chemical apparatus and chemicals required by universities, tax assessment, repatriation benefits, defence, High Court salaries, industrial relations, payment of women in the Public Service, letter deliveries, the Victorian police strike of 1923, applications for War Service homes, the work of the Repatriation Commission, wireless regulations, the Budget, customs, cancer research, and the design of the National War Memorial. The final papers include invitations, notes and other souvenir material relating to the opening of Parliament House in Canberra in May 1927.
Comprises Items 1-65
Comprises Items 66-142
Comprises Items 143-248
Comprises Items 249-394
Comprises Items 395-484
Comprises Items 485-568
Comprises Items 569-662
Comprises Items 663-727
Comprises Items 728-817
Comprises Items 818-924
Comprises Items 925-1036
Comprises Items 1037-1161
Comprises Items 1162-1254
Comprises Items 1255-1369
Comprises Items 1370-1487
Comprises Items 1488-1602
Comprises Items 1603-1733
Comprises Items 1734-1852
Comprises Items 1853-1945
Comprises Items 1946-2044
Comprises Items 2045-2169
Comprises Items 2170-2284
Comprises Items 2285-2373
Comprises Items 2374-2465
Comprises Items 2466-2543
Comprises Items 2544-2573
Comprises Items 2574-2600
Comprises Items 2601-2672
Comprises Items 2673-2741
Comprises Items 2742-2794
Comprises Items 2795-2840
Comprises Items 2841-2896
Comprises Items 2897-2932
Comprises Items 2933-2997
Comprises Items 2998-3024
Comprises Items 3025-3102
Comprises Items 3103-3190
Comprises Items 3191-3279
Comprises Items 3280-3320
Comprises Items 3321-3360
Comprises Items 3361-3451
Includes a letter written in January 1925
Comprises Items 3452-3557
Comprises Items 3558-3589
Comprises Items 3590-3681
Comprises Items 3682-3704
Includes program, maps, railway passes and a souvenir booklet
Comprises Items 3705-3720
Includes program, notes and a souvenir booklet
Comprises Items 3721-3729
Previously held in Series 21, Folder 36b (Item 2003)
Comprises Item 3730
Poster produced in 1923 when Cook's journal was purchased by the Commonwealth National Library. Previously held in Series 21, Folder 36c (Items 2005-2006)
Comprises Items 3731-3732
On 14 November 1925 the Bruce-Page Government was returned to power with an increased majority. Latham had joined the Nationalist Party a few months earlier.
The series contains leaflets, pamphlets, a notebook and notes for speeches, correspondence, a book listing Party helpers in the Kooyong electorate, a chart setting out the Party organisation in the electorate, lists of helpers and meetings, and a few newscuttings. The correspondence deals with the organisation of the campaign in Kooyong, the arrangement of meetings, publicity, the Prime Minister's views on the progress of the campaign (26 October 1925), and the views of pressure groups, including the Victorian Protestant Federation, the Australian Industries Protection League, the National Council of Women and the Musicians' Union of Australia. There are also letters and telegrams wishing Latham success and congratulating him on his victory.
Comprises Files 1-9 (Items 1-343). Newscuttings in Folder 9 have not been assigned item numbers.
On 18 December 1925 Latham took up office as Attorney-General in the Bruce-Page Government. His first task was to draft legislation to deal with the serious maritime strikes and threats to essential services which had occurred throughout 1925. An attempt by the Government to deport Tom Walsh and Jacob Johnson, leaders of the Seamen's Union, had been blocked by the High Court in November 1925. Latham introduced a Crimes Bill in Parliament in January 1926 and it was passed in March 1926.
This small series has copies of the 1926 Crimes Bill, heavily annotated by Latham, copies of his second reading speech, notes on the 1925 Peace Officers Act, many handwritten notes for his speech on the Crimes Bill, a memorandum on deportation and a typescript entitled 'The Communist menace in Australia'. There are also articles on Communism and the Seamen's Union taken from the London Times, The Argus, The Age, Daily News, Workers Weekly and Worker (1925-1928) and issues of The Communist, The Young Communist Workers Weekly, and Australian Communist (1920-1925).
Comprises Files 1-6 (Items 1-247).
As Attorney-General Latham was responsible for the administration of the Commonwealth Conciliation and Arbitration Act and the Industrial Peace Act. He introduced the 1927 Conciliation and Arbitration Bill which was passed by Parliament in 1928 and which included many significant amendments to the original Act. Further papers on industrial relations can be found in Series 27, 29, 33, 36, 37, 38, 39, 43 and 45.
This large series commences with several printed papers (Items 1-69) including the 1925 report on industrial relations in Australia (unsigned, but written by W. Harrison Moore and E. C. Dyason), the report of the Industrial Delegation to the United States in 1925, the 1926 New South Wales Industrial Arbitration (Amendment) Act, the 1904-1926 Commonwealth Conciliation and Arbitration Act, Regulations made under the Act, the 1927 Conciliation and Arbitration Bill, leaflets attacking the Bill, the Single Purpose League's The curse of compulsory arbitration, H. Belshaw's Memorandum to the National Industrial Conference (27 March 1928), A. H. Tocker's Lecture on compulsory arbitration (2 February 1928), and issues of the Constitutionalist and the Employers Monthly Review.
They are followed by some typescript papers (Items 70-170) including Latham's 'Some observations upon the tariff and the Arbitration Act' (17 December 1926), 'The Arbitration Bill' (1927), notes on the Chamber of Manufactures deputation on the Arbitration Act (29 May 1927), notes by various people on the 1927 Arbitration Bill, a memorandum concerning the 1926 referendum and the 1927 Arbitration Bill, notes on the 1928 Arbitration Act, notes on Munden's report on the observance of Arbitration Court awards, notes on the secret ballot (28 May 1928) and on the powers of the Arbitration Court in relation to overseas ships (18 August 1928). There are a few Cabinet papers, such as 'Strike and lockout penalties in the Arbitration Act' (August 1927), 'Arbitration Bill: points for further consideration' (5 November 1927), 'Arbitration Court and the economic effects of awards' (28 May 1928) and 'Industrial legislation and penalties' (28 April 1929). There are also a volume of notes written by Latham during the debates on the 1928 Arbitration Bill, notes for a speech on the Bill, and notes from the industrial Registrar, A. Stewart.
The correspondence (Items 397-584) dates from May 1925-October 1929. It includes a copy of a letter from Justice Powers to Sir Littleton Groom recommending changes in the Arbitration Act (May 1925) and suggestions on amendments to the Act in 1927-1928 by the Industrial Registrar, the Advisory Committee of Employers, the Stockowners Association, the Victorian Employers Federation, the Metal Trades Employers Association, and the Australasian Council of Trade Unions. In most cases Latham's replies have been retained and there is also his draft reply to the Australian Workers Union concerning the proposed Industrial Peace Conference (March 1928).
Finally, there is a large collection of newscuttings, mostly dating from December 1921-May 1929. The majority are from the Argus, Age and Herald and the subjects include working hours, trade union conferences, the Australian Labor Party's industrial policy, the Industrial Peace Conference, the 1928 Arbitration Act, employer opposition to compulsory arbitration, and industrial disputes.
Comprises Items 1-5
Comprises Items 6-15b
Comprises Items 16-69
Comprises Items 70-193
Comprises Items 194-252
Comprises Items 253-298
Comprises items 299-396
Comprises Items 397-451
Comprises Items 452-498
Comprises Items 499-539
Comprises Items 540-584
Newscuttings have not been assigned item numbers
In May 1926 the Bruce-Page Government announced that it would hold two referenda to seek constitutional amendments to give the Commonwealth greater powers to regulate industry and industrial relations and to control essential services in times of emergency. During the campaign it became apparent that all the political parties, the employers and the trade unions were deeply divided towards the proposed amendments relating to industrial regulation. The referenda were held on 4 September 1926 and on both questions the Government suffered defeat.
Printed items in the series include the booklet setting out the Government's proposals, a speech by S. M. Bruce on the amendments (11 August 1926), T. R. Ashworth's The industry and commerce referendum, and Latham's address to the Victorian Chamber of Manufacturers (21 July 1926). There are typescript extracts from speeches by Bruce, notes on Sir Arthur Robinson's speech (7 July 1926), a press statement (12 July 1926), explanatory memoranda, draft circulars, and notes on Owen Dixon's opinion (2 July 1926). The newscuttings (22 May-3 August 1926) are mostly from the Age and Argus.
Comprises Files 1-4 (Items 1-160). Newscuttings in Folders 3-4 have not been assigned items numbers.
In August 1926 Latham left Australia to attend the seventh General Assembly of the League of Nations at Geneva. He afterwards travelled to London to appear in a Privy Council case and his visit coincided with the 1926 Imperial Conference, at which Australia was represented by S. M. Bruce and Sir Neville Howse. Latham returned to Australia in February 1927.
In this series there are firstly notes, mostly handwritten, for speeches at the General Assembly or dealing with the League, a diary listing appointments (September-December 1926), and rough diary notes. They are followed by the text of debates, journal, and verbatim record of the General Assembly (6-25 September 1926), the report of the Australian delegation (December 1926), some of the papers and reports prepared for the Assembly, and the minutes of the First and Third Committees. There are two letters, one written to Bruce (11 September 1926) and one to Ella Latham (23 November 1926). The later papers in the series consist of Australian and British newscuttings, lists of engagements, invitations, dinner plans, photographs, leaflets, and summaries of the proceedings of the 1923 and 1926 Imperial Conferences.
Comprises Item 1
Comprises Items 2-150
Comprises Item 151
Comprises Item 152
Comprises Item 153
Comprises Item 154
Comprises Items 155-155a
Various committee reports
Comprises Items 156-189
Comprises Items 190-245
Includes minutes of the First and Third Committees
Comprises Items 246-255
Comprises Items 256-266
Comprises Items 267-269
Comprises Items 270-370
Comprises Items 371-384
Comprises Items 385-400
Comprises Items 401-432
Comprises Items 433-459
Comprises Items 460-488
Comprises Items 489-505
This series contains many printed papers collected by Latham, including speeches by Earle Page, S. M. Bruce and Latham on the Budgets of 1925-1926, 1926-1927 and 1927-1928 and the 1926 and 1927 States Grants Bills, the report of the 1925 Royal Commission on the Finances of Western Australia as affected by Federation (Chairman: W. G. Higgs), Budget papers and other parliamentary papers, speeches by Page on the 1927 Financial Agreement, an address by Russell Cooke on Australian finance (December 1927), Sir William McPherson's Reasons for voting against the financial agreements, and a paper on the establishment of a common sinking fund for the repayment of the internal and external debts of the Australian States. There are also rough drafts of the 1927 Financial Agreement, a proposed scheme for the transfer of State debts, notes on surplus and tax revenue, papers on per capita payments, and financial tables. Finally, there are a few cuttings and some letters from Sir Edward Mitchell, Sir Alexander Peacock, F. W. Eggleston and others dealing with public finance.
Comprises Files 1-6 (Items 1-206). Newscuttings in Folder 6 have not been assigned item numbers.
Child endowment was first introduced by the Lang Government in New South Wales in 1927 and became a contentious issue in both State and Federal politics. This small series contains Acts, Bills, the report of the 1927 Premiers' Conference, and statements by the Victorian Chamber of Manufacturers, T. R. Bavin, Sir Thomas Henley, and A. B. Piddington. There are also handwritten notes by Latham on child endowment, draft terms of reference for a Royal Commission on child endowment, notes on the proposed Royal Commission, typescript memoranda on child endowment (February-March 1927), statistics prepared for the 1927 Premiers Conference, and a few newscuttings.
Comprises Files 1-3 (Items 1-1180).
At the general election held on 17 November 1928 the coalition parties lost eight seats but retained power. This small series contains booklets and leaflets, including S. M. Bruce's policy speech and Facts about the Bruce-Page Government, a roneoed copy of a speech delivered by Latham at Hawthorn (17 October 1928), notes on polling booths and the number of electors in the Kooyong electorate, and notes for speeches, dealing particularly with the Financial Agreement, migration, industrial relations, and the 1928 Arbitration Act. There are also a few letters, including one by Latham on industrial relations policy for the campaign handbook.
Comprises Files 1-4 (Items 1-179).
This small series contains copies of the report and evidence of the Royal Commission on the Constitution, pamphlets by D. H. Drummond, Constitutional changes in Australia (1926) and J. H. Keating, Reasons for a constitutional convention, correspondence with Sir John Peden concerning the membership of the Commission (August 1927) and with J. A. Lyons concerning the Commission's recommendations (February 1932) and a small number of newscuttings (July-August 1927).
Comprises Files 1-5 (Items 1-23).
In 1928 Judge Edward Scholes was appointed a Royal Commissioner to investigate allegations by a Labor parliamentarian W. H. Lambert that, following the failure of E. G. Theodore to win the Federal seat of Herbert in 1925, financial inducements were offered to Lambert, P. E. Coleman, F. Anstey, and W. G. Mahony to resign their seats. Mahony did, in fact, resign as the Member for Dalley in January 1927 and Theodore won the subsequent by-election. The Commission concluded that Coleman and Mahony were offered money and that Mahony accepted the offer (probably £5,000), but that there was no evidence as to who offered or gave the money.
The papers in this small series include the report of the Royal Commission (July 1928), notes on counsels' fees, an opinion given to Latham, as Attorney-General, by J. E. Lamb and A. J. Hill on whether proceedings should be instituted against any individual mentioned in the report, and a Cabinet paper by Latham on the same subject (26 July 1928). There are also some newscuttings.
Comprises File 1 (Items 1-28).
In November 1927 and September 1928 the Waterside Workers Federation organised nationwide strikes. In the 1928 strike the Bruce-Page Government instituted proceedings against the Federation and also legislated to control employment on the waterfront and to protect volunteer labour. Latham took a deep interest in conditions on the waterfront throughout 1928 and 1929.
In this series are some unsigned reports by an agent who investigated allegations of pilfering and criminal activities on the waterfront in Sydney, Fremantle, Adelaide and Melbourne in July-November 1927. There are some notes on the waterside workers' strikes of 1927 and 1928, including a record of a conversation between Latham and C. Crofts of the Australasian Council of Trade Unions concerning the Transport Workers Act (25 September 1928). Printed items include W. Jethro Brown, 'The strike of the Australian waterside workers' ( Economic Record, May 1929), copies of the 1928 and 1929 Transport Workers Acts and Regulations, and of the waterside workers' award issued by Judge G. S. Beeby in June 1928. The correspondence dates from January-August 1929 and is concerned with the efficiency of volunteer labour, grievances of volunteers, disputes at Port Adelaide, unemployment among Federation members at Brisbane, and Latham's proposal for the decasualisation and self-government of the stevedoring industry. The correspondents include A. S. Elford of the Commonwealth Steamship Owners' Association and R. S. Butler, the South Australian Premier. Finally, there are some newscuttings (April-August 1929).
Comprises Files 1-7 (Items 1-143). Newscuttings in Folder 7 have not been assigned item numbers.
In January 1929 the Timber Workers Union began a strike in protest against an award handed down by Judge L. O. Lukin, and especially the extension of the working week. The very bitter strike continued in New South Wales and Victoria until October 1929, with many clashes between pickets and volunteers.
The series contains copies of the 1929 timber workers' award, a Cabinet paper by Latham on the dispute (2 February 1929), press statements, notes on the dispute, a list of unions contributing to the strike fund, and a large number of newscuttings (January-June 1929). The correspondence dates from March-August 1929 and includes letters from S. M. Bruce, the Industrial Registrar, and the Timber Merchants Association of Victoria concerning the dispute and especially picketing.
Comprises Files 1-9 (Items 1-48). Newscuttings in Folders 4-9 have not been assigned items numbers.
On 1 March 1929 an 18 month lockout began on the northern coalfields of New South Wales when 10,000 miners, who would not accept wage reductions, were dismissed. On 22 March 1929 Latham announced that one of the leading mine-owners, John Brown, would be prosecuted under the Industrial Peace Act and the Arbitration Act. However, in opening a conference between the owners and the miners on 8 April 1929, Bruce stated that the prosecution would be dropped, a decision which had long-term political repercussions.
The proceedings of the Coal Mining Industry Conference in Sydney (8-18 April 1929) are in this series. There is a typescript copy of the official file on the Brown prosecution, consisting of Latham's correspondence with his advisers Sir Robert Garran, W. H. Sharwood and G. A. Watson and the solicitors E. M. Brissenden and J. R. Neild (28 February-31 August 1929). There is a statement by Bruce on the reasons for the withdrawal of the prosecution, a booklet The dispute in the coal industry, and speeches by Bruce and Latham. The other papers are Latham's notes on the events leading up to the withdrawal (5-11 April 1929) and the telegrams he sent to Bruce (9-10 April 1929).
Comprises Files 1-2 (Items 1-108).
At a Premiers' Conference in Canberra on 28 May 1929 S. M. Bruce announced that unless full industrial powers were granted to the Commonwealth he would ask Parliament to repeal all Federal arbitration laws. With the exception of the shipping and stevedoring industries, industrial regulation would be left to the States. On 23 August 1929 Bruce introduced the Maritime Industries Bill which repealed the Arbitration Act and provided for the regulation of the maritime industries. On 10 September 1929 the Government was defeated in the committee stage, when W. M. Hughes, E. A. Mann and four Nationalists voted with the Labor Party, and the Bill never became law.
The series contains Acts and speeches, including Bruce's speech at the Premiers' Conference, articles on industrial relations by K. H. Bailey in the Australian Intercollegian (September-October 1929) and leaflets issued by the Australasian Council of Trade Unions. There is a Cabinet paper by Latham, entitled 'Industrial policy' (10 June 1929). The correspondence includes letters and telegrams from Bruce and Latham to colleagues and supporters warning them of the impending change in policy (24-31 May 1929), letters from trade unions protesting against the new policy, submissions by Arbitration Court judges on the Maritime Industries Bill, and letters from the Commonwealth Steamship Owners Association. There are typescript notes on industrial relations, the trade unions supporting strike funds, wages and conditions of workers covered by Commonwealth awards, the Australasian Council of Trade Unions and its affiliation with the Pan-Pacific Trade Union Secretariat, the Australian Railways Union's record on arbitration, the Age's contradictory stand on arbitration, and the opposition of unions to arbitration since 1919. Finally, there are press cuttings (14 March-9 September 1929) and a set of the Pan-Pacific Worker.
Comprises Items 1-22
Comprises Items 23-77
Comprises Items 78-127
Comprises Items 128-184
Comprises Items 185-206
Comprises Items 207-254
Comprises Items 255-285
Comprises Items 286-319
Comprises Items 320-333
Comprises Items 334-345
Comprises Items 346-358
Mainly 1929 cuttings. Includes one cutting from 1919
This small series contains lists of subjects to be submitted by the Commonwealth for discussion at the Conference and memoranda by the Commonwealth Government on the unification of railway gauges, social legislation, health, development of power resources, gold mining, observance of ANZAC Day, Aboriginal reservations, migration, life assurance, uniformity of voting methods, conventions of the International Labour Organisation, fur-bearing rabbits, survey maps, uniform legislation concerning fertilizers and pure seeds, execution of documents outside Australia, and the registration of Commonwealth titles to land. There are also documents on Empire markets, and industrial laws and reports of the Commonwealth Transport Committee and the Overseas Shipping Conference.
Comprises File 1 (Items 1-78).
In this series are miscellaneous papers which Latham wrote or acquired as a Minister or specifically as Attorney-General. They include notes on subjects to go to Cabinet (1927), notes on a draft arbitration treaty submitted by the United States (7 December 1928), a draft of the 1929 Seat of Government (Administration) Bill, papers on the Navigation Act, rough notes on the advice to be given to the Governor-General on the dissolution of Parliament (11 September 1929), letters from Sir Robert Garran (January 1927) and from Latham to S. M. Bruce (July 1927) on general political matters, and correspondence on migration, the taxation of bodies outside Australia, the position of Broome, the dispute over the Spotwood-Altona highway, and communist activities in Australia.
The series also includes files on the following subjects: duties on electrical machinery, sub-letting of leases in Canberra, the Abrahams brothers tax evasion case and a proposed amusements tax.
Comprises Items 2-38
Comprises Items 39-72
Comprises Items 73-130
Comprises Items 131-197
Comprises Items 198-250
Includes minutes of the Tariff Board on turbo-alternatives (18 May 1928) and many letters from G. L. Chivers, the Melbourne representative of the British Electrical and Allied Manufacturers' Association (11 January 1927-25 June 1929)
Comprises Items 251-339
Includes many letters from Senator H. E. Elliott (May 1927-December 1928)
Comprises Items 340-464
Includes copies of memoranda from Latham to the Commissioner of Taxation and the Treasurer; the opinions of Sir Edward Mitchell, Owen Dixon and other counsel on the offer submitted to the Crown Solicitor by A. E. and L. Abrahams; letters from Mitchell and Dixon (August 1927-September 1928); and a copy of S.M. Lyons, Telling the world all about the Abrahams millionaires (1928).
Comprises Items 465-501
Includes leaflets and correspondence about the tax imposed in 1929, including many letters from J. Fuller of Fuller Theatres Ltd, and from theatrical employees
Comprises Items 502-640
The series contains an incomplete set of Cabinet agenda (March-August 1929), an incomplete set of numbered Cabinet papers, mostly roneoed (1928-29, mostly 1929), and a few unnumbered Cabinet papers (December 1928-July 1929).
Comprises Files 1-6 (Items 1-614).
This small series consists mostly of newscuttings on the Australian Labor Party, its conferences, preselection of candidates, and its relations with trade unions and communism, taken from the Age, Argus, Sydney Morning Herald and Industrial Australian and Mining Standard (October 1925-July 1928). There are also reports of the New South Wales Labor Council (1924-1925), typescript notes on the New South Wales Labor Party (August 1929) and some booklets.
Comprises Files 1-2 (Items 1-31). Newscuttings in Folder 2 have not been assigned item numbers.
In July 1928 Jacob Johnson, Secretary of the Seamen's Union, was charged, under the Crimes Act, with hindering interstate shipping during the marine cooks' strike. He was convicted and sentenced to six months imprisonment. There were later allegations that he was convicted on the basis of false evidence as a result of a conspiracy between a faction of the Seamen's Union, the shipowners, the Investigation Branch, and the Crown-Solicitor's Office. In 1931 the Scullin Government appointed Judge G. S. Beeby as a Royal Commissioner to inquire into the allegations, but he reported that they were unfounded.
This small series has letters and copies of letters on the Johnson Case, including correspondence about witnesses and a letter from Latham to the solicitors, Sullivan Brothers, stating that he was satisfied no injustice had been done to Johnson (22 June 1929). Later papers include a letter from Johnson to Federal parliamentarians (10 April 1931) and correspondence concerning the Royal Commission (August-September 1931).
Comprises File 1 (Items 1-46).
Following the defeat of the Bruce-Page Government in Parliament on the Maritime Industries Bill, Parliament was dissolved and a general election was held on 12 October 1929. The Government was overwhelmingly defeated, losing 18 seats, including those of five Ministers.
Publications include Bruce's policy speech, Facts for the use of National Campaign workers: the dispute in the coal industry, extracts from Hansard of speeches by Latham, Bruce and Sir George Pearce on arbitration, Earle Page's 1929-1930 Budget speech, and leaflets. There are roneoed notes prepared by Ministers on various subjects, including the reduction of wages, the attitude of the Age to the Federal Arbitration Court, the withdrawal of the John Brown prosecution and the Governor-General's visits to the Islands. There are also some Country Party notes on arbitration. They are followed by handwritten notes for speeches, typescript speeches, Latham's statement on the reasons for the defeat (Item 232) and correspondence concerning arbitration, the campaign in Kooyong, the Nationalist Party platform, and the Government's defeat. There are also a few newscuttings.
Comprises Items 1-16
Comprises Items 17-34
Comprises Items 35-64
Comprises Items 65-113
Comprises Items 114-152
Comprises Items 153-186
Comprises Items 187-236
Comprises Items 237-291
Comprises Items 292-337
Comprises Items 338-418
In November 1929, following the defeat of S. M. Bruce by E. J. Holloway in the general election, Latham was elected leader of the Nationalist Party. On 17 April 1931 Latham announced that, with the formation of the United Australia Party, he would be resigning as Leader of the Opposition and would be succeeded by J. A. Lyons. Latham was Deputy Leader of the Opposition until December 1931.
The series contains many reprints of speeches in Hansard, notes for speeches, draft press statements, newscuttings, publications, correspondence, notes on the objective of the Nationalist Party and the report of the Organizing Committee of the Nationalist Council. Apart from letters of congratulation on Latham's election as Leader, the correspondence deals with that arrangement of parliamentary business, the appointment of Sir Isaac Isaacs as Governor-General, economic matters, tariff investigations and relations with the Country Party.
Items 246-334 relate to the 1930 Constitution Alteration (Power of Amendment) Bill and the Constitution Alteration (Industrial Powers) Bill, both of which were rejected by the Senate. They include notes on referenda and correspondence with State Leaders and the Nationalist organisation.
Items 335-521 relate to the 1930 Royal Commission on Mungana and Chillagoe Mines (Commissioner: Justice L. J. Campbell). The Commission investigated allegations against the Treasurer E. G. Theodore and three former associates regarding mining transactions. The papers include the report of the Royal Commission, a report of a speech by Theodore in Brisbane (14 March 1931), typescript papers on the Queensland Supreme Court case R. v. P. L. Goddard, F. Reid, W. McCormack and E. G. Theodore, a paper on the Mungana Case sent to Latham by the Queensland Premier's Office (August 1930), notes for speeches, correspondence with Theodore, A. E. Moore, the Queensland Premier, and Nationalist politicians and officials (July 1929-November 1930), and newscuttings.
Comprises Items 1-19
Comprises Items 20-35
Comprises items 36-54
Also includes a copy of an agreement between the Postmaster-General's Department and Amalgamated Wireless (Australasia) Ltd (1927)
Comprises Items 55-111
Comprises Items 112-188
Comprises Items 189-228
Comprises Items 229-245
Comprises Items 246-287
Comprises Items 288-334
Comprises items 335-389
Comprises Items 390-420
Comprises items 421-474
Comprises Items 475-521
Mainly reprints from Hansard of speeches by Latham
Also includes a copy of The record of the Lyons Government January 1932-January 1933 
Items have not been numbered
This small series is concerned with a syndicate formed to purchase the Sunday Times Newspaper Company and to publish a new evening newspaper and a new Sunday and/or Saturday evening newspaper. R. Windeyer and T. E. Rofe were the provisional directors and among those concerned with the venture were Latham, Sir Henry Braddon, J. M. Dunlop, H. S. Nicholas, B. S. Stevens, David Maughan and Charles Lloyd Jones. The papers comprise typescript notes concerning meetings and the organisation of the syndicate, and correspondence between Latham and Sir Adrian Knox, H. S. Nicholas, Sir Samuel Hordern and Sir Kelso King, in which Latham appealed for support for the venture (April-July 1930).
Comprises Folders 1-2 (Items 1-77)
The 1929 Conference on the Operation of Dominion Legislation and Merchant Shipping and the 1930 Imperial Conference discussed ways in which law could be brought into line with the 1926 Balfour Declaration on the relations between the United Kingdom and self-governing Dominions. Subsequently, the British Parliament passed the 1931 Statute of Westminster which repealed the 1865 Colonial Laws Validity Act, limited the power of the British Parliament to legislate for the Dominions, and gave the parliaments of the Dominions full power to make laws having extra-territorial operation. The Australian Parliament did not adopt the Statute until 1942.
The series contains parliamentary papers, debates, newscuttings, notes, correspondence and the report of the 1929 Conference. There is a copy of a cable from the Secretary of State for the Dominions concerning resolutions from the State parliaments protesting against the Statute of Westminster (11 August 1931), notes by Sir Robert Garran on Western Australia's objections (8 September 1931), and correspondence with the Australian delegate, Sir William Harrison Moore, the Attorney-General's Department, and State Attorneys-General (August 1930-August 1932).
Comprises Files 1-4 (Items 1-123).
In January 1931 J. A. Lyons resigned as Postmaster-General in the Scullin Government and left the Australian Labor Party, followed by five other Federal parliamentarians. In March 1931 Latham and Lyons had discussions and under pressure from the Capel Court Group and from political bodies such as the All for Australia League the Nationalist Party decided to seek immediate unity between the Opposition parties. On 17 April 1931 Latham announced that the Nationalist Party was prepared to join Lyons and his supporters in forming a new party under Lyons' leadership. On 7 May 1931 the United Australia Party was formed. The Country Party declined to join the new party and at the State level negotiations and conflict between the Nationalist Party and other conservative groups continued for many months before they achieved unity.
The series consists mostly of correspondence recording the negotiations, disputes and agreements between the Opposition parties between March and November 1931. Items 1-100 are correspondence between Latham and Lyons, Archdale Parkhill, Federal parliamentarians, Country Party leaders, state branches of the Nationalist Party, the All for Australia League, the Sane Democracy League, and the Producers' Advisory Council.
Items 101-180 consist of typescript papers, including Lyons' seven-point policy (26 March 1931), the joint statement of Latham, Lyons and T. Paterson (27 March 1931), notes by Latham on the events of 24 March-7 April 1931, Latham's statement declaring his Party's willingness to serve under Lyons (17 April 1931), resolutions of a conference between the National Association of New South Wales and the All for Australia League, and of the Australian National Federation Interstate Conference (April 1931), the agenda for the meeting of parliamentarians which formed the United Australia Party (7 May 1931), and papers on a unity conference in Sydney attended by the National Association, the United Country Movement, the All for Australia League and the Producers' Advisory Council (31 November 1931).
There are a small number of newscuttings and the rest of the papers are letters congratulating Latham on his decision to give up the leadership (Items 196-420). Later papers on the United Australia Party are contained in Series 51.
Comprises Files 1-9 (Items 1-420).
On 25 November 1931 a group of Labor parliamentarians led by J. A. Beasley voted with the Opposition to defeat the Scullin Government in Parliament. Parliament was dissolved and at the general election on 19 December 1931 the Government suffered a great defeat. The United Australia Party and the Country Party won 56 of the 75 seats in the House of Representatives and 15 of the 18 Senate vacancies.
The publications in the series include extracts from Hansard, parliamentary papers, J. A. Lyons' policy speech, the platform and rules of the National Federation, UAP speakers' notes and leaflets (including some on the New South Wales election of 25 October 1930). There are a large number of handwritten notes for speeches, a transcript of a broadcast (16 December 1931), and notes on the federal platform. The correspondence (Items 436-974) includes letters from W. M. Hughes and other parliamentarians, D. B. Copland and the Chamber of Manufactures, but the great majority of the letters are congratulatory (30 November 1931-14 January 1932). There are also some newscuttings, mostly from the Argus and Age.
Includes the platform and rules of the National Federation and a pamphlet containing a UAP policy speech by Joseph Lyons
Comprises Items 1-8
Comprises Items 9-14
Comprises Items 15-92
Comprises Items 93-112
Comprises Items 113-149
Comprises Items 150-310
Comprises Items 311-327
Comprises Items 328-367
Comprises Items 368-435
Comprises Items 436-500
Comprises Items 501-588
Comprises Items 589-657
Comprises Items 658-728
Comprises Items 729-809
Comprises Items 810-877
Comprises Items 878-947
Comprises Items 948-976
The papers in this series deal with the formation of United Australia Party branches, especially in New South Wales, the activities and problems of the Party, and its strained relations with the Country Party.
Items 9-118 are letters concerning the affairs of the Party, the correspondents including J. A. Lyons, the National Union, the Australian Women's National League, the Country and Progressive National League, and the Queensland Women's Electoral League (February 1932-March 1934).
Items 119-186 are roneoed papers issued by the Country Party, mostly critical of the Federal Government (1933), and notes and statements on the Country Party, and especially on the Government's tariff policy and the pre-election promises made by Latham and Lyons. Items 187-242 are correspondence with parliamentarians and party officials concerning the 1931 unity conference and attacks of the Country Party (28 December 1931-31 August 1933). There are also newscuttings on the Country Party, the tariff and Country Party criticisms of the Government.
Comprises Files 1-7 (Items 1-270).
The first Lyons Ministry took office on 6 January 1932 and Latham was a Minister in it until his retirement from politics on 12 October 1934. This large series contains the papers which Latham received or wrote as a Minister, other than those relating specifically to his three portfolios of Attorney-General, External Affairs and Industry.
The first items are booklets, including S. M. Ferguson's The Australian tariff debate and A. C. Davidson's Australia's share in international recovery. They are followed by general correspondence, dating from 28 December 1931-21 December 1934 (items 6-1017). They include memoranda entitled 'Some notes on unemployment' and 'Notes on the coal industry' (21 March 1932); letters which Latham wrote to Lyons from London (May 1932); letters from S. M. Bruce in London and other Ministers, from individuals such as A. C. Davidson of the Bank of New South Wales, and from pressure groups, particularly the Australian Pensioners League; a copy of a letter from Sir George Pearce to the Treasurer on the need for increased defence expenditure (28 April 1933); correspondence with Lyons on various policy matters; a letter from R. G. Casey on Commonwealth-State financial relations (18 January 1934) and from the Taxpayers Association of Victoria; and some correspondence dealing with matters which arose during the 1934 Eastern Mission. The general correspondence is arranged chronologically.
The remaining papers (Folders 14-22) have been arranged by subject.
Comprises Items 1-4
Comprises Items 5-86
Comprises Items 87-148
Comprises Items 149-235
Comprises Items 236-313
Comprises Items 314-388
Comprises Items 389-440
Comprises Items 441-540
Comprises Items 541-675
Bulk of correspondence is September 1933
Comprises Items 676-757
Comprises Items 758-828
Comprises Items 829-907
Includes a single letter from March 1933
Comprises Items 908-1017
Comprises Items 1018-1086
Includes letters and copies of cables from J. R. Collins, the Official Secretary and Financial Adviser at Australia House, London, concerning negotiations with Shaw Savill and P&O, and cables from Latham to Lyons
Comprises Items 1087-1123
Includes pamphlets, leaflets, typescript notes on secession, the Constitution and the Interstate Commission, correspondence (February-July), mainly with Western Australian branches of the Federal League and Sir Charles Nathan, and dealing inter alia with the visit of W. M. Hughes to Western Australia
Comprises Items 1124-1204
Comprises Items 1205-1212
Includes a typescript report on the adjustment of protective duties to compensate for the effects of exchange and primage, and the report of a Cabinet sub-committee on the same subject
Comprises Items 1212-1232
Conference of Commonwealth and State Ministers in Sydney, July 1933. Copies of cables between Lyons and Ramsay McDonald, the President of the Monetary and Economic Conference at London concerning the price of wheat,
Comprises Items 1233-1240
Comprises Items 1241-1266
Comprises Items 1267-1380
Comprises Items 1381-1389
The general correspondence in this series (Items 1-101) deals with cases involving the Commonwealth, the administration of the Attorney-General's Department, the consolidation of Commonwealth Acts, industrial law, the possibility of outlawing the Communist Party, relations with the High Court, and legislation and administrative matters outstanding at the time of Latham's retirement. The correspondents include Sir Robert Garran, G. S. Knowles and Sir Edward Mitchell.
The remaining papers (Folders 2-12) have been divided by subject.
Comprises Items 1-101
The case was heard in the Privy Council in May 1932. There is a volume containing notes by Latham on the case, summaries of the case for the different parties, relevant statues, and notes on the case in the New South Wales Supreme Court and the High Court. There is also the judgement of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, 31 May 1932
Comprises Items 102-104
Includes Cabinet papers and draft Cabinet papers and opinions on the High Court building, the Chamber of Manufactures case, martial law, and interstate trade and commerce
Comprises Items 105-125
Includes a statement on the writ issued against the New South Wales Government concerning the non-payment of interest on overseas loans; correspondence with Sir Edward Mitchell (February 1932); the opinion of W. Ham and W. K. Fullagar on the 1929 Financial Agreement (Validation) Act (March 1931); Latham's opinions on the statement by Sir Hal Colebatch that the Commonwealth as well as the States had defaulted (February 1932) and on the liability of the Commonwealth and New South Wales for the payment of interest on New South Wales' overseas loans (January 1932)
Comprises Items 126-149
Comprises Items 150-163
Includes correspondence between A. Grenfell Price and Lyons
Comprises Items 164-220
Includes memoranda prepared by Sir Robert Garran on aviation, communism and revolutionary activities, company law, films, finance, industrial law, navigation, trade and commerce, broadcasting, and immunity of State instrumentalities
Comprises Items 221-402
Includes correspondence with the Performing Rights Association on broadcasting, correspondence on industrial law and the Bankruptcy Bill, and the proceedings of Trethowan's Case in the High Court
Comprises Items 403-445
This small series contains correspondence dating from February 1932-October 1934, three reports by Andrew Cairns to the Empire Marketing Board on his travels in Western Siberia, the Volga region, Ukraine, Crimea and Caucasus in June-August 1932, and a report of a visit by Captain H. J. Feakes to China and Japan in July 1933.
Other papers on Latham's activities as Minister for External Affairs are contained in Series 56-58.
Comprises Files 1-3 (Items 1-55c).
Latham first became Minister for Industry in December 1928, but no department was ever established. This small series contains a statement by S. M. Bruce on the functions of the proposed department (December 1928), correspondence with A. S. Elford of the Joint Committee of Shipowners on relations with the Waterside Workers Federation (February-December 1932), a Cabinet paper on the waterside industry (1932), and correspondence concerning the International Labour Office.
A paper by R. G. Casey 'A note on industry in Australia' (September 1946) has also been placed in this series.
Comprises Files 1-2 (Items 1-31). Papers in Folder 2 have not been assigned item numbers.
The World Disarmament Conference, which opened at Lausanne in February 1932, was organised by the League of Nations following the report of the Preparatory Commission in 1930. In the first phase of the Conference, when it was in plenary session, Australia was represented by Sir Granville Ryrie. Latham arrived in Lausanne in late April 1932 and stayed for about three weeks. At this stage work was being carried on by a series of committees, which discussed the idea of 'qualitative' disarmament and the definition of 'aggressive' and 'defensive' armaments. Latham left for London in mid May 1932 and Australia was subsequently represented by F. G. Shedden. The Conference adjourned in July 1932, having achieved negligible results. The Conference continued in 1933, but after Germany withdrew in October it gradually faded away.
Publications in this series include Latham's report to Parliament on the work of the Conference (25 July 1932), a statement concerning armaments in Australia (October 1931), the League of Nations pamphlet Disarmament, a list of the British delegation and staff and the directory of delegations. There are notes by Latham for meetings, and notes on the Imperial Defence College and the press in London. The correspondence (Items 48-171) includes letters from F. G. Shedden, and Sir Maurice Hankey, a report by Latham to Sir George Pearce, the draft of a letter to Arthur Henderson, the President of the Conference, Latham's report of a conversation with J. Ramsay MacDonald, a letter from the Marquis of Londonderry, the British Minister for Air, concerning a proposal to abolish the Royal Australian Air Force as a separate organisation, and a letter from Latham to J. A. Lyons, written in London.
The other papers consist of typescript and handwritten notes for speeches and press statements (Items 172-283), newscuttings, photographs, Latham's passport, publications which he collected while he was overseas, programs, menus, invitations to functions in Geneva and London, bills and miscellaneous documents.
Comprises Items 35-47
Comprises Items 48-116
Comprises Items 117-171
Comprises Items 172-283
Includes Latham, his wife and Joseph Lyons (March 1932) and Latham and Sir Granville Ryrie (April 1932)
Comprises Items 284-286
Comprises Items 287-298
Mainly relating to the conference and disarmament
Comprises Items 299-308
Comprises Items 309-310
Comprises Items 311-335
Comprises Items 336-361
Comprises Items 362-380
Comprises items 381-393
Comprises Items 394-407
Comprises Items 408-414
The Imperial Economic Conference met in Ottawa in July-August 1932, the Australian delegates being S. M. Bruce and H. S. Gullett. It followed the passing of the British Import Duties Act in February 1932 and its object was 'the promotion of intra-Empire trade and the consummation of a closer economic union between the British Nations'. The Conference dealt with trade, customs administration, commercial relations with foreign countries, monetary and financial questions, and economic co-operation. Fifteen trade agreements were signed at the conclusion of the Conference.
This small series contains correspondence, dating from April-July 1932, which Latham had with British and Australian Ministers when he was in London. It deals with the approaching Ottawa Conference, press leakages concerning pre-Ottawa negotiations, imperial trade, the Australian tariff, British preference, trade with the Dutch East Indies and relations with other countries. The correspondents include J. A. Lyons, C. A. S. Hawker, F. L. McDougall, S. Baldwin and J. Ramsay MacDonald. In addition, there are reports of the Conference, memoranda on imperial economic consultation, imperial co-operation in agricultural, scientific and economic research, and problems and possibilities at Ottawa, and some newscuttings.
Comprises Files 1-2 (Items 1-139).
The Australian Goodwill Mission to the Far East, which was led by Latham, was the first Australian mission of a diplomatic character to visit foreign countries. It spent two months (April-May 1934) visiting the Dutch East Indies, Malaya, Indo-China, Hong Kong, China, Japan and the Philippines. Latham had discussions with government officials, businessmen and academics concerning trade relations, defence, immigration policy and cultural relations.
The publications in the series consist of H. W. Gepp's Report on tradebetween Australiaand the Far East (1932) and A. C. V. Melbourne's Report on Australian intercourse with Japan and China (1932). There are four volumes of newscuttings taken from Australian, British, American, Japanese and Chinese newspapers, some loose newscuttings, Latham's speech in Parliament and his report on the Mission (6 July 1934), pencilled diary notes (5 April-5 July 1934), and itineraries. There are a small number of letters (Items 48-66), passport photographs, lists of guests, menus and tourist publications.
A secret report of the Eastern Mission, dated 3 July 1934, is held in the papers of Sir Earle Page (MS 1633, Folder 240).
Includes the Gepp report and a report on the mission
Comprises Items 1-3
Comprises Items 4-47
Comprises Items 48-66
Comprises Items 67-73
Comprises Items 74-75
Comprises Item 76
Comprises Item 77
Comprises Item 78
Comprises Item 79
Comprises Items 80-84
Comprises Items 85-88
Contents of this folder found to be missing in 2008
Comprises Items 94-110
Comprises Items 111-120
Comprises Items 121-133
Comprises Items 134-153
Latham did not stand for re-election at the election on 15 September 1934 but he did devote time to supporting Government candidates. This small series contains correspondence with J. A. Lyons, R. G. Casey, H. S. Foll and others discussing Party affairs, the campaign and congratulating them on their victory. There is also a typescript of a broadcast by Latham (14 September 1934) and a press statement by Lyons concerning the Country Party (24 September 1934).
Comprises Files 1-3 (Items 1-92).
On 4 July 1934 Latham wrote to J. A. Lyons and the Kooyong Election Committee stating that he had decided not to stand at the coming election. Latham denied rumours that he would soon become a Justice of the High Court, but said that he was anxious to return to the Bar. In this series there are many letters, dating from 5 July-29 November 1934, expressing disappointment that he was retiring from Parliament and congratulating him on his political achievements. There are also notes for speeches, menus, guest lists and newscuttings concerning farewell functions, particularly a lunch given to Latham in Sydney on 19 November 1934.
Comprises Files 1-4 (Items 1-245).
Latham kept in touch with many of the officials and academics whom he met in Japan and China during the 1934 Eastern Mission and he was an advocate of closer economic and cultural relations between Australia and the two countries. He was president of the Melbourne branch of the Japan-Australia Society in 1935 and his deep interest in Japan was recognised when he was appointed the first Australian Minister to Japan in 1940.
Items 1-324 in this series consist of correspondence, dating from 1934-1940, dealing with the report of the 1934 Goodwill Mission, trade with China and Japan, an exchange of professors between Australian and Chinese universities, the establishment of a wireless service between Australia and Japan, Australian investment in the Chinese textile industry, F. M. Cutlack's book on the East and Chinese reactions to it, the formation of a branch of the Japan-Australian Society in Melbourne, an article by Latham on Australia and Japan in the Argus (20 April 1935), the Chinese press in Australia, a proposal to present a collection of Australian etchings to Japan, and the visit of K. Debuchi to Australia in 1935. The correspondents include K Hirota, the Japanese Minister for Foreign Affairs, W. P. Chen and C. J. Pao, Chinese consuls in Australia, K. Murai the Japanese consul in Sydney, J. A. Lyons, E. Longfield Lloyd, H. J. Temperley, J. Leighton Stuart, and Sir Alexander Cadogan. Most of the letters date from 1934-1935.
Other papers include notes for speeches on the Eastern Mission; Latham's paper 'Australia and Japan'; Latham's review of F. Mourette's Social aspects of industrial development in Japan; a typescript 'Sports in Japan' and extracts from other publications; A. C. V. Melbourne's - Report on a visit to universities of China and Japan (1936); A. G. Coon's 'China's imports and exports of foodstuffs', Chinese Economic Journal (1934); and a few newscuttings from Australian and Japanese newspapers.
Comprises Files 1-9 (Items 1-452).
Latham was appointed Chief Justice of the High Court on 11 October 1935, succeeding Sir Frank Gavan Duffy. He retired in April 1952. In 1940-1941 he was on leave from the Court as Minister to Japan.
Items 1-836 consist of letters. They date from 1935-1952, but there is almost no correspondence for the years 1941-1946. Many of the letters were written by Latham's fellow-justices, Sir George Rich, Sir Hayden Starke, Sir Owen Dixon, H. V. Evatt, Sir Edward McTiernan, Sir William Webb and Dudley Williams, and the Solicitors-General Sir George Knowles and K. H. Bailey. Many of the letters are concerned with arranging sittings and finalising judgements; only a few deal with the substance of the judgements. Many of the letters of Starke and Evatt reflect the disharmony in the Court. Apart from administrative matters, the letters deal with appointments to the International Court of Justice, Nassoor's Case (1937), the 1940 Judiciary Bill, Evatt's resignation from the Court in 1940, Latham's move to Japan, Webb's work on the International War Crimes Tribunal at Tokyo, the proposal for a Federal Bill of Rights (1949), the Communist Party Dissolution Case, and the revision of the High Court rules (1951-1952). There are several letters from people who believed they were victims of injustice, and also letters congratulating Latham on his retirement in 1952.
Other papers include a list of constitutional and national security cases decided since the outbreak of the War, the report of the Royal Commission on the Communist Party in Victoria, notes for discussion on the Banking Case (21 May 1948), miscellaneous notes and Bills, notes on cases and legal subjects (Items 888-926), notes on the Communist Party Dissolution Case (Items 927-996), an index to cases, papers on the farewell to Latham (7 April 1952), the report of the Royal Commission on the Brisbane Line, and newscuttings.
Comprises Items 1-78
Comprises Items 79-140
Comprises Items 141-154
Mainly correspondence for 1939 but includes some 1936 documents on the League of Nations,
Comprises Items 155-210d
Correspondence from 1940-1946 but includes a small catalogue for a Daryl Lindsay watercolours exhibition in 1929 and a poem written in 1962
Comprises Items 211-254
Comprises Items 255-315
Comprises Items 316-403
Comprises Items 404-502
Correspondence for 1950 but includes a 1935 letter and a 1952 letter
Comprises Items 503-636
Correspondence for 1951 but includes a 1936 letter
Comprises Items 637-725
Folder also contains undated correspondence
Comprises Items 726-836a
Includes a copy of the report of the Royal Commission into the Communist Party In Victoria
Comprises Items 837-851
Includes notes on the Banking Case
Comprises Items 852-886
Includes a paper by Latham entitled 'Australian law' (n.d.)
Comprises Items 887-926
Includes a copy of the Communist Party Dissolution Act
Comprises Items 927-996
Includes a report on the Royal Commission into the Brisbane Line and a transcript of Latham's farewell from the High Court
Comprises Items 997-1134
Comprises Items 1136-1146
Comprises Items 1147-1158
In this series have been placed papers relating to the law and the legal profession, but which are not concerned with Latham's work as Chief Justice. There are manuscripts on Federal competence in labour matters, the interpretation of the Constitution and other subjects, miscellaneous publications, including the roll kept by the Victorian Bar Council (1957), and the drafts of speeches, including 'The functions of law in society,' 'Law and the citizen,' 'The lawyer as a citizen' (1950), 'The Australian judiciary since 1918' and 'Reception of the common law in Australia' (1959). The correspondence (Items 210-716) dates from February 1933-August 1962 and is concerned with the activities of such bodies as the Law Council of Australia, the Australian and New Zealand Society of International Law, the United Nations League of Lawyers, the International Bar Association and the International Commission of Jurists, and contributions by Latham to law journals and law books. The correspondents include Sir Frederic Eggleston, Geoffrey Sawer, Sir Kenneth Bailey, Sir Charles Lowe, W. Friedmann, H. G. Aldermann, Sir George Paton, Kenneth Wheare, Julius Stone and Sir Owen Dixon. There are also invitations, programs and menus for legal conventions, legal dinners and other functions.
Comprises Files 1-8 (Items 1-743).
The National Debt Commission was set up in 1923 under the National Debt Sinking Fund Act. It was responsible for applying the Commonwealth National Debt Sinking Fund to the repurchasing or redeeming of Commonwealth securities and it controlled the state sinking funds established under the Financial Agreement. The Chief Justice was one of the members of the Commission.
The series contains various annual reports of the Commission, papers and minutes of some of its meetings, typescript agenda papers (including minutes, reports, financial statements and cables) and a pamphlet of the Victorian Treasury Committee entitled Sinking and depreciation funds of governments and public bodies (1935). There is a small amount of correspondence, dating from April 1936-November 1950, mainly with W. C. Thomas and A. C. Joyce, the Secretaries of the Commission and with H. J. Sheehan of the Commonwealth Treasury. It is concerned with the application of sinking fund moneys in London, the minutes of meetings, and the interpretation of the 1930 National Debt Sinking Fund Act.
Comprises Items 1-3a
Comprises Items 4-6
Comprises Items 7-75
Comprises Items 77-78
Comprises Items 79-80
Comprises Items 80a-80b
Comprises Items 81-82
Comprises Items 83-117
Comprises Items 118
Comprises Items 119-120
Comprises Items 121-170
Includes pamphlet by the Victorian Treasury Committee
Comprises Items 171-177
Comprises Items 178-217
In August 1940 Latham was appointed the first Australian Minister to Japan and he arrived in Tokyo in December 1940. He left in September 1941 for consultations in Singapore and Australia. He was seriously ill in Singapore, but returned to Australia in November 1941. With the outbreak of War his appointment was terminated.
Items 1-495 are mainly letters of congratulation on Latham's appointment as Minister, dating from August-November 1940. They are followed by a typescript entitled 'The Japanese at home,' some newscuttings, notes for an interview with R. G. Menzies (8 July 1940), and a draft letter to the Minister of External Affairs on salaries, allowances, and leave for the Mission staff. The rest of the papers (Items 539-652) consist of correspondence dating from January-December 1941. There are letters and cables from F. Stewart, H. V. Evatt and W. R. Hodgson, especially concerning Latham's departure from Japan and his illness and operation in Singapore. There are cables from Tokyo to Singapore concerning the Australian Mission and letters of sympathy. Finally, there are memoranda by Latham on the invasion of Australia (15 August 1941), the need for a co-operative arrangement for the defence of South East Asia (5 November 1941) and the military position in the Malay States (16 December 1941).
Comprises Files 1-9 (Items 1-652).
Latham first became actively involved with the development of public libraries in 1937, when he was elected President of the Free Library Movement in Victoria. In 1950 the Australian Institute of Librarians was reconstituted as the Library Association of Australia and Latham was the first President, holding office for three years. In 1952 he was the chairman of the Advisory Committee for the UNESCO Library Seminar held in Canberra and Sydney.
The series contains publications of the Free Library Movement, and the Library Association of Australia and other printed works, such as C. R. Pitt's State aid to libraries (1939), K. Binns' Library services in Tasmania (1943), and H. L. White's Australian library development (1943). Items 79-181 consist of correspondence, dating from March 1937-May 1953, concerning the Free Library Movement, the Australian Institute of Librarians, the organisation of the Library Association of Australia, a grant of $35,000 to the Library Association by the Carnegie Corporation in 1951, and book import restrictions. The correspondents include G. C. Remington, K. S. Cunningham, John Metcalfe, and Irving Benson. The other papers are roneoed reports and minutes of the Library Association of Australia General Council and committees (Items 183-285), correspondence and minutes of the 1952 UNESCO Library Seminar (Items 286-313), newscuttings and a typescript entitled 'Library planning in Great Britain'.
Comprises Files 1-9 (Items 1-321).
The Gowrie Scholarship Trust Fund was based on voluntary contributions and provided scholarships for members of the Australian Armed Forces and their dependants, and especially for the children of servicemen killed in the War. It was established in 1943 as an expression of sympathy for Lord and Lady Gowrie, whose only son was killed in North Africa. The trustees of the Fund were Latham, Sir Robert Garran, Sir Claude Reading and later H. B. Piper.
Items 1-170 include the report of the Administrative Subcommittee (1944), lists of scholarships available in each State, the 1942-1943 report of the Soldiers' Children Education Board, notes on the Commonwealth Reconstruction Training Scheme, press statements on the Gowrie scholarships (1945), agenda and minutes of meetings of the trustees (1944-1945), lists of donors, notes on the basis for awarding scholarships, balance sheets (1945-1960), and application forms for Gowrie scholarships.
The correspondence (Items 171-863) dates from November 1943-July 1956, although there are very few letters after 1945. The subject matter includes the draft Trust Deed, investments, meetings of the trustees, the launching of the appeal, relations with the Naval War Auxiliary, existing bursaries and scholarships, the views of Directors of Education and Vice-Chancellors on the criteria to be used in granting scholarships, the appointment of a secretary and auditors, directions for the State Advisory Committees, tax exemptions, and the progress of particular scholarship winners. Most of the letters were written by the various trustees or by the secretary P. Cureton.
Comprises Items 1-88
Comprises Items 88-115
Comprises Items 116-125
Comprises Items 126-165
Comprises Items 166-170
Comprises Items 171-246
Comprises Items 247-323
Comprises items 324-400
Comprises Items 401-442
Comprises Items 443-506
Comprises Items 507-660
Comprises Items 661-719
Comprises Items 720-772
Comprises Items 773-810
Comprises items 811-869
Most of the papers are concerned with the Australian-American Association, which Latham joined in 1948. There is a small amount of correspondence about the Association, the unveiling of the United States War Memorial in Canberra in 1954, and Fulbright awards. There are also leaflets, circulars, annual reports of the Victorian Section of the Australian-American Association (1950-1961), an address by Latham at a luncheon of the Association (7 September 1962), other speeches, and photographs of the unveiling of the American War Memorial.
The other papers deal with the United States Educational Foundation in Australia, of which Latham was a director. There are a few letters, the agreement between Australia and the United States (June 1946), the 1956 and 1958 Fulbright programs, and State Department publications on the Fulbright Scheme.
Comprises Files 1-7 (Items 1-165).
Latham was a member of the Council of the Victorian branch of the Royal Empire Society. The Society (founded in 1882 as the Royal Colonial Society) held meetings to discuss subjects of Imperial interest and acquired books and newspapers from all parts of the Empire. The series contains the proceedings of conventions of the Australian branches in Sydney in 1948 and Melbourne in 1956, a list of members of the Victorian branch (1946), an annual report (1943), issues of Notes and News (1946-1948) and Royal Empire Society News (1957). There are also notes for a speech, and correspondence, dating from January 1950-June 1958, with the Secretary, H. A. Bartlett, concerning meetings, the extension of membership, luncheons, and a lecture by Latham on the government of Australia.
Comprises Files 1-4 (Items 1- 128).
The Saionji Memorial Society was formed in 1951, largely on the initiative of John Galvin, to honour a former Prime Minister of Japan, Prince Saionji, who died in 1940. In 1955 Galvin established a scholarship which would enable an Australian graduate to study in Japan for a year. The first scholarship was awarded to Joyce Ackroyd in 1956. Latham was chairman of the Australian Selection Committee. The series contains correspondence with T. R. Critchley, F. Alexander, K. R. Hodgkin and others concerning the methods of selection. There are also applications by candidates, notes on candidates, minutes (1955-1959) and agenda papers.
Comprises File 1 (Items 1-56).
The Congress for Cultural Freedom was established in June 1950 when 118 writers, artists and scientists from 21 countries met in Berlin and decided to create a permanent association to fight against any threats to cultural freedom. A secretariat was set up in Paris. H. R. Krygier was the Australian representative of the Congress and in March 1954 he announced that the International Executive had approved the formation of an Australian Committee for Cultural Freedom. The name was changed to the Australian Association for Cultural Freedom in 1957. Latham was President from 1954-1961.
Items 1-601 in this large series consist of correspondence dating from February 1954-October 1961. The correspondents include Richard Krygier, Clem Christesen, W. A. Townsley, James McAuley, R. N. Spann and G. Patterson. They deal with the formation of the executive, the establishment of the periodicals Free Spirit and Quadrant, criticisms of the Association as being excessively anti-communist, the visits of Malcolm Muggeridge and Stephen Spender in 1954 and James T. Farrell in 1955, the Milan Conference in 1955 which Latham attended, the case of Professor S. Orr (1956), the Stuart case (1959), the finances of the Association, and efforts to obtain a Commonwealth Literary Fund grant for Quadrant.
There are several publications (Items 602-724) including the Manifesto of the Congress for Cultural Freedom (1950), works on the Orr case, an article on Soviet historians by B. D. Wolfe, issues of the London journal Science and Freedom, and many issues of the Association's bulletin Free Spirit (1954-1962). Items 725-923 are papers delivered at the 1955 Milan Conference, speeches, itineraries and other papers relating to Latham's overseas trip. Finally, there are minutes, rules, financial papers, secretary's reports, reports of the editorial committee, president's statements, lists of members, and a diary kept by Latham in September-October 1955 (Item 1051). There are also some photographs and newscuttings.
The records of the Australian Association for Cultural Freedom are also held in the National Library (MS 2031).
Comprises items 1-117
Comprises Items 118-294
Comprises Items 295-418
Comprises Items 419-454
Comprises Items 455-581
Comprises Items 582-601
Comprises Items 602-611
Comprises Items 612-624
Comprises Items 625-639
Comprises Items 640-655
Comprises items 656-675
Comprises Items 676-695
Comprises Items 696-708
Comprises Items 709-724
Comprises Items 725-897
Includes notes relating to Latham's visit to India and Milan and reports and minutes of meetings of the Australian Association
Comprises Items 898-941
Includes rules, memoranda, minutes, reports
Comprises Items 942-985
Comprises Items 986-1028
Comprises Items 1029-1050
Comprises Items 1051-1124
Comprises Items 1125-1157
Comprises Items 1158-1204
The Elizabethan Theatre Trust was founded in 1954, on the initiative of H. C. Coombs, C. Moses, J. D. Pringle and others, to establish by public subscription a fund to support Australian drama, opera and ballet. Latham was invited to be President and held that office until 1961.
Items 1-147 consist of correspondence, dating from December 1953-July 1957, concerning the appointment of an executive officer (Hugh Hunt), the formation of advisory committees in each State, proposals for an Australian Opera Company and Australian Drama Company, the performance of Douglas Stewart's play 'Ned Kelly' in the 1956 Olympic Festival, and relations with the National Theatre Movement. The correspondents include H. C. Coombs, Aubrey Gibson, Hugh Hunt and F. Alexander. The other papers comprise agenda papers, the text of a radio broadcast on the Trust (13 July 1954), the report of the directors for 1954-1955, the 1961 annual report, reports of the executive director, notes on opera, financial statements, press cuttings, and the memorandum and articles of association.
Comprises Files 1-6 (Items 1-252).
Latham was Vice-President of the Australian Red Cross Society from 1944-1961 and in 1961 was awarded the Australian Red Cross Medal of Honour. The series contains the Royal Charter and Incorporation of Rules (1941), annual reports and notes on activities (1943-1949) minutes of meetings of the National Executive (1942-1947), notices of meetings, agenda, papers, and a report by J. Newman Morris on a visit to England, Canada and America. The correspondence, dating from June 1942-November 1961, with J. Newman Morris, A. G. Brown, Peter MacCallum and others, is mainly concerned with meetings and administrative matters, but there is some discussion of civil defence.
There are some other Red Cross Society papers in Series 78.
Comprises Files 1-6 (Items 1- 161).
This small series contains details of procedure and correspondence concerning the swearing in of Sir Winston Dugan as Administrator of the Commonwealth in September 1944, and the opening of the Federal Parliament in November 1946, February 1950, and June 1951. There is also a document signed by the Duke of Gloucester appointing Latham his deputy for the purpose of opening Parliament in November 1946.
Comprises File 1 (Items 1-43).
The Australian Goodwill Mission which visited Formosa (Taiwan) in August 1956 was led by Latham and the other members consisted of eight Federal parliamentarians, one state parliamentarian, an academic and a former military officer.
The series contains programs of the Mission, a resume of its activities, texts of radio talks by Latham, an account of the trip by J. G. Gorton in Free Spirit (September 1956), correspondence, notes for speeches and notes concerning the Mission's program, publications on Formosa, statements issued by the Chinese Embassy in Canberra, tourist and government publications, an article on Formosa by Latham in Meanjin (Spring 1957), invitations, menus, visitors' cards, many photographs of the Mission, and a few cuttings from Formosan and Australian newspapers. The correspondence (Items 20-83) includes letters to Ella Latham and R. G. Casey and letters from other members of the Mission.
Comprises items 1-7
Comprises Items 8-19
Comprises Items 20-83
Comprises Items 84-129
Comprises Item 130
Comprises Items 131-142
Comprises Items 143-147
Includes an article by Latham in Meanjin
Comprises Items 148-150
Comprises Items 152-160
Comprises Items 161-170
Comprises Items 171-209
Includes photograph of Latham meeting President Chiang Kai-shek
Comprises items 210-211
Comprises Items 212-230
Comprises Items 231-247
Cards have not been assigned item numbers
In September 1953 Latham and his wife represented Australia at the celebrations of the centenary of French settlement of New Caledonia. The small series contains the program of their visit, a speech in French given by Latham, notes on New Caledonia, a message from R. G. Casey, a few newscuttings, and some correspondence, mostly with Alan Watt and Mary Stewart of the Department of External Affairs, and including Latham's report to Casey.
Comprises Files 1-2 (Items 1-83).
In October 1952 an agreement was made between the Commonwealth and Australian National Airlines Pty Ltd (ANA Pty Ltd) to provide for the regular review of air routes, timetables, fares and freights so as to avoid unnecessary overlapping of services and wasteful competition. An independent chairman would be appointed to confer with representatives of the Australian National Airlines Commission and ANA Pty Ltd if agreement had not been reached and he would also grant certificates of approval for the purchase or hiring of aircraft from the Commonwealth. The agreement was incorporated in the 1952 Civil Aviation Agreement Act and Latham was appointed chairman in April 1953. In 1957 a new agreement was signed between the Australian National Airlines Commission, ANA Pty Ltd and Ansett Airways Pty Ltd. It provided for a Rationalization Committee, with a Government-appointed Coordinator, but either airline could appeal to the chairman against a decision of the Coordinator. Latham remained chairman until August 1961.
Among the printed items in this series are the Australian National Airlines Acts of 1945, 1947 and 1952, the Civil Aviation Agreement Acts of 1952 and 1957, speeches by R. G. Menzies and S. D. Paltridge on civil aviation (September 1957), a few reports of ANA Pty Ltd and TAA and an address by G. Packer on air transport (20 May 1954). There is a small amount of correspondence between Latham and J. A. Spicer, the Attorney-General, G. P. N. Watt of the Australian National Airlines Commission, and Sir lvan Holyman of ANA Pty Ltd concerning the powers and duties of the Chairman and the 1957 agreement with Ansett Transport Industries.
Comprises Files 1-3 (Items 1-58).
The Prisoners of War Advisory Committee, which had five members, was set up in September 1944 to advise the Department of External Affairs on problems concerning the welfare and repatriation of Australian prisoners of war and internees in Japanese hands. Latham was chairman of the Committee. The correspondence (Items 1-50) dates from August 1944-June 1945 and deals with the composition of the Committee, meetings, and a wireless message scheme. There are also circulars, reports, and minutes of the Australian Red Cross Society relating to prisoners of war.
Comprises File 1 (Items 1-67).
The Save the Dandenongs League was formed in 1951 to oppose the further destruction of forests and beauty spots in the Dandenong Mountains. Latham, who had a house in the Dandenongs, was a patron. The correspondence dates from May 1951-January 1962 and is mostly with May Moon, Professor J. S. Turner and Henry Bolte, concerning relations with Government departments and the Fern Tree Gully Council, the League's opposition to the construction of a factory at Ferny Creek, the management of Sherbrooke Forest, and objections to the Lilydale Planning Scheme. There is also a printed memorandum issued by the League in April 1953 and resolutions of meetings.
Comprises File 1 (Items 1-103).
This small series contains a few letters concerning the Committee on the Constitutional Structure of the United Nations, set up by the International Bar Association in 1953, including Latham's comments on the Committee's draft report. There are also Latham's 1953 Roy Milne Memorial Lecture on open diplomacy, issues of United Nations News, J. Pinder's United Nationsreform; proposals for Charter amendment (1953) and the agenda and report of the United Nations Charter Revision Convention at Sydney in October 1954.
Comprises File 1 (Items 1-55).
The correspondence in this series dates from October 1960-June 1961 and is concerned with Latham's review in Quadrant of the Immigration Reform Group's booklet Control or colour bar?. There are letters from A. R. Downer about Indian immigration control and from James McAuley about the review and a rejoinder by J. A. C. Mackie and K. Rivett. The remaining papers comprise the typescript of Latham's review and material he collected on immigration, including a typescript written by the Board of Social Studies, notes on immigration restrictions in Malaya, Thailand and Pakistan, Japanese and Malayan publications on immigration regulations, articles by Sir James Barrett on the White Australia policy (1922-1927), and cuttings from such periodicals as Forum (1923), Mid-Pacific (1925), Liberty (1928) and Catholic Worker (1960-1961).
Comprises Files 1-5 (Items 1-5).
In this series are typescripts of articles by Latham on industrial relations (1952) and Australian government (1958) and a broadcast on the death of King George VI (1952); an address by G. Anderson entitled 'Astrology, charlatans and dupes'; typescript and handwritten verse, mostly of a humorous kind; a deed of partnership concerning the property of Bonna Vonna in Queensland (1938); notes on various subjects which Latham sent to the Government during World War II; notes on the 1943 elections; and postcards.
Miscellaneous photographs in Folder 6 include two group portraits taken at Officer Training School, Broadmeadows, December 1915-January 1916 and Billy Hughes unveiling the Cross of Sacrifice at Bonnay Cemetery, France, 1921.
Comprises Files 1-6 (Items 1-101). Items in Folder 6 have not been numbered.