Guide to the Records of the Board of Longitude (as filmed by the AJCP)

Searching...

RGO

National Library of Australia View Catalogue Record

Created: 2018

Collection Summary

Creator
Board of Longitude, Great Britain
Title
Records of the Board of Longitude (as filmed by the AJCP)
Date Range
1714 - 1838
Collection Number
RGO
Extent
57 items
Language of Materials
English
Repository
Australian Joint Copying Project
Sponsor
The Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP) online portal was created with the assistance of the Australian Public Service Modernisation Fund, 2017-2020. The National Library of Australia gratefully acknowledges the contributions of the other foundation AJCP partners, the State Library of New South Wales and The National Archives of the UK, and all other organisations which supported the work of the AJCP, the world's most extensive collaborative copying project, operating from 1948 to 1997.

Introduction

Scope and Contents

Papers about the discovery of methods of measuring longitude at sea, notably the work of John Harrison. They also include papers relating to other issues of navigation. There are records, notably logs of scientific observations, relating to some major voyages of discovery, including ones led by Captain James Cook, Captain Matthew Flinders and Captain George Vancover, as well as to the search for the North West Passage.

The Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP) filmed RGO 14, Pieces 1-54.

Conditions Governing Access

Available for Access.

Conditions Governing Use

Many of the records digitised as part of the AJCP are still in copyright. Readers wishing to publish or reproduce documents should seek permission, in the first instance, from the National Archives of the UK. Further advice is available from: The National Archives of the UK. Copyright (http://nationalarchives.gov.uk/legal/copyright/)

Preferred Citation

Acknowledgement of use of this material should refer to the location of the original material (The National Archives of the UK) and to the Australian Joint Copying Project.

Citation of items from this collection should include references to the location of the original material at the National Archives of the UK and to the AJCP nla.obj number, which serves as the online identifier for the digital copy.

Example: TNA Series: CO 201/429, New South Wales. Original Correspondence. Despatches May-June 1850 (AJCP ref: http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-1234)

Further information on TNA citation guidelines in available at The National Archives of the UK

Archival History

Material selectively filmed as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project. AJCP Reels: 1727-1733, 1740-1759.

Original microfilm digitised as part of the AJCP Online Delivery Project, 2017-2020.

Existence and Location of Originals

The records of the Board of Longitude are now held in the Royal Greenwich Observatory Archive located in the Cambridge University Library, they were formerly held by The National Archives of the UK(TNA) where they were filmed by the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP).

Series Reference: RGO 14.

For further information see RGO 14 at The National Archives of the UK. (http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/r/C245)

Information on the Series is also available from the Cambridge University Library. (https://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/collections/rgo14/1).

Existence and Location of Copies

The Papers of the Board of Longtitude have been fully digitised as part of the Board of Longitude Project and are available online at the Cambridge Digital Library. (https://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/collections/longitude)

Finding Aid Note

Dates used in the this finding aid refer to those of the records selected for filming by the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP) rather than to the date range of the original Series or File.

This online finding aid, published by the National Library of Australia in 2018, is a revised online version of the original paper AJCP Handbook:

Australian Joint Copying Project. Handbook. Part 6. Public Record Group: Air Ministry, Board of Trade, Exchequer and Audit Department, Treasury and other Record Groups, Second Edition, pp xviii, 95-97, National Library of Australia, 1995.

Subjects

Great Britain: Board of Longitude

Bibliography

Originally published as:

Australian Joint Copying Project. Handbook. Part 6. Public Record Group: Air Ministry, Board of Trade, Exchequer and Audit Department, Treasury and other Record Groups, Second Edition, National Library of Australia, 1995.

Administrative History

The Board of Longitude was set up by Act of Parliament in 1714 'for the discovery of longitude at sea and for examining, trying and judging of all proposals, experiments and improvements relating to the same'.

The Commissioners, who included the Lord High Admiral, the President of the Royal Society and various Members of Parliament, were empowered to advance sums for promising schemes and to make a reward of £20 000 to the discoverer of a method of determining longitude with a margin of error of less than 30 miles.

The Board met for the first time in 1737. The problem of determining longitude was solved with the invention of a chronometer by John Harrison, a copy of which was tested on Cook's second Pacific voyage in 1772–75. The Board of Longitude was abolished in 1828.

Item Descriptions

Fonds RGO. Records of the Royal Greenwich Observatory, 1714 - 1838

Series RGO 14 (pieces 1-54). Board of Longitude, 1714 - 1838

Papers selected by the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP) for filming include: accounts of meetings of the Board of Longitude at which arrangements were made for sending out astronomers with Captain Cook's expeditions to South Seas; Log books of Adventure and Resolution contain astronomical observations and charts made by Wales and Bayly, whose instruments are listed in pieces 5 and 6, and astronomical observations made by Cook, in 1776 and other astronomers on voyages of exploration, 1791-1802.

Existence and Location of Copies

The Papers of the Board of Longtitude have been fully digitised as part of the Board of Longitude Project and are available online at the Cambridge Digital Library. (https://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/collections/longitude)

Subjects

Cook, Captain James (1728-1779); Adventure (Ship); Resolution (Ship); Astronomy: Observations; Astronomy: Instruments; Pacific Ocean: European discovery and exploration

Acts of Parliament, Orders in Council, rewards, etc., 1714 - 1829 (File 1. AJCP Reel No: 1727)
Papers about salaries of members, imprests and accounts, correspondence, etc., 1782 - 1829 (File 2. AJCP Reel No: 1727)
Meetings of the Board: rough minutes, agenda, attendances, memoranda, letters, etc., 1767 - 1828 (File 3. AJCP Reel No: 1727-1728)
Meetings of the Board: fair minutes, 1765 - 1828 (File 4. AJCP Reel No: 1728)
Confirmed minutes, 1737 - 1779 (File 5. AJCP Reel No: 1728)
Confirmed minutes, 1780 - 1801 (File 6. AJCP Reel No: 1728-1729)
Confirmed minutes, 1802 - 1829 (File 7. AJCP Reel No: 1729)
Confirmed minutes, 1823 - 1829 (File 8. AJCP Reel No: 1729)
Entry book of warrants, certificates and letters, 1782 - 1810 (File 9. AJCP Reel No: 1729)
Committee minutes: reports on methods; tables, instruments: measurements of ships tonnage, etc., 1809 - 1826 (File 10. AJCP Reel No: 1729-1730)
Miscellaneous petitions and memorials, 1782 - 1827 (File 11. AJCP Reel No: 1730)
Lists of instruments, books, papers, publications: loans of instruments, receipts, etc.: recipients of publications, 1782 - 1829 (File 12. AJCP Reel No: 1731)
Publications and books: printers and publishers: accounts, cheques, and counterfoils, etc., 1767 - 1829 (File 13. AJCP Reel No: 1731-1732)
Accounts: individual, 1766 - 1823 (File 14. AJCP Reel No: 1732-1733)
Royal observatory, cape of good hope: weekly notices of the chief business, 23 January 1845 - 25 September 1845 (File 14A. AJCP Reel No: 1733)
Accounts: individual, 1770 - 1823 (File 15. AJCP Reel No: 1733)
Accounts: individual, 1811 - 1828 (File 16. AJCP Reel No: 1740)
United Survey of English and French Coasts: accounts, bills, receipts, 1821 - 1822 (File 17. AJCP Reel No: 1741)
Nautical almanack: miscellaneous papers and letters, 1798 - 1829 (File 18. AJCP Reel No: 1741)
Chronometers: records of trials, papers about improvements, etc., 1779 - 1828 (File 19. AJCP Reel No: 1741-1742)
Arnold's and Earnshaw's chronometers: descriptions, trials, claims, 1783 - 1808 (File 20. AJCP Reel No: 1742)
Originality of Arnold's specifications, 1805 (File 21. AJCP Reel No: 1743)
Originality of Earnshaw's specifications, 1805 (File 22. AJCP Reel No: 1743)
Ulrich's specifications: description and diagrams, 1827 (File 23. AJCP Reel No: 1744)
Astronomical and nautical instruments, 1785 - 1828 (File 24. AJCP Reel No: 1744)
Sounding machines and ships logs, 1790 - 1828 (File 25. AJCP Reel No: 1744-1745)
Methods for longitude by lunar distances, [1805] (File 26. AJCP Reel No: 1749)
Longitude by lunar methods (other than those using lunar distances), 1779 - 1828 (File 27. AJCP Reel No: 1745)
Longitude by Jupiter's satellites, and by various solar and astronomical methods, 1783 - 1828 (File 28. AJCP Reel No: 1746)
Miscellaneous instruments and methods for longitude: management of chronometers at sea, 1783 - 1825 (File 29. AJCP Reel No: 1746-1747)
Impracticable schemes for longitude, 1782 - 1827 (File 30. AJCP Reel No: 1747A-1748)
Methods for determining latitude, 1787 - 1824 (File 31. AJCP Reel No: 1750)
Determination of longitude by magnetic declination and variation, 1782 - 1830 (File 32. AJCP Reel No: 1750-1751)
Miscellaneous inventions, 1785 - 1829 (File 33. AJCP Reel No: 1751)
Miscellaneous astronomical and nautical tables, 1784 - 1828 (File 34. AJCP Reel No: 1754)
Extended manuscript navigation tables, Uncertain (File 35. AJCP Reel No: 1752)
Observations and observatories, 1786 - 1828 (File 36. AJCP Reel No: 1752-1753)
Geodesy, pendulum experiments; Tiark's longitude measurements, 1818 - 1830 (File 37. AJCP Reel No: 1753)
Sabine's longitudes of pendulum stations, 1822 - 1823 (File 38. AJCP Reel No: 1753)
Tides, trade winds, and other nautical and hydrographical matters, 1782 - 1825 (File 39. AJCP Reel No: 1753-1754)
Miscellaneous astronomical, mathematical, nautical and scientific papers, 1769 - 1828 (File 40. AJCP Reel No: 1755)
Irrational astronomical theories, 1785 - 1819 (File 41. AJCP Reel No: 1754-1755)
Perpetual motion claims: quadrature of the circle, etc., 1787 - 1825 (File 42. AJCP Reel No: 1755)
Miscellaneous correspondence, 1783 - 1838 (File 43. AJCP Reel No: 1755-1756)
Log book of the Adventure, 1772 - 1774 (File 44. AJCP Reel No: 1756)
Observations made on board the Adventure, 1772 - 1774 (File 45. AJCP Reel No: 1756)
Log book of the Resolution, 1772 - 1775 (File 46. AJCP Reel No: 1747B)
Observations made on board the Resolution, 1772 - 1775 (File 47. AJCP Reel No: 1756)
Captain Cook's journal of the voyage of 1776: observations of variations in compass and chronometer rates, etc., 1776 (File 47. AJCP Reel No: 1756)
Cook's last voyage: astronomical observations, 1778 - 1780 (File 48. AJCP Reel No: 1756)
Voyage of the Daedalus: Gooch's journal and observations, 1791 - 1792 (File 49. AJCP Reel No: 1757)
Log books of the Investigator, 1801 - 1803 (File 50. AJCP Reel No: 1757-1758)
Observations, 1801 - 1805 (File 50. AJCP Reel No: 1757-1758)
Commander Flinders' memoir on the charts of Australia, 1805 (File 50. AJCP Reel No: 1757-1758)
Voyages of the Investigator: Reduction of astronomical and other observations, 1801 - 1805 (File 51. AJCP Reel No: 1758)
Voyages of the Investigator: observations and calculations, 1801 - 1803 (File 52. AJCP Reel No: 1758)
Voyages of various ships 1763, 1772, 1776–77, 1794–1805: observations and calculations, 1763 - 1794 (File 53. AJCP Reel No: 1758-1759)
Voyages of discovery: various relevant papers, observations, etc., 1787 - 1824 (File 54. AJCP Reel No: 1759)

Top