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The Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP) filmed papers in nine of the collections of individuals in PRO 30.
The AJCP filmed the Hatton (PRO 30/45), Northcote (30/56) and Lord Kitchener (PRO 30/57) Papers in their entirety. Each of these Series have distinctive features.
The Hatton Papers is an artificial Series, in that the records were Home Office official papers that for some reason passed out of the custody of the Home Office and were acquired by Joseph Hatton.
The Northcote Papers are distinctive in that they were assembled in Australia rather than Britain, the letters all relating to Lord Northcote's term as Governor-General. Although only three correspondents are represented in the Series, no other personal papers of Lord Northcote are known to have survived.
The other seven Series have all been filmed selectively and in some cases the selections form a very small proportion of the total collection. Of the seven individuals who assembled the papers, six were British politicians, including two Prime Ministers (William Pitt (PRO 30/8) and Lord John Russell (PRO 30/22) and four Secretaries of State for the Colonies (Russell (PRO 30/22), Edward Cardwell (PRO 30/48), Lord Granville (PRO 30/29), Lord Carnarvon (PRO 30/6).
The remaining Series is somewhat different in that it dates from the twentieth century, was assembled by an official and businessman, Sir Alan Anderson (PRO 30/68), and deals with a single subject, the shipment of Australian wheat to Britain during World War I.
The subject matters of these political Series vary considerably. The Pitt Papers, the only eighteenth century collection, contain documents on the first British settlement in Australia, the establishment of the Pacific whale fishery, and British economic and strategic interests in South East Asia.
The papers filmed in the other Series include material on convicts and transportation (Abbot, Russell), appointments of governors, self-government for the colonies (Russell, Carnarvon), the withdrawal of imperial troops from the colonies (Cardwell, Granville), and British interests and annexations in New Guinea and the Pacific (Russell, Carnarvon, Granville).
Available for Access.
Many of the records digitised as part of the AJCP are still in copyright. Readers wishing to publish or reproduce documents should seek permission, in the first instance, from the National Archives of the UK. Further advice is available from: The National Archives of the UK. Copyright
Acknowledgement of use of this material should refer to the location of the original material (The National Archives of the UK) and to the Australian Joint Copying Project.
Citation of items from this collection should include references to the location of the original material (The National Archives of the UK) and to the AJCP nla.obj number, which serves as the online identifier for the digital copy.
Example: TNA Series: CO 201/429, New South Wales. Original Correspondence. Despatches May-June 1850 (AJCP ref: http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-1234)
Further information on TNA citation guidelines in available at The National Archives of the UK
Original microfilm digitised as part of the AJCP Online Delivery Project, National Library of Australia, 2017-2020.
Material selectively filmed as part of the Australian Joint Copying
Project. AJCP Reels: 6093-6118 (PRO 30/6 - Carnarvon Papers); AJCP Reel: 5992 (PRO 30/8 - Pitt Papers); AJCP Reel: 6322 (PRO 30/9 - Abbot Papers); AJCP Reel: 5993 (PRo 30/22 - Russell Papers); AJCP Reel: 6801-6803 (PRO 30/29 - Granville Papers); AJCP Reel: 6091 (PRO 30/45 - Hatton Papers); AJCP Reel: 6800 (PRO 30/48 - Cardwell Papers); AJCP Reel: 4098 (PRO 30/56 - Northcote Papers) and AJCP Reel: 6321 (PRO 30/68 - Anderson Papers)
The National Archives of the UK (TNA).
Series Reference: PRO 30. For further information, see PRO 30 at The National Archives UK. ((http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/browse/r/h/C659)
The National Archives of the UK has acquired other personal or semi-personal Series from government departments and in such cases the Series are grouped with the other records of those departments. The AJCP also filmed a number of Foreign Office, Treasury and Cabinet Office Series consisting of papers of Ministers or officials.
Dates used in the this finding aid refer to those of the records selected for filming by the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP) rather than to the date range of the original Series or File.
This online inding aid, published by the National Library of Australia in 2018, is a revised version of the original papers AJCP Handbooks:
Australian Joint Copying Project. Handbook Part 9: Public Record Office Personal Collections, National Library of Australia, reprinted 1991.
Australian Joint Copying Project Handbook. Part 11: Public Record Office, Classes filmed in the final five years of the Australian Joint Copying Project, National Library of Australia, printed 2005.
Because the nine Series differ considerably in size, content and arrangement, the descriptive lists prepared by the AJCP do not have the uniformity of the other TNA (PRO) finding aids. In some cases there is simply a general description, in others a list of pieces with brief details of subject content and in others a detailed calendar.
It is hoped that the descriptive list will alert the attention of researchers firstly to the existence of some of the personal papers held in the Public Record Office and secondly to the important and varied Australian and Pacific source material in the collections of The National Archives of the UK.
Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are advised that this Finding Aid contains material and descriptive information which may be considered culturally sensitive and may cause distress, including names and images of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people now deceased. This Finding Aid contains terms that reflect authors' views or those of the historical period, but which may not be considered appropriate today. While the information may not reflect current understanding, it is provided in an historical context.
First published as:
Records acquired by the The National Archives of the UK, by means of gift, deposit or purchase from individuals, families or organisations are in a special Series, PRO 30. Most of the Series in PRO 30 in the Series comprise papers of individuals who were involved in public life.
The PRO (Public Record Office) was the previous name of The National Archives of the UK.
Correspondence received while Secretary of State for Colonies, 1874-1878. Subjects of correspondence selectively filmed by the Australian Joint Copying Project include: covered in the correspondence include: annexation of Fiji and official appointments, return of British troops to Australia, honours and appointments, and Pacific labour trade.
From 1879-1882 correspondence covered the organisation of the Colonial Defence Commission, and colonial defences, and while Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, 1885-1886 he wrote about denominational education in Australia.
Material was selectively filmed as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP Reels 6093-6118).
Series Reference: PRO 30/6. For further information, see PRO 30/6, Carnarvon Papers, at The National Archives of the UK. (http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/browse/r/h/C11952)
The original AJCP microfilm of the records filmed from this collection is available at the National Library of Australia [https://nla.gov.au/nla.cat-vn2087268] as well as other institutions holding AJCP microfilm.
Earl of Carnarvon (1831-1890); Australia; Oceania; Fiji; Indigenous Australians; Aboriginals, Australia; King Thakombau; Gordon, Sir Arthur Charles Hamilton; Tonga; Samoa; Norfolk Island; New Guinea; Sarawak; Bowen, Sir George Ferguson; Goodenough, James Graham, Commodore; New Zealand; Weld, Sir Frederick Aloysius; Childers, Hugh Culling Eardley; Federation, Australian; Grey, Sir George; Hawaii; Pacific labour trade; Parkes, Sir Henry; Stanley, Sir Edward; Victoria; Colonial Defence Commission; Missions and missionaries; Darling, Sir Charles Henry; Defence, naval; Suter, Andrew Burn, Bishop; Maori Wars; South Australia; Robinson, Sir Hercules George Robert; Defence, military; Cakobau, King of Fiji; France; Rosario, H.M.S.; Barry, Sir Redmond; Berry, Sir Graham; Daintree, Richard; Duffy, Sir Charles Gavan; Forrest, Sir John; Hackett, Sir William; Hobart, Tasmania; Macleay, Sir George; Selwyn, George Augustus, Bishop; Tonga; Basilisk, H.M.S.; Ireland; Leveson-Gower, Granville George; Milne, Sir Alexander; Moran, Patrick Francis, Cardinal; Moresby, John, Capt.; Pearl fisheries; Roman Catholic Church; Acland, Sir Thomas; Cairns, Sir Hugh McCalmont; Cocos (Keeling) Islands; Denison, Sir William Thomas; Colonial Office; Maoris; Pitcairn Island; Torres Strait; Adelaide, South Australia; Canada; Hamilton, Lord Claud; Hay, Lord John; Heathcote, Sir William; Kingsley, Charles; Melbourne Intercolonial Exhibition (1866); Murchison, Sir Roderick; Nicholson, Sir Charles; Wentworth, William Charles; Wilberforce, Samuel, Bishop; Bannister, Saxe; Hale, Mathew Blagden, Bishop; Nixon, Francis Russell, Bishop; Peel, Jonathan, General
Henry Howard Molyneux Herbert (1831-1890), 4th Earl of Carnarvon (succeeded 1849).
Carnarvon began his official career as Under-Secretary for the Colonies in the Conservative Government led by Lord Derby in 1858-1859. In June 1866 he joined Lord Derby's third Ministry as Secretary of State for the Colonies, but resigned in March 1867 on the question of parliamentary reform.
From February 1874 to January 1878 Carnarvon was again Secretary of State for the Colonies, resigning this time on the question of Disraeli's Eastern policy.
He was Chairman of the Royal Commission on Defence of Colonial Possessions from 1879 to 1882 and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from June 1885 to January 1886. He visited South Africa and Australia in 1887-1888.
Subjects include annexation of Fiji; Sir Hercules Robinson's mission to Fiji; presentation of yacht to King Thakombau; appointment of Sir Arthur Gordon as Governor of Fiji; name of Fiji; war club of King Thakombau; Fijian mortality rate; photograph of Indigenous Australians.
Subjects include measles epidemic in Fiji; presentation of statues of Royal Family to Melbourne Public Library; death of Commodore J. Goodenough; photographs of Fiji; passage from New Zealand for brother of J. Brown; site for capital of Fiji; despatches of Sir Arthur Gordon; completion of telegraph to New Zealand.
Subjects include statue of Queen for Melbourne Public Library; N.S.W. appointment for J. Fuller; site for capital of Fiji; new Parliament House in Melbourne; Norfolk Island; completion of telegraph to Western Australia; Sir Arthur Gordon.
Subjects include statues of Royal Family for Public Library of Victoria; dinner for Sir George Bowen; proposed visit to Australia by Prince of Wales.
Subjects include mission to Fiji of Commodore J. Goodenough; terms of annexation; ships and troops for Fiji; gift of H.M.S. Rosario to New Zealand; honour for Commodore Goodenough.
Subjects include annexation of Fiji; appointment of Sir Arthur Gordon as Governor; the establishment of a court for the South Pacific; report of Sir George Bowen on Australia; possible annexation of New Guinea; resignation of W. Cairns as Governor of Queensland.
Subjects include Fijian appointments; Fijian loan; New Zealand loan; financial proposals of Sir Julius Vogel; mission of J. Froude to South Africa and Australia.
Subjects include annexation of Fiji; name of Fiji; French interest in New Guinea.
Subjects include F. Weld; colonial appointments.
Subjects include Fiji; possible annexation of New Guinea.
Subjects include annexation of Fiji; appointment of Governor of Fiji; possible visit of Prince of Wales to Australia; Sir Julius Vogel; possible return of British troops to Australian colonies; colonial honours.
Subjects include need for engineers in Fiji; defence of Fiji; possible return of British troops to Australia; proposed commission on colonial defences.
Subjects include return of British troops to Australian colonies; appointment of Sir William Jervois to advise Australian colonies on defences; address from Melbourne on marriage of Duke of Edinburgh.
Subjects include naturalist J. Young; N.S.W. constitutional crisis; Pacific Islanders Protection Bill.
Subjects include Colonial Stocks Bill; Pacific Islanders Bill; New Zealand loan; Sir Julius Vogel; situation in Samoa.
Subjects include Sir Edward Deas Thomson; Sir William Jervois; Sir George Macleay; G.E. Dalrymple; Sir Julius Vogel; Sir James Hector; Sir Anthony Musgrave; A. Macalister; R. Daintree; Sir Arthur Blyth; Bishop G.A. Selwyn; Sir Henry Parker; Sir Redmond Barry; Sir William Robinson; Sir Charles Gavan Duffy; Sir Arthur Gordon.
Subjects include protection of Sandwich Islanders; annexation of Fiji; H. Parkes; free trade in N.S.W.
Correspondence between Carnarvon and State Governors. Western Australia: F. Weld (ff. 1–13), W. Robinson (ff. 14–69), Sir Harry Ord (ff. 70–2); Queensland: Lord Normanby (ff. 74–108), W.W. Cairns (ff. 109–26); South Australia: W.W. Cairns (ff. 127–8); Tasmania: C. Du Cane (ff. 130–6), F. Weld (ff. 137–54); New South Wales: Sir Hercules Robinson (ff. 156–247); Victoria: Sir George Bowen (ff. 248–430).
Subjects include introduction of responsible government in Western Australia; transfer of F. Weld to Tasmania; transfer of Lord Normanby to New Zealand; annexation of Fiji; J. Forrest; divisions within Hobart society; relations between squatters and free selectors in N.S.W.; honours; mission of Sir Hercules Robinson to Fiji in 1874; Australian defences and use of Imperial troops; H. Parkes; A. Garran; political factions in Victoria; visit of Sir George Bowen to Canada and Pacific Islands; political crisis in Victoria in 1876; G. Berry; protection in Victoria; obstacles to Australian federation; 1877 Victorian elections; Sir Charles Gavan Duffy; relations between Legislative Assembly and Council in Victoria.
Correspondence between Carnarvon and Sir James Fergusson, Lord Normanby (ff. 1–176), Sir Arthur Gordon (ff. 177–361).
Subjects include ownership of Pacific Islands; annexation of Fiji; possible transfer of Norfolk Island to New Zealand; prerogative of mercy; return of Sir James Fergusson to Britain; honours; abolition of provinces in New Zealand; public finances; Sir Julius Vogel; Sir George Grey; plans of Sir Arthur Gordon for Government of Fiji; appointment of colonial officers; mission of Sir Hercules Robinson to Fiji; first impressions of Fiji; E. Layard; native lands; revenue; village burnings; relations with Tonga and Samoa; Gordon's interest in another governorship.
Correspondents Include Lord Belmore, Sir Redmond Barry.
Subjects include appointment of Sir W. Hackett to Fiji; appointment of Sir James Martin as Administrator of N.S.W.; commutation of death sentence in N.S.W.; Pacific Islanders Bill; Melbourne Public Library.
Correspondents include Lord Canterbury, H.C.E. Childers, Sir Charles Gavan Duffy, C. Du Cane, W. Vesey Fitzgerald, W. Forster, Sir James Fergusson.
Subjects include annexation of Fiji; the Colonial Museum; prerogative of mercy in Victoria; departure of C. du Cane from Tasmania.
Correspondents include J. Goodenough, Lord Grey, E. Knatchbull Huggesson, A.B. Hope.
Subjects include annexation of Fiji; Sir Julius Vogel; Consul E. March (Fiji); N.S.W. Deceased Sister Act; Colonial Marriages Bill.
Correspondents include Lord Kimberley, E. Layard, J. Lowther, Duke of Manchester, J. Moresby.
Subjects include Fiji Commission; use of British troops in colonies; discoveries by Basilisk in New Guinea; French expedition to New Guinea.
Correspondents include H. Parkes.
Subjects include visit of J. Churchill to N.S.W.; mission of Sir Hercules Robinson to Fiji; speeches of H. Parkes; restrictions on Chinese immigration into Queensland.
Correspondents include Lord Stanley, G. Verdon, Sir Julius Vogel.
Subjects include Pacific labour question; colonisation of New Guinea; statue of Prince Albert for Melbourne; construction of cable to New Zealand.
Includes four memoranda on acreage; estimated revenue and expenditure; annexation and history of Fiji.
Includes thirteen memoranda on Queensland pearl fishery; New Guinea's mineral wealth; Fiji missionaries; Pacific labour trade; reports from E. Layard in Fiji; telegraph between Sydney and New Zealand.
Includes eighteen memoranda on Pacific labour trade; Fiji Commission; Commodore J. Goodenough; annexation of Fiji; Victorian politics; New Zealand stock; Chinese poll tax in Queensland; N.S.W. Legislative Council; Sir Hercules Robinson.
Correspondence about the organisation of the Commission between Carnarvon and Lord Kimberley, Lord Cranbrook, Sir Michael Hichs-Beach, H.C.E. Childers, Sir Henry Holland, Sir Alexander Milne and Lord Granville.
conversation with Cardinal Moran on disadvantages of Roman Catholic children in Australia; growing support for denominational education system
Includes reports and maps on Cocos and Keeling Islands (ff. 67–8), Fiji (ff. 76–8), Torres Straits (ff. 110–12)
Australian and New Zealand memoranda (ff. 104–209), mostly written by Carnarvon.
Subjects include Australian federation; New Zealand politics; N.S.W. politics; Australian constitutions; Maoris; military affairs in New Zealand; railway from Lyttelton to Christchurch; New Zealand New Provinces Act; separation of Moreton Bay from N.S.W.; Northern Australian Exploring Expedition; Australian postal communications.
Subjects include Church affairs in Victoria; bishopric of Brisbane; Roman Catholic ecclesiastical titles in colonies; ecclesiastical jurisdiction of Norfolk Island; transfer of Straits Settlements to Colonial Office; changes in governorships; cession of Fiji; annexation of Sarawak; colonial defences.
This Series was oriignally tiled "Secretary of State for Colonies, 1866-1867" in the AJCP Handbook. Part 9. PRO 30/6.
Correspondents include: Sir Thomas Acland, C. Adderley.
Subjects include: Pitcairn Islanders; colonial bishoprics; H. Sewell; appointment of Governor of Western Australia.
Correspondents include Sir George Bowen, Sir James Brooke, T. Gore Brown, Duke of Buckingham.
Subjects include appointment at Melbourne Mint; request of Sir George Bowen for transfer from Brisbane; currency question; Australian federation; naming of port in Queensland after Carnarvon; honours; appointment of Governor of N.S.W.; Colonial Office business.
Correspondents include Sir Hugh Cairns, Duke of Cambridge, Archbishop of Canterbury, E. Cardwell, Sir George Bowen.
Subjects include martial law in colonies; colonial Church; consecration of Bishop A.B. Suter and Bishop W. Sawyer; conduct of Sir Charles Darling; Sir George Grey; currency question in Queensland.
Correspondents include W. Church, B. Cochrane, D. Cooper, Sir Walter Crofton.
Subjects include formation of colonial association; appointment of superintendent of police in Western Australia; H. Lefroy; convict management in Western Australia; Hawaiian Mission.
Correspondents include Sir William Denison, Lord Derby.
Subjects include colonial Church; request by Victoria for naval assistance; honours.
Correspondents include Lord Derby.
Subjects include general colonial matters; appointments.
Correspondents Include Sir Philip Egerton. T. Elliot, Bishop E. Browne (Ely).
Subjects include appointment of Governor of Western Australia; Sir Charles Darling; appointment of Comptroller of Convicts in Western Australia; stipends of clergy in Western Australia; military campaign in New Zealand.
Correspondents include Lord Forester, W. Franks.
Subjects include appointment of Governor of New Zealand.
Correspondents include F. Gisborne, A. Gordon.
Subjects include extension of telegraph to Australia.
Correspondents include Sir John Grant, H. Grogan, G. Grove.
Subjects include appointment of Deputy Surveyor-General of Western Australia and Colonial Treasurer of Queensland.
Correspondence between Carnarvon and Sir Charles Grey.
Subjects include appointment of bishops; construction of Albert Tower in Adelaide; Royal Society of N.S.W.; Melbourne Exhibition; police magistracy in Western Australia; Sir Charles Darling.
Correspondents include Lord Claud Hamilton, Lord Harrowby, Lord John Hay, E. Hawkins, Sir William Heathcote, E. Henderson.
Subjects include extension of governorship of Sir George Bowen; appointment of Comptroller of Convicts in Western Australia; Governorship of Western Australia; M. Lefroy.
Correspondents include R. Herbert, A. Hodgson, A.B. Hope.
Subjects include return of R. Herbert from Queensland; Queensland politics; Sir George Bowen; visit of A. Hodgson to England; Bishopric of Labuan.
Correspondents include W. Kemp, C. Kingsley.
Subjects include Church in South Australia.
Correspondents include H. Lefroy, Sir Edward Lugard, Lord Lytton.
Subjects include need for Engineers officers in Victoria; appointment of Deputy Surveyor-General of Western Australia; military affairs in Victoria.
Correspondents include J. Macdonald, Lord Malmesbury.
Subjects include honour for G. Verdon.
Correspondents include H. Merivale, A. Mills, Sir Roderick Murchison.
Subjects include Pitcairn Islanders.
Correspondence between Carnarvon and Lord Monck, Governor-General of Canada.
Correspondents include Sir Charles Nicholson, Bishop S. Wilberforce.
Subjects include telegraph communication with Australia; W.C. Wentworth; colonial bishops.
Correspondents include General J. Peel, Bishop M.B. Hale.
Subjects include command of military forces in Australia; appointment of E. Hampton as Comptroller-General in Western Australia.
Correspondents include Sir Hercules Robinson, Sir Frederic Rogers, Lord Rosslyn.
Subjects include Victorian defences; colonial bishoprics; appointment of police magistrate in Western Australia.
Correspondents include Lord Stanley.
Subjects include colonial appointments.
Correspondents include Lord Stanley, Bishop A.B. Suter.
Subjects include Bishopric of Nelson.
Correspondents include H. Taylor, G. Verdon.
Subjects include Bishop F. Nixon; S. Bannister; Victorian Mint; Victorian defences; colonial honours.
Correspondents include W. Wayte, Sir William Williams.
Subjects include Governorship of Western Australia; B.T. Finniss.
Correspondents include Sir Philip Wodehouse, Sir Henry Young.
Subjects include relations between J.S. Hampton and Bishop M.B. Hale.
Printed and handwritten memoranda, including notes of conversations.
Subjects include: extension of telegraph to Australia; naval defenses of Victoria; Melbourne docks; alleged acts of inhumanity by troops in New Zealand; political affairs in South Australia; sentences passed on convicts in Western Australia.
Memoranda and letters by Cabinet Ministers on diverse subjects. Subjects include franchise in Australia; naval defences of Victoria.
Mostly papers on colonial bishoprics, including Australian bishoprics.
The Australian Joint Copying Project selectively filmed records relating to the first British settlement in Australia, the establishment of the Pacific whaling fishery and British economic and strategic interests in South East Asia. As well as papers of William Pitt (the Younger) there are letters written to John Pitt, 2nd Earl of Chatham (1756–1835), who held a number of offices in his brother's Government.
Also filmed is a letter written to their father, William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham, who was M.P. 1735-1766, Secretary of State 1756-1757 and 1757-1761, and Prime Minister in 1766-1768.
Material selectively filmed as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP Reel 5992).
Original microfilm digitised as part of the AJCP Online Delivery Project, 2017-2020.
Series Reference: PRO 30/8. For further information, see PRO 30/8, William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham, at The National Archives of the UK. (http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/browse/r/h/C11954)
The original AJCP microfilm of the records filmed from this collection is available at the National Library of Australia [https://nla.gov.au/nla.cat-vn2087277] as well as other institutions holding AJCP microfilm.
William Pitt (1759-1806); John Pitt, Earl of Chatham (1756-1835); East India Company; convicts; New South Wales; East Indies; East Indies: commerce; New Guinea; Hawaii; East India Company; East Indies; First Fleet; China; Great Britain, Navy Board; Timor; Netherlands; Manila, Philippines; Baring, Sir Francis; Bathurst, C.; Cape of Good Hope; Dundas, Henry; Phillip, Arthur, Capt.; Pitt, William; Royal Admiral, ship; Stewart, Robert, Viscount Castlereagh; Campbell, Duncan; Enderby, Samuel; Hamilton, Douglas; Nepean, Sir Evan; Sirius, H.M.S.; South Sea Company; Sumatra; Neptune, ship; Vestal, H.M.S.; Banks, Sir Joseph; Forrest, Thomas, Capt.; Young, Sir George; Japan; Java; Malacca
Known as the Chatham Papers at the The National Archives of the UK, most of the papers selected for filming are those of William Pitt (The Younger) (1759–1806). A Tory M.P. 1781–1806, he was appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1782 and became Prime Minister in 1783, at the age of only 24. He held both offices until 1801. Pitt re-entered office as Prime Minister and Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1804 and died in office in 1806.
William Pitt (1759–1806)
intends to publish account of discoveries in South Pacific, provided Government has no objection
Correspondence arranged alphabetically
Lord Auckland to Pitt, complains of exclusion from Government; urges cruisers be sent to Dutch colonies in East Indies
F. Baring to Pitt, formation of King's Company of Philippine Islands to unite commerce of Asia and America and South Seas
McLean seeks appointment as Collector of Customs at Prince of Wales Island
Recommends Spanish explorer Mendoza be allowed to leave England.
J. Bentham to Pitt, penitentiary system could be established at much less cost than convict hulk system
Capt. E. Bond to Pitt, seeks command of East Indiaman as reward for carrying out convicts to N.S.W. on Royal Admiral
I. Byers to Pitt, proposes attack on Dutch settlements in East Indies
J. Colnett to [Pitt], n.d.: account of seizure of Colnett's ship by Spanish vessels on voyage to north-west Pacific
S. Cottrell to Pitt, meeting of Board of Trade and East India Company; encloses proposal on trade and navigation in Pacific Ocean and Eastern Seas
J. Fowell to Pitt, seeks compensation on account of loss of property of late Lieut. N. Fowell when Sirius was wrecked
Duke of Hamilton to Pitt, recommends pardon for G. Miller, sentenced to transportation; encloses letter and character references from W. Napier, J. Cleland, M. McCullock and others
E. Nepean. Memorandum on James Matra
H. Perfect to Pitt, wishes to settle in N.S.W.; knowledge of sugar growing and other forms of farming
W. Popham to Pitt, submits plan for conquest of Philippines
D. Scott to [Pitt], Dutch Commercial Treaty; Dutch annoyance at British settlement at Prince of Wales Island and opposition to any settlements further east
W. Tasker to G. Rose, valuation and sale of Dutch East India ships
Capt. G. Vancouver to [Lord Spencer], encloses memorial on capture of Dutch East Indiaman; publication of account of voyage; payments made to A. Menzies
N. Wraxall to Pitt, advantages and drawbacks of attacks on various Spanish colonies; difficulty of attacking Pacific colonies or Philippines
Pitt to J. Rolle, decision not yet made on destination for convicts; ships will be procured to transport about 1,000 convicts
Petition of W. Powell against sentence of transportation
J. Ewart. Memorandum on time required to sail from Cape of Good Hope to New Zealand and across Pacific to America
Accounts of tonnage of transport employed at various stations (including N.S.W.) in each month
Account of voyage of frigate Vestal to Cape of Good Hope, Christmas Island, Java, Natal and Plymouth
Memorandum on legislative amendments required to open up South Sea fishery in accordance with recent Convention with Spain
Sir Joseph Banks to H. Dundas, value of cultivation of sago and date palm in East Indies: refers to voyage of T. Forrest to New Guinea
Correspondence filmed selectively by the Australian Joint Copying Project date from period when Abbot was Chief Secretary for Ireland and concern convicts and transportation to Australia.
Material selectively filmed as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP Reel 6322). Original microfilm digitised as part of the AJCP Online Delivery Project, 2017-2020.
Series Reference: PRO 30/9. For further information, see PRO 30/9, Abbot Papers (Colchester), at The National Archives of the UK. (http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/browse/r/h/C11955)
The original AJCP microfilm of the records filmed from this collection is available at the National Library of Australia [https://nla.gov.au/nla.cat-vn2087286] as well as other institutions holding AJCP microfilm.
Charles Abbot (1757-1829); British Politicians: Correspondence; Convict transportation; Australia; Ireland; Convict ships; Botany Bay, New South Wales; Atlas, ship; Bentinck, William Henry Cavendish; Cornwallis, Charles; Fox, L., Judge; Hayes, Sir Henry Browne; Hercules, ship; Marsden, A.; Wolfe, Arthur; Yorke, Philip
Charles Abbot (1757-1829) entered the House of Commons in 1797. After serving on a number of committees he was appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland in 1801. In 1802 Abbot became the Speaker of the House of Commons, a position he occupied until 1817, when he retired with a peerage.
Memorial of T. Neilson to Lord Hardwicke appealing against sentence of transportation for stealing soap to value of sixpence passed by Lifford Assizes
Correspondence of E. Cooke, Lord Cornwallis and Duke of Portland on arrest of and proceedings against N. Tandy for treason
Correspondence includes letters and memoranda on convicts and transportation, the appointment of Governors and other colonial appointments, self-government for the Australian colonies, British interests in the Pacific.
Material selectively filmed as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP Reel 5993). Original microfilm digitised as part of the AJCP Online Delivery Project, 2017-2020.
Series Reference: PRO 30/22. For further information, see PRO 30/22, Lord John Russell: Papers, at TNA.
The original AJCP microfilm of the records filmed from this collection is available at the National Library of Australia [https://nla.gov.au/nla.cat-vn564983] as well as other institutions holding AJCP microfilm.
John Russell; Earl Russell (1792-1878); Convicts; Convict transportation; ; Aboriginals, Australian; France; Norfolk Island; Grey, Sir George; Hawaii; Selwyn, George Augustus, Bishop; Victoria; Ireland; Roman Catholic Church; Missions and missionaries; Defence, naval; Denison, Sir William Thomas; Great Britain, Colonial Office; Sarawak; Canada; Maori Wars; South Australia; Wilberforce, Samuel, Bishop; Hale, Mathew Blagden, Bishop; New Zealand; Tasmania; Arthur, Sir George; Colonial Land and Emigration Commission; New Zealand Company; Wakefield, Edward Gibbon; Gladstone, William Ewart; Labouchere, Henry; Pacific Naval Station; Royal Navy; Villiers, George; Goldfields; Shenandoah (ship); New Caledonia; Governors; Fiji; Defence, military; Church of England; Penang, Malaysia; Constitutional law: Australia; Franklin, Sir John; Howard, George William, Viscount Morpeth; Hume, Joseph; Port Arthur, Tasmania; Gipps, Sir George; Polding, John Bede, Archbishop; Tahiti; Wakefield, Edward Gibbon; Wellesley, Arthur (1st Duke of Wellington); Fitzroy, Sir Charles Augustus; Hornby, Sir Phipps, Admiral; Jervis, Sir John; West Indies; Ballarat, Victoria; Eureka rebellion; Auckland, New Zealand
Lord John Russell (1792-1878). Son of the 6th Duke of Bedford, Russell was a Whig M.P. from 1813-1817 and 1818-1861. Offices which he held included Leader of the Liberal Party in the House of Commons 1835-1855, Home Secretary 1835-1839, Secretary of State for War and Colonies in the Melbourne Government in 1839-1841, Prime Minister 1846-1852, Foreign Secretary in the Aberdeen Government 1852-1853, Secretary of State for the Colonies in the Palmerston Government Feb.–July 1855, Foreign Secretary in the Palmerston Government 1859-1865, and Prime Minister 1865-1866.
The papers selectively filmed by the Australian Joint Copying Project are predominantly those of the 2nd Earl Granville relating to his service in the first three Gladstone Ministries.
Selected correspondence filmed concerns transportation of convicts, annexations in New Guinea, colonial appointments and other colonial matters such as Australian naval defence, war in Fiji. Additional papers of the 1st Earl Granville, include claims for expenses in search of Laperouse.
Dates used in the this finding aid refer to those of the records selected for filming by the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP) rather than to the date range of the original , Series or File.
Material selectively filmed as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP Reels 6801-6803). Original microfilm digitised as part of the AJCP Online Delivery Project, 2017-2020.
Series Reference: PRO 30/29. For further information, see Pro 30/29, Leveson-Gower, 1st Earl Granville, at The National Archives of the UK. (http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/browse/r/h/C11975)
The original AJCP microfilm of the records filmed from this collection is available at the National Library of Australia [https://nla.gov.au/nla.cat-vn564993] as well as other institutions holding AJCP microfilm.
Earl Granville (1815-1891); Granville Leveson-Gower (1773-1846); Leveson-Gower, Lord Granville; Australia: Defences; Convicts; Papua; Bowen, Sir George Ferguson; France; Goodenough, James Graham, Commodore; Gordon, Sir Arthur Charles Hamilton; New Guinea; New Zealand; Berry, Sir Graham; Federation, Australian; Forster, William Edward; Grey, Sir George; Hawaii; Pacific labour trade; Samoa; Tonga; Victoria; Missions and missionaries; Cardwell, Edward; Defence, naval; Great Britain, Colonial Office; Canada; Maori Wars; China; Netherlands; Wakefield, Edward Gibbon; Gladstone, William Ewart; Goldfields; New Caledonia; Campbell, George Douglas; Carrington, Charles Robert Wynn; Kalakanao, King of Hawaii; New Hebrides; Tryon, Sir George, Admiral; United States of America; New Britain; Rothschild, A. de; Aunay, C.M.S. Le Peletier, Comte d'; Lyons, Richard Bickerton; Australian Naval Defence Scheme; Pacific Islands; Fiji; Defence, military; Bigge, John Thomas; Huskisson, William; Murdoch, Sir Thomas; Peel, Sir Robert; Canterbury, New Zealand
Lord Granville Leveson-Gower (1773-1846) 1st Viscount Granville (created 1815), 1st Earl Granville (created 1833).Son of 1st Marquess of Stafford, Granville held a number of diplomatic posts and in particular was Ambassador to France in 1824-1828, 1830-1835 and 1835-1841.
Granville George Leveson-Gower (1815-1891) 2nd Earl Granville (succeeded 1846).
An M.P. in 1837-1840 and 1841-1846, Granville was Foreign Secretary in 1851-1852, Lord President of Council 1852-1854, 1855-1858 and 1859-1866, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 1854-1855, Secretary of State for the Colonies 1868-1870, Foreign Secretary 1870-1874 and 1880-1885, and Secretary of State for the Colonies Feb. - Aug. 1886. Granville was leader of the Liberal Party in the House of Lords from 1868 to 1891.
Appointment as master of ceremonies to King and Queen of Sandwich Islands; description of royal party; visits to country house, theatre and British Museum; illnesses of Sandwich Islanders; meeting with King George IV; Sandwich Island accounts; Foreign Office news; appointment of Granville as Ambassador at Paris. (8 letters)
Acceptance of subpoena to appear in libel case brought against J.T. Bigge.
Includes interest in emigration; evidence to Irish Committee; relations with R. Peel, F. Robinson, W. Huskisson.
Refers to 'enormous amount of evil by which present Australian prosperity has been secured' and drawbacks of reviving convict transportation.
Motion in House of Lords on select committee to consider law and practice of transportation.
Refers to a despatch from Sir William Denison recommending an honour for Gregory.
The papers in Piece 25A are arranged in subject and miscellaneous bundles and are not foliated.
Delay in distribution of Fiji papers.
Includes part of a letter (f.196) to Granville regarding a demonstration in Brussels in 1848, Feb. 19 1879.
Includes: Telegram from the Queen, Aug. 12, 1881; Civil G.C.B.
Includes additional letter to Granville, June 1st 1884: Egyptian negotiations; Mr. Ferry's answers.
Although described individually, this document was originally microfilmed with a page from another document. The last page of the document described can be found at the beginning of nla.obj-728735380.
The papers in Piece 213 are arranged in alphabetical and subject bundles and are not foliated.
Encloses printed letter to Count Sebastiani, 17 Sept. 1831.
The Hatton Papers are Home Office estrays. They have been copied in their entirety by the Australian Joint Copying Project.
The papers comprise petitions and letters to the King, Prince Regent and Home Secretaries from convicts or friends of convicts appealing against their sentences. The bulk of the letters (ff. 51–799) date from 1812 to 1823 and are addressed to Lord Sidmouth and Robert Peel. Other papers were sent to Lord Sydney, Lord Grenville, R. Ryder and Lord Spencer and to Home Office officials such as J. Beckett, J. Capper, G. Dawson and H. Hobhouse. There are some copies of replies.
Many of the papers refer to transportation and to New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land. Some appeals sought the commutation of death sentences to transportation, others appealed against sentences of transportation. There are requests for free passage for wives of convicts and requests for information about convicts in N.S.W. Among the correspondents are L. Macquarie (ff. 61–2), T. Davey (f. 202) and Sir Thomas Brisbane (ff. 761–2).
Material selectively filmed as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP Reel 6091). Original microfilm digitised as part of the AJCP Online Delivery Project, 2017-2020.
In about 1868 Hatton puchased at a sale a collection of miscellaneous papers of the Home Secretary and Home Office officials which for some reason were not incorporated in the official records of the Home Office. They were presented to the Public Record Office by his daughter in 1942.
Series Reference: PRO 30/45. For further information, see PRO 30/45, Joseph Hatton Collection of Home Office Criminal Papers, at TNA.
The original AJCP microfilm of the records filmed from this collection is available at the National Library of Australia [https://nla.gov.au/nla.cat-vn2087305] as well as other institutions holding AJCP microfilm.
Convict transportation: New South Wales; Convict transportation: Tasmania; Convicts; Great Britain; New South Wales; Tasmania; Peel, Sir Robert; Addington, Henry; Brisbane, Sir Thomas Makdougall; Capper, J.; Davey, Thomas; Dawson, G.; Home Office; Grenville, William Wyndham; Hatton, Joseph; Hobhouse, Henry; Macquarie, Lachlan; Ryder, Richard; Spencer, George John; Townshend, Thomas
Joseph Hatton (1841-1907) was a journalist and a prolific novelist. He edited publications such as the Gentleman's Magazine, Illustrated Midland News and the Sunday Times, and acted as London correspondent for the New York Times, the Sydney Morning Herald and the Berlin Kreuz-Zeitung. Apart from the popularity of his numerous novels, he had some success in dramatising both his own work and that of others.
The papers filmed by the Australian Joint Copying Project relate primarily to Cardwell's period as Secretary of State for War, but also include two items from his term at the Colonial Office.
Papers filmed include correspondence and memoranda from Cardwell while he was Secretary of State for War. The papers cover withdrawal or retention of Imperial troops in the colonies, issue of medals for the New Zealand and Abyssinian campaigns and the appointment of Commandants. As Secretary of State for Colonies Cardwell received congratulations on his role in the New Zealand war. Earlier correspondence discusses the Smith O'Brien case.
Material selectively filmed as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP Reel 6800). Original microfilm digitised as part of the AJCP Online Delivery Project, 2017-2020.
The National Archive of the UK (TNA).
Series Reference: PRO 30/48. For further information, see PRO 30/48, Viscount Edward Cardell: Papers, at TNA. (http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/browse/r/h/C11994)
The original AJCP microfilm of the records filmed from this collection is available at the National Library of Australia [https://nla.gov.au/nla.cat-vn565003] as well as other institutions holding AJCP microfilm.
Edward Cardwell; Viscount Cardwell (1813-1886); War Office: Records and correspondence; Maori: Warfare; New Zealand; Norfolk Island: politics and government; Medals: New Zealand; Stirling, C.E., Capt.; Bowen, Sir George Ferguson; Bowen, Sir George Ferguson; Childers, Hugh Culling Eardley; George William, Prince of England; Grey, Sir George; Victoria; Leveson-Gower, Granville George; Wodehouse, John; Cardwell, Edward; Maori Wars; Temple, Henry John; O'Brien, William Smith (1803-1864); Peel, Sir Robert; Lowe, Robert; Chute, Sir Trevor; Goschen, George Joachim; Noel, J.; Featherston, Isaac Earl; Wodehouse, E.; Airey, R.; Biddulph, R.; Carmichael, J.; Harvest, Edward Douglas, Major; Osborne, S.; Pitt, Henry Dowdeswell, Capt.; Seymour, W.B.; Snee, William Henry, Capt.; Stubbs, Thomas; Sullivan, E.H.; Tauranga, New Zealand; Goulburn, Henry
Edward Cardwell (1813-1886), 1st Viscount Cardwell (created 1874).
Successively a Conservative, Peelite and Liberal M.P. from 1846 to 1874, Cardwell was President of the Board of Trade in 1852-1855, Chief Secretary for Ireland 1859-1861, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 1861-1864, Secretary of State for the Colonies 1864-1866 and Secretary of State for War in the first Gladstone Ministry, 1868-1874.
memorandum by Duke of Cambridge on closer connection between Imperial and colonial forces; need for Pan-Anglican Union of Armies and Navies
Views of Sir Robert Peel on political situation; criticises handling by Government of W. Smith O'Brien case; O'Brien should have been transported immediately.
The papers filmed by the Australian Joint Copying Project and include correspondence with three leading British politicians Arthur Balfour, Joseph Chamberlain and Lord Elgin; while Lord Northcote was Governor-General of Australia. Subjects covered include Australian politics, defence, immigration, tariff, honours and the New Hebrides.
The papers were filmed in their entirety.
Material filmed as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP Reel 4098). Original microfilm digitised as part of the AJCP Online Delivery Project, 2017-2020.
Series Reference: PRO 30/56. For further information, see PRO 30/56, Henry Stafford - 1st Baron Northcote: Papers, at The National Archives of the UK. (http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/browse/r/h/C12002)
The original AJCP microfilm of the records filmed from this collection is available at the National Library of Australia [https://nla.gov.au/nla.cat-vn2087321] as well as other institutions holding AJCP microfilm.
Northcote, Sir Henry Stafford; Baron Northcote (1846-1911); Chamberlain, Joseph (1836-1914); Politicians: correspondence; Tariff: Australia; Decorations of honour: Australia; Australia: politics and government; Australia: Defences; Australia: emigration and immigration; Vanuatu: History; Vanuatu; Australia; Australian Labour Party; Balfour, Arthur James; Bruce, Victor Alexander; Chamberlain, Mary E.; Colonial Conference (1907); Deakin, Alfred; Outhwaite, Mr; Reid, Sir George Houston; Ward, William Humble; Watson, John Christian; Constitutional law: Australia; Japan; Defence, naval; Federation; New Hebrides
Sir Henry Stafford Northcote (1846-1911) 1st Baron Northcote of Exeter (created 1900).
The second son of Sir Stafford Henry Northcote (later 1st Earl of Iddesleigh), Northcote was a Conservative Member for Exeter in the House of Commons from 1880 to 1899. He was Governor of Bombay from 1899 until 1903 and assumed office as Governor-General of Australia in 1904. Northcote played an active role in Australian politics, and his time in office was not without controversy. Returning to England in 1908 he was a prominent 'diehard' in the dispute over reform of the House of Lords. He held no further public office.
Letters of the British politicians: Arthur Balfour, Joseph Chamberlain and Lord Elgin, to the Australian Governor-General, Lord Northcote. the Australian Joint Copying Project filmed the Series in its entirety.
Arthur James Balfour (1848-1930), 1st Earl Balfour, Conservative M.P. 1874-1922, 1st Lord of Treasury 1895-1905, Prime Minister 1902-1905, Leader of the Conservative Party 1902-1911.
Joseph Chamberlain (1836-1914), Liberal and later Unionist M.P. 1876-1914, Secretary of State for the Colonies 1895-1903.
Victor Alexander Bruce (1849-1917), 9th Earl of Elgin, Viceroy of India 1894-1899, Secretary of State for the Colonies 1905-1908.
Subjects includes: tariff question; honours; possibility of promoting migration by diverting £200,000 from the Navy; Labor Party; third party system; departure of Northcote from Australia; appointment of Lord Dudley as Governor-General.
Includes a letter from Mary E. Chamberlain, Chamberlain's wife, written on his behalf during his illness.
Subject include: Includes: political situation in the U.K.; Imperial preference; Australian political situation; Sir George Reid; J.C. Watson; A. Deakin; Imperial defence; immigration to Australia; proposal for an Australian Fleet; need for closer ties, especially commercial, within the Empire; question of whether Outhwaite from Victoria has the right to represent colonial opinion in the U.K.; honours lists; Liberal Government's colonial policy; 1907 Colonial Conference; State rights and Federal powers; Australian Constitution; New Hebrides.
Subjects include: Commonwealth–State relations; honours list procedures; 1907 Colonial Conference; relations between the colonies and Britain; Anglo-Japanese Alliance; Naval Agreement; New Hebrides Convention; Empire Day; ill-health of A. Deakin; anti-federal movement; portraits of the King and Queen for Government Houses; appointment of Lord Dudley as Governor-General; possible abolition of State Governors; the All Red Line.
Papers filmed by the Australian Joint Copying Project include: Kitchener's correspondence relating to the Boer War and World War I; his tour of Australia and New Zealand and views on the defences of these countries; correspondence on the Dardanelles expedition; his visit to Gallipoli; newspaper cuttings (1916-1938); congratulations on Kitchener's knighthood; his estate and personal correspondence; the death of Lord Kitchener. Correspondents, among others, include: Lord Roberts, St. John Broderick, Sir J. Maxwell and Sir Douglas Haig.
Pieces 40, 61-66 were filmed by the Australian Joint Copying Project in their entirety. All other pieces were filmed selectively.
Material selectively filmed as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP Reels 7055-7057). Original microfilm digitised as part of the AJCP Online Delivery Project, 2017-2020.
Series Reference: PRO 30/57. For further information, see PRO 30/57, Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum: Papers, at The National Archives of the UK. (http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/browse/r/h/C12003)
The original AJCP microfilm of the records filmed from this collection is available at the National Library of Australia [https://nla.gov.au/nla.cat-vn2943563] as well as other institutions holding AJCP microfilm.
Horatio Herbert Kitchener; Sir John Grenfell Maxwell; St. John Broderick; Sir Douglas Haig; World War 1; World War 1: British personal narratives; South African War; Australia; New Zealand; Australia: defences; New Zealand: defences
Sir Horatio Herbert Kitchener (1850-1916), 1st Baron Kitchener (created 1898), 1st Earl Kitchener (created 1914).
Sirdar of Egyptian Army (1892-1899), Chief of Staff (1899-1900) and Commander-in-Chief in South Africa (1900-1902), Commander-in-Chief in India (1902-1909), appointed Field Marshal (1910), Secretary of State for War (1914-1916).
He visited Australia and New Zealand in 1910 to advise on defence organisation. He lost his life on 5 June 1916 when H.M.S. Hampshire was sunk on her way to Russia.
The Australian Joint Copying Project selectively filmed papers relating to the shipment of Australian wheat to Britain during World War I, when Anderson was Vice-Chairman of the Royal Commission on Wheat Supplies, and papers on Australian shipping 1926-1929.
Material selectively filmed as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP Reel 6321). Original microfilm digitised as part of the AJCP Online Delivery Project, 2017-2020.
Series Reference: PRO 30/68. For further information, see PRO 30/68, Sir Alan Garrett Anderson: Papers, at The National Archives of the UK. (http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/browse/r/h/C12014)
The original AJCP microfilm of the records filmed from this collection is available at the National Library of Australia [https://nla.gov.au/nla.cat-vn2087329] as well as other institutions holding AJCP microfilm.
Anderson, Sir Alan Garrett (1877-1952); Royal Commission on Wheat Supplies (Great Britain); Wheat transportation: Australia; Businessmen: Correspondence; Overseas Shipowners Representatives Association; Shipping: Australia; Kearley, Sir Hudson Ewbanke, 1st Viscount Devonport; Beale, J.F.; Price, Waterhouse & Co.; Wheat trade
Sir Alan Garrett Anderson (1877-1952) was a shipowner, a director of Orient Co. and P & O., Vice-chairman of the Royal Commission on Wheat Supplies from 1916 to 1917, and Controller of Admiralty from 1917 to 1918.
From 1927 until his death he was one of the British directors of the Suez Canal Company. He represented the City of London in the House of Commons in 1935-1940 and was also Chairman of the Cereals Control Board (1939-1941) and Controller of Railways (1941-1945).
Established in October 1916 to enable the Government to control the import of wheat into Britain.
Papers iIncludes a memorandum on the Commission's activities, a memorandum by the Transport Department on tonnage for the new wheat programme, notes by Admiralty on the revised wheat programme (Dec. 1916), and data on shipping and wheat available and required from Australia for Britain and Italy.
Includes the 1916-1917 import requirements, weekly wheat stocks Feb. 1915–Dec. 1916, memorandum on Australian 'white' flour, shipment clause in the Australian wheat contract, notices to distributing merchants and brokers, and estimates of the quantities of wheat available to the Allies.
Refers to the purchase of Australian wheat and problems of tonnage and distance.
Includes figures on Australian shipping 1926-1928 compiled by Price, Waterhouse & Co., notes on the Australian Navigation Act, and the final dossier of the delegation of the Overseas Shipowners Representatives Association, 28 March 1929.