Guide to the Diaries of Frederick Hoare (as filmed by AJCP)



National Library of Australia View Catalogue Record

Created: 2018

Collection Summary

Hoare, Frederick
Diaries of Frederick Hoare (as filmed by the AJCP)
Date Range
1854 - 1856
Collection Number
2 items
Language of Materials
Australian Joint Copying Project
The Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP) Online Portal was created with the assistance of the Australian Public Service Modernisation Fund, 2017-2020. The National Library of Australia gratefully acknowledges the contribution of the other AJCP partners, the State Library of New South Wales and The National Archives of the UK, and all other organisations which supported the work of the AJCP, the world's most extensive collaborative copying project, operating from 1948 to 1997.


Scope and Contents

1. Journal of a voyage from Liverpool to Melbourne May-July 1854 on the Red Jacket. It is a day-to-day record of the voyage, noting events and commenting on passengers and crew as well as weather conditions and distance travelled. The journal also contains notes referring to land sales around Melbourne, costs of buildings, business transactions (especially with George Squiers) and rough sketches of the campsites on the goldfields around Castlemaine, Victoria.

2. Journal of a voyage from Melbourne to England via New Zealand, commencing April 1856, on the New Great Britain. It is chiefly concerned with weather conditions and notes as well as the latitude and longitude and the distance covered each day. The journal ends on 26 July as the ship neared England.

Conditions Governing Access

Available for Access.

Conditions Governing Use

Many of the records digitised as part of the AJCP are still in copyright. Readers wishing to publish or reproduce documents should seek permission, in the first instance, from the owner of the original material.

Preferred Citation

Acknowledgement of use of this material should refer to the location of the original material and to the Australian Joint Copying Project.Items from this collection should include references to the location of the original material and to the AJCP nla.obj number, which serves as the online identifier for the digital copy.

Example: M Series: Journal of Capt. James Cook, 18 February-23 September 1770, British Library Add. MS 27885 (AJCP ref:

Archival History

Filmed as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project, 1961 (AJCP Reel: M405). Original microfilm digitised as part of the NLA AJCP Online Delivery Project, 2017-2020.

Existence and Location of Originals

Private Residence: Sir Archer Hoare.

Existence and Location of Copies

The original AJCP microfilm of the records filmed from this collection is available at the National Library of Australia [] as well as other institutions holding AJCP microfilm.

Finding Aid Notes

This finding aid is a revised online version of the original finding aid prepared by the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP), published by the National Library of Australia in 2018. The original AJCP finding aids were unpublished typescripts or photocopies available from libraries that held copies of the original microfilm.

Dates used in this finding aid refer to the date range of the records selected for filming rather than to the date range of the Series or Files.


Castlemaine, Victoria; Emigrant voyages; Gold and goldfields: Victoria; Hoare, Frederick; Land: Victoria; Liverpool, England; Melbourne, Victoria: immigration to; New Great Britain (ship); New Zealand: visits to; Paintings, drawings and prints: Victoria; Red Jacket, emigrant ship; Squiers, George; Victoria: economic conditions; Diary


Originally cited in Australian Joint Copying Project Handbook. Part 8: Miscellaneous (M) Series. Third Edition, published 1998. Entry 222, p. 83.

Biographical / Historical

Frederick Hoare was a builder and decorator and owned house properties in Brixham, Devon. He was in his late 40s when, with two or three fellow townsmen, he decided to make a trip to Australia. He was possibly attracted by stories of gold discoveries. Leaving his wife and three children in England, he sailed to Melbourne on the Red Jacket in 1854. It appears that in the colony he pursued his trade as a builder. He also purchased some land. Hoare intended to stay in Australia much longer, but his wife became ill and he hurried back to England in 1856. She died shortly after his return and he died about three years later.

The diaries were lent for copying to the Middlesex County Record Office by Sir Archer Hoare, the former chairman of the Middlesex County Council. He was a grandson of Frederick Hoare.

Item Descriptions

Diary of voyage from Liverpool to Melbourne, 4 May 1854 - 15 July 1854 (File 1)

Diary kept by Frederick Hoare on a voyage from Liverpool to Melbourne on the Red Jacket, 4 May – 15 July 1854.

The diary entries refer to the position of the ship, the weather, sightings of other ships, complaints about victuals, religious services, an accident to Hoare's companion George Squiers, the monotony of the voyage, dancing, the crossing the Equator rituals, quarrels among passengers, the deaths of the boatswain and passengers, the arrest of the 4th Mate, sightings of whales and flying fish, the speed of the ship crossing the Indian Ocean, sighting of King Island, the arrival at Port Phillip, and reports that some crew members intended to escape.

The volume also contains several pages of notes and sketches made during Hoare's stay in Victoria. They include calculations, expenses for house construction, details of land sales in Melbourne, payments for building work and labour, accounts with George Squiers and Henry Morris at the diggings (1855), and holes sunk at Daisy Hill (Amherst). There are rough sketches of campsites on the road to the goldfields, including Keilor, and at Castlemaine and Daisy Hill.

The entries were written in a leather covered notebook with a clasp, 6x4 inches.


Diary of voyage from Melbourne to England via Cape Horn, 14 April 1856 - 26 July 1856 (File 2)

Diary kept by Frederik Hoare on a voyage from Melbourne to England via Cape Horn on the New Great Britain, 14 April-26 July 1856.

The entries, which are much briefer, refer to the weather, storms, sightings of Tasmania and the Auckland Islands, sightings of ships, and sharks, barracouta and other fish. Many of the entries are limited to the weather.

The entries were written in a paper covered notebook, 4½ x 7¼ inches