Guide to the drawings, sketches and papers collected by Sir George Grey in New Zealand (as filmed by AJCP)



National Library of Australia View Catalogue Record

Created: 2018

Collection Summary

Grey, George, Sir
Drawings, sketches and papers collected by Sir George Grey in New Zealand (as filmed by the AJCP)
Date Range
1845 - 1853
Collection Number
3 items
Language of Materials
Australian Joint Copying Project
The Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP) online portal was created with the assistance of the Australian Public Service Modernisation Fund, 2017-2020. The National Library of Australia gratefully acknowledges the contribution of the other foundation AJCP partners, the State Library of New South Wales and The National Archives of the UK, and all other organisations which supported the work of the AJCP, the world's most extensive collaborative copying project, operating from 1948 to 1997.


Scope and Contents

Add MSS 19953- Add MSS 19954: Drawings and sketches illustrative of New Zealand, 1842-53, presented by Sir George Grey on 13 September 1854. (2 vols.)

The titles in inverted commas are taken from the works. Most of the paintings and drawings are not signed or initialled. Of those that are signed, the principal artist is Cuthbert Clarke, while other artists include Charles Barraud, Charles Heaphy and George Swainson.

Conditions Governing Access

Available for Access.

Conditions Governing Use

Readers wishing to publish or reproduce documents should seek permission, in the first instance, from the British Library. For more information visit: How I use the images I order?-The British Library [].

Preferred Citation

Acknowledgement of use of this material should refer to the location of the original material and to the Australian Joint Copying Project.

Items from this collection should include references to the location of the original material and to the AJCP nla.obj number, which serves as the online identifier for the digital copy.

Example: M Series: Journal of Capt. James Cook, 18 February-23 September 1770, British Library Add. MS 27885 (AJCP ref:

Archival History

Filmed at the British Library as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project, 1966 (AJCP Reel: M689-M690). Original microfilm digitised as part of the NLA AJCP Online Delivery Project, 2017-2020.

Existence and Location of Originals

British Library, 96 Euston Road, London. Collection references: Add MS 19953; Add MS 19954; Add MS 19955.

For more information see Sir George Grey at the British Library (

Existence and Location of Copies

The original AJCP microfilm of the records filmed from this collection is available at the National Library of Australia [] as well as other institutions holding AJCP microfilm.

Finding Aid Note

This finding aid is a revised online version of the original finding aid prepared by the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP), published by the National Library of Australia in 2018. The original AJCP finding aids were unpublished typescripts or photocopies available from libraries that held copies of the original microfilm.

Dates used in this finding aid refer to the date range of the records selected for filming rather than to the date range of the Series or Files.

Advisory Statement

Maori people are advised that this Finding Aid contains material and descriptive information which may be considered culturally sensitive and may cause distress, including images of Maori funeral practices. This Finding Aid contains terms that reflect authors' views or those of the historical period, but which may not be considered appropriate today. While the information may not reflect current understanding, it is provided in an historical context.


Auckland, New Zealand; Barraud, Charles D.; Bosquet, C.J.; Clarke, Cuthbert; Governors an d Governors General: New Zealand; Governors and Governors General: South Australia; Grey, Sir George, Governor; Hamley, J.O.; Heaphy, Charles; Isle of Pines, New Caledonia; Loyalty Islands; Merret, J.; Paintings, drawings and prints: Maori; Paintings, drawings and prints: New Hebrides; Paintings, drawings and prints: New Zealand; Paintings, drawings and prints: Pacific Islands; Selwyn, George A., Bishop; Sinclair, Andrew; Swainson, G.F.; Taranaki, New Zealand; Diary


Originally cited in Australian Joint Copying Project Handbook. Part 8: Miscellaneous (M) Series. Third Edition, published 1998. Entry 200, p.75

Biographical / Historical

Sir George Grey (1812-1898) was born in Lisbon. He entered the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, in 1826 and enlisted as an ensign in the 83rd Regiment in Ireland in 1830. In 1836 he offered to lead an expedition to find a site for a settlement in north-west Australia. The Colonial Office approved of the proposal and Grey arrived in Western Australia in January 1838. He led two exploring expeditions with mixed results. In 1839 he was promoted to the rank of captain and in the following year he returned to England. In 1841 he returned to Australia as Governor of South Australia, a post that he held until 1845.

In November 1845 Grey arrived in New Zealand as Governor and quickly suppressed Maori rebellions in the Bay of Islands and near Wellington. Land claims were settled and agriculture, sheep farming and trade revived. He was knighted in 1848, but recalled in 1853. In 1854 he was appointed Governor of Cape Colony where he sought to end the Kaffir wards and united all South Africa as a federation. In 1861 he returned to New Zealand as governor for the second time. He failed to avert the resumption of hostilities and his conduct in the Maori War led to his dismissal in 1868. He returned to New Zealand in 1870 and was a member of the House of Representatives from 1874 to 1894. He was Premier in 1877-79. He spent his last years in London.

Grey had a strong interest in the natural sciences and collected geological and biological specimens for museums in Britain. He also had a long interest in Maori languages and customs. He was one of the greatest collectors of books and manuscripts in New Zealand history.

Cuthbert Clarke (1818-1863) was born in Izmir (Smyrna), Turkey. He often signed his paintings and drawings 'Clarke Ismir'. He arrived in New Zealand in 1849 and in the next year accompanied Sir George Grey on a journey to the Bay of Islands and later to Taupo and Taranaki. He presented his diary and drawings of the latter journey to Grey. He was a customs clerk in Auckland, but left New Zealand in about 1851 and settled in Melbourne. He produced many watercolours and drawings of the goldfields at Castlemaine and near the end of his life was a regular contributor to the Illustrated Melbourne Post.

Reference: Alex Frame. Grey and Iwikau: a journey into custom, Wellington, Victoria University Press, 2002

Item Descriptions

Series Add MS 19953; Add MS 19954. Drawings and sketches illustrative of New Zealand, 1842-53, presented by Sir George Grey on 13 September 1854. (2 vols.)

New Zealand Pictorial Scrap Book Volume 1, 1842 - 1853 (File Add MS 19953)

Sketches of scenery, portraits of indigenous people, with representations of ceremonies, costume, etc., in New Zealand, done in sepia, colours, or pencil, by A[ndrew] Sinclair, Cuthbert Clarke, and J. Merrett. Presented by Sir George Grey, K.C.B., late Governor of New Zealand.

For a more detailed list see the available supplementary material.

New Zealand Pictorial Scrap Book Volume 2, 1848 - 1853 (File Add MS 19954)

Water colour drawings, lithographs, and pencil sketches, illustrating scenery, manners, costume, and features of the indigenous peoples, etc ., in New Zealand, by Charles Heaphy, Cuthbert Clarke, George F. Swainson, and other draughtsmen.

For a more detailed list see the available supplementary material.

Series [2]. Diary and sketchbook of Cuthbert C Clarke of a journey from Auckland to Taranaki (121p). [ Add MSS 19955 ], 5 December 1849 - 18 February 1850

The diary entries, which take up 16 pages of the volume, are interspersed with pencil drawings of varying degrees of completeness. The early entries are more detailed than the later ones and refer to the various stages of the journey, meetings with settlers and Maoris, visits to pahs, church services, dances, the distribution of food to the Maoris, Folio 22 is headed 'Legend of Taranaki'.

For a more detailed list see the available supplementary material.

Biographical / Historical

The journey originated with an invitation that Sir George Grey received from Te Heu Heu Tukino III (Iwikau) of Tuwharetoa to attend a tangi at Pukawa, on the southern shore of Lake Taupo for the burial of his brother, Te Heu Heu Mananui. Grey was accompanied by his secretaries G.S. Cooper and J.J. Symonds, his interpreter Pirikawau, the artist Cuthbert Clarke, and Iwikau and his followers. The party sailed from Auckland with Bishop G.A. Selwyn in the missionary ship Undine to the mouth of the Waihou River. From there they travelled overland on foot and by canoe to Manawaru, Matamata, Lake Tarawera, Rotomahana, Te Ariki, Pukawa, Taupo and Taranaki.