Guide to the Collections held by Cheshire Record Office (as filmed by the AJCP)



National Library of Australia View Catalogue Record

Created: 2018

Collection Summary

Cheshire Archives and Local Studies
Collections held by Cheshire Record Office (as filmed by the AJCP)
Date Range
1802 - 1939
Collection Number
21 items
Language of Materials
Australian Joint Copying Project
The Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP) online portal was created with the assistance of the Australian Public Service Modernisation Fund, 2017-2020. The National Library of Australia gratefully acknowledges the contribution of the other foundation AJCP partners, the State Library of New South Wales and The National Archives of the UK, and all other organisations which supported the work of the AJCP, the world's most extensive collaborative copying project, operating from 1948 to 1997.


Scope and Contents

Quarter Sessions Records: Orders by Quarter Sessions and Chester Sessions for transportation of convicts 1749, 1803-1829; Orders by Secretary of State for transportation of convicts to hulks 1802-1840; reports and returns of convicts transported and under sentence of transportation 1802-1856; circulars and correspondence on the transportation of convicts 1802-1851; convict lists sent to the Commissioners of County Rates, 11 March 1835.

Genealogical notes and letters of the Whittell Family and the Woolfield Family of Papatoetoe, New Zealand.

Stanley of Alderley: Family correspondence: journal by Owen Stanley's mother, Catherine; correspondence, including 24 letters 1846-1849 to Capt. Owen Stanley concerning family matters; correspondence 1847-1853 of Charles Edward Stanley and his wife Elizabeth; letters from T.H. Huxley relating to J. MacGillivray's Narrative of the Voyage of HMS Rattlesnake; letters 1834-c.1843 from Catherine Stanley to Louisa Dorothea Stanley; correspondence 1844-1849 of Catherine Stanley Vaughan.

Wilson of Sandbach collection: petition 1849 by passengers on the emigrant ship Cheapside; journals 1849-1851 of John Ayre, surgeon on the Cheapside and Duchess of Northumberland; hotel bills and accounts for photographic equipment purchased by T.N. Wilson during a journey to Australia and New Zealand in 1889. Ayre's journals contain descriptions of conditions aboard emigrant ships, details of treatment of the sick, and relations between passengers.

Conditions Governing Access

Available for Access.

Conditions Governing Use

Many of the records digitised as part of the AJCP are still in copyright. Readers wishing to publish or reproduce documents should seek permission, in the first instance, from the owner of the original material.

Preferred Citation

Acknowledgement of use of this material should refer to the location of the original material and to the Australian Joint Copying Project.

Items from this collection should include references to the location of the original material and to the AJCP nla.obj number, which serves as the online identifier for the digital copy.

Example: M Series: Journal of Capt. James Cook, 18 February-23 September 1770, British Library Add. MS 27885 (AJCP ref: )

Existence and Location of Originals

Cheshire Record Office, Cheshire, England.

For further information see Cheshire Record Office (

Existence and Location of Copies

The original AJCP microfilm of the records filmed from this collection is available at the National Library of Australia [] as well as other institutions holding AJCP microfilm.

Finding Aid Note

This finding aid is a revised online version of the original finding aid prepared by the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP), published by the National Library of Australia in 2018. The original AJCP finding aids were unpublished typescripts or photocopies available from libraries that held copies of the original microfilm.

Dates used in this finding aid refer to the date range of the records selected for filming rather than to the date range of the Series or Files.

Archival history

Material selectively filmed as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project, 1971 (AJCP Reels: M845-M847). Original microfilm digitised as part of the AJCP Online Delivery Project, 2017-2020.

The Australian Joint Copying Project microfilmed selected records at both the Chester City Record Office (reel M848) and the Cheshire Record Office (reels M845-847). In 2000 the two record offices amalgamated to form the Cheshire Archives and Local Studies. Its current address (2017) is Duke Street, Chester CH1 1RL.


Australia; Ayre, John; Cheapside, emigrant ship; Cheshire Quarter Sessions; Commissioners of County Rates; Convict ships; Convicts; Duchess of Northumberland, emigrant ship; Emigrant voyages; Genealogy and genealogies; Huxley, Thomas H.; MacGillivray, John; Medicine; New Zealand; Papatoetoe, New Zealand; Quarter Sessions; Rattlesnake, HMS (ship); Royal Navy: exploration and surveys; Royal Navy: voyages; Stanley Family; Stanley, Catherine; Stanley, Charles E.; Stanley, Elizabeth; Stanley, Louisa D.; Stanley, Owen, Capt.; Surgeons; Surgeons: emigrant ships; Vaughan, Catherine S.; Whittell Family; Wilson, T.N.; Woolfield Family


Originally cited in Australian Joint Copying Project Handbook. Part 8: Miscellaneous (M) Series. Third Edition, published 1998. Entry 96, p. 33-34

Item Descriptions

Fonds ZQ. Chester Quarter Sessions, 1802 - 1856

5 items

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reels M845-M846.

Series. Orders by Quarter Sessions and Chester Sessions for transportation of convicts, 1803 - 1829

Orders from the Clerk of the Peace or the clerk of the Crown to the constable of Chester castle, the Sheriff of the County of Chester and the Justices of the Peace of the County of Chester stating that the convicts named were to be transported to New South Wales.

4 bundles: 1803-1818, 1821-1822, 1825-1826, 1829.

Series. Orders by the Secretary of State for transportation of convicts to the hulks, 1802 - 1840

Orders signed by the Home Secretary to the Sheriff of the County of Chester directing that convicts in Chester Gaol under sentence of transportation be transferred to the hulks. The convicts are named in the margin of the orders. The hulks were at Portsmouth, Langstone Harbour, Woolwich or Chatham.

4 bundles: 1802-1821, 1822-1829, 1831-1835, 1836-1840

Series. Reports and returns of convicts transported and under sentence of transportation, 1802 - 1856

The records comprise receipts for convicts from Chester received on board the hulks, lists of convicts despatched from Chester Gaol with details of their physical appearance, age, occupation, character and behaviour, copies of surgeons' certificates, and returns of convicts at Chester Gaol under sentence of transportation.

6 bundles: 1802-1806, 1810-1818, 1819-1821, 1822-1827, 1835-1836, 1843-1856.

Series. Circulars and correspondence on the transportation of convicts, 1802 - 1851

Correspondence between the Home Office and the Sheriff of Chester concerning individual convicts, requesting returns of convicts, or financial matters.

1 bundle: 1802-1851.

Series. Miscellaneous papers, January 1852 - December 1852

1 item

Filmed selectively.

List of convicts under sentence of transportation, 1 January 1852 - 31 December 1852 (File)

Sent to the Commissioners of County Rates. (6pp)

Fonds DBE. Bennett Collection, 1858 - 1939

2 items

Notebooks and papers of J.H.E. Bennett (d. 1956) of Heswall, including pedigrees and general notes on many Cheshire families.Filmed selectively.

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M847.

Series DBE 15. Genealogical notes and correspondence concerning the Whittell Family of Chester, London and Australia, 1905 - 1939

The notes are based on parish registers, directories, electoral rolls, probate records, and birth, death and marriage registers at Somerset House. Members of the family included Henry Whittell (1809-1865), who emigrated to New South Wales in 1838, and his descendants.

Series DBE 29. Genealogical notes and correspondence concerning the Woolfield Family of Birmingham and Papatoetoe, New Zealand, 1858 - 1928

The members of the family included Samuel Woolfield (d. 1880) who emigrated to New Zealand, and his descendants. The correspondence includes letters from T.R. Woolfield (Papatoetoe) to Bennett, 1901-1928.

Fonds DSA. Stanley Family of Alderley, 1812 - 1850

5 items

Alderley Hall near the village of Nether Alderley, Cheshire, was purchased by Sir Thomas Stanley, who was created a baronet in 1660. Sir John Stanley, the 7th Baronet, was created Baron Stanley of Alderley in 1839. His brother Edward Stanley (1779-1849) was rector of Alderley for 32 years before becoming Bishop of Norwich in 1837. His son Owen Stanley (1813-1850) served in the Royal Navy under Phillip Parker King and Sir John Franklin and commanded HMS Rattlesnake on its surveying expedition to northern Australia and New Guinea in 1846-1850. His other sons were Charles Stanley (1819-1849), private secretary to Sir William Denison in Van Diemen's Land in 1846-1849, and Arthur Stanley (1815-1881), the Dean of Westminster Abbey.

Filmed selectively.


Originally filmed on AJCP reel M847.

Series 75. Journal of Catherine Stanley, 1812 - 1820

The journal records events in the childhoods of her children, Owen, Mary, Arthur and Charles Stanley.

Series 79. Letters of Catherine Stanley to Owen Stanley (24 letters), 1847 - 1850

The letters, written to Captain Owen Stanley in Australia, contain family news and refer to the affairs of the Diocese of Norwich, political events, travels in England, the voyage of HMS Rattlesnake, news of Charles Stanley and his death in Hobart in 1849, meetings with Sir Edward Parry, revolutions in Europe in 1848, and the receipt of letters from Owen. There are also letters from her daughter Mary Stanley to Owen Stanley.

Series 92. Correspondence of Charles Stanley and his wife Elizabeth Stanley, May 1847 - February 1853

3 items
Elizabeth Stanley (Hobart) to Catherine Stanley, 12 May 1847 (Item)

Lack of news from England; illness of Sir William Denison; social events.

Capt. P.P. King (Parramatta) to Elizabeth Stanley, 19 October 1852 (Item)

Arrival of Dr Wolley, friend of Arthur Stanley, at Sydney University; exclusion of theological instruction at the University; views of W.C. Wentworth; social consequences of gold discoveries; difficulty of finding servants; death of his sister Anna Maria Macarthur and her daughter Anna Wickham; conflict between Sir William Denison and the Legislative Council in Tasmania; the publication of the Voyage of the Rattlesnake; T.H. Huxley.

T.H. Huxley to Elizabeth Stanley, January 1853 - February 1853 (Item)

Huxley's high opinion of J. MacGillivray's Voyage of the Rattlesnake; favourable reviews; Huxley's quest for an academic appointment; book by O. Brierley; Huxley's review of MacGillivray's book; his quarrel with the publisher John Murray. (5 letters)

Series 341/1. Letters from Catherine Stanley to her niece Louisa Stanley, November 1834-October [1843]

2 items
Catherine Stanley to [Louisa Stanley], 28 November 1834 (Item)

Return of Sir William Parry from Australia; the experiences of the Parrys; strange anomalous state of society in New South Wales. (draft)

Catherine Stanley to [Louisa Stanley], October [1843] (Item)

Refers to Owen Stanley returning from the East Indies Station. (extract)

Series 134/2. Letters of Catherine Stanley Vaughan, the daughter of Bishop Stanley, 1844 - 1849

1 item
Catherine Stanley to unidentified correspondent, 1844 - 1849 (File)

Refers to Charles and Elizabeth Stanley leaving for Australia; news from Van Diemen's Land; death of Lady Mary Fitzroy in Sydney; death of Charles Stanley in Hobart.

Fonds DWS. Wilson Family of Sandbach, 1849 - 1889

4 items

Filmed selectively.

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M847.

Petition from passengers on the emigrant ship Cheapside to Dr John Ayre, the surgeon-superintendent, seeking an alteration in the serving of tea, July 1849 (File 16)

Journal of John Ayre, surgeon on the barque Duchess of Northumberland, on a voyage from Sydney to Calcutta, 16 May 1851 - December 1851 (File 19)

The journal is chronologically confusing: it contains earlier entries on medical cases on a voyage from Port Phillip to England in 1850 and is interspersed with reports on disciplinary and medical cases.

Hotel and club bills and receipts accumulated by M. Wilson and his wife on a voyage round the world in 1889 (File 21/4)

Bills and other accounts from hotels and clubs in Sydney, Jenolan Caves, Mount Victoria, Tamworth, Newcastle, Melbourne, Healesville, Marysville, Adelaide, Toowoomba, Auckland, Napier, Nelson, Dunedin, Christchurch and Batavia.

Filmed selectively.

Journal of John Ayre, June 1849 - December 1849 (File 23/2)

Journal of John Ayre, the surgeon on the Cheapside, on a voyage from London to Sydney, June – November 1849 and on the schooner Lillian from Sydney to Port Phillip, December 1849