Guide to the Collections held by the Cumbria Archive Service (as filmed by the AJCP)
National Library of Australia View Catalogue Record
- Cumbria Record Office. Robert Baxter. Senior Archivist
- Collections held by the Cumbria Archive Service (as filmed by the AJCP)
- Date Range
- 1819-1899 (1938-1946)
- Collection Number
- M983, M2078
- 86 items
- Language of Materials
- Australian Joint Copying Project
- The Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP) online portal was created with the assistance of the Australian Public Service Modernisation Fund, 2017-2020. The National Library of Australia gratefully acknowledges the contribution of the other foundation AJCP partners, the State Library of New South Wales and The National Archives of the UK, and all other organisations which supported the work of the AJCP, the world's most extensive collaborative copying project, operating from 1948 to 1997.
Scope and Contents
Scott family papers: 20 letters 1819-52 written to Miss Scott of Sandgate Hall, Penrith, by M.J. (Mrs John) Wood of Sydney and her daughter Mary, who married a Mr Lowe of Bathurst. The letters contain comments on conditions in the colony, and on family, church and political affairs.
Crerar papers: correspondence 1938-39 between Dr J.W. Crerar of Maryport, Cumberland, and Alexander Morrison, Town Clerk, Adelaide, concerning the introduction in Australia of municipal elections by means of secret ballot. Thomas English, Mayor of Adelaide 1862-1863 and a native of Maryport, claimed to have introduced the practice to Australia.
Papers of Ken Graham, Dalton and Kennedy of High Crosby: Chart of Swan River 1827; map of the Vasse district, Western Australia; letters 1829-37 from Georgiana Molloy and her husband John, written on board ship and after their arrival in Western Australia to Georgiana's mother and brothers in Rugby and Cheltenham. The letters include descriptions of the Swan River settlement, Augusta and Cockburn Sound, local and domestic news, and notes on the excursion to the Vasse district in January 1833.
Four letters 1854-58 from John Gibson, stonemason of Parramatta, to his mother in England. One letter dated 1874 refers to the probable death of Gibson.
McMorrans scrapbook. Two volumes of photographs accompanied by an index. Archie and John McMorran migrated to Australia in 1884, their nephew James arrived in Australia in 1911.
Madgen Family letters 1854-86. Correspondence of Stephen Madgen to his family in England; letters of Samuel and Margaret White of Ipswich, Queensland, to the Madgens. The letters include news of conditions on the gold diggings in Victoria, New Zealand and Queensland, noting local prices and referring to coal mining and cotton growing in Queensland. The final letter is from Robson and Mary Urwin, describing conditions in Adelaide.
F.W. Woolworth &Son, Whitehaven. Conveyance dated 23 June 1905, referring to premises in Whitehaven. Document includes reference to James Wilfred Marsden of Nelson, New Zealand.
Printed material: A General Chart Exhibiting the Discoveries Made by Capt. James Cook in This and his Two Preceding Voyages, by Lieut. Henry Roberts of His Majesty's Royal Navy (n.d.); A New and Complete Chart of the World, displaying the tracks of Capt. Cook, by T. Bowen (n.d.), bound as part of A Treatise on Naval Affairs (1790); Obituary from the Carlisle Journal, 28 March 1871, of Francis Jollie, agent in Nelson of the New Zealand Company, and former Colonial Treasurer.
Diary April-July 1863 of Joshua Hughes on a voyage from Liverpool to Brisbane on the Montmorency, recording the weather, life on board the ship, and sightings of porpoises, flying fish and other ships. The diary ends with his first few days in Brisbane.
Diary 1898 of John Swainson Littlewood on a voyage from Liverpool to Adelaide and Port Augusta on the Oakhurst.
Conditions Governing Access
Available for Access.
Conditions Governing Use
Many of the records digitised as part of the AJCP are still in copyright. Readers wishing to publish or reproduce documents should seek permission, in the first instance, from the owner of the original material.
Readers wishing to publish or reproduce documents should seek permission, from the Cumbria Archive Service, Cumbria.
For more information contact the Cumbria Archive Service, Cumbria.e [https://www.cumbria.gov.uk/archives/]
Acknowledgement of use of this material should refer to the Cumbria Archive Service and to the Australian Joint Copying Project.
Items from this collection should include references to the Cumbria Archive Service and to the AJCP nla.obj number, which serves as the online identifier for the digital copy.
Example: Records of Bleaymire and Shepherd, solicitors, of Penrith, 1819-1852, Collection Ref: DBS, Cumbria Archive Service (AJCP Ref: https://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-762223447/findingaid#nla-obj-762223608)
Material selectively filmed as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project, 1976, 1987 (AJCP Reels: M983, M2078). Original microfilm digitised as part of the AJCP Online Delivery Project, 2017-2020.
Existence and Location of Originals
Cumbria Archive Service, Cumbria, United Kingdom.
All collections are held at Carlisle Archive Centre (https://www.cumbria.gov.uk/archives/archivecentres/cac.asp) with the exception of collections reference DCU and YDX 71 which are held at Whitehaven Archive and Local Studies Centre (https://www.cumbria.gov.uk/archives/archivecentres/whalsc.asp) and BDX 166 and BDX 170 which is held at Barrow Archive Centre (https://www.cumbria.gov.uk/archives/archivecentres/balsc.asp).
Existence and Location of Copies
The original AJCP microfilm of the records filmed from this collection is available at the National Library of Australia [https://nla.gov.au/nla.cat-vn7896237] as well as other institutions holding AJCP microfilm.
The Journal of Joshua Hughes and the Diary and papers of John S. Littlewood were filmed at a later date. The original AJCP microfilm of these is available at the National Library of Australia [https://nla.gov.au/nla.cat-vn780836] as well as other institutions holding AJCP microfilm.
This finding aid is a revised online version of the original finding aid prepared by the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP), published by the National Library of Australia in 2018. The original AJCP finding aids were unpublished typescripts or photocopies available from libraries that held copies of the original microfilm.
Dates used in this finding aid refer to the date range of the records selected for filming rather than to the date range of the Series or Files.
For current collection references and descriptions, researchers should refer to Cumbria Archive Service Catalogue (CASCT) at: https://www.cumbria.gov.uk/archives/Online_catalogues/default.asp
Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are advised that this Finding Aid contains material and descriptive information which may be considered culturally sensitive and may cause distress, including names and images of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people now deceased. This Finding Aid contains terms that reflect authors' views or those of the historical period, but which may not be considered appropriate today. While the information may not reflect current understanding, it is provided in an historical context.
Originally cited in Australian Joint Copying Project Handbook. Part 8: Miscellaneous (M) Series. Third Edition, published 1998. Entry 119, pp43-44.
Australia; Bathurst, New South Wales; Emigrant voyages; Australia: immigration to; Lowe, Mary; Gold and Goldfields: New Zealand; Parramatta, New South Wales; Penrith, England; New South Wales: politics and government; Scott Family; Scott, Mary; Sydney, New South Wales ; Wood, M.J.
Hard voyage of four months and two weeks on Maria; birth of a son; their 1600 acre property named 'Chipping'; goods from England are expensive; robberies and shortages in the colony; a good school mistress would make a fortune; the convicts; mutual friends.
Her baby son; the property; stock; children's education; schools of industry; Governor Lachlan Macquarie and Elizabeth Macquarie.
Birth of another girl; her family; her poor health; servants and other employees; mutual friends and acquaintances; the new governor Sir Thomas Brisbane; her husband declined an offer to become a justice; their property.
Thanks for gift; domestic news; Capt. Lamb.
Death of her brother George; hopes she and her husband will be spared until the children are old enough to take care of themselves; mutual friends and acquaintances; Governor Ralph Darling favours the military too much; attack on the property by bushrangers; lacks female friends; illness in the colony.
Death of Mary Wood after a week's illness; arrangements for the children.
Glad she has arrived safely in England; when Mary leaves school she will go to Lowther [near Lithgow] where her father runs cattle; domestic news.
Her marriage to Mr Lowe; her sister Alice Wood is at school in Sydney and Joseph is at Sydney College; her brother John is at Lowther with their father; town of Sydney has improved; drought.
Birth of a daughter; is spending the winter in Sydney where it is less cold; domestic news; Sir John Franklin; the new bishop.
Death of a cousin William Robinson at Demerara; births of two more children; the Church; immigrants are often worse than the convict population; severe drought.
Recovery after a severe illness following a still birth; drought; poor quality of immigrants; a new church and minister; domestic news.
Sorry for her illness; arrival of a cousin; loss of two little expected ones; the colony could absorb an industrious peasantry; a meeting in Sydney to petition for a supply of Indian coolies; growth of Sydney; Australian Aboriginals very troublesome in distant parts of the colony; many merchants have failed.
Death of a young son and daughter; domestic news; results of the policy of Sir George Gipps; clergy; education.
Death of another child, the sixth; domestic news; Catholic converts.
Death of Miss Scott's sister; Lowe and her baby now well after a dangerous birth; domestic news.
Australia; Crerar, J.W.; Elections; English, Thomas; Maryport, England; Morrison, Alexander.
Inquiry regarding Thomas English; encloses extracts from 1840 Act to constitute a Municipal Corporation for the City of Adelaide.
Thanks for material on Municipal Act; his interest in Thomas English; his claim that Maryport was the first English town to have a municipal election with a secret ballot; its relation to the practice in South Australia.
Portraits of Robert Adair and Thomas English; forwards a paper (2pp) from the South Australian Archivist on the introduction of the ballot in South Australia for parliamentary elections; requests a copy of Crerar's article on Maryport and the ballot.
Would like to use his enclosure for an article.
Augusta, Western Australia; Australia; Cockburn Sound, Western Australia; Emigrant voyages; Australia: immigration to; Western Australia: maps, plans and charts; Maps, plans and charts; Molloy, Georgiana; Molloy, John; Swan River, Western Australia; Vasse district, Western Australia; Western Australia.
Biographical / Historical
Georgiana Kennedy (1805-1843), who was born near Carlisle in Cumberland, married Captain John Molloy in 1829. They sailed to the Swan River shortly afterwards and joined other settlers in forming a new settlement at Augusta. From 1836 onwards she spent her spare time collecting botanical specimens for Captain James Mangles. In 1839 the Molloy family moved to the Vasse district.
Georgiana Molloy. Journal of a voyage on the Warrior from Portsmouth to the Cape of Good Hope, 19 October 1829 - 18 January 1830 (File)
The entries are mostly brief and refer to preparations for the voyage, the departure (23 Oct. 1829), sea-sickness, high seas in the Bay of Biscay, sighting of Cape Verde Islands, landing at Porto Praya on St Jago (Santiago), sightings of ships, fellow-passengers, church services, continued illness, arrival at Table Bay, landing at Cape Town.
Georgiana Molloy (St Jago) to her mother, Elizabeth Kennedy, brothers and sisters, 23 November 1829 (File)
Voyage of Warrior from England to Cape Verde Islands. (crossed)
Voyage of the Warrior. (crossed)
Voyage of the Warrior. (crossed)
Arrival at Swan River; impressions of the colony (crossed).
Disappointment with land surrounding Swan and Canning Rivers; sailed in brig Emily Taylor to south of Augusta and have taken up a grant of land; John Molloy appointed as a magistrate; birth and death of their child; local and domestic news. (crossed)
The entries describe the birth of Molloy's first child, Elizabeth Mary, her ailments, measures taken by Molloy and a nurse, and the baby's death. (4pp)
Intends to return to England. (crossed)
Hopes that Molloy's little settlement thrives; their community at Perth; mutual friends; Perth has much improved. (crossed)
Description of the area; voyage of HMS Sulphur north of Cockburn Sound; return of Governor James Stirling; discovery of good pasturage at head of Swan River; Thomas Peel.
Voyage from England; settlement at Swan River; family news. (crossed)
Domestic and local news; arrival of HMS Sulphur with provisions for the near-starving settlement. (crossed)
Advice on his conduct of life; their infant child; life since they landed at Western Australia. (crossed)
Her need of women's company; requires help on their holding.
Local news; goods that she would like to have shipped from England.
Local news; sends an extract from a letter from Col. Harry Smith at the Cape referring to the Governor and Ellen Stirling. (crossed)
A new baby; local news. (crossed)
The baby; John Molloy will go to England; domestic news.
Hopes Kennedy will come to Western Australia; local and domestic news. (crossed)
Possibility of their mother coming to Australia. (crossed)
Away from home, purchasing cows and a mare; family is 'emerging from the shades of poverty'; he cannot afford to visit England and leave Georgiana in her present situation; inquires whether Kennedy plans to come out. (crossed)
The three children; family problems. (crossed)
John Molloy is at Swan River; family and local news. (crossed)
Fonds DX 46. Records of Tullie House Museum and Art Gallery, Carlisle, 18 December 1854 - 30 July 1874
Australia; Emigrant voyages; Gibson, John; Australia: immigration to; Liverpool, England; Gold and Goldfields: New Zealand; Parramatta, New South Wales; Sydney, New South Wales.
Voyage to Australia; very little work in the colony.
No settled place of abode; voyage from Liverpool to Melbourne; various work including building and gold digging; descriptions of the country and Melbourne, Sydney and Parramatta.
Will send Australian birds in return for ornamental lettering; he is not dead as she thought; would like his brother Joseph to come out as a partner to combine masonry and carpentry.
Marsden, James W.; Nelson, New Zealand; New Zealand; Woolworth, F.W. & Son.
Conveyance for £2200 of premises no. 36 King Street and nos. 3-5 Chapel Street, Whitehaven, from Charles Fisher (Distington Hall), James Dees (Whitehaven), James Wilfred Marsden ((Isel Nelson, New Zealand) and Edward Atter (Whitehaven) to John Steward (Whitehaven) and others, 23 June 1905 (File 65)
Australia; Cotton and cotton growing; Adelaide, South Australia: immigration to; Australia: immigration to; Ipswich, Queensland; Madgen, Stephen; Mines and mining; Gold and Goldfields: New Zealand; New Zealand; Gold and Goldfield: Queensland; Queensland; Urwin, Mary; Urwin, Robson; Gold and Goldfields: Victoria; Victoria; White, Margaret; White, Samuel.
Passage to Australia; obtained work gardening and quarrying; plenty of work for those willing to work hard; local prices. (poor legibility)
Working on goldfields but without extraordinary success; local prices.
Work on quartz reef at Pleasant Creek [near Stawell, Victoria] for last two years; local prices.
Very rough country in New Zealand; plenty of gold; prices.
Samuel and Margaret White (Ipswich, Queensland) to their brother and sister, 19 November 1866 (File)
No work for four months; thinking of taking up land.
Sam is working sinking a shaft for coal; they did not get the land they wanted.
Local news; many people have flocked to the diggings at Maryborough.
Bad weather and caterpillars have affected cotton; local prices.
Has received no letters; has worked hard and had some illness and injury; lived with a widow but she wanted marriage so he left.
Settling down with Margaret and Samuel White; will buy some land.
Seeks money left in his father's will.
The scrapbooks, which date from about 1890 to 1964, contain photographs, newspaper cuttings, cards and printed ephemera relating to various members of the McMorran Family. The subjects of the photographs include Archie and James McMorran, the daughters of Archie McMorran and the wedding of his daughter Jean, the wedding of James McMorran and Lily Hansford in Sydney (1926), St Paul's Church, Burwood, and St John's Church, Canberra (where James McMorran was buried), other family members in Australia, Australian scenes, and labels from Australian food parcels. There are also postcards from Australia, a press cutting about James McMorran's death (1927), and letters (1946) from Bill McMorran (Gunnendah, NSW) and John McMorran (Sydney).
Australia; McMorran Family; Photographs; Roberts, Henry, Lieut.; Sydney, New South Wales.
Biographical / Historical
William McMorran (d. 1915) had four sons, two of whom, Archie and John, migrated to Australia in 1884. James McMorran (d. 1927), the son of their brother William McMorran (d. 1949), also migrated to Australia in 1911.
Cook, James, Capt.; Maps, plans and charts.
Bowen, Thomas; Carlisle Journal, newspaper; Carlisle Journal, newspaper; Cook, James, Capt.; Jollie, Francis; Maps, plans and charts; Nelson, New Zealand; New Zealand; New Zealand Co.
Carlisle Journal, page 2, containing an obituary from the Timaru Herald of Francis Jollie.
Biographical / Historical
Francis Jollie (1815-1870) was the son of Rev. Francis Jollie of Carlisle. In 1842 he emigrated to Nelson, New Zealand, where he was the agent of the New Zealand Company. In 1853 he moved to Peel Forest in South Canterbury. He was a member of the House of Representatives from 1861 until his death. His brother Edward Jollie, a surveyor, also settled in New Zealand in 1842.
Hughes, Joshua; Liverpool, England; Montmorency (ship); Brisbane: immigration to.
Journal kept by Joshua Hughes on the voyage of the Montmorency from Liverpool to Brisbane and during his first weeks in Brisbane, 10 April – 7 August 1863, transcribed by William Hughes. (84pp)
The journal, which is quite detailed, describes Hughes's preparations for the voyage, his departure from Liverpool (15 April), sightings of ships and the Welsh coastline, sea sickness of passengers, church services, meals, his duties as messman, squabbles among passengers, passengers placed in irons and other disciplinary action by the captain, the weather and the seas, concerts, dances, car playing, handball and other pastimes, the ship's newspaper Montmorency Chronicle, illnesses of passengers, a measles epidemic and deaths of children, Crossing the Line ceremonies, sightings of porpoises, flying fish, Cape pigeons and other fish and birds, shooting of birds, accidents arising from rough seas in the Indian Ocean, the sighting of Cape Moreton, the Brisbane River, the arrival at Brisbane (23 July), Hughes's search for lodgings and employment, his meeting with the governor Sir George Bowen, possum shooting and his work as a shingle splitter.
Australia; Littlewood, John S.; Liverpool, England; Oakhurst (ship); Port Augusta, South Australia.
Diary kept by John Swainson Littlewood (b. 1874) of Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, on the voyage of the Oakhurst from Liverpool to Adelaide and Port Augusta and on the return voyage to England, 5 February 1898 – January 1899.
Biographical / Historical
Littlewood was a member of the crew of the Oakhurst, which was carrying general cargo from England to South Australia. His diary contains entries of varying length, with a few gaps, and some of the pages are faint and possibly water-damaged. It refers to the weather and the seas, his relations with Russian, Swedish and other foreign sailors, daily work on the vessel including steering, sail changes, cleaning and painting, meals, sightings of other ships, sighting of Tristan da Cunha, the ship's arrival at Port Adelaide, unloading of cargo, repairs, visits to Woodville and Adelaide, walks around the city and visits to the botanical and zoological gardens and the art gallery, the referendum on Australian federation (4 June 1898), the voyage to Spencer's Gulf and Port Augusta (22 June 1898), impressions of the town 'illuminated by electric light', ship arrivals and departures, Littlewood's loneliness and lack of a friend on the ship, the departure from Port Augusta (23 July 1898), the return voyage to Liverpool, and Littlewood's return to Barrow. The day of the week is given for each entry, but only a few are dated. At the end of the diary are a number of poems, including 'When Dad comes out of gaol' from The Bulletin (Sydney) and Rudyard Kipling's 'If'.