Guide to the Papers of Lieutenant Colonel William Temple (as filmed by the AJCP)



National Library of Australia View Catalogue Record

Created: 2019

Collection Summary

Temple, William, Lieutenant-Colonel
Papers of Lieutenant Colonel William Temple (as filmed by AJCP)
Date Range
1861 - 1916
Collection Number
9 items
Language of Materials
Australian Joint Copying Project
The Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP) online portal was created with the assistance of the Australian Public Service Modernisation Fund, 2017-2020. The National Library of Australia gratefully acknowledges the contribution of the other foundation AJCP partners, the State Library of New South Wales and The National Archives of the UK, and all other organisations which supported the work of the AJCP, the world's most extensive collaborative copying project, operating from 1948 to 1997.


Scope and Contents

Three letters 1861-1864 written by Temple in Rangariri and Auckland referring to the Maori Wars, conditions and prices in New Zealand, his purchase of land in Otahuhu township, and giving a detailed account of the battle at Rangiriri in November 1863.

A plan of Rangiriri accompanied by a statement concerning the conduct of Lieut. Pickard in the battle.

Letter 1916 of W.F. Gordon of New Plymouth, New Zealand, to Temple concerning a gift to the Dominion Museum, Wellington, of photographs of people who served in the Maori Wars.

Seven photographs of soldiers, groups of Maoris, pitched tents (possibly at Ranjariri) and military equipment.

Conditions Governing Access

Available for Access.

Conditions Governing Use

Many of the records digitised as part of the AJCP are still in copyright. Readers wishing to publish or reproduce documents should seek permission, in the first instance, from the owner of the original material.

Preferred Citation

Acknowledgement of use of this material should refer to the location of the original material and to the Australian Joint Copying Project.

Items from this collection should include references to the location of the original material and to the AJCP nla.obj number, which serves as the online identifier for the digital copy.

Example: M Series: Journal of Capt. James Cook, 18 February-23 September 1770, British Library Add. MS 27885 (AJCP ref:

Archival History

Filmed at the New Zealand High Commission, London, as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project, 1967. (AJCP reel M679). Original microfilm digitised as part of the NLA AJCP Online Delivery Project, 2017-2020.

Existence and Location of Originals

New Zealand High Commission, New Zealand House, 80 Haymarket Street, London.

Existence and Location of Copies

The original AJCP microfilm of the records filmed from this collection is available at the National Library of Australia [] as well as other institutions holding AJCP microfilm.

Finding Aid Note

This finding aid is a revised online version of the original finding aid prepared by the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP), published by the National Library of Australia in 2019. The original AJCP finding aids were unpublished typescripts or photocopies available from libraries that held copies of the original microfilm.

Dates used in this finding aid refer to the date range of the records selected for filming rather than to the date range of the Series or Files.

Advisory Statement

Maori people are advised that this Finding Aid contains terms that reflect authors' views or those of the historical period, but which may not be considered appropriate today. While the information may not reflect current understanding, it is provided in an historical context.


Army and defence: New Zealand; Army and defence: Royal Artillery; Auckland, New Zealand; Dominion Museum, Wellington, New Zealand; Gordon, W.F.; Land: New Zealand; Maori: photographs; Medals: New Zealand; Mould, T.R., Maj. Gen.; Museums; New Plymouth, New Zealand; New Zealand Wars; New Zealand: economic conditions; Otahuhu, New Zealand; Photographs: New Zealand; Pickard, Arthur F., Lieut.; Ranjariri, New Zealand; Surgeons; Temple, William, Lieut. Col.; Victoria Cross


Originally cited in Australian Joint Copying Project Handbook. Part 8: Miscellaneous (M) Series. Third Edition, published 1998. Entry 457 p.178

Biographical / Historical

William Temple (1835-1919) was born in Monaghan, Ireland, and educated at a private school at Monaghan and Trinity College, Dublin. He enlisted in the British Army as an assistant surgeon in 1858 and was transferred to the Royal Artillery in 1859. He arrived in New Zealand in March 1861 with C Battery, 4th Brigade, Royal Artillery. In 1862 in Auckland he married Anne Mould, the daughter of Colonel Thomas R. Mould of the Royal Engineers.

Temple served in taranaki in 1861 and in the Waikato campaign in 1863-1865. In 1864 he and Lieutenant A.F. Pickard were both awarded the Victoria Cross for bravery in fighting at Rangiriri in the Waikato region on 20 November 1863. The citation reffered to their 'gallant conduct ... in exposing their lives to imminent danger, in crossing the entrance of the Moari keep, at a point upon which the enemy had concerntrated their fire, with a view to render assistance to the wounded, and, more especially, to the late Captain Mercer of the Royal Artillery'.

Temple returned to England in 1865. He was appointed a surgeon in the Army Medical Service in 1868. After being based in Portsmouth for several years, he went to India in 1884 and was secretary to the Surgeon-General of the Indian Army Medical Services. He became Brigade Surgeon, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, in 1885 and retired in 1889. He died at Tunbridge Wells, Kent.

Item Descriptions

Series 1. Correspondence, 4 August 1861 - 28 October 1916

7 items

William Temple (Auckland) to Jane, 24 August 1861 (File)

Wretched living conditions in a hut; purchase of an allotment at Otahuhu township; Mrs Harriet Gore Brown's 'at home'; imminent arrival of Sir George Grey as Governor; general expectation of peace; unable to take photographs on account of weather; establishment of a mess; garrison theatricals; mutual friends.

William Temple (Auckland) to Annie, 1 March 1863 (File)

Loss of letters on the Colombo; wreck of HMS Orpheus; day of mourning.

William Temple (Rangiriri) to [Illegible], 21 November 1863 (File)

Memorandum from Tauranga to William Temple, 5 May 1864 (File)

Request of officer commanding Royal Artillery for statement of Temple's observations of the assault on Rangariri and the conduct of Lieut. Pickard and Surgeon Temple.

William Temple (Auckland) to [Unknown], 10 May 1864 (File)

Sends a statement on the assault on Rangiri and the conduct of Lieut. Pickard.

William Temple (Auckland) to his brother James Temple, 7 July 1864 (File)

Ill health; plans to send Rangariri mat; engagement of Capt. Irwin; high cost of living in New Zealand; mutual friends.

W.F. Gordon (New Plymouth) to William Temple, 28 October 1916 (File)

Sale to the Dominion Museum in Wellington of Gordon's collection of photographs of officers and men who served in the Maori Wars.

Plan of Rangiriri, November 1863 (File)

Plan of battle of Rangiri, and a draft statement on the conduct of Lieut. A.F. Pickard in the Battle. (2pp)

Series 3. Photographs

1 item

Six photographs of soldiers, artillery and scenes during the campaign against the Maories at Rangiriri. (poor reproduction) (File)