Guide to the Records held by Greater London Record Office (as filmed by the AJCP)


M581, M3087-M3105

National Library of Australia View Catalogue Record

Created: 2019

Collection Summary

Greater London Record Office
Records held by Greater London Record Office (as filmed by the AJCP)
Date Range
1774 - 1939
Collection Number
M581, M3087-M3105
67 items
Language of Materials
Australian Joint Copying Project
The Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP) online portal was created with the assistance of the Australian Public Service Modernisation Fund, 2017-2020. The National Library of Australia gratefully acknowledges the contribution of the other foundation AJCP partners, the State Library of New South Wales and The National Archives of the UK, and all other organisations which supported the work of the AJCP, the world's most extensive collaborative copying project, operating from 1948 to 1997.


Scope and Contents

Records of cases from the County of Middlesex tried in the London Criminal Court (Old Bailey) and detained in Newgate Gaol.

Conditions Governing Access

Available for Access.

Conditions Governing Use

Readers wishing to publish or reproduce documents should seek permission, in the first instance, from the London Metropolitan Archives. For more information contact London Metropolitan Archives Enquiry service [].

Preferred Citation

Acknowledgement of use of this material should refer to the London Metropolitan Archives and to the Australian Joint Copying Project.

Items from this collection should include references to the London Metropolitan Archives and to the AJCP nla.obj number, which serves as the online identifier for the digital copy.

Example: Western Australasian Trade Section Minute Book. 22 April 1895- 12 October 1904, London Metropolitan Archives. MS 16512 (AJCP ref:

Archival History

Material selectively filmed at the Middlesex County Record Office, 1964 (AJCP Reel: M581) and the Greater London Record Office, 1995 (AJCP Reels: M3087-M3105) as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project. Original microfilm digitised as part of the AJCP Online Delivery Project, 2017-2020.

Originally held at Middlesex County Record Office and then the Greater London Record Office, 1 Queen Anne's Gate Buildings, Dartmouth Street, London SW1H 9BS, now London Metropolitan Archives.

Existence and Location of Originals

London Metropolitan Archives, London, England.

For further information see London Metropolitan Archives (

Existence and Location of Copies

The original AJCP microfilm of the records filmed from this collection is available at the National Library of Australia [] as well as other institutions holding AJCP microfilm.

This collection supplements HO26. Home office: Criminal Registers, Middlesex, 1791-1849 [] which has been digitised as by the Australian Joint Copying Project.

Finding Aid Note

This finding aid is a revised online version of the original finding aid prepared by the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP), published by the National Library of Australia in 2018. The original AJCP finding aids were unpublished typescripts or photocopies available from libraries that held copies of the original microfilm.

Dates used in this finding aid refer to the date range of the records selected for filming rather than to the date range of the Series or Files.

The identifiers used in this finding aid were accurate at the time of filming.


Australia: immigration to; Convicts; Newgate Gaol; Great Britain. Central Criminal Court; Prisons: England


Originally cited in Australian Joint Copying Project Handbook. Part 8: Miscellaneous (M) Series. Third Edition, published 1998. Entry 199, p. 75.

Biographical / Historical

The Middlesex County Record Office evolved from the collection of records of Middlesex Quarter Sessions which the Clerk of the Peace was required to preserve, together with other records such as enclosure awards. At the direction of a committee of the justices of peace, the old records were first sorted and listed in the 1880s. The new Middlesex Guildhall at Westminster, which was equipped with muniment rooms, opened in 1913 and in 1923 a full-time assistant was placed in charge of the records. The first county archivist was appointed in 1946, initially on a part-time basis. In the late 1950s the record office moved into new premises in Dartmouth Street.

In 1965 the new Greater London Council took over the record offices of the London County Council and the defunct Middlesex County Council. However they remained in separate premises until 1979, when the Dartmouth Street premises were sold. Both archives were then housed in County Hall. In 1982 the Greater London Record Office moved to a new building in Clerkenwell. In 1986 the Greater London Council was abolished and the record office became the responsibility of the City of London Corporation. Its name was changed to the London Metropolitan Archives in 1997.

Item Descriptions

Fonds. Records of the Middlesex County Record Office, January 1774 - June 1793

Series OB. Records of Middlesex (Old Bailey) Sessions, January 1774 - June 1793

5 items

Archival history

Originally filmed on AJCP Reel M581

Subseries OB/C/J. Old Bailey. Calendars of indictments, January 1774 - December 1790

The magistrates at Middlesex Sessions prepared bills of indictment which were presented to the jurors. The jurors then decided if there were enough evidence to put the defendant on trial. If so, the bill of indictment would be annotated 'true bill' and the case would be heard at the gaol delivery sessions at the Old Bailey.

The calendars are arranged alphabetically by the name of the defendant and, under each letter, the order is chronological. Next to the names are annotations, usually abbreviated, such as NG (not guilty), GD (gaol delivery), 'G. House of Correction', 'G. Newgate', 'sent to Essex' etc., 'died in gaol', 'indicted in London'. Many entries also record the crime, such as larceny, highway robbery, vagabond and coining, or personal comments, such as 'incorrigible rogue'.

Filmed selectively.

Old Bailey. Calendar of indictments - List of Newgate Prisoners indicted for trial at the Old Bailey, January 1774 - December 1790 (File OB/C/J/002)
Subseries OB/SB. Old Bailey, Session books, January 1785 - June 1793
4 items

The session books contain minutes of proceedings of the trials of Middlesex and Westminster prisoners in Newgate Gaol held under the Commission of Gaol Delivery at the Old Bailey Sessions House. Old Bailey sessions were held eight times a year. The session books record the names of the justices and jurors and defendants, details of the charges, and sentences. From volume 18 onwards, the session books also contain calendars of prisoners in Newgate Gaol, with the verdicts and sentences for each prisoner and in some instances details of transportation arrangements.

Filmed selectively.

Old Bailey. Session Book, January 1785 (File OB/SB/017)
Old Bailey. Session Book, February 1785 - September 1787 (File OB/SB/018)
Old Bailey. Session Book, October 1787 - July 1790 (File OB/SB/019)
Old Bailey. Session Book, September 1790 - June 1793 (File OB/SB/020)

Fonds. Official Records of County of Middlesex

62 items

Series MA. Administration, 10 May 1862 - 1 September 1874

12 items

Archival history

Originally filmed on AJCP Reel M3087

Subseries MA/G. Prisons, 10 May 1862 - 1 September 1874
1 item
New Prison, Clerkenwell, 10 May 1862 - 1 September 1874 (File MA/G/CLE 204-6200)
6 items

Papers of visiting justices.

Filmed selectively.

Governor, House of Dentention, to Visiting Justices, 10 May 1862 (Item 995)

Removal of prisoner D.C. Patterson to Australia; refusal of Inspector E. Ryan of Melbourne Police Force to remove prisoner.

H. Waddington (Home Office) to Clerk to Visiting Justices, 19 May 1862 (Item 1023a)

Case of D.C. Patterson; his removal ordered by Duke of Newcastle; question of reimbursement for expense while at House of Detention.

Suter, Austin & Co. to Committee of Visitors, 1 September 1872 (Item 4876)

Sends list of institutions supplied with Australian and New Zealand meat.

Suter, Austin & Co. to Committee of Visitors, 4 March 1873 (Item 5076)

Sends list of institutions supplied with New Zealand and Australian meat.

Suter, Austin & Co. to Committee of Visitors, 1 September 1874 (Item 5607)

Quotations for Australian and New Zealand meat; list of institutions already supplied.

Series MJ. Court in Session, 1787 - 1867

5 items

Archival history

Originally filmed on AJCP Reel M3087

Subseries MJ/SBT. Orders to Keepers of Prisons, 1834 - 1847
1 item
Orders to Keepers of Prisons, 1834 - 1847 (File MJ/SBT/1)

Orders, mainly from Clerk of Peace to Keepers of Newgate and New Prison, Clerkenwell, concerning convicts under sentence of transportation. Gives name, age, offence and sentence of convicts.


Subseries MJ/SPT. Transportation Papers, 1787 - 1867
4 items

Filmed selectively.

Note stating that Horah Sarah, Ann Farmer, Susannah Mason and Jane Field to be transported to eastern coast of N.S.W (1p.), 1787 (File 4/6)
Return showing amount paid by Treasurer of County of Middlesex for conveyance of prisoners under sentence of transportation (22pp.), 31 December 1836 - 1 July 1837 (File 5/1)

Gives name, where tried, from where conveyed, to where conveyed, amount paid.

Middlesex. Report of a committee to consider the question of penal servitude and particularly the ticket of leave question. London (7pp.), 1863 (File 5/10)
Middlesex. Report of a committee appointed to consider the importance of resuming the transportation of criminals and resolution of the Court. London (9pp.), 1867 (File 5/10)

Series OB. Goal Delivery Sessions Records (post 1754)

39 items

Archival history

Originally filmed on AJCP Reel M3104

Subseries OB/CJ. Index to indictments of Middlesex prisoners, January 1791 - November 1832
3 items

Gives name, offence (in general terms eg. larceny, hy. robbery), and date.

Filmed selectively.

Index, January 1791 - December 1811 (File 3)
Index, January 1812 - February 1824 (File 4)
Index, April 1824 - November 1832 (File 5)
Subseries OB/CP. Calendars of Prisoners, Newgate (20 vols.), January 1820 - December 1853
20 items

Gives name, age, trade, by whom and when committed, offence (in detail), and sentence.

Filmed selectively.

Calendar of Prisoners, January 1820 - December 1820 (File 1)
Calendar of Prisoners, January 1821 - December 1821 (File 2)
Calendar of Prisoners, January 1822 - December 1822 (File 3)
Calendar of Prisoners, January 1830 - December 1830 (File 4)
Calendar of Prisoners, January 1832 - November 1832 (File 5)
Calendar of Prisoners, January 1833 - October 1833 (File 6)
Calendar of Prisoners, November 1833 - October 1834 (File 7)
Calendar of Prisoners, November 1837 - October 1838 (File 8)
Calendar of Prisoners, November 1838 - November 1839 (File 9)
Calendar of Prisoners, November 1839 - October 1840 (File 10)
Calendar of Prisoners, November 1841 - January 1842 (File 11)
Calendar of Prisoners, November 1842 - October 1843 (File 12)
Calendar of Prisoners, November 1843 - October 1844 (File 13)
Calendar of Prisoners, November 1844 - October 1845 (File 14)
Calendar of Prisoners, November 1845 - October 1846 (File 15)
Calendar of Prisoners, November 1848 - October 1849 (File 16)
Calendar of Prisoners, November 1849 - October 1850 (File 17)
Calendar of Prisoners, November 1850 - October 1851 (File 18)
Calendar of Prisoners, November 1851 - October 1852 (File 19)
Calendar of Prisoners, November 1852 - December 1853 (File 20)
Subseries OB/SB. Gaol Delivery Books, September 1793 - October 1834
16 items

Gives names of justices and jury, date, name of convict, offence (in detail), and sentence. Includes some transportation contracts.

Filmed selectively.

Gaol Delivery Book, September 1793 - June 1796 (File 21)
Gaol Delivery Book, September 1796 - September 1799 (File 22)
Gaol Delivery Book, October 1799 - October 1802 (File 23)
Gaol Delivery Book, December 1802 - February 1806 (File 24)
Gaol Delivery Book, April 1806 - September 1809 (File 25)
Gaol Delivery Book, November 1809 - January 1813 (File 26)
Gaol Delivery Book, February 1813 - February 1816 (File 27)
Gaol Delivery Book, April 1816 - May 1818 (File 28)

Very poor quality original.

Gaol Delivery Book, June 1818 - September 1820 (File 29)
Gaol Delivery Book, September 1820 - April 1823 (File 30)
Gaol Delivery Book, May 1823 - December 1825 (File 31)
Gaol Delivery Book, January 1826 - December 1827 (File 32)
Gaol Delivery Book, January 1828 - September 1829 (File 33)
Gaol Delivery Book, October 1829 - September 1831 (File 34)
Gaol Delivery Book, October 1831 - February 1834 (File 35)
Gaol Delivery Book, April 1834 - October 1834 (File 36)

Series. Boards of Guardians Records

17 items

Filmed selectively

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP Reel M3104-M3105

Subseries BG/B. Brentford, 1891 - 1927
1 item

Filmed selectively.

Emigration register, 1891 - 1927 (File 216)

Gives name, age, parish, parents' names, date of resolution of Guardians, date of L.G.B.'s sanction, sponsoring society, date of emigration and cost, date of reports received, remarks. Includes children emigrating to Australia and New Zealand.


Subseries BG/E. Edmondton, 1925


Correspondence concerning emigration of children from Chase Farm School Enfield (120pp.)

Correspondence with Canadian, New Zealand and Australian High Commissions, Church Army, Dr Barnardo's Homes and Salvation Army. Also consents of parents, lists of children, brochures, Clerk's report to Schools Committee

Subseries Hp. B.G.. Hampstead, 1852 - 1914
2 items

Filmed selectively.

Emigration papers, 1852 - 1855 (File 97)

Papers relating to emigration to Australia, including accounts, certificates of embarkation, agreements between Guardians and shipowners, correspondence with Poor Law Board, and letters concerning arrival of emigrants in Australia.


Register of emigration, 1906 - 1914 (File 98)

Gives name, date of sailing, destination, cost of emigration.


Subseries La. B.G.. Lambeth, 1920 - 1939
2 items

Filmed selectively.

Register of children emigrated, 1923 - 1928 (File 186/2)

Gives name, age, date of transfer to agency, date of sailing, destination, agency, reports received, school or orphanage.


Alphabetical register of children emigrated, 1920 - 1939 (File 186/3)

Gives names and addresses.


Subseries C.U.B.. Records of Central Umemployed Body for London, 28 January 1905 - August 1917
10 items

Filmed selectively.

Biographical / Historical

The Central Unemployed Body for London was set up under the 1905 Unemployed Workmen Act. It established a working colony at Hollesley Bay and temporary working colonies, provided work in London parks, and granted loans to emigrants. Its activities were restricted after 1918 and it was abolished in 1930.

Emigration Subcommittee. Minutebook (52pp.), 28 January 1905 - 23 October 1905 (File 5)
Emigration Committee. Minutebook (243pp.), 4 December 1905 - 5 April 1907 (File 27)
Emigration Committee. Minutebook (270pp.), 8 April 1907 - 5 October 1908 (File 28)


Index (20pp.) (File 29a)
Emigration Committee. Minutebook (363pp.), 26 October 1908 - 6 February 1911 (File 29)
Emigration Committee. Minutebook (319pp.), 20 February 1911 - 6 July 1914 (File 30)

p.37/8 and 129/30 do not exist

Emigration Committee. Minutebook (36pp.), 23 March 1914 - 3 May 1915 (File 31)

The minutes are quite detailed, containing statistics, recording interviews and deputations, and summarizing correspondence. References to Australia and New Zealand are more numerous in the later volumes.

Emigration Committee. Report file. No. 4a. (c.235pp.), September 1912 - November 1913 (File 32)

The file comprises statistics, estimates and statements of expenditure, matters referred by and decisions of Finance Committee, lists of cases considered, posters, and papers concerning British Immigration League of Australia.

Sailing register (86pp.), January 1912 - July 1915 (File 133)

Arranged by borough, register gives name, age, number, relationship of dependents, destination, date of sailing, occupation, special qualifications, cost of outfit, cost of passage, landing money, total expenditure and remarks. Most of emigrants sailed to Australia, destinations including Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide, Perth, Hobart, Auckland, Dunedin, Gisborne and Wanganui.

Hollesley Bay Labour Colony subject file, no. 6. (36pp.), February 1917 - August 1917 (File 167)

Correspondence concerning a proposal, not implemented, whereby the Australian Imperial Forces would take over the labour colony at Hollesley Bay.