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Papers 1840-1843 of Philip Stanhope, Lord Mahon, referring to: motion of William Molesworth for abolition of transportation; land sales in South Australia; draft motion deploring increase in number of convicts on hulks; and convict discipline in Australia.
Letters 1863-1865 of Philip Stanhope while serving on HMS Sutlej on Pacific Station.
Papers 1886-1891 of Edward S. Stanhope. Subjects include: Australian divorce bills; admission of foreign troops and warships to colonies; New Guinea; Borneo; Adelaide International Exhibition 1887; Melbourne Centennial Exhibition 1888; defences of King George's Sound and Thursday Island; Samoa; Sir Henry Parkes; and Australian Federation. Correspondents include Lord Knutsford, Lord Salisbury, W.H. Smith, Lord Carrington, Lord Kintore, Sir Frederick Weld and Major Gen. J.B. Edwards.
Manuscript chart of coast of New Guinea 1700.
Letters 1791-1803 of William Pitt referring to Dutch East Indies, panopticon proposal of Jeremy Bentham, and conditions at Port Jackson.
Available for Access.
Many of the records digitised as part of the AJCP are still in copyright. Readers wishing to publish or reproduce documents should seek permission, in the first instance, from the owner of the original material.
Acknowledgement of use of this material should refer to the location of the original material and to the Australian Joint Copying Project.
Items from this collection should include references to the location of the original material and to the AJCP nla.obj number, which serves as the online identifier for the digital copy.
Example: M Series: Journal of Capt. James Cook, 18 February 1770, British Library Add. MS 27885 (AJCP ref: http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-1234)
Material selectively filmed at the Kent Archives Office, Maidstone, England, as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project, 1983 (AJCP Reel: M1904). Original microfilm digitised as part of the AJCP Online Delivery Project, 2017-2020.
Kent History and Library Centre, James Whatman Way, Maidstone ME14 1XQ, England. For further information see Stanhope Family at the Kent Archives Office (https://www.kentarchives.org.uk/collections/getrecord/GB51_U1590).
The original AJCP microfilm of the records filmed from this collection is available at the National Library of Australia [https://nla.gov.au/nla.cat-vn761102] as well as other institutions holding AJCP microfilm.
This finding aid is a revised online version of the original finding aid prepared by the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP), published by the National Library of Australia in 2018. The original AJCP finding aids were unpublished typescripts or photocopies available from libraries that held copies of the original microfilm.
Dates used in this finding aid refer to the date range of the records selected for filming rather than to the date range of the Series or Files.
Adelaide International Exhibition (1887); Albany, Western Australia; Australia; Austalia: laws; Australia: defence; Australia: Federation; Bentham, Jeremy; Borneo; Convict ships; Convicts; Dutch East Indies; Edwards, J.B., Maj. Gen.; Gascoyne-Cecil, Robert A.T., 3rd Marquess of salisbury; Great Britain; Great Britain. War Office; Holland, Sir Henry T., 1st Viscount Knutsford; Keith-Falconer, Sir Algernon, 10th Earl of Kintore; Land: South Australia; Maps, plans and charts: Papua New Guinea; Melbourne International Exhibitions (1881); Molesworth, Sir William; New Zealand; New Zealand: army and defence; Papua New Guinea; Parkes, Sir Henry; Pitt, William; Politicians: Britain; Queensland: army and defence; Royal Navy: Pacific station; Samoa; Smith, W.H.; Stanhope Family; Stanhope, Edward; Stanhope, Philip, 1st Baron Weardale; Sutlej, HMS (ship); Sydney, New South Wales ; Thursday Island, Queensland; Transportation of convicts: cessation; Weld, Sir Frederick; Wynn-Carrington, Charles R.W., 1st Earl Carrington
Originally cited in Australian Joint Copying Project Handbook. Part 8: Miscellaneous (M) Series. Third Edition, published 1998. Entry 434, pp169-170.
James Stanhope (1674-1721), 1st Earl Stanhope (created 1718). M.P. 1701-1721. Minister to Spain 1706-1712, Commander-in-Chief of British forces in Spain 1708-1712. Secretary of State 1714-1717. First Lord of Treasury and Chancellor of Exchequer 1717-1718, 1718-1721.
Charles Stanhope (1753-1816), 3rd Earl Stanhope (succeeded 1786). Scientist. Married Lady Hester Pitt (d. 1780), sister of William Pitt, Prime Minister in 1783-1801 and 1804-1806. Their daughter, Lady Hester Stanhope (1776-1839), was Pitt's secretary and housekeeper, and later a traveller and eccentric.
Philip Stanhope (1805-1875), 5th Earl Stanhope (succeeded 1855), styled Viscount Mahon, 1816-1855. Conservative M.P. 1830-1833, 1835-1852. Under-Secretary for Foreign Affairs 1834-1835, Joint Secretary to India Board 1845-1846. President of Society of Antiquaries 1846-1875, President of Royal Literary Fund 1865-1875, Trustee of National Portrait Gallery, 1856-1875. Historian and biographer of Pitt.
Philip Stanhope (1838-1905), 6th Earl Stanhope (succeeded 1875). Served in Royal Navy on Pacific Station, 1863-1865. Conservative M.P. 1868-1875.
Edward Stanhope (1840-1893), son of 5th Earl Stanhope. Educated at Harrow and Christ Church, Oxford. Conservative M.P. 1874-1893. Parliamentary Secretary to Board of Trade 1875-1878, Under-Secretary of State for India 1878-1880, President of Board of Trade 1885-1886, Secretary of State for Colonies August 1886-January 1887, Secretary of State for War 1887-1892.
Motion of W. Moleworth for abolition of transportation; views of E. Macarthur on need for convict labour; ticket of leave system; Molesworth Committee; amendment to report of Committee on land sales in South Australia.
Offer of Governorship of Van Diemen's Land to J. Pakington (includes letter from Pakington declining appointment); convict discipline in Van Diemen's Land and Norfolk Island.
Discusses: transportation; shortage of labour in N.S.W.; Justice W. Burton; A. Maconochie; Van Diemen's Land; J. Backhouse.
Music; sends leaflet on Sydney Musical Competition; riding.
Account of voyage to Pitairn Island and Tahiti.
Cabinet and Foreign Office papers, including correspondence on British New Guinea Protectorate, Nov. 1886 (32 pp.), distribution of Pacific Islands between Great Powers, 1 August 1887 (5 pp.), affairs of North Borneo, March 1887 (3 pp.), German protectorates in South Seas and elsewhere, July 1887 (4 pp.)
Colonial Office papers, including correspondence on appointment of Governors in South Australia and Queensland, Nov. 1888 (10 pp.), Chinese immigration into Australia, June 1888 (7 pp.), responsible government in Western Australia, 13 May 1889 (16 pp.).
Recommends Royal Commission be appointed in London to promote Adelaide International Exhibition.
Recommends appointment of Royal Commission.
Recommendations for honours, including W. Buller of New Zealand and J. Mason of Fiji.
Recommends appointment of Sir Robert Hamilton as Governor of Tasmania.
Request of Sir George Bowen for baronetcy.
Thanks for letter; plans for leaving Ireland.
Imperial Conference; telegram on New Guinea; appointment of Sir Robert Hamilton as Governor of Tasmania.
Invitation to serve on Royal Commission to promote Melbourne Centennial Exhibition.
Regarding Chief Justice Onslow's suspension and [Wanton's] application for his position. Asking for assistance in gaining the position.
Impossibility of appointing A. Warton Chief Justice of Western Australia; opposition to responsible government in Western Australia.
Speech given regarding the postion of the Office.
Suggestion of Sir Henry Loch that Australian volunteer or militia force serve in India.
Arranges interview with Sir Henry Loch; suggestion of Lord Lamington imperial troops be sent to Australia.
Sends extract from Lord Onslow on Australian defences.
Lord Onslow urges J. Edwards to inspect New Zealand volunteers.
Visit of J. Edwards to New Zealand; stationing of Royal Engineers at Straits Settlements.
Opposes decision not to send Royal Engineers to Singapore.
Defences of King George's Sound and Thursday Island.
Letter from Capt. Moore on Australian defences.
Parliamentary question on military contribution of Straits Settlements.
Criticisms by Stanhope of minute on garrisons for Torres Strait and King George's Sound.
New Zealand's 'monstrous' claims to Samoa.
Suggests joint control of Samoa between Britain, United States and Germany; need to wait for report of Sir John Thurston.
Refers to deputation on federation.
Inquires about arrangements in Australian colonies during absence of governor.
Requests introductions to Canada and New Zealand for son of W. Mackenzie.
Sir Henry Loch; Naval Defence Scheme; N.S.W. politics; memorials to Sir Joseph Banks in N.S.W.; Sir Henry Parkes; Sir Patrick Jennings; honours. (3 letters)
Work of Major-General J.B. Edwards in Australia.
Queen's Jubilee; Imperial Conference.
Seeks governorship of Tasmania; financial difficulties.
Visit to New Zealand; Sir Joseph Banks Islands in South Australia.
Visit of Major-General J.B. Edwards.
Seeks governorship of Ceylon; work as Premier of New Zealand; tour of Native States; Sultan of Johore.
General Downes; short comings of South Australian militia.
Sends letter from Bishop A. Barry urging Royal Assent be witheld from N.S.W. Divorce Extension Bill.
Tour of Australia; necessity for federation; Sir Henry Parkes; responsible government in Western Australia.
Australian tour; Sir Henry Parkes; resignation.
The chart, 37" × 20", shows the route of a voyage, presumably that of William Dampier in the Roebuck, from Timor to Ceram, Banda Island, along the western coast of New Guinea (Cape Maba, Goram), and the coast of New Britain. It refers to the discovery of Dampier Strait between New Guinea and New Britain, 25 march 1700.
Resources of United Provinces; decline of Dutch East India Company; low profits of spice trade; possibility of Bandas, Fernate or Celebes being used as military or colonizing bases. (12 pp.)
Sends papers on panopticon penitentiary house; refers to bad news of N.S.W. establishment; failure of convict hulks.
Enclosure: Outline of plan of construction of a panopticon penitentiary house. (8 ff.)
Governor J. Hunter; high cost of penal settlement; impossibility of defending Sydney; need for soldiers to be employed on civil works; lack of progress of colony; qualities needed in governor; need for code of laws, better educational system, better communications with England. (11 pp.)