Guide to the Papers of Sir Anthony Musgrave (as filmed by the AJCP)



National Library of Australia View Catalogue Record

Created: 2019

Collection Summary

Musgrave, Anthony, Sir
Papers of Sir Anthony Musgrave (as filmed by the AJCP)
Date Range
1862 - 16 May 1916
Collection Number
9 items
Language of Materials
Australian Joint Copying Project
The Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP) online portal was created with the assistance of the Australian Public Service Modernisation Fund, 2017-2020. The National Library of Australia gratefully acknowledges the contribution of the other foundation AJCP partners, the State Library of New South Wales and The National Archives of the UK, and all other organisations which supported the work of the AJCP, the world's most extensive collaborative copying project, operating from 1948 to 1997.


Scope and Contents

Letters of commission and associated instructions 1862-83, appointing Musgrave to his various official positions.

Memorial 1883 signed by J.I. Wigham and all the 'principal ladies' of Portland, Jamaica.

Correspondence including letters from Sir Alfred Stephen to Dudley Field; 15 personal letters 1890-1901 from Sir Samuel Griffith to Lady Musgrave, with references to Federation and Australian political and public figures; correspondence 1888 between Col. G.A. French and W.A.B. Musgrave, concerning a Capt. Draper; correspondence 1870-1916 concerning journal articles on economic topics by Sir Anthony Musgrave, together with personal and family matters.

Schedule of petitions and telegrams presented to Musgrave in December 1884 asking for the reprieve of Bernard Williams and Neil McNeil. McNeil had been found guilty in November 1884 of the shooting of a native of the Solomon Islands. Included is portion of a draft letter by Musgrave on the McNeil case.

Diary 1888 kept by Lady Musgrave; book containing items relating to the death of her husband in 1888, including press cuttings, letters of condolence, photographs of Musgrave, photographs of memorials; probate of the will of Musgrave.

Correspondence 1910-12 concerning memorials to Musgrave with photographs of the memorials.

Conditions Governing Access

Available for access.

Conditions Governing Use

Many of the records digitised as part of the AJCP are still in copyright. Readers wishing to publish or reproduce documents should seek permission, in the first instance, from the owner of the original material.

Preferred Citation

Acknowledgement of use of this material should refer to the location of the original material and to the Australian Joint Copying Project.Citation items from this collection should include references to the location of the original material and to the AJCP nla.obj number, which serves as the online identifier for the digital copy.

Example: M Series: Journal of Capt. James Cook, 18 February-23 September 1770, British Library Add. MS 27885 (AJCP ref:

Archival History

Filmed at the private residence of Mr William Musgrave, Surrey, as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project, 1963. (AJCP reel M412). Original microfilm digitised as part of the NLA AJCP Online Delivery Project, 2017-2020.

At the time of filming the material filmed was held by Mr William Musgrave. Since then it has been deposited into the William R. Perkins Library, Duke University, United States of America.

Existence and Location of Originals

William R. Perkins Library, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA. Collection reference: 19647034.

For further information see Sir Anthony Musgrave at the Duke University Archives (

Existence and Location of Copies

The original AJCP microfilm of the records filmed from this collection is available at the National Library of Australia as well as other institutions holding AJCP microfilm.

Finding Aid Note

This finding aid is a revised online version of the original finding aid prepared by the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP), published by the National Library of Australia in 2019. The original AJCP finding aids were unpublished typescripts or photocopies available from libraries that held copies of the original microfilm.

Dates used in this finding aid refer to the date range of the records selected for filming rather than to the date range of the Series or Files.


Australia; Australia: Federation; Australia: politics and government; Crime and criminals; Draper, Capt.; French, George A., Col.; Great Britain; Governors and Governors General: Queensland; Governors and Governors General: South Australia; Griffith, Sir Samuel W.; Jamaica; Leeward Islands; McNeil, Neil; Musgrave, Jeannie L., Lady; Musgrave, Sir Anthony; Musgrave, W.A.B.; Photographs; Portland, Jamaica; Queensland; Solomon Islands; Stephen, Sir Alfred; Wigham, J.I.; Williams, Bernard; Wills


Originally cited in Australian Joint Copying Project Handbook. Part 8: Miscellaneous (M) Series. Third Edition, published 1998. Entry number 111, page 40.

Biographical / Historical

Sir Anthony Musgrave (1828-1888) was born in Antigua, the son of the colony's treasurer. He was educated in the West Indies and in 1851 was admitted to the Inner Temple, London. He soon returned to Antigua and was colonial secretary in 1854-60. He was administrator of Nevis in 1860-61 and was lieutenant-governor of St Vincent in 1862-64. He was governor of Newfoundland in 1864-69, British Columbia in 1869-72 and Natal in 1872-73. In 1873 Musgrave was appointed governor of South Australia and two years later he was knighted. In 1877 he became governor of Jamaica and in 1883 he returned to Australia as governor of Queensland. He died suddenly while in office.

Musgrave had a strong interest in economic matters and was the author of Studies in political economy (1875). He contributed occasional articles to London journals such as the Contemporary Review and the Westminster Review.

In 1853 Musgrave married Christiana Byam. She died in 1858, leaving two sons. In 1870 he married Jeanie Lucinda Field (d. 1920), the daughter of the American lawyer and law reformer David Dudley Field (1805-1894). They had three sons and a daughter (who died in an accident in Adelaide in 1874). Musgrave's nephew Captain Anthony Musgrave (1849-1912) was Deputy Commissioner (1884-88) and Government Secretary (1888-1908) of British New Guinea.

Item Descriptions

Correspondence and newspaper cuttings, 1874 - 1916 (File 1)

36 items

Major-General Henry Renny (Colombo) to Musgrave, 4 February 1874 (Item)

Musgrave's visit to Ceylon.

Frederick Locker (London) to Musgrave, 7 April 1874 (Item)

Article by Musgrave passed to J.T. Knowles, editor of Contemporary Review.

Frederic Locker (The Hague) to Musgrave, 17 July [1774] (Item)

Locker's marriage; Musgrave's contribution to Contemporary Review.

H.D. Macleod (London) to Musgrave, 13 October 1874 (Item)

Comments on Musgrave's article 'Mr Mill on capital'; definition of 'capital'.

H.D. Macleod to Musgrave, 17 February 1875 (Item)

Principles of economical philosophy; theory of credit in Byzantine Empire.

Musgrave (Adelaide) to D.D. Field, 25 May 1874 (Item)

Thanks for pencil case; death of his daughter; Musgrave's book and article In Contemporary Review; his son William.

Rev. Alexander Russell (Adelaide) to Musgrave, 22 November 1876 (Item)

Musgrave's appointment as Governor of Jamaica.

Newspaper cutting of a speech by Musgrave delivered on his departure from South Australia, [South Australian Register], 27 January 1877 (Item)

Musgrave (Kingston) to Edward Norton, 24 January 1883 (Item)

Newton's health; question of his return to Jamaica; local affairs; loan legislation.

R.J. Boyd to Lady Musgrave, 8 March 1883 (Item)

Thanks for help.

Musgrave to Lord Derby, 27 December 1884 (Item)

Reprieve granted to prisoners Neil McNeil and Bernard Williams under sentences of death; views of Executive Council. (draft)

List of petitions concerning the case of McNeil and Williams (Item)

John Chapman to Musgrave, 31 July 1886 (Item)

Treatment of colonial questions and Imperial Federation in Westminster Review; suggests Musgrave write a paper on the Irish in Newfoundland.

John Chapman (London) to Musgrave, August 1886 - September 1886 (Item)

Article in Westminster Review on currency question. (4 letters)

Musgrave (Whitehaven) to D.D. Field, 28 September 1886 (Item)

Travels in Scotland; financial matters; dinner for Musgrave in London.

Newspaper account of a dinner in London in honour of Musgrave, October 1886 (Item)

Musgrave (London) to D.D. Field (Item)

Departure from London; report of banquet.

Musgrave (SS Rome) to Edward Newton, 28 September 1886 (Item)

Arrangements made for his sons in England; report of banquet in London; Sir Henry Norman in Jamaica.

Prospectus and report of Westminster Review Company Ltd, March 1887 (Item)

John Chapman (London) to Musgrave, 9 April 1887 (Item)

Meeting of Westminster Review Co. Also includes a note to Musgrave regarding a certificate for 1 share of Westminster Review Co., 5 March 1887.

Sir Thomas Brassey to Musgrave, 12 October 1887 (Item)

Death of Lady Brassey on the Sunbeam.

Committee of Lady Musgrave Lodge (Brisbane) to Lady Musgrave, October 1888 (Item)

Death of Musgrave; Lady Musgrave's departure from Queensland. (2 letters)

Col. G.A. French (Brisbane) to W.A.B. Musgrave, 27 October 1888 (Item)

Case of Capt. Draper; queries whether Sir Anthony Musgrave made a definite decision on the matter.

W.A.B. Musgrave (Brisbane) to Col. G.A. French, 27 October 1888 (Item)

Recollections of Governor's handling of case of Capt. Draper.

H.D. Sedgwick (New York) to Lady Musgrave, 11 May 1916 (Item)

Agrees to be her executor in United States.

Godwin Smith to Lady Musgrave, 10 June 1889 (Item)

Admiral Tryon to Musgrave, 20 May 1887 (Item)

Notes and extracts from writings, c.1870-1876 (File 2)

2 items

Extract from paper by W.S. Jevons, 'The progress of the mathematical theory of political economy', 11 November 1874 (Item)

Containing a reference to Musgrave's writings.

Notes and quotes from articles and books, c.1870-1876 (Item)

Correspondence of Lady Musgrave concerning memorials in honour of her husband, 1910 - 1913 (File 3)

Late in her life, Lady Musgrave provided funds for various kinds of memorials to Musgrave in colonies in which he had been governor or administrator. They included shields, a lectern, candlesticks and a launch. In addition to photographs, the papers comprise letters from the Governor of Queensland, Sir William MacGregor, the Bishop of Antigua, the rector of St Paul's Church, Nevis, the Bishop of the West Indies, the Bishop of Newfoundland, the Newfoundland Church Lads' Brigade, the Columbia Church Mission, and the British Columbia Church Aid Society.

Address to Lady Musgrave, 16 April 1883 (File 4)

J.I. Wigham to the Ladies Committee of the Women's Self Help Committee, 16 April 1883: sends signatures (30pp) of ladies of Portland for proposed address to Lady Musgrave on her departure from Jamaica.

Will of Sir Anthony Musgrave, 16 August 1877 - 8 August 1883 (File 5)

Will of Sir Anthony Musgrave, 16 Aug. 1877, and two codicils, 8 Nov. 1879, 8 Aug. 1883.

Commissions, 1862 - 1883 (File 6)

Commissions appointing Musgrave as Lieutenant Governor of St Vincent (1862), Governor of Newfoundland (1864), Governor of South Australia (1873), Governor of Jamaica (1877) and Governor of Queensland (1883). There are also letters about his appointment from the Secretary of State for the Colonies: the Duke of Newcastle (1862), Lord Granville (1869) and Lord Kimberley (1871).

Letters of Sir Samuel Griffith to Lady Musgrave, 1890 - 1901 (File 7)

Fifteen letters from the Queensland politician and judge, Sir Samuel Griffith, to Lady Musgrave following her return to England in 1888.

They refer to a photograph of Sir Anthony Musgrave, Griffith's visit to Western Australia, the 1890 Federal Conference in Melbourne, John Macrossan, Sir henry Parkes, Sir Thomas McIlwraith, the formation of a coalition ministry with McIlwraith, the 1890 maritime strike, the death of Griffith's father (1891), industrial troubles, the 1891 Federal Convention, the separation movement in Queensland, the 1891 shearers' strike, economic depression, Griffith's visits to New Guinea, his decision to move to the Supreme Court (1893), Lord Jersey, Sir Charles Lilley, the death of lady Musgrave's father, his work as Chief Justice of Queensland, the Federation movement, the disruptive role of George Reid, the 1899 federation poll, Griffith's translations of Dante, Sir William Dickson, Sir Robert Philp, the establishment of the Commonwealth in 1901, the drafting of the Judiciary Bill, the Barton ministry, and the death of Queen Victoria.

Diary of Lady Musgrave, 1888 (File 8)

The diary, which has a page for each day, commences on 14 February 1888 and continues to the end of the year. The entries refer to social events, visits to schools and hospitals, exhibitions, music, cruises on the Lucinda, a visit by Lord and Lady Carrington (May 1888), a tour visiting Bundaberg, Gympie and Maryborough (May-June 1888), the resignation of Sir William Griffith as Premier (12 June 1888), the Melbourne International Exhibition (Aug. 1888), the death of Sir Anthony Musgrave (8 Oct. 1888) and Lady Musgrave's departure from Queensland and her journey to England on SS Juno (Nov.-Dec. 1888).

Album of photographs and tributes to Musgrave, 1888 - 1890 (File 9)

Album of photographs, letters, cables, obituaries and newspaper cuttings compiled following the death of Musgrave in October 1888. There are a large number of photographic portraits of Musgrave, dating from 1869 to 1888, as well as photographs of his grave, inscriptions on the grave, memorials in St John's Church, Brisbane, and the funeral procession in Brisbane. There are a large number of letters and cables from individuals and organisations to Lady Musgrave expressing sympathy on the death of her husband. The correspondents include Lady Carrington, Sir George Baden-Powell, Sir Henry Ayers, Lord Knutsford, William MacGregor, Charles Pearson, Sir Thomas Brassey, Sir Robert Hamilton, Sir Henry Loch and Sir Alfred Stephen. Among the other papers are special editions of the Queensland Government Gazette (9 Oct. 1888) and the Jamaica Gazette (10 Oct. 1888), the death certificate, Lady Musgrave's written account of Musgrave's death, newspaper reports of the funeral, obituaries, addresses of condolence from the parliaments of Queensland and Tasmania, and newspaper cuttings about memorials to Musgrave erected in Jamaica.