Guide to the Collections held by the Surrey Record Office, Guildford Branch (as filmed by the AJCP)



National Library of Australia View Catalogue Record

Created: 2019

Collection Summary

Surrey Record Office. Guildford Muniment Room
Collections held by the Surrey Record Office, Guildford Muniment Room (as filmed by the AJCP)
Date Range
1854 - 1941
Collection Number
60 items
Language of Materials
Australian Joint Copying Project
The Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP) online portal was created with the assistance of the Australian Public Service Modernisation Fund, 2017-2020. The National Library of Australia gratefully acknowledges the contribution of the other foundation AJCP partners, the State Library of New South Wales and The National Archives of the UK, and all other organisations which supported the work of the AJCP, the world's most extensive collaborative copying project, operating from 1948 to 1997.


Scope and Contents

Papers 1888-1905 of Sir William Hillier Onslow, 4th Earl of Onslow, Governor of New Zealand 1889-1892. Subjects include: Maoris; Federation of Australia; Chinese crisis in New South Wales; defences of New Zealand and Australia; and New Zealand birds. Correspondents include Queen Victoria, Lord Knutsford, Richard Seddon and J. Chamberlain. Also papers of his son Sir Richard Onslow including an account of a visit to Australia and New Zealand 1889-1890.

Letters 1922-1941 of Arthur and Fred Gammon of Kaikohe, New Zealand, to Harold Gammon referring to conditions of soldiers' settlement farm and impact of the Great Depression.

Papers 1854-1865 of Martin Ware comprising letters from former boys of Ragged Schools and Shoeblack Society referring to Australian churches, life at the Ovens River diggings, Maori War, work on railways in Queensland, and Australian Aborigines. Also journal of Martin S. Ware kept on journey to North America, Fiji, Australia and New Zealand 1911-1912.

Conditions Governing Access

Available for Access.

Conditions Governing Use

Many of the records digitised as part of the AJCP are still in copyright. Readers wishing to publish or reproduce documents should seek permission, in the first instance, from the owner of the original material.

This microfilm is to be used for reference and research only. Readers wishing to publish or reproduce any of the papers should seek the permission of the appropriate copyright owners through the Senior Archivist, Surrey History Centre, Goldsworth Road, Woking, Surrey.

Preferred Citation

Acknowledgement of use of this material should refer to the location of the original material and to the Australian Joint Copying Project.

Items from this collection should include references to the location of the original material and to the AJCP nla.obj number, which serves as the online identifier for the digital copy.

Example: M Series: Journal of Capt. James Cook, 18 February 1770, British Library Add. MS 27885 (AJCP ref:

Archival History

Material selectively filmed at the Guildford Muniment Room, Surrey Record Office, Castle Arch, as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project, 1983 (AJCP Reels:M1840). Original microfilm digitised as part of the AJCP Online Delivery Project, 2017-2020.

This collection was originally held by the Guildford Muniment Room, Castle Arch, Guildford, England. However, since the records were filmed the Surrey History Centre replaced the Guildford Muniment Room, the Surrey Record Office and the Surrey Local Studies Library.

Existence and Location of Originals

Surrey History Centre, Goldsworth Road, Woking, Surrey, England.

For more information see the Surrey Record Office. []

Existence and Location of Copies

The original AJCP microfilm of the records filmed from this collection is available at the National Library of Australia [] as well as other institutions holding AJCP microfilm.

The records of the Surrey Record Office (M1834-M1839) have been listed and filmed seperately. []

Finding-aid Notes

This finding aid is a revised online version of the original finding aid prepared by the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP), published by the National Library of Australia in 2019. The original AJCP finding aids were unpublished typescripts or photocopies available from libraries that held copies of the original microfilm.

Dates used in this finding aid refer to the date range of the records selected for filming rather than to the date range of the Series or Files.

Advisory Statement

Australian Aboriginal, Maori and Torres Strait Islander people are advised that this Finding Aid contains material and descriptive information which may be considered culturally sensitive and may cause distress, including names and images of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people now deceased. This Finding Aid contains terms that reflect authors' views or those of the historical period, but which may not be considered appropriate today. While the information may not reflect current understanding, it is provided in an historical context.


Australia; Australia: Church Building; Australia: defence; Australia: Federation; Australia: visits to; Chamberlain, Joseph; Chinese in Australia; Fiji; Gammon, Arthur; Gammon, Fred; Gammon, Harold; Gold and Goldfields: Victoria; Great Britain; Holland, Sir Henry T., 1st Viscount Knutsford; Indigenous Australians; Kaikohe, New Zealand; Maori; New Zealand; New Zealand: Birds; New Zealand: defence; New Zealand: economic conditions; New Zealand: farms and farming ; New Zealand: flora and fauna; New Zealand: Governors and Govenors General; New Zealand: visits to; New Zealand Wars; North America; Onslow, Sir Richard; Onslow, William H., 4th Earl; Ovens River, Victoria; Ragged Schools and Shoeblack Society; Railways: Queensland; Seddon, Richard; Victoria, Queen of Great Britain; Ware, Martin; Ware, Martin S.


Originally cited in Australian Joint Copying Project Handbook. Part 8: Miscellaneous (M) Series. Third Edition, published 1998. Entry 451, p177. []

Item Descriptions

Fonds 173. Onslow Manuscripts, 1887 - 4 July 1906

51 items

Papers of Onslow Family of Clandon Park, Guildford.

Biographical / Historical

Sir William Hillier Onslow (1853-1911), 4th Earl of Onslow (succeeded 1870), Parliamentary Under-Secretary for Colonies 1887-1888, Parliamentary Secretary to Board of Trade 1888, Governor of New Zealand 1889-1892, Parliamentary Under-Secretary for India 1895-1900, Parliamentary Under-Secretary for Colonies 1900-1903.

Sir Richard William Alan Onslow (1876-1945), 5th Earl of Onslow (succeeded 1911), served in Diplomatic Service and Foreign Office 1901-1914.

Series 173/1. 5th Earl of Onslow. History of the Onslow Family. (typescript)

1 items

Filmed selectively.

Volume 4 pp. 1012-1103 (File)
2 items

The history quotes many of Onslow's letters and diary entries.

William Hillier, 4th Earl of Onslow: Office (Item Chapter 26)
William Hillier, 4th Earl of Onslow: New Zealand (Item Chapter 27)

Series 173/3-26. Correspondence of the 5th Earl of Onslow, 1887 - 1907

34 items

Filmed selectively.

Correspondence, 1887 - 1892 (File 173/6)

Items include:

Onslow. Native New Zealand birds (4pp, printed). [25 December 1891]

Notes on New Zealand birds, Including part of memorandum by Sir Walter Buller on vanishing species of birds.

Queen Victoria to Onslow. Thanks for letter; attachment of New Zealand people to Queen rather than dynasty. [7 August 1891]

Queen Victoria to Onslow. Thanks for letter; Maoris a fine race; behaviour of Opposition in Parliament. [31 July 1890]

Correspondence on claim of Rear Admiral Lord Charles Scott, Commander-in-Chief of the Australian Station, to title of 'His Excellency' in official correspondence with Governor and Ministry of N.S.W., (8p., printed) [1890]

Correspondence on federation of Australia, (36p., printed) [1889-1890]

Private notes of Lord Carrington on Chinese crisis in N.S.W., (26p., printed) [1888]

Notes on 1887 Colonial Conference and increase of Australian Squadron. (3p., typescript).

Notes on 1887 Colonial Conference. (14p., typescript)

R. Seddon (Wellington) to Onslow, 23 March 1892 (File 3)

Hopes Onslow will retain Hon. Colonelcy of Canterbury Yeomanry Cavalry.

J. Chamberlain to Onslow, 20 April 1896 (File 31)

Recommendation by Onslow of honour for Sir Francis Bell.

Papers on defences of New Zealand and Australia, (23p., printed), 1900 (File 79)
T.C.M. Notes on Australian naval defence, (16p., typescript), 21 January 1901 (File 80)
Lord Roberts to Military Secretary, 2 October 1901 (File 87)

Delay in filling Australian Command due entirely to Australian Government.

Admiralty paper on naval defence of Australia and New Zealand, (7p., printed), June 1902 (File 11)
E.A. Altham (War Office). Colonial troops for Imperial service in War, (9p., printed), 25 November 1901 (File 12)
Sir Edmund Barton to Onslow, 29 July 1902 (File 22)

Inspection by King of Australian Contingent.

Sir Alfred Milner (Johannesburg) to Onslow, 10 September 1902 (File 24)

Land settlement in South Africa; value of Australian and New Zealand experiences.

Onslow to J. Chamberlain, [1902]-12-13 (File 30)

Offer of Governorship of western Australia to Sir Frederick Lugard; Governor of South Australia; South African affairs. (copy)

Onslow to J. Chamberlain, [1902]-12-20 (File 31)

Colonial Office affairs; Governorship of Western Australia.

Papers on Canterbury Acclimatisation Society (Christchurch) and importation of game into New Zealand, (12p.), 1904 (File 4-10)
R. Seddon (Sydney) to Onslow, 9 June 1906 (File 85)

Introduces Dr Chapple of Wellington, interested in flax industry.

J. Chamberlain to Onslow, 4 July 1906 (File 93)

Thanks for material on New Zealand legislation; hopes it will contain suggestions for Party's social programme.

Series 173/24. Papers of Richard Onslow, Lord Cranley, 9 March 1904

1 item

Filmed selectively.

Onslow to Lord Cranley, 9 March 1904 (File 80)

Political affairs; negotiations with France on Newfoundland and New Hebrides; fears there will be great row in Australia over New Hebrides.

Series 173/26. Miscellaneous Papers, 12 November 1888 - 23 January 1905

7 items

Filmed selectively.

Lord Knutsford to Onslow, 18 July [n.y.] (File 48)

Onslow's request for colonial governorship; New Zealand proposes to cut down governors' salaries.

Lord Rosebery to Onslow, 12 November 1888 (File 50)

Congratulations on appointment to New Zealand.

Lord Spencer to Onslow, 23 January 1889 (File 51)

Congratulations on appointment to New Zealand.

Lord Carnarvon to Onslow, 31 January 1889 (File 53)

Best wishes for New Zealand.

Lord Wolseley to Onslow, 22 October 1891 (File 54)

Appointment of Captain. Fox to command New Zealand forces.

A.J. Balfour to Onslow, 22 September 1891 (File 55)

Indifferent to attacks from Antipodes; possibility of capital being diverted from New Zealand.

J. Chamberlain to Onslow, 23 January 1905 (File 72)

Thanks for letter of Lady Onslow which confirms impressions received from Australian officials; A. Lyttelton might be unaware of importance of private correspondence with governors.

Series 173/28. Letters to Lord Onslow, 14 May 1887 - 19 November 1891

7 items

Filmed selectively.

Lord Knutsford to Onslow, 27 September 1888 (File 8)

Offers Governorship of New Zealand; salary.

Lord Knutsford to Onslow, [1891]-10-13 (File 9)

Offers Governorship of Queensland; New Guinea problem; success could lead to Governship of N.S.W. or Victoria.

Sir Michael Hicks-Beach to Onslow, 25 October 1888 (File 11)

Governorship of New Zealand; Onslow's work at Board of Trade; recommends J. Fortescue as private secretary.

Lord Knutsford to Onslow, 1 November 1888 (File 12)

Approval by Queen of appointment.

Sir Henry Holland to Onslow, 14 May 1887 (File 13)

Proposes K.C.M.G. for Onslow for his work for Colonial Conference.

Lord Knutsford to Onslow, [1891]-11-13 (File 14)

Onslow's resignation; excellent work in New Zealand.

Sir Robert Herbert to Onslow, 19 November 1891 (File 15)

Onslow's resignation.

Series 173/46. Journal of Richard Onslow of travels in Europe, Asia, Australasia, 1889 - 1890

1 item

Filmed selectively.

Brief account of visit to Australia and New Zealand, 1889 - 1890 (File f.6-18)

Referring to Adelaide, Sydney, Wellington, Nelson, Milford Sound.

Fonds 1274. Papers of Gammon Family of Guildford, 1922 - 1941

1 item

Series 1274/54. Letters from Arthur and Fred Gammon (Kaikohe, New Zealand) to Harold Gammon (Guildford), 1922 - 1941

The letters, which mostly date from 1928-1933, describe conditions on a soldier's settlement farm, referring to wool sales, stock, bank interest, financial problems, impact of Great Depression, World War II, and general family news. (14 letters)

Fonds LG 1629. Papers of Jacobs Family, 21 October 1908

1 item

Series LG 1629/14. Programme of Guildford Institute, 21 October 1908

Refers to lecture by G.J. Jacobs on Australasian colonies, including description of Guildford, Western Australia. (8p.)

Fonds RB 1228. Papers of Ware Family of Farnham, 1854 - 1 April 1912

7 items

Biographical / Historical

Martin Ware (1818-1902), London lawyer, active member of Ragged School Union, Ragged School Shoe Black Committee, Reformatory and Refuge Union, Bible Society and other philanthropic and religious organizations. His son Martin S. Ware (b. 1872) was Warden of Trinity College, Cambridge, and Director of Religious Education in the Diocese of Winchester.

Series Box 5 Bundle 1. Letters to K. Ware from former boys of Ragged Schools and Shoeblack Society, 1854 - 1 April 1912

7 items

Filmed selectively.

J. Hall (Melbourne) to Ware, 1854 - 1856 (File)

Wages; family news; gratitude for help. (2 letters)

R. Herbert (Kiama, N.S.W.) to Ware, 30 January 1858 (File)

Voyage to Australia; Sydney 'most dangerous place to morals and spiritual well-being'; purchase of property at Kiama; churches.

C. Restieaux (Clutha, Lyttelton) to Ware, 1857 - 1864 (File)

Voyage to New Zealand; family news; financial affairs; churches near Christchurch; life at diggings; wages; work on Evening Mail; introduces friends; marriage; trade depression; losses in fires; Shoeblack Society; Illustrated London News; Maoris. (22 letters)

R. Restieaux (Christchurch) to Ware, 1860 - 1865 (File)

Family news; British ignorance of New Zealand; rents; prices; Lyttelton and countryside; weather; Maori War; plans of returning to England. (4 letters)

J. Haworth (Beechworth) to Ware, 14 October 1859 (File)

Life at Ovens River diggings; family news.

W. Pocktor (Toowoomba) to Ware, [1865] (File)

Voyage to Australia; work at railway works; weather.

Series Box 6. Journal of Reverend Martin S. Ware of a journey to Newfoundland, Canada, California, Fiji, Australia and New Zealand, (typescript), 25 October 1911 - 1 April 1912

1 item

Filmed selectively.

Journal (Extract), 25 October 1911 - 1 April 1912 (File pp.71-170)

The journal describes journeys in Fiji and the people, villages, houses, dances and countryside; life in the Australian bush near Dubbo, including church services, aboriginal camps, kangaroos, and the summer heat; the Blue Mountains; travels in the North Island of New Zealand, fishing, church services, railways, meeting with Sir Joseph Ward; descriptions of Melbourne, Camperdown, Adelaide, Perth; voyage home to England.