National Library of Australia
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The collection includes correspondence, diaries and notebooks, financial papers, newscuttings, photographs, family papers and political papers as well as much of Hughes' published output of books, press articles and speeches. Also included are corrected typescripts of L. F. Fitzhardinge's biography of Hughes.
The date coverage of the collection is uneven, with only a small portion of papers relating to Hughes' activities, 1894-1917. Much of the material is concentrated on the period of the 1930s and 1940s. Although the earliest items date from c.1865, the collection contains almost no 19th century material. The events of a particular year, such as 1921 or 1929 are well documented, while for other key periods like 1915-1917 (encompassing events with which Hughes was intimately associated) the collection is virtually silent.
The political papers include Hughes' time as Prime Minister (1915-1923), as a backbencher (1923-1934 and 1941-1952), as well as his various ministerial positions (1934-1941). There is nothing in the collection relating to his responsibility as Vice-President of the Executive Council and the series covering Industry and Repatriation are quite meagre. Hughes' published output of books, press articles and speeches and forewords to others' works are reasonably well covered.
Available for research.
Copying and publishing of unpublished manuscript material is subject to copyright restrictions. For such material, written permission to publish must be obtained from the copyright holder(s). Copying of unpublished material for research purposes is permissible 50 years after the death of the creator of the material.
Items from this collection should be cited as '[Title or description of manuscript item], Papers of William Morris Hughes, National Library of Australia, MS 1538, [series and item number]'.
The W. M. Hughes Papers were presented to the National Library of Australia by Dame Mary Hughes in 1953. The collection was received in two consignments. One consisted of papers taken from the Perpetual Trustee Company comprising material from Hughes' Lindfield home and from his office rooms at the Commonwealth Offices, Sydney; the other came directly from Lindfield. Lists of the contents of both consignments are held in the Library's Manuscript Branch. With the agreement of the executors and the Library, much of the collection, was for a time, held at the Australian National University by Fitzhardinge. He was permitted sole access to the collection while writing the biography Hughes commissioned in 1951. Fitzhardinge's own papers documenting the writing of the biography are also held by the Library (MS 5400).
The papers transferred to the Library in 1953 are by no means the total collection of Hughes' personal papers, although it is impossible to say what proportion has survived. (see Fitzhardinge, p.936).
In addition to the Hughes Papers the Library holds other manuscript collections (including microfilm copies) which contain letters or other materials relating to Hughes. These materials are described separately in a guide Special collections relating to William Morris Hughes in the National Library of Australia (http://www.nla.gov.au/ms/findaids/1538rm.html).
Pictorial works, photographs, some illuminated addresses and a brief case belonging to Hughes are located in the Pictures Collection. They can be accessed through the Library catalogue.
Prior to their transfer to the Library the papers were held at the Australian National University where they were used by Hughes' biographer, L. F. Fitzhardinge, and his staff. During this time some sorting was undertaken. The original packing lists show the collection was in complete disorder and did not contain evidence of any previous working order. The Library has arranged the papers into 50 series based on physical form, subject, activity or event. The first 11 are groupings of material distinct because of their physical form (e.g. correspondence, diaries) although they should not be regarded as exclusive categories. Series 14 and 15 are devoted to Hughes' earliest years, and, with the exception of Series 26 and possibly 31, Series 16-49 all relate in some way to Hughes' political career. Series 50 contains objects, maps and other items of ephemera and miscellaneous papers which do not naturally fit into the other series.
An alphabetical index (see attached, under 'Related Documentation' tab) has been compiled for all correspondence up to Series 30, File 65. Individual folio items have been numbered up to Series 30, File 65 (with the exception of some papers in Series 6 and 7).
The original finding aid which was prepared in 1978 was revised in 2007.
The life of W. M. Hughes is the subject of numerous books, and Hughes himself published two works of reminiscence. It is therefore not intended to provide here any more than the briefest outline of the major events of his life.
Hughes was born the only child of Welsh parents in London on 25 September 1862 and died in Sydney on 28 October 1952. He was educated in Wales and later at St Stephen's School, Westminster, where he also worked as a pupil teacher. In 1884 he migrated to Queensland, and spent two years mostly in rural occupations before settling in Sydney. Between 1886 and his election in 1894 as the Labor Member for Lang in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly he worked again in a variety of miscellaneous occupations, ran a small bookshop, and worked for the Australian Workers' Union, the Sydney Wharf Labourers' Union, and the Labor Electoral Leagues. In the latter part of the 1890s he worked for the passage of the Early Closing Act and the Old Age Pension Act, and attended the 1900 Interstate Labor Conference as a NSW delegate.
Hughes was elected as the Member for West Sydney in 1901. In 1903 he was admitted to the New South Wales Bar, and in the following year was the Minister for External Affairs in J. C. Watson's Labor Government. In the governments of Watson's replacement, Andrew Fisher, Hughes was Attorney-General, and when Fisher resigned in October 1915 to become High Commissioner in London, Hughes was elected Leader of the Party and Prime Minister. During the next nine years he was at the very centre of national and international affairs. Hughes twice sought through referenda the approval of the electorate for compulsory military service, was expelled from the Labor Party and founded a new one, the National Party, and represented Australia at the Economic Conference of the Allies in 1916, the Imperial Conferences of 1918 and 1921 and the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. Early in 1923 Hughes was forced to resign his leadership of the Nationalists as a condition for Country Party support following the December 1922 election, and spent the next 11 years in Parliament as a backbencher.
In the 1920s Hughes was a constant critic of the Bruce-Page Government, and his eventual open opposition over one particular issue, arbitration, resulted in its destruction in 1929 and three years of Labor rule under J. H. Scullin. Expelled from the National Party, Hughes attempted to create his own party, the Australian Party, but, faced with little success, in 1931 joined a new non-Labor coalition formed around J. A. Lyons called the United Australia Party. During the 1930s and early war years Hughes held various portfolios in the Lyons and Menzies Governments including Health, External Affairs, Navy, and Attorney-General, and was a Member of the Advisory War Council between 1940 and 1945.
Following the defeat of Fadden's budget in September 1941 and Curtin's installation as Prime Minister, Hughes was elected Leader of the United Australia Party over Menzies, and fought the 1943 General Election as Deputy Leader of the Opposition. After this election Hughes stepped down as Leader, and was expelled in April 1944 for refusing a UAP direction to leave the Advisory War Council. The following year he joined the Liberal Party of Australia, and was its representative for North Sydney and later Bradfield until his death in 1952.
During his political career Hughes published several polemical works and many of his writings appeared in the press. For example, in 1910 his series of press articles titled The case for labor was published in book form. Two other works, argued with similar force, were The splendid adventure (1929) and Australia and war today (1935). In the 1940s when his search for a congenial biographer appeared fruitless, he brought out two works of reminiscence, Crusts and crusades (1947) and Policies and potentates (1950).
Hughes married twice. In 1886 or thereabouts he married Elizabeth Cutts and had seven children, six of whom survived him. His second marriage was to Mary Campbell, five years after Elizabeth's death in 1906. They had one child, Helen, who died in London in 1937.
Hughes, William Morris, Australia's Prime Ministers, http://primeministers.naa.gov.au/meetpm.asp?pmId=8.
Hughes, William Morris, Australian Dictionary of Biography Online, http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A090395b.htm.
Browne, F.C. They called him Billy. Sydney : Peter Huston, 1946.
Fitzhardinge, L.F. William Morris Hughes: a political biography. 2 vols. Sydney : Angus & Robertson, 1964, 1977.
Hughes, W.M., Crusts and crusades: tales of bygone days, Sydney : Angus & Robertson, 1947.
Hughes, W. M. Policies and potentates. Sydney : Angus & Robertson, 1950.
Sladen, D. From boundary rider to Prime Minister. London : Hutchinson, 1916.
Sprigg, S.W. W.M. Hughes, the strong man of Australia. London : C. Arthur Pearson, 1916.
Whyte, W. Farmer. William Morris Hughes: his life and times. Sydney : Angus & Robertson, 1957.
The first series is made up of letters and telegrams to Hughes and copies or drafts of some of his replies which do not naturally relate to the subjects, activities or events of the remaining series. They are arranged in date order, with undated letters placed last. Many of the letters are from personal friends of Hughes. There are replies to sympathy letters, welcomes to Hughes upon his return from overseas trips, letters of introduction, invitations, letters of regret following his resignation in 1923, requests for photographs and autographs, copies of invitation acceptances, and applications for positions as secretary. Other letters deal with arrangements for golf, the supply of hearing aid batteries, people's reactions to speeches and broadcasts, requests for money, the forwarding of reports and publications and Hughes' opinion on the abdication in 1936.
The main correspondents are Sir Ronald Anderson, Joynton Smith, Claude McKay, George Payne, Lord Novar, L. S. Amery, Sir John Quick, Sir Atlee Hunt, Sir George Rich, Dame Mary Gilmore, Sir Keith Murdoch, Lindley Walker, C. R. Hall, Sir Philip Game, W. S. Robinson, Pauline Grieve, H. V. Howe, M. Hillary, Sir Charles Jones, Randolf Bedford, Sir Percy Hunter, R. M. Pontey, Percy Deane, and Field-Marshal Birdwood.
Comprises items 1-108.
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Comprises items 970-1098.
Comprises items 1099-1191.
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Comprises items 1308-1399/53.
Comprises items 1399/54-1515.
Comprises items 1516-1681.
Comprises items 1682-1867.
Comprises items 1868-1995.
Comprises items 1996-2109.
Comprises items 2110-2223.
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Comprises items 2457-2591.
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Comprises items 12676-12734.
Hughes' financial papers consist of quite a large body of correspondence, receipts, cheque butts, bank books, income tax forms, company circulars and prospectuses, and lists of donations. The series has been arranged in date order, although in some instances, where accounts and receipts have been clipped together, these have been filed by the date of the initial account. The series ends with a bundle of loose cuttings titled 'Private finance'.
Where appropriate, financial papers have been filed in other series. All accounts addressed to Dame Mary Hughes (regardless of who settled them) are in Series 13. Cheque books used by Hughes during his trips overseas are in the series devoted to them. Some miscellaneous cheque butts and books can also be found in Series 50. Financial correspondence with Amalgamated Wireless of Australia Pty Ltd is in Series 31.
Hughes' financial correspondents include car hire firms, companies of which he was a shareholder, the Taxation Commissioner, business houses, tradesmen, the Public Service Board, municipal councils, publishers, newspapers, assurance companies, the Commonwealth Bank, the Clerk of the House of Representatives, and the Department of the Prime Minister, share-brokers such as Arthur Long, E. L. & C. Baillieu, W. F. Dawson, and Arthur Tilley, and solicitors such as D. R. Hall & Co. and Blake & Riggall.
Comprises items 1-125.
Comprises items 126-234.
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Comprises items 1169-1200.
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Comprises items 1263-1364.
Comprises items 1365-1447.
Comprises items 1448-1607.
Comprises items 1608-1709.
Comprises items 1710-1818.
Comprises items 1819-1881.
Comprises items 1882-1993.
Comprises items 1994-2143.
Comprises items 2144-2295.
Comprises items 2296-2496.
Comprises items 2497-2648.
Comprises items 2649-2762.
Comprises items 2763-2863.
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Comprises items 5760-5808.
Comprises items 5809-5852.
Includes cuttings on the financial market, companies and company profits from the major Australian newspapers. Originally classified as 'Private finance'.
Comprises items 5853-5892.
Comprises items 5893-5929.
Comprises items 5930-6006.
Comprises items 6007-6042.
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Comprises items 6083-6090.
The series consists of letters and telegrams to Hughes congratulating him on his various achievements, copies of some of his replies and of some of his own congratulatory letters and telegrams. There are also lists of people to whom these replies were to be sent. The correspondence covers 1916-1952, and is arranged in date order with undated letters placed last.
Most of the letters and telegrams were received in the 1940s and are birthday greetings and congratulations. The remainder congratulate Hughes on successes at elections, appointments to ministerial office, parliamentary and Empire continuous service records and election to the leadership of the United Australia Party in November 1941. The correspondents are friends, politicians, former staff members, soldiers, organisations, and many others with whom Hughes was associated during his public life.
Comprises items 1-78.
Comprises items 79-99.
Comprises items 100-204.
Comprises items 205-323.
Comprises items 324-364.
Comprises items 365-437.
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Comprises items 571-629.
Comprises items 630-726.
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Comprises items 816-917.
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Comprises items 1012-1047.
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Comprises items 1109-1159.
Comprises items 1160-1305.
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Comprises items 1480-1576.
Comprises items 1577-1656.
Comprises items 1657-1692.
Comprises items 1693-1783.
Comprises items 1784-1897.
Comprises items 1898-1904.
Hughes' diaries cover the years 1916, 1917, 1920, 1922, 1924, 1927-1929 and 1934-1951. They are mainly pocket size and only a few contain any strict diary entries. The rest have reminders, addresses, phone numbers, notes, statistics, cuttings and lists of words. Three of the diaries (1942-1944) are engagement diaries kept by Hughes' secretary, and include such facts as the dates and times of Cabinet and party meetings. Other diaries are in Series 23 (1918), Series 13 (1918, 1921), Series 39 (1941) and Series 40 (1938).
The main group of notebooks although undated, clearly relate to the 1930s and 1940s. They contain handwritten and typed notes, statistics, quotations from books, newspapers and Hansards and appear to have been used in the preparation of articles or speeches. The subjects covered vary greatly but certainly cover the recurring Hughes topics like immigration, the British Empire, Japan, the Curtin and Chifley Governments and communism. Two other notebooks can be roughly dated. One (c.1911-1913) contains an incomplete unidentifiable narrative and the second (1925) contains notes on the seamen's strike, communism in Great Britain, the Australian Labor Party and Australia's population.
Two distinct groups of notebooks and two exercise books containing shorthand exercises which were compiled in the early 1950s complete the series. The former begins with a set of six leather notebooks containing material on such topics as war, defence, conscription, foreign policy, industrial arbitration, welfare and communism. They are followed by a set of notebooks compiled during 1924-1925 relating largely to the British Empire and international affairs, and may have formed the basis of newspaper articles Hughes had published at the time as well as to his book The splendid adventure (Angus & Robertson, 1929). A note accompanying these notebooks indicates that notebooks 1 and 3 (in a sequence of 23) are missing from the series and 3 notebooks are not numbered. Other notebooks are located in Series 14 and Series 48.
Contains notebooks 2 and 4-10 and three notebooks not numbered.
One of the 3 unnumbered notebooks is dated September 1925 which indicates that Hughes continued his sequence of notebooks. It was written after notebook 25 which is in Folder 2.
Comprises items 1-11a.
Contains notebooks 11-23 and 25. Notebook 25 is dated 8 August 1925.
Comprises items 12-23. However at the time of updating this finding aid (2007) item 17 was missing. It is possible that this could be notebook 24 or a mistake was made when the collection was originally allocated item numbers.
Includes notes on the economy; trade; government expenditure and communism.
Comprises items 24-108.
A number of undated notebooks.
Comprises items 109-118.
Bag containing 7 diaries missing since 2001.
Comprises items 119-125.
Includes notes on health insurance; unemployment insurance; money and monetary policy; the Second World War and war statistics.
Also includes two pocket diaries for 1916 and 1917.
Comprises items 126-133.
Date range 1920, 1924, 1927-1929.
Comprises items 134-141.
Comprises items 142-152.
Comprises items 153-160.
Items 161 and 163 are engagement diaries kept by Hughes' secretary.
Comprises items 161-169.
Item 170 is an engagement diary kept by Hughes' secretary.
Comprises items 170-176.
Comprises items 177-187.
Notebook 1: includes notes on defence policy.
Comprises items 188-189.
Notebook 2: includes notes on the rule of law and arbitration.
Comprises item 190.
Notebook 3: includes notes and speeches on Australian industry; wool; sugar; Anzac Day speeches and an election speech (1940).
Comprises items 191-195.
Notebook 4: includes notes and speeches on communism; government and socialism.
Comprises item 196.
Notebook 5: includes notes and speeches on defence; foreign policy and the rule of law.
Comprises item 197.
Includes notes and speeches on defence; armed forces and the situation in New Guinea.
Notebook is not numbered but is similar to previous five items which have leather covers.
Comprises items 198-201.
Text in shorthand.
Comprises item 202.
Comprises item 203.
Includes notes on government expenditure; the war; defence; strikes; taxation and defence.
Comprises items 204-212.
This series contains all of the papers in the collection relating to Hughes' published writing, with the exception of papers on financial matters which are in Series 2. It is divided into two subseries.
The first subseries chiefly pertains to four of Hughes' five books: The case for Labor (1910), The splendid adventure (1929), Crusts and crusades (1947), and Policies and potentates (1950). Papers relating to Australia and wartoday (1935) are in Series 35. There are drafts of each of the four books, correspondence with Hughes' publishers, readers of the books, people seeking autographs for their copies, and cuttings of reviews. The main correspondents are F. W. Waid, Sir Ernest Benn, Gordon Robbins, Sir Keith Murdoch, Brian Penton and Beatrice Davis.
The remainder of the subseries consists of correspondence with newspaper editors about articles by Hughes and with authors requesting Hughes to write forewords to their books, and cuttings of articles by Hughes published in newspapers and magazines. These include The Daily Telegraph, Life, The Sun, and The Sunday Sun, The Pacific, The Sydney Mail, and The Daily Chronicle.
Includes correspondence, notes and typescript drafts.
Comprises items 1-146.
Newscuttings of articles (book chapters) by Hughes from The Daily Telegraph.
Comprises items 147-211.
Newscuttings of articles (book chapters) by Hughes from The Daily Telegraph (1908) and a letter from the newspaper (1910) giving reasons for non-inclusion of a recent contribution.
Comprises items 212-270.
Comprises items 271-370.
Comprises items 371-444.
Comprises items 445-467.
Correspondence and papers relating to the publication of Hughes book; a paper 'Australia and its immigrants' and notes on migration.
Comprises items 468-551.
Corrigenda and notes.
Also includes a notebook (1?) dated 24 July 1928.
Comprises items 552-639.
Comprises items 640-764.
Typescript draft labelled Volume 1.
Comprises items 765-897.
Volume 1: retyped from corrected copy 1 February 1929.
Comprises items 898-1156.
Volume 2: retyped from corrected copy 1 February 1929.
Comprises items 1157-1408.
Volume 3: typescript draft.
Comprises items 1409-1639.
Volume 3: retyped from corrected copy 1 February 1929.
Comprises items 1640-1872.
Comprises items 1873-2103.
Typescript draft of 'British Empire'.
Comprises items 2104-2216.
'British Empire' 1st revision (Chapter II).
Comprises items 2217-2333.
'The Empire' : typescript drafts for opening chapter and sundry.
Also includes notes for chapter.
Comprises items 2334-2527.
Typescript drafts of 'Future of the Empire'.
Comprises items 2528-2767.
Comprises items 2768-2940.
Typescript drafts of 'Heart of the Empire'.
Comprises items 2941-3089.
Typescript draft of 'Inter-empire relations'.
Comprises items 3090-3165.
Typescript drafts of 'Heart of the Empire' (clear copy and rough copy) and two articles from Round Table (1912).
Comprises items 3166-3365.
First folder includes typescript draft of 'Dominions and Empire' and notes on the Canadian system of government.
Second folder includes rough drafts of 'Future of the Empire' and notes on the Indian system of government.
Comprises items 3366-3533.
Typescript drafts of 'Democracy and war' and 'British Empire and the monarchy' and accompanying notes.
Comprises items 3534-3623.
Includes notes on relations amongst British Empire countries and extracts from Round Table articles.
Comprises items 3624-3697.
Various rough typescripts drafts on inter-empire relations and foreign policy.
Comprises items 3698-3846.
Typescript draft of 'Democracy and war' and drafts for section on inter-empire relations.
Comprises items 3847-3934.
Various typescript drafts on empire relations, foreign policy and defence.
Comprises items 3935-4024.
Typescript drafts and manuscript notes on inter-empire relations and foreign policy.
Comprises items 4025-4091.
Typescript drafts on inter-empire relations, foreign policy and the dominions.
Comprises items 4092-4198.
Typescript drafts on trade with varying headings.
Comprises items 4199-4293.
Typescript drafts on trade.
Comprises items 4294-4373.
Typescript drafts of 'Empire trade'.
Comprises items 4374-4523.
Typescript drafts and notes for the 'League of Nations'.
Comprises items 4524-4608.
Typescript drafts and notes on 'Foreign policy' and a draft of Chapter XIV, 'Defence, foreign policy and empire relations'.
Comprises items 4609-4708.
Typescript drafts on 'Foreign policy'.
Comprises items 4709-4858.
Comprises items 4859-5021.
Comprises items 5022-5171.
Comprises items 5172-5308.
Comprises items 5309-5551.
Typescript drafts on 'Migration'.
Comprises items 5552-6141.
Typescript drafts on the 'Imperial Conference' and 'Imperial Cabinet'.
Comprises items 6142-6407.
Typescript drafts on the 'Imperial Conference' and 'The future'.
Comprises items 6408-6490.
Typescript drafts on 'Heart of the Empire'.
Comprises items 6491-6582.
Comprises items 6583-6767.
Typescript drafts on the 'Imperial Conference'.
Comprises items 6768-7001.
Typescript drafts and notes on the 'Imperial Conference' and the 'Imperial Court of Appeal.
Comprises items 7002-7091.
Typescript drafts on the 'Peace Conference'.
Comprises items 7092-7205.
Includes correspondence with publishers and congratulatory letters.
Comprises items 7206-7330.
Comprises items 7331-8066.
Typescript drafts (n.d.) and newscuttings containing book reviews.
Comprises items 8067-8131.
Also includes newscuttings containing reviews of The splendid adventure (1929).
Comprises items 8132-8252.
Comprises items 8253-8510.
Includes correspondence with publishers; congratulatory letters and book reviews.
Comprises items 8511-8526.
Comprises items 8527-9095.
Includes notes and book reviews.
Comprises items 9096-9126.
Includes articles by Hughes.
Volume contains an index.
Comprises item 9127.
Articles by Hughes.
Comprises item 9128.
Correspondence with newspapers and others relating to articles written by Hughes.
Comprises items 9129-9302.
Typescript drafts of articles mainly for newspapers and notes.
Comprises items 9303-9450.
Typescript and manuscript drafts. Includes an article for Reveille (1930) on Australian troops participation in the war effort in 1918 and a response by Monash to Hughes' article.
Comprises items 9451-9528.
Includes typescript and manuscript drafts; proofs for a series of five articles and a copy of an article from The Sunday Sun, 10 September, 1939, titled 'This is why we fight!'.
Comprises items 9529-9589.
Miscellaneous articles by Hughes published in newspapers and magazines.
Comprises items 9590-9645.
Typescript drafts of articles.
Comprises items 9646-9829.
Typed drafts of articles by people other than Hughes make up the second subseries. It includes Warren Denning's 'John Curtin', W. A. Holman's 'Six years of Labor government', R. F. Scholl's 'The hand behind the mask', Colin Roderick's 'The immortal bondage', and part of an untitled work by Sir Bertram Stevens.
Typescript drafts of sections of untitled work.
Comprises items 9830-9992.
Typescript draft of 'Immortal bondage: the story of Mrs Campbell Praed' later published as In mortal bondage : the strange life of Rosa Praed.
Comprises items 9993-10202.
Typescript draft of 'The procession of egos'.
Comprises items 10203-10354.
Typescript drafts of 'The hand behind the mask'.
Comprises items 10355-10715.
Typescript drafts of an essay 'Liberalism in Australia ; an historical sketch of Australian politics down to the year 1915'.
Comprises items 10716-10791.
Photographs, graphs and diagrams to be included in 'Six years of Labor government'.
Photographs include the Holman Cabinet (1913); Neil Neilsen, Member for Yass; members of Andrew Fisher's first wartime conference (1914) and Premiers Holman (NSW) and W. A. Watt (Vic).
Comprises items 10792-10826.
Typescript draft of 'Six years of Labor government' up to chapter 12.
Comprises items 10827-10968.
Typescript draft of 'Six years of Labor government': chapters 13-21.
Comprises items 10969-11051.
Typescript draft of 'Six years of Labor government': chapters 36-42.
Comprises items 11052-11130.
Typescript draft of 'Six years of Labor government': chapters 22-29.
Comprises items 11131-11219.
Comprises items 11220-11283.
Includes an article by Hughes on the 1921 Peace Conference; 'John Curtin' by Warren Denning; a play 'Perfumes and politics : a not unmusical fantasy' by W. H. Meyers and 'A Monroe doctrine for the Pacific : my American tour' by Mrs Preston Stanley Vaughan.
Comprises items 11284-11498.
All of the newscuttings in the collection that do not relate to subject activities or events that form the basis of other series are in Series 6. The majority of the cuttings form subject files, which have been arranged alphabetically. A number of the files were formed by Hughes or his secretaries, and these have been added to and new files created where the presence of loose cuttings warranted.
As well as the subject files there are loose cuttings and single issues of newspapers and magazines, an indexed book of cuttings for the period 1909-1927, cuttings files from 1933 on economic, financial and political matters, albums of cuttings titled 'Economic conditions', 'Monetary system', 'Second Front: 6/6/1944' and some containing a small number of cuttings from the 1934-1935 period. Another series of albums contains extensive coverage of recruitment in early 1939. Also included in one of these are 1945 cuttings on the atomic bomb and the Japanese surrender.
Material not itemised includes cuttings files titled 'Personal', newspaper criticism of Hughes, his 50 year jubilee and comment and speeches by W. M. Hughes (cuttings from Publicity Branch, Prime Minister's Department, 1922-1923).
Comprises items 1-160.
Comprises items 161-180.
Comprises items 181-216.
Comprises items 217-274.
Comprises items 275-292.
Comprises items 293-349.
Comprises items 350-421.
Comprises items 422-442.
Includes cuttings on the Beveridge Plan; the Blain Inquiry; General Blamey and British domestic policy.
Comprises items 443-488.
Includes cuttings on censorship and freedom of speech; centenary celebrations on the Darling Downs, Qld and the Coles secret war cables.
Comprises items 489-520.
Comprises items 521-549.
Comprises items 550-624.
Comprises items 625-683.
Comprises items 684-718.
Comprises items 719-776.
Comprises items 777-860.
Comprises items 861-924.
Comprises items 925-935.
Comprises items 936-998.
Includes cuttings on the economy; Anthony Eden and election of UAP Party leader.
Comprises items 999-1056.
Comprises items 1057-1128.
Comprises items 1129-1137.
Comprises items 1138-1251.
Comprises items 1252-1271.
Comprises items 1272-1386.
Cuttings mainly relating to Hughes' funeral. Some cuttings from earlier years.
Comprises items 1387-1462.
Comprises items 1463-1465.
Comprises items 1466-1541.
Comprises items 1542-1557.
Comprises items 1558-1566.
Comprises items 1567-1575.
Comprises items 1576-1577.
Comprises items 1578-1608.
Comprises items 1609-1635.
Mainly cuttings relating to Hughes.
Comprises items 1636-1680.
Includes cuttings on the war; Evatt and Curtin.
Comprises items 1681-1765.
Includes cuttings on the war; government and politics.
Comprises items 1766-1840.
Includes cuttings on the war; government and politics and unionism.
Comprises items 1841-1914.
Comprises items 1915-1992.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade and economic issues.
Comprises items 1993-2059.
Comprises items 2060-2134.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade and economic issues and defence.
Comprises items 2135-2198.
Includes cuttings on trade; economic development and inter empire relations.
Comprises items 2199-2234.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; economics and comments by General Monash in Reveille on Hughes and troop withdrawal in WWI at the Hindenburg Line.
Cuttings have been indexecd.
Comprises items 2235-2283.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade and economic issues and the Australian Labor Party Victorian Branch Conference.
Also includes articles by Hughes. Cuttings have been indexed.
Comprises items 2284-2361.
Includes cuttings on the war; government and politics and industry.
Comprises items 2362-2399.
Cuttings have been indexed.
Comprises items 2400-2466.
Includes cuttings on the war; government and politics and economic issues.
Comprises items 2467-2543.
Comprises items 2544-2607.
Includes cuttings on the war; government and politics; trade; finance and economic issues.
Comprises items 2608-2672.
Comprises items 2673-2732.
Comprises items 2733-2803.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; finance and economic issues.
Comprises items 2804-2863.
Comprises items 2864-2929.
Comprises items 2930-3023.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade and economic issues and the Australian Labor Party conference.
Comprises items 3024-3067.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; Geneva Convention and dominion protocol and manufacturing industry.
Comprises items 3068-3094.
Comprises items 3095-3153.
Comprises items 3154-3186.
Includes cuttings on the Power Bill; Darlan affair; government and politics and economic issues.
Comprises items 3187-3233.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; national service; atomic energy; trade and economic issues.
Comprises items 3234-3270.
Mainly cuttings on the war including government policy; operational reports; the war effort and war loans.
Comprises items 3271-3332.
Comprises items 3333-3386.
Includes cuttings on foreign policy; United Nations; Indonesia; government and politics and industrial issues.
Comprises items 3387-3413.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; foreign policy; situation in Malaya; trade; finance and economic issues.
Comprises items 3414-3476.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; foreign policy; trade; finance and economic issues.
Comprises items 3477-3518.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; foreign policy; trade; finance;economic issues and Anzac Day.
Comprises items 3519-3581.
Comprises items 3582-3659.
Comprises items 3660-3706.
Comprises items 3707-3770.
Comprises items 3771-3826.
Comprises items 3827-3850.
Includes cuttings on the war; government and politics; trade; finance; economic issues; royalty and the death of King George VI.
Comprises items 3851-3886.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; Eva Peron and numerous miscellaenous topics.
Comprises items 3887-3931.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; economic issues and overseas news items.
Comprises items 3932-3984.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; the war; trade; finance; economic issues and the UK economic crisis (1947).
Comprises items 3985-4032.
Includes cuttings on government and politics and the war.
Comprises items 4033-4083.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; the war; economic issues; foreign policy and the situation in Indonesia and Malaya.
Comprises items 4084-4154.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; financial and economic issues.
Comprises items 4155-4199.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; economic issues and the war.
Comprises items 4200-4232.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; financial and economic issues.
Comprises items 4233-4309.
Comprises items 4310-4360.
Comprises items 4361-4407.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; cold war; foreign policy; industrial and economic issues.
Comprises items 4408-4449.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; strikes; financial and economic issues; cold war; foreign policy; communism and Korea.
Comprises items 4450-4512.
Mainly on events leading up to the war; the war and post-war items.
Comprises items 4513-4554.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; strikes; financial and economic issues; foreign policy and the cold war.
Comprises items 4555-4595.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; strikes; financial and economic issues; cold war; foreign policy and Korea.
Comprises items 4596-4647.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; industrial and economic issues and the cold war.
Comprises items 4648-4668.
Comprises items 4669-4698.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; industrial relations; arbitration and the waterside workers' strike.
Comprises items 4699-4735.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; foreign policy; economic issues; cold war and the waterside workers' strike.
Comprises items 4736-4781.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; foreign policy; economic issues; Royal Family and other overseas items.
Comprises items 4782-4857.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; economic issues; the war; peace process; foreign policy and UNRRA.
Comprises items 4858-4971.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; foreign policy; economic issues and the cold war.
Comprises items 4972-5003.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; foreign policy; economic issues and uranium.
Comprises items 5004-5036.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; foreign policy; economic and defence issues.
Comprises items 5037-5063.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; foreign policy; economic issues and overseas items.
Comprises items 5064-5120.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; foreign policy; finance; economic issues and overseas items.
Comprises items 5121-5182.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; financial policy and the Budget.
Comprises items 5183-5227.
Comprises items 5228-5278.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; foreign policy; finance and economic issues.
Cuttings have been indexed. Also includes copies of indexes for previous two months.
Comprises items 5279-5341.
Comprises items 5342-5449.
Comprises items 5450-5520.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; taxation; finance; economic issues and overseas items.
Comprises items 5521-5583.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; foreign policy; finance; economic issues and overseas items.
Cutitngs have been indexed.
Comprises items 5584-5626.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; financial policy; the Budget and overseas items.
Comprises items 5627-5694.
Comprises items 5695-5748.
Comprises items 5749-5801.
Comprises items 5802-5867.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; foreign policy; trade; finance; economic issues and overseas items.
Comprises items 5868-5917.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; finance; economic issues; overseas items and Hughes 88th birthday.
Comprises items 5918-5970.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; finance and economic issues.
Comprises items 5971-6028.
Comprises items 6029-6087.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; finance; economic issues and overseas items.
Also includes an issue of The Daily Telegraph (2 March, 1891) listing delegates to the Australian Convention.
Comprises items 6088-6120.
Comprises items 6121-6174.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; strikes, unions and industrial relations.
Some cuttings have been indexed.
Comprises items 6175-6235.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; foreign policy; trade; finance; economic issues; overseas items and Korean war.
Comprises items 6236-6334.
Copy of the Christian Science Monitor, 2 April 1949 and Smith's Weekly, 2 July 1949.
Comprises items 6335-6336.
Copy of The Sun (Sydney), 8 May 1926; The Australasian, 15 September 1928 and a loose newscutting dated 22 November 1934.
Comprises items 6337-6338a.
Copy of the Times Literary Supplement, 17 June 1926 and loose cuttings (1943 and 1950).
Comprises items 6339-6340.
Copy of the Times Literary Supplement, 3 June 1926; The Times (Sydney), 18 May 1944; The Express (Sydney), 18 March 1950 and 28 October 1950 and a loose cutting, n.d.
Comprises items 6341-6345.
Cuttings from The Daily Telegraph containing extracts of Churchill's memoirs published in The Grand Alliance.
Comprises item 6346.
Copy of The Daily Telegraph, 14 June 1952; the Sydney Morning Herald, 14 June 1952 and pages from Muster, 5 June 1952.
Comprises items 6347-6349.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; industry; economic issues and Winston Churchill.
Comprises items 6350-6363.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; immigration and economic issues.
Comprises items 6364-6384.
Miscellaneous cuttings and sections of newspapers.
Comprises items 6385-6396.
Issues of The Voice, August 1937, Vol 2: No 1 and 5, Vol 3: No 2, 4, 5-9 and single copies of The Daily Telegraph, 9 February 1938; The Express, 4 March 1950 and The Century, 25 June 1948.
Comprises items 6397-6409.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; economic issues; the war and overseas items.
Also includes a drawing book belonging to Hughes daughter, Lily, containing drawings dated 1907, which has been used as a cuttings book.
Comprises items 6410-6444.
Various pages from newspapers: The Daily Telegraph (1923-1924); Smith's Weekly (1922); Weekly Illustrated (1937) and the Journal of Commerce (1918).
Comprises items 6445-6452.
Various pages from newspapers: The Sun, 9 April 1934; the Los Angeles Times, 1 January 1923 and the Brisbane Courier, 18 October 1924.
Comprises items 6453-6455.
Various pages from newspapers: Daily Mail, 19 December, 1922; Smith's Weekly, 26 August 1922; Evening News, 2 April 1923 and The Daily Telegraph, 28 June 1923.
Comprises items 6456-6459.
Various pages from newspapers; The Daily Telegraph, 28-29 April 1942 and 7 October 1944 and the Sydney Morning Herald, 28-29 April 1942 and 24 September 1943.
Comprises items 6460-6466.
Various pages from newspapers: The Sun, 28 April 1942 and 4 April 1944; Sydney Morning Herald, 6 May 1941, 28 July 1943 and 20 October 1950 and The Daily Telegraph, 2 October 1944.
Comprises items 6467-6472.
Various pages from newspapers: The Sun, 16 August 1923 and 11 March 1942; Sydney Morning Herald, 2 October 1942 and 27 July 1943 and 25 September 1943; The Daily Telegraph, 11 July 1944 and Daily Mirror, 18 March 1942.
Comprises items 6473-6480.
Comprises items 6481-6489.
Comprises items 6490-6514.
Comprises items 6515-6521.
Comprises items 6522-6543.
Comprises items 6544-6573.
Comprises items 6574-6623.
Comprises items 6624-6627.
Comprises items 6628-6676.
Comprises items 6677-6713.
Comprises items 6714-6748.
Comprises items 6749-6794.
Comprises items 6795-6817.
Comprises items 6818-6828.
Comprises items 6829-6970.
Comprises items 6971-7024.
Comprises items 7025-7036.
Mainly cuttings from 1943.
Comprises items 7037-7108.
Comprises items 7109-7111.
Comprises items 7112-7128.
Comprises items 7129-7133.
Copies of The Sun and Daily Mirror for 21 November and the Courier Mail and Telegraph (Brisbane) for the 22 November.
Comprises items 7134-7137.
Copies of the Argus, 21 and 22 November; the Herald, 21 November and The Sun, 21 November 1947.
Comprises items 7138-7141.
Copies of The Daily Telegraph, 22 November; The Age, 22 November and the Sydney Morning Herald, 22 November.
Comprises items 7142-7144.
Comprises items 7145-7152.
Comprises items 7153-7157.
Comprises items 7158-7245.
Comprises items 7246-7310.
Comprises items 7311-7367.
Mainly 1945 cuttings.
Comprises items 7368-7447.
Comprises items 7448-7454.
Comprises items 7455-7498.
Comprises items 7499-7564.
Comprises items 7565-7632.
Comprises items 7633-7636.
Comprises items 7637-7687.
Comprises items 7688-7730.
Mainly 1943 cuttings.
Comprises items 7731-7782.
Comprises items 7783-7786.
Comprises items 7787-7804.
Comprises items 7805-7877.
Comprises items 7878-7926.
Comprises items 7927-7977.
Comprises items 7978-8039.
Comprises items 8040-8070.
Comprises items 8071-8101.
Mainly 1943 cuttings. Includes notes and draft paper on Ward and the 'Brisbane Line'.
Comprises items 8102-8151.
Comprises items 8152-8231.
Miscellaneous cuttings and magazines.
Comprises items 8232-8236.
Miscellaneous cuttings and pages from newspapers.
Comprises items 8237-8283.
Miscellaneous cuttings and newspapers.
Comprises items 8284-8289.
Copy of The Times (London) with American supplement.
Comprises items 8290.
Includes copies of The Daily Telegraph, 28 July 1937; City Press (London), 25 April 1952 and a coronation supplement from the New York Herald, 22 June 1902.
Comprises items 8291-8294.
Comprises items 8295-8303.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; foreign policy and empire relations.
Comprises item 8304.
Includes cuttings on public works; trade; monetary and financial issues.
Mainly 1933 cuttings.
Comprises cutting 8305 and the remainder of the file is not itemised.
Includes cuttings on trade and industry; monetary and financial issues.
Cuttings not itemised.
Includes cuttings on government and politics; trade; industry; economic issues and overseas items.
Includes cuttings on Hughes prepared by the Publicity Branch, Prime Minister's Department, 1922-1923.
Cuttings prepared by the Publicity Branch, Prime Minister's Department, 1922-1923.
Includes a folder of cuttings relating to Hughes' 50 years in Parliament.
Mainly relating to World War II.
Cuttings prepared by the Publicity Branch, Prime Minister's Department, 1922.
Includes cuttings on economic conditions; trade and industry.
Comprises item 8306.
Includes cuttings on the monetary system and gold prices.
Comprises item 8307.
Cuttings on the war in Europe in 1944 and the allied invasion.
Comprises item 8308.
Contains only a small number of cuttings.
Comprises item 8309.
Comprises item 8310.
Comprises items 8311.
Cuttings on 1939 recruitment campaign to increase Commonwealth militia forces and defence policy.
Comprises item 8312.
Also includes cuttings on the atomic bomb and the Japanese surrender.
Comprises item 8313.
Comprises item 8314.
Comprises item 8315.
Comprises item 8316.
Comprises items 8317.
Comprises item 8318.
Includes cuttings on the Japanese surrender as well as the recruitment campaign of 1939.
Also includes two copies of the Sydney Morning Herald, 16 August 1945.
Comprises item 8319.
Comprises item 8320.
Comprises item 8321.
Album entitled 'Defence'. Contains cuttings from pre-war and war period.
Comprises item 8322.
Hughes was well known as an entertaining and at times inspiring speaker and, in addition to many addresses to Parliament and to election rallies, he spoke on a wide variety of subjects to innumerable conventions, dinners, gatherings of various sorts, and ceremonies. A description of the way in which Hughes prepared his talks is given by three of his secretaries, Olga Northam, H. V. Howe, and Morris West, in John Thompson's radio feature A political triptych - panel 3: they worked for Billy Hughes (1962, pp.18-20). The evidence of their preparation (at times equally puzzling) constitutes this series. It consists of a mixture of research notes, statistics, extracts from books, articles and newspapers and drafts and texts. Wherever appropriate, letters discussing speeches, research material and texts of speeches and broadcasts have been placed in other series. Letters inviting Hughes to speak are in Series 1.
Many speeches and broadcasts are on world affairs, especially World War II, but topics like post war development, the Constitution, democracy, the Red Cross, the development of Northern Australia, Welsh culture, and human nature are also covered. Included in a group of Hughes' published talks are Keith Murdoch's ' The day' and after: war speeches of the Rt Hon. W. M. Hughes (Cassell and Co., 1916), broadcasts such as ABC jubilee celebrations (December 1950), and Winston Churchill: warrior-statesman (1941?), and speeches such as Britain has not failed (February 1942) and a Policy for Australia (January 1925).
The final part of the series is made up of speeches - published, typescript, or roneoed - by others. There are many parliamentary deliveries by Curtin and Menzies in particular, and speeches by L. S. Amery, J. Dooley and the Duke of Windsor. Where possible, the material has been arranged in chronological order. There is, however, a large body of material which is undated, or difficult to date precisely. Only a few folios in this series were numbered with the bulk of the papers unnumbered. Some re-arrangement of these folios has occurred and many items are now out of sequence.
Subjects include limitations of the Commonwealth Conciliation and Arbitration Act and an Empire Day speech (c.1917).
Subjects include Australian inventiveness; efficiency; unemployment; the church; world affairs and the League of Nations.
Subjects include labour and capital; Anzac Day and the opening of the new parliament in Canberra, 1927.
Includes text of speeches from Hansard and opening address at Conference of Commonwealth and State Governments, 1929.
Includes second reading speech from Hansard.
Subjects include the depression and the international political situation.
Subjects include the growth of Australian industries; the Dried Fruits Case and Australia in 50 years time.
Subjects include Cessnock Show; Armistice Day; Anzac Day; world affairs and the possibility of war.
Subjects include Anzac Day; Armistice Day and the effect of war on Australia and Britain.
Subjects include freedom of speech; foreign policy and the effect of war on Australia and Britain.
Subjects include Anzac Day; inter-war period and the impending war in Europe.
Subjects include defence; situation in Europe; effect of war on Australia and Britain and foreign policy.
Subjects include Treaty of Versailles.
Subjects include foreign policy; democracy and war and the international situation in early 1939.
Subjects include the international situation in early 1939; the Australian economy and the outbreak of war.
Subjects include the outbreak of war and the death of Joseph Lyons.
Subjects include conscription; the defence of Australia and the war.
Subjects include Anzac Day.
Subjects include international political situation, peace and the impending war.
Subjects include the British Empire; the international political situation and the impending war.
Subjects include the British Empire and the church.
Subjects include the British Empire; democracy, fascism and communism and Australia and world problems.
Subjects include Sir Littleton Groom and the war.
Subjects mainly war related.
Subjects include the war and Sir John Monash.
Subjects include the war; the courage of the British people; Sir John Monash and a review of the war situation by Winston Churchill.
Subjects include the war and Anzac Day.
Subjects include war loans appeal and Atlantic Charter.
Subjects mainly war related and includes Anzac Day and war loans.
Subjects mainly war related. Also includes American Independence Day.
Subjects mainly war related. Also includes Anzac Day speeches.
Subjects include economic trends in the USA; economic statistics and post-war reconstruction.
Subjects include economic trends in the USA; economic statistics; taxation and the war.
Subjects include the war; Anzac Day; end of the war and foreign policy.
Subjects include the war; employment of returned soldiers; Empire Day and Lloyd George.
Subjects include the war; Anzac Day and Armistice Day.
Subjects include post-war problems; Anzac Day; foreign policy and the federal elections.
Subjects include peace; United Nations; world security and Liberal Party policy.
Subjects include the Red Cross and British Empire.
Subjects include Australia day; communism and the Cold War.
Includes miscellaneous speeches from the 1910s-1920s along with material from March-April 1949.
Also includes a printed copy of a speech by Hughes titled U.N.O., Dr Evatt and world peace (January 1949).
Subjects include the federal elections; socialism and government.
Subjects include government policy; economic policy; foreign policy; communism and compulsory military training.
Subjects include peace; economic policy; foreign policy; Russia; communism and the United Nations.
Subjects include employment; women; post-war issues and foreign policy.
Subjects include unionism; New Guinea; engineering and Parliament.
Subjects include the war and post-war reconstruction; the press; Russia and the mandate in New Guinea.
Subjects include the mandate in New Guinea and Winston Churchill.
Various miscellaneous statistics on agricultural commodities, industry, population and wages covering the period 1904-1949.
Subjects include the war; post-war reconstruction; Anzac Day and government and politics.
Subjects include the war; Red Cross; Russia and post-war issues.
Subjects include Parliament and the atom bomb.
Subjects include primary industry and agriculture and foreign policy.
Subjects include the British Empire.
Subjects include post-war problems; peace; Cold War and defence.
Subjects include Anzac Day; arbitration; treaties; Australian industry and the Snowy Mountains Hydro-Electric Power Bill, 1949.
Printed items include a lecture on Eastern competitions: industrial, political and cultural (1936); an address Do the fittest survive? (1935); a speech by Scullin on Distribution of wool profits, motion of censure (1924) from Hansard and a Digest of decisions and announcements and important speeches by the Prime Minister, the Hon John Curtin (1942).
Subjects include communism; compulsory military training and Korea.
Subjects include Jan Christian Smuts and jubilee celebration speech.
Subjects include recognition of Hughes' 55 years in Parliament; Cold War and Korean War.
Mainly material for jubilee celebration events.
Subjects include Commonwealth jubilee celebrations; world affairs; communism and the Cold War.
Subjects include Australia Day; Anzac Day; Red Cross and the death of King George VI.
Subjects include the economy; death of King George VI: profile of Australia; defence and the threat of war.
Subjects include England in the days of Nelson; New Guinea and income tax.
Published copies of various speeches and broadcasts by Hughes and extracts from Hansard.
Typed extracts from published works. Includes poems by A. A. Milne.
Unsorted and undated material.
Unsorted material. Subjects include Newcastle; BHP jubilee and the war.
Unsorted material. Subjects include the Depression and the war.
Speeches arranged by Keith A. Murdoch with an introduction by D. Lloyd George.
Speeches arranged by Keith A. Murdoch with an introduction by D. Lloyd George. This volume is missing its cover.
Includes notes on war debts (WWI) and Australian economic and financial situation.
Unsorted material. Eulogies/addresses prepared following the deaths of Sir Austen Chamberlain, William Holman and General Sir John Monash.
Unsorted material. Subjects include Anzac Day; Armistice Day and the death of Sir Littleton Groom.
Unsorted material. Subjects include the secession of Western Australia.
Uncorrected Hansard proofs.
Includes speeches by Robert Menzies and R. G. Casey.
Includes quotes by Hitler.
Includes speeches by Sir Earle Page and Sir Paul Hasluck.
Includes speeches by Prime Ministers Robert Menzies and John Curtin.
Mainly speeches by Prime Minister Robert Menzies.
Various speeches and quotes.
Includes speeches by Prime Minister John Curtin and Professor D Copeland, Vice-Chancellor, Australian National University.
Includes speeches by Arthur Fadden.
Reprints of speeches and extracts from Hansard.
Hughes received a great many Christmas cards of an official and personal nature. The majority of the cards can be found in this series where they have been arranged in chronological order. Those which include a letter, however, have been filed in Series 1. As well as the cards, this series has some mailing lists for particular years along with some telegrams.
Comprises items 1-32.
Comprises items 33-74.
Comprises items 75-127.
Comprises items 128-171.
Comprises items 172-213.
Comprises items 214-261.
Comprises items 262-323.
Comprises items 324-368.
Comprises items 369-407.
Comprises items 408-468.
Comprises items 469-499.
Comprises items 500-536.
Comprises items 537-567.
Comprises items 568-627.
Comprises items 628-662.
Comprises items 663-706.
Comprises items 707-739.
Includes personal and official mailing lists.
Comprises items 740-842.
This series consists of programs, invitations, visiting cards, name cards, condolence cards, menus and entree cards, and tickets for concerts, balls etc. They refer to the many ceremonies, dinners, receptions, openings, Royal visits and official functions Hughes attended during his long public life.
Christmas cards are in Series 8, and invitations, programs, menus, and assorted cards Hughes received while overseas in 1907, 1916, 1918-1919, 1921, 1924, and 1932 are in other series. Some written invitations and any copies of replies are in Series 1. However, most have been placed at the end of this series.
Comprises items 1-559.
Comprises items 560-581.
Comprises items 582-659.
Comprises items 660-690.
Comprises items 691-735.
Comprises items 736-755.
Comprises items 756-806.
Comprises items 807-834.
Comprises items 835-874.
Comprises items 875-981.
Comprises items 982-1039.
Comprises items 1040-1087.
Comprises items 1088-1136.
Comprises items 1137-1230.
Comprises items 1231-1288.
Comprises items 1289-1344.
Comprises items 1345-1415.
Comprises items 1416-1511.
Includes copies of replies to invitations.
Comprises items 1512-1579.
Comprises items 1580-1644.
Comprises items 1645-1676.
Comprises items 1677-1816.
Most of the photographs in the Hughes papers are in this series. The remainder are in Series 1 (enclosures to some general correspondence), Series 22, Series 23, Series 24, and Series 35 (photographs taken on overseas trips), Series 28 (file on 1917 elections), Series 40 (1938 New Guinea trip), Series 46 (Advisory War Council meeting), and Series 48 (Indonesian and Northern Territory files).
This series contains albums and loose photographs of Hughes, his wives, and children (particularly Helen) and group photographs of a meeting of the Lyons Cabinet, the Novars, the visiting French Mission to Australia, Hughes' visit to Western Australia and Moreton Bay (1922), the sinking of the Emden (1914), and Australian exhibits of the British Empire Exhibition (1924). There are also a number of postcards from overseas countries such as England, France and Gibraltar.
The majority of the photographs in the series are undated and do not contain any caption details. A small number of them have been digitised and can be found in the Library's Pictures Catalogue.
Includes family and official photographs and some travel postcards.
Also includes copies of portraits of Hughes (aged around three-four) and his parents. The originals of these photographs are in Folder 4.
Comprises items 1-105.
Mainly travel postcards from England and Egypt.
Comprises items 106-279.
Includes family and official photographs.
Comprises items 280-362.
Includes a portrait of Hughes aged around four; his parents; portraits of his daughter, Helen as a child and with her father at the Sydney Cricket Ground possibly in the 1930s.
Comprises items 363-377.
Mainly family photographs.
Comprises items 378-401.
Christmas card containing an unidentified child portrait and two postcards of Goulburn, NSW.
Comprises items 402-404a.
Photographs of a visit to Western Australia by Hughes, 18-25th April, 1922.
Comprises item 405.
Album presented to Hughes to remind him of 'a pleasant and happy day in Moreton Bay, 9th June 1922'.
Comprises item 406.
Album titled 'Engineering enterprise in Queensland', presented to Hughes by Walkers Limited, Engineers and Shipbuilders, Maryborough, Qld.
Includes photographs of the construction of the S. S. Echuca and S. S. Echunga.
Comprises item 407.
Album presented to Hughes (Minister for Health and Repatriation) to mark the official opening by him of the Bundanoon A. H. and I. Societies First Annual Show, 20 March 1936.
Comprises item 408.
Album presented to Hughes showing the Australian Section, British Empire Exhibition, Wembley, London, held in April - October 1924.
Comprises item 409.
Souvenir album of Emden photographs presented to Hughes by the Canteen Sergeant of Troopship A41 on 5th November 1917.
Comprises item 410.
Album of photographs of 'Bishop's Knoll Hospital, Xmas 1917'.
Comprises item 410a.
Includes photographs of Hughes visiting his old school in 1916.
Comprises items 411-486.
Includes photographs of the battlefields during World War I.
Comprises items 487-518.
Includes studio portraits of Hughes; the first Legislative Assembly of New South Wales, 1880 and postcards from Gibraltar and Hawaii.
Comprises items 519-582, 609, 611-664.
Includes studio portraits of Hughes taken in Paris in 1919 by A. Langfier (items 583-590); two studio portraits taken in Paris by Henri Manuel, n.d. (items 592 and 593); studio portraits of Hughes and his wife, Helen, taken in London by Vandyk, n.d. (items 593-601); members of the French Mission to Australia, 1918, (item 602); studio portraits of Hughes by Kerry and Co, Sydney, n.d. (items 603 and 604); photograph of a meeting somewhere in Sydney, n.d. (item 605); a Christmas concert at the Hammond Hotel for single unemployed, Sydney, with Hughes being presented with a cake for his wife, December 1935 (item 606) and a portrait of Lord Novar and his wife, Helen, n.d. (item 607).
Comprises items 583-607.
Album titled 'Air views of Melbourne and suburbs' presented to Hughes by R. Graham Carey (pilot) and W. H. Hanson (photographer) of the Melbourne Air Service.
Comprises item 608.
Album titled 'North Sydney Municipal Council Chambers' presented to Hughes by the Mayor, 10 August 1926.
Comprises item 610.
The series comprises mainly books, pamphlets, periodicals, bulletins and roneoed papers. There are 11 boxes (plus one folio item). The subject coverage is broad, but does not include those around which other series are formed. About a third of the series consists of books. Most relates to World War I (David Lloyd George's six volume War memoirs is here), Australian political history, England or Wales. There is also a variety of bulletins, circulars, other miscellaneous printed material and typescripts.
The bulletins and circulars include issues of Canberra Comment, Sane Democracy, Salt, Current Affairs Bulletin, The Palm, Graya Medical Journal of Australia, Ex-Nx, Things I Hear, London Tidings, Australian Business Conditions, Practical Patriot and Canberra Letter. Other printed material includes press releases issued by both government departments and interest groups, parliamentary papers, annual reports of clubs and associations such as the Returned Sailors Soldiers and Airmen's Imperial League of Australia, British Empire League circulars, and the Department of Information's weekly review of incoming short-wave news broadcasts. The latter, as well as bulletins issued by the United States Office of War Information, the Army activities bulletins of the Australian Military Forces and the Department of External Affairs political intelligence bulletins, are examples of the large amount of World War II material in the series.
The typescripts include reports by individuals seeking Hughes' support for various projects, such as Alfred Fry's 'Reconstruction of Australia' (May 1933) and H.C. Mallard's 'Geological report...' (1926).
Hughes married twice. In 1886, or thereabouts, he married Elizabeth Cutts of Sydney (thus like Andrew Fisher marrying his landlady's daughter). There were seven children: Arthur, Ethel, Lily, Dolly, Ernest, Charles, and a son who died in infancy. Elizabeth Hughes died in 1906. The second marriage, in June 1911, was to Mary Campbell, and there was a daughter, Helen, born in 1915.
The family papers consist almost entirely of correspondence arranged chronologically, the bulk being letters to Hughes from his second wife, his children, and nephews, nieces and grandchildren. There is only one letter from Mrs Elizabeth Hughes. Letters to Hughes from his wife and children written while he was overseas in 1918, 1919, 1921 and 1924 can be found in Series 23-26 and all letters to Dame Mary Hughes are in Series 13. The letters from the children, mainly Charles and Helen, are full of family news and many refer to financial problems. Birthday greetings from the children are also filed here. There is also correspondence between Hughes and the Commonwealth Bank, C. S. Daley and Sir John Butters regarding a tender his son Ernest sought from the Federal Capital Commission in 1929, letters and telegrams of sympathy following Helen's death in London in 1937 and following a grandson's death in 1940, and letters from solicitors about the children of Hughes' first marriage.
A group of miscellaneous papers follows. It includes Helen's birth certificate, some cuttings on her social activities and some of her school reports, Elizabeth Hughes' death certificate, a draft document in which Hughes makes provision for his three eldest daughters (1925), one of Lily Hughes' school exercise books (1900), a copy of Hughes' birth certificate and will (1930), and some certificates (1875-1877) relating to his attendance at St Stephen's School, Westminster.
Includes a letter from Hughes' son, Bill, discussing conscription and the war (1917); certificates relating to Hughes attendance at St Stephen's School, Westminster (1875-1877); a school exercise book belonging to his daughter, Lily (1900) and an extract of Elizabeth Hughes' death certificate (1906) provided in 1958.
Comprises items 1-33.
Includes letters to Hughes from his children and a draft deed (1925) making provisions for Hughes' three eldest daughters.
Comprises items 34-101.
Mainly letters to Hughes from his children.
Comprises items 102-154.
Comprises items 155-227.
Includes letters from Hughes' children; school reports for Helen Hughes (1929-1930) and a will written by Hughes in 1930.
Comprises items 228-270.
Comprises items 271-346.
Telegrams of condolence received by Hughes on the death of his daughter, Helen.
Comprises items 347-550.
Comprises items 551-747.
Includes letters from Hughes' children and letters of condolence received by Hughes on the death of his daughter, Helen.
Comprises items 748-824.
Mainly letters of condolence received by Hughes on the death of his daughter, Helen.
Comprises items 825-880.
Includes correspondence, cards and newscuttings relating to the death of Hughes' daughter, Helen.
Comprises items 881-914.
Lists of names of individuals and organisations who forwarded condolence messages to the Hughes family on the death of their daughter, Helen.
Comprises items 915-1042.
Comprises items 1043-1104.
Mainly letters to Hughes from his children, nieces and nephews and grandchildren.
Comprises items 1105-1186.
Comprises items 1187-1289.
Comprises items 1290-1345.
Letters from Helen Hughes to her father.
Comprises items 1346-1408.
Comprises items 1409-1472.
Mainly letters and cards to Hughes from his children, nieces and nephews and wife.
Comprises items 1473-1559.
Mary Campbell married Hughes in Melbourne in June 1911. She was the second daughter of grazier Thomas Campbell of Burrangong. In marrying Hughes, according to Fitzhardinge, she provided for him for the rest of his life 'the perfect domestic background'. She accompanied him on his several trips overseas, and in 1922 was created a Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire (GBE) for her charity work during the war. She died in Sydney in 1958.
The bulk of the series consists of letters she received while in Britain in 1918-1919 and 1921, in the USA in 1924, and in England in 1932; congratulations upon the award of her GBE in 1922; correspondence on the Regimental Flag Scheme conducted by Mrs Hughes and the wives of the High Commissioner and the States' Agents General in London in 1918; correspondence concerning groups such as the Rachel Forster Hospital for Women and Children and the Lindfield Women's Service League; Christmas greetings; some financial correspondence and sympathy letters following her husband's death in October 1952. The main correspondents are her husband, Lady Janette Birdwood, Lady Molly Northcliffe, Lady Alice Northcote, Ellis Rowan, Arthur Streeton, Lady Helen Munro-Ferguson, Mary Lyell, Mrs Florence Avery, Sir Ronald Anderson, Evelyn Grant, Mrs J. Wemyss Syme, Lady Enid de Chair, Mary Grant and Christabel Pankhurst.
The remainder of the series is made up of household invoices and receipts, bank statements, telegrams, miscellaneous newscuttings and invitations, three diaries (1918, 1921) and four ladies' passes to the Sydney Cricket Ground.
Includes a bank passbook (1917); a bank statement for 1914-1917 and a pocket diary (1918) used mainly for appointments.
Comprises items 1-29.
Includes a diary for 1918 containing addresses and a small number of daily entries.
Comprises items 30-57.
Includes a diary for 1921 containing addresses, appointments and notes.
Comprises items 58-138.
Comprises items 139-195.
Comprises items 196-276.
Comprises items 277-320.
Includes two ladies' passes to the Sydney Cricket Ground, 1935-1936.
Comprises items 321-344.
Includes notes for a talk titled 'Irrigation for the Central West' and a lady's pass to the Sydney Cricket Ground, 1940-1941.
Comprises items 345-495.
Includes a lady's pass to the Sydney Cricket Ground, 1940-1941.
Comprises items 496-574.
Comprises items 575-630.
Comprises items 631-717.
Comprises items 718-827.
Letters of condolence.
Comprises items 828-883.
Comprises items 884-952.
Telegrams of condolence.
Comprises items 953-1137.
Letters and telegrams of condolence.
Comprises items 1138-1237.
Comprises items 1238-1294.
Comprises items 1295-1372.
Comprises items 1373-1423.
Comprises items 1424-1474.
Comprises items 1475-1520.
Comprises items 1521-1580.
Comprises items 1581-1622.
Mainly letters of condolence.
Comprises items 1623-1643.
Comprises items 1644-1693.
Includes some sympathy cards and miscellaneous correspondence from a much earlier period.
Comprises items 1694-1740.
Includes a certificate of appointment to the position of Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire and miscellaneous correspondence and printed material relating to this award.
Comprises items 1741-1752.
Mainly invoices and receipts.
Comprises items 1753-1894.
Material relating to a Regimental Flag Scheme for Australian battalions proposed by C. E. W. Bean during the First World War.
Comprises items 1895-1958.
Includes correspondence and notes relating to the Regimental Flag Scheme arranged by states: Victoria, South Australia and Tasmania.
Notes include a diagram of the unit flags and colour samples of materials.
Comprises items 1959-2005.
Includes correspondence and notes relating to the Regimental Flag Scheme arranged by states: New South Wales, Queensland and Western Australia.
Comprises items 2006-2052.
Includes correspondence relating to the Regimental Flag Scheme.
Comprises items 2053-2111.
Comprises items 2112-2193.
Includes correspondence, notes and prose on religion and Christian Science.
Comprises items 2194-2312.
At the close of the nineteenth century Hughes began to read for the New South Wales Bar. He passed his exams convincingly and was admitted to the Bar in November 1903. He had received coaching from J. B. Peden and T. R. Bavin, a law graduate and university medallist from the University of Sydney.
There are ten notebooks in the series. Seven contain Hughes' notes from his reading and preparation for the Bar exams, and four are dated (1901, 1902). The other three are in Bavin's hand and similarly contain research notes. They are dated 1894 and 1896.
Notebook belonging to Bavin.
Comprises item 1.
Comprises item 2.
Comprises item 3.
Comprises item 4.
Comprises item 5.
Comprises item 6.
Comprises item 7.
Comprises item 8.
Comprises item 9.
Comprises item 10.
In his early parliamentary career, Hughes represented the Lang Division in the New South Wales Parliament from 1894 to Federation, and in federal politics was Minister for External Affairs in the Watson Government (1904) and Attorney-General in the three governments of Andrew Fisher (1908-1909, 1910-1913, 1914-1915). In the years before his Prime Ministership Hughes was also chairman of several commissions and one of Australia's representatives at the 1907 Imperial Conference on Navigation. Hughes was also associated with several Sydney transport and waterfront unions, and was founding president of the Waterside Workers Federation.
Unfortunately the collection covers only a small portion of the events and activities with which Hughes was associated between 1894 and 1915. With the exception of a small group of papers on the 1913 General Election (in Series 28), political and union material from the period is in Series 15. It begins with a group of letters covering subjects such as the 1907 Imperial Conference on Navigation, the 1909 coal strikes, defence, land taxes, the uniform railway gauge, the International Congress on Labour Legislation (1912), the prosecution of the Coal Vend (1913), the Royal Commission on the Sugar Industry (1911), the 1911 Imperial Conference, wire telegraphy, the coal combine (1912), tables of statistics on tax payers and land values, and the appointment of A. B. Piddington to the High Court. The main correspondents are Lord Dudley, Lord Denman, Justice Higgins, Andrew Fisher, E. L. Batchelor, G. A. McKay, Jethro Brown, J. H. Gordon, B. R. Wise, Sir John Gordon, Charles Powers, A. B. Piddington, and R. R. Garran.
The remainder of the series consists of miscellaneous papers, newscuttings and printed material. It includes information on the Postmaster-General's Department, New South Wales parliamentary papers (1894-1900), some legal briefs and agreements involving the Trolley Draymen's and Carters' Union of Sydney and Suburbs and the Sydney Wharf Labourers Union, a paper by Chas Wickens on old age pensions, newscuttings on the Coal Vend, the 1913 referendum and the sugar industry, and printed items on meetings of the Committee on Imperial Defence (1911), Sir Reginald Henderson's recommendations on the Australian Navy (1911) and a printed Cabinet Minute on the political situation in May 1909. Some Letters Patent and illuminated addresses are also included.
Comprises items 1-35.
Includes a copy of a bill 'To make provision for giving effect to the rules and principles declared by the 'Elementary law of Queensland'' (1890).
Comprises items 36-85.
Comprises items 86-172.
Comprises items 173-258.
Includes reports from the Postmaster-General's Department on automatic telephone switching mechanisms and systems.
Comprises items 259-364.
Includes memorandum on the effects of land tax.
Comprises items 365-432.
Includes a copy of evidence to be given by George Alexander Mackay, Federal Commissioner of Land Tax, to the Dominions Royal Commission, Melbourne, 19 April 1913.
Comprises items 433-510.
Includes printed registers of bills originating in the NSW Legislative Assembly 1894-1900 and speeches by Hughes on the Immigration Restriction Bill and Act, 1901-1902.
Comprises items 511-577.
Includes extracts of speeches from Hansard on industrial issues and miscellaneous legal affidavits and agreements.
Comprises items 578-600.
Includes a copy of a speech 'Compulsory military training from the point of view of an Australian Labor leader', delivered by Hughes at Caxton Hall, Westminster, on 24 April, 1907.
Also includes extracts from Hansard of some of Hughes speeches; parliamentary memorandum; a Cabinet minute [May 1909] advising a dissolution of Parliament and a certificate appointing Hughes as Australian representative to a conference on shipping in London, commencing 26 March, 1907.
Comprises items 601-644.
Includes minutes of meetings (111-113) of the Committee of Imperial Defence, 26-30 May, 1911; recommendations by Admiral Sir Reginald Henderson on the Naval Forces of the Commonwealth, 1911, and a memorandum 'Sea training and the Empire' adopted by the Executive of the Navy League, 2 February, 1911.
Comprises items 645-699.
Includes proposed changes to the Constitution in the 1912 and 1915 referenda; notes on service improvements in the Postmaster-General's Department, 1911-1913, and a paper by Charles H. Wickens on 'National old age pensions'.
Comprises items 700-760.
Includes cuttings on the 1910 Anti-Trust Act and the Vend case and articles against the 1913 referenda proposals.
Comprises items 761-824.
Cuttings mainly relating to Hughes' political career.
Comprises items 825-879.
Extracts from the daily newspapers on political parties and policy.
Comprises items 880-929.
Subjects include politics and government; the Bellinger case and unionism.
Comprises items 930-989.
Includes cuttings on Hughes and miscellaneous copies of the Waterside Workers' Gazette 1907-1914.
Comprises items 990-1032.
Includes articles on the 1913 referenda; NSW Liberal Party leader, C. G. Wade and his election campaign.
Comprises items 1033-1072.
Includes reprints of speeches by Deakin, Hughes and Pearce from Hansard; a copy of 'Official report of the 6th Commonwealth Conference of the Australian Labor Party', 31 May 1913 and a printed copy of an address by Hughes on compulsory military training (also listed in Folder 10).
Also includes a small diary and almanac (1909) containing limited appointments; two pamphlets on decisions made by the Canadian Parliament on a Canadian Naval Service (1913) and a menu for a luncheon for the premiers of the self-governing colonies in Westminster Hall, 24 April, 1907.
Comprises items 1073-1100.
Includes miscellaneous speeches by Hughes from Hansard ; a copy of Amendment of constitution: federal referendums: for and against (1913) and land value maps for the City of New York, Borough of Manhattan (1910).
Comprises items 1101-1111.
Includes a special issue of Punch titled 'The career of the colonial premiers' (1987).
Comprises items 1112-1124.
Three books/albums containing cuttings on government and politics; tariffs; trade; finance; shipping and other strikes.
Comprises items 1125-1127.
NB. Item 1128 is missing or the number was skipped when the collection was itemised.
Comprises items 1129-1130.
Comprises item 1131.
Comprises item 1132.
Comprises item 1133.
Illuminated address presented to Hughes by the Early Closing Association of New South Wales for his assistance in the passage of the Early Closing Act.
Comprises item 1134 [Previously held in Series 16: item 4978c].
Although unfortunately not the largest part of the Hughes Papers, the material in Series 16 to 25 constitutes some of the most important as it refers to the period when Hughes was Prime Minister and Australia's chief representative at the Versailles Peace Conference and several important Imperial Conferences.
The papers in Series 16 cover the years 1915-1923 in a general way, and have been divided into two main subseries: domestic policy and administration, and international relations. A third subseries contains illuminated addresses, Letters Patent and miscellaneous material relating to this period. Other related series concern specific policy areas (Series 17-21) and Hughes' three overseas trips as Prime Minister (Series 22-25).
This subseries has been subdivided by form. It begins with correspondence, arranged in date order, and, with the exception of one or two drafts of replies, consists of letters, telegrams and memoranda to Hughes. Correspondents refer to such things as W. A. Watt's trip to London in 1920 and subsequent resignation in June, the Uniform Railway Gauge Commission, the Holman Government, the visit of the Prince of Wales in 1920, Sir Samuel Griffith's successor as Chief Justice of the High Court, the Commonwealth Oil Refineries Ltd and the Anglo Persian Oil Company Ltd, Australia's population, the administration of Papua, the development of Northern Australia, the procedure for calling meetings of the Executive Council, the implications of the 1922 election results, and negotiations with the Country Party early in 1923.
The subseries includes many of the 'Personal and confidential' letters to Hughes from the two Governors-General of the period, Sir Ronald Munro-Ferguson (later Viscount Novar), and Lord Forster. The majority are from the former, and reveal the extent to which the man interested himself in the policies and day-to-day administration of the Hughes Government. Some of the other correspondents are S. M. Bruce, Earle Page, J. H. Carruthers, Littleton Groom, J. C. Watson, John Thompson, Sir George Knibbs, George Pearce, W. G. Higgs, W. Massey-Green, the Prince of Wales, Dr J. A. Gilruth, W. A. Watt, J. H. P. Murray, Sir Robert Garran, Patrick McMahon Glynn, William Webster, W. Warren Kerr, Andrew Barton, Sir Adrian Knox, and Lord Forrest.
The second grouping within this subseries consists of handwritten notes of cabinet meetings, 1917-1918 and 1920-1922. They record those who attended and Cabinet decisions, and several have typed copies of submissions attached. The notes appear not to be a complete record of entire meetings and are certainly not a complete coverage of all of the meetings held while Hughes was Prime Minister. Many are in his own hand, and others can be identified as the work of Hector Lamond, Senator E. D. Millen, and Arthur S. Rodgers.
A group of miscellaneous papers, printed items, documents and cuttings completes the subseries. There are notes for speeches on Frank Tudor, the Brisbane Conference of the Australian Labor Party (1922) and the One Big Union, and other papers on Oswald T. Ermonde, the Nitrogen Products and Carbide Company Ltd, forestry, the Postmaster-General's Department, agricultural implements, the uniform railway gauge, the deportation of Father Jerger, a deputation from the Returned Soldiers' Association, and the 1919 referendum. The printed material includes a cypher book (1916), parliamentary papers on W. A. Watt's resignation (1920), and on the Premiers' Conference (Nov. 1915), copies of Britannia and J. G. Richert's 'The subterranean waters of Australia' (1916).
Comprises items 1-45.
Comprises items 46-127.
Comprises items 128-188.
Includes a copy of report titled 'Visit to London of the Rt Hon. W. A. Watt, PC, MP, and resignation of his position as Treasurer of the Commonwealth' (1920).
Comprises items 189-274.
Comprises items 275-331.
Includes a preliminary report and sketch map on geological surveys by the Anglo-Persian Oil Co. Ltd in ex-German New Guinea, 21 March-21 September 1921.
Comprises items 332-434.
Includes a report on the operations of the Commonwealth Oil Refineries Ltd and financial estimates.
Comprises items 435-547.
Comprises items 548-611.
Comprises items 612-674.
Comprises items 675-725.
Comprises items 726-908.
Comprises items 909-1030.
Comprises items 1031-1089.
Comprises items 1090-1151.
Includes a copy of 'The Subterranean waters of Australia', by J. Gust Richert, (1916); a pamphlet with cover title Amendment of Constitution: Federal referendums: the case for and against, (1915) and a proof copy of 'Summary of proceedings, Premier's Conference, Melbourne, November 1915'.
Also includes a letter of appreciation presented to Hughes during a visit to South Africa on behalf of the Australian and New Zealanders resident in Bloemfontein, n.d.
Comprises items 1152-1160.
Copy of Cypher "A", compiled by Major G. Steward, Official Secretary to the Governor-General and Secretary to the Federal Executive Council.
Comprises item 1161.
Includes various reports prepared for the Nitrogen Products and Carbide Co. Ltd relating to carbide and cyanamide works and carbonisation schemes.
Also includes an issue of Britannia, 9 April 1917; an Australian Red Cross Society Monthly Leaflet, February 1917; a pamphlet American Labor's position in peace or war (March 1917) and miscellaneous parliamentary papers (1917-1918).
Comprises items 1162-1207.
Includes newscuttings on the resignation of Treasurer W. Watt from the Hughes Cabinet; notes and newscuttings on amendments to the Constitution and a deputation from the Returned Soldiers' Association (1919).
Printed material includes a Union of South Africa report Cost of Living Commission: profits report (1919) and a pamphlet Nationalists' speaker's handbook No III: the reasons for the referendum (1919).
Comprises items 1208-1301.
Includes notes and cuttings on various Australian Labor Party conferences including the Brisbane Conference and the One Big Union.
Also includes a certificate for the conferring of the Grand Cordon of the Belgian Order of the Crown on Hughes and a copy of Review of the Australian administration in Papua from 1907 to 1920 (n.d.).
Comprises items 1302-1382.
Includes cuttings on Hughes visit to England and Europe in 1921 to attend the Imperial Conference.
Comprises items 1383-1446.
Comprises items 1447-1477.
Mainly undated and untitled notes and speeches.
Printed items include Proposal to found an Imperial Bank of Industry (1917) and Notes upon the proposed Imperial Bank of Industry (1917).
Comprises items 1478-1553.
Mainly undated notes. Subjects include the Postmaster Generals' Department; forestry and the River Murray.
Also includes reports on the cases of Father Charles Jerger and Doctor Eugene Hirschfeld, both German internees during the First World War.
Comprises items 1554-1641.
This subseries is devoted to international relations, particularly imperial relations, and is arranged as follows: correspondence and cables; subject files; reports and British Cabinet papers; newscuttings and printed material; and petition.
The correspondence and cables subgrouping contains, in date order, letters and cables Hughes received, mostly from London, while in Australia. Correspondents refer to the war situation, proposals and arrangements for imperial conferences, the Chanak crisis of October 1922, the Imperial Wire Chain, the Hague Conference of June 1922, the Washington Disarmament Conference of December 1921, recommendations for British honours, the Lausanne Conference of 1922, and the sale of such products as copper, wolfram, tungsten, whole oil, and glycerine to Great Britain. Most of the cables are copies of decyphered communications Hughes received, often with a covering note, through the Governor-General or his Secretary, or from the Secretary of State for the Colonies, Walter Long. Other correspondents are Sir Ronald Munro-Ferguson, Sir Joseph Cook, George Pearce, M. Clemenceau, Ben Morgan, W. S. Robinson, Mark Sheldon, Malcolm Shepherd, Andrew Fisher, Keith Murdoch and G. J. Hogben. The subject files subgrouping includes other cables, letters, reports and British cabinet papers on aspects of international relations.
The reports and British Cabinet papers subgrouping includes most of the copies of reports, memoranda and Foreign Office Confidential Prints presented to the British Cabinet and sent to Hughes as a Dominion Prime Minister are filed here. Those sent while Hughes was in England or France in 1918-1919, and 1921 are in the appropriate series. Roneoed copies of reports of the Political Intelligence Department of the Foreign Office, and records of the proceedings of the 1917 Imperial War Conference and March-May 1917 meetings of the British War Cabinet are here also. The conferences covered by this section of the subseries are the International Financial Conference, Brussels (October 1920), the Air Navigation Conference (October 1919), the International Economic Conference, Genoa (May 1922), and the Conference on the Limitation of Armaments, Washington (1921-1922). The newscuttings and printed material subgrouping consists mainly of cuttings on international affairs from British newspapers sent to Hughes from the High Commissioner in London. The petition subgrouping includes an illuminated address and three large rolls of signatures of British women placed beneath the petition 'Women's Memorial to the Rt Hon. W. M. Hughes Prime Minister of Australia urging his immediate return to London, that he may share in the management of the War, as a member of the inner and supreme War Council of the Empire' (October 1916).
Comprises items 1642-1666.
Comprises items 1667-1744.
Comprises items 1745-1875.
Comprises items 1876-1981.
Comprises items 1982-2121.
Comprises items 2122-2245.
Comprises items 2246-2277.
Comprises items 2278-2360.
Comprises items 2361-2437.
Comprises items 2438-2551.
Comprises items 2552-2577.
Comprises items 2578-2637.
Papers include British Foreign Office Confidential Prints and reports of the Commercial Attaché at the British Embassy in Tokyo on the Japanese iron and steel industry, two minutes to Hughes by E. L. Piesse of the Pacific Branch of the Prime Minister's Department, and a long paper from the Secretary of State for the Colonies on the 'Organisation of the Japanese Secret Service in China and the Far East' (1922). There is additional material on Japan in subseries 1 of Series 23.
Comprises items 2638-2725.
These files of post Peace Conference papers on reparations comprise British Cabinet memoranda, statistics and copies of cables from the Secretary of State for the Colonies on the occupation of the Ruhr, the activities of the Reparations Commission, and the Spa Conference (1920). There is also a long undated and unsigned paper on reparations titled 'Australia's claim for an indemnity' (1920), containing figures on Australian exports and imports.
Comprises items 2726-2948.
The letters, reports, notes and cuttings in these files concern the British Empire and Commonwealth and State settlement/immigration schemes, the immigration of British women to Australia, and the Million Farmers Objective. L. S. Amery, Sir Ronald Munro-Ferguson, H. S. Gullett, Percy Hunter and Sir Ronald Anderson are the main correspondents. The file also has some examples of language tests used by Australian immigration officials.
Comprises items 2949-3100.
This subject file contains a copy of a letter from Lord Chelmsford to Sir Ronald Munro-Ferguson (April 1920), 'Weekly intelligence summaries' issued by the Indian General Staff, 'Weekly reports' of the Director, Central Intelligence, Simla, and some extracts from Indian newspapers.
Comprises items 3101-3123.
The League of Nations subject files (Folders 42-46) include copies of papers on the League of Nations presented to the British Cabinet and reports of the Permanent Mandates Commission, the British Empire Delegation and the Australian Delegation to the Third Assembly (November 1922). In addition, there are some papers on the Nauru Island Agreement (1919-20).
Comprises items 3124-3239.
Comprises items 3240-3331.
Comprises items 3332-3455.
Comprises items 3456-3558.
Comprises items 3559-3570.
Minutes of meetings 1-14 of the Imperial War Cabinet, 20 March - 2 May, 1917 (2 copies).
Comprises items 3571-3572.
Copy of Imperial War Conference 1917: minutes of proceedings and papers laid before the conference (other than those published in Cd 85660).
Comprises item 3573.
Includes various reports prepared for the War Cabinet and proceedings of the Imperial War Conference, 1917.
Comprises items 3574-3662.
Includes various reports prepared for the War Cabinet and a 'Monthly report on foreign affairs, July 1918'.
Also includes a copy of Extracts from certain peace statements made since January 1917, prepared by the War Office.
Comprises items 3663-3723
Includes War Office and Foreign Office reports on the situation in Europe.
Also includes a copy of Report on the British military mission, South Russia, (1919).
Comprises items 3724-3774
Includes various documents relating to the Peace Conference and Peace Treaty.
Comprises items 3775-3845.
Includes papers relating to the Air Navigation Convention and the Commission of Enquiry on Freedom of Communications and Transit.
Comprises items 3846-3869.
Includes situation reports on Germany, Egypt, the Sudan and South Russia.
Comprises items 3870-3893.
Includes War Office and Foreign Office reports on the Peace Treaty and the situation in Europe.
Also includes a report on the International Finance Conference held in Brussels, September-October 1920.
Comprises items 3894-3982.
Includes various country situation reports.
Comprises items 3983-4046.
Also includes reports on the Washington Conference on the Limitation of Armament, November 1921-February 1922.
Comprises items 4047-4115.
Comprises items 4116-4204.
Also includes reports on the Washington Conference on the Limitation of Armament, November 1921-February 1922 and the International Economic Conference, Genoa, May 1922.
Comprises items 4205-4275.
Includes country situation reports on Iraq and Turkey.
Comprises items 4276-4327.
Includes country situation reports on Turkey.
Also includes a copy of Provisional verbatim record of the third plenary session of the International Economic Conference of Genoa, May 19, 1922.
Comprises items 4328-4373.
Comprises items 4374-4420.
Comprises items 4421-4482.
Comprises items 4483-4526.
Comprises items 4527-4573.
Comprises items 4574-4602.
Comprises items 4603-4634.
Lists of cabinet papers and Foreign Office prints sent to the Prime Minister of Australia (mainly 1922).
Comprises items 4635-4672.
Includes cuttings (April 1922) on international affairs and war reparations.
Includes a copy of Conference on the Limitation of Armament held at Washington, D.C., United States of America from 12th November 1921 to 6th February 1922: report of the Australian delegate, Senator the Right Hon. George Foster Pearce (1922).
Comprises items 4673-4726.
Includes cuttings on international affairs and the British Empire.
Comprises items 4727-4778.
Includes cuttings on international affairs and economic conditions.
Comprises items 4779-4842.
Comprises items 4843-4906.
Includes cuttings on international affairs; economic conditions and the Empire. A small number of cuttings are undated.
Comprises items 4907-4959.
Petition entitled 'Women's Memorial to the Rt. Hon. W. M. Hughes, Prime Minister of Australia, urging his immediate return to London, that he may share in the management of the War, as a member of the inner and supreme War Council of the Empire' and accompanying signatures.
Comprises item 4960.
Large roll of signatures accompanying the petition listed above.
Comprises item 4961.
Petition entitled 'Women's Memorial to the Rt Hon. W. M. Hughes, Prime Minister of Australia, urging his immediate return to London, that he may share in the management of the War, as a member of the inner and supreme War Council of the Empire' and accompanying signatures.
Comprises items 4962-4963.
Comprises items 4964-4965.
Illuminated address presented to Hughes in 1916. It reads: 'Women's Memorial to the Rt Hon. W. M. Hughes, Prime Minister of Australia, urging his immediate return to London, that he may share in the management of the War, as a member of the inner and supreme War Council of the Empire' and accompanying signatures.
Comprises item 4979.
This subseries consists of Letters Patent appointing Hughes to various ministerial portfolios and illuminated addresses presented to Hughes by various organisations on his return from the Peace Conference in 1919. Most of the addresses acknowledge his efforts during World War I and at the Peace Conference. Some miscellaneous souvenir material completes the subseries.
Illuminated address and accompanying signatures presented to Hughes by a group representing the mothers and widows of fallen soldiers on his return from the Peace Conference.
Cover title inscribed 'W. M. H. : For humanity : 15.9.19'
Comprises item 4966.
Illuminated address presented to Hughes by the people of Bendigo on his return from the Peace Conference.
Cover title reads 'Bendigo's welcome to the Right Honorable William Morris Hughes, P. C., K. C., Prime Minister of Australia'.
Comprises item 4967.
Illuminated address presented to Hughes by the Committee of the Brisbane Sub-Branch of the Returned Sailors and Soldiers Imperial League of Australia.
Comprises item 4968.
Program entitled 'Souvenir of the official Commonwealth and State Governments' gala performance in honour of His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales ... at Her Majesty's Theatre, Sydney, 22nd June, 1920'.
Also includes a portrait of the Prince of Wales and copies of the Evening News, 16 June, 1920 announcing the Prince's arrival in Australia.
Comprises items 4969-4975.
Illuminated address presented to Hughes by the Welsh community of Melbourne following his appointment as Prime Minister.
Comprises item 4976.
Illuminated address presented to Hughes by the Perth Branch of the Returned Sailors, Soldiers and Nurses Association on his return from the Peace Conference.
Comprises item 4977.
Illuminated address presented to Hughes by the King and Empire Alliance (Queensland) on his return from the Peace Conference.
Comprises item 4978.
Illuminated address presented to Hughes by former colleagues of the Labor Party (who were expelled along with Hughes) on his return from the Peace Conference.
Comprises item 4978a.
[Item previously numbered 4978c is now held at Series 15, Bag 27, item 1134. For item 4979, see Subseries 16.2, Bag 77a.]
Illuminated manuscript presented to Hughes on behalf of 'the returned soldiers and sailors of Australia who fought in the Great War and the citizens of the Commonwealth'.
Comprises item 4980.
Illuminated address presented to Hughes by representatives of the Municipal Councils of Port Augusta, Port Augusta West, Davenport and District Council of Woolundunga.
Comprises item 4981.
Illuminated address presented to Hughes by the town of Wynnum.
Comprises item 4982.
Illuminated address, 'Victory and peace', presented to Hughes by the Queensland Branch of the Returned Sailors and Soldiers Imperial League in Brisbane, 21 October 1919.
Comprises item 4983.
Comprises item 4984.
Comprises items 4985.
Comprises item 4986.
Comprises items 4987.
Comprises item 4988.
Comprises items 4989.
Comprises item 4990.
Comprises item 4991.
Comprises items 4992.
World War I forced upon Hughes the need for specific federal policies on three broadly related areas, primary industry, overseas trade and shipping. He was faced in particular with the need of both the British and Australian military for wool and foodstuffs (and various raw materials) and with the need to obtain some means, independent of British shipping interests, of moving supplies and troops. Papers in the collection that document some of the measures Hughes took to requisition, sell, and transport Australia's primary products comprise the bulk of the series and can also be found in Series 16 and Series 23.
The series is basically arranged chronologically and consists of correspondence, memoranda, cables and telegrams, accounts, records of conferences and statistics. These cover such subjects as Australia's overseas trade representatives (June 1917), the importation of Japanese electrical goods into Great Britain, government chartering agents (March 1918), the establishment of the Central Wool Committee, the British Australian Wool Realisation Association Ltd, meat contracts with the British Government, the Bullot Meat Process, the John Cooke & Co. case (1920), the building of ships in the United States, sugar agreements between the Commonwealth and Queensland, the Bureau of Commerce and Industry, and the sale to Great Britain of Australian wool, wheat and flour, dried fruits, rabbits, meat and sugar.
The main correspondents are the Secretary of State for the Colonies, J. Jensen, Walter McLeitch, Sir John Higgins, Walter Massey-Green, Sir John Darling, H. R. Sleeman, H. B. Pitt, E. Eva, H. G. B. Larkin, W. Oldershaw, A. S. Rodgers, S. Taylor, W. S. Robinson, and organisations such as Westralian Farmers Ltd, Dalgety & Company Ltd and Elder Smith & Company.
Comprises items 1-100.
Comprises items 101-277.
Includes a copy of an agreement between the Commonwealth Government and New South Wales for the construction of six steel cargo steamers.
Printed items relates to a prices investigation into bread and the appraisal of the 1917-1918 wool clip.
Comprises items 278-366.
Includes a copy of an agreement between the Commonwealth Government and Queensland for the purchase of sugar for the 1920 season.
Printed items include Memoranda regarding the Bullot meat process (1919) and Facts: farmers and the wheat pool: the true position (1919).
Comprises items 367-412.
Includes a report by the Central Wool Committee on a contract between the Commonwealth Government and the Colonial Combing, Spinning and Weaving Company.
Also includes an address by Hughes on 'Wool and finance', 27 April 1920.
Comprises items 413-518.
Includes a pamphlet The re-valuation of gold.
Comprises items 519-638.
Includes a statement presented to Hughes by 'Representatives of the sugar and commercial interests of Bundaberg and district' on 5 June 1922. Statement is encased in a bound leather folder.
Comprises items 639-719.
Includes a report of the Royal Commission in connexion with sugar purchases by the Commonwealth through Mr W. E. Davies in September and October 1920.
Two miscellaneous folios from 1935 and 1946 have also been filed in this folder.
Comprises items 720-724b.
Includes a copy of That sugar agreement: a tale of an intrigue, a suppression and a forgery (Federal election pamphlet No 5).
Comprises items 725-745.
Bound volume entitled 'Sugar Commission 1911-1913' containing material on the sugar industry.
Comprises item 746.
This small series refers to some of Hughes' conciliatory and legal attempts to settle industrial disputes during his term as Prime Minister and the determination of wage rates. It is arranged in two parts, with papers on a variety of subjects followed by material on the 1920 Royal Commission on the Basic Wage.
The first part contains reports and draft proposals on the industrial conference of February-March 1922; notes of a meeting with a deputation on the labour conditions at the Broken Hill smelting works (August 1917); some letters and notes on amendments to the Conciliation and Arbitration Act (1917 and 1921) and an opinion by Garran on industrial aspects of the War Precautions Act (1920). There are also papers on the seamen's strike, 1919, and the prosecution of Tom Walsh that include intelligence reports and Walsh's speech in court, annotated by George Knowles. The remainder contains the various reports of the Royal Commission on the Basic Wage, letters from the chairman, A. B. Piddington, speech notes, letters to Hughes from the Commonwealth Statistician, George Knibbs, and some newscuttings.
Includes letters and notes on the existing arbitration system and possible changes to the Conciliation and Arbitration Act.
Printed items include draft copies of the Industrial Peace Bill, 1917-1918.
Comprises items 1-80.
Includes correspondence relating to the selection of an Australian delegate to the International Labor Conference to be held in Washington in 1920.
Also includes notes on the seamen's strike and Tom Walsh and a transcript of a court hearing involving Walsh.
Comprises items 81-126.
Includes notes and correspondence on arbitration and industrial issues.
Printed material consists of a report of debates and decisions arrived at during the Conference of Commonwealth and State Ministers, held at Melbourne, October-November, 1921.
Comprises items 127-146.
Includes reports of debates from the Conference of Representatives of Employers' and Employees' Industrial Organisations held at Sydney, February 1922.
Comprises items 147-170.
Mainly unidentified notes.
Comprises items 171-184.
Material relating to the Royal Commission on the Basic Wage.
Comprises items 185-242.
The participation of Australia in World War I caused many changes in the organisation of her defences and evidence of some of them is included in this small series. There are some important letters, minutes and reports on defence policy (Navy Board, October 1915), the reduction of defence expenditure (General White, 1920), the German colonies in the Pacific (J. G. Latham, February 1918), the Council of Defence (George Pearce, March 1918), and the acquisition of guns (A. F. Everett, January 1922). The series also has letters, minutes and reports by Joseph Cook, Walter Massey-Green, Admirals Percy Grant and John Dumaresq, and a paper by the Air Council on the organisation of the Royal Australian Air Force (April 1922).
Includes a copy of 'Report on a defence policy for Australia: Report No II: a post-Bellum naval policy for the Pacific' and reports on German New Guinea and the organisation and command of the AIF.
Also includes a copy of Fourth progress report of the Royal Commission on Navy and Defence Administration (1918).
Comprises items 1-149.
Copy of Report of the Admiral of the Fleet Viscount Jellicoe of Scapa ... on naval mission to the Commonwealth of Australia, May-August, 1919. Volumes I and II.
Comprises items 150-152.
Copy of Report of the Admiral of the Fleet Viscount Jellicoe of Scapa ... on naval mission to the Commonwealth of Australia, May-August, 1919. Volumes III and IV.
Comprises items 153-154.
Includes a copy of 'Report by the Conference of Senior Military Officers constituted by the Minister for Defence on 22/1/1920 to advise upon the military defence of Australia'.
Also includes a lecture entitled 'Modern airships', delivered by Air Commodore E. M. Maitland at the House of Commons, 28 June 1920.
Comprises items 155-266.
Reports include 'Acquisition of spare naval guns from Admiralty by Commonwealth Government for Australian coast defences' (January 1922) and a policy for the development of Australia's air defence by the Air Council (April 1922).
Also includes a map showing wireless stations in the Atlantic, Indian and western portion of the Pacific Ocean and marked 'recommendations of Conference of Admirals, Pacific and Indian and Australian Waters'.
Comprises items 267-344.
Includes appendices to Part III of report 'A post-Bellum naval policy for the Pacific'; a precis of contents of Lord Jellicoe's reports and a report on reduction in expenditure on the Australian Military Forces.
Comprises items 345-439.
In October 1916 and again in December 1917 Hughes sought through referenda the approval of the electorate for conscription for overseas service. This series comprises papers on the need for reinforcements and the second referendum. Most of the letters, copies of replies, telegrams and copies of cables are addressed to Hughes. They relate mainly to his concern for the depletion of the AIF, his concern to get messages urging a 'Yes' vote to troops overseas, his endeavours to obtain pro-conscription statements by overseas labour leaders, the selection of scrutineers for polling booths overseas, the censoring of T. J. Ryan's anti-conscription speech published in the Queensland State Parliamentary Hansard, and the reaction of Hughes' cabinet colleagues to the decision to close hotels on the day of the second referendum.
The main correspondents are Sir Ronald Anderson, Thomas Griffith, W. F. Massey, Andrew Fisher, Keith Murdoch, General Birdwood, Walter Long, George Knibbs, George Pearce, Sir John Forrest, Malcolm Shepherd, Percy Deane, and Octavius Beale. The series also has copies of correspondence between Pearce and General Birdwood, between Sir John Forrest and Sir Robert Collins, Forrest and Major-General E. Sinclair, and between Walter Long and Sir Ronald Munro-Ferguson. Copies of some speeches and cuttings complete the series.
Comprises items 1-110.
Comprises items 111-276.
Comprises items 277-406.
Includes a pamphlet Proposal for national service by 'Australian' (November 1917) and a leaflet Lottery of death by Henry Boote .
Comprises items 407-522.
Comprises items 523-526.
Miscellaneous undated material. Includes a statistical summary of electoral divisions of members of the AIF arranged by state.
Comprises items 527-580.
This is a small but important group of papers covering what Hughes regarded as the three main sources of anti-conscription and anti-Empire activity in Australia during his term as Prime Minister: the Industrial Workers of the World, Sinn Fein, and Russian communism. Two organisations established to counter them were the Commonwealth Police and the Counter Espionage Bureau (CEB). The latter, part of an Empire-wide organisation, was absorbed into the Attorney-General's Department in the early 1920s.
The series consists in the main of letters, reports and memoranda sent to Hughes, Pearce and Garran from both Major G. Steward (Munro-Ferguson's Official Secretary and the first Director of the CEB) and Colonel H. Jones (Steward's successor as Director, and later head of the Investigation Branch of the Attorney-General's Department). They include Steward's first six monthly report to Pearce on the CEB (August 1916), Jones' 1922 annual intelligence report to the Solicitor-General, reports and intelligence summaries by Jones on communism in Australia (1921), letters from Steward and Munro-Ferguson on the need for a Federal Police Force (1917-1918), and a letter from Steward to Pearce which refers to a Special Intelligence Bureau (January 1917).
Other items have extracts of letters by unionists, priests and others passed to Hughes by the censors; intelligence information from W. G. Spence; an Australian Military Forces intelligence report (March 1918), an unsigned paper headed 'Unlawful Associations Act - intelligence report', a report by Captain Thomas W. White on the Bolshevik movement in Russia (n.d.), British Government Command Papers on Sinn Fein and its connection with Bolshevism, examples of Industrial Workers of the World stickers, and an intelligence report on a speech by Archbishop Mannix.
Includes the first report on the Counter Espionage Bureau (CEB) by Major G. Steward; a page of anti-conscription army songs and military intelligence reports, March 1918.
Comprises items 1-130.
Mainly reports on communism and the Sinn Fein movement.
Printed material includes a special issue of The Republic, 1 November 1919 and a British parliamentary paper, Documents relative to the Sinn Fein movement (1921).
Comprises items 131-209.
Mainly miscellaneous undated reports. Includes a report by Captain Thomas White on the Bolshevik movement in Russia and a letter containing examples of Industrial Workers of the World stickers.
Comprises items 210-257.
Hughes was the only Dominion Prime Minister able to accept Asquith's invitation to visit Britain in 1916. There he attended meetings of the British Cabinet, was made a Privy Councillor, and attended the Paris Economic Conference (June 1916) as a member of the British delegation.
There is very little on the visit in the papers, with the series containing a few letters (from Asquith, Marie Corelli, and Lord Fisher), some illuminated addresses and dedications relating to Hughes' receipt of freedoms of cities, some loose newscuttings and a newscuttings album, menus and programs, loose photographs, and an album of photographs presented by the Urban District Council of Llandudno (16 May 1916).
Includes a speech delivered at the Hotel Cecil on Anzac Day, 1916 before Australian troops; newscuttings of comments by Winston Churchill on Hughes and a copy of Recommendations of the Economic Conference of the Allies held at Paris on June 14, 15, 16 and 17, 1916.
Also includes an address presented to Hughes by members of the South African Labour Party, 12 July 1916.
Comprises items 1-53.
Includes copies of the Glasgow Bulletin (April) documenting Hughes' visit to the city and a photograph of a visit to his old school, 21 March 1916.
Comprises items 54-73.
Illuminated address presented to Hughes by the Mayor and Councillors of the City of Capetown.
Comprises item 74.
Illuminated address conferring upon Hughes the Freedom of the City of Birmingham.
Comprises item 75.
Copy of Ancient guildhall of the city of York, presented to Hughes by the York and District Trades and Labour Council, 27 May 1916.
Comprises item 76.
Album presented to Hughes during his visit to his childhood home by the Urban District Council of Llandudno, 6 May 1916.
Comprises item 77.
Album of travel photographs taken during Hughes' overseas visit. Countries include New Zealand, Honolulu, Canada and England.
Comprises item 78.
Illuminated address presented to Hughes by the Committee and members of the Cape Town Branch of the Over-seas Club.
Comprises item 79.
Illuminated address presented to Hughes by the Queen Mary Lodge, Bloemfontein, of the Sons of England Patriotic and Benevolent Society.
Comprises item 80.
Illuminated address conferring upon Hughes the Freedom of the City of Liverpool.
Comprises item 81.
Cylinder which contained the illuminated address conferring upon Hughes the Freedom of the City of Liverpool. The address has been removed from the cylinder and rehoused in a flat box.
Comprises item 81a.
Illuminated address admitting Hughes to the Brothership of the Clothworkers Company, London.
Comprises item 82.
Cuttings relating to Hughes' visit.
Comprises item 83.
Illuminated address presented to Hughes by Australians and New Zealanders living in Durban, South Africa, on his return to Australia in 1916. Includes lists of signatures.
Comprises item 84.
In April 1918 Hughes, his wife, Sir Joseph Cook and their secretaries and advisers left Sydney to represent Australia at the Imperial War Conference which met in June and July. During the year he also attended meetings of the British War Cabinet and the Supreme War Council of the Allies in Paris, obtained direct representation for Australia in the British Empire Delegation to the 1919 Peace Conference and negotiated the sale of Australia's 1917-1818 surplus wheat crop.
All of the papers in the collection that Hughes received from April 1918 up to his departure for Paris on 11 January 1919 are in this series. There are five subseries.
This subseries comprises letters, cables and telegrams received or sent by Hughes and is in date order. They cover the war situation, Allied policy on the treatment of prisoners, the political scene in Australia, the problem of Birdwood's replacement as Australian Corps Commander, the raising of an additional 3-4000 light-horsemen, Japanese interest in nickel and iron ore in New Caledonia and copper in the New Hebrides, preparations for the Paris Peace Conference, and the opinion of the Australian Cabinet on various questions referred to it by Hughes.
The main correspondents are Sir Ronald Munro-Ferguson, George Pearce, C. E. W. Bean, W. A. Watt, H. S. Gullett, Keith Murdoch, Sir Ronald Anderson, General Monash, Annie Kenny, Walter Long, Lord Cecil, Theodore Roosevelt, Andrew Fisher, Sir Henry Wilson, Henry Lambert, Lloyd George, and E. A. Box. There are also some copies of Hughes' letters to Lloyd George, Alfred Milner, and Walter Long.
Comprises items 1-148.
Comprises items 149-224.
Comprises items 225-315.
This subseries is a small collection of roneoed copies of British notes of meetings of the Allied Powers held in July and between October and December in Paris and London. They are headed variously 'Proces verbal' and 'Notes of a conversation with...' and relate either to full sessions of the Supreme War Council or meetings between Great Britain and representatives of individual Allied Powers.
Comprises items 316-386.
Comprises items 387-482.
Comprises items 483-600.
Imperial War Cabinet papers make up this subseries. It includes agenda and a two volume set of printed minutes that includes a subject index (11 June-31 December), reports, memoranda, and a large group of other papers stamped as having been circulated to members of the Cabinet. These include Foreign Office telegrams, Air Ministry fortnightly reports, British Empire and African reports, Western and General reports, and reports of Cabinet subcommittees like the Committee of Prime Ministers and the Australian Purchases Committee.
Comprises items 601-729.
Includes two printed volumes of minutes for meetings 15-29 (11 June-2 August 1918) and 30-48 (13 August-31 December 1918) with accompanying subject index.
Comprises items 735-869.
Comprises items 870-1013.
Comprises items 1014-1204.
Comprises items 1205-1336.
Comprises items 1337-1444.
Comprises items 1445-1589.
Comprises items 1590-1646.
Includes report entitled 'British military policy, 1918-1919', prepared by the War Office.
Comprises items 1647-1751.
Comprises items 1752-1806.
Comprises items 1807-1868.
Comprises items 1869-1966.
Comprises items 1967-2024.
Comprises items 2025-2142.
Comprises items 2143-2239.
Comprises items 2240-2290.
Comprises items 2291-2379.
Comprises items 2380-2440.
Comprises items 2441-2506.
Comprises items 2441a-2507.
Includes two copies of report entitled 'Memorandum by the Chief of the Air Staff on air power requirements of the Empire', 9 December 1918.
Comprises items 2508-2604.
Comprises items 2605-2687.
Comprises items 2688-2779.
This subseries consists of printed minutes and papers of the Imperial War Conference. They comprise a proof copy of Extracts from minutes of proceedings and papers laid before the Conference (HMSO, 1918), Minutes of proceedings and papers laid before the Conference (other than those published in Cd. 9177) (November 1918), and a small number of roneoed Conference memoranda by the Secretary, Henry Lambert.
Comprises items 2780-2811.
Includes a proof copy of Extracts from minutes of proceedings and papers laid before the conference, (HMSO, 1918).
Comprises items 2812-2814.
Copy of Minutes of proceedings and papers laid before the Conference (other than those published in [Cd. 9177]).
Comprises item 2815.
This subseries contains speeches, programs, photographs, printed material, and some documents pertaining to Hughes' award of the Legion of Honour (November 1918).
Includes a folder of cuttings on the war in Europe, March 1918.
Comprises items 2816-2874.
Includes a copy of Interim and final reports of the Civil Aerial Transport Committee with appendices, published by the Air Ministry, July 1918.
Also includes notes on the history of the French award, the Legion of Honour dated 1900 and 1913.
Comprises items 2875-2892; 2894-2921 and 2923-2924.
Certificate conferring upon Hughes the honour of Grand Officer of the French Legion of Honour (Ordre National de la Legion d'Honneur).
Comprises item 2893.
Illuminated address conferring upon Hughes the Freedom of the City for the Borough of Gravesend.
Comprises item 2922.
Includes menus and programs relating to a visit by the President of the United States to England in December 1918.
Also includes a photograph of Hughes at the Trade Union Congess held in Derby, England with Christobel Pankhurst and others.
Comprises items 2925-3003.
Hughes and Sir Joseph Cook were Australia's representatives in the British delegation to the Peace Conference in Paris held from January to July 1919. In addition, Hughes was Australia's representative at meetings of the Council of Ten and one of the vice-presidents of one of the committees the Council set up, the Reparations Commission. His two lasting achievements at Paris, acknowledged by most writers on the Peace Conference, were the exclusion of a racial equality clause implying free migration from the preamble to the Covenant of the League of Nations, and the virtual annexation for Australia of New Guinea under a 'C' class mandate.
Some of the evidence of Hughes' presence at the Conference can be traced in the present series which although small contains some excellent source material. It has been grouped into three subseries, and divides into correspondence, British War Cabinet and Supreme War Council and miscellaneous papers.
The correspondence includes letters, cables, telegrams, memoranda and copies of replies. This correspondence refers to a large number of subjects such as aspects of the various Allies' attitudes to the peace conditions, the exploration of Papuan oil fields, the Belgian war effort, the proposed International Hydrographic Conference, demobilisation, recommendations for honours, war memorials, an Australian air force, the purchase of ships, the supply of wool and wheat to Great Britain, the establishment of oil refineries in Australia, and trade with Italy.
The correspondents include W. A. Watt, R. R. Garran, George Pearce, Sir Ronald Munro-Ferguson, Lord Milner, Lloyd George, Sir Maurice Hankey, Lord Cecil and L. S. Amery.
Comprises items 1-118.
Comprises items 119-243.
Comprises items 244-350.
Comprises items 351-436.
File also includes some undated papers.
Comprises items 437-525.
The cabinet papers are an incomplete set of memoranda, printed and roneoed reports presented to War Cabinet that include reports of Conference Commissions on Bulgaria and Poland, translations of notes by the German delegation and copies of Foreign Office cables circulated to Cabinet. The remaining items are printed reports of meetings of the Supreme War Council and the Supreme Economic Council.
Comprises items 526-552.
Comprises items 553-660.
Includes a rough sketch of a suggested staff to be carried in front of the Prime Minister of Australia at public ceremonies and rejoicings.
Comprises items 661-701.
Copy of 'Observations of the German Delegation on the conditions of peace' (Part 1).
Comprises items 702-775.
Copy of 'Observations of the German Delegation on the conditions of peace' (Part 2).
Comprises items 776-862.
Comprises items 863-955.
There are notes by Garran on phosphates and Nauru, draft Italian-Australian trade agreements, programs, cuttings, invitations, speeches and photographs.
Includes newscuttings on the Peace Conference and the Australian shipping trade; speeches; various menus, invitations and entry cards and memorandum and notes on Nauru and phosphates.
Also includes a poster for a 'Diggers' lunch to Bill Hughes' at the AIF War Chest Club, Horseferry Road, London and a signed program relating to the 'signature of the Treaty of peace between the Allied and Associated Powers and Germany', 28 June 1919.
Comprises items 956-1061.
Subjects include Paris; England; Hughes talking to troops at Sutton Veny (England); scenes from French battlefields and Hughes visit to Australian troops at Villers Bretonneux.
Also includes a series of postcards of buildings and monuments in Paris.
Comprises items 1062-1095.
Album consisting mainly of postcards from England, France, America and Honolulu.
Also includes a small number of photographs including Hughes and his wife visiting wounded Australian troops and Andrew Fisher and Mary Hughes in London.
Comprises item 1096.
Between May and September 1921 Hughes was absent from Australia, and occupied during June and July at a 'Conference of the Prime Ministers and Representatives of the United Kingdom, the Dominions and India'. With Deane his only adviser, Hughes pressed the Conference to renew the Anglo-Japanese Treaty and urged an airship service and wireless as solutions to the lack of inter-Empire communication and the alternative to regular Imperial Conferences. In London Hughes also supervised Australia House following Fisher's retirement in January 1921 and encouraged the sale of Australian primary products. In France on his way home he visited Paris and war graves at Amiens.
Series 25 contains all of the papers in the collection on this period of Hughes' career.
This subseries contains a small group of letters, telegrams and cables received from people in Australia and Britain such as Joseph Cook, George Pearce, Lord Novar, L. S. Amery, Winston Churchill, Admiral Grant and Srinivasa Sastri. They refer to subjects such as the supply of ammunition to the Royal Australian Navy, an imperial airship service, recommendations for honours, reparations, and an exhibition of canned fruit at Australia House.
Comprises items 1-42.
Comprises items 43-94 and 97-159.
Photographs of unidentified fruit exhibition.
Comprises items 95-96.
Includes a copy of the 'A' minutes of the Imperial Conference along with a subject index.
Comprises items 160-357.
Most of this subseries consists of the basic records of the Conference known as the 'E' series. They are printed and roneoed sets of 'notes', 'stenographic notes', and minutes of meetings of the conference, referred to at the time as the 'Conference of Prime Ministers and Representatives of the United Kingdom, the Dominions and India'. A subject index is included.
Includes memorandum on the reparations settlement and reports of the Imperial Shipping Committee.
Comprises items 358-420.
Comprises items 421-442.
Comprises items 443-474.
Comprises items 475-573.
Comprises items 574-646.
Comprises items 647-932.
Comprises items 933-1054.
Comprises items 1055-1105.
Includes an Admiralty report on 'Empire naval policy and cooperation', reports of the Imperial Shipping Committee, a memorandum by the overseas Subcommittee of the Committee of Imperial Defence, Foreign Office telegrams, statistics on the strength of the British fleets, some British Cabinet papers, and records of meetings of the Imperial Reparations Committee. There is also material on the Permanent Court of International Justice, the Conference on State-Aided Empire Settlement, the administration of Australia House, and Sir Ross Smith's views on a London-Australia air service.
Report entitled Empire naval policy and co-operation: outline of Empire naval policy prepared by the Admiralty to form a basis for discussion at the Imperial Cabinet, 1921 (2 copies) and reports and memorandum of the Imperial Shipping Committee and Committee of Imperial Defence.
Comprises items 1106-1116.
Comprises items 1117-1174.
Comprises items 1175-1220.
Includes a report on the fleets of Great Britain and foreign countries.
Also includes a manuscript note by Ross Smith on an 'Air service London - Australia' (7 July 1921).
Comprises items 1221-1276.
Comprises items 1277-1351.
Comprises items 1352-1475.
Includes newscuttings, photographs, letters patent, speeches, programs and invitations, and refer mainly to Hughes' visit to Amiens. Two large albums of newscuttings from British newspapers covering this whole period also feature.
Includes a report on Hughes visit to Amiens, France, 23-25 August 1921.
Also includes a Letters Patent from King George, 6 July 1921.
Comprises items 1476-1548.
Includes a copy of Australia, its people, its resources, its progress; an address given by Hughes to the Bankers of London, 19 August 1921.
Comprises items 1549-1571.
Comprises items 1572-1598.
Includes French newspapers from the Somme region relating to Hughes visit to Amiens.
Also includes a cartoon from Punch, 28 April 1921, showing Hughes trying out his wardrobe prior to leaving for overseas.
Comprises items 1599-1618.
Illuminated address conferring upon Hughes the Freedom of the City of Bath.
Comprises item 1619.
Program for the 'Opening of the Parliament of Northern Ireland by his most gracious majesty, King George V', 22 June 1921.
Comprises item 1620.
Cuttings from British newspapers covering Hughes visit overseas; the Imperial Conference and world affairs at this time.
Comprises item 1621.
Comprises item 1622.
As if unable to settle to the comparative quiet of the backbenches, within a year of losing the Prime Ministership, Hughes accepted the invitation of Lee Keedick and H. C. Armstrong to do a lecture tour of the United States of America. He left in February 1924 and was back in Sydney at the end of August.
Letters Hughes received while on tour, as well as newscuttings, speeches, travel documents and some name cards have been collated to form this series. The correspondents include Keedick, Edward Harding, Donald Mackinnon, D. B. Edwards, Helen and Charles Hughes, Dr Charles Hunt, and Percy Deane and Sir John Quick in Australia.
Hughes' speeches cover topics including the war, Australia's immigration policy, the Conciliation and Arbitration Act, and Japan.
Comprises items 1-67.
Comprises items 68-151.
Includes the text of a speech by A. Horsfall, (December 1923) on migration and annotated by Hughes. Other material undated.
Comprises items 152-238.
Subjects include Versailles Treaty; compulsory arbitration; the White Australia policy and world peace.
Comprises items 239-310.
Comprises items 311-343.
Mainly from American newspapers. Also includes a luncheon menu and lecture flyer.
Comprises items 344-372.
The collection has very little on the National Party, the party Hughes formed in February 1917 from the Liberals and National Labour Party and helped destroy 12 years later. This series has papers of a general nature on the Party, and there are also relevant papers in Series 28, Series 32 (Referenda file) and Series 33. It consists mainly of newscuttings reporting speeches by Hughes to the party organisation in 1922 and 1928, reprints of some speeches (e.g., by Bavin at the 9th Annual Convention of the National Association of NSW), constitutions, copies of the Australian National Review, and the text of and voting on resolutions put to meetings of the party in January 1918, and a few letters. The latter refer to his defeat in 1923 and negotiations with Lyons in 1931. The series also includes several items on the National Labour Party.
Comprises items 1-31.
Includes notes on National Party policy.
Comprises items 32-137.
Includes various party conference reports; speeches by T. Bavin (1926 and 1927) and Hughes (1925); copies of party constitution and rules and an issue of the Australian National Review (19 February 1923).
Also includes a certificate of appreciation presented to Hughes by members of the National Party, 1 March 1923.
Comprises items 138-150.
Comprises items 151-172.
During his long career in federal politics, Hughes stood successfully for four electorates, West Sydney (1901-1917), Bendigo (1917-1922), North Sydney (1922-1949), and Bradfield (1949-1952). The collection has a good deal of material on the elections held between 1913 and 1951, including a file on the 1930 New South Wales State election and some papers on some Federal and State by-elections. With a couple of exceptions all of this material is in Series 28. Papers on the 1929 House of Representatives election are in Series 33 and there is material on the 1930 New South Wales election and the 1946 Federal election in Series 48. Congratulatory letters and telegrams are in Series 3.
This series relates primarily to the campaigns Hughes conducted within his own electorate, although the material on some elections, in particular the 1943 Federal election when he was leader of the United Australia Party, does refer to the wider campaign. It consists of letters, memoranda, speakers notes, campaign literature, and some of Hughes' published speeches and broadcasts, and finally newscuttings on the election. Material on each election has been combined into files and these are arranged in date order. The coverage of the series is uneven, and only the 1931, 1940, 1943, and 1949 elections are well documented.
Apart from the 1943 election, mention should also be made of the 1949 election and the electoral boundaries redistribution in the previous year. The material consists of correspondence with the public relations firm Eric White and Associates, a McNair political survey of the new electorate of Bradfield, speeches, Liberal Party publications, and correspondence indicating Hughes' work for other Liberal candidates. Hughes' preselection battle with H. B. Turner and the electoral repercussions of the 1948 redistribution are also covered.
Comprises items 1-52.
Comprises items 53-182.
Consists of a photograph album presented to Hughes by W. A. Gibson as a memento of his great victory at the federal election, May 1917.
Many of the photographs are of Hughes on the campaign trail.
Comprises item 183.
Comprises items 184-221.
Comprises items 222-440.
Comprises items 441-480.
Comprises items 481-544.
Copies of statistical returns for the 1928 election.
Comprises items 545-609.
Comprises items 610-702.
Includes the musical song sheet Painting the clouds with moonshine (an election song).
Comprises items 703-778.
Comprises items 779-917.
Comprises items 918-1293
Comprises items 1294-1543.
Comprises items 1544-1681.
Comprises items 1682-1786.
Comprises items 1787-1919.
Comprises items 1920-1989.
Comprises items 1990-2070.
Comprises items 2071-2294.
Includes policy speeches by John Curtin and H. V. Evatt.
Comprises items 2295-2328.
Comprises items 2329-2410.
Comprises items 2411-2590.
Includes statistical returns for the 1940 election.
Comprises items 2591-2673.
Mainly election speeches.
Comprises items 2674-2858.
Mainly correspondence, memorandum, speeches and telegrams.
Comprises items 2859-3000.
Mainly correspondence and telegrams.
Comprises items 3001-3097.
Includes statistical returns for the 1943 election.
Comprises items 3098-3213.
Comprises items 3214-3577.
Comprises items 3578-3667.
Comprises items 3668-3733.
Comprises items 3734-3870.
Comprises items 3871-3938.
Comprises items 3939-4018.
Comprises items 4019-4089.
Comprises items 4090-4208.
Mainly correspondence, notes and telegrams.
Comprises items 4209-4463.
Includes statistical returns for the 1946 election and an analysis of voting prepared by the Liberal Party of Australia.
Comprises items 4464-4596.
Mainly pamphlets and speeches.
Comprises items 4597-4663.
Comprises items 4664-4722.
Includes correspondence with public relations firm, Eric White and Associates.
Comprises items 4723-4800.
Comprises items 4801-4855.
Includes a McNair political survey of the electorate of Bradfield, February 1949.
Comprises items 4856-5016.
Comprises items 5017-5150.
Includes speeches from NSW and Queensland Candidates' Convention, September 1949.
Comprises items 5151-5263.
Mainly speeches and notes.
Comprises items 5264-5347.
Comprises items 5348-5410.
Comprises items 5411-5515.
Includes miscellaneous papers on the 1950 NSW state election and 1951 federal election,
Comprises items 5516-5625.
Following his resignation and replacement by Bruce in February 1923, Hughes returned to the backbenches and did not gain ministerial office for another 11 years. All of the letters Hughes received in his capacity as a parliamentarian, 1923-1934, have been brought together to form this series. Many have copies of Hughes' replies attached, and these 'files' and all of the individual letters have been arranged in date order. The bulk of the letters are requests for support or opposition to legislation before the Parliament or requests to investigate grievances.
The topics covered include the Oil Agreement Bill (1926), the entertainment tax proposals (1929), individual cases of applications for war pensions to the War Gratuity Board, certain decisions of the Tariff Board, applications for positions in the Commonwealth Public Service, the prickly pear plague, the sale of liquor in Canberra, the flights of Sir Charles Kingsford Smith, and the duty on imported petrol and kerosene.
In addition there are papers of a purely parliamentary nature, such as reminders about Parliamentary Library Committee meetings, Senator Gardiner's testimonial, the rules covering travel allowances for parliamentarians, and papers on the visits of parliamentary delegations.
Comprises items 46-173.
Comprises items 174-342.
Comprises items 343-423.
Includes a report of debates from the Conference of Commonwealth and State Ministers held at Parliament House, Melbourne, June 1927 to consider financial relations between the states and commonwealth and child endowment (1927).
Comprises items 424-452.
Comprises items 453-496.
This series contains a large amount of Hughes' correspondence with constituents (individuals and organisations) from his years as the Member for North Sydney (1922-1949) and Bradfield (1949-1952). The 'files' of correspondence and memoranda, which are mostly from the 1940s, have been arranged by the date of the initial request letter. In some cases, correspondence on certain matters has been continuous over a period of time and all relevant correspondence has been filed together.
The most common requests are for help in having a local post office built or a telephone installed. Other letters refer to job applications, pensions and introductions signed by the Prime Minister, and protests about the Statute of Westminster Bill, Chifley's Bank Bill, the building of a rocket range near Aboriginal settlements, petrol and meat rationing, and the Postal Workers Case (1947).
The series also includes the petition Hughes received prior to the December 1922 election from many North Sydney electors requesting that he leave the Bendigo electorate and stand for the new electorate of North Sydney. Please note, only part of the series has been item-numbered.
Petition signed by the constituents of the seat of North Sydney requesting Hughes to stand for the new electorate.
Comprises items 1-39.
Comprises items 40-163.
Comprises items 164-263.
Comprises items 264-383.
Comprises items 384-519.
Comprises items 520-648.
Comprises items 649-750.
Comprises items 751-872.
Comprises items 873-975.
Comprises items 976-1110.
Comprises items 1111-1253.
Comprises items 1254-1399.
Comprises items 1400-1551.
Comprises items 1552-1661.
Comprises items 1662-1789.
Comprises items 1790-1882.
Comprises items 1883-1955.
Comprises items 1956-2116.
Comprises items 2117-2242.
Comprises items 2243-2346.
Comprises items 2347-2431.
Comprises items 2432-2541.
Comprises items 2542-2627.
Comprises items 2628-2709.
Comprises items 2710-2830.
Comprises items 2831-2927.
Comprises items 2928-3028.
Comprises items 3029-3105.
Comprises items 3106-3193.
Comprises items 3194-3331.
Comprises items 3332-3440.
Comprises items 3441-3507.
Comprises items 3508-3600.
Comprises items 3601-3697.
Comprises items 3698-3869.
Most letters range from March -June 1943. Some ongoing correspondence until 1945.
Comprises items 3870-3966.
Most letters range from April-June 1943. Some ongoing correspondence until 1945.
Comprises items 3967-4155.
Comprises items 4156-4257.
Comprises items 4258-4343.
Comprises items 4344-4413.
Comprises items 4414-4575.
Comprises items 4576-4708.
Includes a series of pro-forma letters arguing against meat rationing through the use of coupons.
Comprises items 4709-4819.
Comprises items 4820-5001.
Comprises items 5002-5151.
Mainly correspondence originating in May-June 1944.
Comprises items 5152-5306.
Mainly correspondence originating in July-August 1944.
Comprises items 5307-5666.
Comprises items 5667-5853.
Mainly correspondence originating in October 1944.
Comprises items 5854-5989.
Comprises items 5990-6044.
Comprises items 6045-6185.
Comprises items 6186-6413.
Comprises items 6414-6599.
Comprises items 6600-6838.
Comprises items 6839-7105.
Comprises items 7106-7296.
Comprises items 7297-7434.
Comprises items 7435-7682.
Comprises items 7683-7853.
Comprises items 7854-8024.
Comprises items 8025-8237.
Comprises items 8238-8479.
Comprises items 8480-8712.
Comprises items 8713-8991.
Comprises items 8992-9262.
Comprises items 9263-9606.
Comprises items 9607-9848.
Comprises items 9849-10144.
Comprises items 10145-10443.
Comprises items 10444-10734.
Comprises items 10735-10855. Remaining folios have not been numbered.
Includes many letters opposing bank nationalisation.
Mainly undated correspondence opposing the bank nationalisation.
Amalgamated Wireless (Australasia) Ltd (AWA) was formed in 1913. Following a parliamentary enquiry in 1922, the Hughes Government bought a majority of its shares and transferred to it all the radio services conducted until then by the Post Office. Its controlling board consisted of three government appointed directors and three nominated by AWA, and incredibly, Hughes himself was the seventh and independent director. He remained a director for the rest of his life and was also a director of a subsidiary, the Amalgamated Wireless Value Company Pty Ltd. He was also a member of at least one Cabinet subcommittee on radio communications and AWA. More than once Hughes was obliged to defend his position and other AWA matters in Parliament.
With the exception of some letters to Hughes in 1932 while in Britain and Geneva by AWA's London representative, A. Longstaff, all of the papers in the collection that Hughes received as an AWA director and as a participant in various related government activities are in this series. It consists principally of letters, circulars and memoranda received as a director, 1922-1952. There are, however, some reports, Cabinet papers, letters requesting work with AWA, copies of some of the correspondence of AWA's Chairman and Managing Director, Sir Ernest Fisk, some speech notes, statistics, and cuttings.
The main correspondents are Sir George Knowles, L. A. Hooke, I. F. Wilson, George McLeay, John Curtin, and Fisk himself. Some of the topics dealt with in the series are the 1922 enquiry on the proposed merger with the Government, the 1930 agreement between AWA and the Imperial and International Communications Ltd, the 1927 Royal Commission, the building of beam wireless stations in the 1920s, proposals in the early 1940s involving Cable and Wireless Ltd and AWA's relinquishing of its overseas telecommunications functions, and the sale of the Government's shares in 1956.
Includes a copy of 'Proposal to establish direct wireless service between Australia and England' (June 1920).
Subjects include broadcasting wave lengths, beam stations and wireless services.
Includes a copy of Report of the Royal Commission on Wireless together with appendices (1927) .
Also includes the 'actual creed perforated slip' of the first radiogram transmitted from Central Radio Office, Sydney by Hughes to Lord Burnham, London, via beam, 8 April 1927.
Includes copies of agreements between AWA and the Commonwealth Government and comments by AWA on the Royal Commission.
Includes a statement on the wireless - cable merger scheme (1928).
Includes cuttings on the first telephone service between Australia and England and notes on AWA.
Also includes a copy of Tune in to the Radiola advertising campaign (1932).
Includes notes on the activities of AWA and a report of the Imperial Wireless and Cable Conference, 1928.
Includes a copy of Memorandum and articles of association of Amalgamated Wireless (Australasia) Limited (1925) and a report 'World range broadcasting' (1939).
Includes report 'Proposals relating to overseas telegraphic services : submitted by Postmaster-General for consideration of Cabinet' (January 1941).
Includes report 'Proposed formation of new telecommunication company in Australia' by the Postmaster-General's Department, April, 1941.
Includes an address by Sir Ernest Fisk, Chairman of the Board of AWA, at a general meeting of the company, Sydney, 4 December 1944.
Includes an annual report for AWA, 1946.
Includes an annual report for AWA, 1951 and an address by the Chairman and Managing Director at a general meeting, 10 December 1951.
Includes copies of the 1922 Wireless Service agreement and a report on the 'Development of AWA', (n.d.).
Also includes a copy of a pamphlet Facts regarding the wireless industry in Australia (n.d.).
Between Hughes' political demise in 1923 and the outbreak of World War II, a number of broad areas of public policy held his attention and tapped his organising instincts. This series has papers on a number of these policy areas, particularly defence. Others such as federal policy on arbitration and to the League of Nations are covered, in part, by the next three series. The present series has been divided into two sub-series, the first being on defence, the second concerning 14 other policy areas, events or subjects.
Aside from his ministerial duties, Hughes gave close attention during the 1930s to the drift of international events towards war. In his view, there was a consequent need for Australia to rebuild her defence following the neglect of the 1920s and the impotence of the League of Nations to prevent the one thing more than anything else it was established to prevent. '70,000 men needed to keep 7,000,000 free' was one of his slogans, and as President of the Defence of Australia League (established in 1933) and later as Chairman of a Cabinet subcommittee on recruiting he attempted to recruit them. Re-equipping of the Royal Australian Air Force was also advocated.
These papers relate basically to the work of the Cabinet subcommittee and the organisation it worked through, the Australian Defence League (ADL). There are letters and telegrams from Ministers of Defence, particularly G. A. Street, concerning the expenses of the ADL, the lines of responsibility between the subcommittee, the branches of the ADL, and the Army Recruiting Secretariat, and the strength of the Army. Other letters are from branch secretaries of the ADL, the Director-General of Recruiting Norman Whitefield, State Recruiting Committees, Pauline Grieve of the ADL Women's Auxiliary, other groups which supported the recruiting drive, and others such as Percy Deane.
This subseries also includes press statements, notes and drafts for speeches and broadcasts on defence, newscuttings including an album on Mussolini, Hitler, Great Britain defence preparations and Hughes recruiting rallies. The few items on the Defence of Australia League include a draft constitution, some correspondence, notes on the strategic importance of air defence and statistics on army numbers, an open letter to Hughes from Sir Thomas Henley, and the League's pamphlet Australia's defence.
Subjects include defence of Australia; defence policy and national unity.
Subjects include defence of Australia; League of Nations and world peace.
Subjects include defence of Australia and the defence forces.
Subjects include defence of Australia and the threat of war.
Subjects include the political situation in Europe; the Stresa conference; League of Nations and re-armament.
Mainly cuttings from May 1935 and May 1938. Subjects include the political situation in Europe; the Stresa conference; League of Nations and re-armament.
Mainly cuttings from March-May 1935. Subjects include the political situation in Europe; the Stresa conference; League of Nations and re-armament.
Mainly cuttings from March 1935. Subjects include the political situation in Europe; the Stresa conference; League of Nations and re-armament.
Subjects include defence policy and the political situation in Europe.
Includes Department of Defence Estimates of expenditu re and papers relating to the Australian Defence League.
Includes information requested by Hughes regarding the raising of the militia forces to 70,000.
Material relating to the militia recruitment campaign.
Mainly relating to the militia recruitment campaign.
Cuttings relating to the militia recruitment campaign.
Miscellaneous material relating to the militia recruitment campaign.
Also includes a leaflet Keep Australia safe!: 70,000 men to keep 7,000,000 people free.
This subseries consists of letters, notes, speeches, newscuttings and printed material on the following subjects: broadcasting and the ABC Bill, 1932; Commonwealth Steamship Line; conciliation and arbitration; the Depression and the economy including Sir Otto Niemeyer's report; Federal/State relations; immigration; government and politics; wireless installation on small ships and the Navigation Bill (1935); New States Movement and the Royal Commission; northern development; power alcohol; referenda, 1919-1932; sugar; trade and tariffs and the Ottawa Agreement and the Welsh National Temple of Peace and Health.
Includes a copy of the bill to establish the Australian Broadcasting Commission (1932).
Includes copies of Sir Otto Niemeyer' s report : bond or free : reply by W. M. Hughes (c.1932) and other material related to this report and the economy during this period.
Includes material on Sir Otto Niemeyer's visit to Australia and the Australian economy.
Includes various memoranda and weekly briefings produced by Irvine Douglas, Publicity Officer, Prime Minister's Department.
File also includes some loose leaf election flyers for the UAP Party.
Includes papers on the Navigation Bill, 1935.
Includes papers on the Navigation Bill, 1935 and a copy of the Navigatio n Act 1912-1926.
Includes copy of pamphlet Unification proposals ... also objections to proposals and an explanatio n of the New State Movement .... 
Includes report by Donald Thompson 'Interim general report of preliminary expedition to Arnhem Land, Northern Territory of Australia, 1935-1936' (1936).
Also includes report by George Treloar 'Nile of Australia: the case for the utilisation of the Darling River and its tributaries' (March 1933).
Includes a copy of Proposed power alcohol industry: in its direct relation to the sugar industry of Australia.
Includes a copy of Reports of the Sugar Inquiry Committe e, 1931.
Includes printed material on the Shrine.
Mainly printed material and newscuttings. Includes a newscutting dated 1948.
The Bruce-Page Government had been troubled throughout 1926-1929 by industrial disputes, particularly in the transport and coal industries, and, frustrated by the failure of conferences, arbitration, prosecutions and de-registrations to settle them, in August 1929, Bruce introduced a Maritime Industries Bill abandoning federal arbitration powers to the States. The Bill was defeated in committee by the Labor Party, the committee chairman's abstaining from voting, and a small band of Nationalist backbenchers led by Hughes. He naturally lost party preselection at the subsequent House of Representative election, but enough North Sydney branches worked to ensure his re-election as an Independent Nationalist.
The papers in this series document the part Hughes played in the events that forced the election, and the campaign both in North Sydney and generally. It is arranged into two subseries.
This subseries is devoted to Hughes' campaign in North Sydney, its organisation, and the campaign of his opponents. There is correspondence between Hughes and his supporters, letters from his campaign director Eric Birks, copies of some of Birks' own correspondence, memoranda with other organisers such as H. V. Howe and H. Gilchrist, lists of helpers and scrutineers, financial records of Birks' activities, and letters drafted for members of North Sydney branches of the National Party intended for H. W. Horsfield concerning Hughes' failure to gain party preselection.
The subseries also has examples of the contestants' electoral propaganda. These include Hughes' circular letter to electors, and the various leaflets and posters distributed for Hughes, the official National Party candidate Dr L. W. Nott, the ALP candidate C. G. Banko, and the Socialist Party candidate E. E. Judd. There are also some letters by Claude McKay and A. T. Shakespeare about Nott, and some newscuttings.
Includes some printed statistical returns from the 1925 elections.
Includes a scrapbook of the activities of the Willoughby Committee compiled by Wallace Gilchrist (Secretary) and a list of campaign committee members and helpers.
Includes election brochures, flyers, how to vote cards, posters, reprints of addresses by Hughes and newscuttings relating to the election.
Includes comments on Nationalism during the election campaign.
Folder titled 'Notes used by W. M. Hughes during 1929 campaign'.
Includes lists of campaign helpers, volunteers and other campaign details.
This subseries begins with correspondence between Hughes and the other rebel Nationalists E.A. Mann, Walter Marks, Littleton Groom, George Maxwell, W. J. McWilliams, and P. G. Stewart. Other papers include letters from A. W. Steward and Sir John Quick and unions and associations about the Conciliation and Arbitration Act and the Maritime Industries Bill.
There are some leaflets and campaign literature published by the parties, individuals and interest groups, including items issued by Mann, Marks and Groom, the Public Service Arbitration Campaign Defence Committee, the Australasian Council of Trade Unions, the Blacksmiths' Society of Australasia, and the State Instrumentalities Unions Committee. Eleven folders of newscuttings on the election complete the subseries.
Mainly speeches by Latham and Bruce.
Also includes three copies of the Maritime Industries Bill, 1929.
Includes speeches by Latham and Bruce on the Conciliation and Arbitration Bill; other miscellaneous pamphlets and leaflets on the arbitration system and some election campaign material.
Subjects include conciliation and arbitration and the Maritime Industries Bill (1929).
Having been expelled from the National Party, Hughes formed a new political party, the Australian Party, soon after the October 1929 election, from those now tired of the main parties, some disaffected Nationalists and another new party, the Australian Peoples Party. Due largely to Hughes' autocratic methods and lack of money, the Australian Party lasted for little more than a year, and fought only one election, the New South Wales State election of October 1930. A full account of the party can be found in P. B. Westaway's 'The Australian Party formed by William Morris Hughes, 1929-30' (B.Ec. Honours thesis, University of Sydney, 1956).
The series comprises Hughes' correspondence with people wishing to join his party, with branch secretaries and officials and some former Nationalists like Maxwell and Marks. There are also papers on the first annual convention (April 1930), notes for speeches, drafts of the constitution, lists of branch secretaries, press statements by several officials who left the party, some leaflets and cuttings, and a minute book of the Publicity and Propaganda Committee of the State Councils.
Material on the October 1930 New South Wales State election is in Series 28, and papers on Hughes' pamphlet Bond or free, which caused serious resentment among some important Australian Party members have been placed in the Depression file of Series 32.
Correspondence March-October 1930. Includes a misfiled letter dated 16 October 1931.
Includes a minute book of the Publicity and Propaganda Committee.
Also includes a program, standing orders and agenda of the 1st Annual Convention of the Australian Party held in Sydney, 22-26 April 1930.
Includes notes on the party platform and objectives.
Also includes an alphabetical index of people interested in the Australian Party.
Also includes a copy of the Party constitution and rules for the NSW Division (folio 24) and general policy (folio 25).
Includes notes on the ideals and aims of the Australia Party.
Also includes a photograph of Hughes and other party members (no caption details or date).
Includes an Australian Party policy speech delivered by Hughes in the Lane Cove Theatre, 24 September 1930.
Printed items includes copies of the party platform, constitution and manifesto, how to vote cards and other election material.
The bulk of Series 35 relates to two events in Hughes' life connected with the League of Nations in the 1930s. Other League papers are in Series 16, 24, and 42. The first is his 1932 overseas trip, intended to be a holiday, which ended with Hughes partnering Bruce at Geneva as one of Australia's delegates to the Thirteenth General Assembly of the League. The other concerns his scepticism of the League's ability to prevent war and especially of sanctions - a view included in his Australia and war today (Angus & Robertson, 1935) which led to his sacking from the Lyons Government late in 1935.
While in Naples on his way to England with his wife and daughter Helen, Hughes received a cable from Lyons requesting his attendance at Geneva. Between July and September he holidayed in England and Scotland, was in Geneva and Paris in September and October, and by December was back in Australia. Hughes was acting leader of the delegation for most of the proceedings because Bruce was detained in London on business, and a member of three Assembly committees. Sir Donald Cameron, Professor Fred Alexander and Dr Lucy Osborne were also members of the delegation.
All of the letters in the collection that Hughes received between June and December 1932 can be found in this subseries. In addition, there are drafts of speeches, League publications, cuttings, some dinner programs, an engagement diary, and copies of some of Hughes' own letters. The latter includes a long letter to Claude McKay summing up his feelings at the end of the Assembly. There is also a record of a conversation about mandates that Hughes had with the French Prime Minister, Edouard Herriot and some photographs of a wreath-laying ceremony at Port Said (November 1932).
Includes a small pocket engagement diary (July-October 1932).
Includes newscuttings, notes, order of service and photographs of the unveiling of the Australian and New Zealand Memorial at Port Said, Egypt, 23 November 1932.
Also includes an overseas driver's licence issued to Hughes in London (August 1932-August 1933).
League of Nations report Appeal by the Chinese Government: report of the Commission of Enquiry (2 copies).
League of Nation reports: Review of the Economic Councils in the different countries of the world ; International Labour Conference, Sixteenth Session, Geneva, 1932 report of the Director and Records of the Thirteenth Ordinary Session of the Assembly...
Also includes 'Notes on the International Labour Office'.
Various reports from League of Nation meetings.
Also includes a copy of League of Nations Thirteenth Assembly, 26 September to 17 October 1932: report of the Australian delegation.
The publication of Australia and war today coincided with the second reading debate of Pearce's Sanctions Bill. As Hughes' stand on the uselessness of sanctions directed by the League against Italy contradicted those of his leader, he was asked to resign (letter, 1 November 1935). Subseries 2 covers these events and comprises correspondence that includes letters from Lyons, L. S. Amery and Professor A. H. Charteris, speeches and notes, and cuttings of reviews and editorials.
Reviews of Hughes' publication.
Includes a telegram from Lyons asking for Hughes' resignation.
Subjects include Hughes' publication; the request from Lyons for his resignation and the international political situation including League of Nation sanctions against Italy.
This subseries is a mixture of letters, circulars, speeches and printed material relating in some way to the League. It includes a paper by R. G. Watt titled '1933-Chaos or recovery; where are the nations heading' (typescript, 1933), some Australian League of Nations Union circulars, the report of the Australian delegation to the Sixth Assembly (1925); some International Labour Organisation reports and journal issues reporting on the Thirteenth Assembly (1932) and the Conference for the Reduction and Limitation of Armaments.
Various issues of Journal of the Thirteenth Session of the Assembly and of the Conference for the Reduction and Limitation of Arms.
Following his support for a 'No Confidence' vote against Scullin in March 1931, Hughes accepted Latham's invitation to join a new coalition of non-Labour organisations formed under J. A. Lyons and called the United Australia Party (UAP). When Lyons died in April 1939 Hughes was narrowly defeated by Menzies for party leadership and became Deputy Leader. This decision was reversed in a ballot taken after Curtin's accession to power in October 1941, and Hughes remained UAP Leader and Deputy Leader of the Opposition until his resignation following the August 1943 General Election. During 1941-1943 there was disagreement in the Party over Curtin's legislation on uniform taxation and compulsory military service and open clashes with a group of sixteen led by Menzies called the National Service Group. After the 1943 Election Hughes remained as Deputy Leader to Menzies until April 1944, when he was expelled for refusing to accept a UAP decision to withdraw from the Advisory War Council.
This small series almost entirely relates to the period 1941-1943. Other UAP material is in Series 3, Series 28 (especially the 1943 election file) and Series 46. Series 36 consists of letters, telegrams, notes, press statements, reports, circulars and speeches and broadcasts, and mainly refers to the formulation of joint UAP-Country Party (CP) policy and Menzies' actions as National Service Group leader and his criticism of UAP-CP policies.
There are letters from people requesting advice about standing for UAP preselection, letters about policy addressed to Hughes as UAP leader or as Deputy Leader of the Opposition, and letters from such people as Fadden, George McLeay, H. W. Horsfield, Jos Francis, Percy Spender, Gwen Wilson, Lindley Walker, Allan Guy, N. Whitefield and UAP branch secretaries. The speeches include several referring to the disloyalty of Menzies including two that were published, Mr Menzies and unity (April 1943) and Tragedy of party strife (July 1943).
Includes a copy of the preliminary agenda for the annual general convention, 1933.
Includes a copy of Hughes broadcast Mr Menzies and unity (6 April 1943).
Includes a copy of Hughes broadcast Tragedy of Party strife (13 July 1943).
In a Cabinet reshuffle following the September 1934 election Lyons appointed Hughes Minister for Health and Minister for Repatriation. Apart from some congratulatory letters which are in Series 3, all of the papers on the former portfolio in the collection are in Series 37. They consist of letters, telegrams, memoranda and copies of cables, notes for speeches and broadcasts, some Cabinet papers, transcripts of meetings with deputations, newscuttings, printed material, and Letters Patent.
There are numerous letters and minutes from the Director-General of Health, Dr H. L. C. Cumpston, and other letters from Dr A. Watson Munroe, Roland Wilson, the Registered Nurses Association, the Tasmanian Women's Association, the Australian Mothercraft Society, and State Premiers writing in response to Hughes' request for information on State welfare schemes. The notes of deputations record Hughes' meetings with groups such as the Health Defence Association, and the Queensland Ambulance Transport Brigade, and are concerned with such diverse subjects as the establishment of a Medical Research Council and the importation of horses from India.
The series as a whole concentrates on Hughes' concern at Australia's high infant and maternal mortality and morbidity rates, and his campaign to raise money for the King George and Queen Mary Jubilee Memorial Fund. Other subjects covered include the Canberra Hospital, the Food for Babies Fund, the Stewart House Preventorium Fund, physical fitness, milk for schools, medical research, heart disease, malnutrition, tuberculosis, and the Therapeutic Substances Bill.
Includes a typescript report on the activities of the Department of Health, 1 July 1932-30 June 1933 prepared by Dr J. H. L. Cumpston.
Includes copies of the Therapeutic Substances Bill, 1937.
Various journal articles on medical issues.
Includes a copy of Save our mothers, an appeal by Hughes relating to the establishment of the Jubilee Memorial Fund.
Cover title 'Maternal and infant mortality'.
Cover title 'Health'.
This small series contains the few papers in the collection on the other portfolio Hughes was allocated in 1934, Repatriation. It is made up of notes of discussions between Hughes and various deputations some memoranda and handwritten notes of several cabinet decisions, a group of letters and replies and memoranda on Percy Deane's membership of the War Pensions Entitlement Appeal Tribunal (WPEAT), an album of newscuttings and Letters Patent.
The deputations concern submissions from such groups as the United Council of Ex Servicemen Associations of Queensland, the T. B. Sailors' and Soldiers' Association of Australia and the Limbless Soldiers' Association concerning new war pensions legislation enacted during Hughes' term as Minister for Repatriation.
The series also covers several personnel matters. They concern Percy Deane's request for leave and ultimate resignation as the Government's nominee on the WPEAT, the Chairmanship of the Repatriation Commission (1935), and the problem of a temporary replacement of N. R. Mighell while on leave. The series has little correspondence, but does include letters from Lieut-Col A. W. Ralston, N. R. Mighell, H. V. C. Thorby, O. H. Connell, Percy Deane, Dr T. E. Green, and Eric N. Birks.
Only seven pages of this album have been used.
In the third Menzies government, formed after the September 1940 general election, Hughes replaced A. G. Cameron as the Minister for the Navy, and retained this responsibility under Fadden's prime ministership until the latter was replaced by Curtin in October 1941. Papers on the Navy portfolio form this series; papers relating to the War Advisory Council from this period are in Series 46.
Most of these papers are Hughes' correspondence with members of the public, organisations, and parliamentarians seeking information about individuals in the Navy, offering suggestions and requesting to join-up. The remainder consists of minutes, from the Departmental Secretary (A. R. Nankervis), the Secretary of the Naval Board (G. L. Macandie), and the First Naval Member (Sir Ragnar Colvin). In addition, there are notes from the Department of Defence Coordination forwarding War Cabinet agenda, minutes, reports, and cables, reports from the Chief of the Naval Staff, and notes of deputations from such bodies as the Merchant Service Guild and the Maritime Transport Council concerning the sinking of merchant ships. Press statements, notes and statistics for speeches, and some Letters Patent complete the series.
NB. On the document the date 1941 has been overtyped to become 1942(?) but by this time the Curtin government had replaced Fadden.
Hughes was appointed Minister for Territories in the cabinet reshuffle following the October 1937 General Election, and was replaced by J. A. Perkins after holding the portfolio for just under a year. During his term, decisions were made to remove the administrative capital of New Guinea from Rabaul and to investigate alternatives, and to build a road from Wau to Salamaua. Lyons recognised Hughes' interest in the strategic importance of Papua New Guinea and in the completion of these projects, and gave him permission (letter of 6 January 1939) to continue work with Perkins' replacement Eric Harrison. He was also kept informed of developments until early 1941 by J. R. Halligan of the Territories Branch of the Prime Minister's Department.
Papers in the collection on Australia's external territories, especially New Guinea, 1935-1940, form this series. It comprises correspondence, minutes, reports, telegrams, cabinet papers, press releases, some newscuttings, a typescript diary, and some printed items. The subject coverage is confined mainly to those already mentioned. The series documents the decision to leave Rabaul, with reports by vulcanologists and seismologists, and the reaction of local residents and organisations like the New Guinea Mining Association to the suggestion that the new capital be Salamaua. The draft and printed report of Brigadier-General Thomas Griffiths on the alternative sites is also here.
Other areas covered by this series are the proposed joint administration of Papua and New Guinea and the reactions of Sir Hubert Murray and the inquiry chaired by F. W. Eggleston, oil prospecting legislation, and an air service to New Guinea. There is also a copy of Jack Hides report of a Strickland-Purari Patrol (1935), a small file on Nauru, and a typed diary and some photographs covering Hughes trip to New Guinea in May-June 1938. In addition to many memoranda to Hughes from R. J. Halligan and copies of reports to Halligan from Sir Walter Ramsay McNicoll, the series has letters and telegrams from H. T. Allen, Charles Marr, Alex Rentoul, W. R. Carpenter, Sir Thomas Griffiths, Sir Charles Rosenthal, J. A. Lyons, R. G. Menzies and George Pearce.
Includes a report by Jack Hides on the 'Strickland-Purari patrol' (27 July 1935).
Material relating to a visit to Papua and New Guinea, May-June 1938.
Includes a report of the Committee appointed to investigate a new site for the administrative headquarters of the Mandated Territory of New Guinea.
Copy of 'Report of Committee appointed to investigate new site for the Administrative Headquarters of the Mandated Territory of New Guinea' (April 1938).
Includes a copy of Notes on the suggested combination of the administration of Papua and New Guinea by Sir Hubert Murray.
Copy of 'Report of Committee appointed to survey the possibility of establishing a combined administration of the Territories of Papua and New Guinea and to make a recommendation as to a capital site'.
Mainly relating to the Salamaua-Wau road.
Includes maps of the Salamaua-Wau road; the Bulolo and Watut areas showing goldfields and a map of Papua and New Guinea and New Britain showing seismic activity.
Also includes copies of reports on the removal of headquarters from Rabaul and the selection of a new site. (Most duplicate material found in previous folders in this series).
Also includes material on air and mail services between Australia and New Guinea.
Hughes was appointed Minister for Industry in November 1938 and held this responsibility until the cabinet reshuffle a month after the September 1940 general election.
The series contains only a few papers including letters from the Australian Power Alcohol and Liquid Fuel League, Hume Cook, the Wool Repackers Association, Maritime Transport Council employees, temperance groups, G. Buckland and J. Cranwell. The subjects covered are shipbuilding, industrial trouble at a small arms factory in Lithgow, ship cargo lifting equipment and government subsidisation of the wine industry. Letters Patent appointing Hughes to this ministerial folio and a leather document wallet for signing papers complete the series.
Comprises Folder 1 and Folios 1-4.
Hughes was one of a rapid succession of ministers responsible for the Department of External Affairs following its re-establishment in 1935. He replaced Sir George Pearce in November 1937, held it during the brief Page Government appointed after Lyons' death, and was replaced by Sir Henry Gullett in the first Menzies Government of April 1939.
Letters, cables, memoranda, reports, cabinet papers, newscuttings, printed material and documents on this portfolio in the collection constitute Series 42. It consists principally of cables, memoranda, letters and reports, often being circulated copies of communications addressed to the Prime Minister or the Department Secretary. The correspondents include the various Secretaries of State for Dominion Affairs, Alfred Stirling, Keith Officer, Colonel W. R. Hodgson, John Hood, J. A. Lyons, Longfield Lloyd, and the Japanese and Chinese Consuls-General Wakamatsa and C. J. Pao.
The cabinet papers are agenda and refer to the International Labour Organisation, the granting of credits to the Spanish Government to purchase Australian wheat, oil concessions, and the League of Nations. Other subjects covered in Series 42 include the Senate Standing Committee on External and Territorial Affairs, the British Commonwealth Relations Conference (1938), the British diplomatic staff, and Hughes' criticism of the Dominions Office (August 1935).
Includes a copy of 'Summary of proceedings of Council of Defence meeting, 17th December, 1937'.
Also includes an article by Hughes entitled 'Australia in relation to world affairs'.
Includes a draft copy of 'Summary of proceedings of Council of Defence meeting, 24 February 1938'.
Also includes a paper titled 'Defence of Australia' presented at the British Commonwealth Relations Conference, 1938.
Includes a list of cables by number and date.
Includes Cabinet agenda papers.
Item is inscribed with Hughes' name and 'Minister for External Affairs'.
Hughes was appointed Attorney-General by Menzies in the government he formed following the death of Lyons and remained so until Curtin replaces Menzies in October 1941. Series 43 contains all the relevant material in the Hughes Papers on the various responsibilities of this portfolio, and has been sorted into three subseries, General Papers, Industrial papers and Security papers. The following series, Series 44, is also related to Hughes' actions as Attorney-eneral.
The material in this subseries consists basically of letters written to the Attorney-General, and copies of the subsequent correspondence - usually beginning with a letter from Hughes' secretary Malcolm Booker to the Department Secretary. This correspondence refers to the use of the National Security Regulations against individuals such as Thomas Ratcliffe and organisations such as the Jehovah's Witnesses, to the search of homes and the confiscation of literature, and to the imprisonment of Mrs P. Johnston. The main correspondents are unions, branches of the Australian Labor Party, and the Australian Council for Civil Liberties.
Letters containing allegations of 'subversion' or examples of 'subversive' literature that were forwarded by Hughes of his secretary to the Department Secretary are also in this subseries. It also has minutes from Sir George Knowles and J. G. Castieu about subjects like the powers of sentries to fire on or arrest suspected persons, patent and copyright legislation, government employees engaged in communist activities, the National Security (Land Transfer) Regulations, and moratorium legislation. Hughes' several Letters Patent commissioning him as Attorney-General are also located here.
Includes a copy of the judgement in the flour tax case.
Includes a copy of a pamphlet Makings of an Australian manifesto by J. H. Rhodes.
Includes an issue of Rail Road, 25 March, 1941 and extracts from newspapers relating to Lloyd Ross.
On the document the date 1941 has been overtyped to become 1942? But by this time the Curtin government had replaced Fadden.
This subseries relates to Hughes concern for industrial disputes, amendments to the Conciliation and Arbitration Act, applications for work as Peace Officers and Industrial Inspectors, and reports like Justice Ferguson's on pensions for coalminers (1940) and Senator A. N. Macdonald's on employment on the waterfront (1939). The disputes referred to include the metal workers strike at the Broken Hill Proprietary Ltd, the builders strike in Darwin, several waterfront stoppages, a gas workers dispute and the question of a picking-up place for the Members of Painters and Dockers Union.
Letters to Hughes as Attorney-General on industrial matters are from J. Healey, John Curtin, J. S. Collings, H. Holt, G. R. Richards, J. Indehope, G. D. Williams, C. Macdonald, Justice George Beeby and from Hughes' secretary. Further papers on unions, such as intelligence reports, are filed in the following subseries.
Various reports relating to an investigation into conditions on the waterfront in Queensland ports, May 1939 and at Port Kembla, NSW.
Subjects include the use of refugees and migrants as 'sweat' labour and wage conditions.
Includes material relating to the Commonwealth Conciliation and Arbitration Bill 1939 and a strike in Darwin.
Includes some transcripts of proceedings from the Royal Commission into pensions for coal miners compulsorily retired at 60 years of age.
Under the powers of the National Security (Subversive Associations) Regulations the Government had the power to ban organisations whose activities it regarded as 'prejudicial to the defence of the Commonwealth or the efficient conduct of the war'. The Attorney-General was informed of the actions of such groups as the Communist Party of Australia (CPA) by his department's Investigation Branch, and this subseries includes reports and letters on rallies at the Sydney Domain, public meetings and weekly summaries of industrial news.
There are references to the Easter Festival of Drama, the Australian Peace Pledge Union, the CPA, the No Conscription Campaign Committee, the Air Raid Precaution Committee, the Congress Against Conscription and for the Defence of Australia, the Jehovah's Witnesses, Friends of the Soviet Union, Australian Labour League of Youth, Australian Youth Council, Think Australia Movement, Congress for Friendship and Aid to the Soviet Union and the British Soviet Friendship League.
In addition to reports, there are a number of cabinet papers, committee reports and cables documenting the reorganisation of the administration of internal security, letters containing information about 'subversive' organisations referred to the Investigation Branch and letters from men requesting work as investigation officers. The main correspondents are Colonel H. Jones, Longfield Lloyd, Sir George Knowles, Major Ware and D. B. Mitchell.
Includes examples of articles and magazines of organisations under the scrutiny of the government.
Includes a report on Edward Conrad Englart of the Waterside Workers' Federation.
Includes a copy of 'Report of Inter-departmental Committee on Organization of National Security Intelligence' (February 1939).
Includes issues of Freedom's Voice, Tribune and Communist Review.
In February 1940 the War Cabinet commissioned Hughes to organise a campaign to counter communist influence within the trade unions. Funds were allocated subject only to check by the Attorney-General. Hughes worked through the Australian Democratic Front (ADF), a body with little public support and little organisation, but with two very active officials, Organising Secretary J. T. Barnes and President George Christie. The Front did little more than arrange broadcasts for Hughes and distribute anti-communist pamphlets. Some of the funds allocated to the ADF were used to finance a tour in 1940 of strike bound coalfields by Charles Nelson, President of the Miners' Federation, and was passed to Nelson through an intermediary, the journalist Joseph Hinkler. Late in 1941, following allegations of bribery of union officials, Curtin appointed a Royal Commission to enquire into the 'secret funds' affair. Sir Percival Halse Rogers was the only Commissioner. Hughes was found guilty, in Fitzhardinge's opinion, of 'carelessness' and 'errors of judgment'.
Material in the collection on both the ADF and the Royal Commission forms Series 44. There is correspondence between Hughes and D. R. Mitchell of the Investigation Branch, and Hughes and Christie, a draft constitution, reports from Christie and Barnes, material on communism in the unions, and reports by Mitchell on the communists' reaction to the establishment of the Front. The bulk of the papers on the Royal Commission consists of transcripts of evidence. There are also draft statements by Hughes, Rogers' report, statements by G. A. Watson and the Department, cuttings on the inquiry, and correspondence between Hughes and well-wishers following the tabling of the report.
Includes a pamphlet containing Hughes' speech Call to the nation.
Mainly papers from 1941.
Includes report entitled Royal Commission to inquire into circumstances under which certain public moneys were used, and to whom, and for what purposes such moneys were paid, etc.
Also includes 4 folders (Pts 1-4) entitled 'Communism in Australia: material for the Royal Commission'. Part 4 contains samples of anti-war propaganda literature.
Consists of three folders (Parts 5-7) entitled 'Communism in Australia: material for the Royal Commission'. Subjects include strikes; coal strike of 1940 and counter propaganda.
Material on communism and various pamphlets produced by the ADF.
Also includes 3 folders (Parts 10-12) entitled 'Communism in Australia: material for the Royal Commission'.
Transcripts for 10 and 14 October.
Transcripts for 15-17 October.
Transcripts for 20-21October.
Transcripts for 22 and 24 October and 10 November.
Transcripts for 11-13 November.
Material relating to the Royal Commission.
Includes Communist Party material and leaflets and broadcasts issued by the ADF.
Includes material on the ADF and communism.
Papers in the collection of a general nature which came to Hughes while a Member of Parliament between 1934 and 1942 and while a member of the Lyons, Page, Menzies and Fadden Governments have been brought together to form Series 45. Papers on specific portfolios are in Series 37-Series 43, and papers on Hughes the parliamentarian are in Series 28, Series 29 and Series 47. This series has been divided into four parts: Correspondence; Cabinet papers; Cables; and Deputations and reports.
This subseries is Hughes' correspondence with individuals and organisations asking him to represent a cause or grievance in cabinet or with a fellow minister. For the earlier years, 1934-1938, the subseries is arranged by year of correspondence. The much greater volume of correspondence for the early war years, mainly 1940-1941, is further arranged alphabetically by correspondent (at this stage only to the letter of the correspondent's name). Most of this has the name written on the top right hand corner of the correspondence suggesting this was the way it was filed.
The subseries also has letters from a wide range of people including Francis Birtles, Mary Gilmore, and P. G. Taylor, forwarding suggestions, often inventions, for use in the war effort. Requests for release from the Army, the release of internees, an interview, the abolition of wet canteens, increased pensions, and employment are also common. Copies of letters addressed to the Prime Minister and circulated to his ministers are also filed here, as are letters and telegrams advising of the dates and times of cabinet and cabinet committee meetings.
Some of the specific request letters are from Kingsford Smith on the need for government support for an Australia-New Zealand air service proposal, L. J. Hartnett on tariffs and the representation of manufacturers interests in Australia, Mrs W. Sealby on the search for Kingsford Smith, R. M. Pontey on the manufacture of typewriters, and H. Gordon Bennett on his wish to be promoted to Lieutenant-General.
Includes a proposal for the development of air services between Australia and New Zealand by the Trans-Tasman Air Service Development Company Limited.
Files arranged alphabetically: A.
Files arranged alphabetically: B.
Files arranged alphabetically: C.
Files arranged alphabetically: D.
Files arranged alphabetically: E-F.
Files arranged alphabetically: G.
Files arranged alphabetically: H.
Files arranged alphabetically: I-J.
Files arranged alphabetically: K.
Files arranged alphabetically: L.
Files arranged alphabetically: L-M.
Files arranged alphabetically: M.
Files arranged alphabetically: N.
Files arranged alphabetically: 0-P.
Files arranged alphabetically: P-Q.
Files arranged alphabetically: R.
Files arranged alphabetically: S.
Files arranged alphabetically: S-T.
Files arranged alphabetically: U-V.
Files arranged alphabetically: W.
Files arranged alphabetically: W-Z.
This subseries contains a variety of Cabinet papers Hughes received that did not relate to his own portfolios. It covers topics like the war, defence, power, alcohol, oil and the iron ore industry, the appointment of a Commonwealth Actuary, press censorship, producer gas, newsprint rationing, a proposal that Australian National Airways carry mail, aircraft production in Australia, Jewish immigration, the Australian Broadcasting Commission, housing for munitions workers, national insurance, Youth Parliament and tables of precedence. There are also references to cabinet subcommittees on preference for returned soldiers, the New Hebrides and the League of Nations. Memoranda from F. Strahan about Cabinet meetings are also filed in this subseries.
Subjects include the Canadian-Australasian Line Ltd; 40 hour week; reform of the League Covenant and the New Hebrides.
Subjects include provident scheme for members of Commonwealth Parliament; freedom of speech; appointment of Commonwealth Actuary and iron ore at Yampi Sound.
Subjects include national health insurance; broadcasting; air services and tables of precedence and youth employment.
Subjects include petrol rationing; employment of returned soldiers; newsprint and paper rationing; iron and steel resources and various War cabinet agenda.
Subjects include coastal shipping; Jewish immigration; wheat; butter; post-war reconstruction and various War Cabinet agenda.
Subjects include the Australian Broadcasting Commission; an agreement for airmail services and a report of the Anglo-Dutch-Australian Conference at Singapore, February 1941.
Subjects include housing for munitions workers. Most of the rest of the file is War Cabinet agenda.
Mainly War Cabinet agenda.
Includes a report of the Western Australian War Industries Committee and various War Cabinet agenda.
Hughes received copies of many cables from overseas in his capacity as a member of the War Cabinet. Those in the collection have been put in date order and constitute this subseries. They originate from the various Secretaries of State for Dominion Affairs, the Australian High Commissioner and External Affairs Officer in London, and the Australian Ministers in Washington and Tokyo.
This subseries is a mixture of papers on deputations to Hughes seeking his support for proposals when up for consideration by cabinet, and various reports received either as a member of the War Cabinet or as a matter of 'For information' or courtesy. The subjects covered include amendments to the Commonwealth Railways Act (May, 1936), Army contracts and the Abbco Bread Company Ltd (1941), the erection of a shelter and toolshed at Erskine and Lee Lanes (1937), the Kyeema crash (1938), a matter concerning the Authors as Artists Section of the Australian Journalists Associations (1940) and munitions production (1941).
Subjects include employment conditions of Brisbane waterside workers; trade policy and the Ottawa Agreement; amendments to the Commonwealth Railways Act and the Kyeema air disaster report.
Subjects include the administration of the Civil Aviation Board; the import of overseas press copy and drawings and the Department of the Interior, Works and Services Branch.
Subjects include munitions production in Australia and the supply of bread to the Department of the Army by Abbco Bread Company Pty Ltd.
The Advisory War Council (AWC) was established by Menzies under the National Security (Advisory War Council) Regulations in October 1940, and abolished in August 1945. Hughes was a member throughout, with the exception of a brief period early in 1944 when he temporarily obeyed a United Australia Party ruling that its representatives withdraw from the Council. On Curtin's request, he returned in April 1944, and was expelled from a political party for the third time in his career. All of the AWC material in the collection is in Series 46.
This subseries contains papers Hughes received as a Council member such as the Australian Military Forces weekly intelligence reviews, intelligence summaries by the AHQ and GHQ, Department of External Affairs fortnightly political intelligence summaries, reports by the Combined Operational Intelligence Centre, copies of War Cabinet agenda, minutes and summaries of decisions, weekly progress reports by the Chiefs of Staff, deciphered cables from the Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs, and AWC agenda.
There is also a small amount of correspondence. It refers mainly to dates for AWC meetings, but includes letters on the decision to join the Council in October 1940 and to return in April 1944. The Letters Patent commissioning Hughes as a member and a group photo of the Council are also in this subseries. Papers are arranged in chronological order according to the month of the date of the document.
Includes a chart titled 'RAAF development: growth and distribution by area commands' (1940).
Includes a report on 'Lidcome aircraft engine factory' by A. W. Fadden.
Also includes a pass for entry to Victoria Barracks, Melbourne and a pass for various facilities of the Department of Munitions.
Includes a report by Sir Earle Page on malaria.
Includes report 'Australia and the refugee: a record and an appeal to the Australian people.
File includes an envelope containing extracts of cables which are mostly undated except for one for 1 February 1944.
First and second reports on 'Political welfare against Japan - report on Australian activities'.
This small group of papers refers to Hughes' charges in August 1942 of complacency against the military following the Japanese landings at Buna and Gona. His statement was heavily censored for overseas transmissions and led to counter-charges by Curtin that he was using classified information of a pending attack in the Solomon Islands gained as a AWC member. A debate over censorship ensued and led to Sir Warwick Fairfax's resignation from the Press Censorship Advisory Committee. The sub-series contains a small collection of letters, drafts of speeches, press releases and cuttings on the affair.
The series contains all of the correspondence in the collection that Hughes conducted with individuals and organisations outside his electorate between October 1941 and September 1952 requesting that he represent a particular cause or grievance. It has been arranged in date order by final or latest date with undated letters placed last. Only some of this material has the name of the correspondent written on the top right-hand corner and it is assumed most was originally not filed in alphabetical order.
As with Series 29 and Series 30, most of the correspondence consists of an initial request letter attached to a copy of Hughes' 'action' letter, usually to a minister, a copy of the minister's reply, and a thank-you letter to Hughes. The nature of the request is similar to those in Series 30, but in addition there are many letters protesting about the policies of Curtin and Chifley - rationing, tax laws, immigration policy, the bank bills, pensions, and the difficulties of buying a home.
Hughes' copy of letters sent to all parliamentarians are also in Series 47. They include for example resolutions passed by associations, circulars from the Australian Branch of the Empire Parliamentary Association, telegrams containing funeral arrangements following the death of Senator R. V. Keane (1946), some evidence presented to the Parliamentary Committee on War Profits, and circulars from the Joint House Department. There is also a draft statement of condolence by Hughes on the death of Curtin.
Includes correspondence with attached references dated 1932.
Includes correspondence with attached references dated from 1913-1934.
Correspondence with F. E. Dixon including a note on city planning and housing dated 1936.