Guide to the Collections held by the Kent Archives Office (as filmed by the AJCP)



National Library of Australia View Catalogue Record

Created: 2019

Collection Summary

Kent Archives Office
Collections held by the Kent Archives Office (as filmed by the AJCP)
Date Range
1768 - 1945
Collection Number
92 items
Language of Materials
Australian Joint Copying Project
The Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP) online portal was created with the assistance of the Australian Public Service Modernisation Fund, 2017-2020. The National Library of Australia gratefully acknowledges the contribution of the other foundation AJCP partners, the State Library of New South Wales and The National Archives of the UK, and all other organisations which supported the work of the AJCP, the world's most extensive collaborative copying project, operating from 1948 to 1997.


Scope and Contents

Material filmed by the Australian Joint Copying Project includes:

Records 1805-53 of Maidstone Gaol: Convict Book 1805-1833 and Calendar of prisoners, with details of prisoners sentenced to transportation.

Notebook 1773-1774 of Rev. J.E. Gambier describing meeting with Omai and customs of South Sea Islanders.

Papers 1827-1852 of merchant and banker George W. Norman. They refer to: Australian Agricultural Co; abuses of New South Wales courts; Sir Thomas Brisbane; shortage of provisions in the Swan River Colony; Thomas Peel; Maori War; export of Australian wool and wine; Irish economic problems; and Irish emigration. Correspondents include Archdeacon T.H. Scott, James and Edward Macarthur.

Papers of Sir Henry E. Dering, concerning his service with Third Australian Division in 1916-1917. Correspondents include Sir William Birdwood and General J. Monash.

Correspondence 1848-1888 of Aretas Akers-Douglas, 1st Viscount of Chilston. Subjects include governorships in Australia and New Zealand and development of Melbourne. Correspondents include Lord Knutsford and Charles S. Akers.

Papers 1795-1805 of Sir John Pratt, 2nd Earl of Camden, including letters of Lord Wellesley and W. Bligh.

Papers 1879-1886 of Holworthy Family, including letter-books of J.M. Holworthy concerning his exporting business, diary of Fred Holworthy kept on a voyage from London to Christchurch 1881, and failure of J.M. Holworthy & Co and Robart Jolley of Melbourne.

Papers 1768-1872 of Knatchbull Family of Mersham, including copies of the journals of Sir Joseph Banks kept on voyage of HMS Endeavour August 1768-July 1771, and correspondence. Correspondents are N. Vansittart, Charles Dickens, Lord Kimberley and C. van Hulthem.

Letters 1856-1883 sent to Henry Weigall of Kyneton, his wife Lady Rose Weigall and others from Henry Weigall, Selina Weigall and other members of the family in Melbourne and Kyneton, Victoria. Subjects include: Henry Weigall's work as an artist; 1878 political crisis in Victoria; 1881 Melbourne International Exhibition; bushrangers; cricket matches; and Australian churches.

Correspondence 1924-1943 of the politician James H. Thomas, Secretary of State for the Colonies 1924 and 1935-1936, and Secretary of State for the Dominions 1930-1935. It refers to the effects of depression on New Zealand, isolation of federal politicians and Imperial rationalisation and trade. Correspondents include Sir Dudley de Chair, Lord Bledisloe, Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister and Sir Alexander Hore-Ruthven.

Conditions Governing Access

Available for Access.

Conditions Governing Use

Many of the records digitised as part of the AJCP are still in copyright. Readers wishing to publish or reproduce documents should seek permission, in the first instance, from the owner of the original material.

Preferred Citation

Acknowledgement of use of this material should refer to the location of the original material and to the Australian Joint Copying Project.

Items from this collection should include references to the location of the original material and to the AJCP nla.obj number, which serves as the online identifier for the digital copy.

Example: M Series: Journal of Capt. James Cook, 18 February 1770, British Library Add. MS 27885 (AJCP ref:

Archival History

Material selectively filmed at the Kent Archives Office, Maidstone, as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project, 1983 (AJCP Reels:M1901-M1903). Original microfilm digitised as part of the AJCP Online Delivery Project, 2017-2020.

Existence and Location of Originals

Kent History and Library Centre, James Whatman Way, Maidstone, England. Formerly the Kent Archives Office.

For more information see Kent Archives Office (

Existence and Location of Copies

The original AJCP microfilm of the records filmed from this collection is available at the National Library of Australia [] as well as other institutions holding AJCP microfilm.

Finding-aid Notes

This finding aid is a revised online version of the original finding aid prepared by the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP), published by the National Library of Australia in 2018. The original AJCP finding aids were unpublished typescripts or photocopies available from libraries that held copies of the original microfilm.

Dates used in this finding aid refer to the date range of the records selected for filming rather than to the date range of the Series or Files.

Pieces that were not filmed by the Australian Joint Copying Project have not been included in this Finding Aid.

Advisory Statement

Australian Aboriginal, Maori, Pacific and Torres Strait Islander people are advised that this Finding Aid contains material and descriptive information which may be considered culturally sensitive and may cause distress, including names and images of Aboriginal, Maori, pacific and Torres Strait Islander people now deceased. This Finding Aid contains terms that reflect authors' views or those of the historical period, but which may not be considered appropriate today. While the information may not reflect current understanding, it is provided in an historical context.


Originally cited in Australian Joint Copying Project Handbook. Part 8: Miscellaneous (M) Series. Third Edition, published 1998. Entry 264, p98.

Item Descriptions

Fonds PC/M. Prison Commission. Maidstone Gaol Records, 1805 - 1853

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M1901.


Convicts; Prisons: England; Maidstone Gaol, England; Transportation: Convicts

Convict Book, 1805 - 1833 (File 1)

Register of convicts, including many sentenced to transportation, giving names, dates when payments began, where convicts were sent, and dates of removal.

Calendar of prisoners for trial at Maidstone Assizes, 1837 - 1853 (File 4)

Calendar gives names, occupations, ages, literacy, by whom and when committed, detailed offences, and sentences, including many transportation sentences.

(1 vol.)

Fonds U.23. Wykenham-Martin MSS, 1829

Filmed selectively.

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M1901.


Australia: land grants; Emigration and Immigration: paupers; Great Britain: Colonial Office;

G. Baillie (Colonial Office) to [unknown], 21 March 1829 (File Z1)

W. Horton's scheme for parish assistance for pauper emigration opposed by Duke of Wellington; high cost of maintaining families in N.S.W., encloses Colonial Office regulations on land grants in N.S.W., Van Diemen's Land and Western Australia.

Fonds U24. Mann (Cornwallis) MSS, 1831 - 1833

Filmed selectively.

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M1901.


Cornwallis Family; Farms and farming: Australia; Indigenous Australians; Western Australia

James Trimmer (Brentford) to Miss Cornwallis and Caroline Cornwallis (Sevenoaks), 1831 - 1833 (File C16)

News of nephews in Western Australia; farming near Perth and York; climate; cultural activities; botanic gardens; Australian Aboriginals; plants and birds; Reform Bill. (11 letters).

Fonds U36. Manorial documents and deeds received through British Records Association, 1814 - 1919

Filmed selectively.

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M1901.


Estates and wills; New Guinea; Stone-Wigg, Montagu J., Bishop of New Guinea

Letters of administration and will of Montagu Stone-Wigg, formerly Bishop of New Guinea, 17 April 1919 (File E124)

Power of attorney from Elfie Stone-Wigg and E.H.T. Russell (Sydney) to W.H. Brightman (London), 15 January 1919 (File)

Regarding estate of Bishop Stone-Wigg.

W.R. Wulbier to [unknown], 20 December 1814 (File E152)

Advising of vacant N.S.W. positions, including Barrack master, engineer and superintendent of government herds; also harbour master at Port Dalrymple.

Fonds U47/11. Documents received through Kent Archaeological Society, 1860

Filmed selectively.

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M1901.


Estates, trusts and wills; Spencer Family

Letters of administration of estate of John E. Spencer of Wanganui; granted to Charles S. Spencer, 26 April 1860 (File T556)

Release of trusts granted by Charles S. Spencer and A. Roberts of Sydney to W. Sankey and J. Mourilyn under will of Susan Spencer (large document), 19 June 1860 (File)

Fonds U82. Deeds and papers of Monckton, Son and Collis, solicitors, of Maidstone, c.1908

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M1901.

Settlements and personal estates, c.1908 (File T425-43)

Filmed selectively.

Copy of death certificate of Kate Bishop of Auckland, c. 1908 (Item T425)

Biographical / Historical

Kate Bishop (d. 22 January 1908)

Fonds U145. Papers of Faunce Family of Doddington, 1839

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M1901.

Series C34-46. Correspondence of Faunce Family, January 1839

Filmed selectively.

Bonham Faunce (Hobart) to Brydges Faunce, 9 January 1839 (File 1)

Impending departure for India; unpleasant climate of Van Diemen's Land; dullness; sombre country surrounding Hobart; influenza epidemic; gentlemen farmers would need large amounts of capital.

Fonds U194. Papers of Rev. J.E. Gambier of Langley, 1773 - 1774

Filmed selectively.

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M1901.


Gambier, J.E., Reverend; Omai of Tahiti; South Sea Islanders

Notebook begun at Cookham, 1773 - 1774 (File F.10/1.)

Notebook mostly comprises of a copy of a letter of 11 August 1774 describing a meeting with Omai and the customs of the South Sea Islanders.

Fonds U295. Papers of Colyer-Fergusson and Somes families, 1844 - 1939

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M1901.


Java(ship); New Zealand; New Zealand Company; Somes, Joseph; Troy(ship)

Biographical / Historical

Joseph Somes (1787-1845), ship's captain and later shipowner, was governor of the New Zealand Company from 1840 to 1845. Sir Thomas Colyer-Fergusson (1865-1851), 3rd Baronet (succeeded 1924), was a long-time member of the Kent Archaeological Society.

Series F7-17. Papers of Somes Family, December 1844

Filmed selectively.

Chatham to J Morris esq, 27 November 1820 (File)

re other letters and their contents, Somes being sent for and his potential involvement in court proceedings.

W.N Sims to Joseph Somes, 17 August 1832 (File)

Sims' apologies for charges he made against Somes' character based on misinformation about his conduct.

T.B. Burcham (Dartmouth) to Joseph Somes, 20 December 1844 - 21 December 1844 (File F 13)

Allegations made by Burcham about Somes' conduct as chairman of the New Zealand Company. (3 letters).

Series Z. Miscellanea, 1845 - February 1939

Notebook of H. Fildes on ships owned by Joseph Somes and Somes Bros used as New Zealand transports and troopships, 1845 - 1 February 1939 (File Z1)
H. Fildes to Sir Thomas Cloyer-Fergusson, 1932 - 1933 (File)

Joseph Somes; sends notebook on New Zealand ships of Somes Bros. (2 letters).

E.H. Scholfield (Wellington) to Sir Thomas Colyer-Fergusson, 1 February 1939 (File)

Details of Tory, expeditionary ship of New Zealand Company.

Printed report of New Zealand General Assembly Library, 1936 - 1937 (File)
Newspaper article by H. Fildes on East Indiaman Java which visited New Zealand, 1845 (File)

Fonds U310. Papers of Norman Family of Bromley and West Farleigh, 1827 - 1852

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M1902.


Accounts, estates and wills; Australia: Colonial legal system; Australian Agricultural Co; Bankers; Brisbane, Sir Thomas M.; Church Building: Australia; Economic conditions: Australia; Emigration and immigration; Emigration and Immigration: paupers; Goldrushes: Australia; Macarthur, James; Macarthur, Sir Edward; Maori Wars; Merchants; Norman, George W.; Peel, Thomas; Scott, Thomas H., Archdeacon; Trade: Australia; Transportation: Convicts; Western Australia; Wine industry: Australia; Wool industry: Australia

Biographical / Historical

George Warde Norman (1793-1882) was a merchant in the Norway timber trade and an investor in various American and Australian ventures. He retired from the family business in 1830 and devoted himself to the affairs of the Bank of England, of which he was a director, and monetary policy, taxation and other intellectual interests. His brother, Richard Norman, was a timber merchant.

Series B. Business Papers, c. 1830

Filmed selectively.

Letters to Richard Norman and George Norman and Sons about transactions carried out under power of attorney from Elisa Broughton, Hamilton Hume and others in N.S.W., 1830 (File B 16)
Account of monies received by Norman and Sons by virtue of power of attorney from E. Broughton, H. Hume and others (File)
Statement by Brickwood on transfer of Australian Agricultural Company shares from E. Barnard and R. Norman to Messrs. Seely and Hindson (File B 26)

Series C. Correspondence, 1827 - 1852

Filmed selectively.

Archdeacon T.H. Scott (Sydney, Hobart) to G.W. Norman, 1827 - 1829 (File C. 36)

Decision to resign; colonial youth becoming more depraved; schools; introduces James Macarthur; Australian Agricultural Company; Dr. H. Douglass; Francis Forbes; Governor R. Darling; H. Dumaresq; Sir Thomas Brisbane; G. Arthur; abuses of N.S.W. courts; attacks on Scott from every side. (6 letters).

Archdeacon T.H. Scott (Perth) to R. Norman, 2 June 1830 (File)

Impending return to England; advice to intending settlers; shortage of provisions in Swan River colony; T. Peel; shipping disasters on west coast; trial by jury in N.S.W.

E. Macarthur (Cavan, Sydney) to H. Norman, 1849 - 1852 (File C. 126)

Irish economic problems and emigration; voyage to N.S.W. in 1851: effect of gold rushes on shipping and on Melbourne and Sydney; James Macarthur. (3 letters)

James Macarthur (Sydney) to H. Norman, 6 March 1852 (File)

Gold rushes; despatch of sample of copper ore from Wallah Wallah mines; E. Macarthur

Sir Rowland Hill to G.W. Norman, 7 March 1834 (File C. 166)

Management of poor; home colonization and emigration; views of E.G. Wakefield on emigration.

Edward Macarthur (Carrick) to G.W. Norman, 1843 - 1845 (File C. 181)

Irish affairs; export of Australian wool and wine; erection of church at Camden; Bowman's estate in N.S.W.; James Macarthur; statistics of Australia's progress 1832-1842; Irish emigration; Col. Despard and Maori War. (21 letters).

James Macarthur (Sydney, Camden) to G.W. Norman, 1839 - 1843 (File C. 182)

Birth of daughter; financial matters; economic depression; cessation of transportation: Legislative Council; financial affairs of Pott; Bank of Australasia; increase in price of flour. (6 letters, some in poor condition).

Correspondence from T.H. Scott, 15 November 1830 - 18 January 1839 (File C. 200)

Filmed selectively.

Archdeacon T.H. Scott (Cape of Good Hope) to G.W. Norman, 15 November 1830 (Item 1)

Voyage from Australia; revolutions in Europe; J. Hume and expenditure of N.S.W.; Francis Forbes; Governor R. Darling; Australian courts and trial by jury; agitation for self-government in N.S.W.

Archdeacon T.H. Scott (Haydon Bridge) to G.W. Norman, 18 January 1839 (Item 10)

Investments in N.S.W.; British politics.

Correspondence from Robert Torrens, 26 January 1836 (File C. 207)
R. Torrens to G.W. Norman, 26 January 1836 (Item 1)

Irish emigration; W. Whitmore.

Series O. Official Papers, 1842

Filmed selectively.

Papers concerning provision of money by G.W. Norman as security for performance by E. Barnard of duties of Agent General for Colonies, 1842 (File O2)

Includes letters of Sir Charles Trevelyan and Sir George Clerk (Treasury) (4 papers)

Fonds U350. Papers of Dering Family of Surrenden, Pluckley, 1916 - 1917

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M1902.


Army officers; Birdwood, Sir William R., 1st Baron; Dering, Sir Henry; Monash, Sir John, General; United States Army; World War I

Series F10-14. Papers of Sir Henry E. Dering, 1916 - 1917

Biographical / Historical

Sir Henry E. Dering (1882-1921)

Papers concerning Dering's service with the 3rd Australian Division (c. 120 ff.), 1916 - 1917 (File F 13)

His recall to London, and efforts to obtain a posting with the United States Army. Includes narrative of action 13 April-13 May 1917, correspondence with Sir William Birdwood and General J. Monash, and copies of orders of General Monash, 1916-1917.

Fonds U564. Chilston MSS, 1848 - 1905

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M1902.


Akers, Charles S.; Akers-Douglas, Aretas, 1st Viscount Chilston; Australia: politics and government; Australia: visits to; Farms and farming: Australia; Holland, Sir Henry T., 1st Viscount Knutsford; Melbourne, Victoria; Ocean Chief(ship); Politicians: Britain

Biographical / Historical

Aretas Akers-Douglas (1851-1926), 1st Viscount Chilston (created 1911), of Chilston Park, Kent, was a member of the House of Commons from 1880 to 1911. He served under Lord Salisbury as chief whip and patronage secretary to the Treasury (1885-1886, 1886-1892) and first commissioner of works (1895-1902) and was Home Secretary in the Balfour Ministry (1902-1905).

Correspondence of Aretas Akers-Douglas, 16 October 1888 - 16 December 1888 (File C. 25)

Filmed selectively.

W.H. Smith to Akers-Douglas, 16 October 1888 (Item 64)

Request of S. Hill for colonial governorship; would hesitate to send him to Queensland.

W.H. Smith to Akers-Douglas, 16 December 1888 (Item 69)

Renewed request by S. Hill for colonial governorship; Education Office.

Correspondence of Aretas Akers-Douglas, 1 November 1886 (File C. 219)

Filmed selectively.

Sir Robert Fowler (Wellington) to Akers-Douglas, 1 November 1886 (Item 1)

Plans for visiting Australia and India before returning to England.

Papers of Aretas Akers-Douglas, 15 October 1888 - 19 February 1892 (File C. 321)

Filmed selectively.

Lord Knutsford to Akers-Douglas, August 2 (Item 11)

No vacancy which could be offered to S. Hill; unacceptable to Australian colonies.

Lord Knutsford to Akers-Douglas, October 11 (Item 12)

S. Hill applied for Queensland governorship; inquires if his parliamentary seat is safe.

Lord Knutsford to Akers-Douglas, 15 October 1888 (Item 13)

Unable to offer post to S. Hill.

Lord Knutsford to Akers-Douglas, November 21 (Item 14)

Difficulty of filling South Australian and Queensland governorships; Sir John Gorst, Sir George Baden-Powell, J. Henniker Heaton; seeks suggestions.

Lord Knutsford to Akers-Douglas, November 30 (Item 15)

Possibility of appointing Maxwell Governor of South Australia.

Lord Knutsford to Akers-Douglas, 29 November 1888 (Item 16)

Possibility of appointing S. Leighton Governor of South Australia.

Lord Knutsford to Akers-Douglas, 26 February 1859 (Item)

Regarding the election of W James La Fontaine

Lord Knutsford to Akers-Douglas, 19 February 1892 (Item 19)

Neither S. Hill nor Sir George Baden-Powell acceptable to New Zealand Government; effects on Colonial Service of exclusion from Australian and South African governorships.

Lord Knutsford to Akers-Douglas, June 05 (Item 20)

Governorships; Sir Frederick Broome, Sir William Robinson.

Charles S. Akers (Hobart, Melbourne) to Rev. A. Akers, 1848 - 1854 (File C 575)

Religion; need for guidance; impending marriage to Henrietta Despard; interest in botany; good life in Australia; need for immigrants; epedemic in Hobart; climate; development of Melbourne; high wages; farming; family news; hopes of returning to England. (7 letters)

Charles S. Akers (Sydney) to A. Akers, 12 May 1855 (File C 576)

Passage home on Ocean Chief; high cost of passage.

Fonds U619. Papers of Chapman Family of St. Pauls Cray, 1819

Filmed selectively.

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M1902.

L. Macquarie (Sydney) to J. Chapman, 22 July 1819 (File C 1)

Criticisms of Lord Bathurst; welcomes appointment of J.T. Bigge; progress of colony; regulations; sends ode.

Fonds U840. Papers of Pratt Family of Wildernesse Park, Sevenoaks, 1795 - 1805

Filmed selectively.

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M1902.


Bligh, William, Captain; Politicians: Britain; Pratt, Sir John, 2nd Earl of Camden; Royal Navy; Swiftsure, H.M.S. (ship); Transportation: Convicts; United Irishmen; Wellesley, Richard, 1st Marquess

Biographical / Historical

Sir John Jeffreys Pratt (1759-1840), 2nd Earl of Camden (succeeded 1794), 1st Marquess of Camden (created 1812) was a member of the House of Commons from 1780. He was a lord of the Treasury (1789-93) in the ministry of his close friend William Pitt. He was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in 1796 but resigned during the United Irishmen rebellion of 1798. He returned to office with Pitt as Secretary of State for War and the Colonies (1804-5) later becoming President of Council 1805-6, 1807-12.

Series C. Correspondence, March 1804 - November 1804

Lord Wellesley (Fort William) to Lord Hobart, 1 March 1804 (File 3)

Achievements of Sir George Leith as Governor of Prince of Wales Island; directions of East India Company that he be replaced by civil servant.

Camden to Lord Wellesley, 29 November 1804 (File 6)

Has brought claims of Sir George Leith to notice of Duke of York.

Series O. Official Papers, July 1795 - May 1805

Filmed selectively.

W. Bligh to Camden, 17 May 1805 (File 17)

Naval powers of Governor of N.S.W.; urges warship be stationed at Pt. Jackson.

Petition of J. William, settler at Prospect Hill, N.S.W., now serving on H.M.S. Swiftsure at St. Helena, wishing to return to family, 18 November 1804 (File O92)
E. Stanley (Carrick) to Camden, 29 July 1795 (File 15)

Convictions of United Irishmen; refers to 6 men transported for administering oaths.

King George III to Camden, 22 April 1805 (File 38)

Approves appointment of W. Bligh as Governor of N.S.W.

Fonds U929. Holworthy Collection, 1874 - 1893

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M1902.


Business affairs: New Zealand; Emigrant voyages; Holworthy Family (New Zealand); Holworthy, Fred; Holworthy, J.M.; Holworthy, J.M. and Co; Jolley, Robert; New Zealand; New Zealand: exports; Trade: New Zealand

Series F. Family Papers, 1874 - 1893

C.J. Holworthy (Wellington) to Lightbody, 27 March 1879 (File)

Arrival in New Zealand and search for emploment; character of colonial gentlemen.

J. Holworthy (London) to C.J. Holworthy (Dunedin), January 1885 (File)

Business affairs; bills of lading; news of Fred. (2 letters).

Letterbook of J.M. Holworthy of Bromley concerning the export of stationery and photographs, and the affairs of F. Holworthy in New Zealand, 1874 - 1887 (File F 11)

Recipients include F. Holworthy (Wellington, Dunedin), C. Holworthy (Dunedin, Melbourne), P.E. Reynolds (Melbourne), F. Barber (Christchurch), J. Wilkie (Dunedin), R. Jolley (Melbourne), C. Crosby (Melbourne).

Letterbook of J.M. Holworthy concerning exporting business (96pp), 1887 - 1891 (File F 12)

Recipients include C. Holworthy (Melbourne), R. Jolley (Melbourne), H. Perkins (Hobart), J. Walch (Hobart).

Papers concerning failure of J.M. Holworthy & Co. and Robart Jolley and Co. of Melbourne (5 papers), 1891 - 1893 (File F 15)

Includes statements of the affairs of the two companies (May 1891) and report of a committee set up to assist J.M. Holworthy (March 1892).

Diary of Frederic Holworthy on a voyage from London to Christchurch (134pp), 29 April 1881 - 8 August 1881 (File F17)

Detailed entries for each day, describing relations with other passengers and first impressions of New Zealand.

Bill of Charles Holworthy to Frederic Holworthy (Dunedin), 9 January 1884 (File F 18)
Supreme Court of Bankruptcy, Dunedin. Order of discharge of Frederic W. Holworthy, importer, to take effect on, 4 May 1886 (File F 19)

Fonds U951. Papers of Knatchbull Family of Mersham, 1768 - 1872

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M1903.


Australia: flora and fauna; Banks, Sir Joseph; Convicts; Dickens, Charles; Endeavour, HMS; Great Britain: Colonial Office; Knatchbull Family; Politicians: Britain; Transportation: Convicts; Van Hulthem, C.; Vansittart, Nicholas; Wodehouse, John, 1st Earl of Kimberley

Biographical / Historical

Sir Edward Knatchbull (1781-1849), 9th Baronet (succeeded 1819), was a member of the House of Commons (1819-30, 1832-45). His mother, Mary Knatchbull, was the sister of Dorothea Hugessen (1758-1828), the wife of Sir Joseph Banks. His son Edward Knatchbull-Hugessen (1829-1893), 1st Baron Brabourne (created 1880), was a member of the House of Commons (1857-80). He was parliamentary under-secretary for the colonies in 1871-74.

Series C. Correspondence, March 1831 - October 1872

Filmed selectively.

Letters written to Sir Edward Knatchbull and Edward Knatchbull-Hugessen, 25 March 1831 - 19 October 1872 (File C 1)

Biographical / Historical

Sir Edward Knatchbull (1781- 1849) Edward Knatchbull-Hugessen (1829-1893), 1st Baron Brabourne.

Lord Kimberley to E. Knatchbull-Hugessen, 15 January 1871 (Item 28)

Colonial Office much more interesting than expected; problems; looks forward to working together.

Lord Melbourne to Sir Edward Knatchbull, 25 March 1831 (Item 65)

Employment of convicts in dockyards; transportation of all convicts impracticable.

C. Dickens to E. Knatchbull-Hugessen, 19 October 1872 (Item 68)

Publication of lecture on colonial government in All the Year Round.

Newspaper cuttings on murder trial of John Knatchbull, 27 January 1844 - 28 February 1844 (File C 168)
True Sun (Sydney), 27 January 1844 (Item 2)
True Sun (Sydney), 28 February 1844 (Item 3)

Series Z. Miscellanea. Papers of Sir Joseph Banks, August 1768 - June 1818

Correspondence, 1798 - 11 June 1818 (File Z 32)

Filmed selectively.

Copies of Correspondence between Sir Joseph Banks and N. Vansittart (4 pp.), 1798 - 1816 (Item 56)

Correspondence concerning request for asylum by Chevalier de la Garde and wife Charlotta, daughter of Col. von Behm who assisted Capt. Cook at Kampchatka.

C. van Hulthem (Brussels) to Banks, 23 February 1818 (Item 59)

Publication on agriculture and botany; requests Australian seeds.

C. van Hulthem to Banks, 11 June 1818 (Item 62)

Sends brochure on cle of Egypt; requests Australian seeds.

Fonds U1045. Deeds and papers of Ashford deposited by Messrs. Hallet and Co., solicitors, 1841 - 1875

Filmed selectively.

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M1903.

Series T 69. Rugden Farm, 1841 - 1875

Extracts of birth, baptismal and death certificates of members of Winton Family of Lyndoch Valley and Sandy Creek, South Australia, 1841 - 1874 (File Part 2)

Covering letter from Munn and Mace (Tenterden) 1875-10-05.

Fonds U1050. Papers of Woodgate Family of Chiddingstone, 1844 - 1911

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M1903.


Australia: politics and government; Australia: transport; Goulburn, New South Wales; Humphry Family; Suffragette Movement; Woodgate Family

Series C 92-153. Correspondence of Juliana Humphry, later Lady Ashburnham, 1844 - 1856

Biographical / Historical

Juliana Humphry (1789-1865) married Sir William Ashburnham (1769-1843), 6th Baronet (succeeded 1823) in 1825.

Correspondence of Frederick Humphry (Perth), Richard Humphry (Goulburn) Lady Ashburnham and Frances Humphry, 1844 - 1856 (File C 101)

Failure of Australind; description of Goulburn and its principal residents; pride of local gentry; family bereavements; slow progress of railways; responsible government, loyalty of colonists. (6 letters)

Series F. Family Papers, 1909 - 1911

Correspondence of H. Woodgate, South Australia, 1909 - 1911 (File F 227)

H. Woodgate (Terowie, South Australia) to G. and G.M. Woodgate, Family history; relatives in England; suffragette movement. (7 letters)

Fonds U1127. Papers of Smith-Masters Family of Meapham, 1850 - 1858

Filmed selectively.

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M1903.

Correspondence of Lieut. A. Cowburn, 1850 - 1858 (File C 91)

J. Brown (Honolulu) to Cowburn, June 30 (Item)

Visit of Cowburn to Honolulu; anniversary celebrations of prince; conversation with King; social functions; H.M.S. Calypso.

Fonds U1350. Papers of Amherst Family of Riverhead, 1900

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M1903.

Biographical / Historical

Josceline George Herbert Amherst (1846-1900) was the brother of William Archer Amherst (1836-1910), 3rd Earl Amherst (succeeded 1886). Trained as a barrister, he was private secretary to Sir William Des Voeux, the governor of Fiji, in 1881-83. He migrated to Western Australia and was private secretary to Sir Frederick Napier Broome and clerk of the Executive Council (1885-87). He was a member of the Legislative Council (1890-94).

Series C 88-100. Correspondence of William Archer, February 1900

Biographical / Historical

William Archer, 3rd Earl Amherst (1836-1910).

Correspondence and cuttings concerning death of J.G.H. Amherst, brother of Lord Amherst, at Darlington, Western Australia, February 1900 (File C 88)

Correspondents include Sir Gerard Smith, Sir John Forrest and Bishop C. Riley. (6 letters)

Fonds U1371. Papers of Fane and Weigall Families, 1856 - 1883

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M1903.


Artists; Australia: flora and fauna; Australia: visits to; Bushrangers; Church Building: Australia; Kyneton, Victoria; Melbourne, Victoria; Melbourne International Exhibitions (1881); Victoria: politics and government; Weigall Family; Weigall, Henry; Weigall, Lady Rose; Weigall, Selina

Biographical / Historical

Henry Weigall (1800-1882), a sculptor and medallist, was married to Selina Smith (1801?-1883). They migrated to Victoria in 1856 and Weigall was clerk of petty sessions at Kyneton until 1869. Their son Henry Weigall (1829-1925), who was a society portrait painter in London, married Rose Sophia Mary Fane (1834-1921), daughter of John Fane, 11th Earl of Westmorland. Another son, Theyre Weigall (1831-1911), was a barrister in Melbourne and for many years the curator of estates of deceased persons.

Series C. Correspondence, 1856 - 1883

Selina and Henry Weigall (Kyneton) to Lady Westmorland, 1866 - 1877 (File C 19)

Marriage of their children; Lady Westmorland's paintings. (2 letters)

Henry Weigall (Kyneton) to Lady Rose Weigall, 1870 - 1876 (File C 57)

Death of Julian Fane; Royal Academy; photographs; family news. (3 letters)

Selina Weigall (Kyneton) to Lady Rose Weigall, 1868 - 1882 (File C 58)

Family news; photographs and sketches; drawing classes of Henry Weigall; Australian animals; Lady Rose's book. (9 letters)

Selina FitzJames (Kyneton) to Lady Rose Weigall, 1872 - 1873 (File C 59)

Family news; Kyneton sports; W.H.F. Mitchell. (5 letters)

Esther Perry (Melbourne) to Lady Rose Weigall, 24 October 1866 (File C 74)

Congratulations on marriage; Henry Weigall's work as artist.

Henry Weigall (Kyneton) to his son, Henry Weigall, 1864 - 1875 (File C 85)

Family news; Henry's audience with Queen Victoria; visit of Duke of Edinburgh to Australia; retirement from Government service; paintings and sculpture; financial matters. (14 letters).

Henry Weigall (Kyneton) to Henry Weigall, 1866 - 1882 (File C 86)

Family news; portraits; statue of Sir Redmond Barry; 1878 political crisis; 1881 Melbourne International Exhibition. (18 letters, typescript copies).

Selina Weigall (Kyneton) to Henry Weigall, 1856 - 1876 (File C 87)

First impressions of Melbourne; family news; Henry's marriage; drought; prices; paintings; visit of W. Thompson; England v. Victoria cricket match. (18 letters).

Louise Weigall (Kyneton) to Henry Weigall, 1863 - 1864 (File C 88)

Henry's paintings and audience with Queen Victoria; bushrangers; visit of Sir Charles Darling to Kyneton. (3 letters).

Selina FitzJames (Kyneton, Orange) to Henry Weigall, 1865 - 1869 (File C 89)

Father's retirement; E. a Beckett. (3 letters).

Theyre Weigall (Melbourne) to Henry Weigall, 1872 - 1882 (File C 90)

Family news; death of father; financial metters. (2 letters)

Letters to Alfred Weigall from family in Victoria, 1865 - 1883 (File C 98)

Paintings; family news. (4 letters)

Selina FitzJames (Kyneton) to Fitzroy Weigall, 12 August [c. 1872] (File C 99)

Education; Australian churches; birds.

Fonds U1390. Papers of Wood and Warne Families, c.1870-1890

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M1903.

Series Z. Miscellanea, c.1870-90

8 photographs of members of Coxon family and of house in Brisbane, c. 1870-90 (File Z 69)

Fonds U1453. Papers of Cobb Family of Margate, 1845

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M1903.

Series C. Correspondence, July 1845

C.G. Davis (Plymouth) to Cobb, 15 July 1845 (File C 372)

Account of death of Henry Torre, killed in fighting at Bay of Islands, New Zealand.

Fonds U1480. List of convicts, 1806

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M1903.


Convicts; Convicts: female; Maidstone Gaol, England; Transportation: Convicts

Series O. Official records, August 1806

List of four female convicts under sentence of transportation at Maidstone Gaol, 16 August 1806 (File O12)

Gives name, description, crime, date and place of trial, sentence, character, health. (1p.)

Fonds U1583. Papers of Beeman Family of Cranbrook, 1843 - 1945

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M1903.

Series C 9-17. Correspondence of Hubbard Family, January 1843 - December 1945

Emma Addison (Adelaide) to Miss Hubbard, 14 January 1843 (File C. 12)

Thank for fruit and books; high material standards in Australia; dust clouds in Adelaide; fruit grown on farm; high wages for labourers; snakes; villages around Adelaide.

Correspondence of Elizabeth Beeman, September 1945 - December 1945 (File C. 17)

Filmed selectively.

Colin Hubbard (London) to Elizabeth Beeman, 17 September 1945 (Item)

Impending return to New Zealand; details of Hubbard Family in New Zealand.

C. Hubbard (New Lambton, N.S.W.) to Elizabeth Beeman, 20 November 1945 (Item)

Sends typescript re estate of James Hubbard of Newcastle, N.S.W.

Biographical / Historical

James Hubbard (d. 1896)

Fred Hubbard (Cambridge) to Elizabeth Beeman, 15 December 1945 (Item)

Return to New Zealand and demobilization; rationing.

C. Hubbard (New Lambton) to Elizabeth Beeman, 2 November 1945 (Item)

Family news.

Series Z. Miscellanea

2 printed leaflets and cutting on proposed new colony of Nonconformists in province of Auckland, New Zealand, [1861] (File Z. 38)
Printed lists of necessaries for emigrants to New Zealand and other colonies supplied by Goy, Evans and Co., and H. Catchpole. (8 documents) (File Z. 39)

Fonds U1625. Papers of James H. Thomas, 1924 - 1943

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M1903.


Bathurst, Sir Charles, 1st Viscount Bledisloe; Cunliffe-Lister, Sir Philip; De Chair, Sir Dudley R.S.; Great Britain: Dominions Office; Great Britain: relations with colonies; Hore-Ruthven, Sir Alexander, 1st Earl of Gowrie; Farms and farming: Australia; Mannix, Daniel, Archbishop; New Zealand: economic conditions; Politicians: Britain; Thomas, James H.; Trade: imperial

Biographical / Historical

James Henry Thomas (1874-1949) joined the Great Western Railway as an engine cleaner in 1889 and by 1905 was president of the Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants. In 1916 he became general secretary of the National Union of Railwaymen. He was elected to the House of Commons in 1910 and served in the Labour governments led by Ramsay MacDonald as Secretary of State for the Colonies (1924) and Secretary of State for the Dominions (1930-31). Following the split in the Labour Party in 1931, he remained at the Dominions Office until 1935.

Series C. Correspondence, 4 December 1930 - 15 February 1943

James H. Thomas to Lord Stamfordham, 4 December 1930 (File C. 1)

Need to inform Prime Minister of South Africa and Australia of proposed Knighthoods for Lord Clarendon and Sir Isaac Isaacs. (copy)

Sir Clive Wigram to James H. Thomas, 29 April 1931 (File C. 3)

Likely retirement of Archbishop D. Mannix; urges approach be made to Pope for English Catholic to succeed him as Archbishop of Melbourne.

Sir Leslie Orme Wilson (Brisbane) to James H. Thomas, 15 February 1943 (File C.147)

Thomas' book My story; Wilson's long term as Governor of Queensland; W. Forgan Smith; friendly relations with Labour Government; family news.

Series O. Official Papers, 1924 - 1935

Subseries O18-O26. Secretary of State for the Colonies, 1924
Sir Dudley du Chair (Sydney) to James H. Thomas, 27 April 1924 (File O19/6)

Visit of Sir Vincent Raven and Sir Sam Fay to Sydney; visit of Special Service Squadron; agricultural possibilities of N.S.W.

Copy of acknowledgment 1924-06-03

Subseries O31-O41. Secretary of State for the Dominions, 1930 - 1935
Correspondence, 11 June 1930 - 21 July 1930 (File O31/3)
Lord Stonehaven (Sydney) to James H. Thomas, 11 June 1930 (Item)

Congratulations on appointment; unable to communicate officially; praises Dalton and Crutchley; Imperial Conference.

Sir Edward Harding to E. Marsh, 18 July 1930 (Item)

Communications between Secretary of State and Governor-General; Dalton and Crutchley.

Draft and copy of acknowledgment, 21 July 1930 (Item)
Correspondence between James H. Thomas and Lord Bledisloe, 1930 - 1934 (File O31/6)

Including copy of letter from Bledisloe to J. Ramsay MacDonald, 10 July 1930. Subjects include character and ability of G.W. Forbes; death of Sir Joseph Ward; effect of Depression on New Zealand; import of British motor vehicles; imperial trade.

Also includes newspaper cuttings and speeches.

Sir Alexander Hore-Ruthven (Adelaide) to James H. Thomas, 12 November 1931 (File O31/11)

Proposed visit of Thomas to Australia; need to meet State politicians and representatives; isolation of Federal politicians; British elections.

File of correspondence and papers on Imperial rationalisation assembled by Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister, 1930 - 1931 (File O43)

Includes memorandum by Cunliffe-Lister on imperial economic relations (January 1930), report of Federation of British Industries on British economic policy with regard to Dominions (February 1930), and correspondence of Cunliffe-Lister with Sir James Lithgow, H.A. Gwynne, S.M. Bruce, Sir Frederick Lewis, Sir Harry McGowan, S. Baldwin, E.R. Peacock and Sir Kenneth Stewart. Also pamphlets on Imperial rationalisation and trade. (c. 90 documents).

Fonds U1999. Papers of Hollingworth Family of Turkey Mill, 1886 - 1887

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M1903.

Subseries C. Correspondence, 1886 - 1887

Isabel Nankervis (Wallawny and Cunliffe, South Australia) to cousins, 1886 - 1887 (File C. 20)

Thanks for money; farming; family news; Adelaide Jubilee Exhibition; lack of progress of Cunliffe. (5 letters and photograph).

Fonds U2035. Stede Hill MSS, 1873

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M1903.

Series T. Deeds, July 1873

T.F. Baldwin (Christchurch) to W.T. Baldwin, sends bond; alteration, 5 July 1873 (File)
Bond of T.F. Baldwin of Christchurch to W.T. Baldwin of Maidstone for sum of £1500, 5 July 1873 (File)