Guide to the Guide to Records of All Hallows College, Dublin (as filmed by the AJCP)



National Library of Australia View Catalogue Record

Created: 2019

Collection Summary

All Hallows College
Records of All Hallows College, Dublin (as filmed by the AJCP)
Date Range
1842 - 1877
Collection Number
8 items
Language of Materials
Australian Joint Copying Project
The Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP) online portal was created with the assistance of the Australian Public Service Modernisation Fund, 2017-2020. The National Library of Australia gratefully acknowledges the contribution of the other foundation AJCP partners, the State Library of New South Wales and The National Archives of the UK, and all other organisations which supported the work of the AJCP, the world's most extensive collaborative copying project, operating from 1948 to 1997.


Scope and Contents

Thesis by Patrick F. Murray entitled 'Calendar of the Overseas Missionary Correspondence of All Hallows College, Dublin, 1842-77' (MA thesis, University College, Dublin, 1956). As well as the calendar itself, the thesis includes a history of the College and of each overseas diocese, arranged by geographic area, such as Australasia, then alphabetically by diocese.

Correspondence dealing with overseas missions, concluding with batches of letters arranged chronologically in groups of twelve with a summary note at the beginning of each group. These summary notes give the name of each correspondent, the date of the letter and its subject. The bulk of the correspondence consists of letters from bishops and priests addressed to the College presidents, and records of the ideas as well as the activities of Irish priests in Australia and New Zealand.

Correspondence from dioceses in Canada, Scotland and England.

A miscellaneous section of the correspondence contains letters 1858-60 to and from the Colonial Land and Emigration Commission relating to religious instruction on board emigrant ships, and letters 1845-69 of Rev. Thomas Heptonstall, who acted as agent for a number of Australian and New Zealand bishops on matters of emigration.

Conditions Governing Access

Available for access.

Conditions Governing Use

Many of the records digitised as part of the AJCP are still in copyright. Readers wishing to publish or reproduce documents should seek permission, in the first instance, from the owner of the original material.

Preferred Citation

Acknowledgement of use of this material should refer to the location of the original material and to the Australian Joint Copying Project.

Items from this collection should include references to the location of the original material and to the AJCP nla.obj number, which serves as the online identifier for the digital copy.

Example:M Series: Journal of Capt. James Cook, 18 February-23 September 1770, British Library Add. MS 27885 (AJCP ref:

Archival History

Filmed at All Hallows College, Dublin, as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project, 1974. (AJCP reel M871-874). Original microfilm digitised as part of the NLA AJCP Online Delivery Project, 2017-2020.

The records of All Hallows College were originally filmed by the National Library of Ireland. The Australian Joint Copying Project acquired copies of the four reels that predominantly relate to Australia and New Zealand. Portions of these records are concerned with dioceses and districts in Canada and Britain and, being outside the scope of the AJCP, they have not been described in any detail.

Existence and Location of Originals

All Hallows College; Gracepark Road, Dublin 9, Ireland.

Please note: All Hallows College, Dublin closed in November 2016.

For further information see All Hallows College Archives

Existence and Location of Copies

The original AJCP microfilm of the records filmed from this collection is available at the National Library of Australia [] as well as other institutions holding AJCP microfilm.

Finding Aid Note

This finding aid is a revised online version of the original finding aid prepared by the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP), published by the National Library of Australia in 2019. The original AJCP finding aids were unpublished typescripts or photocopies available from libraries that held copies of the original microfilm.

Dates used in this finding aid refer to the date range of the records selected for filming rather than to the date range of the Series or Files.


All Hallows College, Dublin; Australia; Bunbury, Sir Charles, 6th Baronet; Canada; Emigration and immigration; Great Britain; Great Britain. Colonial Land and Emigration Commission; Heptonstall, T., Rev.; Irish in Australia; Irish in New Zealand; Missions and missionaries: Australia; Murray, Patrick F.; New Zealand; Roman Catholic Church: Australia; Roman Catholic Church: Canada; Roman Catholic Church: England; Roman Catholic Church: New Zealand


Originally cited in Australian Joint Copying Project Handbook. Part 8: Miscellaneous (M) Series. Third Edition, published 1998. Entry number 6, page 2.

Biographical / Historical

All Hallows College was the first modern foundation in Ireland set up to train priests for work in foreign missions. John Hand (1807-1846) attended St Patrick's College, Maynooth, and was ordained a priest in 1835. He had a strong interest in the Association for the Propaganda of the Faith, which was founded in 1838, and he conceived the idea of a college in which priests would be trained to serve the Irish peoples in English-speaking countries other than Ireland. In February 1842 the Holy See gave its blessing to the project and All Hallows College was formally opened in November 1842. It was housed in a mansion in Drumcoda in Dublin.

The College grew rapidly. The number of students rose from one in 1842 to 120 in 1846. By 1860 there were over 200 students. In its first 40 years, the College sent over 1000 missionaries to English-speaking countries. The main destinations were the United States of America (420), Australia and New Zealand (250), Britain (190), Canada (60), the West Indies and Argentine (49), India (30) and South Africa (28).

Since 1892 All Hallows College has been under the direction of the Vincentians.

The early presidents of the College were:
  1. Rev. John Hand - 1842-1846
  2. Dr David Moriarty - 1846-1854
  3. Dr Bartholomew Woodlock - 1854-1861
  4. Rev. Thomas Bennett - 1861-1866
  5. Dr William Fortune - 1866-1892

Item Descriptions

Patrick F. Murray. Calendar of the overseas missionary correspondence of All Hallows College, Dublin, 1842-77 (MA thesis), 1956 (File)

The thesis contains a brief history of All Hallows College, followed by a chronological listing of the documents that have survived for the period 1842-77. The calendar is mainly organised by country or geographical region, subdivided by dioceses.

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M871.

Letters, mainly addressed to the president of All Hallows College, from bishops and priests in Canada, 1845 - 1877 (File)

The following dioceses are represented: Ottawa, Halifax, Harbour Grace (Newfoundland), Kingston, Montreal, Quebec and St John (New Brunswick).

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M871.

Letters, mainly addressed to the president of All Hallows College, from bishops, priests and former students in Australia, 1842 - 1877 (File)

The principal correspondents are Archbishop J.B. Polding (Sydney), Rev. J. McEncroe (Sydney), Archbishop R.B. Vaughan (Sydney), Rev. M. Ryan (Norfolk Island), Bishop L.B. Sheil (Adelaide), Bishop J. Quinn (Brisbane), Rev. A. Quinn (Brisbane), Bishop W. Lanigan (Goulburn), Bishop J. Murray (Maitland) and Bishop M. Quinn (Bathurst).

The letters deal with requests for priests, arrangements for priests and students to sail to Australia, negotiations with the dioceses' English agent Rev. T. Heptonstall, chaplains on emigrant and convict ships, the performance of former students in Australia, the strengths and weaknesses of particular priests, the ordination of priests, funds collected in Australia for All Hallows College, the travels of bishops, descriptions of rural parishes, the dispersal of Catholics over vast areas, sectarian divisions in the colonies and relations with Protestant churches, the erection of churches, presbyteries and schools, and requests for books. There are also references to the visits by Archbishop Polding to Norfolk Island, criticisms of Polding by the Freeman's Journal in Sydney, his attitude towards the Irish clergy, and the arrival of Christian Brothers and Jesuits in the colonies.

The letters are arranged by diocese in the following order:
  1. Adelaide, 1847-75 - 16 letters
  2. Bathurst, 1866-73 - 16 letters
  3. Goulburn, 1856-77 - 10 letters
  4. Maitland, 1866-73 - 12 letters
  5. Sydney, 1842-77 - 116 letters
  6. Brisbane, 1860-75 - 21 letters


Originally filmed on AJCP reel M872.

Letters, mainly addressed to the president of All Hallows College, from bishops, priests and former students in Australia and New Zealand, 1843 - 1877 (File)

The principal correspondents are Bishop J.B. Pompallier (Auckland), Bishop W. Willson (Hobart), Rev. T.F. Lucas (Launceston), Rev. C. Woods (Hobart), Bishop D. Murphy (Hobart), Bishop J. Brady (Perth), Bishop R. Salvado (Perth), Bishop J.B. Serra (Perth), Bishop M. Griver (Perth), Archbishop J.A. Goold (Melbourne), Bishop M. O'Connor (Ballarat), Bishop M. Crane (Sandhurst) and Bishop F. Redwood (Wellington).

The Australian letters deal with similar subjects to those on the previous reel. In addition, there are references to the visits of Bishop Willson to the mainland and Norfolk Island, the financial difficulties of dioceses, and relations between the Spanish and Irish clergy in Western Australia.

The New Zealand letters, mostly written by Bishop Pompallier, discuss the qualities required by priests for work in New Zealand, the progress of Catholicism among the Maoris, the endowment of convents, conflict with Protestant missionaries, Pompallier's visit to Ireland (1860), schools, the effects of the New Zealand wars (1867), the printing of prayerbooks and catechisms in Maori, and relations with the New Zealand Government.

They are arranged by diocese in the following order:
  1. Ballarat, 1874-77 - 5 letters
  2. Melbourne, 1850-77 - 100 letters
  3. Sandhurst, 1875-77 - 7 letters
  4. Hobart, 1843-76 - 67 letters
  5. Perth, 1845-76 - 48 letters
  6. Auckland, 1844-76 - 46 letters
  7. Dunedin, 1874-76 - 5 letters
  8. Wellington, 1875-77 - 4 letters

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M873.

Letters, written to the president of All Hallows College, from Rev. Thomas Heptonstall (d. 1869), 1845 - 1857 (File)

Heptonstall, who lived in Acton, London, and later Stanbrook, Worcestershire, was the English agent for the bishops of Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, Brisbane, Perth, Hobart and Auckland. The letters forward requests from bishops seeking priests and discuss arrangements for passages on ships sailing to Australia and New Zealand.(12 letters)

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M873.

Letters, written to the president of All Hallows College, from Rev. Thomas Heptonstall, 1858 - 1869 (File)

The letters discuss financial arrangements and the travel arrangements of priests, requests and complaints by the colonial bishops, and relations with the Colonial Land and Emigration Commission.(68 letters)

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M873.

Letters from the Colonial Land and Emigration Commission, 1858 - 1860 (File)

The letters are mostly signed by Stephen Walcott, the secretary of the Commission from 1840 to 1878. They mostly deal with the appointment of chaplains and religious instructors to emigrant and convict ships sailing to Australia.(45 letters)

Archival History

Originally filmed on AJCP reel M874.

Letters from districts of the Catholic Church in England and Scotland, 1842 - 1874 (File)

The following districts are represented: Eastern district of Scotland, Western district of Scotland, Lancashire, Liverpool.


Originally filmed on AJCP reel M874.